Hardcore hip hop

Hardcore hip hop is a genre of hip hop music that developed through the East Coast hip hop scene in the 1980s. Pioneered by such artists as Run-D. M. C. Schoolly D, Boogie Down Productions and Public Enemy, it is characterized by anger and confrontation. Music experts have credited Run-DMC as the first hardcore hip hop group. Other early artists to adopt an aggressive style were Schoolly D in Philadelphia and Too $hort in Oakland. Before a formula for gangsta rap had developed, artists such as Boogie Down Productions and Ice-T wrote lyrics based on detailed observations of "street life", while the chaotic, rough style of Public Enemy's records set new standards for hip hop production. In the late 1980s, hardcore rap became synonymous with West Coast gangsta rap, with artists like N. W. A infusing Gangsta themed stories of gritty gang life. In the early 1990s, Wu-Tang Clan emerged with minimalistic beats and piano-driven sampling, which became popular among other hardcore hip hop artists of the time.

Gangsta rap has been associated with the style. Hardcore hip hop is characterised by aggression and confrontation and describes violence or anger. Russell Potter wrote that while hardcore rap has been associated with a "monolithic'gangsta' outlook" by the popular press, hardcore rappers have "laid claim to a wide variety of ground"; the Dozens

1978 NSWRFL season

The 1978 NSWRFL season was the 71st season of the NSWRFL Premiership, Sydney's professional rugby league football competition, Australia's first. Twelve clubs, including six of 1908's foundation teams and another six from around Sydney competed for the J J Giltinan Shield and WD & HO Wills Cup during the season, which culminated in a grand final between the Manly-Warringah and Cronulla-Sutherland clubs, drawn and had to be re-played. NSWRFL teams competed for the 1978 Amco Cup; this season video citing was introduced for incidents of foul play that are not detected on the field. Twenty-two regular season rounds were played from March till August, resulting in a top five of Western Suburbs, Cronulla-Sutherland, Manly-Warringah and Canterbury-Bankstown who battled it out in the finals. Mick Cronin set a new record for most points scored by an individual in Australian club rugby league history with his tally of 282 points from 25 games in 1978; this record would stand for another twenty years. He broke Arthur Oxford's 1920 record for consecutive goals with 26 in a row.

In a tragic accident during the match between Penrith and Newtown at Henson Park on 28 May, rookie Panther prop John Farragher broke his neck in a scrum and was left a quadriplegic. The 1978 season's Rothmans Medallist was Parramatta centre Mick Cronin. Rugby League Week gave their player of the year award to Parramatta forward Geoff Gerard; the 1978 season was the last in the playing career of future Australian Rugby League Hall of Fame inductee, Ron Coote. Manly had finished the regular season in the strong position of equal second with Cronulla, three points behind minor premiers Wests; however after Cronulla beat Manly 17-12 in the qualifying final, every game from that point was a sudden-death fixture for the Sea-Eagles. The second week of finals saw Manly come from 13-3 behind Parramatta to draw 13-all in the semi-final requiring a mid-week replay. Again in that match Parramatta led, before Manly stormed home with three late tries in ten minutes to win 17-11. In the week following the game, Parramatta unsuccessfully attempted to have the match annulled and replayed due to Manly scoring a try on what was found to be a 7th tackle, a mistake by referee Greg Hartley.

Manly had to back up a few days to play a fresh Wests side in the Preliminary Final. Thus far the Magpies had only played one final to Manly's three. Wests had two tries disallowed by referee Greg Hartley. Manly coach Frank Stanton somehow coaxed a courageous effort out of his exhausted players and on field, five-eighth Alan Thompson was inspirational as they triumphed 14-7 and reached the Grand Final. In the Grand Final, Cronulla went to a 9-4 lead in the second half before Manly came back to hit the front 11-9. A Steve Rogers penalty squared it at 11-all but he missed a desperate late field-goal attempt and at full-time the scores remained locked. For the second consecutive season the weary Grand Finalists were required to play a mid-week rematch three days later. Manly 11 Cronulla 11 The Tuesday rematch in front of 33,552 was Manly's sixth game in twenty-four days, it was the second Grand Final in a row to end up going into a mid-week replay with the 1977 Grand Final between St George and Parramatta needing a re-match to decide the Premiers after the original game had been a 9-all draw.

