Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the South-Atlantic or Southern region. It is bordered to the south and west by Maryland, north by Pennsylvania, east by New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean; the state takes its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, an English nobleman and Virginia's first colonial governor. Delaware occupies the northeastern portion of the Delmarva Peninsula. It's the sixth most densely populated. Delaware's largest city is Wilmington; the state is divided into the lowest number of any state. From north to south, they are New Castle County, Kent County, Sussex County. While the southern two counties have been predominantly agricultural, New Castle County is more industrialized. Before its coastline was explored by Europeans in the 16th century, Delaware was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans, including the Lenape in the north and Nanticoke in the south, it was colonized by Dutch traders at Zwaanendael, near the present town of Lewes, in 1631.
Delaware was one of the 13 colonies participating in the American Revolution. On December 7, 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, has since been known as "The First State"; the state was named after the Delaware River, which in turn derived its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, the ruling governor of the Colony of Virginia at the time Europeans first explored the river. The Delaware Indians, a name used by Europeans for Lenape people indigenous to the Delaware Valley derive their name from the same source; the surname de La Warr is of Anglo-Norman origin. It came from a Norman lieu-dit La Guerre; this toponymic could derive from the Latin word ager, from the Breton gwern or from the Late Latin varectum. The toponyms Gara, Gaire appear in old texts cited by Lucien Musset, where the word gara means gore, it could be linked with a patronymic from the Old Norse verr. Delaware is 96 miles long and ranges from 9 miles to 35 miles across, totaling 1,954 square miles, making it the second-smallest state in the United States after Rhode Island.
Delaware is bounded to the north by Pennsylvania. Small portions of Delaware are situated on the eastern side of the Delaware River sharing land boundaries with New Jersey; the state of Delaware, together with the Eastern Shore counties of Maryland and two counties of Virginia, form the Delmarva Peninsula, which stretches down the Mid-Atlantic Coast. The definition of the northern boundary of the state is unusual. Most of the boundary between Delaware and Pennsylvania was defined by an arc extending 12 miles from the cupola of the courthouse in the city of New Castle; this boundary is referred to as the Twelve-Mile Circle. Although the Twelve-Mile Circle is claimed to be the only territorial boundary in the United States, a true arc, the Mexican boundary with Texas includes several arcs, many cities in the South have circular boundaries; this border extends all the way east to the low-tide mark on the New Jersey shore continues south along the shoreline until it again reaches the 12-mile arc in the south.
To the west, a portion of the arc extends past the easternmost edge of Maryland. The remaining western border runs east of due south from its intersection with the arc; the Wedge of land between the northwest part of the arc and the Maryland border was claimed by both Delaware and Pennsylvania until 1921, when Delaware's claim was confirmed. Delaware is with the lowest mean elevation of any state in the nation, its highest elevation, located at Ebright Azimuth, near Concord High School, is less than 450 feet above sea level. The northernmost part of the state is part of the Piedmont Plateau with rolling surfaces; the Atlantic Seaboard fall line follows the Robert Kirkwood Highway between Newark and Wilmington. A ridge about 75 to 80 feet in elevation extends along the western boundary of the state and separates the watersheds that feed Delaware River and Bay to the east and the Chesapeake Bay to the west. Since all of Delaware is a part of the Atlantic coastal plain, the effects of the ocean moderate its climate.
