Harlem–148th Street (IRT Lenox Avenue Line)

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 Harlem–148 Street
 "3" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
148 St Harlem terminal jeh.jpg
View of platform at Harlem–148th Street
Station statistics
Address West 149th Street & Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard
New York, NY 10039
Borough Manhattan
Locale Harlem
Coordinates 40°49′26″N 73°56′13″W / 40.824°N 73.937°W / 40.824; -73.937Coordinates: 40°49′26″N 73°56′13″W / 40.824°N 73.937°W / 40.824; -73.937
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Lenox Avenue Line
Services       3 all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M2
Structure At-grade
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened May 13, 1968; 50 years ago (1968-05-13)
Station code 436[1]
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other names 148th Street–Lenox Terminal
Passengers (2016) 1,220,407[3]Decrease 3.9%
Rank 334 out of 422
Station succession
Next north (Terminal): 3 all times
Next south 145th Street: 3 all times

Harlem–148th Street (signed as 148th Street–Lenox Terminal) is a terminal station on the IRT Lenox Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. The station is located in Harlem, though the name is partially erroneous, as the station is actually at the intersection of 149th Street and Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard.[4] It is served by the 3 train at all times.


Track layout
to/from 145 St
Entrance to Harlem–148th Street

The location and tracks of the station were originally part of the Lenox Avenue Yard opened in 1904, where 3 trains are currently assigned and stored.[5][6] An extension of the Lenox Avenue line to 149th or 150th Street had been proposed since the Dual Contracts of the 1910s; in 1916, an extension to 149th Street was proposed as part of a connection between the Lenox Avenue Line and the IRT Jerome Avenue Line in the Bronx (served by the 4 train).[7]

In 1940, the New York City Board of Transportation proposed that the IRT Lenox Avenue Line be extended to the Bronx along the northern portion of the IRT Ninth Avenue Line, in turn connecting to the IRT Jerome Avenue Line at 167th Street.[8] However, the tunnel from Sedgwick Avenue to Anderson–Jerome Avenues was built to elevated-railway standards, whose "open" third rails were shorter than the subway's "covered" third rails because the "open" rails did not have any protective covers on top. This incompatibility prevented the connection from being built.[9] Another issue was that the Ninth Avenue Line could not carry subway cars, as it was only strong enough to carry the lighter elevated cars.[10]:244

In 1957, a station at 150th Street within the Lenox Yard was proposed to better serve the local area (including the nearby Harlem River Houses),[11] the station, and the Bronx extension, had been requested by local citizens since the 1940s due to unreliable bus and surface trolley service.[12] The station was later moved to 149th Street due to the downsizing of the Lenox Yard in the 1960s, with the land sold to the developers that would build the high school and apartment complex above the yard and station (see below).[13][14]

The new terminal, when completed, was intended to be a replacement for the former terminal at 145th Street station due to the proximity of switches that prevented the station's lengthening to accommodate ten-car trains.[15] However, plans to shut down 145th Street were cancelled due to protests from local residents.[16][17] 148th Street Station opened on May 13, 1968.[18] The construction of the station cost $1,290,000, track improvements cost $3,178,000, and signalling cost $3,553,000,[19] the name of the station was to be 149th Street–Seventh Avenue, but because of possible confusion with 149th Street–Grand Concourse, it was changed to 148th Street–Lenox Terminal.[13]

The station sign was reversed as Lenox Terminal–148th Street in the 1990s before reverting to its original name by 2003.[20]

From 1995 to 2008, this station lacked full-time service, as 3 trains did not operate during late nights. Full-time service was restored on July 27, 2008.[21]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
Fare control Station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Platform level
Yard tracks No passenger service
Track 2 "3" train toward New Lots Avenue (42nd Street late nights) (145th Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right
Track 1 "3" train toward New Lots Avenue (42nd Street late nights) (145th Street)
Maintenance tracks No passenger service

This station is the northern terminal of the IRT Lenox Avenue Line. There are two tracks and one island platform here, the tracks end at bumper blocks at the west end of the platform. Next to the station is Lenox Yard, which is used for train storage and has no maintenance facility,[22] the yard predates the station, which was added in 1968 at a relatively low cost, since the yard and the track connection were already there.[18][11] Formerly, the terminal was one station to the south, at 145th Street. Due to the high ceiling, platform service information signs are hung from heavy cables.[23]

While this station may appear to be underground, it and the adjacent yard are actually at-grade, the Esplanade Gardens apartment complex exists between 147th and 149th streets while Frederick Douglass Academy High School sits between 149th and 150th Streets;[24][25][4] both structures rest on pilotis above the station and yard.[25][26][27][28] Unlike other at-grade stations, however, 148th Street is not ADA-accessible because there is a staircase down to platform level.[29]


The station's only mezzanine is at the west (railroad north) end of the station, from the single island platform, a double-wide stairway leads up to a set of doors that separate the street-level station-house at Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard. There are three turnstiles and a token booth.[4]


  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Harlem / Hamilton Heights" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 12, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Task of Placing the Cars in New Subway: Transfer from the Elevated to the Underground Tracks" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. November 15, 1903. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  6. ^ "New Contracts Let for Interboro Yards: Rejection of Earlier Bids by the City Make $50,610 Temporary Facilities Necessary" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. June 8, 1922. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Two Subway Agreements: Provide for Connecting Links and Station Improvements" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. November 12, 1916. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  8. ^ Transportation, New York (N Y. ) Board of; Spinrad, Isidor (1945). Report, Including Analysis of Operations of the New York City Transit System: For Five Years Ended June 30, 1945. The Board. p. 123. 
  9. ^ Feinman, Mark (2000). "History of the Independent Subway". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  10. ^ Raskin, Joseph B. (November 1, 2013), The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System, Fordham University Press, ISBN 978-0-8232-5369-2 
  11. ^ a b "Asks Extension Of IRT Subway". New York Amsterdam News. August 10, 1957. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Public Service Gripes Are Old". New York Amsterdam News. October 19, 1946. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b Raudenbush, Henry (January 2007). "148th Street-Lenox Terminal and How it Got its Name". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders Association. 50 (1). Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  14. ^ "IRT REPAIR YARD TO REVERT TO CITY: 19 Acres in Harlem Will Be Turned Back by Dec. 31 -- Realty Men Interested". nytimes.com. The New York Times. October 14, 1960. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Other IRT Notes". The New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 6 (5): 1. October 1963 – via Issu. 
  16. ^ Edwards, Dick (December 2, 1967). "145th-Lenox Subway Stop To Continue". New York Amsterdam News. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  17. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (June 26, 2008). "148th Street–Lenox Terminal Pictures". The Subway Nut. Retrieved September 1, 2012. 
  18. ^ a b "IRT Passengers Get New 148th St. Station". The New York Times. May 14, 1968. p. 95. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 
  19. ^ "New Subway Station Opens At 148th St". N. Y. AMSTERDAM NEWS. May 25, 1968. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  20. ^ Weinberg, Brian (June 24, 2003). "Station sign, by 2003". www.nycsubway.org. www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved August 23, 2016. 
  21. ^ "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. July 24, 2008. Retrieved July 26, 2008. 
  22. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2018). Tracks of the New York City Subway 2018 (16th ed.). Dougherty. 
  23. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (April 24, 2013). "Walking up the staircase to the station house". subwaynut.com. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  24. ^ "INVENTORY OF DECKING OPPORTUNITIES OVER TRANSPORTATION PROPERTIES Final Report: 6.3: TRANSIT AND RAILROAD OPEN CUTS: MANHATTAN" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. September 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  25. ^ a b "INVENTORY OF DECKING OPPORTUNITIES OVER TRANSPORTATION PROPERTIES Final Report: 6.7: TRANSIT AND RAILROAD YARDS: BROOKLYN" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. September 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 6, 2010. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  26. ^ Powell Boulevard Station entrance (The Subway Nut)
  27. ^ West end of the station (under the parking lot to the left) from Google Maps Street View
  28. ^ East end of the station from Google Maps Street View
  29. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (March 17, 2006). "Looking up the staircase to the station house at 148 St-Lenox Terminal, the two buffers are visible". subwaynut.com. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 

External links[edit]