The Harvard–Yenching Institute is an independent foundation dedicated to advancing higher education in Asia in the humanities and social sciences, with special attention to the study of Asian culture. It traditionally had close ties to Harvard University and the now-defunct Yenching University, its offices are located on the Harvard campus in Cambridge, but it is not part of Harvard; the Harvard–Yenching Institute was founded in 1928 by Yenching University President John Leighton Stuart with funding provided from the estate of Charles Martin Hall, the inventor of a process for refining aluminum and the founder of the Aluminum Company of America. Although the Institute has close ties with Harvard University, it is a and fiscally independent public charitable trust. Mr. Hall’s charge to the trustees of his estate was to promote higher education in Asia and to that end the trustees of his estate partnered with Harvard University in order to fulfill the Harvard–Yenching Institute’s mission as stated in its Articles of Incorporation: to conduct and provide research and publication in the culture of China and/or elsewhere in Continental Asia and Japan and/or Turkey and the Balkan States in Europe, by founding, supporting, maintaining and/or conducting one or more educational institutions and/or by supporting in whole or in part, co-operating with or joining or affiliating with other institutions now in existence or hereafter formed...
In the 1930s, the Institute supported the development of what became the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at Harvard and founded the Harvard-Yenching Library as well as the Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. During the 1930s and 40s, the Institute provided direct support to Yenching University in Peiping, because of its focus on the humanities, along with five other colleges in China, University of Nanking, Fukien Christian University, Lingnan University, Cheeloo University and West China Union University, Allahabad Agricultural Institute in India. Since the 1950s, the Institute’s core activity has been to offer fellowships for overseas study and research to younger doctoral and post-doctoral scholars at leading East and Southeast Asian universities in all fields of the humanities and social sciences. Although the Institute has a special commitment to promoting the study of Asian culture, its support is not limited to that field. To date over 1000 faculty from Asia have received Institute fellowships and over 300 doctoral students have received their degrees with Institute support.
In addition to providing fellowships, the Institute supports publications through Harvard’s Monograph Series as well as overseas publications in Chinese and Vietnamese, conferences and training programs. The Harvard–Yenching Institute has a nine-member Board of Directors, consisting of three each representing Harvard University and the United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia, three independent members with significant experience in Asia. In addition, a HYI Faculty Advisory Committee functions as an informal advisory group to the Director, offering general advice on Institute operations and academic directions. In its 80 years, the Harvard–Yenching Institute has had seven directors, each a member of the faculty of Harvard University: Serge Elisséeff Edwin O. Reischauer Glen Baxter, Acting Director John Pelzel Albert M. Craig Patrick Hanan Tu Wei-ming Elizabeth J. Perry The Harvard–Yenching Institute has several fellowship programs that bring scholars from Asia to conduct research at Harvard University, to participate in special training programs, or to attend graduate school at Harvard University as well as other universities in the U.
S. and abroad. The fellowship programs include: Associate Program Coordinate Research Program NUS-HYI Joint Scholarship Regional Studies - East Asia Program Training Programs Visiting Scholars Program Visiting Fellows Program Harvard-Yenching Institute
Harvard Crimson baseball
The Harvard Crimson baseball team is the varsity intercollegiate baseball team of Harvard University, located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The program has been a member of the Ivy League since the conference began sponsoring baseball at the start of the 1993 season; the team plays at Joseph J. O'Donnell Field, located across the Charles River from Harvard's main campus. Bill Decker has been the program's head coach since the 2013 season; the program has appeared in four 14 NCAA Tournaments. It has won five Ivy League Championship Series, eight Rolfe Division titles, 15 EIBL regular season titles, 12 Ivy League regular season titles; as of the start of the 2014 Major League Baseball season, 12 former Crimson players have appeared in Major League Baseball. Harvard College's first season of baseball came in 1865, it played five against semi-professional teams. Organized baseball at the college had begun a few years earlier, when "class nines" were first fielded. Despite these early years of competition, 1865 was the school's first varsity intercollegiate season.
