Dongdaemun History & Culture Park station
Dongdaemun History & Culture Park Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 2, Line 4 and Line 5. The huge Dongdaemun Market district is centered on this station and Dongdaemun Station, located to the north across Cheonggyecheon; the Line 2 station is located in Euljiro-7-ga, Jung-gu, the Line 4 and 5 stations are located in Gwanghui-dong, Jung-gu, Seoul. This station is known to have the highest train-platform gap related accidents in the entire country of South Korea with the total of 365 feet accidents each year; this station's Line 5 Transfer passageway was closed between 18 July 2018 to 20 September 2018 because under construction. Exit 1: Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park Exit 2: Hanyang Middle & Technical High Schools Exit 13: National Medical Center Exit 14: CheonggyecheonThe headquarters of South Korean food company CJ Cheil Jedang is in the CJ Cheiljedang Building in Ssangnim-dong, Jung-gu, nearby to the station
Yanghwajin Foreign Missionary Cemetery
Yanghwajin Foreign Missionary Cemetery known as the Hapjeong-dong International Cemetery, is a cemetery overlooking the Han River in the district of Mapo-gu, South Korea. Designated in 1890 as a site for foreign missionaries by King Gojong, the site is open to the public from 9:00am to 6:00pm and is located next to Jeoldusan Martyr's Shrine, it is estimated that 30,000 Koreans and 500 foreigners visit every year. The death of Presbyterian minister John Heron in July 1890 prompted the small but growing foreign community in Seoul to look for a proper location for burials. Previous burials were conducted in modern-day Incheon at the Chemulpo Foreigners' Cemetery. Dr. Horace Allen obtained the land rights of the bluff overlooking the Han River and called it Yanghwajin; the site for the cemetery had historical significance: in 1839, a number of French Catholic missionaries were put to death there and in 1866, a number of Korean Catholics were killed in a mass execution on the nearby riverbank. The cemetery was a victim of close quarters combat during the Korean War and war damage to many of the grave markers is quite evident.
Attempts to repair the fractured markers are minimal at the request of community members. Maintained by members of the Kyungsung European-American Cemetery Association the 14,000 square meter grounds have been unofficially taken care by foreign diplomats, volunteer groundskeepers and missionaries since its founding. Built for the members of the foreign missionary community in Seoul, the Kyungsung European-American Cemetery Association maintained the grounds until a 1961 decree by President Park Chung-hee stating that foreigners were not allowed to own land; the grounds technically belonged to no one until the city of Seoul designated it a public park in 1965. In 1968, when the South Korean government passed a law requiring foreigners to register all land, the cemetery was curiously never registered. In 1985, a committee called the Council for the 100th Anniversary of the Korean Church was asked by Horace Grant Underwood III to register the cemetery on behalf of the Seoul Union Church with the understanding that the Seoul Union Church would be the unofficial caretakers.
The committee agreed and a year built a joint-use chapel nearby called the Memorial Chapel. In 2005, the predominantly foreign congregation of the Seoul Union Church began sharing the Memorial Chapel with a Korean congregation composed of the former 100th Anniversary Memorial Church Committee; the two congregations coexisted amicably until the death of Dr. Horace Grant Underwood III in 2004. However, the two congregations began to disagree about proper caretaking responsibilities as well as who takes care of the grounds. On August 5, 2007, the Seoul Union Church was removed from the grounds including the chapel; the church and adjacent museum are since the property of the Memorial Church. Conflicting reports from the Memorial Church further claim that some interments would be disinterred in the future Memorial church leader Lee Jae-chul referred to the change in cemetery caretakership similar to the "Chinese retaking Hong Kong". *These figures do not include the 23 known unmarked graves or the unknown number of Korean children from the Anglican orphanages buried on upper slope of the Anglican plot.
Homer Hulbert American missionary and journalist whose headstone proclaims "I would rather be buried in Korea than in Westminster Abbey." Ernest Bethell founder of Daehan Maeil Sinbo who died after being imprisoned by the Japanese army for exposing abuses against Korean civilians. Years after soldiers erased a defiant challenge to the Imperial Army on Bethell's grave marker, the words were replaced by officials from the Seoul Union Church. Horace Grant Underwood founder of the Seoul YMCA, Saemunan Presbyterian Church and what became Yonsei University Henry Gerhard Appenzeller who contributed to the foundation of Pai Chai University Douglas B. Avison, a founder of Severance Hospital. Clarence Ridgeby Greathouse supervisor to 1895 trial of the murder of Queen Min Brevet Brigadier General Charles W. Le Gendre French-born American general and advisor to King Kojong from 1890 to 1899. Albert Wilder "Bruce" Taylor American gold mining executive and UPA correspondent, lived in Korea for the majority of his life with his wife, Mary Linley Taylor.
