John C. Campbell Folk School
The John C. Campbell Folk School referred to as "The Folk School" is located in Brasstown, North Carolina, along the Cherokee County and Clay line; the school was founded to nurture and preserve the folk arts of the Appalachian Mountains, it is a non-profit adult educational organization based on non-competitive learning. Founded in 1925, the Folk School's motto is "I sing behind the plow", it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a national historic district in 1983. The district encompasses 19 contributing buildings. Notable buildings include the Farm House, Keith House, Log House Museum, Mill House, Milking Barn, Hay Barn, Tower House, Rock House, Hill House; the Folk School has week-long and weekend classes year-round in traditional and contemporary arts, including blacksmithing, dance, gardening, nature studies, photography and writing. The school campus includes a history museum, craft shop, nature trails, lodging and cafeteria; the school holds a regular concert series and community dances.
The Folk School engages the community through a variety of dance teams including: Magic Rapper, StiX in the Mud Border Morris, Dame's Rocket Northwest Clog, Rural Felicity Garland, the JCCFS Cloggers. After spending eighteen months traveling between Denmark, Norway and Finland, visiting local schools along the way, Olive Dame Campbell and her colleague Marguerite Butler, began forming the John C. Campbell Folk School in 1925 in Brasstown, North Carolina; this folk high school or folkehøjskole, was dedicated to her late husband, John C. Campbell and was based on the Danish Folk School style of non competitive education, where no grades were given. Instead and teachers formed a community that worked together to help each other advance in various crafts such as blacksmithing. John C. Campbell, was an American educator and reformer noted for his survey of social conditions in the southern Appalachia, he was raised in Wisconsin. At the turn of the century, the Southern Appalachian region of the United States was viewed as being in need of educational and social missions.
Married to Olive Dame of Massachusetts, John undertook a fact-finding survey of social conditions in the mountains in 1908-1909. The Campbells outfitted a wagon as a traveling home and studied mountain life from Georgia to West Virginia. While John interviewed farmers about their agricultural practices, Olive collected Appalachian ballads and studied the handicrafts of the mountain people. Both were hopeful that the quality of life could be improved by education, in turn, wanted to preserve and share with the rest of the world the crafts and tools that the people of the area used in everyday life; the Folkehøjskole had long been a force in the rural life of Denmark. These schools for life helped transform the Danish countryside into a creative force; the Campbells talked of establishing such a school in the rural southern United States as an alternative to the higher-education facilities that drew young people away from the family farm. Several locations were under consideration for the experimental school.
On an exploratory trip, Miss Butler discussed the idea with Fred O. Scroggs, Brasstown's local storekeeper, saying that she would be back in a few weeks to determine if area residents had any interest in the idea; when she returned, it was to a meeting of over 200 people at the local church. The people of far west North Carolina enthusiastically pledged labor, building materials and other support. Community Events Music Events Community Contra and Square Dances and Dance Workshops Blacksmith and Fine Craft Auction Shape Note Singing Fall Festival Holiday Events Craft classes include: Basketry. Other types of classes include: Baking. National Register of Historic Places listings in Cherokee County, North Carolina Official website Official RSS feed Sing Behind the Plow: John C. Campbell Folk School "A Basket Case in North Carolina," New York Times Magazine, May 20, 2007. Morris and Garland Teams of Brasstown
St. Olav's Medal
The St. Olav's Medal and the St. Olav's Medal With Oak Branch were instituted by King Haakon VII of Norway on 17 March 1939, they are awarded in recognition of "outstanding services rendered in connection with the spreading of information about Norway abroad and for strengthening the bonds between expatriate Norwegians and their home country". The medals are in silver, surmounted by the Royal Crown. On the obverse is the portrait of the reigning King with his name and motto. On the reverse, St. Olav's cross. Above the medal is the monogram of the reigning King, it is worn on the left side of the breast with the ribbon of the Order of St. Olav; the medal ranks 9th in the order of precedence of Norwegian medals. When awarded for services rendered in wartime, the medal carries an oak branch and ranks 6th in the order of precedence of Norwegian medals. Orders and medals of Norway A complete searchable list of medal recipients can be found here. 1939 Henry Poynter Burnett, Commander, USN 1939 Brenda Ueland and teacher, Minnesota 1944 Egil Melsom, Assistant Engineer on the M/T Gallia 1951 Rev. Bent Emil Carlsen, known as "Pastor", of Milton, Massachussetts.
