Harley Refsal

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Harley Refsal is an internationally recognized figure carver, specializing in Scandinavian flat-plane style of woodcarving.


Refsal was born and raised on a farm near Hoffman, Minnesota, which was homesteaded by his Norwegian-immigrant grandparents, he began working in wood as a young boy. His father, a carpenter and farmer, and a woodworker uncle who lived nearby kept him well supplied with wood, tools, and encouragement.


Refsal lived in Norway in the 1960s and again in the 1980s, and has traveled extensively throughout Scandinavia. Upon retiring from full-time teaching at Luther College, Decorah, Iowa in 2010, he holds the title Professor Emeritus of Scandinavian Folk Art. Since the 1980s, Refsal, who speaks fluent Norwegian, has shared his knowledge of and skills in Scandinavian-style flat-plane figure carving with thousands of carvers through courses and presentations in North America and in Scandinavia.

Refsal is an Emeritus Member of the Caricature Carvers of America.[1] In 1996 he was decorated by H.M. Harald V, King of Norway, receiving the St. Olav's Medal, in recognition of his role in reinvigorating and popularizing Scandinavian figure carving in both North America and Norway. Refsal teaches carving at a variety of course centers through the U.S., including Vesterheim Museum, Decorah, IA; North House Folk School, Grand Marais, MN; Milan Village Arts School, Milan, MN; Norsk Wood Works, Barronett, WI; and the John C. Campbell Folk School, Brasstown, NC.[2][3][4][5][6]

He was named 2012 Woodcarver of the Year by Woodcarving Illustrated Magazine.[7]



  • Refsal, Harley (2004). Art & Technique of Scandinavian Style Woodcarving. Fox Chapel Publishing, East Petersburg, PA. p. 137. ISBN 1-56523-230-5.
  • Refsal, Harley (2011). Whittling Little Folk. Fox Chapel Publishing, East Petersburg, PA. ISBN 978-1-56523-518-2.
  • Refsal, Harley (1992). Woodcarving in the Scandinavian Style. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc., New York, New York. p. 128. ISBN 0-8069-8633-6.


  1. ^ "Harley Refsal". Caricature Carvers of America.
  2. ^ "Vesterheim Norwegian-American Museum". Archived from the original on 2013-05-08.
  3. ^ "Harley Refsal". North House Folk School.
  4. ^ "Milan Village Arts School".
  5. ^ "Norsk Wood Works".
  6. ^ "John C. Campbell Folk School".
  7. ^ "2012 Woodcarver of the Year: Harley Refsal". Woodcarving Illustrated. Archived from the original on 2013-03-03.