Progressive rock is a broad subgenre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and United States throughout the mid to late 1960s. Prog is based on fusions of styles and genres, Prog saw a high level of popularity in the early-to-mid 1970s, but faded soon after. Conventional wisdom holds that the rise of rock caused this. Music critics, who labelled the concepts as pretentious and the sounds as pompous and overblown. Early groups who exhibited progressive features are described as proto-prog. In 1967, progressive rock constituted a diversity of loosely associated style codes, the Canterbury scene, originating in the late 1960s, denoted a subset of prog bands who emphasised the use of wind instruments, complex chord changes and long improvisations. Rock in Opposition, from the late 1970s, was more avant-garde, in the 1980s, a new subgenre, neo-progressive rock, enjoyed some commercial success, although it was accused of being derivative and lacking in innovation. Post-progressive draws upon newer developments in music and the avant-garde since the mid 1970s.
The term progressive rock is synonymous with art rock, classical rock, art rock has been used to describe at least two related, but distinct, types of rock music. Similarities between the two terms are that they describe a mostly British attempt to elevate rock music to new levels of artistic credibility. However, art rock is likely to have experimental or avant-garde influences. Prog was devised in the 1990s as a term, but became a transferable adjective. Although a unidirectional English progressive style emerged in the late 1960s, by 1967, critics of the genre often limit its scope to a stereotype of long solos, overlong albums, fantasy lyrics, grandiose stage sets and costumes, and an obsessive dedication to technical skill. Author Kevin Holm-Hudson believes that rock is a style far more diverse than what is heard from its mainstream groups. They each do so largely unconsciously, academic John S. Cotner contests Macans view that progressive rock cannot exist without the continuous and overt assimilation of classical music into rock.
Debate about the criteria and scope of the genre continues in the 2010s. In early references to the music, progressive was partly related to progressive politics, Cotner says that progressive rock incorporates both formal and eclectic elements, It consists of a combination of factors – some of them intramusical, others extramusical or social. One way of conceptualising rock and roll in relation to music is that progressive music pushed the genre into greater complexity while retracing the roots of romantic
Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating back to the early 1950s in the United States, especially the South. As a genre it blends the sound of Western musical styles such as country with that of rhythm and blues, leading to what is considered classic rock, some have described it as a blend of bluegrass with rock and roll. The term rockabilly itself is a portmanteau of rock and hillbilly, other important influences on rockabilly include western swing, boogie woogie, jump blues, and electric blues. An interest in the genre endures even in the 21st century, Rockabilly has left a legacy, spawning a variety of sub-styles and influencing other genres such as punk rock. There was a relationship between blues and country music from the very earliest country recordings in the 1920s. The first nationwide country hit was Wreck of the Old 97, backed with Lonesome Road Blues, during the 1930s and 1940s, two new sounds emerged. Recordings of Willss from the mid 1940s to the early 1950s include two beat jazz rhythms, jazz choruses, and guitar work that preceded early rockabilly recordings, wills is quoted as saying Rock and Roll.
Why, thats the kind of music weve been playin since 1928. But its just basic rhythm and has gone by a lot of different names in my time and its the same, whether you just follow a drum beat like in Africa or surround it with a lot of instruments. The Maddox Brothers and Rose were at the edge of rockabilly with the slapped bass that Fred Maddox had developed. Maddox said, Youve got to have somethin they can tap their foot, or dance to, after World War II the band shifted into higher gear leaning more toward a whimsical honky-tonk feel, with a heavy, manic bottom end - the slap bass of Fred Maddox. They played hillbilly music but it sounded real hot and they played real loud for that time, too. The Maddoxes were known for their antics and stuff. I mean it just wasnt us up there pickin and singing, there was something going on all the time. The demonstrative Maddoxes, helped release white bodies from traditional motions of decorum and more younger white artists began to behave on stage like the lively Maddoxes.
Others believe that they were not only at the leading edge, Bill Monroe is known as the Father of Bluegrass, a specific style of country music. Many of his songs were in form, while others took the form of folk ballads, parlor songs. Bluegrass was a staple of music in the early 1950s
Capitol Music Group
Capitol Music Group is an American front line umbrella label owned by the Universal Music Group. It oversees handling of record labels assigned to UMGs Capitol Records division and were inherited from its acquisition of EMIs catalog and it is one of five umbrella labels owned by UMG, with the other four being Interscope Geffen A&M, Island Records, Def Jam Recordings and Republic Records. Capitol Music Group was formed in February 2007 as a merger of Capitol Records and Virgin Records America in an effort by EMI to restructure, both Virgin Records and Capitol Records, remain imprints of the label. Virgin Records CEO Jason Flom was named the head of the division, as the head of the label, Flom reports directly to EMI Group CEO Eric Nicoli. A total of 283 artists signed to Capitol Music Group, including Mims, LeToya Luckett, J. Holiday, Royal Bliss, Mack 10, Faith Evans, Fat Joe and since 2007, Katy Perry and Rucka Rucka Ali. In 2014 both Morrissey and Neil Diamond were confirmed to have signed with Capitol Records, Morrissey having signed a two album deal, the latter was given to Parlophone as a result of that labels sale to Warner Music.
