Grantly Dick-Read was a British obstetrician and a leading advocate of natural childbirth. Grantly Dick-Read was born in Beccles, Suffolk on 26 January 1890, the son of a Norfolk miller and the sixth of seven children. Educated at Bishop's Stortford College and Cambridge, he was horseman, he received his medical training at the London Hospital, where he qualified as a physician in 1914. During World War I, Dick-Read served with the Royal Army Medical Corps, he was badly wounded at Gallipoli but served in France. When the war ended, he returned to the London Hospital for a year and completed an MD at Cambridge. In the early 1920s, he worked at a clinic in Woking and it became popular. Dick-Read specialised in childbirth and care and writing up case histories and notes, he published his first book Natural Childbirth in 1933. Dick-Read's ideas were at first ridiculed, he was expelled from the London clinic he had set up with a group of fellow obstetricians; when the Woking partnership was dissolved in 1934, Dick-Read set up a private clinic at 25 Harley Street.
His second book, Revelation of Childbirth, was published in 1942, aimed at a general readership. It became an international bestseller, it is still in print. Dick-Read was invited to give lecture tours all over the world, he moved to South Africa in 1948. In 1953 he continued to lecture and write. In 1956 the UK Natural Childbirth Association, now called the National Childbirth Trust, was founded by Prunella Briance, it became the foremost charity concerned with early parenthood. Grantly Dick-Read was its first president. In 1957, a phonograph album featuring Dick-Read and entitled Natural Childbirth: A Documentary Record of the Birth of a Baby was released by Argo Records in the UK and Westminster Records in the US, it is still available as a CD from Martin. He died on 11 June 1959 aged 69 in Wroxham, Norfolk, at a riverside home, owned by the UK ukulele entertainer George Formby. A memorial plaque on Dick-Read's former clinic at 25 Harley Street was unveiled on 11 June 1992. Dick-Read has been criticized for being anti-feminist.
In his book Motherhood in the Post-War World he wrote, "Woman fails when she ceases to desire the children for which she was made. Her true emancipation lies in freedom to fulfill her biological purposes," as well as stating that tribal women who died in childbirth did so "without any sadness...realizing if they were not competent to produce children for the spirits of their fathers and for the tribe, they had no place in the tribe." He stated in 1942, "The mother is the factory, by education and care she can be made more efficient in the art of motherhood."He claimed that "primitive" women did not experience childbirth pain, although he did not define "primitive" and never watched women in childbirth in "primitive" societies. Anthropological research has demonstrated this claim to be untrue. There is as much variety in the method and experience of giving birth in so-called “primitive cultures” as there are in Western cultures. Childbirth positions Squatting position Dick-Read, Childbirth without Fear: The Principles and Practice of Natural Childbirth, Pinter & Martin, ISBN 978-0-9530964-6-6 Noyes Thomas, A.
Doctor Courageous: The story of Dr Grantly Dick Read Pregnancy Today article Pinter & Martin, Grantly Dick-Read's publishers New General Catalog of Old Books and Authors Natural Childbirth: A Documentary Record of the Birth of a Baby on Discogs Works by or about Grantly Dick-Read at Internet Archive
St Pancras railway station
St Pancras railway station known as London St Pancras and since 2007 as St Pancras International, is a central London railway terminus on Euston Road in the London Borough of Camden. It is the terminus for Eurostar continental services from London via High Speed 1 and the Channel Tunnel to Belgium and the Netherlands, it provides East Midlands Trains and Thameslink services to Corby and Nottingham on the Midland Main Line and Southeastern high-speed trains to Kent via Ebbsfleet International and Ashford International, local Thameslink cross-London services. It stands between the British Library, the Regent's Canal and King's Cross railway station, with which it shares a London Underground station, King's Cross St. Pancras; the station was constructed by the Midland Railway, which had an extensive network across the Midlands and the North of England, but no dedicated line into London. After rail traffic problems following the 1862 International Exhibition, the MR decided to build a connection from Bedford to London with their own terminus.
