G.I. Joe (IDW Publishing)
G. I. Joe is a comic book series by IDW Publishing, based upon Hasbro's G. I. Joe characters and toy line; the series was marketed as two mini-series and a small series of one-shots. An issue #0, was released in October 2008, containing three stand-alone stories which acted as previews for the main G. I. Joe series, G. I. Joe: Origins, G. I. Joe: Cobra. A new mini-series, G. I. Joe: Infestation was released in March 2011. In the 12th issue of G. I. Joe: Cobra II, the original Cobra Commander was killed; this ended all three original ongoing series and resulted in a stand-alone G. I. Joe: Cobra Civil War #0; this issue spawned two new G. I. Joe and G. I. Joe: Cobra ongoing series, a G. I. Joe: Snake Eyes ongoing series which took the storyline into a new direction. IDW's approach to G. I. Joe is similar to their launch of The Transformers, where the history is rebooted and the creators have access to characters from any era of the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero line. Devil's Due Publishing lost the G. I. Joe comics license in January 2008, published their last G.
I. Joe comic in July 2008 with G. I. Joe: America's Elite #36; the license was given to IDW Publishing, announced on May 29, 2008. IDW's G. I. Joe series is a complete reboot of the property, ignoring the continuity from the Marvel and Devil's Due incarnations of the comic. On January 15, 2010, Hasbro stated the Devil's Due continuity was no longer canonical: "Fans can read it according to their personal preference, but we are taking the brand in a direction that does not take the Devil’s Due story into account." Issue #0 was released in October 2008, containing three stand-alone stories which acted as previews for the main G. I. Joe series, G. I. Joe: Origins and G. I. Joe: Cobra, it was solicited as G. I. Joe: A New Beginning #0. G. I. Joe is the main series of the new IDW continuity of G. I. Joe, it chronicles the new conflict between the G. I. Joe Team and Cobra as presented by the new IDW continuity. Contrary to what was believed, original G. I. Joe comic writer Larry Hama is not the writer for this series. Instead, veteran comic book writer Chuck Dixon is penning this series.
27 issues were released. In addition, a G. I. Joe: Special was published, to be an ongoing series of one-shot issues; each comic was to serve to focus on a particular character in the continuity established by IDW. The series was to be done with rotating creative teams. However, the series had only seen one issue - a Helix issue, it seems now that many of the stories intended to take place in Special issues were transferred over to the Origins series. G. I. Joe: Origins is a mini-series that became an ongoing series; the series was penned by original G. I. Joe writer Larry Hama, thought to be the scribe for the main series; the series explores the formation of G. I. Joe and the personalities that make up the team. 23 issues were released. G. I. Joe: Cobra is a four-issue mini-series that details the status quo of Cobra for the continuity by IDW as Joe member Chuckles spies on the threat; the story is written by Mike Costa and art by Antonio Fuso. The covers are illustrated by Howard Chaykin; the story was continued with a one-shot as part of the G.
I. Joe: Cobra: Special series; the story focused on Xamot. G. I. Joe: Cobra II was a four-issue mini-series, a direct continuation from the previous Cobra mini-series and one-shot special, it was continued as an ongoing series titled G. I. Joe: Cobra, starting with #5. 13 issues were released. In addition, during this time, a second G. I. Joe: Cobra: Special was published with the focus being on Chameleon. G. I. Joe: Hearts And Minds is a five-issue mini-series, written by Max Brooks; each issue focuses on each a day in the life of a Joe and a Cobra. G. I. Joe: Infestation is a two-issue mini-series; the two-issue IDW mini-series Infestation, which started in January 2011, is in essence a two-part bookend story, with the first issue showing the origins of the event in G. I. Joe: Infestation and the second finishing up the story after the G. I. Joe series. There was some connection in the final issue of Infestation with other IDW properties like Transformers, Star Trek and Ghostbusters. G. I. Joe: Cobra Civil War was released in April 2011.
It was released as an issue #0, the starting point for two new ongoing series, G. I. Joe and G. I. Joe: Cobra, a G. I. Joe: Snake Eyes ongoing series, all launched the next month. G. I. Joe started in May 2011, it was the second regular G. I. Joe ongoing series and starts from the G. I. Joe: Cobra Civil War #0, with the previous G. I. Joe series ending after the death of Cobra commander. 21 issues were released. G. I. Joe: Cobra started in May 2011, it was the third Cobra series and the second ongoing that starts from the G. I. Joe: Cobra Civil War #0, with the previous Cobra series ending after the death of Cobra commander. 21 issues were released. In addition, a one-shot issue was published, titled Cobra Annual 2012: The Origin of Cobra Commander, that explores the origins of the new Cobra Commander. G. I. Joe: Snake Eyes started in May 2011, it starts from the G. I. Joe: Cobra Civil War #0. Starting with issue 13, the title of the series was changed to G. I. Joe: Snake Eyes And Storm Shadow. 21 issues were released. Infestation 2: G.
I. Joe is a two-issue mini-series, released in March 2012; the two-issue IDW mini-series Infestation 2, which started in January 2012, is in essence a two-part bookend story, with the first issue showing the origins of the event that continues within Infestation 2: G. I. Joe and the second fi
First Strike (IDW Publishing)
First Strike is a 2017 comic book storyline published by IDW Publishing, running from August 9 to October 25, 2017. It is the sequel to 2016's Revolution in the Hasbro Comic Book Universe; the story is written by Mairghread Scott and David Rodriguez, featuring art by Max Dunbar and Freddie E. Williams II, colors by Ander Zarate. A few back-up strips were written by John Barber, with art by Netho Diaz and Walden Wong, colors by David Garcia Cruz. After Optimus Prime annexed Earth into Cybertron's Council of Worlds, following a tough encounter with a few Dire Wraiths, G. I. Joe's founder Joe Colton has decided to destroy all Transformers, as he believes they pose a threat to humanity. So he secretly resurfaces as "Baron Ironblood" and recruits criminals for his cause, including Doctor X, Storm Shadow, Miles Mayhem and Garrison Kreiger. A year after the Ore-13 explosions, a unified Earth stands ready to join the interplanetary coalition as equals to the Transformers. With Marissa Faireborn appointed the official Council delegate and de facto ambassador of Earth, human diplomats and dignitaries assemble in Iacon for the occasion.
But as Starscream makes his opening remarks, the ceremony is thrown into chaos as Colton's forces deploy sophisticated anti-Transformer weaponry against them. On Earth, G. I. Joe leader Scarlett races to discover Colton's motivations behind his evil deeds. With Iacon in chaos and his team deploy Dr. Mindbender as a decoy Ironblood while the real Colton leads a team underground, using Shazraella to ferry the Talisman underground to its ultimate destination: by enerchanging the Talisman with the core of Cybertron, Colton believes, its corrosive energies will poison the planet's energon from within and doom the species to extinction; as the villains move on their objective, Garrison Kreiger deploys the bounty hunter Colditz to trick Centurion into travelling into the wilds beyond Cybertron, luring the team of humans and Autobots to follow him in the hopes of killing him and tying up a loose end. Centurion survives, but deprived of his connection to the Talisman the heroes have lost their best chance at halting the invasion.
On Earth, Scarlett and a small team storm Castle Destro and hijack Destro's M. A. S. S. Device to reach the metal planet. On arriving, they unmask the imposter Ironblood but are caught up in the volatile politics of the Council and summarily detained by Starscream, but as Ironhide's forces struggle to pin down Colton's strike team beneath Metroplex, Optimus Prime goes against the law by springing Scarlett and her team from jail as the villains close in on their objective, turning the journey towards the core into a race against time. The chase culminates in a battle far beneath the planet's surface; the conflict is cut short when Kreiger reveals his true identity as Merklynn, an ancient sorcerer from the planet Prysmos. Colton and broken by this betrayal, voluntarily stands down. Meanwhile, Cybertron has survived, but has lost much of its energon in Merklynn's attack, forcing it to rely more on Earth and the colony worlds. In the aftermath, Cybertron itself burns through more of its dwindling energon reserves to transmit a simple message deep into space: a message that awakens Unicron.
