Isao Inokuma was a judoka. He won a gold medal in the heavyweight division at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo and a world title in 1965. Inokuma was born in Yokosuka and took judo at age 15, he entered the Tokyo University of Education and won the All-Japan Judo Championships in 1959 at only 21 years of age, to become the first student competitor to win the championship. He placed second in the All-Japan Championships in 1960 and 1961, both times losing to the future Olympic silver medalist and lifelong friend Akio Kaminaga. Inokuma won the 1963 All-Japan Championships, but placed 4th in the 1964 All-Japan Championships and ended up entering the 1964 Summer Olympics in the +80 kg division, his main rivals there were Canadian Doug Rogers, who trained with Inokuma in Japan, Georgian Anzor Kiknadze, who nearly defeated Inokuma in 1961 using sambo armlock techniques. Inokuma faced Kiknadze in the semifinals, he managed to avoid the armlocks and threw Kiknadze at the five minute to advance to the final against Rogers, about 30 kg heavier.
In the final little happened in the first 10 minutes, the referee, Charles Palmer threatened to disqualify both, with little effect. Inokuma was awarded the gold for a higher activity. After graduating, Inokuma became a judo instructor for Juntendo University and the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department. In 1965, he entered the Open weight class of the World Judo Championships intending to wrestle Dutch judo champion Anton Geesink, but Geesink went to the +80 kg division that year, the two never faced off against one another. Both Geesink and Inokuma won gold medals in the competition, Inokuma announced his retirement shortly afterwards, citing lack of motivation. In 1966, he resigned from his post at the Tokyo Police Department to become an executive at the Tokai Construction company, he continued to work with judo as an advisor for the International Judo Federation, as an instructor at Tokai University, where he coached future Olympic gold medalist Yasuhiro Yamashita. He authored several books and manuals on judo.
He became the CEO of Tokai Construction in 1993. Inokuma committed suicide in 2001 by means of seppuku due to financial losses suffered by his company
Isao Okano is a retired judoka who competed in the middleweight division in the 1964 Summer Olympics. Okano entered the 1964 Summer Olympics while studying at Chuo University's law school, won the gold medal in the middleweight division, he won another gold medal at the World Judo Championships in 1965, becoming the champion of his division at only 21 years of age. He won the open-weight class division of the All-Japan Judo Championships in 1967 and 1969, placed second in 1968. At 80 kg, he and Shinobu Sekine remain the lightest competitors to win these championships. Okano retired from competitive judo at only 25 years of age, founded the Sekijuku in 1970, where he instructed future Olympic gold medalist Kazuhiro Ninomiya, he served as a coach for the Japanese team during the 1976 Summer Olympics. He worked as a judo instructor at Keio University from 1989 to 1998, the University of Tokyo from 1989 to 2000, he is Head of the Judo Department at Ryutsu Keizai University. He has held the judo rank of 6th dan for more than 40 years.
Isao Okano is the author of one of the most renowned judo books Vital Judo, published in 1976. Okano is famously known for his kouchi gari and osoto gari. Known as a master in the field of newaza, Okano is considered by some an important contributor to the late art of Brazilian jiu-jitsu, he was a teacher to Brazilian jiu-jitsu black belts like Joe Moreira, Fredson Paixao, Edson Carvalho and Oswaldo Alves, with the last citing their training with Okano as instrumental for the development of sweeps, side control and guard work in modern jiu-jitsu. List of judoka List of Olympic medalists in judo seoinage Competition videos of Isao Okano at Judovision
Willem "Wim" Ruska was a judoka from the Netherlands. He is the only athlete to win two gold medals in Judo in one Olympics – in the heavyweight and absolute categories in 1972, he started learning judo at the Dutch Navy traveling to Japan for further training. In the 1960s and 1970s, under the training of Jon Bluming, he won seven European titles, five in the +93 kg category and two in the open category, he furthermore won two Olympic titles. His success at the 1972 Summer Olympics was overshadowed by the Munich massacre that took place days before, he retired after the 1972 Olympics and took part in professional wrestling. Ruska competed between 1976 and 1980 for the New Japan Pro Wrestling and World Wrestling Federation promotions, he had over 150 pro wrestling matches, in some of which he was the tag team partner of fellow judoka Allen Coage. In August 1976, Ruska fought vale tudo legend Ivan Gomes during a NJPW tour in Brazil, it is said he challenged the Gracie family in response to a previous challenge they had made to Anton Geesink in 1965, but Gomes accepted to fight him instead.