He was involved in the Korean independence movement and infamously photographed King Kojong's funeral procession. Clark, Donald N.. The Seoul Foreigners' Cemetery at Yanghwajin: an Informal History. Seoul, Korea: Seoul Union Church. Thiébaud, Jean-Marie, Le cimetière international Hapjeong-dong à Séoul, retrieved September 1, 2011 Homepage Seoul Foreigner's Cemetery Marmot's Hole: The Forgotten Americans at Yanghwajin Yanghwajin Foreign Missionary Cemetery at Find a Grave
Seoul National University of Education station
Seoul Nat'l Univ. of Education Station is a station in the Seocho District of Seoul, on Seoul Subway Line 2 and Line 3. It is noted on station signs and on-board announcements that the station serves Court and Public Prosecutors Office; the station is a transfer point between the circular Line 2 which runs east-west at this point, the north-south Line 3. The station is an busy transfer point for those travelling between central Seoul and Gangnam district, Teheran Valley and the COEX/KWTC complex; the station is referred to as "Kyodae" or "Gyodae". The Seoul National University of Education is located nearby
Heungseon Daewongun known as the Daewongun, Guktaegong or formally Heungseon Heonui Daewonwang and known to contemporary western diplomats as Prince Gung, was the title of Yi Ha-eung, regent of Joseon during the minority of Emperor Gojong in the 1860s and until his death a key political figure of late Joseon Korea. Daewongun translates as "prince of the great court", a title customarily granted to the father of the reigning monarch when that father did not reign himself. While there had been three other Daewongun during the Joseon dynasty,^ so dominant a place did Yi Ha-eung have in the history of the late Joseon dynasty that the term Daewongun refers to him; the Daewongun is remembered for the wide-ranging reforms he attempted during his regency, as well as for his "vigorous enforcement of the seclusion policy, persecution of Christians, the killing or driving off of foreigners who landed on Korean soil". The Daewongun was born Yi Ha-eung in 1820, he was the fourth son of Yi Chae-jung, a member of the royal family who in 1816 was given the name Yi Gu and the title Prince Namyeon.
The Daewongun was a direct descendant of King Injo. The Daewongun was well schooled in the Chinese classics, he reputedly excelled in painting. His early government career consisted of minor posts that were honorary and ceremonial. For the beginning of his life, his connection to the royal house seemed of little help to him, he was humiliated by the rich in-laws of the royal house. The Daewongun came to power when Yi Myeong-bok, was chosen to become king. In January 1864, King Cheoljong died without an heir; the selection of the next king was in the hands of three dowagers: Queen Sinjeong, mother of King Heonjong. The "designation right" resided with Dowager Queen Sinjeong, as she was the oldest of the dowagers. In an apocryphal story, Queen Cheorin sent a minister to fetch the son of Yi Ha-eung, eleven-year-old Yi Myeong-bok, flying a kite in a palace garden; the son was brought to the palace in a sedan chair, where Queen Sinjeong rushed forward and called him her son, thus producing the new Joseon king, King Gojong, adopted son of Crown Prince Hyomyeong.
This story may not be true. These facts, are known to be correct. On 16 January 1864, Yi Myeong-bok was appointed the Prince of Ikseong by Dowager Queen Sinjeong; the next day, his father was granted the title Daewongun. On 21 January, Yi Myeong-bok was enthroned as King Gojong, Dowager Queen Sinjeong began her regency. Yi was chosen because "he was the only suitable surviving male member of the Yi clan and closest by blood to the royal house". Since Gojong was so young, Queen Sinjeong invited the Daewongun to assist his son in ruling, she renounced her right to be regent, though she remained the titular regent, the Daewongun was in fact the true ruler. Once Gojong became king, there still remained the question of his marriage. Gojong's mother Yeoheung decided upon a daughter of Lady Min; the Daewongun remarked that Min "was a woman of great determination and poise" and was disturbed by her. However, he allowed her to marry his son, unknowingly created his greatest political rival. During his regency, the Daewongun attempted several reforms.
His main goal was to "crush the old ruling faction that had usurped the sovereign power of the kings earlier in the century". When he took power in 1864, the Daewongun was determined to reform the government and strengthen central control, he led an anti-corruption campaign, disciplined the royal clans, taxed the aristocracy, the yangban. Cumings notes that this was not a revolution but a restoration, as the Daewongun was attempting to return to the days of King Sejong in the fifteenth century. One of the Daewongun's effective acts as regent was the reconstruction of Gyeongbok Palace; the palace had been built during the reign of the first Joseon king. Much of the building was destroyed in a fire in 1533 and the rest was destroyed during the Japanese invasion of 1592; the rebuilding took five months. It was the most costly project during the Joseon dynasty; the Daewongun's reforms were not successful, as some scholars say he was "too high-handed and tactless". Not only that, but his policies did not have a lasting effect, as once Gojong came of age in 1874, he forced the Daewongun into semiretirement and undid many of his reforms.
