Republic Pictures Corporation was an American motion picture production-distribution corporation in operation from 1935 to 1967, based in Los Angeles, California. It had studio facilities in a movie ranch in Encino, it was best known for specializing in serials and B films emphasizing mystery and action. Republic was notable for developing the careers of John Wayne, Gene Autry and Roy Rogers, it was responsible for the financing and distribution of several John Ford-directed films during the 1940s and early 1950s and one Shakespeare film, directed by Orson Welles. Under Herbert J. Yates, Republic was considered a mini-major film studio. Created in 1935 by Herbert J. Yates, a longtime investor in film and owner of the film processing laboratory Consolidated Film Industries, Republic was formed by Yates' acquisition of six smaller independent Poverty Row studios. In the depths of the Great Depression, Yates' laboratory was no longer servicing the major studios, which had developed their own in-house laboratories for purposes of both economy and control, while the small, independent producers were going under in the face of Depression-born increased competition from the majors combined with the general impact of the depressed economy.
In 1935 he thus decided to create a studio of his own to insure Consolidated's stability. Six surviving small companies were all in debt to Yates' lab, he prevailed upon these studios to merge under his leadership or else face foreclosure on their outstanding lab bills. Yates' new company, Republic Pictures Corporation, was presented to their producer-owners as a collaborative enterprise focused on low-budget product; the largest of Republic's components was Monogram Pictures, run by producers Trem Carr and W. Ray Johnston, which specialized in "B" films and operated a nationwide distribution system; the most technologically advanced of the studios that now comprised Republic was Nat Levine's Mascot Pictures Corporation, making serials exclusively since the mid-'20s and had a first-class production facility, the former Mack Sennett-Keystone lot in Studio City. Mascot had just discovered Gene Autry and signed him to a contract as a singing cowboy star. Larry Darmour's Majestic Pictures had developed an exhibitor following with big-name stars and rented sets giving his humble productions a polished look.
Republic took its original "Liberty Bell" logo from M. H. Hoffman's Liberty Pictures as well as Hoffman's talents as a low-budet film producer. Chesterfield Pictures and Invincible Pictures, two sister companies under the same ownership, were skilled in producing low-budget melodramas and mysteries. Acquiring and integrating these six companies enabled Republic to begin life with an experienced production staff, a company of veteran B-film supporting players and at least one promising star, a complete distribution system and a functioning and modern studio. In exchange for merging, the principals were promised independence in their productions under the Republic aegis, higher budgets with which to improve the quality of the films. After he had learned the basics of film production and distribution from his partners, Yates began asserting more and more authority over their film departments, dissension arose in the ranks. Carr and Johnston left and reactivated Monogram Pictures in 1937. Meanwhile, Yates installed a staff of new, "associate" producers.
Freed of partners, Yates presided over what was now his film studio and acquiring senior production and management staff who served him as employees, not experienced peers with independent ideas and agendas. Republic acquired Brunswick Records to record its singing cowboys Gene Autry and Roy Rogers and hired Cy Feuer as head of its music department. At the 1958 annual meeting, Yates announced the end of motion picture production. In its early years Republic was itself sometimes labelled a "Poverty Row" company, as its primary products were B movies and serials. Republic, showed more interest in — and provided larger budgets to — these films than many of the larger studios were doing, more than other independents were able to; the heart of the company was its westerns, its many western-film leads — among them John Wayne, Gene Autry, Rex Allen and Roy Rogers — became recognizable stars at Republic. However, by the mid-'40s Yates was producing better-quality pictures, mounting big-budget fare like The Quiet Man, Sands of Iwo Jima, Johnny Guitar and The Maverick Queen.
