Carlos Alberto Torres
Carlos Alberto "Capita" Torres known as "O Capitão do Tri", was a Brazilian footballer. He is regarded as one of the best defenders of all time, he captained the Brazil national team to victory in the 1970 World Cup, scoring the fourth goal in the final, considered one of the greatest goals in the history of the tournament. Carlos Alberto was a member of the World Team of the 20th Century, in 2004 was named by Pelé in the FIFA 100 list of the world's greatest living players, he was an inductee to the Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame, was a member of the U. S. National Soccer Hall of Fame. In January 2013, Carlos Alberto was named one of the six Ambassadors of 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil, others being Ronaldo, Bebeto, Mário Zagallo and Marta. Carlos Alberto was born in Rio de Janeiro, his son is fellow player Carlos Alexandre Torres. Carlos Alberto joined Fluminense at the age of 19, he made a name for himself in his first season, not only because of his great tackling and reading of the game, but for his outstanding ball control and playmaking abilities, which were quite rare at the time for a defender.
In 1966, he moved to Santos. In 1974, he returned to Fluminense and helped the team capture two consecutive Campeonato Carioca championships. In 1977, he moved to Fluminense's arch-rivals Flamengo. In 1977, despite his success in Brazil, Carlos Alberto Torres decided to move to the New York Cosmos, he arrived on the day of the New York City blackout where he was reunited with his friend and partner Pelé and helped the Cosmos capture two consecutive NASL titles in 1977 and 1978. After spending one year with the California Surf, he returned to the Cosmos in 1982 where he won his third NASL title, he played his farewell game on 28 September 1982 in an exhibition match between the Cosmos and his former club Flamengo. In 119 regular season games and 26 playoff games, Carlos scored a total of 8 goals and was an NASL All-Star five times. From 1964 to 1977, Carlos Alberto scored 8 goals, he was included in the 44-man training squad for the 1966 FIFA World Cup but did not make the final 22. As it turned out, Brazil were knocked out at the Group stage in England, when João Saldanha was tasked with restoring pride and passion to the seleção, he recognised the leadership ability that Carlos Alberto was demonstrating at Santos, made him national captain.
Thus, Carlos Alberto is remembered holding aloft the Jules Rimet trophy after Brazil secured the cup for good after an impressive victory over Italy in the 1970 FIFA World Cup Final in Mexico City. That squad included Clodoaldo, Gérson, Roberto Rivelino, Tostão and Pelé. Carlos Alberto's goal against Italy in the final is considered one of the best goals scored in the tournament. In 2002 the UK public voted the goal No. 36 in the list of the 100 Greatest Sporting Moments. 1970 would prove to be the only time. He was unable to participate in the 1974 World Cup due to a persistent knee injury; when he regained match fitness, his speed had been compromised. However, his ability to read the game compensated for his loss of pace and when he moved to centre back, he found the form to warrant a recall to the national team. In 1977, he was selected by Claudio Coutinho to captain the national team for the first three qualifiers for the 1978 World Cup, he acquitted himself well despite those being the first competitive internationals he had played for seven years.
He was approaching 33 years of age and retired from international football prior to joining New York Cosmos in the NASL. Today he is considered one of the finest Brazilian footballers of all time, his career as a football manager started in 1983. He managed several other clubs, like Corinthians in 1985 and 1986. C. in 1999. He was an assistant manager for national teams such as the Nigeria national football team and the Oman national football team. On 14 February 2004 he was appointed manager of the Azerbaijan national football team, he resigned on 4 June 2005 after losing a match against Poland, during which he assaulted the technical referee and ran on the pitch suggesting the referee was bribed. Torres died in Rio de Janeiro on 25 October 2016 due to a sudden heart attack, he was a sports commentator at a Brazilian channel SporTV, having appeared live on studio only two days before his death, which occurred one month after his twin died. FluminenseCampeonato Carioca: 1964, 1975, 1976 Taça Guanabara: 1966SantosRecopa Sul-Americana: 1968 Taça de Prata: 1968 Paulista Championship: 1967, 1968, 1969, 1973New York CosmosNASL Soccer Bowl Championships: 1977, 1978, 1980, 1982 BrazilFIFA World Cup: 1970 FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 1970 World Team of the 20th Century: 1998 National Soccer Hall of Fame: 2003 FIFA 100: 2004 The Best of The Best – Player of the Century: Top 50 Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame Sambafoot Carlos Alberto Torres – FIFA competition record nasljerseys.com NASL statistics for Carlos Alberto Torres at nasljersey.com
National Soccer Hall of Fame
The National Soccer Hall of Fame is a private, non-profit institution established in 1979 located in Toyota Stadium in Frisco, Texas, a suburb of Dallas. The Hall of Fame honors soccer achievements in the United States. Induction into the hall is considered the highest honor in American soccer; the Hall of Fame was founded in 1950 by the Philadelphia "Old-timers" Association, a group of former professional and amateur soccer players that wanted to recognize the achievements of soccer in America. The Hall of Fame museum opened on June 12, 1999 in Oneonta, NY; the museum featured the hall of fame, a library, an interactive soccer play area. The United States National Soccer Team Players Association partnered with the Hall of Fame to create the Time In program, which honored people with a connection to soccer battling leukemia. Since the disease disproportionately targets children a majority of the honorees were youth soccer players. Prior to the 2005 induction of the "Magnificent Five" individuals from the early and mid 20th century had been ignored.
