Paddington Green, London
Paddington Green is a green space, conservation area and geographic location in Westminster located off Edgware Road and adjacent to Westway. It is the oldest part of Paddington and became a conservation area in 1988. At one time, the Green was surrounded by large Georgian houses, an omnibus service to the City of London was introduced in 1829 by George Shillibeer. St Mary on Paddington Green Church is part of the Parish of Little Venice and is the church on this site. The church was built in 1791 by John Plaw and its graveyard – known as St Marys Gardens – contains monuments to notable local residents, including actress Sarah Siddons, sculptor Joseph Nollekens and lexicographer Peter Mark Roget. The southern part of the graveyard was removed to make way for the flyover, exhumed graves were re-interred in Mill Hill Cemetery. The former Paddington Green Children’s Hospital stands on the north-east corner of the Green on Church Street and it is a Grade II Listed building. The Schmidt hammer lassen-designed City of Westminster College is located at 25 Paddington Green, Pretty Polly Perkins of Paddington Green, the music hall number by Harry Clifton, is described as living, in a gentlemans family near Paddington Green.
The TV series Paddington Green aired in the late 1990s and explored the lives of residents of the local area, lyrics to Pretty Polly Perkins of Paddington Green British History Online description Westminster Council description and map
The A34 is a major road in England. It runs from the A33 and M3 at Winchester in Hampshire, to the A6 and it forms a large part of the major trunk route from Southampton, via Oxford, to Birmingham, The Potteries and Manchester. For most of its length, it part of the former Winchester-Preston Trunk Road. Improvements to the section of road forming the Newbury Bypass around Newbury were the scene of significant direct action protests in the 1990s. The road is in two sections and it continues south via Stone, Stafford and Walsall, passes through the middle of Birmingham, before meeting the M42 motorway at junction 4 south of Solihull. The road in effect combines with the network and resumes. The southern section begins 45 miles SSE, at the Bicester /ˈbɪstə/ junction and it continues south as the straightest part of the Oxford Ring Road, crossing the River Thames on the A34 Road Bridge. It bypasses Abingdon and Newbury before finishing at the southern Winchester turning of the M3 motorway and this part of the A34 forms the E05 European route.
It is a dual carriageway throughout, together with parts of the M3 and the M40, the A34 forms an important route carrying freight from Southampton to the Midlands. Because of the volume of traffic, bypasses were built along this route – at Newbury on the A34, notably instead of cutting a short road tunnel through Twyford Down, the escarpment was carved out for the road traffic of the motorway and fledgling A34. In 2004 works were carried out, at a cost of £38 million, continuing the road without being interrupted by a roundabout at junction 13 of the M4 motorway, plans are in discussion regarding possible re-opening of this closed access point. Route of A34 overlaid on OpenStreetMap The original route of the A34 was Winchester to Oxford and it was extended to Manchester on 1 April 1935, replacing part of the A42, A455, part of the A449 and A526. By 1953 the route was as follows, When the Oxford Ring Road was completed to the west of Oxford in 1962, in 1991, shortly after the completion of the M40 motorway, the road between Oxford and Solihull was renumbered.
Between Chipping Norton and Solihull the road lost its primary status and was renumbered A3400. The A34 was diverted north from the Oxford Ring Road to the M40 along parts of the routes of the A43. Much of the traffic carried by what is now the A3400 now uses the M40 to Birmingham. When the Newbury Bypass was opened in 1998, the old route through Newbury became part of the A339, the long planned and often postponed Alderley Edge bypass was completed in November 2010, ahead of schedule and within the £52 million budget. The official opening ceremony was conducted by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Highways Agency Management Strategy for Bicester to Winchester
The River Brent is a river in west and northwest London, and a tributary of the River Thames. 17.9 miles in length, it rises in the Borough of Barnet, at this time the river system headwaters lay in the English West Midlands and may, at times, have received drainage from the North Wales Berwyn Mountains. Progressively in this Ice Age, the channel was pushed south to form a lake, now the St Albans depression. Here it entered a substantial freshwater lake in the southern North Sea basin, a torrent produced by the rupture of this lake was a major cause of the formation of the Dover Straits or Pas-de-Calais gap between Britain and France. Subsequent development led to the continuation of the course which the river follows at the present day, the last advance from that Scandinavian ice flow to have reached this far south covered much of north west Greater London and finally forced the proto-Thames to take roughly its present course. At the height of the last ice age, around 10,000 BCE and this forced flow southwards from the eastern Essex coast where it met the Rhine, the Meuse and the Scheldt flowing from what are now the Netherlands and Belgium.
These rivers formed a single river—the Channel River that passed through the Dover Strait, the ice sheet which stopped near Finchley deposited Boulder clay to form Dollis Hill and Hanger Hill. Its torrent of meltwater gushed through the Finchley Gap and south towards the new course of the Thames, upon the valley sides there can be seen other terraces of Brickearth, laid over and sometimes interlayered with the clays. These deposits were brought in by the winds during the periods, suggesting that wide flat marshes were part of the landscape. The original land surface was some 350 to 350 to 400 ft above the current sea level, the surface had sandy deposits from an ancient sea, laid over sedimentary clay. All the erosion down from this higher land surface and sorting action by these changes of flow and direction. Thus, along much of the Brents present day one can make out the water meadows of rich alluvium. Likewise, evidence of occupation, even since the arrival of the Romans, the most prominent pre-Roman settlement on the River Brent was apparently at Brentford.
This Bronze Age site pre-dates the Roman occupation of Britain, many pre-Roman artifacts have been excavated in and around the area in Brentford known as Old England. The quality and quantity of the artefacts suggests that Brentford was a point for pre-Romanic tribes. However, can the river Brent be considered a border in the sense that the quality it possessed of dividing the land was notable enough to be such a descriptive title. The Brent river valley in AD705 would have looked different to today. Before modern day dredging, the river was wider and shallower, before the construction of its weirs, the Brent reservoir and Grand Union Canal the river would have flooded more frequently than it does today
The A30 is a major road in England, running south-west from London to Lands End. The road has one of the most important in Britain since the 17th century. It used to provide the most direct route from London to the South West, nowadays much of this function is performed by the M3 motorway, the section from Honiton to Lands End is a dual carriageway for most of its length and retains trunk road status. The A30 begins at Henlys Roundabout, a junction with the A4 near Hounslow and it runs along the south side of Heathrow Airport, past Ashford and Staines-upon-Thames, before reaching the M25 motorway. This first section is entirely dual carriageway, after crossing the M25, the A30 runs parallel to the M3 all the way to Basingstoke, bypassing Egham and passing through Bagshot, Hartley Wintney and Hook. Just west of Basingstoke, at junction 8 of the M3, the A30 runs parallel to this road all the way to just north-east of Honiton, passing through Stockbridge, Shaftesbury, Yeovil and Chard. Between the M25 and Honiton, the A30 is mostly single carriageway, there are short stretches of dual carriageway from Camberley to Basingstoke, which has a dualled inner ring road, two between Stockbridge and Salisbury, and between Sherborne and Yeovil.
This section is a road as far as Penzance. It is mostly dual carriageway, but there are short sections of single carriageway. To pass Exeter, through traffic can join the M5 motorway for three miles, West of Exeter, the A30 is dual carriageway through Devon and into Cornwall, bypassing Whiddon Down and Launceston. The dual carriageway continues through Cornwall to Bodmin Moor, where there is a stretch of single carriageway. The dual carriageway resumes until Carland Cross, after there is a single carriageway stretch to Chiverton Cross. Highways England are currently progressing plans to dual this section of carriageway, from Chiverton Cross, the dual carriageway bypasses Redruth and Camborne. The A30 returns to single carriageway west of Camborne, and a bypass takes the road around Hayle. Between Hayle and Penzance, the A30 returns to the original route, approaching Penzance, the A30 briefly becomes a dual carriageway once again. Once west of Penzance, the A30 becomes a rural road running through or past several villages.
A large section of the A30 follows the course of the historic London – Lands End coaching road, the road appeared on John Ogilbys map of Britain in 1675, and was covered by Ogilbys strip-maps showing The Road from London to The Lands End in Cornwall. Beyond Exeter, the route went via Plymouth and followed the Cornish south coast via St Austell down to Penzance, some distance away from the modern A30
A4 road (England)
The A4 is a major road in England from Central London to Avonmouth via Heathrow Airport, Reading and Bristol. It is historically known as the Bath Road with newer sections including the Great West Road, the road was once the main route from London to Bath and the west of England and formed, after the A40, the second main western artery from London. The A4 has gone through many transformations through the ages from pre-Roman routes, Roman roads, during the Middle Ages, most byways and tracks served to connect villages with their nearest market town. A survey of Savernake Forest near Hungerford in 1228 mentions The King’s Street running between the town and Marlborough and this street corresponded roughly with the route of the modern A4. In 1632, Thomas Witherings was appointed Postmaster of Foreign Mails by Charles I, Three years later, the king charged him with building six Great Roads to aid in the delivery of the post, of which the Great West Road was one. It was not until the 17th century that a route between London and Bristol started to resemble todays road.
During the 17th century, the A4 was known as the Great Road to Bristol, when Queen Anne started patronising the spa city of Bath, the road became more commonly known as Bath Road. Over the years, the direction of the road has taken many detours depending on such factors as changes in tolls or turnpike patronage, the first turnpike on this road was between Reading and Theale in 1714. Due to increasing traffic, sections of the road between Kensington, over Hounslow Hill, to Twyford were turnpike by 1717 with the remaining sections placed under turnpike trusts. This was not always the case with the Bath Road, as many of the landowners along the route co-operated informally. As a result, control of the Bath Road was easy to maintain, tollhouses were established at Colnbrook, Twyford, Castle Street Reading and Benham. During the 1820s, the employment of good surveyors improved the condition of the road, the tolls raised from such clientele ensured that when the turnpike trusts handed over the route to local highway boards, they had no financial liabilities.
Justices of the Peace were empowered by the 1862 Rural Highways Act to combine turnpike trusts into Highways Districts and this meant that by the late 1860s trusts were either not renewing their powers or were being terminated by General Acts of Parliament. For example, most turnpikes in Berkshire, including the Bath Road, were officially wound up by 1878 when legislation transferred responsibility for dis-enturnpiked roads to the new county councils. With the improvement being made to the systems, the business of moving mail became easier. In Bristol, an office had been well established by the 1670s. The journey time to London at this period was about 16, a letter from Bath in 1684 took about 3 days going via a postal office in Marshfield on the Bristol Road. Journey times during the Turnpike era fell with the improvements from 2 days in 1752 to 38 hours in 1782 and 18 hours by 1836, Royal Mail coaches in 1836 were able to do the trip in 12 to 13 hours
The M32 is a motorway in South Gloucestershire and Bristol, which at roughly 4.4 miles is one of Britains shortest. It provides a link from the M4, a motorway linking London and South Wales, to Bristol city centre and is maintained by Highways England. The motorway was planned concurrently with the M4 in the 1960s, the southernmost section was delayed by engineering challenges and industrial action, and did not open until 1975. Since the mid-2000s, there have been plans to use the M32 as part of a park, though the M32 has a small traffic flow, it is one of the most congested motorways in the region as it connects a number of key areas. As well as providing one of the few high-quality routes into the centre of Bristol, parts of the M32 are reaching the end of their intended lifespan, leading to reduced speed limits and occasional closures for remedial work. Local residents have criticised the M32, complaining that it has severed communities and has a noise level. The M32 is 4.4 miles long and its northern end is at junction 19 of the M4, near Winterbourne Down.
Originally a grade separated junction, it was modified in 1992 to remove conflicting traffic movements in order to increase capacity. The motorway runs south between Filton in the west and Frenchay in the east, after meeting the A4174 ring road at junction 1, it crosses the boundary from South Gloucestershire to Bristol, passing to the east of Horfield and Easton. Junction 2, next to Eastville Park, meets the B4469 providing access to Horfield, midway through, a 60 mph speed limit begins. The motorway continues further south and ends just beyond junction 3, a dual carriageway continues as the A4032 into the centre of Bristol, with a 30 mph speed limit. The M32 is a road, therefore its maintenance and upkeep is paid for by Highways England. The M32 was planned to be a key radial link through to the hub of a network of radial, other bounds of this scheme were parts of the M4, the M5 and the tidal reaches of the River Avon, the south eastern side not being defined by landmarks. The motorway was partly funded by Gloucestershire County Council and Bristol City Council and it was provisionally called the Hambrook Spur or the Bristol Parkway during construction and was built in three distinct stages between 1966 and 1975.
The first section, from the M4 to junction 1, opened concurrently with that motorway in September 1966, the second section, through to junction 2, was a co-operative design between the Gloucestershire County Surveyor and the design consultants Freeman Fox & Partners. Construction was awarded to Sir Robert McAlpine, who work in June 1968. The northern section was designed as a motorway as far as Eastville. This section was opened by the Secretary of State for Transport, the total cost was £3 million
M3 motorway (Great Britain)
The M3 is a motorway that runs from Sunbury-on-Thames, Surrey, to Southampton, Hampshire, a distance of approximately 59 miles. From Junction 9 near Winchester, to Junction 14 on the fringe of Southampton. It was constructed as a dual three-lane motorway for most of its length, the motorway was opened in phases, beginning with the first section in 1971. Since then, the motorway has become a major artery to the South Coast, the M3 faces regular delays and congestion on its busiest sections during rush hours and seasonal periods. The Junctions 2 to 4A section is currently being upgraded to a Smart Motorway, the eastern section, from Sunbury-on-Thames in Surrey to Popham near Basingstoke opened in sections, first the Hampshire section in 1971, and the Surrey section in 1974. The cost for this first phase was £46m, the completed road acts as a continuation of the A316 Country Way, an express three-lane road from Apex Corner, Hanworth, in Greater London to Sunbury-on-Thames. A second public inquiry was held in 1976–77, the scope of the M3 extension was reduced to defer the difficult decision about the section around Winchester and it was built in two sections in 1995.
When this opened, the junction to the A33 parallel route was removed. The section of the M3 from near Junction 12 to the last, Junction 14 for the M27 replaced part of the A33 road which was upgraded to motorway standard and opened in 1991. In 2008 the busiest section of the motorway, at Chandlers Ford and its service station was envisaged at Basingstoke upon the motorways completion but not built – superseded by one just north of Fleet and another north of Winchester. An additional junction, numbered 4A, opened in April 1992 for Fleet and its third junction is for Camberley, Bracknell and Worplesdon. The Spitfire Bridge carries the B3404 Alresford Road to Winchester over the M3 motorway and this is known as the Spitfire Link. It replaced a concrete arch bridge under which a Curtiss P-40 had been flown by George Rogers in October 1941. It was generally assumed locally that the aircraft had been a Spitfire hence the name, a private exit of the northern roundabout connected to Junction 4a provides access to the UK headquarters of Sun Microsystems.
The section of the M3 between J2 and J4a is currently being made into a Managed Motorway, due to be completed in December 2016, the coroner recorded a verdict of accidental death. On 1 April 2000, a crossing was illegally painted across the northbound carriageway of the M3 between Junctions 4 and 4a. Data from driver location signs are used to distance and carriageway identification information. List of motorways in the United Kingdom Notes References Chriss British Road DirectoryMotorway Database – M3 Bad Junctions – M3/A31 The Motorway Archive – M3
The A419 road is a primary route between Chiseldon near Swindon at junction 15 of the M4 with the A346 road, and Whitminster in Gloucestershire, England near the M5 motorway. The A419 is managed and maintained by a company, Road Management Group. East of Cirencester the A417 continues straight ahead as the major road, west of Cirencester the road loses its primary status, it crosses the M5 at junction 13 close to a Little Chef restaurant, finishes 0.4 miles further west at a roundabout with the A38. The A419 Road Bridge is a bridge carrying the Cricklade by-pass section of the A419 across the River Thames in the county of Wiltshire. The bridge is just east of the town and is a concrete construction carrying a dual carriageway, when it was first designated in 1922, the A419 ran from Hungerford, Berkshire, to Gloucester. Following the opening of the M4 motorway, the section from Hungerford to Commonhead was downclassified to the B4192, the old lay-bys remain, showing that this was once a major route south.
The road was extended south from Commonhead for 0.8 miles to the M4 on the route of the old A345, when the M5 motorway was opened, the road was rerouted west of Stroud. The old route became the B4008, the 3-mile £4m Stratton St. Margaret Bypass opened in October 1977, the 2-mile £2. 4m Blunsdon-Cricklade Improvement opened in June 1988 and the 4-mile Latton Bypass opened on 24 December 1997. The major bottleneck in Swindon at Blunsdon traffic lights and the nearby Turnpike roundabout, where local traffic mixes with traffic for the M4. Construction of a bypass at Blunsdon commenced on 13 September 2006, a flyover at Commonhead, the main junction for southeast Swindon and another notorious source of congestion, was opened to traffic on 6 February 2007. Parts of the newly dualled sections of road are surfaced in concrete, the high tyre noise generated by this surface is unpopular with nearby residents. The Golden Valley Line – a railway serving a similar route Highways Agency pages
The A3, known as the Portsmouth Road or London Road in sections, is a major road connecting London and Portsmouth passing close to Kingston upon Thames, Guildford and Petersfield. For much of its 67-mile length, it is classified as a trunk road, almost all of the road has been built to dual carriageway standards or wider. Apart from bypass sections in London the road travels in a southwest direction and, after Liss, the other section of such restriction is through Battersea and Stockwell towards the northern end reflecting its urban setting and accommodating bus lanes and parking meter bays. The construction of the Kingston and Guildford bypasses in the 1920s and 1930s made use of narrow gauge railways to move the construction materials. The Esher bypass, between Hook from the first mentioned bypass to the M25, is three lanes with a hard shoulder, from here to Guildford the road has three lanes. Lord Montagu of Beaulieu stressed the urgency of building a Kingston By-pass in 1911 however before the onset of World War I public funds were not secured and were not available in the aftermath.
