click links in text for more info

Harvey Schmidt

Harvey Lester Schmidt was an American composer for musical theatre and illustrator. He was best known for composing the music for the longest running musical in history, The Fantasticks, which ran off-Broadway for 42 years, from 1960 to 2002. Schmidt was born in Texas, he attended the University of Texas to study art, but when he met Tom Jones at the university, he started to accompany the drama student on the piano. They soon started writing musicals together. However, after serving in the Army, Schmidt moved to New York and worked as a graphic artist for NBC Television and as an illustrator for Life, Harper's Bazaar, Sports Illustrated, Fortune. All of Schmidt's major musicals were written with lyricist Tom Jones; the work the duo is known for is the musical The Fantasticks, which ran off-Broadway from 1960 - 2002 for a total of 17,162 performances. He collaborated on the 1995 feature film adaptation. In 1992 he received the Tony Award, Tony Honor for "The Fantasticks," in its 33rd year; the team followed with the Broadway musical 110 in the Shade in 1963, which ran for 330 performances on Broadway and earned a Tony Award nomination for Best Composer and Lyricist for Schmidt and Jones.

I Do! I Do! Followed in 1966, which brought Mary Martin and Robert Preston to the Broadway stage in a 2-person musical and ran for 560 performances. Jones and Schmidt were nominated for the Tony Award for Best Lyricist and Best Musical, they both appeared in a revue of their songs, The Show Goes On, at the York Theatre Company in 1997. The run was extended several times and the show was recorded on the DRG label. Schmidt was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame, his recording Harvey Schmidt Plays Jones and Schmidt was released in 2005. Schmidt and Jones wrote a musical of Thornton Wilder's Our Town and it took them thirteen years to write, only to have the rights pulled by Wilder's nephew. Schmidt and Jones were both inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in July 2012. "I Can See It" from the musical The Fantasticks. I Do! recorded by Ed Ames. Shoestring'57 Demi-Dozen The Fantasticks New York Scrapbook 110 in the Shade I Do! I Do! Celebration The Bone Room Colette Bad Company Philemon Colette Collage Grovers Corners Mirette The Show Goes On Roadside Mirette on the High Wire Harvey Schmidt on IMDb Harvey Schmidt at the Internet Broadway Database Internet Off-Broadway Database listing The Guide to Musical Theatre Philemon

Greg Papa

Gregory Charles Papa is an American sportscaster employed as the radio play-by-play announcer for the San Francisco 49ers. He has broadcast for the Indiana Pacers, Golden State Warriors, Oakland Athletics, San Antonio Spurs, Oakland Raiders and San Francisco Giants during his career, he is best known as the radio play-by-play caller for the Raiders and the host of Chronicle Live on NBC Sports Bay Area. He, Garry St. Jean, Kelenna Azubuike do the in-studio analysis for all the Golden State Warriors regular season games on NBC Sports Bay Area, he is the younger brother of deceased Philadelphia sportscaster Gary Papa. Papa is a three-time California Sportscaster of the Year Award winner, he currently cohosts a radio program with John Lund weekdays from 10am-2pm. After graduating from Syracuse University, Papa was a member of the Indiana Pacers' television and radio broadcasting team from 1984 to 1986, he moved west and from 1986 to 1997, he was the radio announcer for the Golden State Warriors. From 1997 to 2000, Papa became the lead announcer on the San Antonio Spurs' telecasts.

During this span, he was the television play-by-play announcer for the Oakland Athletics with Ray Fosse from 1991 to 2003. Until his dismissal prior to the 2018 season, Papa was play-by-play announcer for the Raiders, alongside his color commentator, former Raider coach Tom Flores; the Raiders hired Papa for the 1997 season. His work was much in the tradition of his predecessor, Bill King. Like King, his touchdown calls were punctuated by "TOUCHDOWN, RRRRAID-ERS!!!" Papa's best calls arguably were: Tyrone Wheatley's 26-yard run in the Raiders 1999 finale against the Kansas City Chiefs at Arrowhead Stadium along with describing the events during the Tuck Rule game, when the Raiders had won a 2001 playoff game during a snow storm at New England after forcing a late fumble, only to see referee Walt Coleman reverse the call after consulting instant replay. The Patriots went on to win the controversial contest in overtime. Greg Papa was the television play-by-play announcer for the Oakland A's with Ray Fosse from 1991 to 2003.

