Hebrew is a language native to Israel, spoken by over 9 million people worldwide, of whom over 5 million are in Israel. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, the earliest examples of written Paleo-Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family, Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language. Hebrew had ceased to be a spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt. Aramaic and to a lesser extent Greek were already in use as international languages, especially among elites and it survived into the medieval period as the language of Jewish liturgy, rabbinic literature, intra-Jewish commerce, and poetry. Then, in the 19th century, it was revived as a spoken and literary language, and, according to Ethnologue, had become, as of 1998, the language of 5 million people worldwide. After Israel, the United States has the second largest Hebrew-speaking population, with 220,000 fluent speakers, Modern Hebrew is one of the two official languages of the State of Israel, while premodern Hebrew is used for prayer or study in Jewish communities around the world today. Ancient Hebrew is also the tongue of the Samaritans, while modern Hebrew or Arabic is their vernacular. For this reason, Hebrew has been referred to by Jews as Leshon Hakodesh, the modern word Hebrew is derived from the word Ivri, one of several names for the Israelite people. It is traditionally understood to be a based on the name of Abrahams ancestor, Eber. This name is based upon the root ʕ-b-r meaning to cross over. Interpretations of the term ʕibrim link it to this verb, cross over, in the Bible, the Hebrew language is called Yәhudit because Judah was the surviving kingdom at the time of the quotation. In Isaiah 19,18 it is called the Language of Canaan, Hebrew belongs to the Canaanite group of languages. In turn, the Canaanite languages are a branch of the Northwest Semitic family of languages, according to Avraham ben-Yosef, Hebrew flourished as a spoken language in the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah during about 1200 to 586 BCE. Scholars debate the degree to which Hebrew was a vernacular in ancient times following the Babylonian exile. In July 2008 Israeli archaeologist Yossi Garfinkel discovered a ceramic shard at Khirbet Qeiyafa which he claimed may be the earliest Hebrew writing yet discovered, dating around 3000 years ago. The Gezer calendar also dates back to the 10th century BCE at the beginning of the Monarchic Period, classified as Archaic Biblical Hebrew, the calendar presents a list of seasons and related agricultural activities. The Gezer calendar is written in an old Semitic script, akin to the Phoenician one that through the Greeks, the Gezer calendar is written without any vowels, and it does not use consonants to imply vowels even in the places where later Hebrew spelling requires it
HaHistadrut HaKlalit shel HaOvdim BEretz Yisrael, known as the Histadrut, is Israels organization of trade unions. Established in December 1920 during the British Mandate for Palestine, it one of the most powerful institutions of Israel. Histadrut enterprises include, Koor Industries Ltd, solel Boneh, and Kupat Holim Clalit. The Histadrut was founded in December 1920 in Haifa to look out for the interests of Jewish workers, until 1920, Ahdut HaAvoda and Hapoel Hatzair had been unable to set up a unified workers organisation. In 1920, Third Aliyah immigrants founded Gdud HaAvoda and demanded a unified organization for all Jewish workers, at the end of 1921 David Ben-Gurion was elected as Secretary. Membership grew from 4,400 in 1920 and to 8,394 members in 1922, by 1927, the Histadrut had 25,000 members, accounting for 75% of the Jewish workforce in Mandatory Palestine. Until Israel began moving away from a socialist economy, the Histadrut, along with the government, the Israeli services sector was completely dominated by the Histadrut and government, and the Histadrut also largely dominated public transport, agriculture, and insurance industries. In addition, it owned Clalit Health Services, Israels largest Health Maintenance Organization, membership in 1983 was 1,600,000, accounting for more than one-third of the total population of Israel and about 85% of all wage earners. About 170,000 Histadrut members were Arabs, in 1989, the Histadrut was the employer of approximately 280,000 workers. With the increasing liberalization and deregulation of the Israeli economy since the 1980s, the most severe blow came in 1995, when Israels National Health Insurance Law came into effect, creating Israels modern universal health care system. As a result, many no longer depended on the Histadrut for their health insurance. Membership almost instantly plunged from 1.8 million to about 200,000, the Histadrut managed to recover from its low point in membership and gradually grow in membership. In 2005, it had about 650,000 members, to this day, the Histadrut still remains a powerful force in Israeli society and the economy. A settlement was announced on Sunday, February 12, which provided for some gains by the subcontractors, the Histadrut took over economic firms operated by the parties, which operated by subcontracting, and their Office of Information, which was expanded into a Labor Exchange. Already after a few months the Histadrut became the single largest employer in the Yishuv, the Histadrut succeeded in improving workers rights as e. g. the right to strike was recognised, employers had to motivate dismissal and workers got a place to turn to with their complaints. In the first year of its existence the Histadrut lacked central leadership and this changed after David Ben-Gurion became appointed in the General Secretariat. Ben-Gurion wanted to transform the Histadrut into an instrument for the realisation of Zionism. According to Zeev Sternhell Ben-Gurions exclusive commitment to this goal is illustrated by a December 1922 quote, and not adapting our lives to this or that doctrine
British Mandate for Palestine (legal instrument)
The Mandate of Palestine was superseded with UN Charter, Chapter XII, Article 80 UN Trusteeship Agreement, UNGA181 of November 29,1947. The Palestine Mandate was administrated by the United Kingdom from September 29,1922 to November 29,1947, Government of the State of Israel was proclaimed over parts of this territory on 14 May,1948. The approximate northern border with the French Mandate was agreed upon in the Paulet–Newcombe Agreement of 23 December 1920, Transjordan had been a no mans land following the July 1920 Battle of Maysalun. The Trans-Jordan Memorandum provided the detail to support Article 25 of the Mandate and it also established a separate Administration of Trans-Jordan for the application of the Mandate, under the general supervision of Great Britain. Transjordan became largely autonomous under British tutelage according to an agreement of February 20,1928, the League of Nations welcomed the end of the mandate in Transjordan on 18 April 1946. The conquest of Palestine became part of British strategies aimed at establishing a bridge between the Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf. This would enable rapid deployment of troops to the Gulf, then the line of defence for British interests in India. A land bridge was also an alternative to the Suez Canal, the committee considered various scenarios and provided guidelines for negotiations with France, Italy, and Russia regarding the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire. The Committee recommended in favour of the creation of a decentralised, at the same time, the British and French also opened overseas fronts with the Gallipoli and Mesopotamian campaigns. In Gallipoli, the Turks successfully repelled the British, French and Australian, from 1915, Zionist leader and anglophile Zeev Jabotinsky was pressing the British to agree to the formation of a Zionist volunteer corps that would serve under the aegis of the British army. The British eventually agreed to set up the Zion Mule Corps, after Lloyd George was made prime minister during the war, the British waged the Sinai and Palestine Campaign under General Allenby. This time the British agreed to a Jewish Legion, which participated in the invasion, russian Jews regarded the German army as a liberator and the creation of the Legion was designed to encourage them to participate in the war on Britains side. At the same time, British intelligence officer T. E. Lawrence was encouraging an Arab Revolt led by the Sharif of Mecca. The British defeated Ottoman Turkish forces in 1917 and occupied Ottoman Syria, the land remained under British military administration for the remainder of the war, and beyond. The Ottoman Empire capitulated on 30 October 1918, and on 23 November 1918, the Middle East was divided into three OETAs. Occupied Enemy Territory Administration South extended from the Egyptian border of Sinai into Palestine and Lebanon as far north as Acre and Nablus, a temporary British military governor Major General Sir Arthur Wigram Money would administer this sector. In October 1919, British forces in Syria and the last British soldiers stationed east of the Jordan were withdrawn and the region came under exclusive control of Faisal bin Hussein from Damascus. In 1916, Britain and France concluded the Sykes–Picot Agreement, which proposed to divide the Middle East between them into spheres of influence, with Palestine as an international enclave, the British made two potentially conflicting promises regarding the territory it was expecting to acquire
