Hearst Castle, San Simeon, is a National Historic Landmark and California Historical Landmark located on the Central Coast of California in the United States. The joint concept of William Randolph Hearst, the publishing tycoon, his architect Julia Morgan, it was built between 1919 and 1947. Known formally as "La Cuesta Encantada", referred to as San Simeon, Hearst himself called his castle, the "Ranch", his father George Hearst had purchased the original 40,000 acre estate in 1865 and Camp Hill, the site for the future Hearst Castle, was used for family camping holidays during Hearst's youth. Following his mother's death in 1919 Hearst inherited some $11,000,000 and estates including the land at San Simeon. Hearst used his fortune to further develop his media empire of newspapers and radio stations, the profits from which supported a lifetime of building and collecting. Within a few months of Phoebe Hearst's demise, Hearst had commissioned Julia Morgan to build "something a little more comfortable up on the hill", the genesis of the present castle.
Morgan was an architectural pioneer. Working in close collaboration with Hearst for over twenty years, the castle at San Simeon is her most renowned creation. In the Roaring Twenties and into the 1930s, Hearst Castle reached its social peak. Intended as a family home for Hearst, his wife Millicent and their five sons, by 1925 Hearst had separated from his wife and held court at San Simeon with his mistress, the actress Marion Davies, their guest list comprised most of the Hollywood stars of the period. Political luminaries covered Calvin Coolidge and Winston Churchill while other notables included Charles Lindbergh, P. G. Wodehouse and George Bernard Shaw. Visitors gathered each evening at Casa Grande for drinks in the Assembly Room, dined in the Refectory and watched the latest movie in the Theatre before retiring to the luxurious accommodation provided by the guest houses of Casa del Mar, Casa del Monte and Casa del Sol. During the days, they admired the views, played tennis, bowls or golf and swam in the "most sumptuous swimming pool on earth".
While Hearst entertained, Morgan built. Hearst, his castle and his lifestyle were satirized by Orson Welles in his 1941 film Citizen Kane. In the film, which Hearst sought to suppress, Charles Foster Kane's palace Xanadu is said to contain, "paintings, statues, the stones of many another palace — a collection of everything so big it can never be catalogued or appraised. Welles' allusion referred to Hearst's mania for collecting, the dealer Joseph Duveen called him the "Great Accumulator". With a passion for acquisition from childhood, Hearst bought architectural elements, antiques, statuary and textiles on an epic scale. Shortly after starting San Simeon, Hearst began to conceive of making the castle "a museum of the best things that I can secure". Foremost among his purchases were architectural elements from Western Europe Spain. Much was incorporated into the fabric of Hearst Castle. In addition, Hearst assembled antiques of high quality. In May 1947 ill health compelled Marion Davies to leave the castle for the last time.
He died in Los Angeles in 1951. In 1958, the Hearst family gifted many of its contents to the State of California, it has since operated as the Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument and attracts in the region of three quarters of a million visitors per year. The Hearst family retains ownership of the majority of the 82,000 acre wider estate and, under a land conservation agreement reached in 2005, has worked with the California State Parks Department and American Land Conservancy to preserve the undeveloped character of the area. Hearst Castle was built on Rancho Piedra Blanca that William Randolph Hearst's father, George Hearst purchased in 1865; the younger Hearst grew fond of this site over many childhood family camping trips. He inherited the ranch, which had grown to 250,000 acres and 14 miles of coastline, from his mother Phoebe Hearst in 1919. Although the large ranch had a Victorian mansion, the location selected for Hearst Castle was undeveloped, atop a steep hill whose ascent was a dirt path accessible only by foot or on horseback over five miles of cutbacks.
The original ranch house, constructed by George Hearst in the 1870s, remains a private property maintained by the Hearst Corporation. Hearst and his family occupied Casa Grande for the first time at Christmas, 1925. Thereafter, Milicent Hearst went back to New York, from 1926 until she left with Hearst for the last time in 1947, Heart's mistress Marion Davies acted as his chatelaine at the castle; the Hollywood and politi
For the colloquial use of this term see Fatburger Fatburger Inc. is an American fast casual restaurant chain. Its tagline is The Last Great Hamburger Stand. While it is a fast food restaurant, the food is made to order; some Fatburger restaurants have a liquor license, as well as Fat Bars. Its franchise headquarters are in California. In addition to the United States, the chain operates in 19 other countries; the Fatburger menu is centered on hamburgers, in which it offers patties of varying size, small to large, in varying number patties, along with add-ons such as cheese and eggs. Fatburger was founded by Lovie Yancey in the neighborhood of Exposition Park in Los Angeles, California in 1947, it was named "Mr. Fatburger", until the "Mr." was removed by Yancey in 1952. At that time, she bought out her start-up partners and retained sole ownership of the Fatburger brand until 1990, keeping and operating the original store on Western Avenue along with the La Cienega Boulevard store. Fatburger remained a California based chain until the late 1990s, when it began an expansion in North America.
On August 15, 2003, Fog Cutter Capital Group completed a $7 million investment and financing package for the company. Fatburger operates or franchises over 150 Fatburger restaurants worldwide with over 300 more planned for future development. For several months in 2006, the company was barred from selling additional franchises in California, due to chairperson Wiederhorn's felony convictions. In 1992, Fatburger gained national attention after being referenced in the hit song "It Was a Good Day" by rapper and actor Ice Cube, it was referenced by The Notorious B. I. G. in the song Going Back to Cali. In 2008, Fatburger opened its first restaurant in a sports stadium, the Arizona Diamondbacks' Chase Field. Fatburger opened its first location in Dubai, U. A. E.. There are Fatburger eateries in Beijing, PR China. In January 2013, Fatburger opened its first branch in Pakistan. Owing to the success of the burgers and positive response in Pakistan, Fatburger opened its biggest flagship outlet globally in June 2013 in Lahore.
In July 2015, a branch in Lahore was shut down by authorities due to food safety reasons. Fatburger has locations in five western states in the United States and Canada, new locations in China, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, Indonesia, Iraq India, the United Arab Emirates, Tunisia, Pakistan, Panama, Philippines and Japan. In some locations, menu changes were made to conform to local customs, it will expand into Texas, in cities like Austin, Houston & San Antonio. Former professional basketball player Magic Johnson, through Johnson Development Corporation, was one of the owners of the parent company. Former talk show host Montel Williams co-owns several Fatburger restaurants in Colorado. Bay Area musician E-40 had a stake in the company as a franchise owner, by opening the first San Francisco Bay Area Fatburger restaurant in Pleasant Hill, now closed. Actor and musician Queen Latifah at one point partnered with Fatburger. In 2007, rapper Kanye West's restaurant company, KW Foods LLC, struck a deal to open up to 10 Fatburger restaurants in Chicago.
In 2009, only two locations opened. In February 2011, West shut down the Fatburger located in Orland Park. In 2011 the remaining Beverly location was bought back the company. R&B musician Pharrell, in partnership with Fatburger, opened several Fatburger restaurants in China in 2007 and 2008. List of hamburger restaurants Official website
Pico-Union, Los Angeles
Pico-Union is a neighborhood in Central Los Angeles, California. The name "Pico-Union" refers to the neighborhood that surrounds the intersection of Pico Boulevard and Union Avenue. Located west of Downtown Los Angeles, it is home to over 40,000 residents; the neighborhood contains two historic districts, both listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It has five public schools as well as a public library. Google Maps draws the following boundaries for Pico-Union: Olympic Boulevard on the north, the Harbor Freeway on the east, the Santa Monica Freeway on the south and Hoover St. on the west. According to the Los Angeles Times' Mapping L. A. project, Pico-Union is bounded by Olympic Boulevard on the north, the Harbor Freeway on the east, the Santa Monica Freeway on the south and Normandie Avenue on the west. It includes the California Highway Patrol station beneath the freeway interchange northeast of Washington Boulevard. Pico-Union is flanked by Koreatown and Westlake to the north and northeast, Downtown to the east, Adams-Normandie, University Park and Exposition Park to the south and Harvard Heights to the west.
The area encompassed by Pico-Union was developed as a middle and upper middle class residential district beginning in the 1910s. Easy access to downtown Los Angeles and the nearby Wilshire District drew large numbers of affluent homeowners. Following the Second World War, the Pico-Union area, like many inner city neighborhoods, experienced an outflux of residents to the suburbs; the loss of residents and business led to high vacancy rates and lower property values in much of the neighborhood by the 1960s. In the late 1970s and 1980s, the area became a major point of entry for Salvadoran and Guatemalan immigrants seeking refuge from civil war, according to the Pico Union Self-Guided Walking Tour, published in 2009 by the Los Angeles Conservancy. Pico-Union became the city's 19th Historic Preservation Overlay Zone on August 10, 2004, it contains two historic districts listed in the National Register of Historic Places: South Bonnie Brae Tract Historic District and Alvarado Terrace Historic District.