From 2004 to 2008, Papa called play-by-play for San Francisco Giants broadcasts on KTVU television and KNBR radio. In 2008, Papa hosted 35 of the 50 scheduled editions of "Giants Pregame Live" and all 65 of the "Giants Postgame Live" shows on Comcast SportsNet Bay Area, he announced several of the Giants' games on TV and radio when Jon Miller was on assignment at ESPN. When Dave Flemming's microphone went dead when the ball was in the air for what turned out to be Barry Bonds' 715th career home run on May 28, 2006, Papa took over the broadcast, apologized to listeners, explained what happened on the field. Since the 2011-12 season, along with Garry St. Jean, Greg Papa has hosted both "Warriors Pregame Live" and "Warriors Postgame Live" on NBC Sports Bay Area; the duo provide in studio analysis at half-time for the station's coverage of Warriors regular season games. In 2018, Papa hosted 49ers pre- and postgame live on NBC Sports Bay Area, alongside Donte Whitner, Ian Williams, Jeff Garcia. Beginning with the 2019 season, Papa took over as the radio voice of the 49ers, handling the play-by-play duties for the team on KNBR 680 with analyst Tim Ryan.

His touchdown calls are variations of Bill King. He punctuates a score with, “TOUCHDOWN, SAN-FRAN-CISCO!” Papa does work for NBC Sports California, notably for broadcasts of the California Golden Bears football and basketball teams. He has done San Jose Stealth and San Francisco Dragons lacrosse games. Papa is formerly host of Chronicle Live, a nightly Bay Area sports talk show covering all Bay Area sports, he was the play-by-play announcer for Hardball 6: 2000 Edition and some of his Oakland A's broadcast audio was in the 2011 film Moneyball. In 2017, Papa began co-hosting The Happy Hour, a conversational discussion sports program on NBC Sports Bay Area, with sports anchor Kelli Johnson and media personality Ray Ratto; the Happy Hour was cancelled by NBC Sports Bay Area in 2018 with the last airing on December 21, 2018. Papa resides in California with his wife, the former Angela Garay, they have four children: Alexandra, Danielle and Nicolas. Papa has a son, from his first marriage, his brother, the late Gary Papa, was a long time sportscaster for WPVI in Philadelphia.

His other family members are associated with National Fire Adjustment Co. Inc. Greg Papa profile at NBC Sports

Fibrous dysplasia of bone

Fibrous dysplasia is a disorder where normal bone and marrow is replaced with fibrous tissue, resulting in formation of bone, weak and prone to expansion. As a result, most complications result from fracture, functional impairment, pain. Disease occurs along a broad clinical spectrum ranging from asymptomatic, incidental lesions, to severe disabling disease. Disease can affect one bone, multiple, or all bones and may occur in isolation or in combination with café au lait skin macules and hyperfunctioning endocrinopathies, termed McCune–Albright syndrome. More fibrous dysplasia may be associated with intramuscular myxomas, termed Mazabraud's syndrome. Fibrous dysplasia is rare, there is no known cure. Fibrous dysplasia is not a form of cancer. Fibrous dysplasia is a mosaic disease that can involve any part or combination of the craniofacial, and/or appendicular skeleton; the type and severity of the complications therefore depend on the location and extent of the affected skeleton. The clinical spectrum is broad, ranging from an isolated, asymptomatic monostotic lesion discovered incidentally, to severe disabling disease involving the entire skeleton and leading to loss of vision, and/or mobility.