Maccabi World Union
The Maccabi World Union is an international Jewish sports organisation spanning 5 continents and more than 50 countries, with some 400,000 members. Maccabi World Union organises the Maccabiah Games, a prominent international Jewish athletics event, the movement is named after the Maccabees who were a Jewish national liberation movement that fought for and won independence from Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Ironically, at the time the Maccabees were staunchly opposed to athletic competitions, athletic competitions held in Jerusalem under the Seleucid rule were terminated once the Maccabees took over the city. However, the modern Zionists who took up the name were mainly interested in the Maccabees as militant Jewish heroes whose example Zionism sought to emulate, the Maccabi World Union was created at the 12th World Jewish Congress in Karlovy Vary, Czechoslovakia in 1921. It was then decided by the secretariat of Jewish sport leaders to form one organization for all Jewish sports associations. In 1960, the International Olympic Committee officially recognized the Maccabi World Union as an Organization of Olympic Standing, as early as the 19th century, Jewish sports clubs were founded in Eastern and Central Europe. Two years later, haGibor was formed in Philipopolis, Bulgaria, other clubs that followed were named after “Bar Kochba” or Hebrew names such as “Hakoah” or “Hagibor” that symbolized strength and heroism. One of the premises behind the founding of these clubs was Jewish Nationalism. This political opposition exacerbated their athletic rivalry between fans and players, to the point that matches between the two teams were referred to as a Holy War. In 1906, the first Jewish gymnastics club was formed in Palestine, clubs later would spring up in other cities. By 1912, all of them joined the Maccabi Federation of Israel and that same year, the first relations were established between them and their European counterparts, when a decision was taken at the Maccabi Conference in Berlin to begin group trips to Palestine. Maccabi GB is a member of the English National Council for Voluntary Youth Services because of its work promoting the personal and social development of young people. S, Maccabi Canada Maccabi European Maccabi Confederation Maccabi Hungary Maccabi Australia Maccabi Italia Maccabi GB Makkabi Germany Maccabi France Maccabi Warsaw
Israel Football Association
The Israel Football Association, also known as IFA, is the governing body of football in Israel. It organizes a variant of football leagues, cups. The association is based in Ramat Gan, IFA was founded in 1928 as the Palestine Football Association. The Palestine Football Association was founded in July 1928 under the British Mandate, in 1954, the Israel Football Association was admitted to the Asian Football Confederation. In 1974, the Israel Football Association was expelled from the AFC due to pressure from Arab. In the late 1970s and 1980s, the Israel Football Association was not affiliated with any confederation, during this period, the Israeli national teams were only playing in FIFA competitions occasionally in OFC, UEFA and CONMEBOL qualifying tournaments. In 1992, the IFA was admitted to UEFA as an associate member, since 1992, Israeli clubs have been playing in the various UEFA club competitions and the Israeli national teams play in UEFA championships. In 1979, Yosef Yekutieli, the founder of the IFA, was awarded the Israel Prize for dedicating his life to promoting and laying the foundation of Israeli sports. Football in Israel List of football stadiums in Israel Sport in Israel Official website Israel at FIFA site Israel at UEFA site
Socialist Workers' Sport International
Socialist Workers Sport International was an international socialist sporting organisation, based in Lucerne. It was founded in 1920, and consisted of six national federations at the time of its foundation, initially it was known as International Association for Sports and Physical Culture. Informally it was known as the Lucerne Sport International and it adopted the name SASI in 1926. The Austro-Marxist Julius Deutsch was the president of SASI, International Labour Sports Federation was established in 1946 as the successor of SASI. An international meeting of workers sports associations had been held in Ghent, Belgium, however, the First World War put the build-up of an international workers sport organisation on hold. After the war two Belgians, Gaston Bridoux and Jules Devlieger, took initiative to revive the cooperation, preparatory meetings were held in Seraing, Belgium in 1919 and in Paris, France, during Easter 1920. The founding congress of the international took place in Lucerne September 13-September 14,1920, during the foundation, the French and Belgian delegations urged that the word Socialist be omitted from the name of the organisation, in order to attract a broader following. The organisation upheld a policy of neutrality towards party organisations, a policy inherited from the German workers sports movement and this policy was however challenged by the communists, which claimed that the workers sport movement could not abstain from taking part in revolutionary struggle. In 1921, the congress of the Communist International decided to form a parallel sport international. In August 1921, the Sportintern was founded, Sportintern launched fierce political attacks against the Lucerne international. Its Czechoslovak section had suffered a split in July 1921, as the communists deserted it, at the second congress of the Lucerne International, held in Leipzig 1922, the French delegation argued in favour of unification between the two Internationals. This policy was not supported by the congress, the following year, the French affiliate FST decided to shift its membership to Sportintern. Ahead of the 1925 Workers Olympiad, the Sportintern appealed to the Lucerne International that four Sportintern delegations should be allowed to participate, likewise SASI barred its affiliates for participating in the 1928 Spartakiad organised by Sportintern. Politically, SASI was supported by the International Federation of Trade Unions, the main activity of SASI was the organizing of the International Workers Olympiads, portrayed as a socialist alternative to the bourgeois Olympics. At the Workers Olympiads only the red flag was used, rather than national flags, the first Workers Olympiad was held in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, in 1925. A world record was broken in the 100 meter womens relay race, the summer Workers Olympiad had been preceded by winter games the same year, in Schreiberhau, in which twelve national delegations had participated. The second Workers Olympiad was held in Vienna, Austria, in 1931,80,000 athletes took part in the games, which had around 250,000 spectators. The games were larger than the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics, both in number of participants and spectators, a winter Workers Olympiad was held in Mürzzuschlag, Austria, in 1931
Hammer and sickle