The station was constructed with a single-span iron roof. Following the station's opening on 1 October 1868, the MR constructed the Midland Grand Hotel on the station's façade, praised for its architecture and is now a Grade I listed building along with the rest of the station. By the 1960s, St Pancras was surplus to requirements and services were diverted to King's Cross and Euston but there was fierce opposition to its proposed closure and demolition of the station and hotel; the station was reinvented in the late 20th century as the terminal for the Channel Tunnel Rail Link in an urban regeneration plan across East London. The complex underwent a £800 million refurbishment, opened by Queen Elizabeth II in November 2007. A security-sealed terminal area was constructed for Eurostar services to continental Europe via High Speed 1 and the Channel Tunnel, with platforms for domestic trains to the north and south-east of England; the restored station has 15 platforms, a shopping centre, a coach facility.
St Pancras is owned by London and Continental Railways and managed by Network Rail, a subsidiary of Network Rail. St Pancras is at the southern end of the London Borough of Camden on a site orientated north/south, deeper than it is wide; the south is bounded by Euston Road, its frontage is the St Pancras Renaissance Hotel, while the west is bounded by Midland Road which separates it from the British Library and the east by Pancras Road which separates it from King's Cross station. The British Library is on the former goods yard site. Behind the hotel, the train shed is elevated 5 m above street level and the area below forms the station undercroft; the northern half of the station is bounded to the east by Camley Street, with Camley Street Natural Park across the road. To the north-east is King's Cross Central known as the Railway Lands, a complex of intersecting railway lines crossed by several roads and the Regent's Canal. Several London bus routes serve St Pancras, including 10, 59, 73, 205 and 390.
The station's name comes from the St. Pancras neighbourhood, which originates from the fourth-century Christian boy martyr Pancras of Rome; the station was commissioned by the Midland Railway, who had a network of routes in the Midlands, in south and west Yorkshire and Lancashire but no route of its own to London. Before 1857 the MR used the lines of the L&NWR for trains into the capital. In 1862, traffic for the second International Exhibition suffered extensive delays over the stretch of line into London over the GNR's track; this was the stimulus for the MR to build its own line to London from Bedford, which would be just under 50 miles long. Samuel Carter was solicitor for the parliamentary bill, sanctioned in 1863; the station was designed by William Henry Barlow and constructed on a site, a slum called Agar Town. Though coal and goods were the main motivation to build the station, the Midland realised the prestige of having a central London terminus, decided it must have a front on Euston Road.
The company purchased the eastern section of land on the road's north side owned by Earl Somers. The approaching line to the station crossed the Regent's Canal at height allowing the line reasonable gradients. Initial plans were for a two or three span roof with the void between station and ground level filled with spoil from tunnelling to join the Midland Main Line to the St. Pancras branch. Instead, due to the value of the land in such a location the lower area was used for freight, in particular beer from Burton; as a result, the undercroft was built with columns and girders, maximising space, set out to the same plans as those used for beer warehouses, with a basic unit of length that of a beer barrel. The contract for the construction of the station substructure and connecting lines was given to Messrs. Waring, with Barlow's assistant Campion as supervisor; the lower floor for beer warehousing contained interior columns 15 ft wide, 48 ft deep carrying girders supporting the main station and track.
The connection to the Widened Lines ran below the station's bottom level, in an east-to-west direction. To avoid the foundations of the roof interfering with the space beneath, to simplify the design, and
Central London is the innermost part of London, in the United Kingdom, spanning several boroughs. Over time, a number of definitions have been used to define the scope of central London for statistics, urban planning and local government, its characteristics are understood to include a high density built environment, high land values, an elevated daytime population and a concentration of regionally and internationally significant organisations and facilities. Road distances to London are traditionally measured from a central point at Charing Cross, marked by the statue of King Charles I at the junction of the Strand and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square; the London Plan defines the "Central Activities Zone" policy area, which comprises the City of London, most of Westminster and the inner parts of Camden, Hackney, Tower Hamlets, Lambeth, Kensington & Chelsea and Wandsworth. It is described as "a unique cluster of vitally important activities including central government offices and embassies, the largest concentration of London's financial and business services sector and the offices of trade, professional bodies, associations, publishing and the media".
