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Hasfield is a civil parish in Gloucestershire,England, lies six miles south-west of Tewkesbury and seven miles north of Gloucester. It is situated on the west bank of the River Severn. Hasfield is represented by the county councillor for Severn Vale division and the two borough councillors for Highnam with Haw Bridge ward on Tewkesbury Borough Council. Hasfield parish is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, noting it had 59 villagers, 54 smallholders and 51 slaves while in 2010 the Gloucestershire County council estimated there were 111 residents; the parish became the seat of the Pauncefootes of Pauncefoote Court in 1199 and remained in their hands until 1598. All that remains of the original manor house appears to be an ancient gateway with several blank escutcheons found near the parish church. Hasfield Court is built on the same site and it is a heritage building, listed by English Heritage as a Grade II* building; the manor house once belonged to the architect Thomas Fulljames. The house was sold in 1863 to a bachelor, of Fenton House, Staffs.

He owned a pottery at Fenton where he built Christ Church. His nephew, William Meath Baker, was a patron and friend of Sir Edward Elgar, who based his Enigma Variation no. 4 on him, nos. 3 and 10 on WMB's brother-in-law and niece. Hasfield Court remains in the ownership of the Meath Baker family; the Parish Church, called St. Peter's when it was established in the 14th century, is now dedicated to St. Mary, it has a square tower. The tower, which houses the church's four bells, is decorated with crenellations and gargoyle-like figures that double as waterspouts. Inside the church are numerous notable artifacts, including several stained glass windows, a Norman font, a monument to lady Pauncefort for sending her "right hand" to Palestine to ransom her lord from the infidels. English Heritage has listed St Mary's as a Grade I heritage building; the Old Rectory as it is now called, situated next to St Mary's, was constructed in 1837 and retains much of its original character. The rather grand and large Tudor-Gothic building, in private hands since 1957, is constructed of yellow limestone and adorned with several gables and bay windows.

The Old Rectory is an English Heritage Grade II listed building. A new rectory was built off-site; the Great House of Hasfield is an English Heritage Grade. The exterior presents rather unusually in that it is constructed in three styles, with various sections being of brick, or of stone, yet others of timber-framing; the yellow-sandstone centre part of the house was the earliest constructed. The north side is reddish brick and some stone, it was reported the timber-framed west wing was added in the 19th century to improve the sight view from Hasfield Court, with which it shares ownership. William Meath Baker of Hasfield Court - High Sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1896. Hasfield Court

Malaysian motor vehicle import duties

Malaysian motor vehicle import duties is an article describing the excise duty on imported vehicles into the country. Malaysia's car industry is dominated by two local manufacturers which are supported by the government through National Car Policy e.g. trade barriers. These local manufacturers are Perodua; these excise duties imposed on foreign manufactured cars have made them expensive for consumers in Malaysia. These taxes are one of the highest in the world; this makes most foreign cars expensive for buyers, although cheaper in other countries. These taxes cause a foreign car to cost three times or 200% more than the original price. CBU = Complete built up CKD = Complete knock down MFN = Most favoured nation ASEAN CEPT = Association of Southeast Asian Nations Common Effective Preferential Tariff Source: Source: Source: Source: Source:

Article_9971dce0-c0a81573-3edb3edb-686eb8ad Automotive industry in Malaysia

Privilegium Maius

The Privilegium maius was a medieval document forged in 1358 or 1359 at the behest of Duke Rudolf IV of Austria of the House of Habsburg. It was a modified version of the Privilegium minus issued by Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in 1156, which had elevated the former March of Austria into a duchy. In a similar way, the Privilegium maius elevated the duchy into an Archduchy of Austria; the privileges described in the document had great influence on the Austrian political landscape, created a unique connection between the House of Habsburg and Austria. The House of Habsburg had gained rulership of the Duchy of Austria in 1282. Rudolph IV attempted to restore the Habsburg influence on the European political scene by trying to build relations with Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg and increasing the respect of the Austrian rulers. However, Rudolph IV did not belong to the seven Prince-electors, who—as dictated by the Golden Bull of 1356—had the power to choose the king. In the same way Charles IV had made Prague the center of his rule, Rudolph did the same for Vienna, giving it special privileges, launching construction projects and founding the University of Vienna.

All this aimed at increasing the influence of the House and its Austrian lands. For this purpose, in the winter of 1358/1359, Rudolph IV ordered the creation of a forged document called Privilegium maius; the Privilegium maius consists of five forged deeds, some of which purported to have been issued by Julius Caesar and Nero to the historic Roman regnum Noricum province similar to the modern Austrian borders. Though purposefully modeled on the Privilegium minus, the original of which "got lost" at the same time, the bundle was identified as a fake by contemporaries such as the Italian scholar Petrarch. In the Privilegium maius, Rudolf IV declared Austria an "archduchy", endowed with rights similar to those of the prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire such as: inseparability of the territory automatic inheritance of the first-born extended to female heirs in the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 in favour of Archduchess Maria Theresa independent jurisdiction and legislature, without any possibility to appeal to the Emperor permission to display certain symbols of ruleRudolf created the title Pfalzerzherzog, similar to the Elector Palatine of the Rhine, the holder of an electoral vote.

The first Habsburg ruler who used the title of an archduke was Ernest of Iron, ruler of Inner Austria from 1406 to 1424. From the 15th century onward, all princes of the Habsburg dynasty were called Erzherzöge. Emperor Charles IV refused to confirm the Privilegium maius, the forgery being recognised by his advisor, the poet and scholar Petrarch. However, the Habsburg Frederick V of Austria after his election as Holy Roman Emperor was able to grant himself permission to assume the archducal title again confirmed by his descendants Rudolf II and Charles VI, it did not, involve the electoral dignity itself and in 1519 Archduke Charles I had to borrow an enormous sum from Jacob Fugger to bribe the prince-electors to secure his succession as rex Romanorum against his rival for the position, Francis I of France. The Privilegium maius had great influence on the Austrian political landscape; the Habsburg archduke arrogated an king-like position, demonstrated this to outsiders through the usage of special insignia.

The Habsburgs gained a new foundation for their rule in these lands. Thus, the forgery was a success; the family subsequently published special editions of the documents, forbade all discussion of their authenticity. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Privilegium maius lost its meaning. In 1852, it was proven a forgery by historian Wilhelm Wattenbach. Privilegium maius at the Aeiou Encyclopedia

Trichodesmium erythraeum

Trichodesmium erythraeum is a species of cyanobacteria that are unique in being visible to the naked eye. This species is known as "sea sawdust", it was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook off the coast of Australia. This is a prolific nitrogen-fixing and phosphorus reducing species of bacteria that fixes half of the nitrogen in the food chain of the ocean and contributes to the turn over of phosphorus. Unlike other bacteria, it can photosynthesize; this is a colonial species that forms long filaments and tends to accumulate with other Trichodesmium. It is motile; some of the bacteria in the colony fix the nitrogen, others are specialized for photosynthesis. However, the two processes must be done with two of them, because the oxygen byproduct that results from photosynthesis would interfere with the nitrogen-fixing process; this is done either by, having two separate cells share resources with each other or by separating the processes by time in the same cell. If the cells are physically separated one cell specializes as a diazotroph and undergoes nitrogen fixation while other cells undergo photosynthesis.

Alternatively, T. erythraeum has been shown to separate the processes of photosynthesis and nitrogen fixation in the same cell by separating the time at which these processes occur. When this is done T. erythraeum will stop photosynthesizing at midday or night and begin oxygen scavenging as it begins nitrogen fixation. Additionally, T. erythraeum have gas vesicles -- 70 % of the cell's volume. These vesicles allow T. erythraeum to move in the water coulomb up to 200 m using its buoyancy based on the concentrations of carbohydrates in order to search out nutrients such as nitrogen and iron. T. erythraeum has one of the largest genomes sequenced so far at 7.75 mbp. It has a GC content of 34% and contains 40% non-coding DNA. There is evidence to suggest that the genome is in an expanding dynamic state due to the expansion of the genome through horizontal gene transfer. T. erythraeum shows a 98% homology with T. thiebautii but only a 75% homology with other cyanobacteria such as Oscillatoria. T. erythraeum was isolated off the coast of North Carolina.

It resides in tropical and subtropical areas of the ocean from the surface to 40m however they can travel as deep as 200 m in search of nutrients. They have a pH optima of 7.8–8.4 and an optimal temperature of 24–30 degrees Celsius in aerobic conditions. T. erythraeum can, survive in lower temperatures and through periods of darkness. This species can literally turn the Red Sea a red color that can be seen from outer space; the cause of this is unknown, but most scientists believe that a species of bacteria of the Trichodesmium genus, most this species, is the cause

Deoxycytidine triphosphate

Deoxycytidine triphosphate is a nucleoside triphosphate that contains the pyrimidine base cytosine. The triphosphate group contains high-energy phosphoanhydride bonds, which liberate energy when hydrolized. DNA polymerase enzymes use this energy to incorporate deoxycytidine into a newly synthesized strand of DNA. A chemical equation can be written that represents the process: n + dCTP ↔ n-C + PPiThat is, dCTP has the PPi cleaved off and the dCMP is incorporated into the DNA strand at the 3' end. Subsequent hydrolysis of the PPi drives the equilibrium of the reaction toward the right side, i.e. incorporation of the nucleotide in the growing DNA chain. Like other nucleoside triphosphates, manufacturers recommend that dCTP be stored in aqueous solution at −20 °C. DNA replication Definitive Guide to dNTPs

Unionville, Georgia

Unionville is a census-designated place in Tift County, United States. The population was 2,074 at the 2000 census. Unionville took its name in the 1880s from the Union Lumber Company. Unionville is located at 31°26′7″N 83°30′32″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.8 square miles, all land. At the 2000 census, there were 2,074 people, 750 households and 521 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 2,766.6 per square mile. There were 859 housing units at an average density of 1,145.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 1.45% White, 96.96% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.68% from other races, 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population. There were 750 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.3% were married couples living together, 30.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.37. 29.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.7 males. The median household income was $23,430 and the median family income was $23,372. Males had a median income of $22,143 compared with $19,223 for females; the per capita income was $11,699. About 33.4% of families and 33.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.3% of those under age 18 and 32.2% of those age 65 or over. In 2010, Unionville had the 17th-lowest median household income of all places in the United States with a population over 1,000