Sigtuna Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Märsta 37 km north of the Swedish capital, Stockholm; the municipality is a part of Metropolitan Stockholm. The municipality consists of several former local government units and was formed in 1971, it got its name from the small, but old, City of Sigtuna, but the seat was placed in the larger modern town of Märsta. The three towns of the municipality are Märsta and Rosersberg, of which Märsta is the municipal seat and Sigtuna with its old and important history is a popular tourist destination. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 20 291, or 43.04% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 9 426, or 26.35% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 47 146 residents in Sigtuna, of which 15 268 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
In the municipality lies the largest workplace in Sweden, the Arlanda Airport, with 13,000 employees in 200 companies. As a result, Siguna is travelled through by 18,300,000 visitors yearly, has the fourth most hotel stays, following to the commercial and regional centres Stockholm and Malmö. Swedavia, the Swedish airport management company, has its head office on the airport property. Scandinavian Airlines had its head office on the airport property; the municipality is twinned with: Sønderborg Municipality in Denmark Rakvere in Estonia Raisio in Finland Porsgrunn in Norway Official website
Södertälje is a city and the seat of Södertälje Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden. As of 2016, it has a population of 71,774 inhabitants; the industrial city, about 30 kilometers southwest of Stockholm, is the home to truck maker Scania AB and one of the manufacturing arms of pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca. Its research and development facility was closed in 2012, its former facility was sold to a consortium of PEAB and Acturum, the acquisition department of the Wallenberg Foundation. More than 40 percent of Södertälje's inhabitants have foreign backgrounds, this proportion increases by 1.5 percent per year. Assyrians/Syriacs are the largest groups of immigrants in Södertälje. Prior to 600 AD, the lake Mälaren was connected to the sea. Due to land elevation, the lake was cut off, boats had to be dragged over land to and from the lake; this demanded labour. The name Tälje or Telge is first attested in the 11th century, it is derived from Old Swedish *talgh with the meaning'indentation', referring to the long and narrow inlets connecting the city with the Baltic Sea and Mälaren.
To resolve a name conflict with another town, founded north of Stockholm in the 17th century, Söder was added to create Södertälje. In the 18th century Södertälje had a charter. Due to the Great Northern War and a series of plague epidemics, the population of the city dipped to above 200. In its December 2015 and 2017 reports, Police in Sweden placed the Ronna/Geneta/Lina district in the most severe category of urban areas with high crime rates; the first Aramaic-speaking immigrants arrived in 1967 as refugees from Turkey and were invited to settle here as workers for the understaffed factories in the area. However, the small community skyrocketed within a decade due to the PKK insurgency against the Turkish State during the 1980s which displaced tens of thousands of Aramaic-speaking immigrants because it made the region they lived in, known as Tur Abdin, unsafe for them. In more recent times, the Iraqi insurgency, the Syrian Civil War have caused the Aramaic-speaking immigrant community to grow larger.
In the city, Aramaic-speaking immigrants have five churches, two bishops, two soccer teams, several shops, an Assyrian/Syriac Aramean association and the headquarters of the Syriac language TV Channels Suroyo TV and Suryoyo Sat. Outside of the Aramaic-speaking immigrant community, other immigrant groups are from Finland and former Yugoslavia. During the Iraq war 1,500 Mandaeans fled to Södertälje, now make up one of the largest communities of Mandaeans in the world. However, not many Muslim immigrants live in Södertälje, as they suffer hate crimes by the Arameans of the city, who were oppressed by Muslims in the Middle East; the most spoken languages in Södertälje besides Swedish, the national language, are Turoyo, Neo-Aramaic and Arabic. To a lesser extent and Serbian are relatively common second languages. In the 2011-13 period, about 58% of the population in the Hovsjö district originated outside the EU and the Nordic Countries, at the time the highest share of all districts in Sweden along with Herrgården district in Malmö.
In 2017, Södertälje was one of three municipalities in Sweden with a population majority of foreign background. Foreign background is defined as being either born abroad or having both parents born abroad. Truck manufacturer Scania AB has its main location in Södertälje, it is one of the main sites for pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca. The port of Södertälje is the second in the Stockholm region. Volkswagen Group has its Swedish headquarters located in Södertälje, Lantmännen Axa Foodservice AB is located in Järna 10 km south of Södertälje. In basketball, Södertälje BBK, SBBK is one of the best in the country, Södertalje KINGS became Swedish Champions in 2013, 2014 and 2015. In total SBBK has got 10 Gold for the male team Södertalje KINGS and 12 Gold for the female team Telge Basket. SBBK has in total 132 Swedish Championships since the star in 1968. Täljehallen is the home for SBBK; the city is home to Södertälje SK, a classic and successful ice hockey team playing in Sweden's second highest league – HockeyAllsvenskan with Scaniarinken as their home arena.
Assyriska FF and Syrianska FC are two successful football clubs started in 1974 and 1977. They play in Södertälje Fotbollsarena. Södertälje Storm Rugby League club are a pioneering Rugby league team, playing in the Swedish National Rugby League, formed in 2015. There is an indoor swimming arena. It's called "Sydpoolen"; the town is situated on a bay of Lake Mälaren, here connected with the Baltic Sea by the Södertälje Canal, 35 miles in length, with a minimum depth of 20 ft. This is on the route followed by the Göta Canal steamboats between Gothenburg, it was opened in 1819 and much enlarged in 1924, though a canal was begun here in the first half of the 15th century at the instigation of the patriot Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson. Södertälje, the rest of Stockholm region has a humid continental climate and displays four distinct seasons. Due to the city's high northerly latitude, daylight varies from more than 18 hours around midsummer, to only around 6 hours in midwinter. Södertälje has much warmer and sunnier weather than other locations at the same latitude because of the influence of Gulf Stream.
The city enjoys 1,981 hours of sunshine annually. Summers have an average daytime high temperatures of 20–23 °C and lows of around 15 °C
This article covers only the area of Nacka's municipal seat. See Nacka Municipality for other parts. Nacka is part of Stockholm urban area in Sweden; the municipality's name harks back to a 16th-century industrial operation established by the Crown at Nacka farmstead where conditions for water mills are good. However, somewhat confusingly, that spot is not densely populated today and the municipal seat is on land that once belonged to Järla farmstead on the other side of Lake Järla. On 9 December 2014, Stockholm police raided a data center in a former bomb shelter under a hill in Nacka municipality. Although it was rumored the raid targeted popular torrent site The Pirate Bay, officials from The Pirate Bay have revealed that this is false. Greenwich, Connecticut Sickla Köpkvarter – a retail park and shopping district in Nacka
Ekerö is a locality and the seat of Ekerö Municipality in Stockholm County, with 11,524 inhabitants in 2017. It is an alternative name of the island Ekerön, on which the Ekerö urban area is situated; the following sports clubs are located in Ekerö: Ekerö IK Skå IK Mälaröarnas Ridklubb MäRK Ekerö TK Carolina Gynning, glamour model Ewa Björling, politician Olof K. Gustafsson, businessman Ekeby oak tree Ekerö travel guide from Wikivoyage
Södertörn is a triangular peninsula and artificial island in eastern Södermanland, bordered by: Lake Mälaren and the inlet of Saltsjön to the north, Himmerfjärden and Hallsfjärden to the west and The Baltic Sea to the east and the south. The Södertälje Canal to the south west; this canal is man-made, so the area isn't separated from the mainland by nature. Since 2005, the whole of Södertörn has been included in Metropolitan Stockholm. Before that, the southern parts of the island, which lie within Nynäshamn Municipality, the western parts, which are in Södertälje Municipality, were – although in Stockholm County – not included in the metropolitan area; the northern areas of Södertörn are to a large extent made up of rift-valley countryside with high ground, either pine forest or bare. The long valleys of the south become level ground; the waters surrounding the area are either brackish water with poor salinity. The bedrock is entirely gneiss, its name derives from the Old Norse dialect word tor, meaning "broken rocky beaches", which cut deep into the coast of Södertörn.
The highest point on Södertörn is Tornberget in Haninge at 110.9 metres above sea level. It is located in Hanveden, a large area of coniferous forest south of Stockholm, whose eastern areas form the Tyresta National Park; the southernmost parts of Södertörn were connected to Stockholm in 1901, when the Nynäs Line was opened. The railway runs between Nynäshamn in the south and Älvsjö in the north, where it joins with the main southern railway. Botkyrka Haninge Huddinge Nacka Nynäshamn Salem Stockholm Södertälje TyresöAll these municipalities are located both in Stockholm County and the province Södermanland. Though incorrect, the two remaining municipalities to fulfil these criteria — Södertälje and Nykvarn — both located west of Södertälje Canal, are sometimes thought of as part of Södertörn. Södertörn University College
Nykvarn is a locality and since 1999 the seat of Nykvarn Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden with 7,560 inhabitants in 2017. 1971-1998 it was a part of Södertälje Municipality. Nykvarn is the hometown of such bands as Hyena Breed, Feed Filiph, From Zero to Hero and Aldiureep, as well as Stanley Cup winner Carl Hagelin; the city hosts the annual rock- and metalfestival called Moshpit Open Festival
Ekerö Municipality is a municipality in the province of Uppland in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. The name derives from the name of the main island within the municipality whose name is Ekerön, means "Oak Island", its seat is located in the town of Ekerö. The King of Sweden resides at Drottningholm Palace. Ekerö is the only municipality in the Lake Mälaren region composed of islands. Land elevation has reduced the number of islands and skerries to 140, the largest of which, distinguished on the map below, are Adelsö, Munsö, Ekerö, Färingsö, Lovö. 2000 years ago, during the Roman Iron Age, Färingsön was more of an archipelago of twenty islands. When the first local government acts were implemented in Sweden in 1863, eight rural municipalities were created, each corresponding to an old parish; the municipal reform of 1952 grouped them in two new larger entities. The next reform in 1971 merged them into the present municipality; the municipality contains two UNESCO World Heritage Sites. One is Birka, an old Viking Age village, the other is Drottningholm Palace and its surroundings.
Drottningholm, located on the Lovö island, was a Renaissance palace built by King John III for Queen Catherine Jagellon. On December 30, 1661 the old palace burned down. Queen Dowager Hedvig Eleonora had a new palace erected out of the preserved walls and cellar vaults from King John III:s palace in the French Baroque style to the design of architect Nicodemus Tessin the Elder, a work completed by Nicodemus Tessin the Younger, Carl Hårleman, Jean Eric Rehn. Since 1981 it is the permanent residence of the royal family, but large parts of the park are accessible to the public; the palace features several uniquely preserved structures, including the Palace Theatre, inaugurated in 1766 and still delivering operas using the preserved original machinery. Birka on the Björkö island is the oldest urban structure in Sweden, founded in the mid 8th century. In the 9th century, Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen, made two failed attempts to convert its inhabitants; the settlement was abandoned in the late 10th century for unknown reasons.
The excavations of the 1.100 graves in the area started in 1871 and have continued since. A museum was created in 1995, in summers various boats carry large numbers of tourists to the island. Other historical sights of interest are several runestones and other Viking remains, eight medieval churches, old towns.. On the Adelsö Island is Hovgården, together with Birka a world heritage site, featuring barrows, thick walls, runestones. There is Alsnö hus, the ruins of the summer residence of Magnus Barnlock were the Ordinance of Alsnö created the foundation of the Swedish nobility, a Romanesque church from the 12th century. Next to this Crown palace is the residential area Drottningholmsmalmen which draws its history back to the Torvesund manor built in 1579-80 and which served as a place of refuge for the Jesuits following the Reformation. During the 18th century, soldiers and other craftsmen working at The Royal Palace settled in the area. Intentions were to develop it into a suburb to the palace like at the Versailles Palace, this end the area was granted the status of a city to attract entrepreneurs and artists to the royal court.
During the reign of King Gustav III had several building erected, including the Långa raden to accommodate the royal life guard. By 1815 78 properties existed in the area. However, it failed to develop in the direction sketched-out by Gustav III, instead evolved into a summer residence area inhabited by wealthy burghers, the large-scales villas in a wide range of styles have given the area its characteristics. In the middle of the 20th century several buildings by well-known Swedish architects, including Nils Tesch, Ralph Erskine, Peter Celsing and Bengt Lindroos, were added. Kanton is a group of twenty buildings next to the Chinese Pavilion built in the 1750s and 1760s, intended to be a mercantile prototype settlement. 70-80 people lived there for a few decades producing luxury items for the royal court and the nobility, including some of the interior of the China Pavillin. The buildings inspired author Elsa Beskow to some of her fairy tales. Kungshatt is a rocky island south of Lovön where, according to a legend, a king Erik Väderhatt, so named because of his fortune with the winds which he could foretell with his hat, escaped his enemies by jumping from the cliff with his horse.
The location for this event was furnished with a copper hat, now substituted with an iron hat. Svartsjö Palace was a Folkung mansion; the palace King Gustav I and his sons had built here was destroyed by fire in 1687. The rococo palace, built 1735-39 to the design of Carl Hårleman and expanded by Queen Louisa Ulrika, was neglected for centuries before being restored, its Baroque and English gardens are preserved. Hilleshög Church is a Romanesque edifice, built in granite and brick, with some parts from the 17th and 18th centuries and additions. Many of the paintings in the interior, dating back to the end of the 13th century and the early 15th century, were painted over in the 18th century but were restored in the 1920s and in 2002, together with some of the furniture. Ekebyhov is a real estate created around 1630, its main building, Ekebyhov Palace, is a wooden structure begun in 1674 and completed in 1704. It is the oldest preserved wooden palace in Europe; the gardens of the palace boasts several unique plants and features a café