Hand County, South Dakota

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Hand County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Hand County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1873 (created)
1882 (redrawn)
1882 (organized)
Named forGeorge A. Hand
SeatMiller
Largest cityMiller
Area
 • Total1,440 sq mi (3,730 km2)
 • Land1,437 sq mi (3,722 km2)
 • Water3.6 sq mi (9 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)3,262
 • Density2.28/sq mi (0.88/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitehand.sdcounties.org

Hand County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 3,431,[1] its county seat is Miller.[2]

History[edit]

Hand County and its towns and villages in 1892

Hand County was named for George A. Hand, territorial secretary,[3] it was created in 1873 by the Dakota territorial legislature. The boundaries were finalized in 1882, the year it was organized.[4]

Geography[edit]

The terrain of Hand County consists of rolling hills, dotted with infrequent ponds and small lakes. Most of the area is devoted to agriculture;[5] the terrain slopes to the east and northeast; its highest point is on the lower part of the county's west boundary line, at 2,080' (634m) ASL.[6] The county contains a total area of 1,440 square miles (3,700 km2), of which 1,437 square miles (3,720 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Collins State Game Production Area
  • Dakota State Game Production Area
  • East Pearl State Game Production Area
  • Hawkins State Game Production Area
  • Lake Jones State Game Production Area
  • Lake Louise State Game Production Area
  • Lake Louise State Recreation Area
  • Lechtenberg State Game Production Area
  • Reinhardt State Game Production Area
  • Rosehill State Game Production Area
  • Spring Lake State Game Production Area
  • West Pearl State Game Production Area

Lakes[5][edit]

  • Costigan Slough Lake
  • Jones Lake
  • Lake Louise
  • Matter Lake
  • Spring Lake
  • Wall Lake

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880153
18906,3464,047.7%
19004,525−28.7%
19107,87073.9%
19208,77811.5%
19309,4858.1%
19407,166−24.4%
19507,149−0.2%
19606,712−6.1%
19705,883−12.4%
19804,948−15.9%
19904,272−13.7%
20003,741−12.4%
20103,431−8.3%
Est. 20183,262[8]−4.9%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 3,741 people, 1,543 households, and 1,050 families in the county; the population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,840 housing units at an average density of 1.3 per square mile (0.5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.30% White, 0.03% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.13% from other races, and 0.32% from two or more races. 0.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,543 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 4.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.90% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.

The county population contained 24.60% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 24.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,377, and the median income for a family was $38,017. Males had a median income of $26,335 versus $16,181 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,735. About 6.10% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,431 people, 1,494 households, and 972 families residing in the county;[14] the population density was 2.4 inhabitants per square mile (0.93/km2). There were 1,815 housing units at an average density of 1.3 per square mile (0.50/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 98.4% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 57.3% were German, 15.3% were Irish, 9.0% were Norwegian, 8.1% were English, 6.1% were Dutch, and 3.4% were American.[16]

Of the 1,494 households, 23.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.9% were non-families, and 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 48.2 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $45,895 and the median income for a family was $52,407. Males had a median income of $40,725 versus $24,844 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,238. About 11.4% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 16.5% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Communities[edit]

Incorporated communities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[5][edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Alden
  • Alpha
  • Bates
  • Burdette
  • Campbell
  • Carlton
  • Cedar
  • Como
  • Florence
  • Gilbert
  • Glendale
  • Grand
  • Greenleaf
  • Hiland
  • Holden
  • Hulbert
  • Linn
  • Logan
  • Midland
  • Miller
  • Mondamin
  • Ohio
  • Ontario
  • Park
  • Pearl
  • Plato
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Ree Heights
  • Riverside
  • Rockdale
  • Rose Hill
  • St. Lawrence
  • Spring Hill
  • Spring Lake
  • Wheaton
  • York

Unorganized territory[edit]

The county contains one area of unorganized territory: Northwest Hand.

Politics[edit]

Hand County voters have voted Republican for many decades. In only one national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 76.5% 1,391 18.4% 334 5.1% 93
2012 67.2% 1,242 31.1% 575 1.7% 31
2008 62.0% 1,247 35.7% 718 2.3% 46
2004 67.8% 1,482 30.5% 668 1.7% 37
2000 69.9% 1,419 27.8% 565 2.3% 47
1996 52.3% 1,187 35.4% 803 12.3% 278
1992 44.4% 1,130 30.8% 785 24.8% 631
1988 56.7% 1,461 42.7% 1,101 0.6% 16
1984 70.3% 2,030 29.3% 846 0.4% 10
1980 67.4% 2,066 26.2% 803 6.4% 197
1976 50.4% 1,510 49.3% 1,477 0.2% 7
1972 57.9% 1,806 41.9% 1,307 0.2% 6
1968 54.8% 1,650 37.7% 1,136 7.5% 226
1964 48.4% 1,466 51.6% 1,563
1960 57.3% 1,872 42.7% 1,397
1956 55.4% 1,804 44.6% 1,453
1952 70.7% 2,262 29.3% 937
1948 50.5% 1,402 49.2% 1,367 0.3% 9
1944 57.6% 1,558 42.4% 1,146
1940 55.5% 2,002 44.5% 1,608
1936 39.8% 1,289 53.2% 1,721 7.0% 227
1932 34.0% 1,394 64.8% 2,658 1.3% 53
1928 63.3% 2,430 36.4% 1,397 0.4% 14
1924 54.0% 1,727 21.6% 690 24.4% 781
1920 61.1% 1,511 26.5% 655 12.5% 308
1916 45.0% 801 50.8% 905 4.3% 76
1912 0.0% 0 48.7% 826 51.3% 869
1908 51.6% 851 39.7% 655 8.7% 144
1904 67.5% 943 12.2% 170 20.3% 284
1900 49.1% 592 49.2% 594 1.7% 21
1896 44.0% 451 55.3% 567 0.8% 8
1892 44.5% 526 5.9% 70 49.6% 587

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 148.
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; the Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d Hand County SD Google Maps (accessed 3 February 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed February 3, 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.

Coordinates: 44°33′N 99°00′W / 44.55°N 99.00°W / 44.55; -99.00