Per Olof Sundman
Per Olof Sundman was a Swedish writer and politician. Sundman was born in Vaxholm. After World War II, Sundman was elected to the Riksdag. Per Olof Sundman released his first book in 1957 and soon became a successful writer internationally, his writing has been compared to that of Ernest Hemingway. In 1968, Sundman received the Nordic Council's Literature Prize for his 1967 novel Ingenjör Andrées luftfärd and in 1975, he became a member of the Swedish Academy, seat 6, his seat is now held by Tomas Riad. Hinchliffe, Ian; the documentary novel: fact, fiction, or fraud?: an examination of three Scandinavian examples of the documentary novels from the 1960s and 1970s. Boston Spa: British Library Document Supply Centre. Libris 1966896. McGregor, Rick. Per Olof Sundman and the Icelandic sagas: a study of narrative method. Skrifter utgivna av Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen vid Göteborgs universitet, 0348-4653. Göteborg: Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen, Univ. Libris 7756431. ISBN 91-86270-33-8. Warme, Lars G..
Per Olof Sundman: writer of the North. Contributions to the study of world literature, 0738-9345. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. Libris 4802505. ISBN 0-313-24346-8
Ivar Lo-Johansson was a Swedish writer of the proletarian school. His autobiographical 1979 memoir, won the Nordic Council's Literature Prize in 1979. Lo-Johansson was born in Ösmo in a family of bound agricultural labourers, he wrote over 50 proletarian novels and short-stories, all of which carried vivid portrayals of working-class people. He described the situation of the Swedish land-workers, statare, in his novels, short stories and journalism, which encouraged the adoption of certain land reforms in Sweden, he caused much controversy with his features on old-age pensioners and other non-privileged people. He died, aged 89, in Stockholm. Lo-Johansson first came to the literary fore in the mid-1930s with the publication of his short story collections, his stories were infused with realistic and detailed depictions of the plight of landless Swedish peasants, known as statare. The first of his short stories collection to be published was Statarna I–II, followed by his Jordproletärerna (1941. Autobiographical to a large extent, these works were more than one man's story.
They were a potent attack on the prevalent social conditions the inequality in Swedish society. Lo-Johansson's books combined political astuteness and literary craftsmanship to such a competent degree that they are regarded as the stimulant behind the labor movement that led to the abolition of indentured farm labor in 1945. Lo-Johansson is best known for his vivid recollections of the life in Swedish trade-unionist and literary circles of the twenties and forties, he continued throughout his long life to insist that literature should face the world from the under-dog's perspective. Lo-Johansson's works are characterized by a vivid expression of individual human suffering. A great example of this motif is character of the farm servant's wife in Only A Mother, he explored the conflict between individualism and collectivism extensively in his autobiographical series of eight novels. He published the series in the 1950s with The Illiterate, he published the last book in the series, The Proletarian Writer in 1960.
In the 1970s he wrote numerous short stories dealing with the seven deadly sins. In the 1980s he wrote several memoirs. Ivar Los park on Mariaberget, Stockholm is named after him. There is a 1991 bronze bust of Lo-Johansson by Nils Möllerberg in the park on Bastugatan; the Ivar Lo Society preserves his apartment in Stockholm as a museum. The Stockholm city library describes Lo-Johansson as "one of our greatest proletarian writers" and an "innovator of Swedish realistic prose, engaged with social issues like care of the elderly and the question of tied labour." Vagabondliv i Frankrike Kolet i våld. Skisser från de engelska gruvarbetarnas värld Ett lag historier Nederstigen i dödsriket. Fem veckor i Londons fattigvärld Zigenare. En sommar på det hemlösa folkets vandringsstigar Mina städers ansikten Jag tvivlar på idrotten Måna är död Godnatt, jord Kungsgatan Statarna Jordproletärerna Bara en mor Traktorn Geniet "En proletärförfattares självbiografi" Analfabeten Gårdfarihandlaren Stockholmaren Journalisten Författaren Socialisten Soldaten Proletärförfattaren Elektra Kvinna år 2070 "Passionssviten" Lyckan Astronomens hus Ordets makt Lastbara berättelser Memoirs Pubertet.
Asfalt. Tröskeln. Frihet. Till en författare Skriva för livet Blå jungfrun Tisteldalen
Tampere is a city in Pirkanmaa, southern Finland. It is the most populous inland city in the Nordic countries. Tampere has a population of 235,615 with the urban area holding 334,112 people and the metropolitan area known as the Tampere sub-region, holding 385,301 inhabitants in an area of 4,970 km2. Tampere is the second-largest urban area and third most-populous individual municipality in Finland, after the cities of Helsinki and Espoo. It's the most populous Finnish city outside the Greater Helsinki area and a major urban and cultural hub for central Finland. Tampere is wedged between Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi. Since the two lakes differ in level by 18 metres, the rapids linking them, have been an important power source throughout history, most for generating electricity. Tampere is dubbed the "Manchester of Finland" for its industrial past as the former center of Finnish industry, this has given rise to its Finnish nickname "Manse" and terms such as "Manserock". Helsinki is 160 kilometres south of Tampere, can be reached in 1h 31m by Pendolino high-speed rail service and 2 hours by car.
