A bolete is a type of fungal fruiting body characterized by the presence of a pileus, differentiated from the stipe, with a spongy surface of pores on the underside of the pileus. "Bolete" is the English common name for fungal species having this kind of morphology. The boletes are classified in the Boletales. Recent discoveries in the micromorphology and molecular phylogeny of this group have established that it contains a large number of agarics and other fruit body morphologies. Similar pore surface is found in polypores, but these species lack the overall physical structure of boletes; the term refers to members of the genus Boletus, but as superficially similar fungi have been placed in other genera, many of them have retained the common name. These include: Birch bolete – Leccinum scabrum Bitter bolete – Tylopilus felleus Butter bolete – Butyriboletus appendiculatus Chestnut bolete – Gyroporus castaneus Manzanita bolete – Leccinum manzanitae Rhubarb bolete – Boletellus obscureococcineus Bolete eater "Evolution & Morphology in the Homobasidiomycetes" by Gary Lincoff & Michael Wood, MykoWeb.com
San Francisco State University
San Francisco State University is a public university in San Francisco. As part of the 23-campus California State University system, the university offers 118 different bachelor's degrees, 94 master's degrees, 5 doctoral degrees, along with 26 teaching credentials among six academic colleges; the university was founded in 1899 as a state-run normal school for training school teachers, obtaining state college status in 1921 and state university status in 1972. The 141 acre campus is located in the southwest part of the city, less than two miles from the Pacific coast. San Francisco State has 12 varsity athletic teams which compete at the NCAA Division II level, most as members of the California Collegiate Athletic Association. 1899 – Founded as San Francisco State Normal School. 1901 – First graduating class 1906 – The 1906 earthquake and fire forces the school to relocate from Nob Hill to a new campus at Buchanan and Haight Streets. 1921 – Renamed San Francisco State Teachers College 1923 – First Bachelor of Arts degree awarded 1935 – Renamed San Francisco State College 1953 – Current campus near Lake Merced opens.
1966 – Beginning of the era of campus protests led by student organizations including the Black Student Union, Third World Liberation Front, Students for a Democratic Society. The protests against college policies and off-campus issues such as the Vietnam War included sit-ins, marches, teach-ins, on several occasions led to violent conflicts with police; the protests were marked by counter-protests and widespread charges of corruption and election fraud in the student newspaper. 1968 – A lengthy student strike erupted that developed into an important event in the history of the U. S. in the late 1960s. The strike was led by the Black Student Union and the Third World Liberation Front, it demanded an Ethnic Studies program as well as an end to the Vietnam War; this became a major news event for weeks in the aftermath of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. At one point, college president S. I. Hayakawa famously pulled the wires out of the speakers on top of a van at a student rally. During the course of the strike, large numbers of police drawn from many jurisdictions occupied the campus and over 700 people were arrested on various protest-related charges.
1969 – On March 20, an agreement was reached, the strike comes to an end with the administration retaining control of hiring and admissions and the creation of the School of Ethnic Studies. 1972 – Received university status as California State University, San Francisco 1974 – Renamed San Francisco State University 1975 – Cesar Chavez Student Center opened its doors to students 1993 – Downtown campus opened 1994 – A mural depicting Malcolm X was painted on the student union building, commissioned by the Pan-African Student Union and African Student Alliance. The mural's border contained yellow Stars of David and dollar signs mingled with skulls and crossbones and near the words "African Blood." The next week, after demonstrations on both sides, the school administration had the mural painted over, subsequently sand blasted. Two years a new Malcolm X mural was painted, without the controversial symbols. 1999 – Celebrated 100th birthday 2007 – New Downtown Campus opened at 835 Market Street 2013 – The Science Building was found to have “unsafe levels” of airborne mercury and asbestos in the basement as a result of reports that pesticide-laden Native American artifacts were stored with a material now known to be hazardous.
As a result of the contamination, over $3.6 million was spent for remediation of the pervasive contamination. University Administration terminated several employees who reported the contamination, resulting in several wrongful termination and whistle-blower lawsuits, including one by the hired director. In addition to terminating employees, the CFO at the time, Ron Cortez, hired outside consultants in an attempt to write more favorable reports regarding the contamination and to discredit the employees who had made initial reports. In July 2014, Cal/OSHA cited the university for various health and safety violations in the Science Building, which included SFSU failing to locate asbestos in the building and warn employees about the hazards of mercury. SFSU ran into trouble with its Environmental Health and Safety program when the director prior, Robert Shearer, was accused of taking bribes from a waste disposal firm in exchange for at least $4 million in university funds. 2017 – In 2017 SFSU excluded Jewish student pro-Israel activist groups from campus activities.
In 2019 the University reversed that policy, granting Jewish student groups equal rights with other student groups. In Fall of 2013, the university had 1,620 faculty; the university's academic colleges are: Liberal and Creative Arts Business Education Ethnic Studies Health and Social Sciences Science and EngineeringIn addition, the university has a College of Extended Learning. SF State is on the semester system; the university awards bachelor's degrees in 115 areas of specialization, master's degrees in 97, a doctor of education in educational leadership. It jointly offers three doctoral programs: a doctorate in education in partnership with University of California, Berkeley with a concentration in special education, two doctorates in physical therapy with University of California, San Francisco; the most popular undergraduate majors are Business Administration, Kinesiology, English, Communication
Wikispecies is a wiki-based online project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation. Its aim is to create a comprehensive free content catalogue of all species. Jimmy Wales stated that editors are not required to fax in their degrees, but that submissions will have to pass muster with a technical audience. Wikispecies is available under the GNU Free Documentation License and CC BY-SA 3.0. Started in September 2004, with biologists across the world invited to contribute, the project had grown a framework encompassing the Linnaean taxonomy with links to Wikipedia articles on individual species by April 2005. Benedikt Mandl co-ordinated the efforts of several people who are interested in getting involved with the project and contacted potential supporters in early summer 2004. Databases were evaluated and the administrators contacted, some of them have agreed on providing their data for Wikispecies. Mandl defined two major tasks: Figure out how the contents of the data base would need to be presented—by asking experts, potential non-professional users and comparing that with existing databases Figure out how to do the software, which hardware is required and how to cover the costs—by asking experts, looking for fellow volunteers and potential sponsorsAdvantages and disadvantages were discussed by the wikimedia-I mailing list.
The board of directors of the Wikimedia Foundation voted by 4 to 0 in favor of the establishment of a Wikispecies. The project is hosted at species.wikimedia.org. It was merged to a sister project of Wikimedia Foundation on September 14, 2004. On October 10, 2006, the project exceeded 75,000 articles. On May 20, 2007, the project exceeded 100,000 articles with a total of 5,495 registered users. On September 8, 2008, the project exceeded 150,000 articles with a total of 9,224 registered users. On October 23, 2011, the project reached 300,000 articles. On June 16, 2014, the project reached 400,000 articles. On January 7, 2017, the project reached 500,000 articles. On October 30, 2018, the project reached 600,000 articles, a total of 1.12 million pages. Wikispecies comprises taxon pages, additionally pages about synonyms, taxon authorities, taxonomical publications, institutions or repositories holding type specimen. Wikispecies asks users to use images from Wikimedia Commons. Wikispecies does not allow the use of content.
All Species Foundation Catalogue of Life Encyclopedia of Life Tree of Life Web Project List of online encyclopedias The Plant List Wikispecies, The free species directory that anyone can edit Species Community Portal The Wikispecies Charter, written by Wales
International Plant Names Index
The International Plant Names Index describes itself as "a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of seed plants and lycophytes." Coverage of plant names is best at the rank of genus. It includes basic bibliographical details associated with the names, its goals include eliminating the need for repeated reference to primary sources for basic bibliographic information about plant names. The IPNI maintains a list of standardized author abbreviations; these were based on Brummitt & Powell, but new names and abbreviations are continually added. IPNI is the product of a collaboration between The Royal Botanic Gardens, The Harvard University Herbaria, the Australian National Herbarium; the IPNI database is a collection of the names registered by the three cooperating institutions and they work towards standardizing the information. The standard of author abbreviations recommended by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae and plants is Brummitt and Powell’s Authors of Plant Names.
A digital and continually updated list of authors and abbreviations can be consulted online at IPNI. The IPNI provides names that have appeared in scholarly publications, with the objective of providing an index of published names rather than prescribing the accepted botanical nomenclature. Plants of the World Online The Plant List Index Fungorum Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database Official website of the IPNI Plant Name search – IPNI search for plant names Author search – IPNI search for author names and standard abbreviations
Gymnopilus luteoviridis is a distributed mushroom of the Eastern United States that contains the hallucinogens psilocybin and psilocin. Pileus: 2.5– 4 cm in diameter, moderately thick, convex to subconic with an incurved margin when young, becoming nearly flat. Straw yellow to mustard yellow, conspicuously fibrillose, with pale fulvous scales along the margin and becoming olivaceous towards the center of the cap, flesh the same color as the surface. Staining greenish where injured. Gills: Adnate to adnexed with a short decurrent tooth, close to subdistant, cream buff to dark yellow, becoming rusty brown with age, edges the same color as the gill face. Spore print: Rusty brown. Stipe: 4– 6 cm x 0.3— 0.5 cm, tapering at the apex, stuffed to hollow, surface dry, vertically striate, yellowish buff, staining greenish when handled or in age, the partial veil sometimes forms a faint fibrillose annular zone near the apex. Taste: Bitter. Odor: Not distinctive. Microscopic features: Spores 5.5 — 7 x 4 — 5 µm ellipsoid in face view, wrinkled-rough, no germ pore.