The state lies in the humid subtropical climate zone. Despite its small size, there is significant variation in mean temperature and amount of snowfall between Sussex County and New Castle County. Moderated by the Atlantic Ocean and Delaware Bay, the southern portion of the state has a milder climate and a longer growing season than the northern portion of the state. Delaware's all-time record high of 110 °F was recorded at Millsboro on July 21, 1930; the all-time record low of −17 °F was recorded at Millsboro on January 17, 1893. The transitional climate of Delaware supports a wide variety of vegetation. In the northern third of the state are found Northeastern coastal forests and mixed oak forests typical of the northeastern United States. In the southern two-thirds of the state are found Middle Atlantic coastal forests. Trap Pond State Park, along with areas in other parts of Sussex County, for example, support
Tex is a 1982 American drama film directed by Tim Hunter and written by Charles S. Haas, it is based on the novel of the same name by S. E. Hinton. Matt Dillon and Jim Metzler play brothers who struggle after their mother dies and their father walks out on them. Tex is seen as one of the earliest efforts for Disney to put mature content in its movies and received positive reviews for its realism and its content. However, over the decades, it has become of the most difficult Disney movies to find. A coming-of-age adventure about two brothers and Mason McCormick struggling to make it on their own when their mother dies and their father leaves them in their Oklahoma home. Matt Dillon as Texas "Tex" McCormick Jim Metzler as Mason "Mace" McCormick Meg Tilly as Jamie Collins Bill McKinney as Pop McCormick Frances Lee McCain as Mrs. Johnson Ben Johnson as Cole Collins Phil Brock as Lem Peters Emilio Estevez as Johnny Collins Tom Virtue as Robert Bob Collins Jack Thibeau as Coach Jackson Željko Ivanek as Hitchhiker Mark Jennings Pamela Ludwig as Connie Peters Jeff Fleury as Roger Genet Suzanne Costallos as Fortune Teller Marilyn Redfield as Ms. Carlson Mark Arnott as Kelly Jill Clark as Marcie Sheryl Briedel as Lisa Lisa Mirkin as Shelly Rod Jones as Doctor Richard Krause as Ride Operator Don Harral as Doctor at Hospital Janine Burns as Nurse Mark Huebner as Orderly Ron Thulin as Anchorman Mary Simons as Ms. Germanie Francine Ringold as Lady Reporter Darren Cates as Kid near Tex Robin Winters as Girl on Bike Lance Parkill as Boy Adam Hubbard as Kid 1 Wayne Dorris as Kid 2 Mike Coats as Dave Charlie Haas as Lee Larry Stallsworth as Patrolman Scott Smith as Biker 1 Eric Beckstrom as Biker 2 S.
E. Hinton as Mrs. Barnes Coralie Hunter as Lukie Peters Toyota as Rowdy The film was rated "PG" rather than the "G" customarily earned by Walt Disney Studios productions, was noted as an early effort by Disney to incorporate more mature subject matter into its films. Tim Hunter, who had co-written the 1979 film Over the Edge with Charles Haas, brought the project to Disney and asked for the opportunity to direct it himself; the film was shot on location in and around Tulsa and its suburbs, the setting of the S. E. Hinton novel on which it is based. Tex received positive reviews from critics, has an 85% "fresh" rating from the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes from 13 reviews. Janet Maslin of The New York Times lauded the picture as "an utterly disarming, believable portrait of a small-town adolescent" that "captures Miss Hinton's novel perfectly" and that would "make a star out of Matt Dillon" and "forever alter the way moviegoers think about Walt Disney pictures." Roger Ebert gave the film 4 stars out of 4 and noted that Hunter and Haas, as in their previous writing effort, the 1979 film Over the Edge, were "still remembering what it's like to be young, still getting the dialogue and the attitudes, the hang-ups and the dreams right."
David Sterritt of The Christian Science Monitor called it "probably the best picture turned out by the Disney studio since the heyday of the legendary Walt himself."On the other hand, Variety wrote that "writers Charlie Haas and Tim Hunter seem intent on incorporating every conceivable adolescent and adult trauma into their script, thus leaving the film with a overdone, contrived feeling." Golden Globe AwardYoung Artist Awards The film was released on DVD in September 7, 2004. Official website Tex on IMDb Tex at AllMovie Tex at Rotten Tomatoes
That Was Then, This Is Now
That Was Then, This Is Now is a coming-of age, young adult novel by S. E. Hinton, first published in 1971. Set in the 1960s, it follows the relationship between two friends and Bryon, who are like brothers, but find their friendship changing and deteriorating; the novel was adapted into a 1985 film. It was made into a film starring Emilio Estevez and Craig Sheffer; the novel is set in Oklahoma in the 1960s. Mark and Bryon having been living together as brothers since the death of Mark's parents; the two spend time hanging out at the local bar and playing pool to earn money. The novel begins with Bryon's mother in the hospital getting surgery, which causes financial stress for the family; the boys do not have much success. Bryon asks the bartender, for a job but is refused because he is underage. Meanwhile, the financial strife at home grows worse and Bryon's mother is hospitalized once again. Bryon lands a job at the local supermarket, while Mark begins bringing in suspicious amounts of money at home, not telling Bryon where the money is coming from.
