Kinema Junpo, commonly called Kinejun, is Japans oldest film magazine and began publication in July 1919. It was first published three times a month, using the Japanese Jun system of dividing months into three parts, but the postwar Kinema Junpō has been published twice a month. The magazine was founded by a group of four students, including Saburō Tanaka, in that first month, it was published three times on days with a 1 in them. These first three issues were printed on art paper and had four pages each, Kinejun initially specialized in covering foreign films, in part because its writers sided with the principles of the Pure Film Movement and strongly criticized Japanese cinema. It expanded coverage to films released in Japan, while long emphasizing film criticism, it has served as a trade journal, reporting on the film industry in Japan and announcing new films and trends. The Kinema Junpo awards began in 1926, and their 10 best list is considered iconic and prestigious
The Ballad of Narayama (1958 film)
The Ballad of Narayama is a 1958 Japanese period film directed by Keisuke Kinoshita and based on the 1956 novella of the same name by Shichirō Fukazawa. The film explores the practice of obasute, in which elderly people were carried to a mountain. In a June 1961 review in The New York Times, A. H, during the 2012 Cannes Film Festival, a digitally restored version of the film was screened out of competition, as part of the festivals Cannes Classics selections. And yet for all its solemn reverence, its one of the eras most radical experiments, shot exclusively on soundstages, save for one brief final scene, the film consolidates two distinct mediums and cinema, into an analysis of both aesthetic functionality and affinity. By not masking his chosen conceptual conceit, Kinoshita is free to explore the formulations, cronk concludes Kinoshita respects the source material and conventions of the culture hes depicting so much. that the film plays more like a cinematic elegy than cosmetic theater. When the film cuts in its final scene to actual location footage, it isnt jarring so much as relieving, official website The Ballad of Narayama at the Internet Movie Database The Ballad of Narayama at the Japanese Movie Database The Ballad of Narayama at AllMovie Kemp, Philip
Haruo Tanaka was a Japanese film actor noted for his supporting roles in a career that spanned seven decades. Tanaka was born in Kyoto and quit school in order to become a film actor and he eventually moved up to secondary leads and even into leading roles against actresses such as Ranko Hanai and Haruyo Ichikawa, but he never succeeded as a matinee idol. Following Masaichi Nagata, he moved to Daiichi Eiga and Shinkō Kinema before eventually going freelance. He appeared in over 250 films, both gendaigeki and jidaigeki, by such as Yasujirō Ozu, Kenji Mizoguchi, Sadao Yamanaka, Akira Kurosawa, Tomu Uchida, Mikio Naruse. He was particularly skilled at comic roles and he appeared in many jidaigeki on television
Movietone News is a newsreel that ran from 1928 to 1963 in the United States, and – as British Movietone News – from 1929 to 1979 in the United Kingdom. It evolved from an earlier established by Fox Films called Fox News which was founded in 1919. When Fox entered talkies with Mother Knows Best the name Fox Movietone was applied to Foxs sound productions. It is known in the U. S. as Fox Movietone News, produced cinema, sound newsreels from 1928 to 1963 in the U. S. from 1929 to 1979 in the UK, and from 1929 to 1975 in Australia. One of the earliest in the series featured George Bernard Shaw Talks to Movietone News, sir Harry Lauder appeared in test sound films made at the Fox Studios in New York City during the winter-spring of 1927. One installment, Fox Grandeur News, was released on May 26,1929, in Foxs short-lived widescreen process Grandeur, hearst Metrotone News initially leased the Case Research Lab patents from William Fox for its sound newsreels. Each of these studios used this system of recording sound film for news items because it was an easily transported single-system of sound-on-film recording, a regular narrator of the newsreels was broadcaster/journalist Lowell Thomas.
After Fox Films merged with 20th Century Pictures in 1935 to form 20th Century-Fox, in Australia and Cinesound were competitors for newsreel coverage, but have now combined under the Movietone News name. The University of South Carolina Moving Image Research Collections has a portion of the Fox Movietone newsreel collection, the rest of it is owned and managed by the Fox Film Corporations corporate successor, Fox News Channel. During its early years, Fox News Channel had a show which played the newsreels. British Movietone is owned separately by the films successor-in-interest, operating under the name British Movietonews Ltd, British Movietone is represented by AP Archive in the UK. In the United States, licensing of those newsreels is handled by ABC News, in September 2016, it was announced that the British Movitone archive had been acquired by Associated Press. The Academy Film Archive houses the 20th Century Fox Movietone Shorts and Documentaries Series Collection
Attack on Pearl Harbor
The attack, known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor, led to the United States entry into World War II. The Japanese military leadership referred to the attack as the Hawaii Operation and Operation AI, Japan intended the attack as a preventive action to keep the U. S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions they planned in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States. Over the next seven hours there were coordinated Japanese attacks on the U. S. -held Philippines and Wake Island and on the British Empire in Malaya, the attack commenced at 7,48 a. m. The base was attacked by 353 Imperial Japanese fighter planes, all eight U. S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four sunk. All but the USS Arizona were raised, and six were returned to service, the Japanese sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer. 188 U. S. aircraft were destroyed,2,403 Americans were killed and 1,178 others were wounded.
