Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University is a private Baptist university in Abilene, Texas. Hardin–Simmons University was founded as Abilene Baptist College in 1891 by the Sweetwater Baptist Association and a group of cattlemen and pastors who sought to bring Christian higher education to the Southwest; the purpose of the school would be "to lead students to Christ, teach them of Christ, train them for Christ." The original land was donated to the university by rancher C. W. Merchant, it was the first school of higher education established in Texas west of Fort Worth. The school was renamed Simmons College in 1892 in honor of an early contributor, James B. Simmons. By 1907 it claimed an enrollment of 524 and a staff of 49. In 1925, it became Simmons University, it was renamed Hardin–Simmons University in 1934 in honor of Mary and John G. Hardin, who were major contributors; the university has been associated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas since 1941. The university publicly experienced financial challenges in the late 2010s continuing into 2020 as the state and the Baptist General Convention of Texas reduced the funding levels of programs in which the university participates.

In 2018, the university ended 9 undergraduate and 4 graduate programs and closed 5 campus extensions. These changes included terminations of staff and faculty. Two years in 2020, the university announced that it would close Logsdon Seminary and end an additional 22 academic programs with accompanying terminations of staff and faculty. 1892–1894 Rev. W. C. Friley 1894–1898 Dr. George O. Thatcher 1898–1901 Dr. O. C. Pope 1901–1902 The Rev. C. R. Hairfield 1902–1909 Dr. Oscar Henry Cooper 1909–1940 Dr. Jefferson Davis Sandefer, Sr. 1940–1940 Dr. Lucian Q. Campbell 1940–1943 Dr. William R. White 1943–1953 Dr. Rupert N. Richardson–Wrote the personal reflection, Famous Are Thy Halls: Hardin–Simmons University As I Have Known It 1953–1962 Dr. Evan Allard Reiff 1962–1963 Dr. George L. Graham 1963–1966 Dr. James H. Landes 1966–1977 Dr. Elwin L. Skiles 1977–1991 Dr. Jesse C. Fletcher 1991–2001 Dr. Lanny Hall 2001–2008 Dr. W. Craig Turner 2009–2016 Dr. Lanny Hall 2016– Eric Bruntmyer J. D. HSU offers six undergraduate degrees with 70 majors, seven graduate degrees with 18 programs.

Pre-professional programs include dentistry, medicine, pharmacology, physical therapy, seminary. HSU offers courses in geography, Hebrew and physical sciences, as well; the university offers a doctorate in physical therapy, the first in Texas, open to private citizens, as well as Doctor of Education, Doctor of Ministry and a Doctor of Science degrees. HSU students come from a variety of Christian denominations. With an approximate enrollment of 2,500 students, the student-to-teacher ratio is 12:1. In 2016, U. S. News & World Report ranked Hardin-Simmons 33 among Regional Universities in the West; that same year, Princeton Review included the university among its Best Western Colleges. HSU's Student Activities host an event on campus every week of the semester, including concerts, movie nights, game nights, pool parties, SMORES cookouts, volleyball tournaments, much more; the basement of the Student Center is a place for students to relax. It is complete with giant flat-screen TVs, cutting-edge gaming systems, bowling and ping-pong, all which can be used for free.

Hardin–Simmons offers numerous opportunities to get involved: All-School SING, Campus Recreations, Greek Life, Six White Horses, Student Congress, Student Activities, International Club, International Student Fellowship, The Brand, The Bronco and recreational sports, various academic clubs, the World Famous Cowboy Band, Spurs Dance Team, HSU Cheerleaders. Opportunities exist for students to minister to each other and to the extended Christian community at HSU. Chapel services are held weekly for the entire student body. Neighborhood outreach programs are available in which students can participate. Baptist Student Ministries offers free noon lunches for students every Wednesday; the BSM provides possibilities for students to get involved in Bible study groups and go on mission trips, in addition to hosting concerts and other campus events. Campus resources include career services, a writing center, academic advisors, library services, faculty mentors, disability services, health services, peer mentors, counseling.

HSU's grounds include three apartment complexes. Campus infrastructure is built in classic brick architecture, the school’s golden-domed, red brick clock tower serves as its signature building, along with the 30 by 41-ft stained glass wall of Logsdon chapel, on the campus' southeast corner. HSU was named one of the 50 Most Beautiful Christian Colleges and Universities in 2017. Western Heritage Day is an annual celebration of the heritage and way of life in the American frontier that has occurred since the Abilene Centennial Celebration in 1981; the event is held on the HSU campus and includes activities such as trick roping, pit branding, chuck wagon snacks, a small farm animal petting area. The activities have become a fun educational opportunity for Abilene-area elementary school-aged children. Hardin–Simmons was a member of the Border Intercollegiate Athletic Association from 1941 to 1961, during which time the football team won three conference championships. For t

John Piper (artist)

John Egerton Christmas Piper CH was an English painter and designer of stained-glass windows and both opera and theatre sets. His work focused on the British landscape churches and monuments, included tapestry designs, book jackets, screen-prints, photography and ceramics, he was educated at Epsom College and trained at the Richmond School of Art followed by the Royal College of Art in London. He turned from abstraction early in his career, concentrating on a more naturalistic but distinctive approach, but worked in several different styles throughout his career. Piper was an official war artist in World War II and his wartime depictions of bomb-damaged churches and landmarks, most notably those of Coventry Cathedral, made Piper a household name and led to his work being acquired by several public collections. Piper collaborated with many others, including the poets John Betjeman and Geoffrey Grigson on the Shell Guides, the potter Geoffrey Eastop and the artist Ben Nicholson. In his years he produced many limited-edition prints.

John Piper was born in Epsom, the youngest of three sons of the solicitor Charles Alfred Piper and his wife Mary Ellen Matthews. During Piper's childhood, Epsom was still countryside, he went exploring on his bicycle, drew and painted pictures of old churches and monuments on the way. He started making guide books complete with pictures and information at a young age. Piper's brothers both served in the First World War and one of them was killed at Ypres in 1915. John Piper attended Epsom College from 1919, he found refuge in art. When he left Epsom College in 1922, Piper published a book of poetry and wanted to study to become an artist. However, his father disagreed and insisted he join the family law firm, Smith & Piper in Westminster. Piper worked beside his father in London for three years, took articles, but refused the offer of a partnership in the firm; this refusal left him free to attend Richmond School of Art. At Richmond, the artist Raymond Coxon prepared Piper for the entrance exams for the Royal College of Art, which he entered in 1928.

While studying at Richmond, Piper met Eileen Holding, a fellow student, whom he married in August 1929. Piper disliked the regime at the Royal College of Art and left in December 1929. Piper and his wife lived in Hammersmith and held a joint exhibition of their artworks at Heal's in London in 1931. Piper wrote art and music reviews for several papers and magazines. One such review, of the artist Edward Wadsworth's work, led to an invitation from Ben Nicholson for Piper to join the Seven and Five Society of modern artists. In the following years Piper was involved in a wide variety of projects in several different media; as well as abstract paintings, he produced collages with the English landscape or seaside as the subject. He drew a series on Welsh nonconformist chapels, produced articles on English typography and made arts programmes for the BBC, he experimented with placing constructions of dowelling rods over the surface of his canvases and with using mixtures of sand and paint. With Myfanwy Evans, Piper founded the contemporary art journal Axis in 1935.

As the art critic for The Listener, through working on Axis and by his membership of the London Group and the Seven and Five Society, Piper was at the forefront of the modernist movement in Britain throughout the 1930s. In 1935 Piper and Evans began documenting Early English sculptures in British churches. Piper believed that Anglo-Saxon and Romanesque sculptures, as a popular art form, had parallels with contemporary art. Through Evans, Piper met John Betjeman in 1937 and Betjeman asked Piper to work on the Shell Guides he was editing. Piper illustrated the guide to Oxfordshire, focusing on rural churches. In March 1938 Stephen Spender asked Piper to design the sets for his production of Trial of a Judge. Piper's first one-man show in May 1938 included abstract paintings, collage landscapes and more conventional landscapes, his second in March 1940 at the Leicester Galleries, featuring several pictures of derelict ruins, was a sell-out. Piper had first met Myfanwy Evans in 1934 and early the next year, when his wife Eileen left him for another artist and Evans moved into an abandoned farmhouse at Fawley Bottom in the Chilterns near Henley-on-Thames.

The farmhouse had no mains water and no telephone connection. They married in 1937, they converted the farm's outbuildings to studios for their artworks, but it was not until the 1960s that they could afford to modernise the property. At the start of World War II, Piper volunteered to work interpreting aerial reconnaissance photographs for the RAF, but was persuaded by Sir Kenneth Clark to work as an official war artist for the War Artists' Advisory Committee, which he did from 1940 to 1944 on short-term contracts. Piper was one of only two artists, the other being Meredith Frampton, commissioned to paint inside Air Raid Precaution control rooms. Early in 1940 Piper was secretly taken to the ARP underground centre in Bristol, where he painted two pictures. In November 1940 Piper persuaded the WAAC committee that he should be allowed to concentrate upon painting bombed churches; this may have reflected his pre-war conversion to the Anglican faith as much as his previous interest in depicting derelict architectural ruins.

The terms of this commission meant Piper would be visiting bombed cities, other sites, as soon as possible after an air raid: "the following morning, before the clearing up". Hence he arrived in Coventry the morning after the Coventry Blitz air raid of 14 November 1940 that resulted in 1000 casualties and the destruction of the medieval Coven

The Hollywood Flames

The Hollywood Flames were an American R&B vocal group in the 1950s, best known for their No. 5 hit "Buzz-Buzz-Buzz" in 1957. They formed as The Flames in 1949, in Watts, Los Angeles, United States, at a talent show where members of various high school groups got together; the original members were David Ford, Curlee Dinkins and Willie Ray Rockwell. Rockwell was replaced by Clyde Tillis, Ford sometimes sang lead, their first paying gig was at Johnny Otis's Barrelhouse Club. They first recorded in 1950 for the Selective label, the following year, billed as The Hollywood Four Flames, released "Tabarin", a song written by Murry Wilson, they recorded another Wilson song, "I'll Hide My Tears". Over the years the group, under various names, is believed to have recorded for about nineteen different record labels, including Aladdin and Specialty. Although they had no big hits for several years, they were a successful local act in the Los Angeles area; the group had a series of personnel changes, with Rockwell being replaced by Gaynel Hodge, for a short while Dinkins being replaced by Curtis Williams.

Hodge and Williams, with Jesse Belvin, were co-writers of The Penguins' "Earth Angel". In 1953, they released the sketch for this song "I Know" on the label Swing Time. Believed to be the first song to present the 6/8 piano-attacca known from later'50s hits such as "Only You" and "Ain't That a Shame". By 1954, the group were billed as The Hollywood Flames, but recorded as The Turks, The Jets, The Sounds. David Ford and Gaynel Hodge recorded with Jesse Belvin and Hodge's brother Alex, as The Tangiers, before the Hodge brothers left The Hollywood Flames in 1955 to form a new version of The Turks, he was replaced by Earl Nelson, who had recorded with Byrd as The Voices, with Byrd formed the duo Bob & Earl. In 1957, the group - Byrd, Ford and Nelson - signed with Class Records, where Byrd was renamed "Bobby Day"; the group recorded as The Hollywood Flames, as Bobby Day & the Satellites, as Earl Nelson & the Pelicans. In July 1957, Bobby Day & the Satellites recorded "Little Bitty Pretty One", covered more by Thurston Harris.

That year, The Hollywood Flames – with Nelson singing lead – released "Buzz-Buzz-Buzz", co-written by Byrd, which reached No. 5 on the R&B chart and No. 11 on the pop chart. Byrd left The Hollywood Flames, but continued to release singles, at first as Bobby Day & the Satellites, as a solo performer, his greatest success came in 1958 with "Rockin' Robin". On August 4, 1958, the Hollywood Flames appeared as part of a Dr. Jive show. Others on the show were Larry Williams, The Cadillacs, Little Anthony & the Imperials, The Skyliners, Frankie Lymon, the Clintonian Cubs, Eugene Church. After this, Curtis Williams quit; the new members were tenor Eddie Williams and baritone Ray Brewster who joined in 1958. The whole group picked up and moved to New York, after securing a contract with Atlantic Records' Atco subsidiary. In December 1959, they had their first Atco release: "Every Day, Every Way" b/w "If I Thought You Needed Me". Atco arranged. Others on the show were: Lloyd Price, Tarheel Slim & Little Ann, The Five Keys.

They were back at the Apollo on February 1960 for another Dr. Jive show; this time they shared the stage with Johnny Nash, The Flamingos, Nappy Brown, Tiny Topsy, The Centurians, Eugene Church, Barrett Strong, Jean Sampson, The Fidelitys. In April 1960, Atco released "Chain" led by Earl Nelson. "I Found A Boy" was sung by Eddie Williams and an unknown female vocalist who recorded this one record with the Hollywood Flames. At the same session with Atco and the Flames recorded "Devil Or Angel" and "Do You Ever Think of Me"; the Hollywood Flames made one record for Chess out of their Chicago studio "Gee" and "Yes They Do", released in March 1961. In 1962, Ray became lead vocalist of the New York-based Cadillacs; the Hollywood Flames continued to record for several more years, with a fluctuating line-up, the only constant being David Ford. The last version of the group split up around 1967. Earl Nelson known as Jackie Lee, died on July 12, 2008. On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed The Hollywood Flames among hundreds of artists whose material was destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire.

The song "Buzz-Buzz-Buzz" was featured in the 2001 film Blow. Marv Goldberg's R&B Notebook