For strategic planning, since 2011 there has been a Central London sub-region comprising the boroughs of Camden, Islington and Chelsea, Southwark and the City of London. From 2004 to 2008, the London Plan included a sub-region called Central London comprising Camden, Islington and Chelsea, Southwark and Westminster, it had a 2001 population of 1,525,000. The sub-region was replaced in 2008 with a new structure which amalgamated inner and outer boroughs together; this was altered in 2011 when a new Central London sub-region was created, now including the City of London and excluding Wandsworth. However, districts at the outer edge of this subregion such as Streatham and Dulwich are not considered as Central London; the 1901 census defined Central London as the City of London and the metropolitan boroughs of Bermondsey, Bethnal Green, Holborn, Southwark, Stepney, St Marylebone and Westminster. During the Herbert Commission and the subsequent passage of the London Government Bill, three unsuccessful attempts were made to define an area that would form a central London borough.
The first two were detailed in the 1959 Memorandum of Evidence of the Greater London Group of the London School of Economics. "Scheme A" envisaged a central London borough, one of 25, consisting of the City of London, Holborn and the inner parts of St Marylebone, St Pancras, Chelsea and Lambeth. The boundary deviated from existing lines to include all central London railway stations, the Tower of London and the museums, such that it included small parts of Kensington, Shoreditch and Bermondsey, it had an estimated population of 350,000 and occupied 7,000 acres."Scheme B" delineated central London, as one of 7 boroughs, including most of the City of London, the whole of Finsbury and Holborn, most of Westminster and Southwark, parts of St Pancras, St Marylebone, Paddington and a small part of Kensington. The area occupied 8,000 acres. During the passage of the London Government Bill an amendment was put forward to create a central borough corresponding to the definition used at the 1961 census.
It consisted of the City of London, all of Westminster and Finsbury. The population was estimated to be 270,000
J. M. W. Turner
Joseph Mallord William Turner, known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter and watercolourist, he is known for his expressive colourisations, imaginative landscapes and turbulent violent marine paintings. Turner was born in Covent Garden, London, to a modest lower middle-class family, he lived in London all his life, retaining his Cockney accent and assiduously avoiding the trappings of success and fame. A child prodigy, Turner studied at the Royal Academy of Arts from 1789, enrolling when he was 14, exhibited his first work there at 15. During this period, he served as an architectural draftsman, he earned a steady income from commissions and sales, which due to his troubled, contrary nature, were begrudgingly accepted. He opened his own gallery in 1804 and became professor of perspective at the academy in 1807, where he lectured until 1828, although he was viewed as profoundly inarticulate, he traveled to Europe from 1802 returning with voluminous sketchbooks.
Intensely private and reclusive, Turner was a controversial figure throughout his career. He did not marry, but fathered two daughters and Georgiana, by his housekeeper Sarah Danby, he became more pessimistic and morose as he got older after the death of his father, after which his outlook deteriorated, his gallery fell into disrepair and neglect, his art intensified. He lived in squalor and poor health from 1845, died in London in 1851 aged 76. Turner is buried in London, he left behind more than 550 oil paintings, 2,000 watercolours, 30,000 works on paper. He had been championed by the leading English art critic John Ruskin from 1840, is today regarded as having elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting. Joseph Mallord William Turner was baptised on 14 May, he was born in Covent Garden, in London, England. His father, William Turner, was a wig maker, his mother, Mary Marshall, came from a family of butchers. A younger sister, Mary Ann, was born in September 1778 but died in August 1783.
