New York (state)
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State; the state's most populous city, New York City, makes up over 40% of the state's population. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area, nearly 40% lives on Long Island; the state and city were both named for the 17th century Duke of York, the future King James II of England. With an estimated population of 8.62 million in 2017, New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. The New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous in the world. New York City is a global city, home to the United Nations Headquarters and has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, as well as the world's most economically powerful city.
The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. The 27th largest U. S. state in land area, New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut and Vermont to the east; the state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley; the large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state. Two major river valleys – the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley – bisect these more mountainous regions. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Niagara Falls.
The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination. New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for trade and proselytizing. In 1609, the region was visited by Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company; the Dutch built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany developed. The Dutch soon settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of New Netherland, a center of trade and immigration. England seized the colony from the Dutch in 1664. During the American Revolutionary War, a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony and succeeded in establishing independence. In the 19th century, New York's development of access to the interior beginning with the Erie Canal, gave it incomparable advantages over other regions of the U.
S. built its political and cultural ascendancy. Many landmarks in New York are well known, including four of the world's ten most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls, Grand Central Terminal. New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability. New York's higher education network comprises 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, the United States Military Academy, the United States Merchant Marine Academy, University of Rochester, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the nation and world; the tribes in what is now New York were predominantly Algonquian. Long Island was divided in half between the Wampanoag and Lenape; the Lenape controlled most of the region surrounding New York Harbor.
North of the Lenape was the Mohicans. Starting north of them, from east to west, were three Iroquoian nations: the Mohawk, the original Iroquois and the Petun. South of them, divided along Appalachia, were the Susquehannock and the Erie. Many of the Wampanoag and Mohican peoples were caught up in King Philip's War, a joint effort of many New England tribes to push Europeans off their land. After the death of their leader, Chief Philip Metacomet, most of those peoples fled inland, splitting into the Abenaki and the Schaghticoke. Many of the Mohicans remained in the region until the 1800s, however, a small group known as the Ouabano migrated southwest into West Virginia at an earlier time, they may have merged with the Shawnee. The Mohawk and Susquehannock were the most militaristic. Trying to corner trade with the Europeans, they targeted other tribes; the Mohawk were known for refusing white settlement on their land and banishing any of their people who converted to Christianity. They posed a major threat to the Abenaki and Mohicans, while the Susquehannock conquered the Lenape in the 1600s.
The most devastating event of the century, was the Beaver Wars. From 1640–1680, Iroquoian peoples waged campaigns which extended from modern-day Michigan to Virginia against Algonquian and Siouan tribes, as well as each other; the ai
Zoo York (company)
Zoo York is an American company that designed and marketed skateboards, apparel and accessories. The company was founded in 1993 by skateboarders Rodney Smith, Eli Morgan Gessner, Adam Schatz; the Zoo York brand is now sold for the rights to use its name by the brand company Iconix Brand Group. Official website
Tompkins Square Park
Tompkins Square Park is a 10.5-acre public park in the Alphabet City portion of East Village, New York City. The square-shaped park, bounded on the north by East 10th Street, on the east by Avenue B, on the south by East 7th Street, on the west by Avenue A, is abutted by St. Marks Place to the west. Tompkins Square Park is located on land near the East River, that consisted of salt marsh and open tidal meadows, "Stuyvesant meadows", the largest such ecosystem on Mannahattan island, but has since been filled in; the unimproved site taxed by the city as most agricultural properties were, seemed scarcely worth the expense of improving to its owners, the Stuyvesants, who inherited it from the 17th-century grant awarded to Peter Stuyvesant, their Pell and Fish relatives. The City aldermen, to raise the tax base of the city, accepted a gift of land in 1829 from Peter Gerard Stuyvesant with the understanding that it would remain a public space, compensated other owners with $62,000 in city funds to set aside a residential square.
Surrounded by a cast-iron fence the following year and planted with trees, the square was expected to have a prosperous and genteel future, undercut, however, by the Panic of 1837 that brought the city's expansion to a halt. Tompkins Square Park is named for Daniel D. Tompkins, Vice President of the United States under President James Monroe and the Governor of New York from 1807 until 1817, he had overseen some early drainage in the locality in connection with minor fortifications in the War of 1812. The park was opened in 1850. In 1857, immigrants protesting unemployment and food shortages were attacked by police. In 1863 the deadly Draft Riots occurred in the park. On January 13, 1874, the Tompkins Square Riot occurred in the park when police crushed a demonstration involving thousands of workers; the riot marked an unprecedented era of labor violence. The riot occurred in the midst of the Panic of 1873, a depression that began in 1873 and lasted for several years. Workers movements throughout the United States had been making demands of the government to help ease the strain of the depression.
Organizations rejected offers of charity and instead had asked for public works programs that would provide jobs for the masses of unemployed. In 1877 5,000 people fought with the National Guard when they amassed to hear Communist revolutionary speeches. On April 7, 1897, a rabbi was arrested for not obtaining a permit for the performance of Birkat Hachama, a Jewish ritual done once every 28 years. In the middle 19th century the "Square" included a large parade ground for drilling the New York National Guard; the modern layout of the park by Robert Moses in 1936 is said to be intended to divide and manage crowds that have gathered there in protest since the 1870s. That tradition was rekindled as the park became the nursery of demonstrations against the Vietnam War in the 1960s. By the 1980s Tompkins Square Park had become for many New Yorkers synonymous with the city's increased social problems; the park at that time was a high-crime area that contained encampments of homeless people, it was a center for illegal drug dealing and heroin use.
In August 1988, a riot erupted in the park when police attempted to clear the park of homeless people. Bystanders as well as homeless people and political activists got caught up in the police action that took place on the night of August 6 and the early morning of August 7, after a large number of police surrounded the park and charged at the hemmed-in crowd while other police ordered all pedestrians not to walk on streets neighboring the park. Much of the violence was videotaped and clips were shown on local TV news reports, but although at least one case went to trial, no police officers were found culpable. A punk rock festival has been held in the park in the years in commemoration of the event; the park had become a symbol of the problems in the city, including homelessness—which had prompted the 1988 riot. Against that backdrop, Daniel Rakowitz shocked the neighborhood in 1989 when he murdered Monika Beerle, dismembered her, made a soup out of her body and served it to the homeless in the park.
Rakowitz, called the Butcher of Tompkins Square, was found not guilty by reason of insanity and remains incarcerated at the Kirby Forensic Psychiatric Center on Wards Island. From June 3, 1991 to July 25, 1992, the park was closed to the public for restoration, but to keep out the homeless and in attempt to calm tensions. Increasing gentrification in the East Village during the 1990s and 2000s, enforcement of a park curfew and the eviction of homeless people have changed the character of Tompkins Square Park; as noted above, the park was closed and refurbished in 1991 and reopened in 1992. Today, with its playgrounds and basketball courts, dog run, ping pong table, handball courts, built-in outdoor chess tables, the park attracts young families and seniors and tourists from all over the globe; the outdoor drag festival Wigstock, held in the park, is now part of the Howl Festival. The Charlie Parker Jazz Festival is a musical tribute to the famous former resident of Avenue B. In 2007, the New Village Music Festival was formed.
This is a community music festival dedicated to celebrating New York's diverse music scene. In addition, the event highlights the importance of music and cultural arts programs throughout the city. There is an annual event in early August commemorating the 1988 Police Riot that features neighborhood ban
Thrasher is a skateboarding magazine founded in January 1981 by Eric Swenson, Fausto Vitello, published by High Speed Productions, Inc. of San Francisco, US. The publication consists of skateboard and music-related articles, photography and skatepark reviews; the magazine maintains a website, which includes segments with names such as "Firing Line" and "Hall of Meat", an online store, a video collection, a radio show, a forum for registered users. The company owns and operates the Double Rock indoor skateboarding facility. Thrasher was founded in 1981 by Fausto Vitello and Eric Swenson as a way to promote Independent Truck Company, their skateboard truck company; the magazine's first editor was Keven Thatcher. In 1993, Jake Phelps was named editor of the magazine. In 1999, the magazine sponsored a PlayStation game called Destroy. Vitello died of a heart attack in 2006. Swenson committed suicide in 2011. Vitello's son, took over as owner of the magazine; the magazine's website features updated episodes of segments and hosts a forum in which registered users can engage in online discussion.