The Daewongun's foreign policy was rather simple, as Cumings describes it: "no treaties, no trade, no Catholics, no West, no Japan". He instead maintained an isolationist policy; the Isolation Policy was a policy made to isolate Joseon from all foreign forces except for China which he believed to be the strongest. He tried to refuse Russia's quest to open Joseon's ports to them by using France, but France refused to help - causing the 1866 Byeong-in Persecution, he was involved in the General Sherman incident as well. The Isolation Policy became more entrenched in 1868 when, German merchant Ernst Oppert attempted to take hostage the bones of the Daewongun's father in order to force him to open Korea to trade; the Isolation Policy provided immediate benefits of fortifying Korean patriotism as well as protecting their culture of Confucianism. The Heungseon Daewongun was able to protect Joseon from cultural imperialism and westernization and thus protect Korea's heritage from it. However, because he refused to engage in international relati
Mapo District is one of the 25 districts of Seoul, South Korea. Mapo has a population of 381,330 and has a geographic area of 23.87 km2, is divided into 24 dong. Mapo is located in western Seoul on the northern bank of the Han River, bordering the Gyeonggi Province city of Goyang to the northwest, the Seoul city districts of Gangseo to the west, Yeongdeungpo to the south, Yongsan to the southeast, Jung to the east, Seodaemun and Eunpyeong to the north. Mapo is home to several universities and government buildings, is well known for the Hongdae club district around Hongik University. Mapo is connected to the Seoul Metropolitan Subway's Line 2, Line 5, Line 6, the The Airport Railroad, the Korail Gyeongui-Jungang Line all pass through this district; the Seoul World Cup Stadium, a famous landmark in Seoul, is located in Sangam in northwest Mapo. Mapo District Office is located near World Cup Stadium. Seoul Metropolitan Subway Line 6 passes near the office, it has a station name "Mapo-gu Office" 150 metres east of the office.
The district office has 5 Bureaus, 1 Community Health Center, 36 Divisions, 1 Room, 1 Task Force Team, 16 Community Service Centers. Mapo District Office employs about 1,300 personnels; the entire office is headed by Administrator. Current Administrator is Hong-seop Park. Mapo District was formed in 1944 from portions of Yongsan Districts; the dong structure was revised in 1985 and 2008. 53% of Mapo District's area is taken up by residences, many of which are high-rise apartment buildings. Much of the remaining area is greenspace, including the World Cup Park and additional parkland along the Han River. Mapo District revamped its precincts; the revision aimed to merge some precincts into one big precincts. This reduces number of administrative office for precincts; as a result, the number of precinct offices decreased to 16 from 24. However, the administrative revamp did not change the address system. For example, let us suppose you live in Changjeon precinct; this precinct is now merged to Seogang precinct.
The precinct name in your address is still retained as Changjeon precinct. These are the revamped administrative precincts: The name "Mapo" comes from the name of an old ferry across the Han River, can be translated as "hemp ferry." Four college or university institutions, including Sogang University and Hongik University, are located within Mapo District. The area around Hongik University known as Hongdae, is well known as one of the cultural centers of Seoul, was named one of the coolest neighborhoods in the world in 2016. There are eight high schools, including Seoul Girls' High School, along with 12 middle schools and 20 elementary schools serving the community. There are three special schools for industrial educations. Due to the presence of university students in the district, Mapo District offers a large variety of shopping and dining options; the area around Ewha Women's University is known for its affordable yet trendy merchandise, while neighboring Shinchon has an enormous number of take out and sit down restaurants.
International schools: Japanese School in Seoul in Sangam-dong Dwight School Seoul Shijingshan, China Media related to Mapo-gu, Seoul at Wikimedia Commons Mapo-gu government website
Sports Complex station
Sports Complex Station is a station on Seoul Subway Line 2 and Seoul Subway Line 9. As its name indicates, it serves the nearby Seoul Sports Complex including Seoul Olympic Stadium. Asia Park is accessible by foot from the station. In early 2015 this station become a transfer station between Line 2 and Line 9 of the Seoul Subway
Euljiro 1-ga station
Euljiro 1-ga Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 2. The station is located on the north end of the Myeongdong shopping district and is the station closest to the main branch of the Lotte Department Store. Walkthrough video of Euljiro 1-ga Station