Turner's mother showed signs of mental disturbance from 1785 and was admitted to St Luke's Hospital for Lunatics in Old Street in 1799 and was moved in 1800 to Bethlem Hospital where she died in 1804. Turner was sent to his maternal uncle, Joseph Mallord William Marshall, in Brentford a small town on the banks of the River Thames west of London; the earliest known artistic exercise by Turner is from this period—a series of simple colourings of engraved plates from Henry Boswell's Picturesque View of the Antiquities of England and Wales. Around 1786, Turner was sent to Margate on the north-east Kent coast. There he produced a series of drawings of the town and surrounding area that foreshadowed his work. By this time, Turner's drawings were being exhibited in his father's shop window and sold for a few shillings, his father boasted to the artist Thomas Stothard that: "My son, sir, is going to be a painter". In 1789, Turner again stayed with his uncle. A whole sketchbook of work from this time in Berkshire survives as well as a watercolour of Oxford.
The use of pencil sketches on location, as the foundation for finished paintings, formed the basis of Turner's essential working style for his whole career. Many early sketches by Turner were architectural studies or exercises in perspective, it is known that, as a young man, he worked for several architects including Thomas Hardwick, James Wyatt and Joseph Bonomi the Elder. By the end of 1789, he had begun to study under the topographical draughtsman Thomas Malton, specialised in London views. Turner learned from him the basic tricks of the trade and colouring outline prints of British castles and abbeys, he would call Malton "My real master". Topography was a thriving industry. Turner entered the Royal Academy of Art in 1789, aged 14, was accepted into the academy a year by Sir Joshua Reynolds. Turner showed an early interest in architecture, but was advised by Thomas Hardwick to focus on painting, his first watercolour, A View of the Archbishop's Palace, Lambeth was accepted for the Royal Academy summer exhibition of 1790 when Turner was 15.
As an academy probationer, Turner was taught drawing from plaster casts of antique sculptures. From July 1790 to October 1793, his name appears in the registry of the academy over a hundred times. In June 1792, he was admitted to the life class to learn to draw the human body from nude models. Turner exhibited watercolours each year at the academy while painting in the winter and travelling in the summer throughout Britain to Wales, where he produced a wide range of sketches for working up into studies and watercolours; these focused on architectural work, which used his skills as a draughtsman. In 1793, he showed the watercolour titled The Rising Squall – Hot Wells from St Vincent's Rock Bristol, which foreshadowed his climatic effects. Cunningham in his obituary of Turner wrote that it was: "recognised by the wiser few as a noble attempt at lifting landscape art out of the tame insipidities... evinced for the first time that mastery of effect for which he is now justly celebrated". In 1796, Turner exhibited Fishermen at Sea, his first oil painting for the academy, of a nocturnal moonlit scene of the Needles off the Isle of Wight, an image of boats in peril.
Wilton said that the image: "Is a summary of all, said about the sea by the artists of the 18th century." And shows strong influence
Freddie Mercury was a British singer-songwriter, record producer and lead vocalist of the rock band Queen. He is regarded as one of the greatest singers in the history of popular music, was known for his flamboyant stage persona and four-octave vocal range. Born in 1946 in Zanzibar to Parsi parents from India, he attended English-style boarding schools in India from the age of eight, returned to Zanzibar after secondary school. In 1964, his family fled the Zanzibar Revolution, moving to England. Having studied and written music for years, he formed Queen in 1970 with guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor. Mercury wrote numerous hits for Queen, including "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Killer Queen", "Somebody to Love", "Don't Stop Me Now", "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", "We Are the Champions", he led a solo career and served as a producer and guest musician for other artists. Mercury died in 1991 at age 45 due to complications from AIDS, he confirmed the day before his death. As a member of Queen, Mercury was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001, the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2003, the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2004.
In 1990, he and the band Queen were awarded the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to British Music. In 1992 a tribute concert was held at London. In 2002, Mercury ranked as number 58 in the BBC's 2002 poll of the 100 Greatest Britons; the 2018 film about Mercury and Queen, Bohemian Rhapsody, is the highest-grossing musical biographical film of all time. Rami Malek won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance as Mercury in the film, among critical praise and other accolades. Mercury was born Farrokh Bulsara in Stone Town in the British protectorate of Zanzibar on 5 September 1946, his parents and Jer Bulsara, were Parsis from the Gujarat region of the then-province of the Bombay Presidency in British India. They had moved to Zanzibar so that Bomi could continue his job as a cashier at the British Colonial Office; as Parsis, the Bulsara family practised the Zoroastrian religion. Mercury had a younger sister, Kashmira Bulsara, now based in Nottingham, who took her husband's surname after marrying Roger Cooke.
