Decca Records is a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis. Its U. S. label was established in late 1934 by Lewis, along with American Decca's first president Jack Kapp and American Decca president Milton Rackmil. In 1937, anticipating Nazi aggression leading to World War II, Lewis sold American Decca and the link between the UK and U. S. Decca labels was broken for several decades; the British label was renowned for its development of recording methods, while the American company developed the concept of cast albums in the musical genre. Both wings are now part of the Universal Music Group, owned by Vivendi, a media conglomerate headquartered in Paris, France; the US Decca label was the foundation company that evolved into UMG. The name "Decca" was coined by Wilfred S. Samuel by merging the word "Mecca" with the initial D of their logo "Dulcet" or their trademark "Dulcephone". Samuel, a linguist, chose "Decca" as a brand name; the name dates back to a portable gramophone called the "Decca Dulcephone" patented in 1914 by musical instrument makers Barnett Samuel and Sons.
That company was renamed the Decca Gramophone Co. Ltd. and sold to former stockbroker Edward Lewis in 1929. Within years, Decca Records Ltd. was the second largest record label in the world, calling itself "The Supreme Record Company". Decca continued to run it under that name. In the 1950s the American Decca studios were located in the Pythian Temple in New York City. In classical music, Decca had a long way to go from its modest beginnings to catch up with the established HMV and Columbia labels; the pre-war classical repertoire on Decca was select. The 3-disc 1929 recording of Delius's Sea Drift, arising from the Delius Festival that year, suffered by being crammed onto six sides, being indifferently recorded and expensive. However, it won Decca the loyalty of the baritone Roy Henderson, who went on to record for them the first complete Dido and Aeneas of Purcell with Nancy Evans and the Boyd Neel ensemble. Heinrich Schlusnus made important pre-war lieder recordings for Decca. Decca's emergence as a major classical label may be attributed to three concurrent events: the emphasis on technical innovation, the introduction of the long-playing record, the recruitment of John Culshaw to Decca's London office.
Decca released the stereo recordings of Ernest Ansermet conducting L'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, including, in 1959, the first stereo LP album of the complete Nutcracker, as well as Ansermet's only stereo version of Manuel de Falla's The Three-Cornered Hat, which the conductor had led at its first performance in 1919. John Culshaw, who joined Decca in 1946 in a junior post became a senior producer of classical recordings, he revolutionised recording -- in particular. Hitherto, the practice had been to put microphones in front of the performers and record what they performed. Culshaw was determined to make recordings that would be'a theatre of the mind', making the listener's experience at home not second best to being in the opera house, but a wholly different experience. To that end he got the singers to move about in the studio as they would onstage, used discreet sound effects and different acoustics, recorded in long continuous takes, his skill, coupled with Decca engineering, took Decca into the first flight of recording companies.
His pioneering recording of Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen conducted by Georg Solti was a huge artistic and commercial success. Solti recorded throughout his career for Decca, made more than 250 recordings, including 45 complete opera sets. Among the international honours given Solti for his recordings were 31 Grammy awards – more than any other recording artist, whether classical or popular. In the wake of Decca's lead, artists such as Herbert von Karajan, Joan Sutherland and Luciano Pavarotti were keen to join the company's roster. However, Culshaw was speaking, not the first to do this. In 1951, Columbia Records executive Goddard Lieberson partnered with Broadway conductor Lehman Engel to record a series of unrecorded Broadway musical scores for Columbia Masterworks, including what Engel, in his book The American Musical Theatre: A Consideration, termed "Broadway opera", in 1951, they released the most complete Porgy and Bess recorded up to that time. Far from being a mere rendering of the score, the 3-LP album set used sound effects to realistically recreate the production as if the listener were watching a stage performance of the work.