Shortly after, Bryon's friend, M&M goes missing, so he and M&M's older sister, Cathy go searching for him. When M&M is found, he is sick and hallucinating from drugs, before being taken to the hospital. Upon returning home, Bryon discovers a tube of pills under Mark's bed and is horrified when he realizes that Mark has been selling drugs to people including M&M. Bryon calls the police and soon after Mark returns home, the police arrive and take him away to a reformatory. A few months Bryon visits Mark, though Mark makes it clear that he now hates him ending their bond. Mark acts up and is sent to prison; the book, like Rumble Fish, takes place in Tulsa, Hinton's hometown and the setting of her first book, The Outsiders. However, unlike Rumble Fish, Ponyboy Curtis, the main character of The Outsiders, appears in That Was Then, This Is Now and takes part in the events surrounding the dance and killing spree; the characters of Tim and Curly Shepard from The Outsiders appear, as does their sister Angela, original to That Was Then, This Is Now.
Randy, in The Outsiders appears as a hippie in this book, appropriate to those who have read or seen The Outsiders, as Randy is an affluent kid who feels guilty about the class division and becomes repulsed by it, the background and beliefs of many hippies. In Tex, there is a brief description of Mark and Cathy, who are original to That Was Then, This Is Now; the Outsiders
A novel is a long work of narrative fiction written in prose form, and, published as a book. The entire genre has been seen as having "a continuous and comprehensive history of about two thousand years", with its origins in classical Greece and Rome, in medieval and early modern romance, in the tradition of the Italian renaissance novella. Murasaki Shikibu's Tale of Genji has been described as the world's first novel. Spread of printed books in China led to the appearance of classical Chinese novels by the Ming dynasty. Parallel European developments occurred after the invention of the printing press. Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote, is cited as the first significant European novelist of the modern era. Ian Watt, in The Rise of the Novel, suggested that the modern novel was born in the early 18th century. Walter Scott made a distinction between the novel, in which "events are accommodated to the ordinary train of human events and the modern state of society" and the romance, which he defined as "a fictitious narrative in prose or verse.
However, many such romances, including the historical romances of Scott, Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights and Herman Melville's Moby-Dick, are frequently called novels, Scott describes romance as a "kindred term". This sort of romance is in turn different from the genre fiction love romance novel. Other European languages do not distinguish between romance and novel: "a novel is le roman, der Roman, il romanzo, en roman." A novel is a fictional narrative which describes intimate human experiences. The novel in the modern era makes use of a literary prose style; the development of the prose novel at this time was encouraged by innovations in printing, the introduction of cheap paper in the 15th century. The present English word for a long work of prose fiction derives from the Italian novella for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself from the Latin novella, a singular noun use of the neuter plural of novellus, diminutive of novus, meaning "new". Most European languages use the word "romance" for extended narratives.
A fictional narrativeFictionality is most cited as distinguishing novels from historiography. However this can be a problematic criterion. Throughout the early modern period authors of historical narratives would include inventions rooted in traditional beliefs in order to embellish a passage of text or add credibility to an opinion. Historians would invent and compose speeches for didactic purposes. Novels can, on the other hand, depict the social and personal realities of a place and period with clarity and detail not found in works of history. Literary proseWhile prose rather than verse became the standard of the modern novel, the ancestors of the modern European novel include verse epics in the Romance language of southern France those by Chrétien de Troyes, in Middle English. In the 19th century, fictional narratives in verse, such as Lord Byron's Don Juan, Alexander Pushkin's Yevgeniy Onegin, Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Aurora Leigh, competed with prose novels. Vikram Seth's The Golden Gate, composed of 590 Onegin stanzas, is a more recent example of the verse novel.
Content: intimate experienceBoth in 12th-century Japan and 15th-century Europe, prose fiction created intimate reading situations. On the other hand, verse epics, including the Odyssey and Aeneid, had been recited to a select audiences, though this was a more intimate experience than the performance of plays in theaters. A new world of individualistic fashion, personal views, intimate feelings, secret anxieties, "conduct", "gallantry" spread with novels and the associated prose-romance. LengthThe novel is today the longest genre of narrative prose fiction, followed by the novella. However, in the 17th century, critics saw the romance as of epic length and the novel as its short rival. A precise definition of the differences in length between these types of fiction, is, not possible; the requirement of length has been traditionally connected with the notion that a novel should encompass the "totality of life." Although early forms of the novel are to be found in a number of places, including classical Rome, 10th– and 11th-century Japan, Elizabethan England, the European novel is said to have begun with Don Quixote in 1605.