He was born with four supernumerary incisors. As Zanzibar was a British protectorate until 1963, Mercury was born a British citizen, he remained so throughout his life. Mercury spent most of his childhood in India where he began taking piano lessons at the age of seven while living with relatives. In 1954, at the age of eight, Mercury was sent to study at St. Peter's School, a British-style boarding school for boys, in Panchgani near Bombay. At the age of 12, he formed a school band, the Hectics, covered rock and roll artists such as Cliff Richard and Little Richard. One of Mercury's former bandmates from the Hectics has said "the only music he listened to, played, was Western pop music." A friend from the time recalls that he had "an uncanny ability to listen to the radio and replay what he heard on piano". It was at St. Peter's where he began to call himself "Freddie", he attended St. Mary's School, Mumbai. In February 1963 he moved back to Zanzibar. In 1964, Mercury and his family fled from Zanzibar to escape the violence of the revolution for independence, in which thousands of ethnic Arabs and Indians were killed.
They moved into a small house at 22 Gladstone Avenue, Middlesex, England. After first studying art at Isleworth Polytechnic in West London, Mercury studied graphic art and design at Ealing Art College, graduating with a diploma in 1969, he used these skills to design heraldic arms for his band Queen. Following graduation, Mercury joined a series of bands and sold second-hand clothes in Kensington Market in London with girlfriend Mary Austin, he held a job as a baggage handler at Heathrow Airport. Friends from the time remember him as a shy young man with a great interest in music. In 1969 he joined the Liverpool-based band Ibex renamed Wreckage, he lived in a flat above a Liverpool pub, The Dovedale Towers. When this band failed to take off, he joined another called Sour Milk Sea, but by early 1970 this group had broken up as well. In April 1970, Mercury teamed up with guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor, to become lead singer of their band Smile, they were joined by bassist John Deacon in 1971.
Despite the reservations of the other members and Trident Studios, the band's initial management, Mercury chose the name "Queen" for the new band. He said, "It's regal and it sounds splendid. It's a strong name universal and immediate. I was aware of the gay connotations, but, just one facet of it." At about the same time, he changed his surname, Bulsara, to Mercury. Shortly before the release of Queen's self-titled first album, Mercury designed the band's logo, known as the "Queen crest"; the logo combines the zodiac signs of the four band members: two lions for Deacon and Taylor, a crab for May, two fairies for Mercury. The lions embrace a stylised letter Q, the crab rests atop the letter with flames rising directly above it, the fairies are each sheltering below a lion. A crown is shown inside the Q, the whole logo is over-shadowed by an enormous phoenix; the Queen crest bears a passing resemblance to the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom with the lion supporters. Although Mercury's speaking voice fell in the baritone range, he delivered most songs in the tenor range.
His known vocal range extended from bass low F to soprano high F. He co
Marylebone is an area in the West End of London, part of the City of Westminster. Bounded by Oxford Street to the south, Marylebone Road to the north, Edgware Road to the west and Great Portland Street to the east, the area east of Great Portland Street up to Cleveland Street, known as Fitzrovia since the 1940s, was East Marylebone. Marylebone gets its name from a church dedicated to St Mary, represented now by St Marylebone Parish Church; this stream rose further north in what is now Swiss Cottage running along what is now Marylebone Lane, which preserves its curve within the grid pattern. The church and the surrounding area became known as St Mary at the Bourne, afterwards corrupted to Marybourne, Mary-la-bonne, now Marylebone; the received pronunciation is'MARRY-le-bn', however'MAR—le-bone’ is used. It is a common misunderstanding; the manor of Tyburn is mentioned in the Domesday Book as a possession of Barking Abbey valued at 52 shillings, with a population no greater than 50. Early in the 13th century it was held by 3rd Earl of Oxford.