It was opened by the Prime Minister, the Rt Hon Stanley Baldwin MP and it ran for 8.5 miles from the Robin Hood Gate of Richmond Park to the near outskirts of Esher. The opening ceremony concluded with refreshments for 800 guests in marquees near to the northern start/end and its construction immediately attracted developments of housing where access was easiest. The road was once the haunt of highwaymen such as Jerry Abershawe who terrorised the area around Kingston, another particularly dangerous location was in the vicinity of the wooded crest skirting the Devils Punch Bowl, about 8 miles south-west of Guildford. In 2011 the Hindhead Tunnel became the centre of the Hindhead Bypass around the road of the small town. Until 2011 the road through Hindhead was the last single carriageway section of the route, outside London and it continues along Newington Butts, and bounds enters the London Borough of Lambeth on Kennington Park Road which becomes Clapham Road and Clapham High Street. The A3 turns west as Clapham Common North Side, along this road it enters the London Borough of Wandsworth after which it runs concurrently with the A205 South Circular and goes through Wandsworth, the A205 carries on west towards Richmond.
The A3 continues south-west between Richmond Park and Wimbledon Common before beginning to bypass Kingston upon Thames while going through Roehampton Vale. The A3 enters The Royal Borough of Kingston Upon Thames just before Kingston Vale where there is a junction with the A308 for Kingston upon Thames, the speed limit increases to 50 mph before going under the Coombe Flyover. The A3 goes on a flyover by Shannon Corner in Raynes Park, before having junctions for New Malden, brief features of a section of road contribute to a traffic pinch-point during peak hours around the Hook underpass. The road reduces from three lanes to two in the underpass, the speed limit at this point reduces from 70 miles per hour to 50 miles per hour, with the first of a handful of GATSO speed enforcement cameras. If returning to London traffic from the A309 joins just before the underpass, after passing Claygate the motorway-standard section has junctions with the A244 between Esher and Oxshott, the A245 between Cobham and Hersham.
The roads Wisley Interchange with the M25 enables a flyover still with a 70 mph speed limit and it bypasses Wisley, Ripley before cutting through the major town itself as a dual carriageway and changing to a 50 mph speed limit
The M48 is a 12-mile long motorway in Great Britain, which connects Gloucestershire and Monmouthshire, via the original Severn Bridge. The M48 is anomalously numbered, as it is entirely to the west of the M5 motorway thus falling into zone 5 of the numbering system. It is one of three motorways in Wales. Travelling from east to west, after leaving the M4 at Awkley, Junction 21, near Olveston in England and it passes through a toll booth for westbound traffic only, and crosses the Severn and Wye rivers via their respective bridges. Entering Wales, the M48 heads south-west after Junction 2, passing to the south of Chepstow, past Crick and continuing in a westerly direction, passing Caldicot. The motorway rejoins the M4 at Undy, Junction 23 to the east of Magor, Junction 2 can be reached via the A466, which leads to the A48. The junction gives access to the Wye Valley, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, when travelling either east or west on the M4, the M48 is the most direct route for Chepstow and Caldicot.