In the first half Cronulla had no answer to Graham Eadie's blind-side bursts. His display routed the hapless Sharks and Manly went to the break holding a 15-0 lead thanks to a try by Eadie in the scoreboard corner, one he set up for centre Russel Gartner in the same corner, another 65 metre effort by Gartner after a sweeping backline movement saw him run into open space and outpace the Sharks defence to score in front of the Sheridan Stand; the only points in the second half came from a field goal by Eadie. In the replay, as throughout their extraordinary finals campaign, Manly were inspired by the leadership of captain Max Krilich and coach Frank Stanton, their iron-man Terry Randall who had required numerous pain killing injections before every game of the finals just to be able take the field in what Frank Stanton called sheer mind over matter, their cool five eighth Alan Thompson and classy fullback and Man of the Match Graham Eadie; as of the 2015 NRL Grand Final, no player since Eadie has scored the combination of a try, a goal and a field-goal in a Grand Final.

The refereeing of Greg "Hollywood" Hartley in the replay and throughout the 1978 Finals series attracted criticism from coaches Roy Masters, Jack Gibson and Terry Fearnley, all of whom appealed to the NSWRFL to prohibit Hartley from refereeing their clubs' matches the following season. Manly-Warringah 16 Cronulla-Sutherland 0 Man of the Match: Graham Eadie Venue: Sydney Cricket Ground Attendance: 33,552 Referee: Greg Hartley Rugby League Tables - Season 1978 The World of Rugby League Results: 1971-80 at 1978 J J Giltinan Shield and WD & HO Wills Cup at NSWRFL season 1978 at


Ehud ben‑Gera is described in the biblical Book of Judges as a judge, sent by God to deliver the Israelites from Moabite domination. He is described as being left-handed and a member of the Tribe of Benjamin. According to Judges 3:12-30, Ehud was sent to the Moabite King Eglon on the pretext of delivering the Israelites' annual tribute, he made a double-edged shortsword about a cubit useful for a stabbing thrust. Being left-handed, he could conceal the sword on his right thigh. Once they met, Ehud told Eglon. Eglon allowed Ehud to meet him in private. Ehud said, "I have a message from God for you", drew his sword, stabbed the king in his abdomen. After Ehud stabbed the king, the end of Judges 3:22 reads in Hebrew vayyetze hap-parshedonah, a phrase of uncertain meaning; the sword disappeared into the wound and Ehud left it there. He left. Eglon's assistants found the doors locked. Assuming that he was relieving himself, they waited "to the point of embarrassment" before unlocking the door and finding their king dead.

Ehud escaped to the town of Seraiah in Ephraim. He sounded the shofar and rallied the Israelite tribes, who killed the Moabites, cutting off the fords of the Jordan River, invaded Moab itself, killing about 10,000 Moabite soldiers. After the death of Eglon, the narrative reports. Coogan argues that the story of Ehud was a folk tale of local origin, edited by the Deuteronomistic historians; the Deuteronomistic historians “incorporated a variety of existing sources into their narrative of life in early Israel” and the story of Ehud is one such example of a “previously existing source”, edited to include “the cyclical pattern” typical of the stories of the major judges. This pattern consists of apostasy, crying out to the Lord, rescue and it is present in the tale of Ehud: apostasy and hardship occur in Judges 3.12, “The Israelites again did what was evil in the sight of the Lord. The “crying out to the Lord” and the subsequent rescue are evident in Judges 3.15: “but when the Israelites cried out to the Lord, the Lord raised up for them a deliverer, Ehud son of Gera.”

The rather lively and glorious tale is ended with the refrain of “and the land had rest 80 years,” an editorially constructed ending typical to Gideon and other “major” judge stories in the book of Judges. He was the second judge chosen by God. Barry Webb sees Ehud as "directed by the Lord, who used this most unlikely hero to bring deliverance to his undeserving but desperate people"; the etymology of Ehud's name is unknown. Biblical judges Book of Judges Book of Judges article of the Jewish Encyclopedia The story of Ehud retold for children