The hammer and sickle or sickle and hammer is a Communist symbol that was conceived during the Russian Revolution. At the time of creation, the hammer stood for industrial laborers, after World War I and the Russian Civil War, the hammer and sickle became more widely used as a symbol for peaceful labor within the Soviet Union and for international proletarian unity. It was taken up by many Communist movements around the world, farm and worker instruments and tools have long been used as symbols for proletarian struggle. A popular ancestor to the hammer and sickle was a hammer on a plough, in Ireland, the symbol of the plough remains in use. The Starry Plough banner was used by the Irish Citizen Army. James Connolly, co-founder of the Irish Citizen Army with Jack White, a sword is forged into the plough to symbolise the end of war with the establishment of a Socialist International. This was unveiled in 1914 and flown by the Irish Citizen Army during the 1916 Easter Rising, in 1917, Vladimir Lenin and Anatoly Lunacharsky held a competition to create a Soviet emblem. ” in six languages. It originally featured a sword, but Lenin strongly objected, disliking the violent connotations, the winning designer was Yevgeny Ivanovich Kamzolkin. On 6 July 1923 the 2nd session of the Central Executive Committee adopted this emblem, serp i Molot is the name of the Moscow Metallurgical Plant. Serp i Molot is also the name of a stop on the railway line from Kurski railway station in Moscow to Gorky, featured in Venedikt Yerofeyevs novel. In the Soviet Union the hammer and sickle came to take on a meaning, with the sickle coming to be associated with women. In addition, the Russian city of Oryol also uses the hammer, the former Soviet national airline, Aeroflot, continues to use the hammer and sickle in its symbol. The flag can also appear without the hammer and sickle in some circumstances, all of these use the yellow-on-red colour scheme. In Laos and Vietnam, the hammer and sickle flags party flags can often be seen flying side-by-side with their national flags. The Communist Party of Sweden, the Portuguese Communist Party and the Mexican Communist Party use the hammer, the hammer and sickle accompanied by the yellow star is used by the Communist Refoundation Party, the main Communist party in Italy. Many symbols having similar structures and messages to the original have been designed, for example, the Angolan flag shows a segment of a cog, crossed by a machete and crowned with a socialist star, while the flag of Mozambique features an AK-47 crossed by a hoe. In the logo of the Communist Party USA, a circle is formed by a half cog, a hammer is laid directly over the sickles handle with the hammers head at the logos center. The logo of the Communist Party of Turkey consists of half a cog wheel crossed by a hammer, movement, the pickaxe and rifle used in communist Albania, and the hammer and compasses of the emblem of the East German flag
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people wearing protective gloves throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring. Amateur boxing is both an Olympic and Commonwealth Games sport and is a fixture in most international games—it also has its own World Championships. Boxing is supervised by a referee over a series of one- to three-minute intervals called rounds, in the event that both fighters gain equal scores from the judges, the fight is considered a draw. In Olympic boxing, due to the fact that a winner must be declared, in the case of a draw - the judges use technical criteria to choose the most deserving winner of the bout. While people have fought in combat since before the dawn of history. The earliest evidence for fist fighting with any kind of gloves can be found on Minoan Crete, in Ancient Greece boxing was a well developed sport and enjoyed consistent popularity. In Olympic terms, it was first introduced in the 23rd Olympiad,688 B. C, the boxers would wind leather thongs around their hands in order to protect them. There were no rounds and boxers fought until one of them acknowledged defeat or could not continue, weight categories were not used, which meant heavyweights had a tendency to dominate. It was the head of the opponent which was primarily targeted, Boxing was a popular spectator sport in Ancient Rome. In order for the fighters to protect themselves against their opponents they wrapped leather thongs around their fists, eventually harder leather was used and the thong soon became a weapon. The Romans even introduced metal studs to the thongs to make the cestus which then led to a more sinister weapon called the myrmex, Fighting events were held at Roman Amphitheatres. The Roman form of boxing was often a fight until death to please the spectators who gathered at such events, however, especially in later times, purchased slaves and trained combat performers were valuable commodities, and their lives were not given up without due consideration. Often slaves were used against one another in a circle marked on the floor and this is where the term ring came from. In AD393, during the Roman gladiator period, boxing was abolished due to excessive brutality and it was not until the late 17th century that boxing re-surfaced in London. Records of Classical boxing activity disappeared after the fall of the Western Roman Empire when the wearing of weapons became common once again, however, there are detailed records of various fist-fighting sports that were maintained in different cities and provinces of Italy between the 12th and 17th centuries. There was also a sport in ancient Rus called Kulachniy Boy or Fist Fighting, as the wearing of swords became less common, there was renewed interest in fencing with the fists. The sport would later resurface in England during the early 16th century in the form of bare-knuckle boxing sometimes referred to as prizefighting. The first documented account of a fight in England appeared in 1681 in the London Protestant Mercury
Hapoel Jerusalem is a sport organization in Jerusalem, Israel as a local branch of the Hapoel movement. The branch was established in the 1920s and represents the city in more sports than any other organization in Jerusalem. Today, the leading sport clubs participate in basketball, association football, swimming. Hapoel Jerusalem F. C. was established in the 1920s and their home pitch has changed through the years from a modest field in Katamon to the sandbox of YMCA Stadium to Teddy Stadium. The clubs greatest achievement was winning the Israel State Cup in 1973, during the 1980s and 1990s, the club lost its stature as Jerusalems leading club to city rivals, Beitar. The club today plays in the Liga Artzit, 3rd tier, Hapoel Bank Yahav Jerusalem is considered the second biggest club in Israel after European super power, Maccabi Tel Aviv. Jerusalem has won four cups and has been runner up five times. The clubs greatest achievement was winning the ULEB Cup in 2004, run by the Peres Center for Peace, the Hapoel Jerusalem Futsal Club is one of the strongest futsal teams in Israel. Hapoel Jerusalem swimming association was established in 1988 to promote sports in Jerusalem. The leading team is Hapoel-Jerusalem Swim, in 1991, Hapoel won the national championship for the first time. Since then, it has won the championship 19 times, establishing itself as a leader in Israeli swimming, since 2002, Hapoel Jerusalem has held the Israeli championship in the Triathlon competition. In 2006, it renewed its activity in water polo with the establishment of a youth swimmers club, the club is also a national leader in synchronized swimming. Hapoel Jerusalem takes part in national and international competitions, and its swimmers have represented Israel in the Olympics, European championships and the Comen Games
Hapoel Holon, for sponsorship reasons Hapoel Unet Holon, is a basketball club based in Holon, Israel. Holon plays in the Ligat HaAl, the top division of Israeli basketball, the club won their first Israeli championship in 2008, after beating perennial champions Maccabi Tel Aviv in the Final Four. The club was founded in 1947 and was one of the clubs of the top division in 1954 when established. They reached the Playoff Final, where they defeated Maccabi Tel Aviv 73–72 to claim their first championship, PJ Tucker won the MVP title. It was the first time Maccabi Tel Aviv had failed to win the championship in 14 years, on January 16,2010, the club celebrated its 1000th game in the Ligat HaAl. In the 2009–10 season, the club was under scrutiny after failing to pay the balance of last years staff and players throughout the end of the season. Holons best homegrown player was Ofer Eshed who played for the club between 1957 and 1972 and he is the points leader in the team, with 7,495 points. Israel Elimelech is considered to be the clubs biggest symbol, played in holon during two decades – and led the team to many successful seasons in the premier league. Played in the home grown team of holon in the 1980s, with Niv Boogin, Avi Maor, and the Israeli-American player Micheal Carter. Other notable players were, Tzahi Peled, Danny Hadar, Rami Zeig and from early days. The teams 2 titles were won by 2 winning baskets, scored by the 2007–08 PG Malik Dixon, Dixon scored a two-pointer 2 seconds to the end of the championship match against Maccabi Tel-Aviv, leaving Maccabi a 2-second possession which they failed to score in. Tolbert scored a three-point buzzer beater in the cup final, after he got the ball from a pass by Deron Washington. Over the years the club has signed several former NBA players, including P. J. Tucker, Ken Bannister, Clarence Kea, Richard Dumas and Dominic McGuire. John Thomas, who has played in 2009–10 season, is also a former NBA player, with a history in five teams, such as New Jersey Nets, Atlanta Hawks, before that, the team played in red and white uniforms, Like almost every Hapoel Team. For many years Holons mascot was a tiger and it appeared on the teams logo for many years and in the 1990s the teams logo read Hapoel Tigers Holon. After the team won the 2006/2007 National League championship, and upgraded to the first division, the old symbol was changed and redesigned, keeping Holons symbol, Official website Holoniafans – The Official fansite Fansite – The Kometz From Gate 3
Hapoel Haifa F.C.