In November 2012, it was announced that Steve Barnett would become Chairman, with EMIs absorption into Universal Music Group complete, the Capitol Music Group is now part of UMGs five label units in the UK. The Beatles have been confirmed to appear on Capitol UK, in April 2013, Robbie McIntosh was named head of Capitols international operations
Little River Band
Little River Band are a rock band originally formed in Melbourne, Australia, in March 1975. The band achieved success, not only in Australia but in the United States. Nine singles appeared in the top 20 on the singles chart. Ten singles reached the top 20 on the Billboard Hot 100 with Reminiscing their highest peaking at No.3, only First Under the Wire appeared in the top 10 albums on the Billboard 200. Early members were Beeb Birtles, Ric Formosa, Graeham Goble, Roger McLachlan, Derek Pellicci, most of the groups 1970s and 1980s material was written by Goble and/or Shorrock, with contributions from Birtles, David Briggs and Pellicci. Little River Band have received many awards in Australia. In May 2001 the Australasian Performing Right Association, as part of its 75th anniversary celebrations, named Cool Change, written by Shorrock, Little River Band have undergone numerous personnel changes, with over 30 members since their formation. None of the musicians now performing as Little River Band are original members, in the 1980s members included John Farnham, David Hirschfelder, Stephen Housden, Wayne Nelson and Steve Prestwich.
Currently the line-up is Nelson with Rich Herring, Greg Hind, Chris Marion, Two former members have died, Barry Sullivan in October 2003 and Steve Prestwich in January 2011. Upon formation they were an Australian super group with Birtles, Pellicci, Birtles had been the bass guitarist in the 1960s pop-rock band Zoot. During 1971–72 the original members of Mississippi recorded as a band under the pseudonym Drummond. They achieved a hit, for eight consecutive weeks, on the Go-Set National Top 40. Shorrock had been the singer of a 1960s pop band, the Twilights. Both Axiom and Mississippi had tried to break into the United Kingdom record market without success, Axiom disbanded after moving to the UK, and Shorrock sang for a short period with a more progressive rock outfit, Esperanto. In 1974 Birtles, Goble and Shorrock met in London with Glenn Wheatley, with Wheatley as manager, they agreed to reconvene in Melbourne in early 1975. Due to the indifferent reception they had received in the UK. After their return to Australia, the members began rehearsing in February 1975, I booked the Golfview Hotel in Geelong for the Saturday night of 1 March 1975.
While travelling to the venue down the Geelong Road from Melbourne, from the back of the truck Glenn Shorrock shouted, What about the Little River Band
Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London. They achieved international acclaim with their progressive and psychedelic music, Pink Floyd were founded in 1965 by students Syd Barrett on guitar and lead vocals, Nick Mason on drums, Roger Waters on bass and vocals, and Richard Wright on keyboards and vocals. Guitarist David Gilmour joined in December 1967, Barrett left in April 1968 due to deteriorating mental health. Waters became the primary lyricist and conceptual leader, devising the concepts behind their albums The Dark Side of the Moon, Wish You Were Here, The Wall. The Dark Side of the Moon and The Wall became two of the albums of all time. Following creative tensions, Wright left Pink Floyd in 1979, followed by Waters in 1985, Gilmour and Mason continued as Pink Floyd, Wright rejoined them as a session musician and, later, a band member. The three produced two more albums—A Momentary Lapse of Reason and The Division Bell —and toured through 1994, Barrett died in 2006, and Wright in 2008.