Until 1947, American Decca issued British Decca classical music recordings. Afterwards, British Decca took over distribution through its new American subsidiary London Records. American Decca re-entered the classical music field in 1950 with distribution deals from Deutsche Grammophon and Parlophone. American Decca began issuing its own classical music recordings in 1956 when Israel Horowitz joined Decca to head its classical music operations. To further American Decca's dedication to serious music, in August of 1950, Rackmill announced the release of a new series of disks to be known as the "Decca Gold Label Series", to be devoted to "symphonies, chamber music, opera and choral music." American and European arti
Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby was an American singer and actor. The first multimedia star, Crosby was a leader in record sales, radio ratings, motion picture grosses from 1931 to 1954, his early career coincided with recording innovations that allowed him to develop an intimate singing style that influenced many male singers who followed him, including Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, Dick Haymes, Dean Martin. Yank magazine said that he was "the person who had done the most for the morale of overseas servicemen" during World War II. In 1948, American polls declared him the "most admired man alive", ahead of Jackie Robinson and Pope Pius XII. In 1948, Music Digest estimated that his recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music. Crosby won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Father Chuck O'Malley in the 1944 motion picture Going My Way and was nominated for his reprise of the role in The Bells of St. Mary's opposite Ingrid Bergman the next year, becoming the first of six actors to be nominated twice for playing the same character.
In 1963, Crosby received the first Grammy Global Achievement Award. He is one of 33 people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, in the categories of motion pictures and audio recording, he was known for his collaborations with longtime friend Bob Hope, starring in the Road to... films from 1940 to 1962. Crosby influenced the development of the postwar recording industry. After seeing a demonstration of a German broadcast quality reel-to-reel tape recorder brought to America by John T. Mullin, he invested $50,000 in a California electronics company called Ampex to build copies, he convinced ABC to allow him to tape his shows. He became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings onto magnetic tape. Through the medium of recording, he constructed his radio programs with the same directorial tools and craftsmanship used in motion picture production, a practice that became an industry standard. In addition to his work with early audio tape recording, he helped to finance the development of videotape, bought television stations, bred racehorses, co-owned the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball team.
Crosby was born on May 3, 1903 in Tacoma, Washington, in a house his father built at 1112 North J Street. In 1906, his family moved to Spokane and in 1913, his father built a house at 508 E. Sharp Avenue; the house sits on the campus of Gonzaga University. It functions today as a museum housing over 200 artifacts from his life and career, including his Oscar, he was the fourth of seven children: brothers Laurence Earl, Everett Nathaniel, Edward John, George Robert. His parents were Harry Lowe Crosby, a bookkeeper, Catherine Helen "Kate", his mother was a second generation Irish-American. His father was of English descent. Through another line on his father's side, Crosby is descended from Mayflower passenger William Brewster. On November 8, 1937, after Lux Radio Theatre's adaptation of She Loves Me Not, Joan Blondell asked Crosby how he got his nickname: Crosby: "Well, I'll tell you, back in the knee-britches day, when I was a wee little tyke, a mere broth of a lad, as we say in Spokane, I used to totter around the streets, with a gun on each hip, my favorite after school pastime was a game known as "Cops and Robbers", I didn't care which side I was on, when a cop or robber came into view, I would haul out my trusty six-shooters, made of wood, loudly exclaim bing! bing!, as my luckless victim fell clutching his side, I would shout bing! bing!, I would let him have it again, as his friends came to his rescue, shooting as they came, I would shout bing! bing! bing! bing! bing! bing! bing! bing!"Blondell: "I'm surprised they didn't call you "Killer" Crosby!
Now tell me another story, Grandpa! Crosby: "No, so help me, it's the truth, ask Mister De Mille."De Mille: "I'll vouch for it, Bing."That story was pure whimsy for dramatic effect and the truth is that a neighbor - Valentine Hobart - named him "Bingo from Bingville" after a comic feature in the local paper called "The Bingville Bugle" which the young Harry liked. In time, Bingo got shortened to Bing. In 1917, Crosby took a summer job as property boy at Spokane's "Auditorium," where he witnessed some of the finest acts of the day, including Al Jolson, who held him spellbound with ad libbing and parodies of Hawaiian songs, he described Jolson's delivery as "electric."Crosby graduated from Gonzaga High School in 1920 and enrolled at Gonzaga University. He did not earn a degree; as a freshman, he played on the university's baseball team. The university granted him an honorary doctorate in 1937. Today, Gonzaga University houses a large collection of photographs and other material related to Crosby.