Hapoel Haifa Football Club is an Israeli football club located in Haifa. The club won one championship and 3 Israeli cups, the Team is also known as The Sharks. The clubs home since the early 1990s is the Kiryat Eliezer Stadium in Haifa, in which they have played since their departure from Kiryat Haim Stadium, the colours of the teams home kit are red throughout. The away colours are white shirts, and black shorts and socks, the beginning of the club was in a local organization founded in Haifa in 1924. This organization included several related to sports, in addition to branches related to worker movements. Their goal was to found the first ever football club in Palestine. The meeting was led by Yehoshua Sherpstein and Yair Aharony, on May 1,1924, Labor Day, was the first match, in which Hapoel Haifa beat 3–1 the train workers of Haifa. In the first years of the club it played friendly matches against different teams from Palestine, Europe. At the beginning Hapoel Haifa was included under the Maccabi union, two years later the club decided to leave Maccabi, and was among the founders of the new union, Hapoel. In 1928 the Israel Football Association was founded, and formal matches were scheduled, In the first 4 years only cup matches, during these years Hapoel Haifa did not win many trophies, yet it was still one of the leading teams in the country. In 1932 the team qualified to its first cup final, against the British Police, the referee was British, and some of the decisions he made were very controversial. During the match, when the score was 1–0 to Hapoel Haifa, after some decisions that the players of Haifa found very odd and unfair, as a result, Hapoel Haifa was disqualified. That year 5 of Haifas players made it to the Palestine squad, in 1950, after the War of Independence, the Israeli League returned to action, and Haifa finished in the 3rd place, after Maccabi and Hapoel Tel-Aviv. Two years later the cup matches were renewed and these years were direct continuation to the seasons before the state of Israel was established, when the team was one of the leaders, yet did not manage to win any trophies. Hapoel was very weak in the early sixties, the team finished 1962–63 one before last, and was supposed to relegate to the second division. But, due to suspicions about improper matches, the relegations were canceled, at this turning point, many talented young players promoted from the youth team, causing a significant improvement that started the clubs best period. In the same season, 1962–63, the won the Israel State Cup. In all of the seasons the team finished in the top third of the league
Hapoel Rishon LeZion (handball)
Hapoel Rishon LeZion (Hebrew, הפועל ראשון לציון, is a handball team from the city of Rishon LeZion, Israel. Competes in the Ligat Winner Big, the teams colors are red and white, and it hosts its home games in Mordecai Rosenstein hall. The team has participated in the EHF Champions League in 1998,2000. The team hosts their games in Ashalim. In 2015/16, they are expected to move to an 1, the captain of the team is Idan Maimon, the greatest handball player in the history of Israel and Israeli all-time scoring record holder with 3,003 goals. Their biggest rival is Maccabi Rishon LeZion, another great Rishon LeZion team, the derby games between them have been very tense throughout the last two decades
Hapoel Rishon LeZion F.C.
Hapoel Rishon LeZion F. C. is an Israeli football club which currently plays in Liga Leumit, Israels second football division. Home matches are hosted at the Haberfeld Stadium, in 1991, the club changed its name to Hapoel Ironi Rishon LeZion, and in June 2008 the name was switched back to Hapoel Rishon LeZion following a change in ownership. Hapoel Rishon LeZion was one of the first clubs in the history of football in Israel. The football section of the Sports club was established in 1929, the club was formally established in 1940. Its best achievements were runner-up of the Israel State Cup in 1946 and 1996, on both occasions it lost to Maccabi Tel Aviv. Following its cup final in 1996, it played in UEFA Cup Winners Cup, in 1951–52, the club finished second bottom and dropped to the second tier. Between 1952 and 1994 the club played just three seasons in the top division, 1978-79, 1980–81 and 1981–82, in 2008–09, after the club changed its name back to Hapoel Rishon LeZion, it was promoted to Liga Leumit, the second tier. In 2010–11, the club was promoted to the Israeli Premier League and they were relegated back to Liga Leumit the following season. The club is known with their previous name Hapoel Ironi Rishon LeZion. On 4 December 2012, Hapoel Rishon LeZion won the 2012–13 Toto Cup Leumit, as to 19 March 2017 Arik Gilrovich Nissan Yehezkel Eyal Lahman Sharon Mimer Ofir Haim Gili Levanda Nir Berkovic Official Site fans Official Site
Hapoel Afula B.C.
Hapoel Afula is a basketball club based in Afula. It currently plays in the Liga Leumit, the club was established in 1968, and were members of the top division during the 1970s and 1980s. A decline saw the merge with Hapoel Gilboa to form Hapoel Gilboa/Afula. The merged club played in the top division until 2008, when they were relegated after finishing bottom, in June 2008 the merged club was disbanded, and Hapoel Afula became an independent club again. In their first season, Afula won the Liga Leumit play-off against Hapoel Lev HaSharon 3-1, after one season, the group returned to the second division because the management could not arrange a suitable budget
Hapoel Gilboa Galil
Hapoel Gilboa Galil is a professional basketball club that is based in north-east Israel. The club plays its home Ligat HaAl games in a 2, 500-seat stadium in Gan Ner, the club was founded in 2008 by a merger of Hapoel Gilboa and Hapoel Galil Elyon. The club took Hapoel Galil Elyons place in the Super League, in May 2010, Hapoel Gilboa Galil won the Israeli Championship, after defeating the defending champions Maccabi Tel Aviv, by a score of 90–77 in the finals of the playoffs. Played at least one international match for his senior national team or one NBA game at any time
Hapoel Jerusalem B.C.
Hapoel has won several titles, including the ULEB Cup in 2004, and the Israeli League championship in 2015. In 2013, a new group headed by Ori Allon, took over. The team began playing in the Jerusalem Arena in 2014, Hapoel Jerusalem Basketball Club was founded in 1935 and incorporated in 1943 in Jerusalem. It had its first appearance in the Premier League in 1955, Hapoel played in the first division most of the 1950s and 1960s, with notable players, such as David Kaminsky and Amir Berlinsky. The following two decades had ups and downs, as Hapoel toggled between the first and second divisions, in 1986, led by coach Simi Riger the team advanced to the Premier League, after five consecutive years in the second division. Since then, Hapoel has remained in the Premier league and became an important factor in the Israeli Basketball, in 1996 and 1997, Hapoel won the State Cup, defeating Maccabi Tel Aviv in the finals, at the Yad Eliyahu Arena. The team was led by Adi Gordon, widely considered the teams symbol, in 2004, Hapoel Jerusalem won its first European title, the ULEB Cup, defeating Real Madrid in the final in Charleroi, Belgium. In 2005, Israeli-Russian billionaire Arcadi Gaydamak purchased a stake in the club. As a result, the team got stronger and signed four American players with an NBA record – Tamar Slay, Horace Jenkins, Roger Mason, the team also signed Israeli star Meir Tapiro. In 2007, Hapoel won its third Israel State Cup, defeating Bnei HaSharon 103–85 at Nokia Arena, in early 2008 Hapoel came back from being 22 points down, in the 4th quarter to win its fourth State Cup, beating Maccabi Tel Aviv 93–89. In late 2008 Hapoel won its first Israeli Basketball League Cup, in September 2009, oil tycoon Guma Aguiar joined Hapoel Jerusalem as the teams sponsor and helped clear the debts left by Mr. Gaydamak. This ensured Hapoel would be able to yet again at the highest levels. On October 8,2009 Hapoel beat Maccabi Tel Aviv in the Winner Cup finals 86–80, one year after the mysterious disappearance of Guma Aguiar, a new ownership group headed by entrepreneur Ori Allon took over, and Guy Harel succeeded Dani Klein as general manager. Once he decided to retire from the NBA in July 2016, on June 20,2014 the club signed coach Danny Franco who led Maccabi Haifa to the 2014 finals against current EuroLeague title-holder Maccabi Tel Aviv. That same day, the club also signed season MVP Donta Smith, on June 25,2014, the Executive Board of Euroleague Commercial Assets unanimously agreed to hand Hapoel a wild-card to compete for a spot in the EuroLeague qualifications. The move came in light of Hapoel positioning herself as a club with a new ownership group with great stability. On June 25,2015, Hapoel won the Israeli Championship for the first time in their history, 90% – An ownership group, headed by majority owner Ori Allon, including Eyal Chomsky, Shalom Menora, David Kleinhandler and Howard Wietschner. In Malha Arena, the Brigade was located behind the south side basket, at the Jerusalem Arena, the Brigade is located in stands #1 and #12
Hapoel Tel Aviv B.C.