This change was brought about by the acquisition of a large volume of historical records relating to this period. These records combined with developed eligibility criteria led to the induction of Tommy Fleming, Alex McNab, Johnny Nelson, Werner Nilsen and Fabri Salcedo; the notable careers of these five players all took place prior to 1950. The "Magnificent Five" were inducted posthumously into the Hall of Fame in August 2005. Sports Illustrated reported on September 4, 2009, that the Hall announced it would be closing to the public, it was open only on certain match days. As a result of financial difficulties the Hall of Fame cut six of its nine employees during that same month; the director of the Hall of Fame for 10 years, Jack Huckel, left his position on December 18, 2009. On February 10, 2010, it was announced that the Hall would close its facility, though inductions will continue. In September 2015, it was announced that a new Hall of Fame museum would be built at Toyota Stadium in Frisco, the home of Major League Soccer club FC Dallas.
The new museum opened during the 2018 Enshrinement Ceremony on October 20, 2018. This new facility features additional memorabilia from soccer legends and high-tech, interactive exhibits. After the museum was closed, a collection of more than 80,000 items was distributed to various locations across the country, including the headquarters of Eurosport, a long-term corporate sponsor, in Hillsborough, North Carolina; the collection includes the following notable items: The oldest soccer ball made in the United States The 1991, 1999 and 2015 FIFA Women’s World Cup Trophies The North American Soccer League archive The 1994 FIFA World Cup U. S. archive A rare soccer photography collection from New York depression-era photographer John Albok Materials from the U. S. national teams in World Cup competition Artifacts from the American Soccer League of the 1920s and 1950s. Pelé’s New York Cosmos jersey; the Lamar Hunt Open Cup trophy. Mia Hamm’s cleats. Commemorations of the first U. S. World Cup team in 1930.
Eligible individuals may be inducted into one of three categories: Player and Veteran. New individuals are inducted annually. To be eligible in the Player category, an individual must have met number 1, either number 2 or number 3, of the following three criteria: Retired as a player for at least three years, but for no more than 10 years Played at least 20 full international games for the United States; this requirement is reduced to 10 games if the games were prior to 1990. Played at least five seasons in an American first-division professional league, won either the league championship, or the U. S. Open was selected as a league all-star at least once. Players who have met either no. 2 or no. 3 but who retired more than 10 years ago are automatically placed on the veteran eligibility list. To be eligible in this category, an individual must have made his or her mark in soccer in a non-playing capacity and have had a major and positive impact on soccer in the United States at a national or first division professional level.
Due to the broad, general nature of the criteria, nominations for this category may be considered. Nominations are screened by the Hall of Fame Historian and Researcher who submit their recommendations to the Hall as to the appropriateness of the nominee's inclusion on the eligibility list; the National Soccer Hall of Fame's Medal of Honor is the highest honor given to people who have grown the sport of soccer in the United States. The Medal is awarded to individuals who has "demonstrated vision and played an historic role in changing the course of soccer in America." The Medal has been given out only four times in history. In 2009, the Hall of fame inducted Jeff Agoos and Joy Fawcett into the Hall of Fame in the player category. In 2010, Thomas Dooley and Preki Radosavljević were inducted in the player category, Kyle Rote, Jr. in the Veteran category and Bruce Arena in the Builder category. On February 17, 2011, the Hall of Fame announced the candidates eligible for induction into the Hall of Fame in 2011.