1954 Percy Grainger, Australian composer and pianist 1994 Kristin Brudevoll, former Director of Norla. 2002 Andrea Een, Hardanger fiddler, Minnesota 2005 Stan Boreson, Seattle, Washington 2008 Trygve Gunnar Morkemo 2014 Ewart Parkinson, OBE, town planner, Wales, for his role in saving and rebuilding the Norwegian Church in Cardiff Bay c1942 Captain Andrew Henry, O. B. E. Ref. Shetland Family History www.bayanne.info/Shetland Person I. D. 153644 Official Norwegian royal house web page http://medals.org.uk/norway/norway007.htm
Luther Seminary is a seminary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America in Saint Paul, Minnesota. It is the largest seminary of the ELCA, it accepts and educates students of 41 other denominations and traditions. It is accredited by the Association of Theological Schools, it has theological accreditation through the ELCA as well as the United Methodist Church. Luther Seminary is the result of a series of mergers that consolidated what at one time were six separate institutions into one seminary. In 1917 three Norwegian-American Lutheran churches united to create the Norwegian Lutheran Church of America; the NLCA changed its name to the Evangelical Lutheran Church in 1946. and became part of The American Lutheran Church in 1960, the first inter-Lutheran consolidation in North American to involve denominations of differing national origin.. Each of the three churches in the NLCA operated a seminary: the Norwegian Synod's Luther Seminary in Saint Paul, had been founded in 1876; the merged seminaries occupied the site of the United Church Seminary because it was the most developed and elaborate, retained the name of the oldest of the three schools, Luther Theological Seminary.
Presidents of Luther Theological Seminary Marcus Olaus Bøckmann 1892–1917 Marcus Olaus Bøckmann 1917–1930 T. F. Gullixson 1930–1954 Alvin Rogness 1954–1974 Lloyd Svendsbye 1974–1982 Augsburg Theological Seminary renamed Augsburg University, was founded in 1869 at Marshall, Wisconsin moved to Minneapolis, in 1897 became the seminary of the Lutheran Free Church, it remained a separate seminary until 1963 when the Lutheran Free Church merged with the American Lutheran Church three years after that body's formation. At that time, Augsburg Seminary was merged with Luther Theological Seminary; the merged institution took the Luther Theological Seminary name and the 1869 founding date of Augsburg Seminary. Northwestern Lutheran Theological Seminary traces its origin to the Chicago Lutheran Divinity School, begun in Chicago, Illinois, in 1920 following action taken by the English Evangelical Lutheran Synod of the Northwest, a synod of the United Lutheran Church in America. In 1921, the seminary was moved to Fargo, North Dakota, the following year to Minneapolis.
From 1921 to 1982, its name was Northwestern Lutheran Theological Seminary. Located in north Minneapolis from 1922 to 1940 and in south Minneapolis from 1940 to 1967, it moved near the campus of Luther Theological Seminary in Saint Paul in 1967. At the time of the formation of the Lutheran Church in America in 1962, Northwestern Lutheran Theological Seminary was placed under the jurisdiction of two supporting synods: the Minnesota Synod and the Red River Valley Synod. Presidents of Northwestern Lutheran Theological Seminary Joseph Stump 1920–1935 Paul Roth 1935–1950 Jonas Dressler 1950–1957 Clemens Zeidler 1957–1976 Lloyd Svendsbye 1976–1982 Desiring to make witness to a shared mission in theological education and Northwestern seminaries were functionally unified in 1976, beginning with a single administration. After a period of six years, the two seminaries formally merged on July 1, 1982, as Luther Northwestern Theological Seminary. On January 1, 1988, Luther Northwestern Theological Seminary became affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America formed by a merger of the LCA, the ALC, the Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches.
The seminary's name was simplified to Luther Seminary on July 1, 1994. In the 2018 -- 2019 academic year, Luther Seminary served 490 total students. Luther offers a Master of Divinity degree for students seeking ordination, as well as Master of Arts, Master of Theology, Doctor of Ministry, Doctor of Philosophy degrees for other students. In the fall of 2013, Luther Seminary suspended new admissions to the Ph. D program for at least three years as part of budget cuts; the seminary was planning to again offer the Ph. D program, with classing beginning in the fall semester of 2018; as in most seminaries, M. Div. Students complete three years of theological education, divided into a junior year, middler year and senior year. A full year of internship in a parish, is an integral part of pastoral training, a degree requirement for ELCA M. Div. Students. While individual situations may vary, internship begins after two-thirds of coursework has been completed. Thus, most students complete internship between their middler and senior year.