Hapoel Tel Aviv B. C. is an Israeli professional basketball club. Historically the second most successful side in Israeli basketball with five national championships, the team currently plays in the Israeli Premier League, the first tier. The club was founded in 1935, as part of the Tel Aviv branch of the Hapoel sports cooperative, the 15 years following the foundation of the Israeli national league in 1954 are still considered as the golden age in the clubs history. During that time, it won most of its trophies and rose to become a dominant force in Israeli basketball, in 1980 the club inaugurated its home venue of Hapoel Arena at Ussishkin St. in place of the open court that Hapoel had used for home games since 1953. The new arena was named after the adjacent street bearing the name of Menachem Ussishkin, in 1995 the Histadrut decided to suspend financial support of all its Hapoel sports teams, including Hapoel Tel Aviv. Except for three years of support by Russian multi millionaire Vladimir Gusinsky, the club has since consistently suffered from financial difficulties. The result of this was a deterioration in the clubs status and stability. During this period the club also conceded its most humiliating defeat of all times by the hands of no less than local rivals Maccabi Tel Aviv by a staggering 54 points and this was part of a previously unthinkable streak of nine defeats in one season to Maccabi Tel Aviv. In 2006 Eizenberg decided to stop funding the team and thus the team started the season in the second division. The situation wasnt improved in the season, in which the team, built almost entirely of youth players, was relegated to the third division. For years Hapoel and Maccabi Tel Aviv were considered the top two clubs of Israeli basketball, the tension between both clubs reached its peak in the 1980s. During this era they met for several times in the leagues play-off finals, probably the most famous meeting came in the best-of-three League Championship Finals in April,1985. Behind the outstanding play of Mike Largey, Hapoel Tel Aviv won the first game in convincing fashion, Largey always played well against Maccabi Tel Aviv, having beaten them five times in the four years that he played for Hapoel Tel Aviv. Prior to his arrival, Hapoel Tel Aviv had not beaten Maccabi Tel Aviv in 17 straight games, needless to say, the Hapoel Tel Aviv fans were very confident that this was their year to win the League Championship. The second game started with Largey picking up where he left off from the first game, then towards the beginning of the second half, after play had stopped for a loose ball foul, Maccabi Tel Avivs Motti Aroesti shoved his hand into the face of Largey. Largey responded immediately and threw Aroesti to the ground, afterwards, both players were ejected from the game and were automatically suspended from playing in Game 3. Largey was far more valuable to Hapoel Tel Aviv then Aroesti was to Maccabi Tel Aviv and, not surprisingly, to this day, most Hapoel Tel Aviv fans are convinced that Maccabi Tel Aviv planned this provocation as a way to deal with its nemesis. These matches are regarded as of the most exciting and attractive in Israeli basketball history
Hapoel Be'er Sheva B.C.
Hapoel Beer Sheva / Bnei Shimon B. C. is a professional basketball club based in Beer Sheva, Israel. The team plays in the Israeli Second League, the club was founded in 1965 by Eitan Wegmann then played for Maccabi Haifa. In 1976, along with winning the football team for the second time, qualified for the state team. During the eighties, the team climbed twice to raise the Second League, during the nineties, the group disbanded. This series being recalled as one of the series in the history of the Second League. A season later Beer-Sheva was eliminated in the quarter-finals of the Second League playoffs, the new team began to play in the fifth league, And at the end of the season the team progressed to ourth league. A season later, the team fought relegation and in the last cycle of the league remained in the league, at the beginning of the 2011/2012 season, the mens team was united with Beitar Beer Sheva under the title of Municipal Beer Sheva. The united team competed Liga Artzit (basketball third league], leadership of the club was assumed by local businessman Kfir Arazi, who joined during the summer. The team was re-branded under his ownership and competed again in the fourth league. Hapoel Beer Sheva finished the 2013/2014 season in first place in the Fourth League, Kfir Arazi owns and steers the club. On 29 March 2015 Beer Sheva ensured the rise to the Liga Leumit after a victory over on Hapoel Lod result 56,82. The 2015-2016 season began well with Beer-Sheva consistently at the top of the league, the captain remains Ohad Cohen, and holding on from the previous season, Tamir Arielly. Conch Arena is a sports arena located in Beer Sheva and has 3,000 seats. The conch serves as the court of the basketball team Hapoel Beer Sheva. Hapoel Beer Sheva B. C. at Eurobasket. com Hapoel Beer Sheva B. C. at Facebook. com
Hapoel Acre F.C.
Hapoel Acre Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Acre, Israel. The club is currently in Liga Leumit, founded in 1946, the club dwelt in the lower leagues until they won Liga Bet North A in the 1962–63 season and promoted for the first time to Liga Alef, the second division by then. In 1973–74, they won Liga Alef North division, however, the Israel Football Association decided that season on promotion play-off, involving the top 2 clubs in each Liga Alef division, and the bottom two clubs in Liga Leumit. After finishing in 5th position, they were not promoted, after second-place finish in the 1974–75 season, Hapoel won Liga Alef North division in the 1975–76 and were promoted to the top division for the first time. After finishing 11th in their first season, they won two matches the next season, and were relegated to Liga Artzit, which was the new second division at the time. This proved to be their last appearance in the top division for the next 31 years, in 1982–83 the club had dropped into Liga Alef, the third tier at the time. In 1998–99 they were promoted to Liga Artzit, however, in 2003–04, the club finished as runners-up, and were promoted back to Liga Leumit. In 2005–06, the club won their first ever piece of silverware, in 2008–09, the club finished as runners-up, and promoted to the Premier League. In the 2010–11 season, the club achieved its best placing to date, on 3 June 2013, an agreement was signed between Hapoel Acre association and the municipality of Acre, and as a result, a new association was appointed by the municipality. In the 2012–13 and 2014–15 seasons, the club finished at the bottom of the league at the end of the regular season, however, they avoided relegation in both occasions, following a strong finish of the bottom play-offs. In the 2015–16 season, the finished second bottom and relegated to Liga Leumit. The clubs traditional ground was the 5, 000-seat Napoleon Stadium in Acre, whilst the ground was being refurbished, the club played in Nazareth Illit at Green Stadium shared with Hapoel Nazareth Illit in the 2009–10 and the 2010–11 seasons. In the 2011–12 season the club played in the first month at Ilut Stadium in Ilut, located near Nazareth in northern Israel, as of 21 June 2016 Momi Zafran Yaron Hochenboim Eli Cohen Shimon Hadari Yuval Naim Alon Harazi Shlomi Dora Yaron Hochenboim Momi Zafran Shlomi Dora Club website
Hapoel Ashkelon F.C.
Hapoel Ashkelon F. C. is an Israeli football club based in Ashkelon. The club is currently in the Israeli Premier League and plays at the 10, after being founded in 1955, Hapoel Ashkelon spent their first few decades in the lower leagues of Israeli football. 1995–96 they won Liga Alef South division and promoted to Liga Artzit and in 1996–97, they achieved second successive promotion, however, the club finished bottom of the division, with a points deduction. In 1999–2000, they were relegated to the tier, before returning to the second tier, after winning Liga Artzit in the 2004–05 season. The club reached the State Cup final for the first time in 2007, at the end of the season, the club finished 11th and relegated to Liga Artzit. In 2008–09, the finished as runners-up in Liga Artzit. In 2009–10, the finished as runners-up in Liga Leumit. Just a season later, the club finished 15th, and relegated back to Liga Leumit, in 2013–14, the club finished 15th in Liga Leumit, and relegated to Liga Alef. The club made a return to Liga Leumit, after winning Liga Alef South division in the following season. In 2015–16, the won the Leumit Toto Cup following a victory of 1–0 against F. C. Ashdod. At the end of the season, they finished as runners-up and made a return to the Israeli Premier League, over the years, Hapoel Ashkelon has developed a tradition of signing Argentine footballers, both Jewish and non-Jewish. Many times, there were two Argentine players who played together and developed a partnership together. Among those who have represented Argentina within the squad have been Bryan Man, Carlos Chacana, Naón Isidro, Jonny Tennenbaum, Fernando Fligman, as to 1 February 2017 Fansite Hapoel Ashkelon The Israel Football Association
Hapoel Be'er Sheva F.C.