At 110kg, Gomes was heavier than the 95kg Ruska. The bout was fought at least under pro wrestling rules, with NJPW worker Teruo Takahashi as the referee and the rule that every fighter would have to release any hold if his opponent grabbed the ropes. Details about the fight are sparse. Marcial Serrano wrote Gomes threw illegal strikes during the bout, though Keisuke Shibusawa claimed Ruska held his own and might have injured Gomes at some point. Anyway, at some other point Gomes captured Ruska's back and tried a rear naked choke, but they became tangled on the ring ropes. A turmoil happened, referee Takahashi decreed victory for the Dutchman; the circumstances of this decision are unknown: Ivan's brother Jose claimed Ruska fell unconscious at the submission leaving unclear if he had grabbed the ropes or not, leading Takahashi to disqualify Gomes, while Shibusawa said the referee noted Gomes's body was positioned half out of the ropes, so he counted him out. In any case Brazilian crowds were caused a turmoil.
Local newspapers declared Gomes the winner of the match, it was rumored Takahashi was expelled from Brazil due to what was perceived as a bad call. Ruska was a close friend to sambo world champion Chris Dolman a Bluming understudy, they had a falling out after Dolman joined Akira Maeda's Fighting Network Rings while Ruska was part of Antonio Inoki's New Japan Pro Wrestling, but they mended it in September 1997, when Inoki visited Holland along with Naoya Ogawa. They stayed in contact until Ruska's death in 2015. In 2001 Ruska suffered a major stroke. In 2013 he was inducted in the Hall of Fame of the International Judo Federation. Ruska was admitted to a nursing home in 2014. Ruska died on 14 February 2015 at the age of 74 and was survived by his wife, two children and five grandchildren. Wim Ruska Dutch homepage Videos of Wim Ruska on Judovision Wim Ruska at JudoInside.com
Toshirō Daigo is a Japanese judoka. He is Chief Instructor at the former manager of the Japanese national team, he is one of only three living Kodokan 10th dan, having been promoted at the New Year Kagami biraki Ceremony, January 8, 2006 along with Ichiro Abe and Yoshimi Osawa. Daigo was educated at Tokyo University of Education, he was All-Japan Judo Champion in 1951 and 1954. He is the author of Kodokan Judo: Throwing Techniques, a definitive text on judo throws. Kodokan Judo: Throwing Techniques, Tokyo, Japan
Yoshihiko Yoshimatsu was a Japanese judoka. Born in Kagoshima, Japan, he received a silver medal at the 1956 World Judo Championships in Tokyo, behind winner Shokichi Natsui, he won the All-Japan Judo Championships three times
Antonius Johannes Geesink was a Dutch 10th dan judoka. He was the first non-Japanese judoka to win gold at the World Judo Championship, a feat he accomplished in 1961 and 1965, he was an Olympic Champion, having won gold at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Japan, won a record 21 European Judo Championships during his career. Geesink took up judo aged 14 and by 17 started competing internationally, winning a silver medal in 1951; the following year, he won his first European title. Through to 1967, twenty more European titles followed. At the 1956 World Championships, Geesink was eliminated in the semi-finals against Yoshihiko Yoshimatsu. At the 1961 World Championships, Geesink 5th dan, became World Champion in the open class, defeating the Japanese champion Koji Sone. Japanese judokas had won all the World Championship titles contested up to that point. Judo debuted as an official sport at the 1964 Summer Olympics, which were held in the sport's home country, Japan. Although Japan dominated three of the four weight divisions, Anton Geesink won the final of the open weight division, defeating Akio Kaminaga in front of his home crowd.
After winning the 1965 World Championships and a last European title in 1967, Geesink quit competitive judo. Anton Geesink was one of the few 10th Dan grade judoka recognized by the IJF but not by Kodokan at that rank. Promotions from 6th to 10th Dan are awarded for services to the sport of judo. In 2010 there are three living 10th dan grade judoka recognized by Kodokan: Toshiro Daigo, Ichiro Abe and Yoshimi Osawa; the Kodokan has not awarded the 10th Dan to anybody outside Japan. In October 1973, All Japan Pro Wrestling owner Giant Baba recruited Anton Geesink to join AJPW. Baba sent him to TX and Dory Funk Jr. and Terry Funk trained him for a month. He worked for All Japan as a popular part-timer. Geesink's notable professional wrestling opponents included Bruno Sammartino, Gorilla Monsoon, Dick Murdoch, Dory Funk Jr. Bobby Duncum, Bob Remus, Don Leo Jonathan, Jumbo Tsuruta. Geesink made his acting debut in 1962. In 1965 he starred as Samson in the Italian historical film Gideon and Samson: Great Leaders of the Bible, in the 1970s-1980s took part in two Dutch TV series.
