Stephanus Abraham Stef Blok is a Dutch politician of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy. He is the Minister of Security and Justice in the Cabinet Rutte II since 27 January 2017, Blok previously served as a Member of the House of Representatives from 25 August 1998 until 23 May 2002, and again from 3 September 2002 until 5 November 2012. He became the Parliamentary leader of the Peoples Party for Freedom, on 5 November 2015 he became Minister for Housing and the Central Government Sector in the second Rutte cabinet. Blok served as Minister of Security and Justice after the resignation of Ivo Opstelten from 10 March 2015 until 20 March 2015, stephanus Abraham Blok was born on 10 December 1964 in Emmeloord, now in the Province of Flevoland. After attending Stedelijk Gymnasium Leiden, he studied Business Administration at the University of Groningen from 1977 until 1983, Blok worked for ABN AMRO from 1989 until 1998. He was a member of the council of Nieuwkoop from 1994 to 1998. Drs. S. A.
Blok Parlement & Politiek
The Netherlands, informally known as Holland is the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is a densely populated country located in Western Europe with three territories in the Caribbean. The European part of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing borders with Belgium, the United Kingdom. The three largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam and The Hague, Amsterdam is the countrys capital, while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of parliament and government. The port of Rotterdam is the worlds largest port outside East-Asia, the name Holland is used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. Netherlands literally means lower countries, influenced by its low land and flat geography, most of the areas below sea level are artificial. Since the late 16th century, large areas have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, with a population density of 412 people per km2 –507 if water is excluded – the Netherlands is classified as a very densely populated country.
Only Bangladesh, South Korea, and Taiwan have both a population and higher population density. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is the worlds second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products and this is partly due to the fertility of the soil and the mild climate. In 2001, it became the worlds first country to legalise same-sex marriage, the Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G-10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as being a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EUs criminal intelligence agency Europol and this has led to the city being dubbed the worlds legal capital. The country ranks second highest in the worlds 2016 Press Freedom Index, the Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of 177 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. It had the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world in 2013 according to the International Monetary Fund, in 2013, the United Nations World Happiness Report ranked the Netherlands as the seventh-happiest country in the world, reflecting its high quality of life.
The Netherlands ranks joint second highest in the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the region called Low Countries and the country of the Netherlands have the same toponymy. Place names with Neder, Nieder and Nedre and Bas or Inferior are in use in all over Europe. They are sometimes used in a relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Oben. In the case of the Low Countries / the Netherlands the geographical location of the region has been more or less downstream. The geographical location of the region, changed over time tremendously
Party for Freedom
The Party for Freedom is a Dutch nationalist and right-wing populist political party in the Netherlands. Founded in 2006 as the successor to Geert Wilders one-man party in the House of Representatives, in the 2010 general election it won 24 seats, making it the third-largest party. At that time the PVV agreed to support the minority government led by Prime Minister Mark Rutte without having ministers in the cabinet, however the PVV withdrew its support in April 2012 due to differences over budget cuts at the Catshuis. It came third in the 2014 European Parliament election, winning four out of 26 seats, in the 2017 election, the Party for Freedom won 20 seats, making it the second-largest party in the House of Representatives. The PVV has proposed banning the Quran and shutting down all mosques in the Netherlands, Party for Freedom is an association with Geert Wilders as its sole member. The party is ineligible for Dutch government funding and relies on donations, the partys history began with Geert Wilders departure from the VVD in September 2004.
Wilders could not accept the VVDs positive stance towards Turkeys possible accession to the European Union, although the VVD expected Wilders to return his parliamentary seat to the party, he refused, and continued to sit in parliament as a one-man party, Groep Wilders. In June 2005 Wilders was one of the leaders in the campaign against the European Constitution, Spruyt left the party in the summer of 2006 after it proved unable to build broad conservative backing, and people like Joost Eerdmans and Marco Pastors proved unwilling to join. Later, Spruyt commented that the PVV had a tendency toward fascism. He qualified the statement, though he didnt withdraw it, former PVV candidate Lucas Hartong called Spruyts claims a cheap insinuation. On 10 January 2007 the PVV announced it would not field candidates at the forthcoming Provincial elections and this meant it would be unrepresented in the Senate. Former trade union leader and prominent Christian Democrat Doekle Terpstra proposed an initiative against Geert Wilders, Terpstra sees Wilders as promoting intolerance, and discrimination against Muslims.
He is supported in his cause by the large Dutch trade unions and the public are divided on Terpstras initiative. The newspaper De Pers reported the day that much of Terpstras support did not actualize. The film attempts to demonstrate that the Quran motivates its followers to hate all who violate Islamic teachings, the film argues that Islam encourages acts of terrorism, violence against women and homosexuals, and Islamic universalism. A large part of the deals with the influence of Islam on the Netherlands. The films title, the Arabic word fitna, means either disagreement, Wilders described the film as a call to shake off the creeping tyranny of Islamization. Polling by Maurice de Hond published in March 2009 indicated that the PVV was the most popular parliamentary party, the polls predicted that the party would take 21 per cent of the national vote, giving it 32 out of 150 seats in the Dutch parliament
Pieter Jan Marie Litjens is a Dutch politician of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy. He is an Alderman in Amsterdam since 18 June 2014, Litjens previously served as an Alderman for the Amsterdam borough Zuidoost from April 2002 until August 2006. After the Dutch municipal elections of 2014 he became a Alderman in Amsterdam on 18 June 2014, pieter Jan Marie Litjens was born on 17 May 1968 in Utrecht in the Netherlands Province of Utrecht. He worked for the VNO-NCW from 1996 to 1999 when he became the advisor of the alderman for Economic Affairs of Amsterdam. In April 2002 he became an Alderman for the Amsterdam-Zuidoost borough, dealing with finance, economic affairs and recreation, environmental management and personnel and he stepped down in 2006 and was elected mayor of Aalsmeer the following year, taking office on 15 August 2007. He was candidate for the House of Representatives during the Dutch general election of 2012 and he was elected on 12 September 2012 and left mayoralty of Aalsmeer the same day he has taken office as an MP.
Litjens became alderman in Amsterdam on 18 June 2014, he resigned in the House of Representatives on 25 June and was replaced by Hayke Veldman
House of Representatives (Netherlands)
The House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral parliament of the Netherlands, the States General, the other one being the Senate. It has 150 seats which are filled through elections using a party-list proportional representation and it sits in the Binnenhof in The Hague. Although this body is called the House of Representatives in English, this is not a translation of its Dutch name. Rather than representatives, members of the House are referred to as Tweede Kamerlid, the House of Representatives is the main chamber of parliament, where discussion of proposed legislation and review of the actions of the cabinet takes place. Both the Cabinet and the House of Representatives itself have the right to propose legislation, review of the actions of the cabinet takes the form of formal interrogations, which may result in motions urging the cabinet to take, or refrain from, certain actions. No individual may be a member of parliament and cabinet, except in a caretaker cabinet that has not yet been succeeded when a new House is sworn in.
The House of Representatives is responsible for the first round of selection for judges to the Supreme Court of the Netherlands and it submits a list of three names for every vacant position to the Government. Furthermore, it elects the Dutch Ombudsman and his subsidiaries, the normal term of the House of Representatives is four years. Anybody eligible to vote in the Netherlands has the right to establish a political party, parties wanting to take part must register 43 days before the elections, supplying a nationwide list of at most 50 candidates. The candidate lists are placed in the hands of the voters at least 14 days before the election, each candidate list is numbered, with the person in the first position known as the lijsttrekker. The lijsttrekker is usually appointed by the party to lead its election campaign, two or more parties can agree to combine their separate lists, which increases the chance of winning a remainder seat. Only large parties usually have some regional candidates at the bottom of their lists, a single vote can be placed on any one candidate.
Many voters select one of the lijsttrekkers, but alternatively a preference vote may be made for a lower down the list. Once the election results are known, the seats are allocated to the parties, the number of valid national votes cast is divided by 150, the number of seats available, to give a threshold for each seat, 1/150th is approximately 0. 67% of the valid votes. Each partys number of votes is divided by this threshold to give a number of seats. Any party that received fewer votes than the threshold fails to gain representation in the House of Representatives, the threshold is one of the lowest for national parliaments in the world, and there are usually multiple parties winning seats with 2% or less of the vote. Any party that received more than 75% of the threshold will have its deposit refunded, after the initial seats are allocated, the remainder seats are allocated using the DHondt method of largest averages. This system slightly favours the larger parties, list combinations compete for the remainder seats as one list of the combined size of all parties in the combination, thus having more chance to gain remainder seats
Halbe Zijlstra is a Dutch politician of the right wing Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy. He served as State Secretary for Education and Science in the first Rutte cabinet from 14 October 2010 until 5 November 2012, halbe Zijlstra was born in Oosterwolde, in the province of Friesland, where he attended secondary education at vwo level. He studied Sociology at the University of Groningen, after which he worked for several companies. Having been a member of Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy since 1994, Zijlstra served as a member of the council of the city of Utrecht from 1998 to 2001. He was elected to the House of Representatives in the 2006 general election, in the House, he was his partys spokesman on care, sports, higher education and sciences and biotechnology. On 14 October 2010, Zijlstra was appointed as State Secretary for Education, additionally, Zijlstra initiated budget cuts in the culture sector, sharpening the conditions necessary to be eligible for government subsidies, and merging several cultural funds.
These measures saved a total of 200 million euros, after Ruttes first cabinet lost a motion of no confidence in 2012 and new elections were held, Zijlstra returned to the House of Representatives as chairman of his partys parliamentary group. In 2016, he announced he would not be available for a term as parliamentary group leader after the 2017 general election. Zijlstra resides in Wassenaar, a village just north of The Hague in the province of South Holland and he has been an active member of a carrier pigeon club
Edith Ingeborg Schippers is a Dutch politician who has served as Minister of Health and Sport of the Netherlands since 2010. A member of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy, Schippers was a member of the House of Representatives from 2003 until 2010 and again, briefly, in 2012. Schippers was elected as deputy leader of the VVD in the House of Representatives in 2006, after the second Rutte cabinet succeeded the first one, Schippers remained in her position. Schippers was born in Utrecht, but spent her years attending primary school in Dordrecht, at the age of 12, she moved to Wachtum in Drenthe. Edith Schippers alma mater is Leiden University, where she studied science from 1985 till 1991. She spent half a year studying at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, in 1993, Schippers became personal assistant to member of parliament Dick Dees. She served in this position until 1994, after which she became a member of the VVD parliamentary fraction dealing with healthcare, welfare. After that, Schippers found employment at employers organization VNO-NCW, from 1997 until 2001, her portfolio as secretary for VNO-CNW included healthcare and the labour market and from 2001 until 2003 spatial planning.
Schippers was elected into the House of Representatives in the 2003 general election and was sworn in on 3 June of that year, in 2006 she was elected as vice chairman of the VVD parliamentary party. Schippers considered this a great honour, but not her greatest success, in 2010 she succeeded Ab Klink in becoming Minister of Health and Sport in the first Rutte cabinet. She briefly returned to the House of Representatives after the 2012 general election and she overcame three motions of no confidence in the parliament. One was issued in 2012, for not adequately informing the parliament about the costs of bringing the Olympics to the Netherlands, in the same year another motion of no confidence was issued against her and minister Henk Bleker, for the way they treated the issues surrounding Q-fever. In 2013 a motion was issued regarding her actions with regards to fraud in the healthcare sector, Edith Schippers profile on government. nl Edith Schippers profile on the VVDs official website
Anouchka van Miltenburg
Anouchka van Miltenburg is a Dutch politician of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy. She was the Speaker of the House of Representatives from 25 September 2012 until 12 December 2015 and has been a Member of the House of Representatives since 30 January 2003. Van Miltenburg attended Mavo in Utrecht from 1979 until 1984 when she studied for a year at the Prince of Wales College in Vancouver, from 1984 until 1986 she attended a Havo in Nieuwegein. After that she began a study in journalism at the school in Tilburg. From 1991 until 2001 she worked as a freelance journalist for various media companies, and from 1992 until 1993 she worked as a teacher at a media school in s-Hertogenbosch. On March 14,2002 she was elected as a member of the council in her hometown of Zaltbommel for the Peoples Party for Freedom. She left the council on 1 January 2003 when she became a candidate for the House of Representatives during the Dutch general election of 2003. On 30 January 2003 she has become a Member of the House of Representatives and has been re-elected ever since and her main focuses was on matters of mass media and medical ethics.
On 20 September 2012 she announced her candidacy to succeed Gerdi Verbeet as Speaker of the House of Representatives, Verbeet retired after six-years and this left the high office open. Van Miltenburg defeated fellow former journalist Ton Elias in an election in the Peoples Party for Freedom. Van Miltenburg resigned as Speaker of the House on 12 December 2015, Anouchka van Miltenburg has been married to Chris Halkes since 1991 and has three children, she lives in Zaltbommel. She is a member of the Catholic Church, in the 1990s Van Miltenburg was the lead singer of a rock band called Blow Smoke. Parlement. com biography Anouchka van Miltenburg Anouchka van Miltenburg
Han ten Broeke
Johannes Hermanus ten Broeke is a Dutch politician. As a member of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy he has been an MP since November 30,2006 and he focuses on matters of foreign policy and the armed forces of the Netherlands. Ten Broeke studied political science with a specialization in international relations at Leiden University, european Council on Foreign Relations, Member Parlement. com biography Han ten Broeke personal website House of Representatives biography Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy biography
Mark Rutte is a Dutch politician who has been the Prime Minister of the Netherlands since 14 October 2010, and the Leader of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy since 31 May 2006. At the 2006 general election, the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy, already under Rutte, lost six seats, and he became the opposition leader. At the following election in 2010, the VVD won the highest number of votes cast. After a long period, Rutte became Prime Minister and formed a Cabinet. When Rutte was sworn in on 14 October 2010, he became the first liberal Prime Minister of the Netherlands in 92 years, on 5 November 2012, the Second Rutte cabinet was installed by Queen Beatrix. Izaäk Rutte worked for a company, first as an importer in the Dutch East Indies. Rutte attended a high school from 1979 until 1985, specialising in the arts. Although Ruttes original ambition was to attend a conservatory and become a concert pianist, he went to study history at Leiden University instead, where he obtained a MA degree in 1992.
Rutte combined his studies with a position on the board of the Youth Organisation Freedom and Democracy, after his studies, Rutte entered the business world, working as a manager for Unilever and Calvé. Until 1997, Rutte was part of the human resource department of Unilever, between 1997 and 2000, Rutte was staff manager for Van den Bergh Nederland, a subsidiary of Unilevers. In 2000, Rutte became a member of the Corporate Human Resources Group, between 1993 and 1997, Rutte was a member of the national board of the VVD. Rutte served as a member of the VVD candidate committee for the election of 2002. Rutte was elected as Member of Parliament in 2003, Rutte served as Undersecretary in the Social Affairs and Employment ministry from 22 July 2002 to 17 June 2004 in the first and second Balkenende cabinets. Rutte was responsible for fields including bijstand and arbeidsomstandigheden, after the 2003 elections Rutte was briefly a member of the House of Representatives, from 30 January to 27 May 2003.
In office, Rutte showed particular interest in making the Dutch higher education system more competitive internationally, Rutte would have been succeeded by former The Hague alderman Bruno Bruins. Before Bruins could be sworn into office, the second Balkenende cabinet fell, in the subsequently formed third Balkenende cabinet Bruins succeeded Rutte as Undersecretary. Rutte resigned as Undersecretary in June 2006 to return to the House of Representatives, Rutte became an important figure within the VVD leadership. Rutte was campaign manager for the 2006 municipal elections, on 31 May 2006, it was announced that Mark Rutte would be the next front-runner of the VVD