At the end of the 15th century Thomas Hobson bought up the greater part of the manor. Tyburn manor remained with the Crown until the southern part was sold in 1611 by James I, who retained the deer park, to Edward Forest, who had held it as a fixed rental under Elizabeth I. Forest's manor of Marylebone passed by marriage to the Austen family; the deer park, Marylebone Park Fields, was let out in small holdings for dairy produce. In 1710, John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, purchased the manor for £17,500, his daughter and heir, Lady Henrietta Cavendish Holles, by her marriage to Edward Harley, Earl of Oxford, passed it into the family of the Earl of Oxford, one of whose titles was Lord Harley of Wigmore, she and the earl, realising the need for fashionable housing north of the Oxford Road, commissioned the surveyor and builder John Prince to draw a master plan that set Cavendish Square in a rational grid system of streets. The Harley heiress Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley married William, 2nd Duke of Portland, took the property, including Marylebone High Street, into the Bentinck family.
Such place names in the neighbourhood as Cavendish Square and Portland Place reflect the Dukes of Portland landholdings and Georgian-era developments there. In 1879 the fifth Duke died without issue and the estate passed through the female line to his sister, Lucy Joan Bentinck, widow of the 6th Baron Howard de Walden. A large part of the area directly to the west was constructed by the Portman family and is known as the Portman Estate. Both estates have aristocratic antecedents and are still run by members of the aforementioned families; the Howard de Walden Estate owns and manages the majority of the 92 acres of real estate in Marylebone which comprises the area from Marylebone High Street in the west to Robert Adam's Portland Place in the east and from Wigmore Street in the south to Marylebone Road in the north. In the 18th century the area was known for the raffish entertainments in Marylebone Gardens, the scene of bear-baiting and prize fights by members of both sexes, for the duelling grounds in Marylebone Fields.
The Crown repurchased the northern part of the estate in 1813. The Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone was a metropolitan borough of the County of London between 1899 and 1965, after which, with the Metropolitan Borough of Paddington and the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster it was merged into the City of Westminster. Marylebone was the scene of the Balcombe Street siege in 1975, when Provisional Irish Republican Army terrorists held two people hostage for a week. Marylebone is characterised by major streets on a grid pattern such as Gloucester Place, Baker Street, Marylebone High Street, Wimpole Street, Harley Street and Portland Place, with smaller mews between the major streets. Mansfield Street is a short continuation of Chandos Street built by the Adam brothers in 1770, on a plot of ground, underwater. Most of its houses are fine buildings with exquisite interiors, which if put on the market now would have an expected price in excess of £10 million, it has attracted people who understand attractive buildings – at Number 13 lived religious architect John Loughborough Pearson who died in 1897, designer of Castle Drogo and Delhi Sir Edwin Lutyens, who died in 1944.
Across the road at 61 New Cavendish Street lived Natural History Museum creator Alfred Waterhouse. Queen Anne Street is an elegant cross-street which unites the northern end of Chandos Street with Welbeck Street; the painter JMW Turner moved to 47 Queen Anne Street in 1812 from 64 Harley Street, now divided into numbers 22 and 23, owned the house until his death in 1851. It was known as "Turner's Den", becoming damp, dusty, with dozens of Turner's works of art now in the National Gallery scattered throughout the house, walls covered in tack holes and a drawing room inhabited by cats with no tails. During the same period a few hundred yards to the east, Chandos House in Chandos Street was used as the Austro-Hungarian Embassy and residence of the fabulously extravagant Ambassador Prince Paul Anton III Esterhazy, seeing entertainment on a most lavish scale; the building is one of the finest surviving Adam houses in London, now lets rooms. Marylebone is home to the histor
Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh
For the 4th Earl of Iddesleigh, see Stafford Northcote, 4th Earl of IddesleighStafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh, known as Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt, from 1851 to 1885, was a British Conservative politician. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1874 and 1880 and as Foreign Secretary between 1885 and 1886, was one of only two people to hold the office of First Lord of the Treasury without being Prime Minister. Northcote was born at Portland Place, London, on 27 October 1818, he was the eldest son of Henry Stafford Northcote, eldest son of Sir Stafford Henry Northcote, 7th Baronet. His mother was daughter of Thomas Cockburn, his paternal ancestors had long been settled in Devon, tracing their descent from Galfridas de Nordcote who settled there in 1103. The family home was situated at Pynes House northwest of Exeter. Northcote was educated at Eton and Balliol College and was called to the bar, Inner Temple, in 1847. In 1843 Northcote became private secretary to William Ewart Gladstone at the Board of Trade.