Hapoel Beer Sheva Football Club is an Israeli football club from the city of Beersheba, that competes in the Israeli Premier League. The club was founded in 1949, and businesswoman Alona Barkat has run it since 2007, the club also includes youth groups, teens and children, and football schools. The home uniform colors of the club are red and white, until 1959, the club played its home games at a stadium that was located in the old city of Beersheba. In 1960, the moved to Vasermil Stadium. Starting from the 2015–16 season, the ground of the team is Turner Stadium. The club won its first league title in 1975, over the years, the team has won three league titles, three Toto Cups, three Super Cups and one Lilian Cup. Hapoel Beer Sheva were formed in 1949 by Zalman Casspi, casspis ambition was to build a successful team full of talented young players. The clubs first game was against a team from Mefalsim, a kibbutz in Southern Israel, the Mefalsim team was mostly made up of immigrants from South America. The game was played in a stadium in Beer Shevas Old City, at this time Hapoel played in a league with only four other clubs. Hapoel drew their games against Hapoel Rishon LeZion, Hapoel Kfar Saba, in their other game against Hapoel Ramat Gan Beer Sheva lost 4–3. In 1952, the disbanded, but were re-established 3 years later and were granted entry into the Liga Gimel. In the 1956/57 season, the team finished at the top of the league under new manager Yosef Azran, in their final game of the season, they played against Jaffa, winning 5–0, a win which gained them promotion to Liga Bet. Following the clubs promotion to Liga Bet, they appointed Lonia Dvorin as their new manager and he was replaced by Jack Gibbons, who had previously managed Hapoel Petah Tikva to five national titles as well as being the head coach of the Israel National team. In the first game under Gibbons, they played against ZVI Single, however, Hapoel felt that ZVI had played illegally and reported them to the league, which resulted in Hapoel winning the points. In the second game against Maccabi Shaarayim Hapoel won 2–0, the final game against Hapoel Natanya, a 2–1 win for Beer Sheva, granted them promotion to Liga Alef. In 1958/59 Jack Gibbons left the club and was replaced by Yehiel Moore, in 1959/60 the team moved to a new stadium and invited Cypriot side Anorthosis Famagusta to officially open the stadium, the Cypriot side won the game 2–1. At the beginning of the 1960s the team did not try to promote to a higher league, but in 1961–62 the club decided to bring in a foreign coach, Rober Eryol. Eryol was the only Jewish player who played at the time in the Turkey national team
Hapoel Bnei Tamra F.C.
Hapoel Bnei Tamra Football Club was an Israeli football club based in Tamra. A successor club, F. C. Tzeirei Tamra was established in 2013, the club was founded in the 1965. In 1985–86, the club won Liga Bet North A division and was promoted to Liga Alef, in the following season, they dropped into Liga Gimel. In 1995, they were promoted back to Liga Bet but were relegated again in 1997, in 2003, the club returned to Liga Bet. In 2004–05, they won the North B division of Liga Bet, the following season the club won the North Division of Liga Alef, and was promoted to Liga Artzit. In the 2008–09 season, they were relegated back to Liga Alef, the club finished 14th in Liga Alef North, one place above the relegation zone. However, shortly after the end of the season, the IFA demoted the club to Liga Bet due to involvement in match-fixing, the club did not enter Liga Bet in the following season, and folded
Hapoel Herzliya F.C.
Hapoel Herzliya is an Israeli football club based in Herzliya. The club is currently in Liga Alef North division and play their matches at the Herzliya Municipal Stadium. The Hapoel sport club in Herzliya was established in 1928, prior to the Israeli Declaration of Independence, the club played six seasons at the top flight, and appeared for the last time in the 1946–47 Palestine League season, where the club relegated. Following Israeli independence in 1948, the club was placed in Liga Bet, however, in the following season, their spell in Liga Artzit lasted only one season. In 1999–2000 the club won the South A Division of Liga Bet to win promotion to Liga Alef, in 2002–03 Hapoel won the North Division of Liga Alef and were promoted to Liga Artzit. At the end of the 2006–07 season they finished second bottom and were relegated back to Liga Alef. In 2009–10 the club won the South Division of Liga Alef to win promotion to Liga Leumit. in 2011–12 the club finished bottom in Liga Leumit and relegated to Liga Alef, Hapoel Herzliya Ironi Israel Football Association
Hapoel Ironi Kiryat Shmona F.C.
Hapoel Ironi Kiryat Shmona Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Kiryat Shmona. The club are members of the Israeli Premier League and play at the Ironi Stadium. They won their first league title in 2011–12, the merger was initiated by businessman Izzy Sheratzky owner of Ituran Location and Control, who are the official sponsors of the team. In the new clubs first season won the North Division of Liga Alef and were promoted to Liga Artzit. In 2002–03 they finished as runners-up to Hakoah Ramat Gan and were promoted to Liga Leumit, in their first season at the second level they narrowly missed out on promotion, only finishing below runners-up Hapoel Nazareth Illit on goal difference. They finished third again in 2005–06, but won the league in 2006–07 to earn promotion to the Israeli Premier League, in the same season they also won the Liga Leumit Toto Cup. The clubs first season in the Premier League saw them finish third, in their first season in Europe, home matches had to be played at the Kiryat Eliezer Stadium in Haifa. After knocking out FK Mogren, they lost to Litex Lovech in the qualifying round. In 2008–09, the finished bottom of the Premier League and were relegated to Liga Leumit. However, the season they won the division and were promoted back to the Premier League. On 15 December 2009, Ironi Kiryat Shmona won the 2009–10 Toto Cup Leumit, on 19 January 2011, Ironi Kiryat Shmona won the 2010–11 Toto Cup Al, a year after winning the Leumit version of the cup, it was their first major title. In addition, Ironi Kiryat Shmona became the first team to win both first and second Toto Cup trophy in a back-to-back year, on 24 January 2012, Ironi Kiryat Shmona defended their Toto Cup Al by beating Hapoel Tel Aviv in the 2011–12 Toto Cup Al finals. On 2 April 2012, Ironi Kiryat Shmona won the Israeli Premier League and they won the league after finishing their match against runner-up Hapoel Tel Aviv in a goalless draw with five rounds left in the league. Their championship was the first to be won by a team outside the three cities for almost 30 years. On 20 May 2012, The club changed its badge due to UEFA sponsorship rules which forbids the use of a name in both the kit and team badge. Only up to six non-Israeli nationals can be in an Israeli club squad
Hapoel Jerusalem F.C.
Hapoel Jerusalem Football Club is an Israeli football club in Liga Leumit. Hapoel plays at Teddy Stadium in Malha, Jerusalem, Hapoel Jerusalem Club was established in 1926 and played in the inaugural season of the EIFA league, playing the leagues first match against local rivals Maccabi Hasmonean Jerusalem. The club played in the league for its first three seasons, however, the club was restricted to playing mainly in the Jerusalem area due to travelling difficulties. The club participated occasionally in the Palestine Cup, reaching the cup final in 1943, after the establishment of Israel, the club registered to play in the makeshift second tier league, Liga Meuhedet, in the Jerusalem-Central division, which the club won. The club continued to play in the division, until it was promoted to the top division at the end of the 1956–57 season. Following the promotion, the club stayed in the top division for 21 seasons, achieving its best position, 3rd, in 1971–72 the club reached the State Cup final, losing to Hapoel Tel Aviv 0–1. A season later, the reached the cup final again. The club was relegated to the division in 1979. The club continued to yo-yo between the two top divisions in the seasons, playing his last season at the top division in 1999–2000. In 1998, the club reached its fourth cup final, in the early 1990s, the club was transferred to businessmen Yossi Sassi and Victor Yona. The two ran the team together until falling out, leading to a business and legal dispute which lasted until 2009. The fan-based club was established in 2009 and progressed to the Liga Leumit in 2013–14, the club currently plays in second tier Liga Leumit, to which it promoted from Liga Alef in 2010–11. Katamon Stadium was razed in 1982, with the intention to build a modern stadium in its place. The new stadium in Katamon was never built, and instead Teddy Stadium was built in the Malha neighborhood, during the early years, support of the club came mostly from the labour organizations in Israel. City rivals Beitar were identified with the right-wing nationalist organizations, all this played out to create the Jerusalem derby. To this day the rivalry exists, though it is not nearly as heated as both clubs played in the top division of Israeli football. In 2007 a large majority of fans, unhappy with the management of the club, as to 11 February 2017 Club website Hapoel Jerusalem Israel Football Association
Hapoel Katamon Jerusalem F.C.