Individual bone lesions manifest during the first few years of life and expand during childhood. The vast majority of clinically significant bone lesions are detectable by age 10 years, with few new and no clinically significant bone lesions appearing after age 15 years. Total body scintigraphy is useful to identify and determine the extent of bone lesions, should be performed in all patients with suspected fibrous dysplasia. Children with fibrous dysplasia in the appendicular skeleton present with limp, and/or pathologic fractures. Frequent fractures and progressive deformity may lead to difficulties with ambulation and impaired mobility. In the craniofacial skeleton, fibrous dysplasia may present as a painless “lump” or facial asymmetry. Expansion of craniofacial lesions may lead to progressive facial deformity. In rare cases, patients may develop vision and/or hearing loss due to compromise of the optic nerves and/or auditory canals, more common in patients with McCune-Albright syndrome associated growth hormone excess.

Fibrous dysplasia involves the spine, may lead to scoliosis, which in rare instances may be severe. Untreated, progressive scoliosis is one of the few features of fibrous dysplasia that can lead to early fatality. Bone pain is a common complication of fibrous dysplasia, it may present at any age, but most develops during adolescence and progresses into adulthood. Bone marrow stromal cells in fibrous dysplasia produce excess amounts of the phosphate-regulating hormone fibroblast growth factor-23, leading to loss of phosphate in the urine. Patients with hypophosphatemia may develop rickets/osteomalacia, increased fractures, bone pain. Fibrous dysplasia is a mosaic disease resulting from post-zygotic activating mutations of the GNAS locus at 20q13.2-q13.3, which codes for the α subunit of the Gs G-coupled protein receptor. In bone, constitutive Gsα signaling results in impaired differentiation and proliferation of bone marrow stromal cells. Proliferation of these cells causes replacement of normal marrow with fibrous tissue.

The bony trabeculae are abnormally thin and irregular, likened to Chinese characters. Fibrous dysplasia is not hereditary, there has never been a case of genetic inheritance from parent to child. On x-ray, fibrous dysplasia appears as a ground glass appearance. Computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging scans may be used to determine how extensively bones are affected. CT can better demonstrate the typical "ground glass" appearance, a specific radiological finding, while MRI can show cystic areas with fluid contents. A bone scan uses radioactive tracers; the damaged parts of bones take up more of the tracer. A biopsy, which uses a hollow needle to remove a small piece of the affected bone for laboratory analysis, can diagnose fibrous dysplasia definitely. Treatment in fibrous dysplasia is palliative, is focused on managing fractures and preventing deformity. There are no medications capable of altering the disease course. Intravenous bisphosphonates may be helpful for treatment of bone pain, but there is no clear evidence that they strengthen bone lesions or prevent fractures.

Surgical techniques that are effective in other disorders, such as bone grafting and plates and screws, are ineffective in fibrous dysplasia and should be avoided. Intramedullary rods are preferred for management of fractures and deformity in the lower extremities. Progressive scoliosis can be managed with standard instrumentation and fusion techniques. Surgical management in the craniofacial skeleton is complicated by frequent post-operative FD regrowth, should focus on correction of functional deformities. Prophylactic optic nerve decompression is contraindicated. Managing endocrinopathies is a critical component of management in FD. All patients with fibrous dysplasia should be evaluated and treated for endocrine diseases associated with McCune–Albright syndrome. In particular untreated growth hormone excess may worsen craniofacial fibrous dysplasia and increase the risk of blindness. Untreated hypophosphatemia increases bone risk of fractures. McCune–Albright syndrome Cherubism Dysplasia GeneReviews entry for Fibrous Dysplasia/McCune-Albright Syndrome

Adria Cathedral

Adria Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral in the city of Adria, in the province of Rovigo and the region of Veneto, Italy. The episcopal seat of the Diocese of Adria, it has been since 1986 that of the Diocese of Adria-Rovigo; the present cathedral replaces the much older former cathedral nearby, dedicated to Saint John, the Old Cathedral, which continues in use as a parish church. The new cathedral, dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul, was built in the early 19th century over a 14th-century church; when works were undertaken in 1830 to investigate the stability of the foundations, a Byzantine crypt and frescoes were discovered. The cathedral contains a Byzantine bas relief of the 6th century, a Byzantine altar and crucifix, in the sacristy some magnificently carved cupboards by Jacopo Piazzetta from the Charity School of Venice. Behind the building a replica of the Grotto of Lourdes was constructed in the 1930s, which still attracts many visitors. Adria Cathedral official website Diocese of Adria-Rovigo: official website Catholic Encyclopedia: Adria Catholic Hierarchy: Dioccese of Adria-Rovigo