This list included individuals for all three categories, Player and Builder. On March 29, 2011, the Hall of Fame announced that Cobi Jones, Eddie Pope and Earnie Stewart had been elected for induction into the Hall of Fame in the 2011 Player category. Bruce Murray was selected in the Veteran category, Bob Gansler was elected in the Builder category. On January 31, 2012, the United States Soccer Federation announced that the ballots were finalized for the Class of 2012. Voting began on the day of the announcement and will continue until February 17. Twelve players were added to the ballot after qualifying for the first time, they included Tony Meola, Claudio Reyna
St. Louis Kutis S.C.
St. Louis Kutis Soccer Club, better known as St. Louis Kutis, is an amateur American soccer club in St. Louis, Missouri. Founded in 1947 as the "St. Louis Raiders", the club was known as "Paul Schulte" during the 1948–49 season, "McMahon's" during the 1949–50 season and "Zenthoefer's" in the 1950–51 season. In 1953, the team was renamed "St. Louis Kutis"; the club gained its greatest prominence in the 1950s when it dominated both St. Louis and national soccer competitions. In 1958, the United States Soccer Federation used Kutis, with a few guest players, as the U. S. national team in two World Cup qualifying matches. On March 21, 1947, Gene Thumm and local businessman Nick Jost, inducted into the St. Louis Soccer Hall of Fame on November 11, 1976, called a meeting of soccer players and formed the Raiders club; the Raiders were established as a professional team and entered the North American Soccer Football League, established in 1946 as a professional league spanning the midwest U. S; the NASFL planned a two part season for 1947.
The first half would run from April to the second half from September to October. The league only lasted the first half and a few games of the second half as financial difficulties led to it folding. Hall of Famer Werner Nilsen coached Raiders during 1947With the collapse of the NASFL, Raiders became an amateur club and entered the newly established St. Louis Major League. Raiders tied St. Louis Simpkins-Ford for second in the league's standings; the team was sponsored by "Paul Schulte" for the 1948–49 season. Sponsorship was changed once again to "McMahons" for the 1949–50 season; the team regained the Raiders name up to November of the 1950–51 season when Walter Zenthoefer began sponsorship of the club. In 1951, Raiders finished third in the league. Raiders dominated the 1952 St. Louis Major Soccer League season, they ran to a 15–4–2 record and took the league title with a four point lead over St. Louis Simpkins-Ford; the team won the National Amateur Cup with a 4–3 victory over Ludlow Lusitano, but lost in the second round of the National Challenge Cup.
Following their victory in the National Amateur Cup, Tom Kutis of Kutis Funeral Home took over sponsorship of the team and renamed it St. Louis Kutis S. C; some periodicals refer to Kutis as the Undertakers but this was not a common practice. When Kutis took on his new team, he decided to stock his team with local talent. St. Louis had one of the richest pools of soccer talent in the U. S. Kutis did not stop there, but decided to sponsor three additional clubs, one adult, one for teenagers and one for boys age seven to ten. In this way, he created a club farm system. On a side note, Kutis sponsored several bowling, baseball and basketball teams at the time. In its first year in existence, Kutis won the St. Louis Major Soccer League title with a 12–1–3 record. In addition, the club’s lower division team took the St. Louis Municipal League Championship title. While Kutis entered the National Challenge Cup for the first time, it was an inauspicious start; the team defeated the Chicago Falcons 2–0. However the Falcons managed to show.
In the replay and Chicago played first to a scoreless tie in the third match, Chicago overcame Kutis 2–1. Chicago went on to win the National Cup. In 1954, the St. Louis Major Soccer League folded and was replaced by the St. Louis Municipal League the lower competition, as the city’s highest league. Since Kutis had fielded a team in both leagues in 1953, the club decided to place both in the Municipal league; the top Kutis club took the North Division title and the overall league title while the reserve team was second in the South Division. This year, Kutis made it to the Open Cup Final, before falling 1–0 and 2–0 to the professional New York Americans, they lost the National Challenge Cup to the Americans. The Municipal League folded at the end of the 1954 season. However, Kutis decided to withdraw his club from league play and field it as an independent team playing an exhibition schedule only. While this schedule featured teams from St. Louis and Chicago, Kutis took on Nürnberg. Despite not playing in an organized league for the rest of the decade, Kutis rose to become one of the dominant teams on a national level.
They went on to win the National Amateur Cup six consecutive years and were perennial contenders for the National Challenge Cup winning the title in 1957. In 1958, the success of Kutis was such that the Soccer Federation chose it to represent the U. S. in the two 1958 FIFA World Cup qualifying matches that year. In 1960, one of the Kutis club teams won the St. Louis Municipal League title. In 1963 and 1964, the Junior Team took the National Junior Cup titles. Kutis continued to find success into the late 1960s in the National Amateur Cup. However, by the late 1960s, the rise first of the National Professional Soccer League its successor league, the North American Soccer League, saw the rapid rise in professional U. S. soccer. By the early 1970s a local amateur club such as Kutis could no longer compete successfully; the collapse of the NASL in the early 1980s, accompanied by the collapse of the American Soccer League, led to a brief resurgence of local and independent "super clubs" such as Kutis.
This resurgence put them back into contention for the U. S. Cup in the mid and late 1980s, but as the various independent clubs began to coalesce into leagues, such as the Western Soccer League, third American Soccer League and the Lone Star Soccer Alliance, Kutis again faded from the national scene. In 2007, Kutis forfeited its Open Cup qualifying game with AAFC Elite. Nowadays, Kutis
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union; the largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia; the state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber and recreation; the Missouri River, after which the state is named, flows through the center of the state into the Mississippi River, which makes up Missouri's eastern border. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years; the Mississippian culture built mounds, before declining in the 14th century. When European explorers arrived in the 17th century they encountered the Osage and Missouria nations; the French established Louisiana, a part of New France, founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764. After a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory.
Missouri was admitted as a slave state as part of the Missouri Compromise. Many from Virginia and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland. Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch; the Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, California Trail all began in Missouri. As a border state, Missouri's role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business. Today, the state is divided into the independent city of St. Louis. Missouri's culture blends elements from Southern United States; the musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, St. Louis Blues developed in Missouri; the well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, lesser-known St. Louis-style barbecue, can be found across the state and beyond. Missouri is a major center of beer brewing.
Missouri wine is produced in Ozarks. Missouri's alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the state's major cities, popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, Table Rock Lake, Branson. Well-known Missourians include U. S. President Harry S. Truman, Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, Nelly; some of the largest companies based in the state include Cerner, Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, H&R Block, Wells Fargo Advisors, O'Reilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the "Mother of the West" and the "Cave State"; the state is named for the Missouri River, named after the indigenous Missouri Indians, a Siouan-language tribe. It is said that they were called the ouemessourita, meaning "those who have dugout canoes", by the Miami-Illinois language speakers; this appears to be folk etymology—the Illinois spoke an Algonquian language and the closest approximation that can be made in that of their close neighbors, the Ojibwe, is "You Ought to Go Downriver & Visit Those People."
This would be an odd occurrence, as the French who first explored and attempted to settle the Mississippi River got their translations during that time accurate giving things French names that were exact translations of the native tongue. Assuming Missouri were deriving from the Siouan language, it would translate as "It connects to the side of it," in reference to the river itself; this is not likely either, as this would be coming out as "Maya Sunni" Most though, the name Missouri comes from Chiwere, a Siouan language spoken by people who resided in the modern day states of Wisconsin, South Dakota, Missouri & Nebraska. The name "Missouri" has several different pronunciations among its present-day natives, the two most common being and. Further pronunciations exist in Missouri or elsewhere in the United States, involving the realization of the first syllable as either or. Any combination of these phonetic realizations may be observed coming from speakers of American English; the linguistic history was treated definitively by Donald M. Lance, who acknowledged that the question is sociologically complex, but that no pronunciation could be declared "correct", nor could any be defined as native or outsider, rural or urban, southern or northern, educated or otherwise.