Hapoel Katamon Jerusalem F. C. is an Israeli fan-owned association football club in Jerusalem, Israel. It was conceived and founded in 2007 by Hapoel Jerusalem fans unhappy with the teams management, the club currently plays in Liga Leumit and is based at Teddy Stadium. At its founding, Hapoel Katamon Jerusalem became the first fan-owned football club in Israel, football club Hapoel Jerusalem was founded in 1926. The team belonged to the Histadrut, Israels organization of workers unions, in 1957, the team advanced for the first time to the top Israeli league. The most important achievement in the history of the club was winning the Israel State Cup in 1973, since the 1980s, Hapoel has lost its lead to Beitar Jerusalem. The team spent the 1980s and 1990s swinging between the 1st and 2nd leagues, eventually, it was purchased by businessman Yosi Sassi in 1993, who appointed his friend, Victor Yona, as chairman. Since the late 1990s, the two got into disputes and legal proceedings, and the team changed hands back and forth between the two. When it became evident that such a deal was impossible. The group, led by journalist Uri Sheradski and supported by future mayor Nir Barkat, bought Hapoel Mevasseret Zion/Abu Ghosh. The new name was taken from Katamon, a neighborhood of Jerusalem where Hapoel Jerusalem played from 1954 until moving to the YMCA Stadium, the first game was played October 19,2007, to a crowd of 3,000, Hapoel Katamon won Hapoel Nahalat Yehuda 2–1. Not all of Hapoel Jerusalem fans supported this move, some believed that creating Katamon was betraying the team, a popular slogan among the critics was love cant be bought for a 1,000 Shekels, a reference to the membership price. However, the number of spectators at Katamon matches has steadily outnumbered that of Hapoel Jerusalem, the club survived for 2 years in this form. In the 2008–09 season the team finished 7th place, during this second season, efforts to merge between Hapoel Katamon and Hapoel Jerusalem resumed, but to no success. Eventually, it was decided by a vote of member-fans to end the cooperation with Hapoel Mevasseret, the main disadvantage was that a newly created team must start out at Liga Gimel, the 5th division. The new club, named Hapoel Katamon Jerusalem, started playing in late September 2009 at the Hebrew University Stadium at Givat Ram, the new management form consists of 3 representatives elected by the fans. Amir Gola, an icon, returned from retirement as a former captain of Hapoel Jerusalem to be captain of the new team. Throughout the 2008/2009 season Hapoel Katamon had a lead, and it finished first in the league. The final home-match was played to a crowd of 4,000
Hapoel Kiryat Shalom F.C.
Hapoel Kiryat Shalom F. C. is an Israeli football club based in the Kiryat Shalom neighborhood of Tel Aviv. The club is notable for being the first interactive fan-managed sports team, the club was established in 1957 and played most of its seasons in the lower divisions, except for eight seasons in the 1960s and the early 1970s in which the club played in third tier Liga Bet. In summer 1969, the merged with another Tel Aviv club, David Tel Aviv. The club played for one season as Hapoel David Kiryat Shalom, the club had another period in Liga Bet, which became fourth tier in 1976, between 1979–80 and 1981–82, but dropped back to Liga Gimel. Web2sport was a company founded by Moshe Hogeg, Shimon Dor, Roy Dvora. Hogeg claimed he was inspired to do after watching Argentina striker Lionel Messi dropped for the game against Germany in the 2006 World Cup, the company purchased Hapoel Kiryat Shalom for €350,000 in June 2007. Having previously had an attendance of around 100, the clubs first game under the new system was watched online by 6,000 people. However, the first result was a 3–2 loss to Maccabi Ironi Or Yehuda, the club finished fourth in this season, but due to the collapse of the hi-tech market, the company was closed in 2008. Registered users of the website, of which there were around 8,000 in October 2007, vote on decisions at the club. Decisions are relayed to the coach as he has a laptop in the dugouts, however, in November 2007 it was discovered that opposition fans had been deliberately substituting the clubs main striker, Zohar Kaminsky, during games. Following this, new guidelines on voting were announced, the club plays in Liga Gimel, the lowest tier of the Israeli football league system, in the Tel Aviv division. In 2014–15, the won the Tel Aviv Division cup and qualified for the nationwide rounds of the State Cup. Fantasy Football Jumps To Another Level Sky News Hapoel Kiryat Shalom IFA
Hapoel Marmorek F.C.
Hapoel Ironi Marmorek Rehovot F. C. commonly known as Hapoel Marmorek, is an Israeli football club based in Rehovot. They are currently in Liga Alef, the level of Israeli football. Home matches are played at the Itztoni Stadium, the club founded in 1949, and played by the early 1960s in Liga Bet, which by then was the third tier of Israeli football. In the 1962–63 season the club promoted to Liga Alef after finished third in Liga Bet South B, in the summer of 1968, the club merged with fellow Rehovot club, Hapoel Rehovot, and the club became officially known since the merger as Hapoel Marmorek-Rehovot. In the 1971–72 season, the won the South Division of Liga Alef and promoted to the top flight of Israeli football, Liga Leumit. However, they finished bottom in their first season in the top flight, Marmorek won Liga Alef South in the 1977–78 season and promoted to Liga Artzit, then relegated back to Liga Alef in the following season. However, they finished bottom, winning only 2 matches out of 35, and relegated to Liga Alef, the club plays at the Itztoni Stadium, which is named after former Marmorek player Tony Sharabi. The stadium has a capacity of 1,500. As of 9 January 2017 Fansite Hapoel Marmorek Haim Rehovot Israel Football Association
Hapoel Petah Tikva F.C.
Hapoel Petah Tikva F. C. is an Israeli football club based in the city of Petah Tikva. Their most successful period was the late 1950s and early 1960s, in which the club won six championships, although they have not won the title since 1963, Hapoel still hold the record for the number of back-to-back titles. The club was established in 1934 and that years tournament, which was known as the War Cup and was boycotted by Beitar-affiliated clubs, was not recognised by the Israel Football Association until recently. Nowadays, the IFA recognize this cup edition as part of the competitions history, the club was included in the new Israeli League in 1949 and finished fourth in the first post-independence championship, with their 3–2 home defeat to Beitar Tel Aviv annulled. In the 1954–55 season the club won their first championship, and they finished second for the next three seasons, winning the cup for the first time in 1957, before winning the title again in 1958–59. They retained the title in 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62 and 1962–63, in both 1959 and 1960 the club also reached the cup final, but lost on both occasions, 4–3 to Maccabi Tel Aviv and 2–1 to Hapoel Tel Aviv respectively. Hapoel finished second in 1964–65 and 1966–68 and reached the cup again in 1968. In the 1974 final they lost 1–0 to Hapoel Haifa after extra time, at the end of the 1975–76 season the club were relegated for the first time in their history, and dropped into Liga Artzit. They returned to the top flight in 1978, but were relegated again at the end of the 1981–82 season, the club returned to Liga Leumit in 1984. In 1986 they won the Toto Cup for the first time, despite a two-point deduction for breaking budget rules, Hapoel finished second in 1988–89 and qualified for the Intertoto Cup. They also finished as runners-up in 1989–90 and 1990–91, winning the Toto Cup in both seasons, in the latter they also reached the State Cup final, but lost 3–1 to Maccabi Haifa. The following year the club reached the final, this time winning, beating Maccabi Tel Aviv 3–1 after extra time. In their first season in Europe, Hapoel beat Strømsgodset 4–0 on aggregate in the first qualifying round, domestically, Hapoel struggled during the 1992–93 season, finishing second from bottom, only avoiding relegation after beating Maccabi Jaffa in a play-off. In 1996–97 Hapoel finished second, qualifying for the UEFA Cup, after beating Flora Tallinn and Vejle in the qualifying rounds they were knocked out by Rapid Vienna. In 2005 they won the Toto Cup for a fourth time. In 2006–07 the club finished bottom of the Israeli Premier League, however, they made an immediate return to the top division after finishing as runners-up in the 2007–08 Liga Leumit, also winning the Liga Leumit Toto Cup. The club have developed a yo-yo pattern, relegated in 2011–12, the club were promoted in 2013–14, before being relegated immediately. The home ground of Hapoel Petah Tikva is HaMoshava Stadium which opened at the end of 2011, as of 22 October 2016 Official WebSite www. 4everblue. co. il Hapoel Petach Tikva Museum The Blue Frontier 06 site
Hapoel Ra'anana A.F.C.