Along with rowing, baseball was popular at Harvard in the late 19th century. A newspaper review of the 1871 book Four Years at Yale says that the book includes "interesting accounts of the sports common in colleges baseball and rowing, the principal matches which have taken place between Harvard and Yale." An 1884 edition of the Washington Bee reprinted a Lowell Courier humor section piece that reads, "Sixty Harvard freshman have dropped their Latin, eighty their Greek and 100 their mathematics. None of them have dropped their baseball or their boating and college culture is still safe."In a game against a semi-professional team from Lynn on April 12, 1877, Harvard catcher Jim Tyng became the first baseball player to use a catcher's mask. The mask was invented by another student, Frederick Thayer, manufactured by a Cambridge tinsmith. Tyng became the first Harvard player to appear in Major League Baseball when he played in a September 23, 1879, game for the Boston Red Caps. In the 1870s and 1880s, Harvard was a member of two loosely organized forerunners of the Ivy League.
The Intercollegiate Base Ball Association, which it played in from 1879 to 1886, included Yale, Dartmouth and Amherst. The College Baseball League, which it played in from 1887 to 1889, featured Yale and Columbia; the school continued to field a varsity baseball team through the end of the 19th century. It played both fall and spring regular season games in its early years, but moved to a spring-only schedule after the 1885–1886 season; the program's highest 19th-century win total was 34, a mark it reached in both 1870 and 1892. Through the end of the 1899 season, the program played without a head coach and was instead led by its captains. Two important changes to the program occurred near the end of the 19th century– at the start of the 1898 season, Harvard began playing home games at Soldier's Field, at the start of the 1900 season, it hired E. H. Nichols as its first head coach; the program went.500 or better in 15 of the 17 seasons from 1900 to 1916. Its highest win total in that stretch, 23, came in 1915 under head coach Percy Haughton.
Two head coaches served four-season tenures during the time period. L. P. Pieper coached from 1907 to 1910. Frank Sexton coached for four seasons. In the early 20th century, Harvard held tryouts in the spring, to select the members of the team from the student body. To start the regular season, the team traveled to the Southern United States to play games in warm weather, a practice that began in 1898. Up until the start of World War I, its scheduled included professional and semi-professional teams, in addition to collegiate teams. Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young a member of the Boston Americans, served as the team's pitching coach for a brief time in 1902. Another future Hall of Famer, Willie Keeler of the Brooklyn Superbas, served alongside Young as the team's hitting coach. William Clarence Matthews was Harvard's shortstop from 1902 to 1905. Matthews was black. A handful of black students graduated from Harvard around that time, but Matthews one of only a few black players in major college athletics during an era in which baseball was divided by the color line.
Harvard went 75–18 during Matthews's career. As a freshman, he scored the winning run in Harvard's 6–5 win in the decisive game of the Yale series. Matthews faced racial discrimination while a member of the team. During his freshman season, he was held out of games against Navy and Virginia due to their objections to Harvard's fielding a black player. In 1903, the following year, Harvard canceled its annual southern trip when it faced similar objections. After Harvard, Matthews went on to a career in law; the trophy given to the Ivy League's baseball champion is named for Matthews. He was inducted into the College Baseball Hall of Fame in 2014; the 1917 season was canceled because of World War I, but the program resumed play in 1918. Through the 1932 season, the program competed as an independent school. For the 1933 season, Harvard joined the Eastern Intercollegiate Baseball League, formed by several Ivy League schools for the star
Harvard College is the undergraduate liberal arts college of Harvard University. Founded in 1636 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, it is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and one of the most prestigious in the world; the school came into existence in 1636 by vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony—though without a single building, instructor, or student. In 1638, the college became home for North America's first known printing press, carried by the ship John of London. Three years the college was renamed in honor of deceased Charlestown minister John Harvard who had bequeathed to the school his entire library and half of his monetary estate. Harvard's first instructor was schoolmaster Nathaniel Eaton; the school's first students were graduated in 1642. In 1665, Caleb Cheeshahteaumuck "from the Wampanoag … did graduate from Harvard, the first Indian to do so in the colonial period."The colleges of England's Oxford and Cambridge Universities are communities within the larger university, each an association of scholars sharing room and board.
Harvard's founders may have envisioned it as the first in a series of sibling colleges on the English model which would constitute a university—though no further colleges materialized in colonial times. The Indian College was active from 1640 to no than 1693, but it was a minor addition not operated in federation with Harvard according to the English model. Harvard began granting higher degrees in the late eighteenth century, it was styled Harvard University as Harvard College was thought of as the university's undergraduate division in particular. Today Harvard College is responsible for undergraduate admissions, housing, student life, athletics – all undergraduate matters except instruction, the purview of Harvard University's Faculty of Arts and Sciences; the body known as The President and Fellows of Harvard College retains its traditional name despite having governance of the entire University. Radcliffe College paid Harvard faculty to repeat their lectures for women students. Since the 1970s, Harvard has been responsible for undergraduate governance matters for women.