Important base installations such as the station, maintenance. Japanese losses were light,29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, one Japanese sailor, Kazuo Sakamaki, was captured. The surprise attack came as a shock to the American people. The following day, December 8, the United States declared war on Japan, the U. S. responded with a declaration of war against Germany and Italy. Domestic support for non-interventionism, which had been fading since the Fall of France in 1940, Roosevelt to proclaim December 7,1941, a date which will live in infamy. Because the attack happened without a declaration of war and without explicit warning, over the next decade, Japan continued to expand into China, leading to all-out war between those countries in 1937. Japan spent considerable effort trying to isolate China and achieve sufficient resource independence to attain victory on the mainland, from December 1937, events such as the Japanese attack on USS Panay, the Allison incident, and the Nanking Massacre swung public opinion in the West sharply against Japan.
Fearing Japanese expansion, the United States, the United Kingdom, in 1940, Japan invaded French Indochina in an effort to control supplies reaching China. The United States halted shipments of airplanes, machine tools, and aviation gasoline to Japan, an invasion of the Philippines was considered necessary by Japanese war planners. War Plan Orange had envisioned defending the Philippines with a 40 and this was opposed by Douglas MacArthur, who felt that he would need a force ten times that size, and was never implemented. By 1941, U. S. planners anticipated abandonment of the Philippines at the outbreak of war and orders to that effect were given in late 1941 to Admiral Thomas Hart, commander of the Asiatic Fleet
Setsuko Hara was a Japanese actress. In the West, she is best known for her performances in Yasujirō Ozus films Late Spring and Tokyo Story, Setsuko Hara was born Masae Aida in what is now Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama in a family with three sons and five daughters. Her elder sister was married to film director Hisatora Kumagai, which gave her an entry into the world of the cinema and she went to work for Nikkatsu Studios in Tamagawa, outside Tokyo and her debut was at the age of 15 in Do Not Hesitate Young Folks. Hara came to prominence as an actress in the 1937 German-Japanese co-production Die Tochter des Samurai, known in Japan as Atarashiki Tsuchi, directed by Arnold Fanck, in the film, Hara plays a maiden who unsuccessfully attempts to immolate herself in a volcano. She continued to portray a tragic heroine in many of her films until the end of World War II, Hara starred in Akira Kurosawa’s first post-war film, No Regrets for Our Youth. She worked with director Kimisaburo Yoshimura in A Ball at the Anjo House, in all of these films, she was portrayed as the “new” Japanese woman, looking forward to a bright future.
However, in most of her movies, especially those directed by Yasujirō Ozu and Mikio Naruse she plays the typical Japanese woman, either as daughter, hara’s first film with Yasujirō Ozu was Late Spring, and their collaboration would last for the next twelve years. In Late Spring, she plays Noriko, a daughter who prefers to stay at home and take care of her father than to marry. In Early Summer, she played a character called Noriko, who wanted to get married. Haras last major role was Riku, wife of Ōishi Yoshio, who never married, is called the Eternal Virgin in Japan and is a symbol of the golden era of Japanese cinema of the 1950s. She quit acting in 1963, and subsequently led a life in Kamakura. For years, people would speculate about her reasons for leaving the public eye, after more than half a century of seclusion, Hara died of pneumonia at a hospital in Kanagawa prefecture, Japan, on September 5,2015, at the age of 95. Her death was not reported by the media until November 25,2015, the anime film Millennium Actress, directed by Satoshi Kon, is partly based on the life of Hara, although it was produced and released more than a decade prior to her death.
Giants of Japan, The Lives of Japans Greatest Men and Women, Film Studies and Japanese Cinema. ISBN0822325195 Setsuko Hara at the Internet Movie Database Setsuko Hara at AllMovie JMDb Profile Setsuko Hara at Ozu-san. com
Ikiru is a 1952 Japanese drama film directed and co-written by Akira Kurosawa and starring Takashi Shimura. The film examines the struggles of a terminally ill Tokyo bureaucrat, the screenplay was partly inspired by Leo Tolstoys 1886 novella The Death of Ivan Ilyich. The major themes of the film include learning how to live, the inefficiency of bureaucracy, and decaying family life in Japan, the film has received widespread critical acclaim, and in Japan won awards for Best Film at the Kinema Junpo and Mainichi Film Awards. It was remade as a film in 2007. Kanji Watanabe is a man who has worked in the same monotonous bureaucratic position for thirty years. His wife is dead and his son and daughter-in-law, who live with him, seem to care mainly about Watanabes pension and their future inheritance. At work, he sees constant inaction, including a group of parents who are referred to one department after another when they want a cesspool cleared out and replaced by a playground. After learning he has cancer and less than a year to live.
He plans to tell his son about the cancer, but decides against it when his son does not pay attention to him and he tries to find escape in the pleasures of Tokyos nightlife, guided by an eccentric novelist whom he just met. In a nightclub, Watanabe requests a song from the piano player and his singing greatly affects those watching him. After one night submerged in the nightlife, he realizes this is not the solution, the following day, Watanabe encounters a young female subordinate, who needs his signature on her resignation. He is attracted to her joyous love of life and enthusiasm and she eventually becomes suspicious of his intentions and grows weary of him. After convincing her to him for the last time, he opens up. Inspired by her, Watanabe realizes that it is not too late for him, like Toyo, he wants to make something, but is unsure what he can make in the city bureaucracy until he remembers the lobbying for a playground. He surprises everyone by returning to work after a long absence, Watanabe dies, and at his wake, his former co-workers gather, after the opening of the playground, and try to figure out what caused such a dramatic change in his behavior.
His transformation from listless bureaucrat to passionate advocate puzzles them, as the co-workers drink, they slowly realize that Watanabe must have known he was dying, even when his son denies this, as he was unaware of his fathers condition. They hear from a witness that in the last few moments in Watanabes life, as the snow fell, he sang Gondola no Uta. The bureaucrats vow to live their lives with the dedication and passion as he did