The final Pink Floyd studio album, The Endless River, was recorded without Waters, Pink Floyd were inducted into the American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996 and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. By 2013, the band had more than 250 million records worldwide. Roger Waters met Nick Mason while they were both studying architecture at the London Polytechnic at Regent Street and they first played music together in a group formed by Keith Noble and Clive Metcalfe with Nobles sister Sheilagh. Richard Wright, an architecture student, joined that year. Waters played lead guitar, Mason drums, and Wright rhythm guitar, the band performed at private functions and rehearsed in a tearoom in the basement of the Regent Street Polytechnic. They performed songs by the Searchers and material written by their manager and songwriter, Mason moved out after the 1964 academic year, and guitarist Bob Klose moved in during September 1964, prompting Waters switch to bass. Sigma 6 went through several names, including the Meggadeaths, the Abdabs and the Screaming Abdabs, Leonards Lodgers, in 1964, as Metcalfe and Noble left to form their own band, guitarist Syd Barrett joined Klose and Waters at Stanhope Gardens.
Barrett, two younger, had moved to London in 1962 to study at the Camberwell College of Arts. Waters and Barrett were childhood friends, Waters had often visited Barrett and Metcalfe left the Tea Set in late 1963, and Klose introduced the band to singer Chris Dennis, a technician with the Royal Air Force. In December 1964, they secured their first recording time, at a studio in West Hampstead, through one of Wrights friends, who was taking a break from his studies, did not participate in the session. When the RAF assigned Dennis a post in Bahrain in early 1965, that year, they became the resident band at the Countdown Club near Kensington High Street in London, where from late night until early morning they played three sets of 90 minutes each
Warren Smith (singer)
Warren Smith was an American rockabilly and country music singer and guitarist. Smith was born in Humphreys County, Mississippi, to Iola and Willie Warren Smith and he was raised by his maternal grandparents in Louise, where they had a small farm and dry goods store. Smith took up the guitar to while away his evenings while in the United States Air Force stationed in San Antonio, by the time of his discharge from the service, he had decided to make a career of music. He moved to West Memphis and auditioned, successfully, to play the Cotton Club, Phillips liked what he heard, and decided that Rock & Roll Ruby, a song credited to Johnny Cash, would be Smiths first record. Smith recorded it on February 5,1956, who was hedging his bets over whether rock and roll would maintain its popularity, released that record with a country crooner, aptly named Id Rather Be Safe Than Sorry, on the flip side. By May 26, Rock & Roll Ruby had hit No.1 on the pop charts. Smiths first record for Sun went on to outsell the first Sun releases by Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, in August 1956, Smith went back to the Sun Records studio to record his second release, Ubangi Stomp.
This infectious rocker had an incorrect lyric including an African chief with the syntax of a movie Indian, for the B side, Smith recorded the classic ballad Black Jack David. This song, which originated in early 18th-century Britain and survived in various forms in the mountains of the American south, may be the oldest song ever recorded by a rock, although a resounding artistic success, it did not sell as well as Smiths debut. In 1957, Smith recorded So Long, Im Gone, a written by Roy Orbison. But Sun had no cash to promote it at the time as Sam Phillips put every dollar Sun had behind Jerry Lee Lewis Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On. Although Smith continued to make records for Sun, including a cover version of Slim Harpos Got Love If Your Want It. Toward the end of 1958, seeing his future in music, cut a final record for Sun. In spite of a review in Billboard calling it ultra commercial, like other artists such as Sonny Burgess, Hayden Thompson, Billy Lee Riley and Ray Harris, chart success largely eluded him.
Smith decided to leave Sun Records, in 1959, Smith and his wife and son moved from Mississippi to California, settling in Sherman Oaks, not far from Johnny and Vivian Cash. Cash offered Smith a spot on his show, but Smith turned it down, seeing himself as a headliner, not a supporting player. In early 1960, Smith signed with Liberty Records, and immediately scored a hit with I Dont Believe Ill Fall in Love Today, which went to No.5 on Billboards Country & Western chart. This record, and Smiths subsequent records, were produced by Joe Allison, Smith scored again with his next record for Liberty and Ends, Bits and Pieces, written by Harlan Howard
Deram Records was a subsidiary record label of Decca Records established in the United Kingdom in 1966. At this time U. K. Decca was a different company from the Decca label in the United States. Deram recordings were distributed in the U. S. through UK Deccas American branch. Deram was active until 1979, continued as a reissue label, in the 1960s Decca recording engineers experimented with ways of improving stereo recordings. They created a technique called Decca Panoramic Sound, the term Deramic was created as abbreviation of this. The new concept allowed for more space between instruments, rendering these sounds softer to the ear, early stereo recordings of popular music usually were mixed with sounds to the hard left, center, or hard right only. This was because of the limitations of the professional 4-track reel-to-reel recorders which were state of the art until about 1967. Decca initially conceived Deram Records as an outlet for Deramic Sound recordings of pop and rock music. Deramic Sound was intended to create recordings that had a more natural stereo spread and this new concept, with additional tracks, permitted the engineer to place instruments more easily in any position within the stereo field.