The distance to Turku is the same. Tampere–Pirkkala Airport is Finland's eighth-busiest airport, with over 230,000 passengers in 2017. Although the name Tampere is derived from the Tammerkoski rapids, the origin of the Tammer- part of that name has been the subject of much debate. Ánte accepts the "straightforward" etymology of Rahkonen and Heikkilä in Proto-Samic *Tëmpël, *tëmpël meaning "deep, slow section of a stream" and *kōškë "rapids". Other theories include. Another suggestion links the name to the Swedish word Kvatemberdagar, or more colloquially Tamperdagar, meaning the Ember days of the Western Christian liturgical calendar; the Finnish word for oak, tammi features in the speculation, although Tampere is situated outside the natural distribution range of the European oak and the town was founded by Swedes, which makes this explanation less plausible. Tampere was founded as a market place on the banks of the Tammerkoski channel in 1775 by Gustav III of Sweden and four years 1 October 1779, Tampere was granted full city rights.
At this time, it was a rather small town, consisting of only a few square kilometres of land around the rapids. Tampere grew as industrial centre in the 19th century. Tampere was the centre of many important political events of Finland in the early 20th century. On 1 November 1905, during the general strike, the famous Red Declaration was proclaimed on Keskustori. In 1918, after Finland had gained independence, Tampere played a major role, being one of the strategically important sites during the Civil War in Finland. Tampere was a red stronghold during the war, with Hugo Salmela in command. White forces captured the town after the Battle of Tampere, seizing about 10,000 Red prisoners on 6 April 1918. Prevalent in Tampere's post-World War II municipal politics was the Brothers-in-Arms Axis. After World War II, Tampere was enlarged by joining some neighbouring areas. Messukylä was incorporated in 1947, Lielahti in 1950, Aitolahti in 1966 and Teisko in 1972. Tampere was known for its textile and metal industries, but these have been replaced by information technology and telecommunications during the 1990s.
The technology centre Hermia in Hervanta is home to many companies in these fields. Tampere is part of the Pirkanmaa region and is surrounded by the municipalities of Kangasala, Lempäälä, Orivesi, Ruovesi, Ylöjärvi. Tampere has an isolated humid continental climate in the downtown area due to heat island but the most remote neighborhoods or neighboring cities have a continental subarctic climate border as in the Tampere–Pirkkala Airport with only 3 months above 10 °C. Winters are cold and the average temperature from November to March is below 0 °C. Summers are cool to warm. On average, the snow season lasts 4–5 months from late November to early April. Considering it being at the subarctic threshold and inland, winters are on average quite mild for the classification, as is the annual mean temperature; the Tampere region, which includes outlying municipalities, has around 509,000 residents, 244,000 employed people, a turnover of 28 billion euros as of 2014. According to the Tampere International Business Office, the area is strong in mechanical engineering and automation and communication technologies, health and biotechnology, as well as pulp and paper industry education.
Unemployment rate was 14.8% in June 2017. There are four institutions of higher education in the Tampere area totaling 40,000 students: two universities and two polytechnic institutions; the universities are University of Tampere, which has more than 16,000 students and is located right next to the city center, Tampere University of Technology, which has more than 12,000 students and is located in Hervanta. The regional polytechnic institution is the Tampere University of Applied Sciences, which has about 10,000 students; the Police University College, the polytechnic institution serving all of Finland in its field of specialization, is located in Tampere. Three of these institutions, TUT, UTA, TAMK are merging into a new Tam
Sara Lidman was a Swedish writer. Born in the village Missenträsk in the northern parts of Skellefteå Municipality, Lidman was raised in the Västerbotten region of northern Sweden, she studied at the University of Uppsala where her studies were interrupted when she contracted tuberculosis. She achieved her first great success with the novel Tjärdalen. In this novel and in her second novel Hjortronlandet she depicts themes such as alienation and loneliness. In her early novels, she focused on the difficult conditions for poor farmers in the northern Swedish province Västerbotten during the nineteenth century. Sara Lidman is arguably one of the most important writers of the Swedish language in the twentieth century; this is so because of her innovative way of combining the spoken vernaculars with Biblical language in a way tied to a certain kind of popular imaginary, while integrating the worldly and the spiritual. In connection with her first four novels, she wrote extensively on political subjects, always with a socialist tendency.