Another distinguishing aspect of the studio was Yates' avoidance of any controversial subject matter, adhering to the Breen Office, in contrast to the other studios which dodged the Production Code. In 1947 Republic incorporated animation into its Gene Autry feature film Sioux City Sue, it turned out well enough for the studio to dabble in animated cartoons. After leaving Warner Bros. in 1946, Bob Clampett approached Republic and wound up directing a single cartoon, It's a Grand Old Nag, featuring the equine character Charlie Horse. Republic management, had second thoughts owing to dwindling profits, discontinued the series. Clampett took his directio
The Lone Ranger Rides Again
The Lone Ranger Rides Again is a 1939 American Republic serial. It was a sequel to Republic's 1938 serial The Lone Ranger, successful, the thirteenth of the sixty-six serials produced by Republic; the serial was considered lost for a long time but copies, with Spanish subtitles, have since been found and re-issued. Homesteaders moving into a valley in New Mexico are being attacked by the Black Raiders; the valley had been settled by rancher Craig Dolan, who does not want the new homesteaders to be there. His son, has taken matters into his own hands and formed the Black Raiders; the Lone Ranger attempts to aid the homesteaders but he is hampered by the fact that he has been framed for being part of the Raiders. In particular, Juan Vasquez believes that he killed his brother, although when this is disproven he becomes another of the Lone Ranger's partners. However, the Ranger is forced to remove the mask and operate under the name of "Bill Andrews" at times in order to protect the homesteaders.
Main castRobert Livingston as undercover as homesteader Bill Andrews. Avoiding the deliberate mystery of the radio show and the gradual revelation of the first serial, the Lone Ranger is revealed as Bill Andrews from the start. Livingston replaced Lee Powell from the first serial. Chief Thundercloud as Tonto, the Lone Ranger's sidekick Silver Chief as Silver, the Lone Ranger's horse. Silver Chief replaced the horse in the original serial. Duncan Renaldo as Juan Vasquez, who believes the Lone Ranger killed his brother Jinx Falken as Sue Dolan Ralph Dunn as Bart Dolan, Craig Dolan's son, the villain and leader of the Black Raiders J. Farrell MacDonald as Craig DolanSupporting castWilliam Gould as Jed Scott Rex Lease as Evans Ted Mapes as Merritt, a settler Henry Otho as Pa Daniels John Beach as Hardin, one of the Black Raiders Glenn Strange as Thorne, one of the Black Raiders Stanley Blystone as Murdock, one of the Black Raiders Eddie Parker as Hank, one of the Black Raiders Al Taylor as Colt, one of the Black Raiders Carlton Young as Logan Forrest Taylor as Judge MillerAdditional castBilly Bletcher as the voice of The Lone Ranger.
Bletcher voiced the Ranger in the previous serial. The Lone Ranger Rides Again was budgeted at $193,878 although the final negative cost was $213,997, it was the most expensive Republic serial of 1939 and the second most expensive of all Republic serials after Captain America, just beating Secret Service in Darkest Africa. The studio was willing to spend so much on this serial because the previous Lone Ranger serial had been a major success and was making a profit after only a few months on release, it was filmed between 9 December 1938 and 20 January 1939 under the working title The Lone Ranger Returns. The serial's production number was 895. Director William Witney did not believe the script was as good as the original The Lone Ranger but for the first time the directors insisted on being part of the casting process for this serial. Yakima Canutt Tommy Coats George DeNormand Ted Mapes Eddie Parker Post Park David Sharpe Ted Wells Bud Wolfe Bill Yrigoyen Joe Yrigoyen The Lone Ranger Rides Again's official release date is 25 February 1939, although this is the date the seventh chapter was made available to film exchanges.