Yiorgos Vardinogiannis

Yiorgos Vardinogiannis is a Greek businessman and a shipping magnate, former owner and president of the Panathinaikos football club. He was born in Episkopi, Rethymno in 1936, he is the brother of shipping tycoon Vardis Vardinogiannis. Yiorgos Vardinoyannis was captain of the oil tanker MV Arietta Venezelos which in February 1966 was located in the Persian Gulf; the Greek government, reacting to concerns that oil it was taking on board was destined for Rhodesia gave instructions to the owners, Venezelos SA to divert the ship to Rotterdam rather than South Africa and forbade the delivery of oil to Rhodesia. However, Vardinogiannis continued to sail for Beira in Mozambique a colony of Portugal. Here the pipeline would allow oil to be pumped to landlocked Rhodesia, he was president of Greek football club Panathinaikos FC for 21 years and had the nickname Kapetanios

Codnor Castle

Codnor Castle is a ruined 13th-century castle in Derbyshire, England. The land around Codnor came under the jurisdiction of William Peverel after the Norman conquest. Although registered as a Scheduled Ancient Monument and Grade II Listed Building the site is as at 2016, a Building at Risk; the castle is a stone was established by William Peverel. The present fragmentary remains represent a three-storey keep and a strong curtain wall and ditch, flanked by round towers; the outer bailey is on a lower level and was constructed at a period. The castle overlooks the counties of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, it had a deep moat and on its eastern side there was once a considerable abundance of trees, which have now been cut down. On the west side there was a courtyard, fortified by huge round towers, which had battlements. In other parts of the ruins there is evidence that the outer walls had arrow-loops included to allow bowmen to use them if necessary. By 1211 it was owned by a descendant of the Norman knight Anchetil de Greye.

Henry's descendants include the long line of Lords Grey of Codnor, the Lords Grey of Ruthyn and Rotherfield, Lady Jane Grey and the Earls of Stamford, the extinct families of the Dukes of Suffolk and Kent. His son Richard settled in Codnor and was a loyal Baron to Henry III. Along with his brother John they served the King in the Holy Land. John Grey distinguished himself in the Scottish wars and found himself in great favour with Edward III. Together with William D'Eincourt, the Lord Grey commanded all the knights of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire in case of an invasion. Henry, the last of the family, died during the reign of Henry VII without a legitimate heir, he left part of his lands to his illegitimate sons and Richard, part to his widow, Katherine Stourton. The remainder went to his aunt Elizabeth Grey, who in 1429 married Sir John Zouche, the youngest son of the fourth Baron Zouche of Harringworth. Sir John Zouche of Codnor was three times High Sheriff of Derbyshire; the castle remained in the hands of the Zouche family for two hundred years until they sold up and emigrated to Virginia in 1634.

Sir Streynsham Master, High Sheriff of Derbyshire, who bought the Codnor Castle estate in 1692, is reported as the last resident of the castle. He lived there until his death in 1724. Today the remnants of Codnor Castle are a fragile ruin; the site is now owned. Public access is managed by The Codnor Castle Heritage Trust. There are public footpaths to the Castle from Codnor Market Place, where there is an information board in partnership with Derbyshire County Council, as well as public footpaths from the east in the Erewash valley. In June 2007, Channel 4's Time Team programme carried out an archaeological dig around the castle. A preserved gold noble of Henry V was found in the moat and is now displayed at Derby Museum and Art Gallery. Most Haunted Live! visited the castle as part of a paranormal investigation'As Live' special in 2017. The programme was broadcast in March 2018. Castles in Great Britain and Ireland List of castles in England Codnor Castle – official website Heanor & District Local History Society covers the Codnor area, their site contains a page of the castle Codnor & District Local History & Heritage website – Codnor Castle webpage "Time Team arrives at Codnor Castle" – Ripley & Heanor News Earthwork Analysis English Heritage Research Reports Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results report by Wessex Archaeology on Time Team dig Heritage at Risk Register: Codnor+Castle