Hapoel Raanana Association Football Club is an Israeli football club, and based in Raanana. They are currently in the Israeli Premier League and play at the Netanya Stadium in Netanya, a Hapoel Raanana was established in 1938. They were placed in the South Division of Liga Bet in 1951–52, the modern club was established in 1972, and in the mid-1990s was playing in Liga Gimel, the lowest tier of Israeli football. In 1995 they started a period of success after they won their division of Liga Gimel and were promoted to Liga Bet. In 1997–98, they won Liga Bet South A division and were promoted to Liga Alef, in 1998–99 they won the North Division of Liga Alef to earn promotion to Liga Artzit. After finishing third in 1999–2000, they won the league the season and were promoted to Liga Leumit. In 2008–09, the club was promoted to the Israeli Premier League for the first time in their history. However, they had to play its matches at Hapoel Kfar Sabas Levita Stadium, as its home ground. In January 2010, the city council published plans for a 7, after a single season in the top division, in which the club finished at the second bottom place, Raanana were relegated to Liga Leumit. After three seasons in Liga Leumit, in 2012–13, Raanana finished runners-up and were promoted again to the Israeli Premier League, in the 2015–16 season, the club achieved its best placing to date, when they finished sixth in the Israeli Premier League. As of 2 February 2017 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Hapoel Tel Aviv F.C.
Hapoel Tel-Aviv Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Tel Aviv. The club currently competes in the Israeli Premier League and plays its matches at the Bloomfield Stadium. To date, the club has won thirteen championships and sixteen State Cups, in 1967 Hapoel Tel Aviv became the first club to win the Asian Club Championships. It is also one of only 3 Israeli teams to have qualified for the UEFA Champions League group stage, the club name, Hapoel, translates to The Worker, and combined with its red Hammer and sickle crest represents the club ties to Socialism and working class. For seven decades, the club was owned by Israeli largest trade union, Hapoel Tel Aviv F. C. was originally established in 1923, but was disbanded soon after. The club was re-formed in 1925, and then for a time in May 1926. In 1927 the club merged with Allenby F. C. giving the club its modern form and it is part of the Hapoel sports association which was affiliated with the Histadrut trade union, and supporters of the club were often referred to as communists. In 1928 the club reached the Palestine Cup final, although they beat Maccabi Hasmonean Jerusalem 2–0, Hapoel fielded an ineligible player, resulting in the cup being shared. The 1934–35 season saw Hapoel led the table, but the championship was abandoned. The 1937–38 season ended the way, with Hapoel top of the league. In the meantime, the won the cup again in 1937,1938 and 1939. In 1939–40 they won their second championship, the following season no national championships were held, but the club won the tournament for Hapoel-affiliated clubs. Following Israeli independence, Hapoel joined the new Israeli League and they won the title in 1956–57 and the State Cup in 1961, beating Hapoel Petah Tikva 2–1. In the 1965–66 season Hapoel won the title, and qualified for the first Asian Club Championships, in the tournament Hapoel were given byes all the way to the final, where they beat Selangor 2–1 to become Asias first club champions. The club also reached the State Cup final that year, Hapoel won the title again in 1968–69, and again qualified for the Asian Club championships. Although they reached the final, they lost 2–1 to Iranian side Taj Club, the following season they reached the cup final again, but lost 1–0 to Hapoel Yehud. A hat-trick of cup final defeats was avoided when they beat Maccabi Tel Aviv 3–2 in the 1982 final, another title was won in 1985–86, and another in 1987–88. However, the following season Hapoel finished bottom of the league and were relegated to the second tier for the first time in their history
FC Kiryat Gat
F. C. Hapoel Kiryat Gat was an Israeli football team based in the southern city of Kiryat Gat. the clubs best achievement was the fifth place in the fourth division, Liga Bet. Currently, only the Womens section is operated by the club, the club is part of Hapoel Association, Since summer 2010. The Club was founded after the dissolving of Beitar Kiryat Gat F. C. that merged with the Major Club in the city, the club formed in Summer 2008. After the first season ever, the club was promoted from Liga Gimel to Liga Bet, at the 2011–12 season, the club finished in the fifth place in Liga Bet South B division. They did not enter Liga Bet in the 2012–13 season and dissolved, the Womens section of the club founded in 2010 and joined the second division of womens football in Israel, Ligat Nashim Shniya. At the end of the 2012–13 season, the club promoted to the first division, Ligat Nashim Rishona. New on the grass, Kiryat Gat F. C. Hebrew F. C. Kiryat Gat Israel Football Association Hebrew F. C. Kiryat Gat Israel Football Association Hebrew
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. The country contains geographically diverse features within its small area. Israels economy and technology center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, in 1947, the United Nations adopted a Partition Plan for Mandatory Palestine recommending the creation of independent Arab and Jewish states and an internationalized Jerusalem. The plan was accepted by the Jewish Agency for Palestine, next year, the Jewish Agency declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Israel, to be known as the State of Israel. Israel has since fought several wars with neighboring Arab states, in the course of which it has occupied territories including the West Bank, Golan Heights and it extended its laws to the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem, but not the West Bank. Israels occupation of the Palestinian territories is the worlds longest military occupation in modern times, efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have not resulted in peace. However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have successfully been signed, the population of Israel, as defined by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, was estimated in 2017 to be 8,671,100 people. It is the worlds only Jewish-majority state, with 74. 8% being designated as Jewish, the countrys second largest group of citizens are Arabs, at 20. 8%. The great majority of Israeli Arabs are Sunni Muslims, including significant numbers of semi-settled Negev Bedouins, other minorities include Arameans, Armenians, Assyrians, Black Hebrew Israelites, Circassians, Maronites and Samaritans. Israel also hosts a significant population of foreign workers and asylum seekers from Africa and Asia, including illegal migrants from Sudan, Eritrea. In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a Jewish, Israel is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage. The prime minister is head of government and the Knesset is the legislature, Israel is a developed country and an OECD member, with the 35th-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product as of 2016. The country benefits from a skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentage of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. The country has the highest standard of living in the Middle East and the third highest in Asia, in the early weeks of independence, the government chose the term Israeli to denote a citizen of Israel, with the formal announcement made by Minister of Foreign Affairs Moshe Sharett. The names Land of Israel and Children of Israel have historically used to refer to the biblical Kingdom of Israel. The name Israel in these phrases refers to the patriarch Jacob who, jacobs twelve sons became the ancestors of the Israelites, also known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Children of Israel. The earliest known artifact to mention the word Israel as a collective is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt. The area is known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Christianity, Islam