The Lone Ranger Returns Masked Victory The Black Raiders Strike The Cavern of Doom Agents of Deceit The Trap Lone Ranger at Bay Ambush Wheels of Doom The Dangerous Captive (16 min 37 Death Below Blazing Peril -- Re-Cap Chapter Exposed Besieged Frontier Justice Source: List of film serials List of film serials by studio The Lone Ranger Rides Again on IMDb The Lone Ranger Rides Again at AllMovie The Lone Ranger serials at B-Westerns The Lone Ranger Rides Again at Endeavor Comics
Monte Blue was a movie actor who began his career as a romantic leading man in the silent film era, progressed to character roles. Blue was born in Indiana, his father was half Osage Indian. When his father died, his mother could not rear five children alone, so Blue and one of his brothers were admitted to the Indiana Soldiers' and Sailors' Children's Home, he worked his way through Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana. Blue grew to six feet, three inches tall, he played football and worked as a fireman, railroad worker, coal miner, ranch hand, circus rider and day laborer at the studios of D. W. Griffith. Blue had no theatrical experience, his first movie was The Birth of a Nation, in which he was an extra. Next, he played another small part in Intolerance, he was a stuntman or stand-in for Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree during the making of Macbeth. Moving to supporting roles for both D. W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille, Blue earned his breakthrough role as Danton in Orphans of the Storm, starring sisters Lillian and Dorothy Gish.
He rose to stardom as a rugged romantic lead along with top leading actresses such as Clara Bow, Gloria Swanson, Norma Shearer. He was most partnered with Marie Prevost, with whom he made several films in the mid-1920s at Warner Bros. Blue's finest silent-screen performance was as the alcoholic doctor who finds paradise in MGM's White Shadows in the South Seas. Blue became one of the few silent stars to survive the talkie revolution, he rebuilt his career as a character actor, working until his retirement from films in 1954, though he continued playing character roles in various television series until 1960 Westerns, such as Annie Oakley, starring Gail Davis and Brad Johnson. One of his more memorable roles was as the sheriff in Key Largo opposite Lionel Barrymore. For his contributions to the motion pictures industry, Monte Blue received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6290 Hollywood Boulevard on February 8, 1960. Blue divorced his first wife in 1923 and married Tova Jansen in 1924, he had Barbara Ann and Richard Monte.
During the part of his life, Blue was an active Mason and the advance man for the Hamid-Morton Shrine Circus. He is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California alongside his mother-in-law, Bodil Rosing. Monte Blue on IMDb Literature on Monte Blue Monte Blue portraits in the J. Willis Sayre collection of the University of Washington
Richard M. Wessel was an American film actor. Born in Milwaukee, Wessel appeared in more than 270 films between 1935 and 1966, he is best remembered for his chilling portrayal of the ruthless strangler Harry "Cueball" Lake in Dick Tracy vs. Cueball. One of his first film parts was a bit in a Laurel and Hardy feature film, Bonnie Scotland, but modern viewers will remember Wessel for his appearances in the Three Stooges short subjects Punchy Cowpunchers and Fright Night, the latter in which he played Chopper Kane, its remake Fling in the Ring. From 1959 to 1961, Wessel co-starred as Carney Kohler in all forty-two episodes of Darren McGavin's NBC western television series, set along the Mississippi River prior to the American Civil War. In 1959, he appeared as police captain Bob Rattigan in the episode "Rattigan and the Cat" of the syndicated Border Patrol series, starring Richard Webb, he appeared in the John Bromfield syndicated crime drama, Sheriff of Cochise. He was cast as Charlie in "A Kind of a Stopwatch" of CBS's The Twilight Zone.
He guest starred in Jackie Cooper's CBS sitcom/drama Hennesey and on Stanley Holloway's ABC sitcom, Our Man Higgins. Wessel died of a sudden heart attack at his home in California on his 52nd birthday, he had just finished his role as Eddie the garbage man in the Disney film The Ugly Dachshund. Voice artist Paul Frees dubbed in Wessel's voice during post-production. Dick Wessel on IMDb
Harold Herman Brix known as Bruce Bennett, was an American actor and Olympic silver medalist in the shot put. Brix was the fourth child in a family of five of an immigrant couple from Germany, his eldest brother, their father's favored son, died before Harold's birth. To please his father, by high school, he had discontinued using his own first name in favor of his middle name, his father was a lumber man. His first career was as an athlete. At the University of Washington, where he majored in economics, he played football in the 1926 Rose Bowl and was a track-and-field star. Two years he won the Silver medal for the shot put in the 1928 Olympic Games, he won four consecutive AAU shot put titles, the NCAA title in 1927, the AAU indoor titles in 1930 and 1932. In 1930 he set a world indoor record at 15.61 m. In 1932 he set his personal best at 16.07 m, but did worse at the Olympic trials and failed to qualify for the Los Angeles Games. Brix moved to Los Angeles in 1929 after being invited to compete for the Los Angeles Athletic Club and befriended actor Douglas Fairbanks Jr. who arranged a screen test for him at Paramount.