About 2,000 students are admitted each year, representing between five and ten percent of those applying. Few transfers are accepted. Midway through the second year, most undergraduates join one of fifty standard fields of concentration. Joint concentrations and special concentrations are possible. Most Harvard College concentrations lead to the Artium Baccalaureus completed in four years, though students leaving high school with substantial college-level coursework may finish in three. A smaller number receive the Scientiarum Baccalaureus. There are special degree programs, such as a five-year program leading to both a Harvard undergraduate degree and a Master of Arts from the New England Conservatory of Music. Undergraduates must fulfill the general education requirement of coursework in eight designated fields: Aesthetic and Interpretive Understanding Culture and Belief Empirical and Mathematical Reasoning Ethical Reasoning Science of Living Systems Science of the Physical Universe Societies of the World United States in the WorldEach student's exposure to a range of intellectual areas, while pursuing a chosen concentration in depth, fulfills the injunction of Harvard past-president Abbott Lawrence Lowell that liberal education should produce "men who know a little of everything and something well."In 2012, dozens of students were disciplined for cheating on a take-home exam in one course.
The university instituted an honor code beginning in the fall of 2015. The total annual cost of attendance, including tuition and room and board, for 2018–2019 was $67,580. Under financial aid guidelines adopted in 2012, families with incomes below $65,000 no longer pay anything for their children to attend, including room and board. Families with incomes between $65,000 to $150,000 pay no more than 10 percent of their annual income. In 2009, Harvard offered grants totaling $414 million across all eleven divisions. Grants total 88 percent of Harvard's aid for undergraduate students, with aid provided by loans and work-study. Nearly all undergraduates live on campus, for the first year in dormitories in or near Harvard Yard and in the upperclass houses—administrative subdivisions of the college as well as living quarters, providing a sense of community in what might otherwise be a incohesive and administratively daunting university environment; each house is presided over by a senior-faculty dean, while its Allston Burr Resident Dean—usually a junior faculty member—supervises undergraduates' day-to-day academic and disciplinary well-being.
The faculty dean and resident dean are assisted by other members of the Senior Common Room—select graduate students and university officials brought into voluntary association with each house. Many tutors reside in the house, as do the faculty resident dean. Terms like tutor, Senior Common Room, Junior Common Room reflect
The Harvard Crimson are the athletic teams of Harvard University. The school's teams compete in NCAA Division I; as of 2013, there were 42 Division I intercollegiate varsity sports teams for women and men at Harvard, more than at any other NCAA Division I college in the country. Like the other Ivy League universities, Harvard does not offer athletic scholarships. Harvard's baseball program began competing in the 1865 season, it has appeared in four College World Series. It plays at Joseph J. O'Donnell Field and is coached by Bill Decker. Harvard Crimson men's basketball program represents intercollegiate men's basketball at Harvard University; the team competes in the Ivy League in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association and play home games at the Lavietes Pavilion in Boston, Massachusetts. The team's last appearance in the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament was in 2014, where they beat Cincinnati in the Round of 64 in a 12 vs. 5 seed upset. The Crimson are coached by Tommy Amaker.
Harvard Crimson women's basketball program represents intercollegiate men's basketball at Harvard University. The team competes in the Ivy League in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association and play home games at the Lavietes Pavilion in Boston, Massachusetts; the team's last appearance in the NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament was in 2007. See footnote. See also: College rowing and Intercollegiate sports team champions#RowingECAC Rowing Trophy: 2002, 2004 The fencing team won the 2006 NCAA team championship in men's and women's combined fencing. Representing Harvard Crimson, Benjamin Ungar won Gold in the 2006 Individual Men's Épée event at the NCAA Fencing Championship, was named Harvard Athlete of The Year. See: Harvard Crimson football and Harvard StadiumThe football team has competed since 1873, they have won ten national championships when the school competed in what is now known as the FBS. They are best known for their rivalry with Yale, known as "The Game".