The internship requirement is unique to the ELCA among the other mainline denominations in the U. S. Luther Seminary teaches works by the novelist Frederick Buechner. In 2014, Luther Seminary created the Lutheran Buechner Prize for Preaching. Marcus Olaus Bøckmann Carl Braaten Gerhard Forde Richard A. Jensen John N. Kildahl John O. Evjen Hans Gerhard Stub Jacob Tanner Terence E. Fretheim Johan Arnd Aasgaard Lowell G. Almen Stuart E. Barstad Paul Egertson Mark Hanson Robert Jenson John N. Kildahl M. Victor Paul J. A. O. Preus II Fredrik A. Schiotz V. Trygve Jordahl Norway Lutheran Church Official website
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States. As of 2017, Minneapolis is the largest city in the state of Minnesota and 45th-largest in the United States, with an estimated population of 422,331; the Twin Cities metropolitan area consists of Minneapolis, its neighbor Saint Paul, suburbs which altogether contain about 3.6 million people, is the third-largest economic center in the Midwest. Minneapolis lies on both banks of the Mississippi River, just north of the river's confluence with the Minnesota River, adjoins Saint Paul, the state's capital; the city is abundantly rich in water, with 13 lakes, the Mississippi River and waterfalls. It was once a hub for timber; the city and surrounding region is the primary business center between Seattle. In 2011, Minneapolis proper was home to the fifth-highest number of Fortune 500 headquarters in the United States; as an integral link to the global economy, Minneapolis is categorized as a global city.
Minneapolis has one of the largest LGBT populations in the U. S. proportional to its overall population. Noted for its strong music and performing arts scenes, Minneapolis is home to both the award-winning Guthrie Theater and the historic First Avenue nightclub. Reflecting the region's status as an epicenter of folk and alternative rock music, the city served as the launching pad for several of the 20th century's most influential musicians, including Bob Dylan and Prince. Minneapolis has become noted for its underground and independent hip-hop and rap scenes, producing artists such as Brother Ali and Dessa; the name Minneapolis is attributed to Charles Hoag, the city's first schoolmaster, who combined mni, a Dakota Sioux word for water, polis, the Greek word for city. Descendants of first peoples, Dakota Sioux were the region's sole residents when French explorers arrived in 1680. For a time, amicable relations were based on fur trading. More European-American settlers arrived, competing for game and other resources with the Native Americans.
After the Revolutionary War, Great Britain granted the land east of the Mississippi to the United States. In the early 19th century, the United States acquired land to the west from France in the Louisiana Purchase. Fort Snelling, just south of present-day Minneapolis, was built in 1819 by the United States Army, it attracted traders and merchants, spurring growth in the area. The United States government pressed the Mdewakanton band of the Dakota to sell their land, allowing people arriving from the East to settle there. Preoccupied with the Civil War, the United States government reneged on its promises of cash payments to the Dakota, resulting in hunger, the Dakota War of 1862, internment and hardship; the Minnesota Territorial Legislature authorized Minneapolis as a town in 1856, on the Mississippi's west bank. Minneapolis incorporated as a city in 1867, the year rail service began between Minneapolis and Chicago, it joined with the east-bank city of St. Anthony in 1872. Minneapolis developed around Saint Anthony Falls, the highest waterfall on the Mississippi River and a source of power for its early industry.
Forests in northern Minnesota were a valuable resource for the lumber industry, which operated seventeen sawmills on power from the waterfall. By 1871, the west river bank had twenty-three businesses, including flour mills, woolen mills, iron works, a railroad machine shop, mills for cotton, paper and planing wood. Due to the occupational hazards of milling, six local sources of artificial limbs were competing in the prosthetics business by the 1890s; the farmers of the Great Plains grew grain, shipped by rail to the city's 34 flour mills. Millers have used hydropower elsewhere since the 1st century B. C. but the results in Minneapolis between 1880 and 1930 were so remarkable the city has been described as "the greatest direct-drive waterpower center the world has seen." A father of modern milling in America and founder of what became General Mills, Cadwallader C. Washburn converted his business from gristmills to revolutionary technology, including "gradual reduction" processing by steel and porcelain roller mills capable of producing premium-quality pure white flour quickly.
Some ideas were developed by William Dixon Gray and some acquired through industrial espionage from Hungary by William de la Barre. Charles A. Pillsbury and the C. A. Pillsbury Company across the river were a step behind, hiring Washburn employees to use the new methods; the hard red spring wheat that grows in Minnesota became valuable, Minnesota "patent" flour was recognized at the time as the best in the world. Not until did consumers discover the value in the bran that "... Minneapolis flour millers dumped" into the Mississippi. After 1883, a Minneapolis miller started a new industry when he began to sell bran byproduct as animal feed. Millers cultivated relationships with academic scientists at the University of Minnesota; those scientists backed them politically on many issues, such as in the early 20th century when health advocates in the nascent field of nutrition criticized the flour "bleaching" process. At peak production, a single mill at Washburn-Crosby made enough flour for 12 million loaves of bread each day.