Politicians employ multiple pronunciations during a single speech, to appeal to a greater number of listeners. Informal respellings of the state's name, such as "Missour-ee" or "Missour-uh", are used informally to phonetically distinguish pronunciations. There is no official state nickname. However, Missouri's unofficial nickname is the "Show Me State"; this phrase has several origins. One is popularly ascribed to a speech by Congressman Willard Vandiver in 1899, who declared that "I come from a state that raises corn and cotton and Democrats, frothy eloquence neither convinces nor satisfies me. I'm from Missouri, you have got to show me." This is in keeping with the saying "I'm from Missouri" which means "I'm skeptical of the matter and not convinced." However, according to researchers, the phrase "show me" was in use
The Washington Post
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper published in Washington, D. C. with a particular emphasis on national politics and the federal government. It has the largest circulation in the Washington metropolitan area, its slogan "Democracy Dies in Darkness" began appearing on its masthead in 2017. Daily broadsheet editions are printed for the District of Columbia and Virginia; the newspaper has won 47 Pulitzer Prizes. This includes six separate Pulitzers awarded in 2008, second only to The New York Times' seven awards in 2002 for the highest number awarded to a single newspaper in one year. Post journalists have received 18 Nieman Fellowships and 368 White House News Photographers Association awards. In the early 1970s, in the best-known episode in the newspaper's history, reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein led the American press' investigation into what became known as the Watergate scandal, their reporting in The Washington Post contributed to the resignation of President Richard Nixon.
In years since, the Post's investigations have led to increased review of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center. In October 2013, the paper's longtime controlling family, the Graham family, sold the newspaper to Nash Holdings, a holding company established by Jeff Bezos, for $250 million in cash; the Washington Post is regarded as one of the leading daily American newspapers, along with The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, The Wall Street Journal. The Post has distinguished itself through its political reporting on the workings of the White House and other aspects of the U. S. government. Unlike The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post does not print an edition for distribution away from the East Coast. In 2009, the newspaper ceased publication of its National Weekly Edition, which combined stories from the week's print editions, due to shrinking circulation; the majority of its newsprint readership is in the District of Columbia and its suburbs in Maryland and Northern Virginia.
The newspaper is one of a few U. S. newspapers with foreign bureaus, located in Beirut, Beijing, Bogotá, Hong Kong, Jerusalem, London, Mexico City, Nairobi, New Delhi and Tokyo. In November 2009, it announced the closure of its U. S. regional bureaus—Chicago, Los Angeles and New York—as part of an increased focus on "political stories and local news coverage in Washington." The newspaper has local bureaus in Virginia. As of May 2013, its average weekday circulation was 474,767, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, making it the seventh largest newspaper in the country by circulation, behind USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Daily News, the New York Post. While its circulation has been slipping, it has one of the highest market-penetration rates of any metropolitan news daily. For many decades, the Post had its main office at 1150 15th Street NW; this real estate remained with Graham Holdings when the newspaper was sold to Jeff Bezos' Nash Holdings in 2013.
Graham Holdings sold 1150 15th Street for US$159 million in November 2013. The Washington Post continued to lease space at 1150 L Street NW. In May 2014, The Washington Post leased the west tower of One Franklin Square, a high-rise building at 1301 K Street NW in Washington, D. C; the newspaper moved into their new offices December 14, 2015. The Post has its own exclusive zip code, 20071. Arc Publishing is a department of the Post, which provides the publishing system, software for news organizations such as the Chicago Tribune and the Los Angeles Times; the newspaper was founded in 1877 by Stilson Hutchins and in 1880 added a Sunday edition, becoming the city's first newspaper to publish seven days a week. In 1889, Hutchins sold the newspaper to Frank Hatton, a former Postmaster General, Beriah Wilkins, a former Democratic congressman from Ohio. To promote the newspaper, the new owners requested the leader of the United States Marine Band, John Philip Sousa, to compose a march for the newspaper's essay contest awards ceremony.
Sousa composed "The Washington Post". It became the standard music to accompany the two-step, a late 19th-century dance craze, remains one of Sousa's best-known works. In 1893, the newspaper moved to a building at 14th and E streets NW, where it would remain until 1950; this building combined all functions of the newspaper into one headquarters – newsroom, advertising and printing – that ran 24 hours per day. In 1898, during the Spanish–American War, the Post printed Clifford K. Berryman's classic illustration Remember the Maine, which became the battle-cry for American sailors during the War. In 1902, Berryman published another famous cartoon in the Post—Drawing the Line in Mississippi; this cartoon depicts President Theodore Roosevelt showing compassion for a small bear cub and inspired New York store owner Morris Michtom to create the teddy bear. Wilkins acquired Hatton's share of the newspaper in 1894 at Hatton's death. After Wilkins' death in 1903, his sons John and Robert ran the Post for two years before selling it in 1905 to John Roll McLean, owner of the Cincinnati Enquirer.