Sixteen former players have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. Harvard's athletic rivalry with Yale is intense in every sport in which they meet, coming to a climax each fall in their annual football meeting, which dates back to 1875. While Harvard's football team is no longer one of the country's best as it was a century ago during football's early days, both it and Yale have influenced the way the game is played. In 1903, Harvard Stadium introduced a new era into football with the first-ever permanent reinforced concrete stadium of its kind in the country; the stadium's structure played a role in the evolution of the college game. Seeking to reduce the alarming number of deaths and serious injuries in the sport, the Father of Football, Walter Camp, suggested widening the field to open up the game, but the state-of-the-art Harvard Stadium was too narrow to accommodate a wider playing surface. So, other steps had to be taken. Camp would instead support revolutionary new rules for the 1906 season.
These included legalizing the forward pass the most significant rule change in the sport's history. In both 1919 and 1920, headed by All-American brothers Arnold Horween and Ralph Horween, Harvard was undefeated; the team won the 1920 Rose Bowl against the University of Oregon, 7–6. It was the only bowl appearance in Harvard history. Harvard has won six national collegiate team championships: 1898, 1899, 1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, they have crowned eight individual national champions: James Curtis, Halstead Lindsley, Chandler Egan, A. L. White, H. H. Wilder, F. C. Davison, Edward Allis, J. W. Hubbell, they won the inaugural Ivy League championship in their only league championship. The men's ice hockey team is one of the oldest intercollegiate ice hockey teams in the United States, having played their first game on January 19, 1898 in a 0–6 loss to Brown. Former head coach William H. Claflin and former captain George Owen are credited with the first use of line change in a game against Yale on March 3, 1923 when the Crimson substituted entire forward lines instead of individuals.
The men's ice hockey team won the NCAA Division I Championship on April 1, 1989, defeating the Minnesota Golden Gophers 4-3 in overtime. The Cleary Cup, awarded to the ECAC regular-season champion, is named for former Harvard All-American hockey player and athletic director Bill Cleary, a member of the U. S. hockey team. The team competes in ECAC Hockey along with five other Ivy League schools and is coached by Harvard alumnus and former NHL forward, Ted Donato. Harvard competes in one of the most heated rivalries of college hockey at least twice each season against Harvard's archrival, the Cornell Big Red, in installments of the Cornell-Harvard hockey rivalry. Cornell and Harvard are the most storied programs in the ECAC. 1-time NCAA men's champions: 1989 10-time ECAC men's champions: 1963, 1971, 1983, 1987, 1994, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2015, 2017 11-time ECAC men's regular-season champions: 1963, 1973*, 1975, 1986, 1987, 1988*, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2017* See the "Harvard Crimson ice hockey" navigation box at the bottom of the page.1-time women's national champions 6-time ECAC women's champions 6-time ECAC women's regular-season champions Older than The Game by 23 years, the Harvard–Yale Regatta was the original source of the athletic rivalry between the
The Harvard Library system comprises about 76 libraries, with more than 18 million volumes. It is the oldest library system in the United States and the largest university library and largest private library system in the world. Based on number of items held, it is the fifth largest library in the United States. Harvard's library system grew due to donations from prominent individuals, John Harvard being one of them. John Harvard was a Puritan minister; these volumes were left to Harvard. The works in this collection soon became obsolete, as Harvard Library changed to an academic institute and found little need for the theological titles; the location of the library changed over time. It was in the Old College building. In 1676, the library was moved to Harvard Hall, where it remained until the building burnt down during the fire in 1764; the fire of 1764 destroyed the entire collection. After, a new Harvard Hall was built and 15,000 books were collected to create the new library; as time went on space became limited in Harvard Hall, the library was moved to Gore Hall in 1841.
Gore Hall was no longer suitable and the books were moved elsewhere in 1912. Around this time, the library spread into more than one building; some of the libraries were devoted to specialized topics. Over the next century the library grew to become the largest in America, but on January 24, 1764, a major fire destroyed all of Harvard's books and scientific instruments. All of the books in the library at the time of the fire were burned; the books, loaned out when the fire occurred were the only portion of the collection that remained. Books and donations were offered by friends of the college to replace its collections. An eccentric Englishman, Thomas Hollis V of Lincoln's Inn, began shipping thousands of specially chosen volumes to the University Library. Hollis continued to send books until his death in 1774 and he bequeathed £500 for a fund to continue buying books; this became Harvard's first endowed book fund, is still increasing the collections every year. Harvard Library's online catalog, HOLLIS, is named after him.