The aftermath of First Strike will lead to new comic book series in the Hasbro Reconstruction line, as new alliances are forged, like M. A. S. K. Joining forces with G. I. Joe, Rom teaming up with the Micronauts, the introduction of Visionaries. In June 2017, David Hedgecock announced a new miniseries for 2018 revealed to be titled as Transformers: Unicron, the finale of the 2005 HCBU franchise, which started in May and concluded in November 2018
The X-Men are a team of fictional superheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by artist/co-writer Jack Kirby and writer Stan Lee, the characters first appeared in The X-Men #1, they are among the most recognizable and successful intellectual properties of Marvel Comics, appearing in numerous books, television shows and video games. Most of the X-Men are mutants, a subspecies of humans who are born with superhuman abilities activated by the "X-Gene"; the X-Men fight for peace and equality between normal humans and mutants in a world where antimutant bigotry is fierce and widespread. They are led by Charles Xavier known as Professor X, a powerful mutant telepath who can control and read minds, their archenemy is Magneto, a powerful mutant with the ability to manipulate and control magnetic fields and is the leader of the Brotherhood of Mutants. Both have opposing philosophies regarding the relationship between mutants and humans. While the former works towards peace and understanding between mutants and humans, the latter views humans as a threat and believes in taking an aggressive approach against them, though he has found himself working alongside the X-Men from time to time.
Professor X is the founder of Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters at a location called the X-Mansion, which recruits mutants from around the world. Located in Salem Center in Westchester County, New York, the X-Mansion is the home and training site of the X-Men; the founding five members of the X-Men who appear in The X-Men #1 are Angel, Cyclops and Marvel Girl. Since dozens of mutants from various countries and diverse backgrounds, a number of non-mutants, have held membership as X-Men. In 1963, with the success of Spider-Man in Amazing Fantasy, as well as the Hulk, Iron Man, the Fantastic Four, co-creator Stan Lee wanted to create another group of superheroes but did not want to have to explain how they got their powers. In 2004, Lee recalled, "I couldn't have everybody bitten by a radioactive spider or exposed to a gamma ray explosion, and I took the cowardly way out. I said to myself, ` Why don't I just say, they were born that way.'"In a 1987 interview, Kirby said, The X-Men, I did the natural thing there.
What would you do with mutants who were just plain boys and girls and not dangerous? You school them. You develop their skills. So I gave them a teacher, Professor X. Of course, it was the natural thing to do, instead of disorienting or alienating people who were different from us, I made the X-Men part of the human race, which they were. Radiation, if it is beneficial, may create mutants that'll save us instead of doing us harm. I felt that if we train the mutants our way, they'll help us – and not only help us, but achieve a measure of growth in their own sense, and so, we could all live together. Lee devised the series title after Marvel publisher Martin Goodman turned down the initial name, "The Mutants," stating that readers would not know what a "mutant" was. Within the Marvel Universe, the X-Men are regarded to have been named after Professor Xavier himself; the original explanation for the name, as provided by Xavier in The X-Men #1, is that mutants "possess an extra power... one which ordinary humans do not!!
That is why I call my students... X-Men, for EX-tra power!" Early X-Men issues introduced the original team composed of Cyclops, Marvel Girl, Beast and Iceman, along with their archenemy Magneto and his Brotherhood of Evil Mutants featuring Mastermind, Scarlet Witch, Toad. The comic focused on a common human theme of good versus evil and included storylines and themes about prejudice and racism, all of which have persisted throughout the series in one form or another; the evil side in the fight was shown in human form and under some sympathetic beginnings via Magneto, a character, revealed to have survived Nazi concentration camps only to pursue a hatred for normal humanity. His key followers and the Scarlet Witch, were Romani. Only one new member of the X-Men was added, Mimic/Calvin Rankin, but soon left due to his temporary loss of power; the title lagged in sales behind Marvel's other comic franchises. In 1969, writer Roy Thomas and illustrator Neal Adams rejuvenated the comic book and gave regular roles to two introduced characters: Havok/Alex Summers and Lorna Dane called Polaris.
However, these X-Men issues failed to attract sales and Marvel stopped producing new stories with issue #66 reprinting a number of the older comics as issues #67–93. In Giant-Size X-Men #1, writer Len Wein and artist Dave Cockrum introduced a new team that starred in a revival of The X-Men, beginning with issue #94; this new team replaced the previous members with the exception of Cyclops. This team differed from the original. Unlike in the early issues of the original series, the new team was not made up of teenagers and they had a more diverse background; each was from a different country with varying cultural and philosophical beliefs, all were well-versed in using their mutant powers, several being experienced in combat. The "all-new, all-different X-Men" were led by Cyclops, from the original team, consisted of the newly created Colossus, Nightcrawler and Thunderbird, three introduced characters: Banshee and Wolve
A toy is an item, used in play one designed for such use. Playing with toys can be an enjoyable means of training young children for life in society. Different materials like wood, clay and plastic are used to make toys. Many items are designed to serve as toys, but goods produced for other purposes can be used. For instance, a small child may fold an ordinary piece of paper into an airplane shape and "fly it". Newer forms of toys include interactive digital entertainment; some toys are produced as collectors' items and are intended for display only. The origin of toys is prehistoric; the origin of the word "toy" is unknown, but it is believed that it was first used in the 14th century. Toys are made for children; the oldest known doll toy is thought to be 4,000 years old. Playing with toys is considered to be important when it comes to growing up and learning about the world around us. Younger children use toys to discover their identity, help their bodies grow strong, learn cause and effect, explore relationships, practice skills they will need as adults.
Adults on occasion use toys to form and strengthen social bonds, help in therapy, to remember and reinforce lessons from their youth. Most children have been said to play such as sticks and rocks. Toys and games have been unearthed from the sites of ancient civilizations, they have been written about in some of the oldest literature. Toys excavated from the Indus valley civilization include small carts, whistles shaped like birds, toy monkeys which could slide down a string; the earliest toys are made from materials found in nature, such as rocks and clay. Thousands of years ago, Egyptian children played with dolls that had wigs and movable limbs which were made from stone and wood. In Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, children played with dolls made of wax or terracotta, sticks and arrows, yo-yos; when Greek children girls, came of age it was customary for them to sacrifice the toys of their childhood to the gods. On the eve of their wedding, young girls around fourteen would offer their dolls in a temple as a rite of passage into adulthood.
The oldest known mechanical puzzle comes from Greece and appeared in the 3rd century BCE. The game consisted of a square divided into 14 parts, the aim was to create different shapes from these pieces. In Iran "puzzle-locks" were made as early as the 17th century. Toys became more widespread with the changing attitudes towards children engendered by the Enlightenment. Children began to be seen as people in and of themselves, as opposed to extensions of their household and that they had a right to flourish and enjoy their childhood; the variety and number of toys that were manufactured during the 18th century rose. He created puzzles on eight themes – the World, Asia, America and Wales, Ireland and Scotland; the rocking horse was developed at the same time in England with the wealthy as it was thought to develop children's balance for riding real horses. Blowing bubbles from leftover washing up soap became a popular pastime, as shown in the painting The Soap Bubble by Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin.