In 1923, Crosby was invited to join a new band composed of high school students a few years younger than himself. Al Rinker, Miles Rinker, James Heaton, Claire Pritchard and Robert Pritchard, along with drummer Crosby, formed the Musicaladers, who performed at dances both for high school students and club-goers; the group disbanded after two years. Crosby and Al Rinker obtained work at the Clemmer Theatre in Spokane. Crosby was a member of a vocal trio called'The Three Harmo
Clyde Lensley McPhatter was an American rhythm and blues and rock and roll singer. He was one of the most imitated R&B singers of the 1950s and early 1960s and was a key figure in the shaping of doo-wop and R&B. McPhatter's high-pitched tenor voice was steeped in the gospel music he sang in much of his early life, he was the lead tenor of the Mount Lebanon Singers, a gospel group he formed as a teenager. He was the lead tenor of Billy Ward and his Dominoes and was responsible for the initial success of the group. After his tenure with the Dominoes, McPhatter formed his own group, the Drifters, worked as a solo performer. Only 39 at the time of his death, he had struggled for years with alcoholism and depression and was, according to Jay Warner’s On This Day in Music History, "broke and despondent over a mismanaged career that made him a legend but hardly a success."McPhatter left a legacy of over 22 years of recording history. He was the first artist to be inducted twice into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, first as a solo artist and as a member of the Drifters.
Subsequent double and triple inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame are said to be members of the "Clyde McPhatter Club". McPhatter was born in the community of Hayti, in Durham, North Carolina on November 15, although the year is disputed; some sources cite 1932. Author Colin Escott cites 1931, stating that "most biographies quote 1933 or 1934, although government documents cite the earlier year", his grave marker cites his birth year as 1932. He was raised in a Baptist family, the son of the Rev. George McPhatter and his wife Beulah. Starting at the age of five, he sang in his father's church gospel choir along with his three brothers and three sisters; when he was ten, Clyde was the soprano-voiced soloist for the choir. In 1945, Rev. McPhatter moved his family to Teaneck, New Jersey, where Clyde attended Chelsior High School, he worked part-time as a grocery store clerk and was promoted to shift manager upon graduating high school. The family relocated to New York City, where Clyde formed a gospel group, the Mount Lebanon Singers.
In 1950, after winning the coveted Amateur Night at Harlem's Apollo Theater contest, McPhatter returned to his job as a store manager but was recruited by Billy Ward and his Dominoes and was present for the recording of "Sixty Minute Man" for Federal Records, produced by Ralph Bass. Billy Ward and his Dominoes was one of the top R&B vocal groups in the country, garnering more popularity than the Clovers, the Ravens and the Five Keys due to McPhatter's fervent, high-pitched tenor. In his book The Drifters, Bill Millar named Ben E. King, Smokey Robinson of the Miracles, Sammy Turner, Marv Johnson among the many vocalists who patterned themselves after McPhatter. "Most important," he concluded, "McPhatter took hold of the Ink Spots' simple major chord harmonies, drenched them in call-and-response patterns and sang as if he were back in church. In doing so, he created a revolutionary musical style from which—thankfully—popular music will never recover."After recording several more songs with the Dominoes, including "Have Mercy Baby", "Do Something for Me," and "The Bells", McPhatter left the Dominoes on May 7, 1953.
He was sometimes passed off as "Clyde Ward, Billy's little brother." Others assumed it was Billy Ward doing the lead singing. As a member of the Dominoes, McPhatter did not earn much money. In an interview in 1971 McPhatter told journalist Marcia Vance that "whenever I'd get back on the block where everybody'd heard my records—half the time I couldn't afford a Coca-Cola."Due to such occurrences, and, as he was at odds with Ward, McPhatter decided he would quit the Dominoes, intent on making a name for himself. He announced his intention to quit the group, Ward agreed to his leaving provided that McPhatter stayed long enough to coach a replacement. Auditions for a replacement were held at Detroit's Fox Theater, a young Jackie Wilson took over as lead tenor for the Dominoes; the position influenced Wilson's singing style and stage presence. "I fell in love with the man's voice. I toured with the group and watched Clyde and listened..."—and learned. McPhatter and Ward argued, but publicly McPhatter expressed his appreciation of Ward for giving him his start in entertainment.