Some of the books have been digitized within the Google Books Library Project, begun as a project developed with leadership and oversight by former Director Sidney Verba. On August 1, 2012, a new Harvard Library organization began operations, designed to improve a fragmented system of 73 libraries across Harvard's Schools with one that promotes University-wide collaboration. Functions that occur within all libraries—Access Services, Technical Services and Preservation Services—were unified to enable greater focus on the needs of the user community; the new structure was developed from recommendations of the Task Force on University Libraries and the Library Implementation Working Group. By 1973, the Harvard Library had authored or published over 430 volumes in print, as well as nine periodicals and seven annual publications. Among these is a monthly newsletter, The Harvard Librarian, as well as a quarterly journal, the Harvard Library Bulletin; the latter was established in 1947, was dormant from 1960 until being revived in 1967.
The Harvard Library is the formal name for an administrative entity within the central administration of the University that has responsibility for central library services and policy. As of August 2013, Sarah Thomas is the current vice president for the Harvard Library and the Roy E. Larsen Librarian of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences; the Harvard Library consists of: Access Services connects the academic community to the vast array of library resources. Information and Technical Services is responsible for acquiring and providing access to tangible and online collections in all formats. Preservation and Digital Imaging Services is committed to ensuring that library materials remain secure and usable for contemporary and future scholars by conserving materials, digitizing collections, preserving library content in digital formats and providing robust education and outreach programs; the Harvard University Archives is the institutional archives of the University. It oversees the University's permanent records, collects Harvard-related manuscripts and historical materials, supervises records management across the University.
Finance supports the Library by providing accurate information that assists decision-making, maintaining the integrity of finance systems and completing financial transactions. Program Management ensures that potential projects and approved projects are managed in a considered and transparent way; the Office for Scholarly Communication provides for open access to works of scholarship produced by the Harvard community. Visiting Committee members are Harvard alumni who are appointed by the Corporation; the Committee oversees the strategy and administration of the Harvard Library on behalf of the Overseers. Bi-annual visits and regular updates by the Office of the Provost provide an opportunity for Visiting Committee members to understand and advise on the Harvard Library's progress; the Library Board is charged with reviewing the strategic plans of the Harvard Library and assessing its progress in meeting those plans, reviewing system-wide policies and standards and overseeing the progress of the central services.
The provost chairs the Library Board (establis
Eliot House (Harvard College)
Eliot House is one of twelve undergraduate residential Houses at Harvard University. It is one of the seven original houses at the College. Opened in 1931, the house was named after Charles William Eliot, who served as president of the university for forty years. Before Harvard opted to use a lottery system to assign residences to upperclassmen, Eliot was known as a'prep' house, providing accommodation to the university's social elite, being known as "more Harvard than Harvard". Describing Eliot House in the late 1950s and early 1960s, author Alston Chase wrote, "lthough most Harvard houses in those days reflected the values of Boston Brahmin society... Eliot was more extreme"; the motto'Floreat Domus de Eliot' and'Domus' are traditional chants and greetings on Housing Day, when freshman find out their housing assignments. Some traditions of Eliot House are the charity event An Evening with Champions, the Eliot Boat Club, formal dinners such as the Charles Eliot Dinner, a strong sense of house pride, the annual Spring Fete.
Eliot's prominent belltower is featured including two screen shots in Old School. Eliot House is featured prominently in Love Story and The Social Network. Notable former residents of the house include: James Agee Leonard Bernstein Benazir Bhutto Ben Bradlee Archibald Cox John Harbison Rashida Jones Eduardo Saverin Ted Kaczynski Jack Lemmon Thomas Oliphant George Plimpton and Jay RockefellerIn 1951, roommates of Eliot House A-12 included Paul Matisse, grandson of French impressionist Henri Matisse, Stephen Joyce, grandson of novelist James Joyce, Sadruddin Aga Khan, lineal descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad; this caused master John Finley to brag to The New York Times, "where else would you find, in one room, the grandson of Matisse, the grandson of Joyce, the great-great-great-great-grandson of God?" Eliot House official site
Pforzheimer House, nicknamed PfoHo, is one of twelve undergraduate residential Houses at Harvard University. It was named in 1995 for Carol K. and Carl H. Pforzheimer, Jr. major University and Radcliffe College benefactors, their family. Located in the Radcliffe Quadrangle, PfoHo comprises Ada Louise Comstock, Daniel Henry Holmes, Mary Buckminster Moors, Wolbach Halls, in addition to Faculty Row and the Jordan North and South buildings. PfoHo's shield features crimson squares on a crimson and black field; the current Faculty Deans are her husband, John Durant. Radcliffe College students first took up residence on campus in 1901, the oldest parts of PfoHo date to that year. Moors opened in time for the 1949-1950 academic year, the year plans. Construction of Comstock began in 1957; the Jordans, two separate buildings located at the corner of Walker and Shepard Streets, began as an experiment in cooperative living in 1961. They became used as overflow housing in 1985, although one building persisted as a co-op until at least until 1997.