Other popular toys included hoops, toy wagons, spinning wheels and puppets. The first board games were produced by John Jefferys in the 1750s, including A Journey Through Europe; the game was similar to modern board games. In the nineteenth century, the emphasis was put on toys that had an educational purpose to them, such as puzzles, books and board games. Religiously themed toys were popular, including a model Noah's Ark with miniature animals and objects from other Bible scenes. With growing prosperity among the middle class, children had more leisure time on their hands, which led to the application of industrial methods to the manufacture of toys. More complex mechanical and optics-based toys were invented. Carpenter and Westley began to mass-produce the kaleidoscope, invented by Sir David Brewster in 1817, had sold over 200,000 items within three months in London and Paris; the company was able to mass-produce magic lanterns for use in phantasmagoria and galanty shows, by developing a method of mass production using a copper plate printing process.
Popular imagery on the lanterns included royalty and fauna, geographical/man-made structures from around the world. The modern zoetrope was invented in 1833 by British mathematician William George Horner and was popularized in the 1860s. Wood and porcelain dolls in miniature doll houses were popular with middle class girls, while boys played with marbles and toy trains; the golden age of toy development was at the turn of the 20th century. Real wages were rising in the Western world, allowing working-class families to afford toys for their children, industrial techniques of precision engineering and mass production was able to provide the supply to meet this rising demand. Intellectual emphasis was increasingly being placed on the importance of a wholesome and happy childhood for the future development of children. William Harbutt, an English painter, invented plasticine in 1897, in 1900 commercial production of the material as a children's toy began. Frank Hornby was a visionary in toy development and manufacture and was responsible for the invention and production of
Hasbro Reconstruction was a 2016 comic book launch by IDW Publishing about its line of comic books based on properties of the toy company Hasbro. Since June 2016, this branding converged most of IDW's Hasbro comics into the Hasbro Comic Book Universe, using the end of Revolution as its launching pod, which continued with First Strike. For November 2018, IDW concluded the Reconstruction branding, in advance of a forthcoming reboot; the Hasbro Reconstruction branding serves to converge IDW's own versions of The Transformers and G. I. Joe into a shared universe of characters from various Hasbro brands, which had started with Simon Furman and E. J. Su's The Transformers: Infiltration in October 19, 2005. Rom and Micronauts reappeared on 2016 after Hasbro regained their comic book rights from Marvel Comics. Action Man and M. A. S. K. Were the last additions for the event series Revolution. Between 2017 and 2018, the characters of Visionaries debuted on the aftermath of the event series First Strike; the Reconstruction branding concluded with the miniseries Transformers: Unicron in advance of a forthcoming reboot for March 2019.
List of comics based on Hasbro properties
Visionaries: Knights of the Magical Light
Visionaries: Knights of the Magical Light is a science fantasy media franchise that consisted of a short-lived toyline of action figures and vehicles produced by Hasbro, an animated television series by Sunbow Productions that ran for one season of thirteen episodes in 1987, while Star Comics published a bimonthly comic book series that lasted six issues from November 1987 to September 1988. The animated series was the only Hasbro property to be produced by Sunbow without the aid of Marvel Productions, utilized Japanese studio TMS Entertainment for overseas animation work. IDW Publishing published a five-issue crossover comic miniseries featuring the series characters and the Transformers from January to May 2018; the story is set on the fictional planet of Prysmos, a futuristic society where all technology and complex machinery cease functioning, its citizens are forced to rely on ancient magic to survive. The titular Visionaries are knights who are split into two factions: the heroic Spectral Knights and the evil Darkling Lords.
Everyone who wishes to gain the usage of magic is invited to a competition by the wizard Merklynn. After surviving traps, dangerous creatures, each other, survivors are rewarded with unique animal totems affixed to their armor chestplates; some of the knights are given staffs enchanted with various magic powers that are activated by its holder reciting a special verse. They could be used only once before they needed to be replenished in the animated series, but had unlimited use in the comic series. Characters who could not use these weapons instead had the power to infuse vehicles with magical powers, the spells for which were printed on official toy packaging but never used in either the comics or the animated series. In the Star Comics series, the female characters were given shields which operated in the same manner as the male characters' power staffs. Headed by its leader Leoric, the Spectral Knights are magic users who use magic for the purposes of good. Headed by Darkstorm, the Darkling Lords use their powers for selfish aims and are the antagonists of the series.