In 1931, MGM, adapting author Edgar Rice Burroughs's popular Tarzan adventures for the screen, selected Brix to play the title character. Brix, broke his shoulder filming the 1931 football film Touchdown, so swimming champion Johnny Weissmuller replaced Brix and became a major star. After Ashton Dearholt convinced Burroughs to allow him to form Burroughs-Tarzan Enterprises, Inc. and make a Tarzan serial film, Dearholt cast Brix in the lead. Pressbook copy has it that Burroughs made the choice himself, but, in fact, in his biography, Brix confirmed that Burroughs never saw him until after the contract was signed, only briefly; the film was begun on location under rugged conditions. Brix did his own stunts, including a fall to rocky cliffs below; the Washington Post quoted Gabe Essoe's passage from his book Tarzan of the Movies: "Brix's portrayal was the only time between the silents and the 1960s that Tarzan was depicted in films. He was mannered, soft-spoken, a well educated English lord who spoke several languages, didn't grunt."
Due to financial mismanagement, Dearholt had to complete filming of much of the serial back in Hollywood, Brix, although his travel and daily living expenses in Guatemala were covered throughout the shoot, never received his contracted salary, along with the rest of the cast. The finished film, The New Adventures of Tarzan, was released in 1935 by Burroughs-Tarzan, offered to theatres as a 12-chapter serial or a seven-reel feature. A second feature and the Green Goddess, was culled from the footage in 1938, he portrayed the titular hero in Republic's serial Hawk of the Wilderness. Brix continued to work in serials and action features for low-budget studios until 1939. Finding himself still typecast as Tarzan in the minds of major producers, Brix changed his name to "Bruce Bennett" and became a member of Columbia Pictures' stock company. During the next few years he would be seen playing minor roles in many Columbia films, ranging from expensive dramas to B mysteries and Three Stooges shorts, such as How High Is Up?
His screen career was interrupted by World War II. Bennett appeared in many films in the 1940s and early 1950s, including Sahara with Humphrey Bogart, Mildred Pierce with Joan Crawford, Nora Prentiss with Ann Sheridan, Dark Passage with Bogart and Lauren Bacall, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre with Bogart and Walter Huston, Mystery Street with Ricardo Montalban, Sudden Fear with Joan Crawford and Gloria Grahame and Strategic Air Command with James Stewart; the Washington Post noted, "Bennett moved into grittier roles in the late 1940s and early 1950s, playing a detective in William Castle's Undertow and a forensic scientist who helps solve a crime in John Sturges' Mystery Street. He portrayed an ageing baseball player in Angels in the Outfield. In 1954, Bennett played William Quantrill, the Confederate guerrilla figure, in an episode of the syndicated television series Stories of the Century and narrated by Jim Davis. Bennett made five guest appearances on Perry Mason, including his role as murder victim Lawrence Balfour in the 1958 episode "The Case of the Lucky Loser" and as murderer Dan Morgan in the 1961 episode "The Case of the Misguided Missile."