Early works of extended fictional prose, or novels, include works in Latin like the Satyricon by Petronius, The Golden Ass by Apuleius, works in Ancient Greek such as Daphnis and Chloe by Longus, works in Sanskrit such as the 4th or 5th century Vasavadatta by Subandhu, 6th– or 7th-century Daśakumāracarita and Avantisundarīkathā by Daṇḍin, in the 7th-century Kadambari by Banabhatta, Murasaki Shikibu's 11th-century Japanese work The Tale of Genji, the 12th-century Hayy ibn Yaqdhan by Ibn Tufail, who wrote in Arabic, the 13th-century Theologus Autodidactus by Ibn al-Nafis, another Arabic novelist, Blanquerna, written in Catalan by Ramon Llull, the 14th-century Chinese Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Gua
Tor Books is the primary imprint of Tom Doherty Associates, a publishing company based in New York City. It publishes science fiction and fantasy titles, publishes the online science fiction magazine Tor.com. Tor was founded by Tom Doherty in 1980. Tor is a word from Old English meaning the peak of a rocky hill or mountain, as depicted in Tor's logo. Tor Books was sold to St. Martin's Press in 1987. Along with St. Martin's Press. Tor is the primary imprint of Tom Doherty Associates. There is the Forge imprint that publishes an array of fictional titles, including historical novels and thrillers. Tor Books publishes two imprints for young readers: Starscape and Tor Teen. Tor Books has the Tor.com imprint that focuses on short works such as novellas, shorter novels and serializations. A United Kingdom sister imprint, Tor UK exists and specializes in science fiction and horror, while publishing young-adult crossover fiction based on computer-game franchises. Tor UK maintained an open submission policy, which ended in January 2013.
Orb Books publishes science-fiction classics such as A. E. Van Vogt's Slan. Tor Teen publishes young-adult novels such as Cory Doctorow's Little Brother and repackages novels such as Orson Scott Card's Ender's Game for younger readers. Tor Labs produces podcasts. A German sister imprint, Fischer Tor, was founded in August 2016 as an imprint of S. Fischer Verlag, it publishes international titles translated into German, as well as original German works. Fischer Tor publishes the German online magazine Tor Online, based on the same concept as the English Tor.com online magazine, but has its own independent content. Authors published by Tor and Forge include Kevin J. Anderson, Steven Brust, Orson Scott Card, Jonathan Carroll, Charles de Lint, Philip K. Dick, Cory Doctorow, Steven Erikson, Terry Goodkind, Steven Gould, Brian Herbert, Glen Hirshberg, Robert Jordan, Andre Norton, Harold Robbins, Brandon Sanderson, John Scalzi, V. E. Schwab, Skyler White, Gene Wolfe. Tor UK has published authors such as Douglas Adams, Rjurik Davidson, Amanda Hocking, China Miéville, Adam Nevill, Adrian Tchaikovsky.
Tor publishes a range of its works as e-books and, in 2012, Doherty announced that his imprints would sell only DRM-free e-books by July of that year. One year Tor stated that the removal of DRM had not harmed its e-book business, so they would continue selling them DRM-free. In July 2018, Macmillan Publishers and Tor announced that Tor's e-books would no longer be made available for libraries to purchase and lend to borrowers, via digital distribution services such as OverDrive, until four months after their initial publication date; the company cited the "direct and adverse impact" of electronic lending on retail eBook sales, but suggested that the change was part of a "test program" and could be reevaluated. Tor won the Locus Magazine poll for best science fiction publisher in 29 consecutive years from 1988 to 2016 inclusive. In March 2014, Worlds Without End listed Tor as the second-most awarded and nominated publisher of science fiction and horror books, after Gollancz. At that time, Tor had received 316 nominations and 54 wins for 723 published novels, written by 197 authors.
