Henry Louis Stram was an American football coach. He is best known for his 15-year tenure with the Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football League and National Football League. Stram won three AFL championships, more than any other coach in the league's history, he won Super Bowl IV with the Chiefs, thus earning the 1969 World Championship of Professional Football. He coached the most victories, had the most post-season games and the best post-season record in the AFL. Stram is responsible for the introduction of Gatorade to the NFL due to his close association with Ray Graves, coach at the University of Florida during Gatorade's development and infancy. Stram never had an offensive coordinator, defensive coordinator, or special teams coach during his career with the Texans and Chiefs. Stram was born in Chicago on January 3, 1923, his Polish-born father, Henry Wilczek, wrestled professionally under the name Stram and the family name was changed accordingly. He grew up in Gary and graduated from Lew Wallace High School class of 1941.
He earned seven letters playing football and baseball and joined the Sigma Chi fraternity at Purdue in the 1940s, playing in 1942 and again in 1946 and 1947. Stram served in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II, interrupting his university career, he was an assistant football coach for the Boilermakers from 1948 to 1955 and the head baseball coach from 1951 to 1955. In 1996, Stram and Len Dawson were inducted into the Purdue Athletic Hall of Fame. After coaching at Purdue, Stram was an assistant at Notre Dame, Southern Methodist University, Miami. In 1959, Lamar Hunt recruited Stram to coach his Dallas Texans in the new AFL, which commenced play in 1960. Hunt had been a bench player at SMU when Stram had been coaching there and the Texans' position had been turned down by Bud Wilkinson and Tom Landry an assistant at the New York Giants; the Texans played their first game in the new AFL in September 1960 and proved to be successful from the beginning. In 1962, the Texans won the AFL championship.
The Texans won the championship against the Houston Oilers 20-17 in what was the longest professional football championship game played. Tommy Brooker kicked a field goal at 17:54 of overtime to win the game for the Texans and stop the Oilers from winning their third straight title; the Dallas Texans continued their success. In 1966, they won the AFL title again on the back of one of the best defensive teams in the history of professional football featuring three hall of famers and eight all star players; the Chiefs defeated the Buffalo Bills 31–7 in Buffalo. The Chiefs played the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl I with the Packers winning 35–10. To overcome the Chiefs' defense, Packers' coach Vince Lombardi used a short passing game which proved successful, with quarterback Bart Starr becoming the first Super Bowl MVP. In a 1968 game against the Oakland Raiders in Kansas City, the Chiefs entered the game without a healthy wide receiver ready to play. Stram resurrected the T formation; the Chiefs won the game 24-10 running the ball 60 times for over 300 yards while passing only three times for 16 yards.
The Kansas City Chiefs won the AFL championship again in 1969. In Super Bowl IV, his ingenious innovations, the "moving pocket" and the "triple-stack defense", dominated the Minnesota Vikings on both sides of the ball. In the Super Bowl, Stram became the first professional football coach to wear a microphone. Stram's recorded comments from that game have become classics: "Just keep matriculatin' the ball down the field, boys.", "How could all six of you miss that play?" "65 Toss Power Trap", "Kassulke was running around there like it was a Chinese fire drill", his assessment of the Vikings' ineffectual play: "You can't do that in OUR league!". In the clip where he asks a referee "How could all six of you miss that play?" the referee's response leads the confused Stram to mutter, "No. What?" The Super Bowl victory was the second straight by a team from the AFL and added credibility to the newer league, which would complete a planned merger with the NFL the following season. In 1971, the Chiefs won the AFC Western Division championship.
The Miami Dolphins defeated the Chiefs on Christmas Day 1971. The teams played the longest game in the history of professional football. After that, the Chiefs did not enjoy the same success, resulting in Stram leaving the franchise. Stram's tenure in Kansas City ended with a 35–15 loss at home to the same Viking team the Chiefs defeated in Super Bowl IV. Following a 5-9 finish in the 1974 season, at the time the worst record in franchise history, Stram was fired. Stram became the head coach of the New Orleans Saints in 1976, but posted losing records in his two seasons, 4–10 & 3–11. Hampering Stram's efforts to rebuild the pathetic Saints was a severe elbow injury to quarterback Archie Manning, who missed the entire 1976 season and parts of the 1977 campaign. Stram had to deal with continuous discipline problems caused by his leading rusher, Chuck Muncie, in the early stages of a cocaine addiction which would lead to his trade in 1980 from New Orleans to the San Diego Chargers; the biggest highlight of his New Orleans tenure was a 27–17 win over his former team, the Kansas City Chiefs, at Arrowhead Stadium in 1976, Stram's first victory with the Saints.
