Kizhakkayil Mathew Chandy is the ex-governor of the Indian states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and the Union Territory of Pondicherry
B. D. Sharma
Pt. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma, popularly known as Panditji, was the first Chief Minister of the Indian state of Haryana and Governor of Odisha and Madhya Pradesh from 30 April 1980 to 14 May 1984, he was born in Beri, a town in the Jhajjar district of Haryana on 26 January 1918. Bansi Lal, Bhajan Lal and many other noted politicians learned politics under his guidance. Panditji married Savitri Devi and they had six children, he was educated at Banaras Hindu University, Banaras. His eldest son Sh. Rajesh Sharma became Deputy Chairman of the State's Planning Board. After his wife Savitri's death, Panditji built "Savitri Nikunj", in her memory, an exotic garden with indigenous and rare plants and trees at Raj Bhawan in Bhopal. Participated in the freedom struggle from 1941–47 Awarded jail for 1 year in 1941 Awarded jail for 3.5 years in 1942 Member of Indian labourers delegation to ILO in 1957 and 1958 All-India Trade Union Congress Secretary and President in 1959-61 Member of Punjab Legislative Assembly and Minister of State for Labour and Cooperatives from 1962–66Sharma became Chief Minister of Haryana on 10 March 1967 resigned to be replaced by Rao Birender Singh on 24 March 1967.
Rajya Sabha member from 1968–74 ALL India congress Working Committee member from 1970-1972Appointed Governor of Odisha in 1977, during his time in the state, he became patron of many social and cultural institutions. To develop tourism in Odisha, he suggested that the summer Raj Bhavan at Puri should be converted to a high class hotel for international tourists with facilities for golf and tennis as well as a large hall for holding conferences; the Indian Tourist Development Corporation was subsequently asked to take up the venture. Sharma was actively involved in the administrative committee of the Hindu Jagannath temple in Puri, he subsequently transferred to Madhya Pradesh. During his career, Panditji travelled to Switzerland, the UK, the USSR, Germany, USA, a number of other European countries Pandiji died on 22 February 1993 because of gradual declining health and old age. Huge numbers of people from all over world attended his funeral, his cremation took place at Beri, Haryana. A tomb place has been built at the site of his cremation in Beri.
Pt Bhagwat Dayal Sharma University of Health and Sciences, Rohtak was named after him.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pandit_Bhagwat_Dayal_Sharma_Post_Graduate_Institute_of_Medical_Sciences
M. F. Husain
Maqbool Fida Husain was a modern Indian painter of international acclaim, a founding member of Bombay Progressive Artists' Group. Husain is associated with Indian modernism in the 1940s, his early association with the Bombay Progressive Artists' Group used modern technique, was inspired by the "new" India after The Partition of 1947. His narrative paintings, executed in a modified Cubist style, can be caustic and funny as well as serious and sombre, his themes—sometimes treated in series—include topics as diverse as Mohandas K. Gandhi, Mother Teresa, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the British raj, motifs of Indian urban and rural life. Early in his painting career, until his death, he enjoyed depicting the lively and free spirit of horses in many of his works. Husain is the internationally recognized Indian artist of the 20th century. Husain is known for his paintings, but is known for his drawings and his work as a printmaker and filmmaker; some of his works stirred controversy, as they depicted traditional deities of India in non-traditional ways including nude portrayals of the deities.
He directed a few movies. In 1967, he received the National Film Award for Best Experimental Film for Through the Eyes of a Painter. In 2004, he directed Meenaxi: A Tale of Three Cities, a film he worked on with his artist son Owais Husain, screened in the Marché du film section of the 2004 Cannes Film Festival. Husain was born on 17 September 1915 in Pandharpur, Maharashtra to a Sulaymani Bohra family who trace their roots back to Gujarat within the last 200 years, originally to Yemen, he picked up taste in art through studying calligraphy. Husain attended the Sir Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art in Mumbai. Early in his career Husain painted cinema posters in Mumbai. To earn extra money, he worked for a toy company building toys, he travelled to Gujarat to paint landscapes when he could afford to. Husain developed his painting skills in the 1930s, painting billboards for the growing Bollywood film industry; this was a clique of young artists who wished to break with the nationalist traditions established by the Bengal school of art and to encourage an Indian avant-garde, engaged at an international level.
The artists cite "The Partition" of India and Pakistan 14 August 1947, with its resulting religious rioting and heavy loss of life as their reason for forming The Progressive Artist's Group in Bombay in December 1947. The artists saw the Partition as a "turning point" for India, their new style of art was urged on by, was a turning point for, Indian Art. Husain's first solo exhibit was in 1952 in Zurich, his first U. S. A. exhibit was at India House in New York in 1964. His biography written by Akhilesh "Maqbool" is the most appreciated book published by Rajkamal Prakashan New Delhi He was awarded the prestigious Padma Shri in 1966. In 1967, he made his first film,Through the Eyes of a Painter It was shown at the Berlin International Film Festival and won a Golden Bear short film award. Husain was a special invitee along with Pablo Picasso at the Sao Paulo Biennial in 1971, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1973 and was nominated to the Rajya Sabha in 1986. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1991.
His paintings hurt the religious sentiments of Hindu nationalist groups, which beginning in the 1990s mounted a campaign of protest against him. The paintings in question were created in 1970, but did not become an issue until 1996, when they were printed in Vichar Mimansa, a Hindi monthly magazine, which published them in an article headlined "M. F. Husain: A Painter or Butcher". In response, eight criminal complaints were filed against him. In 2004, Delhi High Court dismissed these complaints of "promoting enmity between different groups... by painting Hindu goddesses – Durga and Sarswati, compromised by Hindu fundamentalist groups." In 1998 Husain's house was attacked by Hindu fundamentalist groups like Bajrang Dal and art works were vandalised. The leadership of another fundamentalist political party Shiv Sena endorsed the attack. Twenty-six Bajrang Dal activists were arrested by the police. Protests against Husain led to the closure of an exhibition in England, he has produced & directed several movies, including Gaja Gamini.
The film was intended as a tribute to Ms. Dixit herself. In this film she can be seen portraying various forms and manifestations of womanhood including the muse of Kalidasa, the Mona Lisa, a rebel, musical euphoria, he appeared in a scene in film Mohabbat, which had Madhuri Dixit in lead role. In the film, the paintings that were done by Madhuri were Husain's, he went on to make Meenaxi: A Tale of Three Cities. The film was pulled out of cinemas a day after some Muslim organisations raised objections to one of the songs in it; the All-India Ulema Council complained. It argued; the council was supported by Muslim organisations like the Milli Council, All-India Muslim Council, Raza Academy, Jamiat-ul-Ulema-e-Hind and Jamat-e-Islami. Husain's son stated that the words were a phrase referring to divine beauty that were being sung by the central character played by Tabu, he said. Following the wave of protests the enraged artist withdrew his movie from cinemas; the film was well received by the critics and went on to win various awards.
In February 2006, Husain was charged with "hurting sentiments of people" because of his nude port
Adoor Gopalakrishnan is an Indian film director, script writer, producer. Adoor Gopalakrishnan had a major role in revolutionising Malayalam cinema during the 1970s and is regarded as one of the most notable filmmakers of India. Adoor's first film Swayamvaram is credited for pioneering the new wave cinema movement in Kerala along with Olavum Theeravum and Athidhi. Most of his films go to festivals around the world, are released in Kerala. Eleven films he directed, from Swayamvaram to Oru Pennum Randaanum, were screened at several international film festivals and won him several national and international awards, he won National Film Awards 16 times, Kerala State Film Awards 17 times and won several international film awards. He won the prestigious British Film Institute Award for Elippathayam. Adoor received the Padma Shri in 1984 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2006; the Nation honoured Adoor for his valuable contributions to Indian cinema by awarding him the highest cinema award of India, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2004.
Adoor has made only 12 feature films in his career. Gopalakrishnan was born on 3 July 1941 in the village of Mannadi near Adoor, present day Kerala, India as the son of Madhavan Unnithan and Mouttathu Gauri Kunjamma, he started his artistic life as an actor in amateur plays when he was 8. He shifted his base to writing and direction and wrote and directed a few plays. After securing a degree in Economics, Political Science and Public Administration in 1961 from the Gandhigram Rural Institute, he worked as a Government officer near Dindigul in Tamil Nadu. In 1962, he left his job to study direction from the Pune Film Institute, he completed his course from there with a scholarship from the Government of India. With his classmates and friends, Adoor established Chithralekha Film Society and Chalachithra Sahakarana Sangham. Adoor has directed eleven feature films and about thirty short films and documentaries. Notable amongst the non-feature films are those on Kerala’s performing arts. Adoor's debut film, the national award-winning Swayamvaram was a milestone in Malayalam film history.
The film was exhibited in various international film festivals including those held in Moscow, Melbourne and Paris. The films that followed namely Kodiyettam, Mukhamukham, Mathilukal and Kathapurushan lived up to the reputation of his first film and were well received by critics at various film festivals and fetched him many awards. However, Mukhamukham was criticized in Kerala while Vidheyan was at the centre of a debate due to the differences in opinion between the writer of story of the film Sakhariya and Adoor. Adoor's films are Nizhalkuthu, narrating the experiences of an executioner who comes to know that one of his subjects was innocent, Naalu Penungal, a film adaptation of four short stories by Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai. All his films have won international awards. Adoor’s third feature, Elippathayam won him the coveted British Film Institute Award for'the most original and imaginative film' of 1982; the International Film Critics Prize has gone to him six times successively for Mukhamukham, Mathilukal, Vidheyan and Nizhalkkuthu.
Winner of several international awards like the UNICEF film prize, OCIC film prize, INTERFILM Prize etc. his films have been shown in Cannes, Berlin, London and every important festival around the world. In consideration of his contribution to Indian cinema, the nation honoured him with the title of Padma Shri in 1984 and Padma Vibhushan in 2006. Adoor is settled in Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala, his daughter Aswathi Dorje is an IPS officer acting as Deputy Commissioners of Police in Mumbai since June 2010. Apart from nine feature films, he has over 30 short documentaries to his credit; the Helsinki Film Festival was the first film festival to have a retrospective of his films. He has headed the jury at many international film festivals. Apart from his films, Adoor's major contribution towards introducing a new cinema culture in Kerala was the constitution of the first Film Society in Kerala, "Chitralekha Film Society", he took active part in the constitution of "Chitralekha," Kerala's first Film Co-operative Society for film production.
These movements triggered a fresh wave of films, called "art films," by directors like G Aravindan, PA Becker, KG George and Raveendran. At a time this movement was so strong that popular cinema synthesised with art cinema to create a new genre of films. Bharat Gopi starred as hero 4 times in his ventures. Adoor has been known as a director who dictates every fine detail of his films. On the performance of actors in his movies, he stated that - "It is not the artist's job to do the detailing. I do not want different interpretations of roles, it has to be unified." He does not encourage his crew to read the script or the stories. The actors are told at the time of shooting about the role and the scenes before conducting several rehearsals. According to Adoor "n movies, the actor is not performing to the audience like the stage actor. Here they are acting for me. I a
Ram Naresh Yadav
Ram Naresh Yadav was an Indian politician, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 1977 to 1979. He was from Janata Party, he served as Governor of Madhya Pradesh from 26 August 2011 to 7 September 2016. He was born on 1 July 1928 at Azamgarh in Uttar Pradesh, he belonged to a middle-class family. His father was a teacher. Ram Naresh Yadav was a successful lawyer in Azamgarh court, he died on 22 November 2016 in Lucknow. Ram Naresh Yadav was close to socialist leader Raj Narain, he entered the Sixth Lok Sabha in 1977 from Azamgarh constituency. He was considered a low-profile politician, he became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh on 23 June 1977, remained on the post till 28 February 1979. On 25 February 1979, he failed to secure a vote of confidence. Banarsi Das became Chief Minister. In 2004 general elections, he contested from Azamgarh constituency on Indian National Congress ticket, but lost to Bahujan Samaj Party's Ramakant Yadav. On 26 August 2011, he was appointed as Governor of Madhya Pradesh by the President of India, Pratibha Patil, on the recommendation of the UPA government.
On February 24, 2015, Madhya Pradesh Special Task Force filed an FIR against Yadav for his alleged role in the multi-crore Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board scam. He was charged with rigging the forest guard recruitment examination, conducted by Vyapam, booked under the Information Technology Act and the Prevention of Corruption Act; the FIR was registered after a MP High Court hearing where Chief Justice A M Khanvilkar and Justice Alok Aradhe said STF can proceed against any "high dignitary". Yadav moved the high court citing constitutional immunity, which subsequently in April asked STF to "observe complete protocol", the Governor being the Head of the State; the head of the special investigative team probing the scam said that action will be taken after his retirement in September, 2016. Meanwhile, a group of lawyers filed a petition in Supreme Court of India, seeking removal of Yadav and recording his statement in the case. A bench comprising Chief Justice of India H. L. Dattu and Justices Arun Kumar Mishra and Amitava Roy has agreed to hear the petition on July 9.
Earlier in 2013, STF arrested his former OSD Dhanraj Yadav in connection with the scam. His son Shailesh was an accused in the MPPEB contractual teachers' recruitment exam, died of a brain haemorrhage in March, at Yadav's Lucknow residence. Ram Naresh Yadav ministry Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh
Tanjore Balasaraswati known as Balasaraswati, was a celebrated Indian dancer, her rendering of Bharatanatyam, a classical dance style originated in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, made this style of dancing well known in different parts of India and many parts of the world. She was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1957 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1977, the third and the second highest civilian honours given by the Government of India. In 1981 she was awarded the Sangeetha Kalasikhamani award of Chennai. Balasaraswati was a seventh generation representative of a traditional matrilineal family of temple musicians and dancers, who have been described as the greatest single repository of the traditional performing arts of music and dance of the southern region of India, her ancestor, was a musician and dancer patronized in the mid-eighteenth century by the court of Thanjavur. Her grandmother, Vina Dhanammal, is considered by many to be the most influential musician of the early twentieth century.
Her mother, Jayammal was a singer who encouraged the training of Balasaraswati and was her accompanist. Balasaraswati created a revolution in traditional music and dance for bharata natyam, a combination of the performance arts of music and dance, she learned music within the family from her infancy, her rigorous training in dance was begun when she was four under the distinguished dance teacher K. Kandappan Pillai, a member of the famed Thanjavur Nattuvanar family, her younger brothers were the musicians T. Ranganathan and T. Viswanathan who would both become prominent performers and teachers in India and the United States, her daughter, Lakshmi Knight, became a distinguished performer of her mother's style. Her grandson Aniruddha Knight continues to perform the family style today, is artistic director of Bala Music and Dance Association in the United States and the Balasaraswati School of Dance in India, her son-in-law Douglas M. Knight, Jr. has written her biography with the support of a Guggenheim Fellowship.
Famous Indian film maker Satyajit Ray made a documentary on her works. Balasaraswati's debut took place in 1925, she was the first performer of her traditional style outside of South India, performing first in Calcutta in 1934. As a young teenager, she was seen by choreographer Uday Shankar, who became an ardent promoter of her performances, throughout the 1930s she captured the imagination of audiences across India, she went on to a global career that attracted international critical attention and the respect of dance greats such as Shambhu Maharaj, Dame Margot Fonteyn, Martha Graham, Merce Cunningham. Interest in bharata natyam rebounded in the 1950s as the public became interested in promoting a unique Indian art form. Balasaraswati, encouraged by an administrator at the Music Academy in Madras, established a dance school in association with the institution. There she trained new dancers in bharata natyam as per her vision. In the early 1960s she travelled globally, with performances in East Asia and North America.
That decade, throughout the 1970s, into the early 1980s, she visited the United States and held residencies—as both a teacher and a performer—at Wesleyan University, California Institute of the Arts, Mills College, the University of Washington, Jacob’s Pillow Dance Festival, among other institutions. Through her international engagements as well as her activities in India in Madras, Balasaraswati not only exposed countless audiences to the traditional style of bharata natyam but trained many new practitioners of the art form, she received numerous awards in India, including the President's Award from the Sangeet Natak Akademi, Padma Vibushan from the Government of India for distinguished national service and Sangita Kalanidhi from the Madras Music Academy, South India's highest award for musicians. In a review in 1977, the New York Times dance critic Anna Kisselgoff described her as one of the "supreme performing artists in the world". India Today, one of the leading news magazine of India, based on a survey, classified her as one of the 100 prominent Indians who have shaped the destiny of India.
She was the only non-western dancer included in a compilation of the Dance Heritage Coalition, "America's Irreplaceable Dance Treasures: The First 100". Dancing in India Bharatanatyam Mani Madhava Chakyar Bengali film director Satyajit Ray made a documentary film on Balasaraswati named Bala. BALASARASWATI, by Dr. V. K Narayana Menon, Inter-National Culture Center, 16 Hailey Road, New Delhi 1, India India’s 50 Most Illustrious Women by Indra Gupta Balasaraswati: Her Art and Life, by Douglas M. Knight Jr. Wesleyan University Press, ISBN 978-0819569066 Bala, a documentary by Satyajit Ray, online "Hasta As Discourse on Music: T. Balasaraswati and her Art", by Kay Poursine, Dance Research Journal, Vol. 23, No. 2, Autumn, 1991 "Bala in the US", by Kay Poursine, Nartanam - Vol. IX - No. 4 "1918-1984". Balasaraswati.com. Retrieved 2016-11-22. "The Inspiration". Kpoursine.com. Retrieved 2016-11-22. "World Music In the Schools". Center for World Music. Retrieved 2016-11-22
Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was a legendary Indian vocalist from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition. He is known for the khayal form of singing, as well as for his popular renditions of devotional music. In 1998, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, the highest honour conferred by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music and Drama. Subsequently, he received the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour, in 2009. Pt. Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was born in a Deshastha Madhwa Brahmin family in a town called Ron, Karnataka, in the Gadag district of present-day Karnataka state on 4 February 1922 to Gururaj Joshi and Ramabai, a home-maker. Bhimsen was the eldest among 16 siblings, he was raised by his stepmother. As a child, Bhimsen was fascinated with music and musical instruments like the harmonium and tanpura and would follow processions accompanied by music bands; this exercise tired him and he would curl up somewhere and sleep, forcing his parents to go to the police after efforts to trace him failed.
Fed up, his father Gururajacharya Joshi came up with the solution, writing "son of teacher Joshi" on Bhimsen's shirts. This worked and those who found the boy sleeping would safely deposit him back to his house, his first music teacher was Channappa of Kurtakoti, who had trained with the veteran singer Inayat Khan. After learning Ragas Bhairav and Bhimpalasi, the one and only unique vigorous style of rendering he developed along with advanced trainings by other teachers is attributed to the basic training he received from Channappa. Bhimsen Joshi next went to Pandit Shyamacharya Joshi, who hailed from Bagalkot and was a priest and classical singer. Pandit Shyamacharya taught him to sing as well as play the harmonium. Shree Shamacharya Joshi was a descendant of Great Haridasa Shree Mahipati Dasaru; as revealed by Shree Shyamacharya Joshi himself when he was alive, it was a turning point in Bhimsen Joshi's life that Shree Shyamacharya Joshi went to Bombay for recording his songs by HMV where Shree Bhimsen Joshi accompanied him and due to ill health Shree Shyamacharya Joshi returned to Bagalkot after recording few songs and asked Shree Bhimsen Joshi to render rest of the songs which Shree Bhimsen Joshi did and this proved to be a major breakthrough for Shree Bhimsen Joshi in the initial stage of his career.
Joshi heard a recording of Abdul Karim Khan's Thumri "Piya Bin Nahi Aavat Chain" in Raga Jhinjhoti when he was a child, which inspired him to become a musician. During this time, he heard Pandit Sawai Gandharva at a performance in Kundgol. In 1933, the 11-year-old Joshi left Dharwad for Bijapur to learn music. With the help of money lent by his co-passengers in the train, Bhimsen reached Dharwad first and went to Pune, he moved to Gwalior and got into Madhava Music School, a school run by Maharajas of Gwalior, with the help of famous sarod player Hafiz Ali Khan. He travelled for three years around North India, including in Delhi, Gwalior and Rampur, trying to find a good guru, his father succeeded in tracking him down in Jalandar and brought young Bhimsen back home. In 1936, Sawai Gandharva, a native of Dharwad, agreed to be his guru. Joshi stayed at his house in the guru-shishya tradition. Joshi continued his training with Sawai Gandharva Joshi first performed live in 1941 at the age of 19, his debut album, containing a few devotional songs in Marathi and Hindi, was released by HMV the next year in 1942.
Joshi moved to Mumbai in 1943 and worked as a radio artist. His performance at a concert in 1946 to celebrate his guru Sawai Gandharva's 60th birthday won him accolades both from the audience and his guru. Joshi's performances have been acknowledged by music critics such as S. N. Chandrashekhar of the Deccan Herald to be marked by spontaneity, accurate notes, dizzyingly-paced taans which make use of his exceptional voice training, a mastery over rhythm; the Hindu, in an article written after he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, said: Bhimsen Joshi was the wanderer, engendering brilliant phrases and tans more intuitively than through deliberation. Joshi employed the use of sargam and tihaais, sang traditional compositions of the Kirana gharana, his music injected surprising and sudden turns of phrase, for example through the unexpected use of boltaans. Over the years, his repertoire tended to favour a small number of complex and serious ragas; some of Joshi's more popular ragas include Shuddha Kalyan, Miyan Ki Todi, Puriya Dhanashri, Bhimpalasi and Ramkali.
He was a purist who has not dabbled in experimental forms of music, except for a series of Jugalbandi recordings with the Carnatic singer M. Balamuralikrishna. Joshi's singing has been influenced including Smt. Kesarbai Kerkar, Begum Akhtar and Ustad Amir Khan. Joshi assimilated into his own singing various elements that he liked in different musical styles and Gharanas. In devotional music, Joshi was most acclaimed for his Hindi and Marathi Bhajan singing, he has recorded bhakti songs in Marathi, Dasavani. Pt. Bhimsen Joshi was recognised in India due to his performance in the Mile Sur Mera Tumhara music video, which begins with him; the video was created for the purpose of national integration in India, highlights the diversity of Indian culture. Pt. Bhimsen Joshi was a part of Jana Gana Mana produced by A. R. Rahman on the occasion of the 50th year of Indian Republic. Joshi sang for several f