He was in five episodes of Science Fiction Theatre. Bennett had two children, Christopher Brix and Christina Katich, by longtime wife Jeannette, who died in 2000, they named their children after his parents. They had two great-grandchildren. From the mid-1950s on, Bennett appeared in B-films and on television in guest-starring roles. Two films from this period are The Alligator People and the Fiend of Dope Island. Bennett, in fact, portrays the title character. Outside his acting career, Bennett became a successful businessman during the 1960s, he continued to pursue his lifelong interest in parasailing and skydiving. He last skydived at the age of 96. Bennett turned 100 on May 19, 2006, died less than a year in February 2007 of complications from a broken hip. List of centenarians Notes Bibliography Chapman, Mike. Please Don't Call Me Tarzan. Culture House Press Ephraim Katz: Encyclopedia of Film (ISBN 0-333-
The Fighting Devil Dogs
The Fighting Devil Dogs is a 12-chapter Republic movie serial starring Lee Powell and Herman Brix, the latter better known by his stage name, Bruce Bennett. It was directed by John English. While not considered one of the best serials made, as it contains a lot of stock footage and two recap chapters, it is famous for its main villain, The Lightning—the first costumed supervillain. There is some speculation. In Singapore, two Marine Lieutenants, Tom Grayson and Frank Corby, uncover the threat of a masked terrorist called The Lightning, who uses an arsenal of powerful lightning-based weaponry in his bid for world conquest. However, the battle becomes personal when The Lightning annihilates the officers' unit and kills Lt. Grayson's father as he was helping the investigation of the weapon. Now, the marines have dedicated themselves to stopping The Lightning and bringing him to justice... Lee Powell as Lt Tom Grayson Herman Brix as Lt Frank Corby Eleanor Stewart as Janet Warfield Montagu Love as General White Hugh Sothern as Ben Warfield/the Lightning Sam Flint as Col Grayson Perry Ivins as Crenshaw Forrest Taylor as Benson John Picorri as Prof Gould The Fighting Devil Dogs was budgeted at $94,656 although the final negative cost was $92,569 making it one of only three pre-war Republic serials to be produced under budget.
It was the second cheapest of all Republic serials. It has two recap chapters rather than the usual one, in which the entire plot of the serial so far is repeated, makes extensive use of stock footage; the cheapest Republic serial was The Vigilantes Are Coming at $87,655, while the next cheapest after The Fighting Devil Dogs is Undersea Kingdom at $99,222. It was filmed between 10 March and 29 March 1938; the serial's production number was 793. One of the directors, William Witney, believed this to be one of the worst of the serials he made; the Lightning's Flying wing was taken from the earlier Dick Tracy serial. Aviation was one of the most popular serial genres of the early 1930s, along with Westerns and Jungle serials. Aviation films were expected to displace Westerns as the most popular genre but science fiction took over instead. Writer Raymond William Stedman claims that the science fiction Flying Wing in this serial was the beginning of the process that killed interest in ordinary aviation.
The Fighting Devil Dogs' official release date is May 28, 1938, although this is the date the sixth chapter was made available to film exchanges. A 69-minute feature film version, created by editing portions of the serial footage together, was released on January 29, 1943. In the early 1950s, The Fighting Devil Dogs was one of fourteen Republic serials edited to six 26½-minute episodes for TV syndication. Subsequently, it became one of twenty-six Republic serials edited into a TV-movie in 1966, each of which features ran 100 minutes; the title of this version was Torpedo of Doom. The Fighting Devil Dogs is, in Cline's opinion, one of the best mystery serials released, with a "colourful" mystery villain, "stirring" musical score and "magnificent" editing, he notes that it is "apparently one of the least costly" serials released, with two recap chapters and stock footage taken from newsreels and earlier serial releases. He states that it should be included in "any list of the ten best sound serials of all."