During the Wilson presidency, the Post was credited with the "most famous newspaper typo" in D. C. history according to Reason magazine. When John McLean died in 1916, he put the newspap
ESPN is a U. S.-based sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc. a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company and Hearst Communications. The company was founded in 1979 by Bill Rasmussen along with his son Scott Ed Egan. ESPN broadcasts from studio facilities located in Bristol, Connecticut; the network operates offices in Miami, New York City, Seattle and Los Angeles. James Pitaro serves as chairman of ESPN, a position he has held since March 5, 2018 due to the resignation of John Skipper on December 18, 2017. While ESPN is one of the most successful sports networks, there has been much criticism of ESPN, which includes accusations of biased coverage, conflict of interest, controversies with individual broadcasters and analysts; as of January 2016, ESPN is available to 91,405,000 paid television households in the United States. Nielsen has reported a much lower number in 2017, below 90,000,000 subscribers, losing more than 10,000 a day. In addition to the flagship channel and its seven related channels in the United States, ESPN broadcasts in more than 200 countries, operating regional channels in Australia, Latin America and the United Kingdom, owning a 20% interest in The Sports Network as well as its five sister networks in Canada.
In 2011, ESPN's history and rise was chronicled in Those Guys Have All the Fun, a nonfiction book written by James Andrew Miller and Tom Shales and published by Little and Company. Bill Rasmussen conceived the concept of ESPN in late May 1978, after he was fired from his job with the World Hockey Association's New England Whalers. One of the first steps in Bill and his son Scott's process was finding land to build the channel's broadcasting facilities; the Rasmussens first rented office space in Plainville, Connecticut. However, the plan to base ESPN there was put on hold because a local ordinance prohibiting buildings from bearing rooftop satellite dishes. Available land area was found in Bristol, with funding to buy the property provided by Getty Oil, which purchased 85% of the company from Bill Rasmussen on February 22, 1979, in an attempt to diversify the company's holdings; this helped the credibility of the fledgling company, however there were still many doubters to the viability of their sports channel concept.
Another event that helped build ESPN's credibility was securing an advertising agreement with Anheuser-Busch in the spring of 1979. Taped in front of a small live audience inside the Bristol studios, it was broadcast to 1.4 million cable subscribers throughout the United States. ESPN's next big break came when the channel acquired the rights to broadcast coverage of the early rounds of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament, it first aired the NCAA tournament in March 1980, creating the modern day television event known as "March Madness." The channel's tournament coverage launched the broadcasting career of Dick Vitale, who at the time he joined ESPN, had just been fired as head coach of the Detroit Pistons. In April of that year, ESPN created another made-for-TV spectacle, when it began televising the NFL Draft, it provided complete coverage of the event that allowed rookie players from the college ranks to begin their professional careers in front of a national television audience in ways they were not able to previously.
The next major stepping stone for ESPN came over the course of a couple of months in 1984. During this time period, the American Broadcasting Company purchased 100% of ESPN from the Rasmussens and Getty Oil. Under Getty ownership, the channel was unable to compete for the television rights to major sports events contracts as its majority corporate parent would not provide the funding, leading ESPN to lose out for broadcast deals with the National Hockey League and NCAA Division I college football. For years, the NFL, NBA and Major League Baseball refused to consider cable as a means of broadcasting some of their games. However, with the backing of ABC, ESPN's ability to compete for major sports contracts increased, gave it credibility within the sports broadcasting industry. In 1984, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the NCAA could no longer monopolize the rights to negotiate the contracts for college football games, allowing each individual school to negotiate broadcast deals of their choice.
ESPN took full advantage and began to broadcast a large number of NCAA football games, creating an opportunity for fans to be able to view multiple games each weekend, the same deal that the NCAA had negotiated with TBS. ESPN's breakthrough moment occurred in 1987, when it secured a contract with the NFL to broadcast eight games during that year's regular season – all of which aired on Sunday nights, marking the first broadcasts of Sunday NFL primetime games. ESPN's Sunday Night Football games would become the highest-rated NFL telecasts for the next 17 years; the channel's decision to broadcast NFL games on Sunday evenings resulted in a decline in viewership for the daytime games shown on the major broadcast networks, marking the first time that ESPN had been a legitimate competitor to NBC and CBS, which had long dominated the sports television market. In 19
United States men's national soccer team
The United States Men's National Soccer Team is controlled by the United States Soccer Federation and competes in the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football. The team has appeared in ten FIFA World Cups, including the first in 1930, where they reached the semi-finals; the U. S. participated in the 1950 World Cups, winning 1 -- 0 against England in the latter. After 1950, the U. S. did not qualify for the World Cup until 1990. The U. S. hosted the 1994 World Cup. They qualified for five more consecutive World Cups after 1994, becoming one of the tournament's regular competitors and advancing to the knockout stage; the U. S. reached the quarter-finals of the 2002 World Cup. In the 2009 Confederations Cup, they eliminated top-ranked Spain in the semi-finals before losing to Brazil in the final, their only appearance in the final of a major intercontinental tournament; the team failed to qualify for the 2018 World Cup, having been eliminated in continental qualifying, ending the streak of consecutive World Cups at seven.
United States will co-host the 2026 FIFA World Cup along with Canada and Mexico, the automatic qualification of all three teams is as co-hosts. The U. S. competes in continental tournaments, including the CONCACAF Gold Cup and Copa América. The U. S. won six Gold Cups, has achieved a fourth-place finish in two Copa Américas, including the 2016 edition. The team's head coach is Gregg Berhalter, since November 29, 2018. Earnie Stewart is the team's General Manager since August 1, 2018; the first U. S. national soccer team was constituted in 1885, when it played Canada in the first international match held outside the United Kingdom. Canada defeated the U. S. 1–0 in Newark, New Jersey. The U. S. had its revenge the following year when it beat Canada 1–0 in Newark, although neither match was recognized. The U. S. earned both silver and bronze medals in men's soccer at the 1904 St. Louis Summer Olympics through Christian Brothers College and St. Rose Parish, though the tournament is declared official only by the IOC.
The U. S. played its first official international match under the auspices of U. S. Soccer on August 20, 1916, against Sweden in Stockholm, where the U. S. won 3–2. The U. S. fielded a team in the 1930 World Cup in Uruguay, the first World Cup to be played. The U. S. began group play by beating Belgium 3–0. The U. S. earned a 3–0 victory over Paraguay, with FIFA crediting Bert Patenaude with two of the goals. In November 2006, FIFA announced that it had accepted evidence that Patenaude scored all three goals against Paraguay, was thus the first person to score a hat trick in a World Cup. In the semifinals, the U. S. lost to Argentina 6–1. There was no third place game. However, using the overall tournament records in 1986, FIFA credited the U. S. with a third-place finish ahead of fellow semi-finalist Yugoslavia. This remains the U. S. team's best World Cup result, is the highest finish of any team from outside of South America and Europe. The U. S. qualified for the 1934 World Cup by defeating Mexico 4–2 in Italy a few days before the finals started.
In a straight knock-out format, the team first played host Italy and lost 7–1, eliminating the U. S. from the tournament. At the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, the U. S. again lost to Italy in the first round and were eliminated, although this time with a score of 1-0. The 1950 World Cup in Brazil was the next World Cup appearance for the U. S. as it withdrew in 1938 and the tournament wasn't held again until 1950. The U. S. lost its first match 3–1 against Spain, but won 1–0 against England at Independência Stadium in Belo Horizonte. Striker Joe Gaetjens was the goal scorer. Called "The Miracle on Grass", the result is considered one of the greatest upsets in the history of the World Cup. Months before the World Cup, England had beaten an all-star "rest of Europe" side 6–1 in an exhibition match. In their third game of the tournament, a 5-2 defeat by Chile saw the U. S. eliminated from the tournament. It would be four decades before the U. S. would make another appearance in the World Cup finals. The national team spent the mid-to-late 20th century in near complete irrelevance in both the international game and the domestic sporting scene.
There was only one World Cup berth for CONCACAF during this period until 1982. The emergence of the North American Soccer League in the 1960s and 1970s raised hopes that the U. S. national team would soon become a global force. However such hopes were not realized and by the 1980s the U. S. Soccer Federation found itself in serious financial struggles, with the national team playing only two matches from 1981 to 1983. U. S. Soccer targeted the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles and the 1986 World Cup as means of rebuilding the national team and its fan base; the International Olympic Committee declared that teams from outside Europe and South America could field full senior teams, including professionals. The U. S. had a strong showing at the tournament, beating Costa Rica, tying Egypt, losing only to favorite Italy and finishing 1–1–1 but didn't make the second round, losing to Egypt on a tiebreaker. To provide a more stable national team program and renew interest in the NASL, U. S. Soccer entered the national team into the NASL league schedule for the 1983 season as Team America.
This team lacked the continuity and regularity of training that conventional clubs enjoy, many players were unwilling to