In August 2012, the City of Los Angeles designated a portion of Vermont Avenue in Pico-Union as El Salvador Community Corridor. The former First Church of Christ, once one of Jim Jones' Peoples Temples, was located in Pico-Union, at the corner of Alvarado Street and Alvarado Terrace. Pico-Union is the fourth-most-crowded neighborhood in Los Angeles, surpassed only by East Hollywood and Koreatown; the 2000 U. S. census counted 42,324 residents in the 1.67-square-miles neighborhood—an average of 25,352 people per square mile. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 44,664; the median age for residents was 27, considered young for the county. The ethnic breakdown in 2000 was: Latinos, 85.4%. El Salvador and Mexico were the most common places of birth for the 64.6% of the residents who were born abroad, a figure, considered high in comparison with foreign-born in the city as a whole. Other immigrants come from Guatemala and Nicaragua; the median household income in 2008 dollars was $26,424, considered low for both the city and the county.
The percentage of households earning $20,000 or less was high, compared to the county at large. The average household size of 3.3 people was high for Los Angeles. Renters occupied 90.5% of the housing units, home- or apartment owners the rest. The percentages of never-married men and never-married women were among the county's highest; the census found 2,113 families headed by single parents, the 23.3% rate being considered high for both the city and the county. In 2000 there were 667 military veterans living in Pico-Union, or 2.3% of the population, considered a low rate for the city and the county overall. These were the ten neighborhoods or cities in Los Angeles County with the highest population densities, according to the 2000 census, with the population per square mile: Pico-Union residents aged 25 and older holding a four-year degree amounted to 6.7% of the population in 2000, considered low for both the city and the county, there was a high percentage of residents with less than a high school diploma.
These are the elementary or secondary schools within the neighborhood's boundaries: West Adams Preparatory High School, LAUSD, 1500 West Washington Boulevard SIATech Pico-Union is a public charter high school, 2140 West Olympic Boulevard suite 327. "Classes are held from 9:00 am - 4:00 pm. This site is an independent study school where students complete work at home, online and on site." Loyola High School of Los Angeles, private, 1901 Venice Boulevard Berendo Middle School, LAUSD, 1157 South Berendo Street, which claims the title as the oldest intermediate school continuously in operation in Los Angeles and in the entire United States Sophia T. Salvin Special Education Center, LAUSD, 1925 Budlong Avenue Leo Politi Elementary School, LAUSD, 2481 West 11th Street Tenth Street Elementary School, LAUSD, 1000 Grattan Street Saint Thomas the Apostle School, private elementary, 2632 West 15th Street Magnolia Avenue Elementary School, LAUSD, 1626 South Orchard Avenue Los Angeles Christian School, private, 1630 West 20th Street Los Angeles Public Library operates the Pico-Union Branch Library at 1030 South Alvarado Street.
Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery was founded as Rosedale Cemetery in 1884, when Los Angeles was a small city of around 28,000 people, on 65 acres of land between Washington and Venice boulevards between Normandie Avenue and Walton and Catalina Streets. Elizabeth Harrower (1918
Nahshon Dion Anderson
Nahshon Dion Anderson is an American trans woman and Louisiana Creole writer. She is a recipient of the Bronx Recognizes Its Own Award, awarded by the Bronx Council on the Arts. Anderson's maternal family, the Smiths and Scotts of Marshall and Longview, have resided in Pasadena since the early 1940s. Anderson was born in Los Angeles County in the Northwest suburb of Altadena and raised as a Jehovah's Witness with Rodney King's family. Anderson attended Marshall Fundamental Secondary School with actresses Lark Vorhees and Tamala Jones as well as actors Jaleel White and Jaharay Benett and Rodney King's sister Ratasha; as a member of her school's drama club, Anderson was invited to view live TV show tapings of various sitcoms at Sony Pictures Studios in Culver City Family Matters. On March 3, 1991, Anderson awoke to an unusual amount of activity and unnerving noise coming from her neighbor Odessa King's home. Anderson learned that her family friend and Odessa's son, Rodney King, had been tortured by several Los Angeles Police Department officers.