In the following year, Tor surpassed Gollancz to become the top publisher on the list. By March 2018, Tor's record had increased to 579 nominations and 111 wins, across 16 tracked awards given in the covered genres, with a total of 2,353 published novels written by 576 authors. Official website Official website Official website Tor.com community site Tor Online community site Tor Books profile at Reason, December 2008
The Outsiders (novel)
The Outsiders is a coming-of-age novel by S. E. Hinton, first published in 1967 by Viking Press. Hinton was 15 when she started writing the novel but did most of the work when she was 16 and a junior in high school. Hinton was 18; the book details the conflict between two rival gangs divided by their socioeconomic status: the working-class "greasers" and the upper-class "Socs". The story is told in first-person perspective by teenaged protagonist Ponyboy Curtis; the story in the book takes place in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 1965, but this is never explicitly stated in the book. A film adaptation was produced in 1983, a little-known short-lived television series appeared in 1990, picking up where the movie left off. A stage adaptation was written by Christopher Sergel and published in 1990. Ponyboy Curtis, a teenaged member of a loose gang of "greasers", is leaving a movie theater when he is jumped by "Socs", the greasers' rival gang. Several greasers, including Ponyboy's two older brothers—the paternal Darry and the popular Sodapop—come to his rescue.
The next night and two greaser friends, the hardened Dally and the quiet Johnny, meet Cherry and Marcia, a pair of Soc girls, at a drive-in movie theater. Cherry spurns Dally's rude advances, but Ponyboy ends up speaking civilly with Cherry connecting with a Soc for the first time in his life. Afterward, Ponyboy and their wisecracking friend Two-Bit begin to walk Cherry and Marcia home, when they are stopped by Cherry's boyfriend Bob, who badly beat up Johnny a few months back. Bob and the greasers exchange taunts. Ponyboy gets home at two in the morning, enraging Darry until he slaps Ponyboy. Pony runs out the door and meets up with Johnny, expressing his anger at Darry's increasing coldness in the wake of his parents' recent deaths in a car crash. Running away from home and Johnny wander into a park, where Bob and four other Socs surround them. After some heated talk, Ponyboy spits at the Socs, prompting them to attempt to drown him in a nearby fountain, but Johnny stabs Bob, killing him and dispersing the rest.
Terrified as to what to do next and Johnny rush to find Dally, who gives them money and a loaded gun, directing them to hide in an abandoned church in Windrixville. During their stay there, Pony cuts and dyes his hair as a disguise, reads Gone with the Wind to Johnny, upon viewing a beautiful sunrise, recites the poem "Nothing Gold Can Stay" by Robert Frost. Days Dally comes to check on them, revealing that violence between the greasers and Socs has escalated since Bob's death into all-out city-wide warfare, with Cherry acting out of guilt as a spy for the greasers. Johnny decides to turn himself in and Dally agrees to take the boys back home; as they attempt to leave, they notice the church has caught fire and several local schoolchildren have become trapped inside. The greasers run inside the burning church to save the children, but Ponyboy is rendered unconscious by the fumes. At the hospital he discovers that he and Dally are not badly injured, but a piece of the church roof fell on Johnny and broke his back.
Sodapop and Darry come to the hospital. Ponyboy realizes that Darry cares about him, is only hard on him because he loves him and cares about his future; the following morning the newspapers declare Pony and Johnny heroes, but Johnny will be charged with manslaughter for Bob's death. Two-Bit tells them. Ponyboy and Two-Bit are approached by a Soc named Randy, Bob's best friend, who expresses remorse for his involvement in the gang war, lacks confidence about the rumble ending the feud, says he will not participate. Ponyboy visits Johnny at the hospital, where he is in critical condition. On their way home, Pony spots Cherry and they talk. Cherry says. Pony calls her a traitor. After escaping the hospital, Dally shows up just in time for the rumble; the greasers win the brutal fight. Afterward and Dally hurry back to the hospital to see Johnny, but he dies moments and a maniacal Dally runs out of the room. Pony returns home that night feeling confused and disoriented. Dally is running from the police.
The greasers find Dally deliberately pointing an unloaded gun at the police, causing them to shoot and kill him. Overwhelmed, Ponyboy faints and is sick in bed for many days due to the resulting concussion from the rumble; when the hearing comes, the judge frees Ponyboy from responsibility for Bob's death and allows Pony to remain at home with Darry and Soda. Ponyboy returns to school. Although he is failing English, his teacher, Mr. Syme, says he will pass him if he writes a decent theme. In the copy of Gone with the Wind that Johnny gave him before dying, Ponyboy finds a letter from Johnny describing how he will die proudly after saving the kids from the fire. Johnny urges Ponyboy to "stay gold". Ponyboy decides to write his English assignment about the recent events, begins his essay with the opening line of the novel: "When I stepped out into the bright sunlight from the darkness of the movie house, I had only two things on my mind: Paul Newman and a ride home..." Ponyboy Curtis: Narrator and the youngest Curtis brother, 14 years old, who gets good grades and runs track.
Sodapop "Soda" Curtis: The middle Curtis brother, 16 years old, a high school dropout who works at a gas station. Darrel "Darry" Curtis: The oldest Curtis brother, 20 years old, caring for his brothers since thei
Taming the Star Runner
Taming the Star Runner is a young adult coming-of-age novel written by S. E. Hinton, author of The Outsiders. Unlike her previous young adult novels, this novel has not been made into a film yet; the novel is the last of her series of novels that take place in and around her hometown of Tulsa and the only one of that series written in the third-person perspective. This is S. E. Hinton's only novel, not made into a movie. Like her first book, The Outsiders, it is implied at the end of the book that the protagonist is the actual author. In reality, many of Travis' experiences trying to publish his book parallel those of S. E. Hinton's while trying to publish her first book It could be that Travis' book is deliberately similar to Hinton's first book, as it is stated that a major plot point of his book is a title character dying in a car accident, similar to Johnny in The Outsiders dying due to injuries sustained in a fire. Travis is a tough kid living in a big city; when he comes home to find his stepfather cramming the fireplace with his writing, Travis assaults him with a fireplace poker.
As a result, he is sent to live with Ken, on his ranch outside of Tulsa. Travis, used to living in the city, soon finds country life to be boring; the coolest, toughest kid in school, he is now an out-of-place loner, torn between his desire to fit in and his contempt for country living. Ken seems too busy for him, between work at his law-firm and his divorce. Travis continues work on his book while maintaining a correspondence with Joe, the only one of his friends to occasionally write back, he meets Casey Kencaide, who runs a riding school on Ken's ranch and is the only one brave enough to ride the Star Runner, a creature who, like Travis, was never meant to be tamed. Soon Travis is working for Casey as a stable boy, he receives an offer to publish his book. In response he takes a trip into town to celebrate. While in town he gets drunk and is beat up by the bouncer when his true age is discovered. In bad shape, he contacts his uncle to bring him home and reveals his book deal to Ken, a surprise for Ken, as he was unaware that Travis was fully literate.
For a while life, to Travis, at least seems bearable. Things soon get worse though, as Travis' stepfather refuses to allow the book to be published without his prior approval. Hearing this, Travis has another fit of rage and throws the phone, nearly hitting Ken's wife and their son, Christopher. Teresa, in response to this, discovering Travis' criminal record, threatens to use his presence in Ken's house to win full custody of Christopher and Ken kicks Travis out in his real to be with his son, they make peace after they realize that they both hoped that the other would be the father and son they were looking for. It turns out. Ken agrees to help Travis get his book published, going with him to meet the publisher Ms. Carmichael when she comes to town, arranges some publicity with a TV interview at a station owned by a friend of his. Travis gets a surprise visit from his friend Joe, who had hitchhiked his way there. Instead of this being a joyous event, Joe reveals that after Travis left, his friends and the twins and Mike, had turned to burglary, fencing the goods through a man named Orson.
After Joe quit, the twins found a new fence. For this, Orson tried to make Joe help him. Travis and Ken convince Joe that he must return to face trial as an accomplice, take him to the local police for extradition; as they return to Ken's ranch, a huge lightning storm strikes and Ken and Travis must go help Casey round up the horses into the barn. As they do this, the Star Runner breaks free of his paddock. Casey and Travis give chase only to have Casey's jeep struck by lightning. Although it is not directly stated, the Star Runner is killed; the book ends as Travis have recovered from the accident and the temporary hearing loss. Though Casey had spurned Travis' romantic overtures, they are now close friends who share a common bond. Travis realizes that he, like the Star Runner, should never allow himself to be tamed or broken when life is at its worst. S. E. Hinton Website