Further, by 1895, through the efforts of silent partner William Hood Dunwoody, Washburn-Crosby exported four
Milan is a city in Chippewa County, United States. The population was 369 at the 2010 census. Milan was platted in 1880, incorporated in 1893; the city was named after Italy. A post office called Milan has been in operation since 1879. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.23 square miles, of which, 1.22 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. U. S. Route 59 and Minnesota State Highway 7. Since the mid-2000s Milan has been a destination for many Micronesian immigrants, who are allowed to move to the United States due to the compact of free association but have few legal pathways to citizenship and permanent residency. A third to a half of Milan's population is estimated to be Micronesian, most of them ethnic Chuukese; as of the census of 2010, there were 369 people, 150 households, 90 families residing in the city. The population density was 302.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 178 housing units at an average density of 145.9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 72.1% White, 1.1% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 20.6% Pacific Islander, 3.0% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population. There were 150 households, of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 40.0% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.22. The median age in the city was 37.5 years. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 53.1% male and 46.9% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 326 people, 150 households, 88 families residing in the city; the population density was 333.0 people per square mile. There were 176 housing units at an average density of 179.8 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 91.72% White, 0.92% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 7.06% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.36% of the population. There were 150 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.3% were non-families. 38.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.91. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, 26.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,000, the median income for a family was $37,813. Males had a median income of $31,667 versus $19,000 for females.
The per capita income for the city was $17,338. About 11.6% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over. Spoon Gathering
Rauland is a mountain village in Telemark County, Norway. It is situated in the traditional region of Vest-Telemark; the former municipality of Rauland was created in 1860 from the districts of Rauland in Vinje and Øyfjell in Lårdal as a border adjustment. The new municipality had a population of 988. On 1 January 1964, Rauland was incorporated into Vinje. Prior to the merger Rauland had a population of 1,656. Rauland is known for hiking and skiing. Well-known snowboarding celebrity, Terje Håkonsen, started his career in Rauland. Telemark University College has a campus in Rauland. Rauland Church was built in 1803, it was constructed based upon designs by architect Jarand Rønjom. Rauland Art Museum include sculptures, paintings and drawings by the sculptor Dyre Vaa. Rikard Berge, Norwegian folklorist and magazine editor Sveinung Svalastoga, Norwegian rose painter and woodcarver Aslaug Vaa, Norwegian poet and playwright Dyre Vaa, Norwegian sculptor and painter Olav Aslakson Versto, Norwegian politician for the Norwegian Labour Party The municipality is named after the old farm, since the first church was built there.
The first element is the genitive case of rauði m'bog-iron', the last element is land n'land, farm'. Dag Jukvam / Statistics Norway. "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen". Rauland website Rauland kunstmuseum website
Brasstown, North Carolina
Brasstown is an unincorporated community located within Clay County, North Carolina, United States, though one third of Brasstown is within the adjacent Cherokee County. According to the two Georgia historical markers, the area surrounding Brasstown Bald was settled by the Cherokee people. English-speaking settlers derived the word Brasstown from a translation error of the Cherokee word for its village place. Settlers confused the word Itse'yĭ" with Ûňtsaiyĭ, referred to the settlement as Brasstown. Itse'yĭ is a Cherokee locative name given to several distinct areas in the Cherokee region, including this one in North Carolina; the Opossum Drop was an annual event at Clay's Corner convenience store organized by Clay and Judy Logan. At midnight on New Year's Eve, instead of dropping an object, a plexiglass box containing a living opossum was lowered from the roof of the store; the animal is lowered into a screaming crowd with fireworks which many have found cruel to the wild animal. For the past 20 years New Year's Eve celebration has taken place under much protest.
In 2018 THE "POSSUM DROP ENDED. He has retired; the nationally recognized John C. Campbell Folk School, dedicated to preserving and encouraging the folk arts of the Appalachian Mountains, is located in Brasstown, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. The Tri-County Race Track, a 1/4-mile banked dirt oval race track, is located in Brasstown. Located in the west of the state, Brasstown is closer to the capitals of South Carolina, Alabama and Kentucky by driving time than it is to North Carolina's capital of Raleigh. NC HomeTownLocator "Brasstown", Roadside Thoughts