The Lightning Strikes The Mill of Disaster The Silenced Witness Cargo of Mystery Undersea Bandits The Torpedo of Doom The Phantom Killer - Recap chapter Tides of Trickery Attack from the Skies In the Camp of the Enemy The Baited Trap - Recap chapter Killer at Bay Source: List of film serials by year List of film serials by studio The Fighting Devil Dogs at the American Film Institute Catalog The Fighting Devil Dogs on IMDb The Fighting Devil Dogs on IMDb
Dick Tracy Returns
Dick Tracy Returns is a Republic Movie serial based on the Dick Tracy comic strip. It was the eleventh of the sixty-six serials Republic produced and a sequel to the 1937 serial Dick Tracy, with Ralph Byrd reprising his role as the title character, it was successful enough that two further sequels were released in 1939 and 1941, Byrd become so connected with the character he went on to play him in a subsequent television series. This serial charts Tracy's efforts to capture the gang of Pa Stark and his five criminal sons.... Champ, Dude, The Kid and Slasher. Tracy and his group must battle saboteurs and spies in his effort to bring down the Stark gang, a major crime family syndicate led by the vicious and brutal Pa Stark. A young promising G-Man named Ron Merton is murdered by the Starks while trying to help Tracy bring the gang to justice. With the help of his friends Gwen and Mike McGurk, Tracy battles the vile criminal gang, kills off Stark's sons one by one, until the only ones left are Pa Stark and his son Champ.
Tracy faces off against Stark in a final battle aboard an out-of-control airplane three miles up in the sky in the final episode. Ralph Byrd as Dick Tracy Lynne Roberts as Gwen Andrews Charles Middleton as Pa Stark. Pa Stark was based on the real criminal Ma Barker. Jerry Tucker as Junior David Sharpe as Agent Ron Merton, a newly trained agent. Lee Ford as Mike McGurk Michael Kent as Agent Steve Lockwood John Merton as Champ Stark Raphael Bennett as Trigger Stark Jack Roberts as Dude Stark Ned Glass as Kid Stark Jack Ingram as Slasher Stark Dick Tracy Returns was budgeted at $156,991 although the final negative cost was $170,940, it was the most expensive Republic serial of 1938 and the most expensive Republic serial until The Lone Ranger Rides Again in 1939. It was the second most expensive of the four Dick Tracy serials, it was filmed between 18 July 1938 under the working title Return of Dick Tracy. The serial's production number was 791. Like in the other three serials of the Republic series, Tracy is depicted as a West Coast FBI agent instead of being, as he is in the original comic strip, a local police detective for a large Midwestern city.
This serial and all the sequels of the original 1937 Dick Tracy serial were permitted by an interpretation of the original contract, which allowed a "series or serial". Therefore, Chester Gould was not paid again for the right to produce this serial; the special effects were created by Republic's in-house team, the Lydecker brothers Earle D. Bunn Yakima Canutt George DeNormand as Dick Tracy Duke Green George Magrill Eddie Parker Allen Pomeroy Loren Riebe Ted Wells Bud Wolfe Dick Tracy Returns' official release date is 20 August 1938, although this is the date the seventh chapter was made available to film exchanges; the serial was re-released on 17 July 1948 between the first runs of Dangers of the Canadian Mounted and Adventures of Frank and Jesse James. VCI released the serial on 2 dvd discs in 2008, it was released together with the other three Dick Tracy serials in a boxed dvd set by VCI in 2013. Cline states that the Dick Tracy serials were "unexcelled in the action field," adding that "in any listing of serials released after 1930, the four Dick Tracy adventures from Republic must stand out as classics of the suspense detective thrillers, the models for many others to follow."
The Sky Wreckers The Runway of Death Handcuffed to Doom Four Seconds to Live Death in the Air Stolen Secrets Tower of Death Cargo of Destruction The Clock of Doom - a re-cap chapter High Voltage The Kidnapped Witness/The Missing Witness The Runaway Torpedo Passengers to Doom - a re-cap chapter In the Hands of the Enemy G-Men's Drag-Net Source:Note: This was one of two 15-chapter Republic serials of 1938. The other two were only 12 chapters long. Dick Tracy Returns on IMDb Dick Tracy Returns at AllMovie Dick Tracy Returns at Todd Gault's Movie Serial Experience