Merklynn – The wizard who occupies the shrine at Iron Mountain. Merklynn invites knights from across the land to compete in an obstacled race to his shrine, rewarding those who reach its hall with magical abilities. In exchange for recharging their power staffs, Merklynn contracts both the Darkling Lords and Spectral Knights to venture on other quests on his behalf, he sometimes offers magical devices in exchange for their services as well but Merklynn's gifts prove to be more trouble than they're worth. The character was named after Hasbro sculptor Bill Merklein. Fletchen – A young woman from a village outside of New Valarak. Darkstorm used her superstitious people as unwitting pawns in his plan to trap Leoric in his lion form, she was the first to discover what had happened to Leoric, though she was able to convince his fellow Spectral Knights of the truth, her own people refused to listen and only stopped attacking the Spectral Knights once Leoric was freed from the spell which trapped him.
Fletchen appears twice in the series, but there is strong evidence of a romantic relationship between her and Leoric. Falkhama – One of the wizards who inhabit Prysmos and a member of the same circle of wizardry as Merklynn; the Visionaries encountered him not long. In the series, Darkstorm used him in his plot to depose Merklynn, before sending both wizards to the Wizards' Jail. Falkama escaped but was recaptured by the Spectral Knights. Bogavas – An enigmatic wizard, he was among those who escaped the Wizards' Jail, but Merklynn had never known him to commit evil and, when caught by the Spectral Knights, he denied knowing any real magic. Merklynn subjected him to a test which would cause him to be consumed by fire if he was dishonest – when Bogavus appeared to pass, he was allowed to go free. Wizasquizar – A wizard condemned never to tell the truth, he escaped from the Wizards' Jail at the same time as Falkhama and Bogavas, remaining at large until the Spectral Knights captured all three rogue wizards.
But, before they could take the wizards to Iron Mountain, the Spectral Knights were ambushed by the Darkling Lords, prompting them to release Wizasqueezar as a diversion. The wizard joined forces with the Darkling Lords and led them to the Lost Shrine, where he betrayed them; when the Spectral Knights caught up with their enemies, they too came under attack from the Shrine's magical guards leaving only Leoric to thwart Wizasquizar's plans. Gleering – Fletchen's father. Before the events of "Lion Hunt", he and the rest of his people feared all magic and would use lucky charms to ward off evil. Darkstorm exploited this to stir up hatred against the Spectral Knights by convincing them that they were "evil wizards" guarding a magical beast. Gleering and his people learned they had nothing to fear provided it was used for good. Heskedor – An ancient crone living in a cave. Darkstorm, seeking a means to defeat Leoric, sought her aid and she gave him the potion which trapped Leoric in his Lion form. If the spell was not broken by the time all the Three Suns set, Leoric would never be able to revert to human form again, but the Spectral Knights found out what had happened and Witterquick went to confront Heskedor in her c
The New Avengers (comics)
The New Avengers is a fictional team of superheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The title has been used for four American comic book series; the first two were written by Brian Michael Bendis and depicted a version of Marvel's premiere superhero team, the Avengers. The third was depicted a group of characters called the Illuminati; the fourth is written by Al Ewing and depicts the former scientific terrorist group A. I. M. Reformed as "Avengers Idea Mechanics", whose field team has appropriated the name "New Avengers" for itself; the New Avengers is a spin-off of the long-running Marvel Comics series The Avengers. The first issue, written by Brian Michael Bendis and penciled by David Finch, was dated January 2005 but appeared in November 2004. Finch penciled the first six issues and issues #11-13. Succeeding pencilers with multiple-issue runs include Steve McNiven, Leinil Francis Yu, Billy Tan, Stuart Immonen; the roster at first comprises Luke Cage, Captain America, Iron Man, Spider-Man and "Spider-Woman".