To launch the Deramic Sound concept Deram issued a series of six easy listening orchestral pop albums in October 1967, the albums all included the word Night in the title, i. e. Strings in the Night, Brass in the Night, etc. The label was soon moulded into a home for alternative or progressive artists, among the first recordings in this series was the November 1967 album release Days of Future Passed by the Moody Blues. Professional quality 8-track recorders began to appear in many British studios starting with Advision Studios and these 8-track machines were far more flexible than the dual 4-track recorder setup. Since Decca engineers no longer had more tracks than other major studios the Deramic Sound concept quickly became outdated and was dropped, by late 1968 or early 1969 Decca had obtained its own 8-track recorder. The roster included British jazz and folk as well, some of the more progressive jazz musicians of the late 1960s were released under the Deram imprint including Mike Gibbs, John Surman and Mike Westbrook.
Deram albums bore a DML prefix for mono and an SML prefix for stereo releases, as with other UK Decca subsidiary labels, Derams U. S. counterpart was distributed under the London Records arm. Decca positioned it against Island Records, Harvest Records and Vertigo Records, an extra progressive series with SDL prefixes did not improve the situation. From the start, Decca placed pop records alongside progressive artists on Deram, cat Stevens found early success there before moving to Island Records, and David Bowies first album appeared on the label. They were part of a deal with Straight Ahead Productions, who moved their acts to EMI and had them released on the re-introduced Regal Zonophone imprint
Decca Records began as a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis. Its U. S. label was established in late 1934 by Lewis along with American Deccas first president Jack Kapp and American Decca president Milton Rackmil. In 1937, as a result of anticipating Nazi aggression leading to World War II, Lewis sold American Decca, the British label was renowned for its development of recording methods, while the American company developed the concept of cast albums in the musical genre. Both wings are now part of the Universal Music Group, which is owned by Vivendi, the US Decca label was the foundation company that evolved into UMG. The name Decca was coined by Wilfred S. Samuel by merging the word Mecca with the initial D of their logo Dulcet or their trademark Dulcephone, Samuel, a linguist, chose Decca as a brand name as it was easy to pronounce in most languages. The name dates back to a gramophone called the Decca Dulcephone patented in 1914 by musical instrument makers Barnett Samuel.
That company was renamed the Decca Gramophone Co. Ltd. Within years, Decca Records Ltd. was the second largest record label in the world, Decca bought the UK branch of Brunswick Records and continued to run it under that name. In the 1950s the American Decca studios were located in the Pythian Temple in New York City, in classical music, Decca had a long way to go from its modest beginnings to catch up with the established HMV and Columbia labels. The pre-war classical repertoire on Decca was not extensive, but was select, heinrich Schlusnus made important pre-war lieder recordings for Decca. John Culshaw, who joined Decca in 1946 in a junior post and he revolutionised recording – of opera, in particular. Hitherto, the practice had been to put microphones in front of the performers, Culshaw was determined to make recordings that would be a theatre of the mind, making the listeners experience at home not second best to being in the opera house, but a wholly different experience. To that end he got the singers to move about in the studio as they would onstage, used sound effects and different acoustics.
His skill, coupled with Decca engineering, took Decca into the first flight of recording companies and his pioneering recording of Wagners Der Ring des Nibelungen conducted by Georg Solti was a huge artistic and commercial success. In the wake of Deccas lead, artists such as Herbert von Karajan, Joan Sutherland, Culshaw was, strictly speaking, not the first to do this. Far from being a mere rendering of the score, the 3-LP album set used sound effects to recreate the production as if the listener were watching a stage performance of the work. Until 1947, American Decca issued British Decca classical music recordings, British Decca took over distribution through its new American subsidiary London Records. American Decca actively re-entered the classical music field in 1950 with distribution deals from Deutsche Grammophon, American Decca began issuing its own classical music recordings in 1956 when Israel Horowitz joined Decca to head its classical music operations
Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group is an American-French global music corporation that is a subsidiary of the Paris-based French media conglomerate Vivendi. UMGs global corporate headquarters are in Santa Monica, California and it is considered one of the Big Three record labels, along with Warner Music Group and Sony Music Entertainment. Universal Music was once the music attached to film studio Universal Pictures and its origins go back to the formation of the American branch of Decca Records in September 1934. The Decca Record Co. Ltd. of England spun American Decca off in 1939, MCA Inc. merged with American Decca in 1962. The present organization was formed when its parent company Seagram purchased PolyGram in May 1998, the name had first appeared in 1996 when MCA Music Entertainment Group was renamed Universal Music Group. The PolyGram acquisition included Deutsche Grammophon which traces its ancestry to Berliner Gramophone making Deutsche Grammophon UMGs oldest unit, UMGs Canadian unit traces its ancestry to a Berliner Gramophone breakaway firm the Compo Company.