He was afterwards legal secretary to the board. He succeeded his grandfather, Sir Stafford Henry Northcote, as 8th baronet in 1851, he entered Parliament in 1855 as Conservative Member of Parliament for Dudley with the support of the influential local landowner Lord Ward. However, tensions between Northcote and Lord Ward soon arose, in particular over a vote over conflict with China, where the two men supported opposite sides in the vote. Northcote subsequently decided not to contest Dudley again and stood unsuccessfully for North Devon in 1857, he returned to parliament in the following year, when he was elected for Stamford in 1858, a seat which he exchanged in 1866 for North Devon. He was Financial Secretary to the Treasury under the Earl of Derby from January to July 1859. Supporting his party, he became President of the Board of Trade in 1866, Secretary of State for India in 1867, Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1874. In 1870, during the interval between these last two appointments, he was the Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, North America's oldest company, when they sold the Northwest Territories to Canada.
Northcote was one of the commissioners for the settlement of the Alabama Claims with the United States, culminating with the Treaty of Washington in 1871. On Disraeli's elevation to the House of Lords as Earl of Beaconsfield in 1876, Northcote became Leader of the Conservative party in the Commons; as a finance minister he was dominated by the lines of policy laid down by Gladstone. His temper as leader was, too gentle to satisfy the more ardent spirits among his own followers, party cabals led to Northcote's elevation to the Lords in 1885, when Lord Salisbury became prime minister. Taking the titles of Earl of Iddesleigh and Viscount St Cyres, he was included in the cabinet as First Lord of the Treasury. In Lord Salisbury's 1886 ministry he became Foreign Secretary, but the arrangement was not a comfortable one, his resignation had just been decided upon when on 12 January 1887 he died suddenly at the First Lord of the Treasury's official residence, 10 Downing Street. Northcote was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1875 and Lord Rector of Edinburgh University in 1883, in which capacity he addressed the students on the subject of "Desultory Reading".
From 1886 to 1887 he was Lord Lieutenant of Devon. He was not a prolific or notable writer, but amongst his works were Twenty Years of Financial Policy, a valuable study of Gladstonian finance, Lectures and Essays, his Life by Andrew Lang appeared in 1890. Northcote was appointed a CB in 1851 and a GCB in 1880 and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1866. Northcote married Cecilia Frances Farrer, daughter of Thomas Farrer and sister of Thomas Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer, in 1843, they had three daughters. His second son, Henry, 1st Baron Northcote, was Governor-General of Australia. Another son, Amyas became known as a writer of ghost stories. In the aftermath of the British Expedition to Abyssinia, Northcote built up a small but prestigious collection of Ethiopian artefacts, now in the British Museum; the 1881 Census shows him living next door to Lord Randolph Churchill MP and family, at 30 St James Place, Westminster. 1818–1851: Mr Stafford Northcote 1851–1855: Sir Stafford Northcote Bt CB 1855–1866: Sir Stafford Northcote Bt CB MP 1866–1880: The Right Honourable Sir Stafford Northcote Bt CB MP 1880–1885: The Right Honourable Sir Stafford Northcote Bt GCB MP 1885–1887: The Right Honourable The Earl of Iddesleigh GCB PC This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed..
"Iddesleigh, Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 14. Cambridge University Press. P. 280. Lang, Andrew. Life and Diaries of Sir Stafford Northcote, First Earl of Iddesleigh online Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages Leigh Rayment's Historical