Wolbach an apartment building, was purchased by Radcliffe in 1964. The name "North House" first appeared in 1961 and consisted of Comstock and Holmes. Wolbach did not yet belong to Radcliffe at this point; the Jordans were assigned to the no-longer-extant East House. In the fall of 1970 Professor Edward L. Keenan and his wife Joan became the first masters of North house, they moved into the newly constructed masters residence at 46 Linnaean Street. The townhouses of Faculty Row along Linnaean were completed in 1970 and were affiliated with the House. Male students were first assigned to North House in the fall of 1970, when Harvard and Radcliffe entered an agreement allowing students from the respective colleges to live in dormitories at the other institution. House Master and Co-Master Woody and Hanna Hastings began their term in 1975, they attempted to cultivate house spirit by interconnecting the buildings. Woody Hastings remarked, "Any student in North House ought to be able to get from any place in the House to any other place in the House in his PJs - or less."
Accordingly, when plans were drawn up for a major renovation in the mid-1980s, the Hastings rejected an early proposal that would have segmented the house into disconnected vertical "entryways", opting instead for a plan that connected "the bricks" to one another more and in the process allowed the construction of the Holmes junior common room, the PfoHo Grille, the Comstock Library, the centralized balconied dining hall. The duplex suites on the top floors of "the bricks" were created during this renovation; until a major renovation in 2002, Wolbach Hall consisted of one and two bedroom apartments, complete with kitchens. Renovations to Wolbach were done in order to increase the number of students housed in the dorm and to provide suites on campus accessible and appropriate to disabled persons. A breezeway connecting Wolbach to Moors, long advocated by Hastings, was constructed in 2002. In 1995, North House was renamed Pforzheimer House; this caused consternation at first since the Pforzheimers were known as major Harvard University donors and there was a widespread sense that naming rights to the building had been sold off.
A Boston Globe columnist referred to "the Pforzheimer House flap," saying that "Harvard renamed the Radcliffe-owned house after a loyal donor without consulting Wilson & Co." The Harvard Noteables wrote five song parodies lamenting the name change. North House Masters J. Woodland Hastings and Hanna Hastings said they were "thrilled!" with the new name and Hanna was quoted as saying "It's just what we've been asking for. We wanted to be more than a direction." Pretty students grew used to the new name. The letters f or ph were replaced by pF in House-related words, hence Pformal, PfoHo Pfora, Pfreshman Welcome. In 1996, the House welcomed the McCarthys, to go with its new name. A central common room in Moors was named for the Hastings upon their retirement; that same year, The New York Times noted that, "many black and Hispanic students lived in the Radcliffe quadrangle, in the Pforzheimer House", while the Boston Globe observed that "Pforzheimer North House, evolved into a base for black student activism and a mecca for premeds" and observed that "the distinct cultures" of the residence halls was about to be broken up by the then-new policy of assigning students randomly to residence halls.
Thirteen members of the Pforzheimer family have attended Harvard and Radcliffe over four generations. They are regarded as philanthropic leaders and involved alumni, with both Carl H. Pforzheimer, Jr. and Carl H. Pforzheimer III serving as president of the HAA, along with Carol Koehler Pforzheimer and Nancy Pforzheimer Aronson, they worked on numerous graduate school and Radcliffe committees. In addition, the Pforzheimers were the first Harvard–Radcliffe couple to win Harvard Medals for their service to the University. In October 1999, Adams House began enforcing a long-standing policy of closing its dining hall to non-residents during peak hours, a policy inconvenient to Pforzheimer House residents, who live farthest from the main class buildings at Harvard Yard. Adams House residents unable to find a seat at lunch, enacted a series of measures designed to keep members of other houses out; the most infamous of these actions was "The No Interhouse Gong Show" wherein members