"I think Billy Ward is a wonderful musician and entertainer. I appreciate all he did for me in giving me my start in show business." Ahmet Ertegün, founder of Atlantic Records and Jerry Wexler, eagerly sought McPhatter after noticing he was not present for an appearance the Dominoes once made at Birdland, "an odd booking for the Dominoes", in Ertegün's words. After locating him, McPhatter was signed to Atlantic on the condition that he form his own group. McPhatter promptly assembled a group and called them the Drifters, they recorded a few tracks in June 1953, including a song called "Lucille," written by McPhatter himself. This group of Drifters did not have the sound Atlantic executives were looking for however, Clyde was prompted to assemble another group of singers; the revised lineup recorded and released such hits as "Money Honey," "Such a Night," "Honey Love," "White Christmas" and "Whatcha Gonna Do," with the record label displaying the group name "Clyde McPhatter & the Drifters" on the first two singles changed to "The Drifters featuring Clyde McPhatter".
In late 1954, McPhatter was inducted into the U. S. Army and assigned to Special Services in the continental United States, which allowed him to continue recording. After his tour of duty, he left the Drifters and launched a solo career; the Drifters continu
Jamie Farr is an American television, film and theatre actor. He is known for playing a cross-dressing corporal from Toledo, bucking for a Section 8 discharge, in the role of Maxwell Q. Klinger in the CBS television sitcom M*A*S*H; as of December 31, 2016, following the death of William Christopher, Farr is the oldest surviving cast member of M*A*S*H. Farr was born in Toledo, Ohio, to Lebanese-American parents Jamelia M. a seamstress, Samuel N. Farah, a grocer, he and his family attended Saint George Antiochian Orthodox Church in Toledo. Farr's first acting success occurred at age 11. After Woodward High School, where he was one of the standouts among his class, Farr attended the Pasadena Playhouse, where a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer talent scout discovered him, offering him a screen test for Blackboard Jungle, he won the role of Santini. With the encouragement of his Toledo mentor, Danny Thomas, he decided to become an actor. Farr's first film roles were as a fruit vendor in Kismet. After this, he was drafted by the United States Selective Service into the United States Army, undergoing his basic training with the 6th Infantry Division, Fort Ord, California, he served for two years, with service in Japan and Korea, making him one of the only two members of the M*A*S*H cast to have served in the United States Armed Forces in Korea.
Although Farr was off to a promising start, roles were infrequent for the young actor, he was cast as a delivery person, a post office clerk, an army store clerk, an airlines reservations agent, as an employee at a chinchilla ranch, all small roles or bit parts. In 1958, Warner Brothers cast him as the co-pilot of a TB-25 in the Andy Griffith military comedy No Time for Sergeants, which brought the young TV comic Don Knotts to motion pictures. Farr appeared as Thaddaeus in the 1965 film The Greatest Story Ever Told, along with minor roles in Who’s Minding the Mint? and With Six You Get Eggroll. Farr got a new acting role on television when, in the late 1950s, he became a regular on The Red Skelton Show before becoming a second banana with Harvey Korman on The Danny Kaye Show. Farr appeared on The Dick Van Dyke Show and was a regular on the gangster-comedy series The Chicago Teddy Bears. In 1964 he appeared in an episode of Hazel as a soon-to-be father, an Italian restaurant owner. Farr worked in TV commercials, including a memorable spot for Wonder Bread.
In October 1972, he was hired for one day’s work as Corporal Maxwell Klinger on the M*A*S*H episode "Chief Surgeon Who?" His character wore dresses to try to convince the army that he was crazy and deserved a Section 8 discharge. Comedy writer and playwright Larry Gelbart has said that comedian Lenny Bruce’s attempt to be released from military service in World War II by dressing in a WAVES uniform was the original inspiration for the character of Klinger on the sitcom, he was asked back for a dozen episodes in the second season and he became a regular in the fourth. His character gave up wearing women’s clothing after taking over the Company Clerk's position after the discharge of Radar O'Reilly. Like most of the characters on M*A*S*H, Corporal Klinger matured as the years passed, he progressed from being a cross-dressing visual joke, became a more sensitive and resourceful character. Klinger's colorful side emerged in new ways, as he used the Toledo wheeler-dealer skills he learned on the streets, to circumvent Army bureaucracy on the 4077's behalf.
His favorite episodes are "Officer of the Day" and "Big Mac". Farr and co-stars Harry Morgan and William Christopher spent two years starring in AfterMASH, the sequel that explored how civilian life treated their characters. While working on M*A*S*H, Farr appeared in The Cannonball Run, Cannonball Run II and Speed Zone, making him the only actor to have appeared in all three Cannonball Run films. Farr was a regular judge on The Gong Show in the late 1970s, he appeared as a panelist on several other game shows including: The $25,000 Pyramid, Super Password, Body Language, Match Game-Hollywood Squares Hour, The $1.98 Beauty Show, The Magnificent Marble Machine and others. He appeared in several made-for-TV movies such as Murder Can Hurt You, Return of the Rebels, Combat Academy. Farr endorsed the U. S. Mars bar in commercials during the 1980s and received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1985. In the 1990s, Farr played the role of Nathan Detroit in a Broadway revival of Dolls. Farr is still active in regional theater and guest-stars on television.
Since 1984, he has hosted an annual women's professional golf tournament on the LPGA tour, the Jamie Farr Toledo Classic, presented by Kroger, Owens Corning and O-I in Sylvania, Ohio. The tournament has raised over $6.5 million for local children's charities. In 1996–97 Farr went on a national tour with The Odd Couple, playing Oscar Madison, playing opposite his old friend William Christopher in the role of Felix Ungar; the two had appeared in several movies before they were cast together in M*A*S*H. On Memorial Day 2007, Farr hosted a multi-episode presentation of M*A*S*H on the Hallmark Channel; the featured episodes showcased Farr's performances on the show, with Farr providing commentary during commercial intermissions. In 2007, Farr played Adam Johnson in Hallmark original movie A Grandpa for Christmas
1937 in music
This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1937. 1937 in British music 1937 in Norwegian music 1937 in country music 1937 in jazz January 24 – Ernest John Moeran completes the revised version of his Symphony in G minor, dedicated to conductor Hamilton Harty. March 6 – Benjamin Britten and Peter Pears first meet, in London. May 12 – At the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in Westminster Abbey, William Walton's ceremonial march, "Crown Imperial" written for his predecessor, King Edward VIII, is performed for the first time. June 2 – The incomplete version of Alban Berg's opera Lulu is premièred in Zürich June 8 – After a New York recital with pianist José Iturbi, violinist Manuel Quiroga is hit by a truck while crossing Times Square. Première of Carl Orff's Carmina Burana in Frankfurt, Germany. November 30 – Ruth Etting divorces Martin Snyder. December 25 – At the age of 70, legendary Italian-born conductor Arturo Toscanini conducts the NBC Symphony Orchestra on U.
S. radio for the first time, beginning his successful 17-year tenure with that orchestra. This first concert consists of music by Vivaldi and Brahms. Millions tune in to listen, including U. S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Perry Como begins singing with the Ted Weems orchestra. Frankie Laine fills Como's vacated position with the Freddie Carlone band. Hank Williams' musical career begins. Sonny Boy Williamson's recording career begins. Renato Carosone obtains his pianoforte diploma. Natalino Otto introduces swing to Italy. John Serry, Sr. joins the Shep Fields Rippling Rhythm Band with Bob Hope. The following songs achieved the highest chart positions in the limited set of charts available for 1937. "It's De-Lovely" – Eddy Duchin "Goodnight My Love" – Benny Goodman and Ella Fitzgerald "This Year's Kisses" – Benny Goodman, Helen Forrest "Marie" – Tommy Dorsey, Jack Leonard, Bunny Berigan "Boo Hoo" – Guy Lombardo "Sweet Leilani" – Bing Crosby "Too Marvelous For Words" – Bing Crosby "They Can't Take That Away From Me" – Fred Astaire "Carelessly" – Teddy Wilson "September In the Rain" – Guy Lombardo "It Looks Like Rain in Cherry Blossom Lane" – Guy Lombardo "The Merry Go-Round Broke Down" – Shep Fields "Where Or When" – Hal Kemp "Smarty" – Fats Waller "A Sailboat in the Moonlight" – Guy Lombardo "Satan Takes A Holiday" – Billy May, Tommy Dorsey "Whispers In the Dark" – Bob Crosby "The Big Apple" – Tommy Dorsey "So Rare" – Guy Lombardo "The Moon Got In My Eyes" – Bing Crosby "That Old Feeling" – Shep Fields "You Can't Stop Me From Dreaming" – Teddy Wilson "Remember Me?"