During the 1992 Los Angeles Riots, Anderson's paternal grandmother Betty Jean Anderson Fuentes from Opelousas, her neighborhood in the Harvard Heights area of Pico and Western in Los Angeles near Korea Town went up in flames. On August 12, a demolition crew clearing the rubble inside a J. J. Newberry store burned by looters on the first night of the riots discovered a body, which police labeled John Doe #172, and, identified as 20-year Nissar Mustafa. Anderson wrote an essay on community improvement for Discover Card, won $500, used those funds to visit New York with her family during 1993. During 1994, Anderson began working as the titular mascot of Chuck E. Cheese, she was cast in a TV commercial, shot in Pasadena at the Sierra Madre location where she worked. Through the Taft-Hartley Act, she became eligible to join the Screen Actors Guild. Between 1995-1996, Anderson worked at Universal Studios Hollywood during the weekends and attended John Muir High School in Pasadena; the rapper Tupac Shakur attended her prom on June 7th escorting his goddaughter, Anderson's classmate Tashuana Howard, at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles.
Anderson inquired about working in Hollywood, Tupac directed her to contact Look Here Productions, producing his music videos at the time. Upon taking rapper Tupac's advice in the summer of 1996, Anderson began interning at Look Hear Productions with Tracy D. Robinson and Gobi M. Rahimi. While attending California State University Los Angeles for two semesters after reading Black Talent News, at age 19, Anderson started working at The Keenen Ivory Wayans Show as a production assistant in 1997. Within months, Anderson became Executive Producer Michael Davies's personal assistant working at Buena Vista Television, a division of The Walt Disney Company located at Walt Disney Studios in the development department along with executives of The Keenen Ivory Wayans Show Hayma Washington and Shauna Garr. During this time Anderson met and dated Sayyed Yusuf Bey, son of Yusuf Bey and the owner of Quick N Shine Auto Detail, detailing the Wayans Family's cars at the time. Anderson was the production coordinator for hip-hop artists Russell Simmons' One World Music Beat, Naughty by Nature's music video Jamboree, Master P's film, Da Last Don, the documentary 1 More Hit.
In 1999, Anderson joined the Screen Actors Guild, appearing in Diana Krall's music video Let's Face the Music, Arrest & Trial, a Nintendo commercial, with Sheryl Crow at the 26th Annual American Music Awards, did print modeling for PacSun. Anderson was hired by former VIBE writer Brianna Hyneman to assist her at The Source Hip Hop Music Awards 1999. In 2001 she moved to Fort Greene Brooklyn and worked with The Bachelor Pad and Trace on The Black Girls Rock issue at the home of former Goldman Sachs banker Richard Wayner, owned by Spike Lee. After six months in Fort Greene, Anderson returned to California. On July 4, 1997, at 12:50 AM, while Anderson was en route on Crenshaw Boulevard to Long Beach to her boyfriend Pastor Eugene Joshua Simms' home she was assaulted at Jim Thorpe Park in Hawthorne, California. Ricky Laverne Marshall was charged with the assault but found not guilty on all three felony charges. After soliciting clients for over a decade by advertising erotic massages in the LA XPress newspaper and on Craigslist and Backpage and having extreme success, Anderson was inspired to cast a wider spell to entertain and after reading Poets & Writers magazine became aware of Red Umbrella Projects memoir writing workshop for sex workers, funded in part by Poets & Writers.