The M48 was opened as part of the M4 in 1966, after opening, the route became increasingly busy, and in 1984 a report was commissioned into a Second Severn Crossing. After four years of construction this new route was opened in 1996, the original stretch of motorway was renumbered as M48 and now shares the traffic between England and Wales. Junction 1 is the location of Severn View services, which can be accessed by the A403, there is a footpath leading from the service station to allow pedestrians to cross the bridge. When the M4 was diverted over the Second Severn Crossing, it was anticipated that these services may close, data from driver location signs are used to provide distance and carriageway identifier information. Where a junction spans several hundred metres and start and end points are available, information above gathered from Advanced Direction Signs May 2011 List of motorways in the United Kingdom CBRD Motorway Database – M48 The Motorway Archive – M48
The A27 is a major road in England. It runs from its junction with the A36 at Whiteparish in the county of Wiltshire and it closely parallels the south coast in Hampshire, passes through West Sussex and terminates at Pevensey in East Sussex. It is one of the westernmost Zone 2 roads in the UK, between Portsmouth and Lewes, it is one of the busiest trunk roads in the UK. In 2002 an offpeak journey between Margate and Southampton via the M25 took 2 hours 30 minutes, and via the route using the A259. The reason why the route is so much slower than the M25 alternative is largely due to a series of bottlenecks on the A27. These include Chichester, Arundel and Polegate, the British government announced, in its 2013 spending review, that it would go ahead with improvements to the Chichester bypass. The Highways Agency said that the proposals would be subject to consultation in July 2015. The preferred route would be announced in September 2015 and the plan would be to start construction in February 2018 with a date of December 2019.
However the timescales were revised, there was a six-week public consultation period during Spring 2016. The proposed construction would commence in March 2019 with a completion date of March 2021. After five options were published and two dropped the government cancelled the project on 28 February 2017, citing lack of support from local authorities as the main reason. A proposed scheme to bypass Lancing and Sompting was dropped in 1988, a proposed scheme to bypass Arundel was dropped in 2003, although the junction at the end of the dual carriageway has been partly made into an underpass. Arundel and Worthing are both areas of traffic congestion during times of peak usage. A bridge over the crossing at Beddingham was completed on 22 August 2008. The original proposal called for a dual carriageway link with a bridge over the crossing. However, the project involved improving the original single carriageway road by providing two lanes westbound and one lane eastbound between the Southerham and Beddingham roundabouts.
Despite the limited improvements to the A27, it is substantially quicker to travel from Southampton to Margate via the M25 route compared to the coast route of A259. Because of all the delays along its route, according to West Sussex County Council, further, it is widely considered by businesses on the coast to cost money and inhibit economic performance due to its unreliability and frequent congestion
The M4 is a motorway which runs between London and South Wales in the United Kingdom. Major towns and cities along the route include Slough, Swindon, Newport, Cardiff, a new Severn bridge, known as the Second Severn Crossing, was opened in 1996 with the M4 rerouted to use it. The M4 runs close to the A4 from London to Bristol, after crossing the River Severn it follows the A48 through South Wales, using the Brynglas Tunnels at Junction 25a, Newport and terminates just north of Pontarddulais. It is one of three motorways in Wales, the other two, the A48 and M48, branch off it. The area of land along the M4, with its towns, european route E30 includes most of the M4, although it is not signed as such. The Maidenhead bypass opened in 1961 whilst J1-J5 opened in 1965, the stretch from J18 to the west of Newport was opened in 1966, including the Severn Bridge. The Port Talbot by-pass, built in the 1960s and now part of the M4, was originally the A48 motorway, the English section of the motorway was completed on 22 December 1971 when the 50-mile stretch between Junctions 9 and 15 was opened to traffic.
The Welsh section was completed in 1993, when the Briton Ferry motorway bridge opened, the Second Severn Crossing opened in 1996, together with new link motorways on either side of the estuary to divert the M4 over the new crossing. The existing route over the Severn Bridge was redesignated the M48, in June 1999 the section of the third lane between Junctions 2 and 3 was converted to a bus lane, first as a pilot scheme and permanently in 2001. A lower speed limit was introduced along the bus lane section at the same time, between 2007 and January 2010 the section from Castleton to Coryton was widened to six lanes. The scheme was opened on 25 January 2010 by Ieuan Wyn Jones the Deputy First Minister for Wales. During 2009 the Newport section of the motorway between Junctions 23a and 29 was upgraded with a new concrete central barrier. A similar claim was made for a 30-mile section of road in Scotland close to Aberdeen in September 2009 with refuelling points at Bridge of Don and Peterhead. Between 2008 and 2010, Junction 11, near Reading, was remodelled with a new four-lane motorway junction.
It involved the movement of the local Highways Agency and Fire Service offices, and the construction of a footbridge network, a new bus-lane. Sound barriers for nearby areas were installed. In April 2008, the decision to preserve a rare Vickers machine gun pillbox, the table below shows the timeline for the construction of the motorway on a section by section basis. Tolls are charged in one only, westbound