She engaged in protest against apartheid in South Africa. She supported the influential miners strikes of 1969–1970 and was active in the Communist the environmentalist movements. Between 1977 and 1985, she wrote a series of seven novels that dealing with the colonization process of the North of Sweden, she was awarded a number of prizes, including the Nordic Council's Literature Prize for her work Vredens barn. Tjärdalen, 1953. Hjortronlandet, 1955. Regnspiran, 1958. Translated by Elspeth Harley Schubert, Hutchinson, 1963 Bära mistel, 1960. Jag och min son, 1961. Med fem diamanter, 1964. 1971. Samtal i Hanoi, 1966, Reporting. 1967. Gruva, 1968, Interviews. Marta, Marta, 1970, Drama. Din tjänare hör, 1977. Vredens barn, 1979. Nabots sten, 1981. Translated by Joan Tate, Norvik Press, 1989 Den underbare mannen, 1983. Järnkronan, 1985. Lifsens rot, 1996. Oskuldens minut, 1999. Kropp och själ, 2003
Antti Elias Tuuri is a Finnish writer, known for his works dealing with Southern Ostrobothnia. The Äitini-suku-series tells the stories of the Finns, he received the J. H. Erkko Award in 1971 for Asioiden suhteet ja Lauantaina illalla, The Nordic Council's Literature Prize in 1985 for Pohjanmaa, the Finlandia Prize in 1997 for his novel Lakeuden kutsu. Tuuri has translated some Icelandic sagas. Many of his novels have been made into films including Rukajärven tie known as "Ambush" in English, about the Continuation War 1941-44 in Karelia and Talvisota, the Winter War 1939-1940. Biography at publisher's website
Karl Vennberg was a Swedish poet and translator. Born in Blädinge, Alvesta Municipality, Kronoberg County as the son of a farmer, Vennberg studied at Lund University and in Stockholm and worked as a teacher of Norwegian in a Stockholm folk high school, his first poem "Hymn och hunger" was published in 1937. During his career, he published 20 collections of poetry, his literary criticism had an important influence on the Swedish literary scene. He translated literary works into Swedish, among others Franz Kafka's The Trial. Considered a leading Swedish Modernist poet, several dissertations has been written about Vennberg's works, his poems are analytical but often make use of irony. Vennberg is said to be influenced by T. S. Eliot, it has been argued by some, such as poet Lars Gustafsson and politician Per Ahlmark, that Vennberg expressed support for fascism and nazism. However, these accusations were revealed to be based on quotes taken out of context, the truth is that Vennberg held strong anti-fascist views.
Per Meurling, a close friend of Vennberg's, quoted him as saying: "One can understand, or try to understand, all that lives and the way it changes. But how can one grasp the infinite roughness and wickedness of Hitler? For me, nazism is, has always been, the most repulsive thing I have seen in my life." Vennberg was a member of the Swedish Clarté League, a socialist students' organization which resolutely opposed fascism and nazism in the 1930s and 1940s. During the early Cold War, Vennberg was an adherent of the so-called "third stance" in Swedish public debate, which advocated a neutral stance in the conflict between the two superpowers. Despite this, he participated in a gathering at the USSR embassy in Stockholm where he praised the "cultural upbuilding" in the USSR. In 1948, he participated in the World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace in Wrocław, where he was elected to the International Committee of Intellectuals in Defence of Peace. Karl Vennberg won a number of literary prizes during his career: Samfundet De Nios pris, 1956 The Bellman Prize, 1960 Litteraturfrämjandets stora pris, 1963 The Nordic Council's Literature Prize, 1972 The Carl Emil Englund Prize, 1979 The Kellgren Prize, 1979 The Aniara Prize, 1988 The Pilot Prize, 1993 The Gerard Bonnier Prize, 1994He was awarded an honorary doctorate at Stockholm University.
Anders Johansson The negativity of poetry. A study of Karl Vennberg's literary poetry. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International. ISBN 91-22-01865-4 Karl Vennberg – Albert Bonnier publishing house presentation page
Diwan on the Prince of Emgion
Diwan on the Prince of Emgion is a 1965 book of poetry by the Swedish writer Gunnar Ekelöf. It received the Nordic Council Literature Prize. In the prize motivation, the jury called the work "a cycle of poems, which in the guise of interpretations of Byzantine songs and myths, finds new and personal symbols for the experiences of the divine and of suffering and love as the basic human condition." It became the first installment in a trilogy, which continued with The Tale of Fatumeh and Guide to the Underworld. 1965 in literature Swedish literature