– Bing Crosby "Once In Awhile" – Tommy Dorsey "The Dipsy Doodle" – Tommy Dorsey "Bob White" – Bing Crosby "Nice Work If You Can Get It" – Fred Astaire "Rosalie" – Sammy Kaye "Vieni, Vieni" – Rudy Vallee "Afraid To Dream" w. Mack Gordon m. Harry Revel "After You" w.m. Sam Coslow & Al Siegel "All God's Chillun Got Rhythm" w. Gus Kahn m. Bronislaw Kaper & Walter Jurmann "All You Want To Do Is Dance" w. Johnny Burke m. Arthur Johnston. Introduced by Bing Crosby in the film Double or Nothing. "Always And Always" w. Bob Wright & Chet Forrest m. Edward Ward "Am I In Love?" w. Al Dubin m. Harry Warren. Introduced by Kenny Baker in the film Mr. Dodd Takes the Air. "Azure" w. Irving Mills m. Duke Ellington " Beginner's Luck" w. Ira Gershwin m. George Gershwin. Introduced by Fred Astaire in the film Shall We Dance "Blossoms On Broadway" w. Leo Robin m. Ralph Rainger "Blue Hawaii" w. Leo Robin m. Ralph Rainger. Introduced by Bing Crosby and Shirley Ross in the film Waikiki Wedding "Bob White" w. Johnny Mercer m.
Bernard Hanighen "Boo-Hoo" w. Edward Heyman m. John Jacob Loeb & Carmen Lombardo "Broken Hearted Clown" w.m. Don Pelosi, Harry Leon "By Myself" w. Howard Dietz m. Arthur Schwartz "Camel Hop" m. Mary Lou Williams "Can I Forget You?" w. Oscar Hammerstein II m. Jerome Kern "Caravan" w. Irving Mills m. Juan Tizol & Duke Ellington "Carelessly" w. Charles Kenny & Nick Kenny m. Norman Ellis "Cause My Baby Says It's So" w. Al Dubin m. Harry Warren "Community Swing" m. Glenn Miller "Dear Mr Gable" w. Joseph McCarthy m. James V. Monaco with extra lyrics Roger Edens "Did Anyone Ever Tell You?" w. Harold Adamson m. Jimmy McHugh. Introduced by Virginia Bruce in the film When Love Is Young "Did Your Mother Come From Ireland?" w.m. Jimmy Kennedy & Michael Carr "Dinner Music For A Pack Of Hungry Cannibals" m. Raymond Scott "The Dipsy Doodle" w.m. Larry Clinton "The Donkey Serenade" w. Robert Wright, George Forrest m. Rudolf Friml & Herbert Stothart "Down With Love" E. Y. "Yip" Harburg, Harold Arlen. Introduced by Vivian Vance, Jack Whiting and June Clyde in the musical Hooray for What!
"Dusk In Upper Sandusky" m. Larry Clinton & Jimmy Dorsey "Easy Living" w. Leo Robin m. Ralph Rainger "Everybody Sing" w. Arthur Freed m. Nacio Herb Brown "A Foggy Day" w. Ira Gershwin m. George Gershwin. Introduced by Fred Astaire in the film A Damsel in Distress "The Folks Who Live on the Hill" w. Oscar Hammerstein II m. Jerome Kern "Foolin' Myself" w. Jack Lawrence m. Peter Tinturin "For Dancers Only" w. Don Raye & Vic Schoen m. Sy Oliver "The Girl On The Police Gazette" w.m. Irving Berlin "God's Country" w. E. Y. Harburg m. Harold Arlen "Gone with the Wind" w. Herb Magidson m. Allie Wrubel "Goodnight Angel" w. Herb Magidson m. Allie Wrubel. Introduced by Jack Oakie and Ann Miller in the revue Radio City Revels and performed in the film version by Kenny Baker. "Got a Pair of New Shoes" w. Arthur Freed m. Nacio Herb Brown. Introduced by Judy Garland in the film Thoroughbreds Don't Cry. "Harbour Lights" w. Jimmy Kennedy m. Hugh Williams "Have You Got Any Castles, Baby?" w. Johnny Mercer m. Richard A. Whiting.