During 2013, Anderson returned to New York City and started taking writing workshop classes at Red Umbrella Project, Actors Fund of America and the Bronx Writing Center. Anderson's prose revolves around the intersection of violence, ethnicity, class, identity politics in America, more the marginalization and exploitation of persons identifying as gay, bisexual, or transgender. Anderson wrote a short story, Shooting Range, inspired by the assault she endured on July 4, 1997 and her relationship with Sayyed Yusuf Bey. Shooting Range was edited by former VIBE magazine writer Brianna Hyneman, Anderson's colleague since 1999. In the Fall of 2013 through Poets & Writers magazine Anderson discovered the Bronx Council on The Arts Brio grant competition for artists which she entered Shooting Range in and won $3k. In 2016, after applying for the Lambda Literary emerging writers workshop, Anderson was selected to study with Professor Sarah Schulman. For two years, Schulman mentored Anderson on the writing of her 300-page and 21
Los Angeles Historic Preservation Overlay Zone
The Historic Preservation Overlay Zone of the City of Los Angeles in California has been hailed by historic preservation advocates for its pioneering program, which designates not just buildings but entire neighborhoods or districts as worthy of historic preservation. Most of these districts are areas dominated by Victorian and Craftsman single-family houses, but some are predominantly Mission Revival or Spanish Colonial Revival, one is a mid-century modern area; the current HPOZs in Los Angeles, according to the Los Angeles Conservancy, include: Angelino Heights Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Angelino Heights, Echo Park. Balboa Highlands Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Granada Hills, northern San Fernando Valley Banning Park Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Wilmington Carthay Circle Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Carthay Circle Country Club Park Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Country Club Park Gregory Ain Mar Vista Tract Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Mar Vista Hancock Park Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Hancock Park Harvard Heights Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Harvard Heights Highland Park-Garvanza Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Highland Park-Garvanza Hollywood Grove Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Central Los Angeles Jefferson Park Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Jefferson Park Lafayette Square Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Lafayette Square Lincoln Heights East Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Lincoln Heights Melrose Hill Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Melrose Hill Miracle Mile Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Miracle Mile Miracle Mile North Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Miracle Mile North Pico-Union Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Pico-Union South Carthay Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, South Carthay Spaulding Square Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Spaulding Square Stonehurst Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Sun Valley, northeastern San Fernando Valley University Park Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, University Park Van Nuys Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Van Nuys Vinegar Hill Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, San Pedro, California West Adams Terrace Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, West Adams Western Heights Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Western Heights Whitley Heights Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Whitley Heights, Hollywood Wilshire Park Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Wilshire Park Windsor Square Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Windsor Square Windsor Village Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, Windsor Village For detailed articles about districts, see also: Category: Los Angeles Historic Preservation Overlay Zones.
City of Los Angeles: Historic Preservation Overlay Zones Los Angeles Conservancy: City of Los Angeles Historic Preservation Overlay Zones
Western Avenue (Los Angeles)
Western Avenue is a major four-lane street in the city of Los Angeles and through the center portion of Los Angeles County, California. It is one of the longest north–south streets in Los Angeles city and county, apart from Sepulveda Boulevard, it is about 29 miles long. The avenue is known for prostitution between Melrose Avenue and 2nd Street. Western Avenue passes through a large diversity of residential neighborhoods in Los Angeles County. From the south, where it transitions into Paseo Del Mar near White Point and the Pacific Ocean, it begins in San Pedro passes though Rancho Palos Verdes, Harbor City and South Los Angeles, it is the easternmost border of Torrance. Around the Pico Boulevard, Olympic Boulevard, Wilshire Boulevard intersections, Western Avenue passes through Koreatown. Further north, Western Avenue passes through the East Hollywood district. Around the Santa Monica Boulevard, Sunset Boulevard, Hollywood Boulevard intersections, it passes through the East Hollywood neighborhoods of Little Armenia and Thai Town.
The northern terminus of Western is north of Franklin Avenue in the Los Feliz district, at the base of the Hollywood Hills. The road curves east becoming Los Feliz Boulevard, a major east/west thoroughfare through Los Feliz to the Golden State Freeway and from there into the city of Glendale. Another Western Avenue begins north of Griffith Park and is located in the San Fernando Valley area of Glendale, its southwest terminus is nearly due north of where Los Angeles' Western Avenue transitions into Los Feliz Boulevard. California State Route 213 is designated as the portion of Western Avenue from Interstate 405 to 25th Street, in San Pedro. California State Route 258 is designated as the portion of Western Avenue from Interstate 405 to the Hollywood Freeway US 101; the street derives its name from its history as the western–most border of Los Angeles city limits in the 19th century, before annexations in the early 20th century expanded the city westward and onwards. In 1923, Alejandro Borquez opened the Sonora Cafe on Western.
The cafe, which in 1927 changed its name to El Cholo Spanish Cafe, is credited with the invention of the burrito. Western Avenue is served by three metro Los Angeles Metro Rail stations: Hollywood Boulevard on the Red Line Wilshire Boulevard on the Purple Line Exposition Boulevard on the Expo Line Metro Local lines 205 and 207, in addition to Metro Rapid line 757 and Gardena Transit line 2 operate on Western Avenue. Metro local lines 207 and 757 run between Imperial Highway. Gardena Line 2: between Imperial Highway and Pacific Coast Highway Metro line 205 between Pacific Coast Highway and 1st Street in San Pedro. YouTube: Western Avenue Los Angeles