"Burnout" "Double Rock" "Firing Line" "Hall of Meat" "Skateline" "Bru-Ray" The title of "Skater of the Year" is awarded annually by Thrasher magazine. The tradition was started in 1990, the accolade remains one of the most respected awards in global skateboarding culture; the title is announced by Thrasher's editor. Chris Cole and Danny Way are the only double recipients. 1990: Tony Hawk 1991: Danny Way 1992: John Cardiel 1993: Salman Agah 1994: Mike Carroll 1995: Chris Senn 1996: Eric Koston 1997: Bob Burnquist 1998: Andrew Reynolds 1999: Brian Anderson 2000: Geoff Rowley 2001: Arto Saari 2002: Tony Trujillo 2003: Mark Appleyard 2004: Danny Way 2005: Chris Cole 2006: Daewon Song 2007: Marc Johnson 2008: Silas Baxter-Neal 2009: Chris Cole 2010: Leo Romero 2011: Grant Taylor 2012: David Gonzalez 2013: Ishod Wair 2014: Wes Kremer 2015: Anthony van Engelen 2016: Kyle Walker 2017: Jamie Foy 2018: Tyshawn Jones Bake And Destroy Prevent This Tragedy Brutality Beer Slave Shotgun Keg Killer Beer Helmet Beers, Bowls & Barneys Rocket Science S.
O. T. Y. Video Playing In Traffic Jaded Go for Broke Timebomb Firing Squad Scorchin' Summer Hall of Meat Hillbilly Roadkill Vidiot How to Skateboard Better How To Skateboard Skate and Destroy Raw Hitting the Streets Donut Duty 911 Emergency Feats On The Road Sponsor Me Need For Speed The Truth Hurts Savannah Slamma II Savannah Slamma Thrasher has released an annual, King of the Road, video since 2003. In 2003, Thrasher started the King of the Road skateboarding competition. In the KOTR contest, a group of pre-invited teams of professional skaters are each given a booklet containing a series of challenges. Points are awarded at the completion of each challenge; the teams compete at the same time over a two-week period, in which they travel across the U. S. to complete as many challenges as possible. KOTR has been held annually since its inception, with the exceptions of 2008 and 2009. In 2011, Thrasher and Converse hosted the competition in China, with the participation of the four biggest Chinese skateboard deck companies.
Thrasher released a music compilation series titled "Skate Rock" under the High Speed Productions label. The first release was in 1983, with Volume One, continued until Volume Seven in 1989; the series started out featuring Californian punk rock bands, including bands fronted by skateboarders, such as Steve Caballero, Tony Alva, Klaus Grabke under the name Eight Dayz. Of the seven volumes of Skate Rock, all volumes were produced as a cassette available through Thrasher Magazine; some volumes were available as vinyl records. Label: High Speed Productions Released: 1983 Format: Cassette Los Olvidados - "Listen To You" The Big Boys - "Red/Green" Riot.303 - "Murder The Prime Minister" Minus One - "Bored Of It" The Faction - "A. U. K." Skoundrelz - "Exterminator" Drunk Injuns - "Program" J. F. A. - "Great Equalizer" Riot.303 - "Skate Punx" Minus One - "I Remember John" Los Olvidados - "Don't Cry" Minus One - "The Kids Don't Skate Here" Skoundrelz - "Jimmy Closet" Riot.303 - "Depression Session" Drunk Injuns - "Your Mama" Black Athletes - "Die Laughing" The Faction - "Boredom Awaits" Los Olvidados - "You're Dull" Minus One - "Nick of Time" Riot.303 - "Nightmares of Another Kind" Drunk Injuns - "Pumpshank" Label: High Speed Productions Released: 1984 Format: Cassette/LP McRad - Prevent This Tragedy T.
S. O. L. - Other Side Big Boys - Lesson Anvil Chorus - Blue Flames The Faction - Friends And Enemies Kingpins - Ready To Flip Los Olvidados - Something New Borscht - Bye-Bye Free Beer - Pigs In Space J. F. A. - Beach Blanket Bongout J. F. A. - Johnny D T. S. O. L. - In Time Free Beer - Start the Ark Tales of Terror - Gods from Outer Space Ancestors: Gods Of Sound - Treasures of Mankind Big Boys - Assault McRad - Tomorrow's Headlines Borscht - Enemy Drunk Injuns - She Gots a Gun Label: High Speed Productions Released: 1985 Format: Cassette/LP Slam - Wild Riders of Boards Boneless Ones - The Keg Kept A Flowin Christ On Parade - Don't Draft Me Septic Death - Thaw Slam - Jorden Den Ar Var No Rules - The Fall Christ On Parade - My Life Beyond Possession - Skater's Life Septic Death - Burial Corrosion Of Conformity - What? Accused - Take No Prisoners Beyond Possession - My Disease Corrosion Of Conformity - Not For Me Corrosion Of C
Washington Square Park
Washington Square Park is a 9.75-acre public park in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan, New York City. One of the best known of New York City's 1,900 public parks, it is a landmark as well as a meeting place and center for cultural activity, it is operated by the New York City Department of Recreation. The park is an open space, dominated by the Washington Square Arch at the northern gateway to the park, with a tradition of celebrating nonconformity; the park's fountain area has long been one of the city's popular spots for tourists. Most of the buildings surrounding the park now belong to New York University, but many have at one time served as homes and studios for artists; some of the buildings have been built by NYU while others have been converted from their former uses into academic and residential buildings. Located at the foot of Fifth Avenue, the park is bordered by Washington Square North, Washington Square East, Washington Square South, Washington Square West. While the park contains many flower beds and trees, little of the park is used for plantings due to the paving.
The two prominent features are a large fountain. It includes children's play areas and gardens, paths to stroll on, a chess and scrabble playing area, park benches, picnic tables, commemorative statuary and two dog runs; those commemorated by statues and monuments include George Washington. The New York City Police Department operates security cameras in the park; the New York University Department of Public Safety keeps a watch on the park, the city parks department has security officers who sometimes patrol the park. The area has a low crime rate in the "safest big city in the United States." The land was once divided by a narrow marshy valley. In the early 17th century, a Native American village known as Sapokanican or "Tobacco Field" was nearby. By the mid-17th century, the land on each side of the Minetta was used as farm land by the Dutch; the Dutch gave the land outside the city limits to Angolan residents of the colony, intending for their plots and settlement to serve as a buffer zone to hostile Native Americans outside the settlement.
In 1643, a group of “half-freed” slaves and elders such as Domingo Anthony, Manuel Trumpeter and Catalina Anthony, received land grants to build and maintain farms in the areas containing and surrounding Washington Square Park. The families who received the land were no longer slaves, but had to give a portion of the profits they received from the land to the Dutch West India Company and pay annual land fees, their children would be born as slaves, rather than free. The area became the core of an early African American community in New York called the Land of the Blacks and "Little Africa". Among those who owned parcels in what is now Washington Square Park was Paulo D'Angola, it remained farmland until April 1797, when the Common Council of New York purchased the fields to the east of the Minetta for a new potter's field, or public burial ground. It was used for burying unknown or indigent people when they died, but when New York went through yellow fever epidemics in the early 19th century, most of those who died from yellow fever were buried here, safely away from town, as a hygienic measure.
A legend in many tourist guides says that the large elm at the northwest corner of the park, Hangman's Elm, was the old hanging tree. However, research indicates the tree was on the side of the former Minetta Creek, the back garden of a private house. Records of only one public hanging at the potter's field exist. Two eyewitnesses to the recorded hanging differed on the location of the gallows. One said. Others placed the gallows closer to. However, the cemetery was closed in 1825. To this day, the remains of more than 20,000 bodies rest under Washington Square. Excavations have found tombstones under the park dating as far back as 1799. In 1826, the city bought the land west of Minetta Creek, the square was laid out and leveled, it was turned into the Washington Military Parade Ground. Military parade grounds were public spaces specified by the city where volunteer militia companies responsible for the nation's defense would train; the streets surrounding the square became one of the city's most desirable residential areas in the 1830s.
The protected row of Greek Revival style houses on the north side of the park remains from that time. In 1849 and 1850, the parade ground was reworked into the first park on the site. More paths were added and a new fence was built around it. In 1871, it came under the control of the newly formed New York City Department of Parks, it was redesigned again, with curving rather than straight secondary paths. In 1889, to celebrate the centennial of George Washington's inauguration as president of the United States, a large plaster and wood Memorial Arch was erected over Fifth Avenue just north of the park; the temporary plaster and wood arch was so popular that in 1892, a permanent Tuckahoe marble arch, designed by the New York architect Stanford White, was erected, standing 77 feet and modeled after the Arc de T
New Jersey Drive
New Jersey Drive is a 1995 crime drama film about joy riding black teenagers in 1990s Newark, New Jersey known as the "car theft capital of the world". The film was directed by Nick Gomez; the executive producer was Spike Lee. Roger Ebert gave the film three stars. Sharron Corley as Jason Petty Gabriel Casseus as Midget Saul Stein as Emil Roscoe Donald Faison as Tiny Dime Heavy D as Bo-Kane Roscoe Orman as Judge Michael Pincus as Emil Roscoe's Cousin - Curly Christine Baranski as Prosecutor Paul Schulze as Booking Sergeant Arthur Nascarella as Mr. Chop Shop Gwen McGee as Renee Petty Newark officials would not give permission to film in the city, so locations in Queens, New York were chosen. New Jersey Drive on IMDb New Jersey Drive. Boxofficemojo.com New Jersey Drive at Rotten Tomatoes