Introduced by Priscilla Lane in the fil
Sammy Kaye was an American bandleader and songwriter, whose tag line, "Swing and sway with Sammy Kaye", became one of the most famous of the Big Band Era. His signature tune was "Harbor Lights". Kaye, born in Lakewood, graduated from Rocky River High School in Rocky River, Ohio. At Ohio University in Athens, Ohio he was a member of Theta Chi Fraternity. Kaye could play the saxophone and the clarinet, but he never featured himself as a soloist on either one. A leader of one of the so-called "Sweet" bands of the Big Band Era, he made a large number of records for Vocalion Records, RCA Victor, Columbia Records, Bell Records, the American Decca record label, he was a hit on radio. Kaye was known for an audience participation gimmick called "So You Want to Lead a Band?" where audience members would be called onto stage in an attempt to conduct the orchestra, with the possibility of winning batons. Kaye was known for his use of "singing of song titles", emulated by Kay Kyser and Blue Barron. Shortly after the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941, Sammy Kaye wrote the music and Don Reid wrote the words to "Remember Pearl Harbor", the tune of, borrowed from Ohio University's "Alma Mater".
On December 17, 1941, RCA Victor recorded the song, with Sammy Kaye's Swing and Sway Band and The Glee Club. His band members included Dale Cornell, John Murawski, Sid Rhein and Marty Oscard. Singers included Don Cornell, Billy Williams, Tommy Ryan, Gary Willner, Barry Frank, Tony Russo, Nancy Norman. All members of the band sometimes sang backing vocals in various combination as the "Kaydets". Kaye had the following shows on network television: The Sammy Kaye Show on CBS Television The Sammy Kaye Show on NBC Television So You Want to Lead a Band on ABC Television Sammy Kaye's Music From Manhattan on ABC Kaye died at Valley Hospital in Ridgewood, New Jersey, his body was returned to Lakewood and after a Mass at St. Christopher Catholic Church in Rocky River, he was buried in the family plot next to his parents at Lakewood Park Cemetery. Prior to his death in 1987, Sammy Kaye left his orchestra to Roger Thorpe of New Paltz, NY. Thorpe, an accomplished music professor at SUNY Dutchess and director of the Dutchess Jazz Ensemble, knew Sammy from over the years.
Thorpe still continues to operate the orchestra to this day. Kaye was posthumously inducted into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1992, for his contribution to the recording industry has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In the musical Bye Bye Birdie, Kaye is mentioned in the lyrics of the song "Kids": "Why can't they dance like we did?/What's wrong with Sammy Kaye?" Kaye is mentioned in the song "Opus No. 1". In October 1939, Kaye's "sweet band" sound was satirized by Charlie Barnet and his Orchestra with the song "The Wrong Idea" written by Charlie Barnet and Billy May. Sammy Kaye wrote or co-wrote the following songs: "Remember Pearl Harbor", "Until Tomorrow", "Belmont Boogie", "Kaye's Melody", "Wanderin'", "I Gotta See a Dream About a Girl", "I Miss Your Kiss" and "Bottoms Up" with Sunny Skylar, "The Midnight Ride", "Hawaiian Sunset". "I Miss Your Kiss" was released as a U. S. War Department V-Disc in May, 1945 as 433A during World War II for American troops overseas. Song of the Open Road Iceland Sammy Kaye's song "Red Silk Stockings and Green Perfume" is featured in the 2011 video game L.
A. Noire Sammy Kaye's song "Daddy" is featured in the 2018 show The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel. Season 2 Episode 6, Lets Face the Dance. Daddy Sammy Kaye on IMDb Official Website
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo