Alan Scott is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics, the first character to bear the name Green Lantern. He fights evil with the aid of a magical ring, he was created by Martin Nodell first appearing in the comic book All-American Comics #16, published in 1940. Alan Scott was created after Nodell became inspired by the characters from Greek and Norse myths, seeking to create a popular entertainment character who fought evil with the aid of a magic ring which grants him a variety of supernatural powers. After debuting in All-American Comics, Alan Scott soon became popular enough to sustain his own comic book, Green Lantern. Around this time DC began experimenting with fictional crossovers between its characters, leading towards a shared universe of characters; as one of the publisher's most popular heroes, Alan became a founding member of the Justice Society of America, one of the first such teams of "mystery men" or superheroes in comic books. Following World War II, the character's popularity began to fade along with the decline of the Golden Age of Comic Books, leading to cancellation.
After 12 years out of print, DC chose to reinvent Green Lantern as science fiction hero Hal Jordan in 1959. DC would again revisit Alan Scott, establishing that Alan and Hal were the Green Lanterns of two different parallel worlds, with Alan residing on Earth-Two and Hal on Earth-One. Stories set on Earth-Two thereafter showed that Alan became the father to two superheroic children, the twins Obsidian and Jade, each with powers a bit like his own; when in 1985 DC chose to reboot its internal continuity, it merged the worlds of Earth-One and Earth-Two, Alan was again reimagined as an elder statesman of the DC Universe, the magical Green Lantern of an earlier generation who coexists with the more science fiction-oriented heroes of the Green Lantern Corps. When DC brought back its internal Multiverse concept in the 2000s, it reintroduced a new, young version of Alan on the new Earth-Two, this time as a gay man and the owner of a media conglomerate whose magical powers stem from his role as champion of the Green, an entity embodying plant life on Earth.
The original Green Lantern was created by an American artist named Martin Nodell. Nodell mentions Richard Wagner's opera cycle The Ring of the Nibelung and the sight of a trainman's green railway lantern as his inspiration. After seeing this opera, Nodell sought to create a superhero who wielded a variety of magical powers from a magic ring, which he recharged from a green lantern. Nodell wanted a colorful and interesting costume for his character, deriving from elements of Greek mythology; as Nodell recalled in an undated, latter-day interview, When I sent it in, I waited into the second week before I heard the word to come in. I was ushered into Mr. Gaines' office and after sitting a long time and flipping through the pages of my presentation, he announced, "We like it!" And "Get to work!" I did the first five pages of an eight-page story, they called in Bill Finger to help. We worked on it for seven years. Nodell chose the name "Alan Scott" by flipping through New York telephone books until he got two names he liked.
The character of Alan Scott made his debut in All-American Comics #16, fighting crime under the masked identity of "Green Lantern". He appeared as part of the superhero team Justice Society of America in All Star Comics #3, he served as the team's second chairman in #7, but departed following that issue and returned a few years remaining a regular character. His villains tended to be ordinary humans, but he did have a few paranormal ones, such as the immortal Vandal Savage and the zombie Solomon Grundy. Green Lantern proved popular and was given his own series, Green Lantern that year. Most of his adventures were set in New York. In 1941, Alan Scott was paired with a sidekick named Doiby Dickles, a rotund Brooklyn taxi driver, who would appear on a regular basis until 1949. In 1948, Alan got a canine sidekick named Streak; the dog proved so popular. After World War 2, superheroes declined in popularity. Green Lantern was cancelled in 1949 after 38 issues and All-American Comics dropped superheroes in favor of westerns.
Alan Scott's final Golden Age appearance was in All-Star Comics #57. He remained out of publication for 12 years, after his revival he never got another solo series. In 1959, DC Comics editor Julius Schwartz reinvented Green Lantern as a science fiction hero; the new Green Lantern, named Hal Jordan, was empowered by alien masters to serve as an interstellar lawman and had many adventures set in outer space. His powers were similar to Alan's but he was otherwise unrelated—Alan Scott never existed as far as the new stories were concerned. Hal Jordan proved popular; some years Alan Scott reappeared as a guest star in The Flash #137. To avoid continuity conflicts with the Hal Jordan character, Alan Scott and all his old stories were written as being from a parallel universe. For most of the 1960s and 1970s, Alan Scott made guest appearances in books belonging to Silver Age characters, visiting their universe through magical or technological means. In 1976, he appeared alongside his Justice Society comrades in the revived All-Star Comics and Adventure Comics in stories set in the 1970s.
In 1981, DC Comics launched All-Star Squadron, which featured Alan Scott and the Justice Society in a World War 2 setting. In 1986, the editors at DC Comics decided that all its characters should exist within the same setting and effected this change with the Crisis on Infinite Earths minis
Blackest Night is a 2009–2010 American comic book crossover storyline published by DC Comics, consisting of an eponymous, central miniseries written by Geoff Johns and penciled by Ivan Reis, a number of tie-in books. "Blackest Night" involves Nekron, a personified force of death who reanimates deceased superheroes and seeks to eliminate all life and emotion from the universe. Geoff Johns has identified the series' central theme as emotion; the crossover was published for eight months as a limited series and in both the Green Lantern and Green Lantern Corps comic titles. Various other limited series and tie-ins, including an audio drama from Darker Projects, were published; the storyline was first mentioned at the conclusion of the "Sinestro Corps War" in Green Lantern vol. 4, #25. As the war between the Green Lantern and Sinestro Corps reaches its climax, the four Green Lanterns of Earth—Hal Jordan, Guy Gardner, John Stewart, Kyle Rayner—are told by the Guardians Ganthet and Sayd of the Blackest Night prophecy.
According to the prophecy, the two existing Corps would be joined by five new ones, each driven by a specific emotion and empowered by a specific color of the emotional spectrum, leading to a "War of Light" that would subsequently destroy the universe. Johns says the prophecy has its origins in the story "Tygers" by Alan Moore, which touches on the rising up of the Guardians' enemies the Weaponers of Qward, Ranx the Sentient City, the Children of the White Lobe, the destruction of the Green Lanterns, shows Hal Jordan and Mogo dying. Both Geoff Johns and Ethan Van Sciver said that Blackest Night is the third part of a Green Lantern event trilogy that began with Rebirth and continued with "Sinestro Corps War". In a December 2007 interview with IGN, Johns stated that he has the monthly Green Lantern book plotted up until issue #55. More details for the event were revealed in DC Universe #0, which depicted Black Hand discovering the black power battery on the planet of Ryut. Blackest Night #0 was released on May 2, 2009, —Free Comic Book Day—and portrays a series of events directly leading into Blackest Night #1.
The standalone, self-titled miniseries consists of Blackest Night eight monthly issues. Tie-ins include issues of Green Lantern and Green Lantern Corps starting with issues #43 and #38 and nine 3-issue limited series: Blackest Night: Tales of the Corps, Blackest Night: Superman, Blackest Night: Batman, Blackest Night: Titans, Blackest Night: Wonder Woman, Blackest Night: Flash, Blackest Night: JSA. Ethan Van Sciver had planned to work on the opening book, but because of his work on The Flash: Rebirth miniseries he was not able to complete both effectively. Van Sciver and Ivan Reis created many of the designs for this storyline. Green Lanterns Ash and Saarek find the Black Central Power Battery at a classified location within Sector 666. After touching the battery, Saarek reports; the two are killed when two monstrous hands emerge from below them as the battery calls "flesh". In Green Lantern Corps, a field of asteroids in an unknown region of space is depicted with the colors of the spectrum in the background.
The asteroids, which are the remains of the planet Xanshi, are shattered and a large quantity of black power rings move through them. In Gotham City, Black Hand removes Bruce Wayne's skull from his grave and carries it with him, a Black Lantern power battery begins to charge; the Guardians of Oa observe the War of Light and realize that Ganthet and Sayd are correct but are kept from intervening by Scar, who swiftly kills one and imprisons the rest. Thousands of black rings assault the Corps' crypt. Hal Jordan and the newly revived Flash investigate Bruce Wayne's grave and are attacked by Black Lantern Martian Manhunter. On Oa, the Green Lanterns are met by all of the resurrected Lanterns. Hawkgirl and Hawkman are killed by Black Lanterns Elongated Man and Sue Dibny and join the growing Black Corps; the Atom is tricked into visiting Black Lantern Hawkman, Deadman is the first to realize the dead superheroes are not their true selves when his physical body revives as a Black Lantern while he is still free.
Aquaman and his Black Lantern family attack Mera. A black ring strikes the Spectre, binding the spirit Aztar and reviving Crispus Allen as a Black Lantern; the black rings are unable to revive dead characters who are at peace, such as former Dove Don Hall as his partner Hawk and his brother Hank rise. In Gotham, Hal Jordan and Barry Allen are confronted by several Black Lanterns, including Ronald Raymond. Hal, the Atom and Flash battle the Black Lanterns when the Indigo Tribe appear and use their Indigo power with other rings to obliterate the Black Dibnys. Mera finds the new Gehenna, who merge to create a new Firestorm. Indigo says; the Indigo Tribe leave the other heroes to fight the invading Black Lanterns. Black Lantern Firestorm separates Gehenna and Jason, kills Gehenna and absorbs Jason's consciousness. Black rings revive the villains. Mera and Flash use Atom's powers to escape through a telephone line. Flash leaves and gives all the superheroes in the US the key to defeat the Black Lanterns—merging lights with a Green Ring—and the Atom and the Justice Society of America battle many Lanterns together.
Jean Loring kills and causes Damage to revive as a Lantern, which empowers the Black Lantern power battery. Barry arrives in Coast City. Black Hand summons Nekron, who revives the residents of Coas
Irwin Hasen was an American cartoonist best known as the creator of the Dondi comic strip. Irwin Hasen was raised in Brooklyn, his family moved from Brooklyn to 110th Street and Amsterdam Avenue in Manhattan. He attended DeWitt Clinton High School. In 1939, he began his art training on the block where he lived, as he recalled: Across the street was the National Academy of Design, a huge structure like a garage, an airplane hangar. One of the oldest art schools in America, one of the most prestigious. Classical art. I was always drawing. I was drawing... on the empty pages of books. So my mother, God bless her soul, took me across the street and enrolled me in a course of drawing... I was there for three years, every night during the week, drawing in charcoal all the statues of Michelangelo and all the Bernini and all the classics... During the day, I would hawk, drawings of prizefighters down in New York; that was my first job—boxing cartoonist. I made a small slight living. I was 19-20 years old. I sold my cartoons to the Madison Square Garden Corporation.
They were printed all over New York in different newspapers. It was like public relations for the fights. After study at National Academy of Design, Hasen went to the Art Students League and entered the comic book field in 1940 with the Harry "A" Chesler shop, contributing to The Green Hornet, The Fox, Secret Agent Z-2, Bob Preston, Cat-Man and The Flash. At this time, he created Son of the Unknown Soldier. In 1941, he worked for Sheldon Mayer, his art during the 1940s included Green Lantern and the creation of the National Comics/DC Comics character Wildcat. He did occasional art work for Wonder Woman in 1943 Sensation Comics #19. During World War II, Hasen was stationed at Fort Dix and managed the Fort Dix Post newspaper: "I edited it, I published it, I took it to the printers, I learned how to set up type, I did the comic strip, I wrote the whole goddam thing, I interviewed all the celebrities coming in from New York. I worked my ass off, I wound up in the hospital. But, my proudest time, editing that newspaper for a year and a half."He returned to DC after he was discharged from the Army in 1946.
In the post-war period, he drew Johnny Thunder, the Justice Society of America, The Flash and Green Lantern. Before the creation of Dondi in 1954, Hasen drew a comic strip adaptation of The Goldbergs radio/TV series which ran in the New York Post in 1944 and 1945. Hasen, an active member of the National Cartoonists Society, met Gus Edson while on a tour of Korea and together they created the Dondi comic strip, with Edson writing and Hasen drawing. From September 1976 until May 2007 Irwin was an instructor at the Kubert School in Dover, New Jersey, he taught cartooning classes at The School of Visual Arts in New York City. Hasen suffered a minor stroke on April 24, 2007. Hasen died March 13, 2015, at the age of 96. Hasen received the National Cartoonists Society's Story Comic Strip Award for Dondi in 1961 and 1962. "Irwin Hasen Cartoons". Syracuse University Trailer for Irwin: A New York Story on YouTube
Infinity, Inc. is a team of superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The team is composed of the children and heirs of the Justice Society of America, making them the Society's analogue to the Teen Titans, composed of sidekicks of Justice League members. Created by Roy Thomas, Jerry Ordway, Mike Machlan, they first appeared in All-Star Squadron #25. There was an eponymous comics series starring the group, which ran from March 1984 through June 1988. Roy Thomas and his wife, Dann Thomas, wrote the series throughout its run. Artists on the series included Jerry Ordway, Don Newton, Todd McFarlane, Michael Bair, Vince Argondezzi; the group was organized by the original Star-Spangled Kid, in Infinity Inc.. #1, when a number of JSA protégés were denied admission to the JSA. They instead formed their own group. Members of Infinity, Inc. were known as Infinitors. The series ended in 1988 with the death of the Star-Spangled Kid, the group disbanded shortly thereafter. Several members have gone on to supporting roles in other comics series.
Fury is the mother of Daniel Hall. Hourman, Nuklon, Silver Scarab, Power Girl joined the 21st century incarnation of the JSA; the series took place on the parallel world of Earth-Two, but in 1986 it was merged with the rest of DC continuity following Crisis on Infinite Earths. From on, they shared their spot as Los Angeles' superteam with the Outsiders, were involved in a crossover with the New Teen Titans. Hector Hall, Lyta Trevor, Norda Cantrell, Albert Rothstein decide to adopt identities of their own and apply for membership in the Justice Society of America; the four of them adopt the codenames of Silver Scarab, Fury and Nuklon respectively. They are turned down but, not willing to give up, they apply again with Jennie-Lynn Hayden and Todd Rice. Taking pity on the youngsters, Star-Spangled Kid decides to leave the JSA to create a new group, they are joined by Power Girl, the Huntress, Brainwave, Jr.. They call themselves "Infinity, Inc."The team first faces the Justice Society of America, turned evil by the Stream of Ruthlessness, thanks to the Ultra-Humanite.
They save the world. In a press conference, the team publicly divulge their secret identities, revealing those of their parents in the process, Hector announces his engagement to Lyta; the Star-Spangled Kid is able to form a partnership with the city of Los Angeles to commission his team as for-hire protectors and purchases Stellar Studios to revitalize its production of movies. Fury is kidnapped in an extortion attempt by the villains known as Helix, all products of invitro genetic manipulation by the mad scientist Doctor Love; the original members are Arak the Wind-walker, Baby Boom, Mister Bones, Penny Dreadful, Tao Jones. They manage to escape; the second Wildcat, Yolanda Montez, learns that she is a cousin of new Helix member Carcharo and that they are products of the same genetic experiments as Helix. The two teams battle to a stalemate; the teams are involved within the Crisis on Infinite Earths event, which results in three new superheroes — Yolanda Montez as Wildcat, Rick Tyler as Hourman, Beth Chapel as Dr. Midnight — who all join Infinity, Inc.
The Crisis had severe changes for three members of the team. The Justice Society, who are written out of the DC universe proper by editorial decision and are exiled into a dimension where they fight against the tide of Ragnarok. With all of his friends at Infinity, Inc. Hector Hall leaves the group after a fall-out with Lyta, following shortly after the team learns that the Justice Society is gone; the other members go around notifying the wives and other related characters of the Society of the JSA's disappearance. A certain Professor James Rock has contacted Hector, but the real James Rock is supposed to be long dead. Travelling to Hall Mansion, Northwind means to confront Hector, only to find him under Hath-Set's manipulations. Hector goes on to kidnap Fury, he and Hath-Set uncover the Eye of Ra, a powerful and ancient weapon. Northwind returns and leads Infinity, Inc. into a final confrontation with the Silver Scarab at Hall Mansion, when burned down, reveals a topless pyramid inside. While Northwind confronts the Silver Scarab in a duel, Nuklon saves Fury.
The Eye of Ra flies away. The Silver Scarab is not pure enough in the eyes of Seketh the Egyptian god of Death, for the pureness of Hector's heart still lives on in his unborn child with Lyta. Therefore, he is not cleansed of his goodness and the Silver Scarab is thrown away by the Eye's power, the armor of Nth Metal an empty shell. Northwind is able to close the Eye of Ra. Infinity, Inc. mourn the loss of Hector, Northwind and Fury leave the team after his funeral. A pregnant Lyta goes home to spend time with her parents; when Nuklon goes to visit her, she tells him she isn't over Hector yet and that she only has friendly feelings for him. Disappointed, he discovers. Nuklon discovers him to be Hector Hall, the new Sandman. Hector reveals that his spirit wound u
A mandolin is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is plucked with a plectrum or "pick". It has four courses of doubled metal strings tuned in unison, although five and six course versions exist; the courses are tuned in a succession of perfect fifths. It is the soprano member of a family that includes the mandola, octave mandolin and mandobass. There are many styles of mandolin, but three are common, the Neapolitan or round-backed mandolin, the carved-top mandolin and the flat-backed mandolin; the round-back has a deep bottom, constructed of strips of wood, glued together into a bowl. The carved-top or arch-top mandolin has a much shallower, arched back, an arched top—both carved out of wood; the flat-backed mandolin uses thin sheets of wood for the body, braced on the inside for strength in a similar manner to a guitar. Each style of instrument is associated with particular forms of music. Neapolitan mandolins feature prominently in traditional music. Carved-top instruments are common in American folk music and bluegrass music.
Flat-backed instruments are used in Irish and Brazilian folk music. Some modern Brazilian instruments feature an extra fifth course tuned a fifth lower than the standard fourth course. Other mandolin varieties differ in the number of strings and include four-string models such as the Brescian and Cremonese, six-string types such as the Milanese and the Sicilian and 6 course instruments of 12 strings such as the Genoese. There has been a twelve-string type and an instrument with sixteen-strings. Much of mandolin development revolved around the soundboard. Pre-mandolin instruments were quiet instruments, strung with as many as six courses of gut strings, were plucked with the fingers or with a quill. However, modern instruments are louder—using four courses of metal strings, which exert more pressure than the gut strings; the modern soundboard is designed to withstand the pressure of metal strings that would break earlier instruments. The soundboard comes in many shapes—but round or teardrop-shaped, sometimes with scrolls or other projections.
There is one or more sound holes in the soundboard, either round, oval, or shaped like a calligraphic f. A round or oval sound hole may be bordered with decorative rosettes or purfling. Mandolins evolved from the lute family in Italy during the 17th and 18th centuries, the deep bowled mandolin, produced in Naples, became common in the 19th century. Dating to c. 13,000 BC, a cave painting in the Trois Frères cave in France depicts what some believe is a musical bow, a hunting bow used as a single-stringed musical instrument. From the musical bow, families of stringed instruments developed. In turn, this led to being able to play chords. Another innovation occurred when the bow harp was straightened out and a bridge used to lift the strings off the stick-neck, creating the lute; this picture of musical bow to harp bow has been contested. In 1965 Franz Jahnel wrote his criticism stating that the early ancestors of plucked instruments are not known, he felt that the harp bow was a long cry from the sophistication of the 4th-century BC civilization that took the primitive technology and created "technically and artistically well made harps, lyres and lutes."
Musicologists have put forth examples of that 4th-century BC technology, looking at engraved images that have survived. The earliest image showing a lute-like instrument came from Mesopotamia prior to 3000 BC. A cylinder seal from c. 3100 BC or earlier shows. From the surviving images, theororists have categorized the Mesopotamian lutes, showing that they developed into a long variety and a short; the line of long lutes may have developed into pandura. The line of short lutes was further developed to the east of Mesopotamia, in Bactria and Northwest India, shown in sculpture from the 2nd century BC through the 4th or 5th centuries AD. Bactria and Gandhara became part of the Sasanian Empire. Under the Sasanians, a short almond shaped lute from Bactria came to be called the barbat or barbud, developed into the Islamic world's oud or ud; when the Moors conquered Andalusia in 711 AD, they brought their ud along, into a country that had known a lute tradition under the Romans, the pandura. During the 8th and 9th centuries, many musicians and artists from across the Islamic world flocked to Iberia.
Among them was Abu l-Hasan ‘Ali Ibn Nafi‘, a prominent musician who had trained under Ishaq al-Mawsili in Baghdad and was exiled to Andalusia before 833 AD. He taught and has been credited with adding a fifth string to his oud and with establishing one of the first schools of music in Córdoba. By the 11th century, Muslim Iberia had become a center for the manufacture of instruments; these goods spread to Provence, influencing French troubadours and trouvères and reaching the rest of Europe. Beside the introduction of the lute to Spain by the Moors, another important point of transfer of the lute from Arabian to European culture was Sicily, where it was brought either by Byzantine or by Muslim musicians. There were singer-lutenists at the court in Palermo following the N
The Teen Titans known as the New Teen Titans or the Titans, are a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics in an eponymous monthly series. As the group's name suggests, its members are teenage superheroes, many of whom have acted as sidekicks to DC's premiere superheroes in the Justice League. First appearing in 1964 in The Brave and the Bold #54, the team was founded by Kid Flash and Aqualad, with the team adopting the name Teen Titans in issue 60 following the addition of Wonder Girl to its ranks. Over the decades, DC has cancelled and relaunched Teen Titans many times, a variety of characters have been featured heroes in its pages. Significant early additions to the initial quartet of Titans were Green Arrow's sidekick, Aquagirl, Bumblebee and Dove, three heroes who did not wear costumes: boxer Mal Duncan, psychic Lilith, caveman Gnarrk; the series became a genuine hit for the first time however during its 1980s revival as The New Teen Titans under writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez.
This run depicted the original Titans now as young adults and introduced new characters Cyborg and Raven, as well as the former Doom Patrol member Beast Boy, who would all become enduring fan-favorites. A high point for the series both critically and commercially was its famous "The Judas Contract" storyline, in which the team is betrayed by its member Terra to its archenemy Deathstroke. Stories in the 2000s introduced a radically different Teen Titans team made up of newer DC Comics sidekicks such as the new Robin, Wonder Girl, Kid Flash, as well as Superboy, some of whom had featured in the similar title Young Justice. Prominent additions from this era included Miss Martian, Ravager and Blue Beetle. Concurrently, DC published Titans, which featured some of the original and 1980s members now as adults, led by Dick Grayson in his adult persona of Nightwing. A new run following DC's The New 52 reboot in 2011 introduced new characters to the founding roster, including Solstice and Skitter, although this new volume proved commercially and critically disappointing for DC.
In 2016, DC used the Titans Hunt and DC Rebirth storylines to re-establish the group's original founding members and history, reuniting these classic heroes as the Titans, while introducing a new generation of Teen Titans led by new Robin featuring the new Aqualad and Kid Flash. The Teen Titans have been adapted to other media numerous times, have enjoyed a higher profile since Cartoon Network's light-hearted Teen Titans animated television series in the early-mid 2000s, as well as its DC Nation spin-off Teen Titans Go!. A live-action Teen Titans series was in development for the network TNT before moving production to DC's in-house web television service DC Universe, its characters and stories were adapted into the 2010s animated series Young Justice. Within DC Comics, the Teen Titans have been an influential group of characters taking prominent roles in all of the publisher's major company-wide crossover stories. Many villains who face the Titans have since taken on a larger role within the publisher's fictional universe, such as Deathstroke, the demon Trigon, the evil organization H.
I. V. E. Robin, Kid Flash and Aqualad team up to defeat a weather-controlling villain known as Mister Twister in The Brave and the Bold #54 by writer Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani, they appeared under the name "Teen Titans" in The Brave and the Bold #60, joined by Wonder Woman's younger sister Wonder Girl. After being featured in Showcase #59, the Teen Titans were spun off into their own series with Teen Titans #1 by Haney and artist Nick Cardy; the series' original premise had the Teen Titans helping teenagers and answering calls. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that Haney "took some ribbing for the writing style that described the Teen Titans as'the Cool Quartet' or'the Fab Foursome'; the attempt to reach the youth culture embracing performers like the Beatles and Bob Dylan impressed some observers." Green Arrow's sidekick Speedy makes guest appearances before joining the team in Teen Titans #19. Aqualad takes a leave of absence from the group in the same issue, but makes several guest appearances, sometimes with girlfriend Aquagirl.
Neal Adams was called upon to rewrite and redraw a Teen Titans story, written by Len Wein and Marv Wolfman. The story, titled "Titans Fit the Battle of Jericho!", would have introduced DC's first African American superhero but was rejected by publisher Carmine Infantino. The revised story appeared in Teen Titans #20. Wolfman and Gil Kane created an origin for Wonder Girl in Teen Titans #22 and introduced her new costume. Psychic Lilith Clay and Mal Duncan join the group. Beast Boy of the Doom Patrol makes a guest appearance seeking membership, but was rejected as too young at the time; the series explored events such as protests against the Vietnam War. One storyline beginning in issue #25 saw the Titans deal with the accidental death of a peace activist, leading them to reconsider their methods; as a result, the Teen Titans abandoned their identities to work as ordinary civilians, but the effort was a
Harley Quinn is a fictional character appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by Paul Dini and Bruce Timm, first appeared in Batman: The Animated Series in September 1992, she appeared in DC Comics's Batman comic books, with the character's first comic book appearance in The Batman Adventures #12. In her depictions she has been portrayed as a psychologist. Harley Quinn is a frequent accomplice and lover of the Joker, whom she met while working as an intern psychiatrist at Gotham City's Arkham Asylum, where the Joker was a patient, her name is a character which originated in commedia dell ` arte. The character has teamed up with fellow villains the Catwoman and Poison Ivy several times, the trio being known as the Gotham City Sirens. Poison Ivy is known to be a close friend and recurring ally of Harley being depicted as her girlfriend in recent comics. Since The New 52, she has left her past as a supervillain behind. However, she is still depicted as a supervillain at times.
Harley Quinn has been depicted as a member of the Suicide Squad. Harley Quinn first appeared in the DC Animated Universe's Batman: The Animated Series episode "Joker's Favor", in what was supposed to be the animated equivalent of a walk-on role, thus they created a female sidekick for the Joker. Arleen Sorkin, a former star of the soap opera Days of Our Lives, appeared in a dream sequence on that series in which she wore a jester costume. Having been friends with Sorkin since college, he incorporated aspects of her personality into the character. Quinn was inspired by a mutual female friend's "stormy but nonviolent relationship", according to Timm; the 1994 graphic novel The Batman Adventures: Mad Love recounts the character's origin story. Written and drawn by Dini and Timm, the comic book is told in the style and continuity of Batman: The Animated Series, it describes Dr. Harleen Frances Quinzel, MD as an Arkham Asylum Psychiatrist who falls in love with the Joker and becomes his accomplice and on-again, off-again girlfriend.
The story received wide praise and won the Eisner and Harvey Awards for Best Single Issue Comic of the Year. The New Batman Adventures series adapted Mad Love as an episode of the same name in 1999, it was the second "animated style" comic book adapted for the series, with the other being "Holiday Knights". Harleen Quinzel becomes fascinated with the Joker while working at Arkham Asylum and volunteers to help treat him, she falls hopelessly in love with the Joker during their sessions and she helps him escape from the asylum more than once. When Batman returns a badly injured Joker to Arkham, she dons a jester costume to become Harley Quinn, the Joker's sidekick; the Joker insults, ignores and tries to kill Harley, but she always comes back to him, convinced that he loves her. After Batman: The Animated Series and The New Batman Adventures, Harley makes several other animated appearances, she appears as one of the four main female characters of the web cartoon Gotham Girls. She made guest appearances in other cartoons within the DC animated universe, appearing alongside the Joker in the Justice League episode "Wild Cards" and alongside Poison Ivy in the Static Shock episode "Hard as Nails".
Harley Quinn appears in World's Finest: The Batman/Superman Movie as a rival and foil for Lex Luthor's assistant Mercy Graves. In the film's climax, Harley ties Graves as a human shield to a combat robot set to confront Superman and Batman, but Graves is rescued by the two heroes without suffering any harm; the animated movie Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker takes place in the future, long after the events in Batman: The Animated Series. It includes a flashback scene in which Harley helps the Joker torture Tim Drake until he has become "Joker Jr.", an insane miniature version of the Clown Prince of Crime. At the end of the movie, a pair of twin girls who model themselves on the Joker are released on bail to their grandmother, who angrily berates them — to which they answer: "Oh, shut up, Nana Harley!". Prior to this, her costume made several appearances in episodes in the future Batcave. Dr. Harleen Frances Quinzel, is depicted as having been a Psychiatrist at Gotham City's Arkham Asylum. Gotham City Sirens #7 shows Harley visiting her family for the holiday season, in which they are portrayed as being dysfunctional.
It is stated. The character's origin story relates that Harleen Quinzel was once a Psychiatrist at Arkham Asylum and was assigned to treat the Joker, she falls in love with the Joker and becomes his lover and accomplice. She follows suit in the Joker's clown-themed, criminal antics and adopts the name Harley Quinn, a play on "Harlequin" from the character in commedia dell'arte. Speaking with a pronounced Northeastern accent, Harley refers to the Joker as Mister J and Puddin', terms of endearment that have since been used in nearly every adaptation in which the two characters appear. Harley Quinn was first introduced in the Batman: The Animated Series appea