Stretches included the mutant X-Man Wolverine, the unstable and godlike Sentry, the deaf ninja Echo, in the guise of Ronin. The team itself was not named the "New Avengers" within the series. A splinter group of Avengers that chose not to comply with federal superhuman registration, the team considers itself the authentic Avengers. A concurrent government-sanctioned team gathered in the sister series The Mighty Avengers; this series launched in early 2007 and was itself supplanted by a different government-sanctioned team in the series Dark Avengers, launched in late 2008. At this time the team welcomed Clint Barton as Ronin, as well as Iron Fist. By the end of the first volume, the New Avengers team consisted of Ronin, Captain America, Ms. Marvel, Spider-Man, Spider-Woman and team leader Luke Cage. Writer Brian Michael Bendis said in an interview that these characters are the authentic Avengers because Captain America said they were; this statement is repeated when the team, believing Captain America is alive, attempts to rescue him.
Spider-Man claims. Luke Cage contends; the series ended at the conclusion of the "Siege" storyline. A one-shot titled The New Avengers: Finale was released. In March 2010, Marvel announced the series would be relaunched in June as part of the company's rebranding initiative, "Heroic Age". In the first issue of the series, the new team consisted of Luke Cage, Victoria Hand, Iron Fist, Jessica Jones, Mockingbird, Ms. Marvel, Spider-Man, The Thing, Wolverine. Wolverine and Spider-Man operated on the main Avengers team as well as the New Avengers, Doctor Strange accepted an offer to join the team after their first mission while searching for the new Sorcerer Supreme after the death of Doctor Voodoo. Daredevil joined the team in issue # 16 after accepting an offer from Jessica Jones. Jessica left the team for personal reasons and was joined by Luke Cage, thus ending that iteration of the team. New Avengers was renumbered as a new volume in January 2013, written by Jonathan Hickman and drawn by Steve Epting.
The new volume shifted its focus to the powerful group known as the Illuminati, which includes Black Bolt, Captain America, Doctor Strange, Iron Man, Mister Fantastic, Namor, who reassembled to confront the threat of incursions. Black Panther and Reed Richards discovered that universal decay centered on Earth was causing universes to collide with one another, with Earth at the focal point. In issue #3, Black Panther, who had opposed the existence of the Illuminati, joined the group, the Beast was brought in to fill the spot vacated by the death of Professor X. In the same issue, Captain America leaves. In issue #12, after having helped the Illuminati to defeat Thanos's army, Black Bolt's brother Maximus joined the team. Bruce Banner joined the team in Avengers Vol. 5 #28 after discovering the universal decay on his own. Volume 4 of New Avengers launched in October 2015 as a part of the All-New, All-Different Marvel relaunch, written by Al Ewing with art by Gerardo Sandoval; the comic features a different team from the past three volumes: it focuses on A.
I. M. A former super-villain group, rebranded as the Avengers Idea Mechanics, their field team which has taken the name of the New Avengers. Sunspot is the new head of A. I. M. with Songbird as the field leader. H. I. E. L. D. There is a schism in the team: Wiccan and Squirrel Girl are expelled from A. I. M. and informed by Sunspot. I. M. as well. Hawkeye, fired from S. H. I. E. L. D. Later rejoins the trio of remaining New Avengers to form a lineup jokingly called "Wiccan's Kooky Quartet". During the events of Civil War II, the New Avengers assist A. I. M. on one last mission, which Hawkeye sits out for reasons of plausible deniability. After Sunspot's funeral, Advanced Idea Mechanics is declared dead so the team breaks up. Following a reign of destruction by an insane Scarlet Witch, the Avengers disband. Six months with the Fantastic Four and the X-Men unable to act, the supervillain Electro shuts down power at the Raft, a "maximum-maximum security" prison for super-powered criminals, allowing for a mass b