The 1977 campaign culminated in an historic home loss to the winless Tampa Bay Buccaneers who were riding a 26-game losing streak over two seasons. Stram took the loss hard.
Lucy Montgomery is an English comedian and writer. While at Cambridge University, Montgomery was a member of the Footlights, its amateur theatrical club. Subsequently, she studied at the Central School of Drama. Montgomery built her career as one third of Comedy Theatre Company Population 3, along with James Bachman and Barunka O'Shaughnessy, she appeared as a roving reporter for the comic television programme The Friday Night Project. Other television work has included Bo' Selecta!, The Mighty Boosh, The IT Crowd. Montgomery has been heard in several Radio 4 programmes, including the radio phone-in spoof Down the Line and Wendy's Wet Weekends, The Way We Live Right Now, The Museum of Everything, The Department, Another Case of Milton Jones, The Party Line, Harry Hill's Ghost of a Christmas Present, The Pits, the Torchwood story "Lost Souls" and Lucy Montgomery's Variety Pack, she was the voice of Jeanine and other female characters in the Animated Puppetoon children's television series A Town Called Panic.
In 2005, Montgomery began writing for and performing in the comedy sketch show Tittybangbang on BBC Three. The sketch comedy series stars Debbie Chazen and has had three series, from 2005 to late 2007, she was in The Armstrong and Miller Show on BBC One, Bellamy's People on BBC Two. She has been on The Law of the Playground and The Wall on BBC Three, produced a pilot for her own sketch show pilot for the BBC called The Full Montgomery which went on to run on Radio 4 for two series, she provided the voice of Destiny in Mongrels. She voiced for the series Badly Dubbed Porn on Comedy Central, she has starred in many stage productions, including leads in record-breaking and critically acclaimed Jerusalem with Mark Rylance at the Royal Court in 2009, the 2011–12 revival of Stephen Sondheim's Company at the Sheffield Crucible and Canvas at the Chichester Festival in 2012. Montgomery appeared in the musical Viva Forever!, based on the music of the Spice Girls. Montgomery had various roles in The Life of Rock with Brian Pern and Harry and Paul's History of BBC 2.
The Original Pinettes Brass Band are a New Orleans brass band. Consisting of women, they are the city's only all-female brass band; the band was founded in 1991 at a Catholic girls' school. Taking direction from band director Jeffery C. Herbert, they began playing New Orleans-style jazz. At the school's spring concert in 1992, the band played the song "Freedom" by the Rebirth Brass Band and the crowd response led the musicians more toward contemporary brass band music rather than traditional New Orleans jazz, he dubbed the band the Pinettes Brass Band, a feminization of the name of his own band, the Original Pinstripe Brass Band. For the 1993-94 school year, Herbert left St. Mary's to direct the band at John McDonogh High School, but he continued to manage the Pinettes after they graduated from St. Mary's. In 1998, he left New Orleans to become assistant band director at Southern University in Baton Rouge, at which point management was turned over to the band members. During this period, the Pinettes played in second line and released a cassette tape, which garnered them little success outside New Orleans.
The Pinettes have had a much turnover in membership over the years. When Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans on August 29, 2005, band members were forced to relocate; when they began to return to the city, bandleader Christie Jourdain took leadership of the band and made an effort to recruit new band members because some members were unable or unwilling to come back to New Orleans. After a dispute with some of the former band members, they changed their name to "The Original Pinettes Brass Band."In 2013, after twenty-two years as a band, the Pinettes released their debut full-length CD titled Finally. They hold a popular Friday-night residency at Bullet's Sports Bar in the Seventh Ward. In October 2013, the Original Pinettes Brass Band won the Red Bull Street Kings competition. Facing three other prominent New Orleans brass bands, the Pinettes not only won the title, but changed it to "Street Queens." Kyle DeCoste, Street Queens: New Orleans Brass Bands and the Problem of Intersectionality Kyle DeCoste, Street Queens: The Original Pinettes and Black Feminism in New Orleans Brass Bands Matt Sakakeeny, Roll With It: Brass Bands in the Streets of New Orleans John Swenson, The Original Pinettes Brass Band: Brass-Pop Sherrie Tucker, A Feminist Perspective on New Orleans Jazz Women