Pleurocystidia present. Pileocystidia and caulocystidia none. Clamp connections are present. Bruising: The base and stipe will bruise blue or green. Gymnopilus luteoviridis is found growing gregarious to cespitose on oak stumps and hardwoods from August to November, it is distributed in eastern North America. List of Gymnopilus species Stamets, Paul. Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-9610798-0-0. Hesler, L. R.. North American species of Gymnopilus. New York: Hafner. 117 pp. Thiers, Harry D.. "The Agaric Flora of Texas. III. New taxa of brown- and black-spored agarics". Mycologia. 51: 529–540. Doi:10.2307/3756141
Cortinarius thiersii is a basidiomycete fungus of the genus Cortinarius native to North America. List of Cortinarius species Cortinarius thiersii in Index Fungorum
WorldCat is a union catalog that itemizes the collections of 72,000 libraries in 170 countries and territories that participate in the Online Computer Library Center global cooperative. It is operated by Inc.. The subscribing member libraries collectively maintain WorldCat's database, the world's largest bibliographic database. OCLC makes WorldCat itself available free to libraries, but the catalog is the foundation for other subscription OCLC services. OCLC was founded in 1967 under the leadership of Fred Kilgour; that same year, OCLC began to develop the union catalog technology that would evolve into WorldCat. In 2003, OCLC began the "Open WorldCat" pilot program, making abbreviated records from a subset of WorldCat available to partner web sites and booksellers, to increase the accessibility of its subscribing member libraries' collections. In 2006, it became possible to search WorldCat directly at its website. In 2007, WorldCat Identities began providing pages for 20 million "identities", predominantly authors and persons who are the subjects of published titles.
In December 2017, WorldCat contained over 400 million bibliographic records in 491 languages, representing over 2.6 billion physical and digital library assets, the WorldCat persons dataset included over 100 million people. WorldCat operates on a batch processing model rather than a real-time model; that is, WorldCat records are synchronized at intermittent intervals with the underlying library catalogs instead of real-time or every day. Consequently: WorldCat shows that a particular item is owned by a particular library but does not provide that library's call number. WorldCat does not indicate whether or not an item is borrowed, undergoing restoration or repair, or moved to storage not directly accessible to patrons. Furthermore, WorldCat does not show whether or not a library owns multiple copies of a particular title; as an alternative, WorldCat allows participating institutions to add direct links from WorldCat to their own catalog entries for a particular item, which enables the user to determine its real-time status.
However, this still requires users to open multiple Web pages, each pointing to a different online public access catalog with its own distinctive user interface design, until they can locate a catalog entry that shows the item is available at a particular library. Copac Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Library and Archives Canada Open Library Research Libraries UK Blackman, Cathy. "WorldCat and SkyRiver: a comparison of record quantity and fullness". Library Resources & Technical Services. 58: 178–186. Doi:10.5860/lrts.58n3.178. Breeding, Marshall. "Library services platforms: a maturing genre of products". Library Technology Reports. 51: 1–38. Doi:10.5860/ltr.51n4. Matthews, Joseph R.. "An environmental scan of OCLC alternatives: a management perspective". Public Library Quarterly. 35: 175–187. Doi:10.1080/01616846.2016.1210440. McKenzie, Elizabeth. OCLC changes its rules for use of records in WorldCat: library community pushback through blogs and cultures of resistance. Boston: Suffolk University Law School.
Research paper 12-06. What the OCLC online union catalog means to me: a collection of essays. Dublin, Ohio: OCLC. 1997. ISBN 1556532237. OCLC 37492023. Wilson, Kristen. "The knowledge base at the center of the universe". Library Technology Reports. 52: 1–35. Doi:10.5860/ltr.52n6. "WorldCat data licensing". Oclc.org. Retrieved 2018-12-31. See also: "Data licenses & attribution". Oclc.org. Retrieved 2018-12-31. Information about licensing of WorldCat records and some other OCLC data. Official website "WorldCat". Oclc.org. Retrieved 2018-12-31. Information on the OCLC website about WorldCat. "Bibliographic Formats and Standards". Oclc.org. Retrieved 2018-12-31. "WorldCat Identities". Worldcat.org. Retrieved 2018-12-31