With the 2004 acquisition of Universal Studios by General Electric and merging with GEs NBC and this is the second time a music company has done so, the first being the separation of Time Warner and Warner Music Group. On June 25,2007, Vivendi completed its €1.63 billion purchase of BMG Music Publishing, after receiving European Union regulatory approval, doug Morris stepped down from his position as CEO on January 1,2011. Former chairman/CEO of Universal Music International Lucian Grainge was promoted to CEO of the company, Grainge replaced him as chairman on March 9,2011. Morris became the chairman of Sony Music Entertainment on July 1,2011. With Grainges appointment as CEO at UMG, Max Hole was promoted to COO of UMGI, starting in 2011 UMGs Interscope Geffen A&M Records will be signing contestants from American Idol/Idol series. On January 2011, UMG announced it was donating 200,000 master recordings from the 1920s to 1940s to the Library of Congress for preservation, in March 2011, Barry Weiss became chairman & CEO of The Island Def Jam Music Group & Universal Republic Records.
Both companies are restructuring under Weiss, in December 2011, David Foster was named Chairman of Verve Music Group. Among the other companies that had competed for the music business was Warner Music Group which was reported to have made a $2 billion bid. However, IMPALA has said it would fight the merger, coincidentally, UMG sister company StudioCanal has owned the EMI Films library for several years. On September 21,2012, the sale of EMI to UMG was approved in Europe, UMG divested Mute Records, Roxy Recordings, MPS Records, Cooperative Music, Now Thats What I Call Music. Jazzland, Universal Greece, Sanctuary Records, Chrysalis Records, EMI Classics, Virgin Classics, the Beatles recorded music library was allowed to remain with UMG despite being considered part of Parlophone and is now managed by UMGs reorganized Capitol Music Group worldwide. Robbie Williams, who had recorded for Chrysalis, had his transferred to Universals Island Records
Kevin Ayers was an English singer-songwriter and a major influential force in the English psychedelic movement. Ayers was a member of the pioneering psychedelic band Soft Machine in the mid-1960s. After living for years in Deià, Majorca, he returned to the United Kingdom in the mid-1990s before moving to the south of France. His last album was The Unfairground, recorded in New York City, the British rock journalist Nick Kent wrote, Kevin Ayers and Syd Barrett were the two most important people in British pop music. Everything that came after came from them, Ayers was born in Herne Bay, the son of BBC producer Rowan Ayers. Following his parents divorce and his mothers subsequent marriage to a British civil servant, Ayers returned to England at the age of twelve. In his early years he took up with the burgeoning musicians scene in the Canterbury area. He was quickly drafted into the Wilde Flowers, a band that featured Robert Wyatt and Hugh Hopper, Ayers stated in interviews that the primary reason he was asked to join was that he probably had the longest hair.
However, this prompted him to writing songs and singing. The Wilde Flowers morphed into Soft Machine with the addition of keyboardist Mike Ratledge, Ayers switched to bass and shared vocals with the drummer Robert Wyatt. The contrast between Ayers baritone and Wyatts reedy tenor, plus the freewheeling mix of rock and jazz influences, the band often shared stages with Pink Floyd. They released their debut single Love Makes Sweet Music/Feelin Reelin Squeelin in February 1967 and their debut album, The Soft Machine, was recorded in the USA for ABC/Probe and released in 1968. It is considered a classic of the genre, to many in the U. S, the Soft Machine was best known for being the opening act on the second U. S. tour by Jimi Hendrix, thus exposing them to an entire new audience. While there, Ayers went on a songwriting binge that resulted in the songs that would make up his first album, the album was one of the first released on the new Harvest label, alongside Pink Floyds Ummagumma. Ayers colleagues from Soft Machine backed him, with the addition on some cuts of Rob Tait, one interesting product of the sessions was the single, Religious Experience, early recordings of which featured Syd Barrett on guitar and backing vocals.
However the 2004 CD reissue of Joy of a Toy includes a mix of this song featuring Barretts guitar as a bonus track, Ayers was to all intents and purposes a member of Gong in 1971 when the band first toured the UK. He played a role in Steve Hillage appearing in Gong in 1972. A second album, Shooting at the Moon, soon followed, again Ayers came up with a batch of engaging songs interspersed with avant-garde instrumentals and a heavy dose of whimsy