In the 1960s he published several books on judo in English. In 1987, Geesink became a member of the board of the Dutch National Olympic Committee, a member of the International Olympic Committee. Geesink was among the IOC members suspected of accepting bribes during the scandal surrounding the election of Salt Lake City as the host of the 2002 Winter Olympics. Geesink's name was cleared by the IOC which issued him a warning for the appearance of a conflict of interest which could have damaged the reputation of the IOC. Geesink continued working for IOC until his death in 2010. Geesink was raised in Utrecht, his family was poor and he started work as a builder aged 12. He died in 2010 aged 76 in the town of his birth, he was survived by his wife of more than 50 years. Geesink was chosen as the Dutch Sportsman of the Year in 1957, 1961, 1964 and 1965, he was awarded the Order of the Sacred Treasure by the Japanese government in 1997. His home town of Utrecht has a street named after him —, the street he lived on for some time up until his death in August 2010.
On 29 January 2000, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by Kokushikan University, a Japanese university known for its sport education and of which four alumni are Olympic gold medalists in judo, with the following praise: ヘーシンク氏は、一九六四年東京オリンピックにおいて、柔道無差別級で外国人選手として初めて金メダルを獲得し、その後、武道精神をもって国際平和に貢献するとともにオランダ・日本両国民の文化交流・友好関係の促進に努め、また柔道を教育学や生体学的角度から研究し、その普及発展のために尽力された。 武道の精神を重視する本大学は、柔道の国際的普及における同氏の功績を讃え、国士舘大学名誉博士の学位を贈呈した。 At the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, Mr. Geesink won the gold medal in the open class as the first non-Japanese. Since with the spirit of budō, he has contributed to the international peace and promoted the cultural exchange and friendship between the people of the Netherlands and of Japan. Furthermore, he explored judo in light of education and somatology and has been devoted to its diffusion and development. To honor his contribution to the worldwide diffusion of judo, this university, as a body which prizes the spirit of budō, awarded him an honorary doctorate of Kokushikan University.
Videos of Anton Geesink Anton Geesink at JudoInside.com Online access to the inventory of the archives of Geesink
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city; the city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of, Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with cold, snowy winters. In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694, with a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, including all of the other municipalities on the Island of Montreal; the broader metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927. French is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages. In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.
The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second-largest French-speaking city in the world, after Paris, it is situated 258 kilometres south-west of Quebec City. The commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s, it remains an important centre of commerce, transport, pharmaceuticals, design, art, tourism, fashion, gaming and world affairs. Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006. In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking, the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings. Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.
It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics. In 2018, Montreal was ranked as an Alpha− world city; as of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival. In the Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià:ke Tsi, it is a name referring to the Lachine Rapids to the island's Ka-wé-no-te. It means "a place where nations and rivers unite and divide". In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang which means "the first stopping place" and is part of the seven fires prophecy; the city was first named Ville Marie by European settlers from La Flèche, or "City of Mary", named for the Virgin Mary. Its current name comes from the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal,. A possibility by the Government of Canada on its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, Monte Real.
Archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago. By the year AD 1000, they had started to cultivate maize. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages; the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians, an ethnically and culturally distinct group from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee based in present-day New York, established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of Mount Royal two centuries before the French arrived. Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at other locations in the valley since at least the 14th century; the French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, estimated the population of the native people at Hochelaga to be "over a thousand people". Evidence of earlier occupation of the island, such as those uncovered in 1642 during the construction of Fort Ville-Marie, have been removed. Seventy years the French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley.
This is believed to be due to epidemics of European diseases, or intertribal wars. In 1611 Champlain established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site named La Place Royale. At the confluence of Petite Riviere and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands. On his 1616 map, Samuel de Champlain named the island Lille de Villemenon, in honour of the sieur de Villemenon, a French dignitary, seeking the viceroyship of New France. In 1639 Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Notre Dame Society of Montreal to establish a Roman Catholic mission to evangelize natives. Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury; the colonists left France in 1641 for Quebec, arrived on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal is