Mexican War Streets
The Mexican War Streets known as the "Buena Vista Tract", is a historic district in the Central Northside neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States. The district is densely filled with restored row houses, community gardens, tree-lined streets and alleyways; the area dates to around the time of the Mexican–American War. The 27-acre district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975 with 119 buildings deemed to contribute to the historic character of the district. In 2008, the district's listing was increased to include an additional 288 contributing buildings over a 25.7-acre area. In the late 19th century, Pennsylvania, became known for its stately homes, occupied by some of the area's wealthy families. One such area became known as the Mexican War Streets, it developed from land owned by William Robinson Jr. ex-mayor of the city of Allegheny, who subdivided the property into streets and lots in 1847. Surveys for the development were made by Alexander Hays.
A number of the streets are named after battles and generals of the Mexican–American War, including Buena Vista Street, Monterey Street, Palo Alto Street, Resaca Place, Sherman Avenue, Taylor Avenue. Fremont Street had been named in recognition of John C. Frémont. Mexican War Streets Society Allegheny City Central Association Pittsburgh City Council description
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
Perry South (Pittsburgh)
Perry South is a neighborhood on Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's North Side. The neighborhood takes its name from Perrysville Avenue, which "was a part of the Venango trail, an Indian path leading north of'Allegheny Town'. Commodore Perry used the Trail to carry supplies from Pittsburgh to Erie for his lake battle against the British during the War of 1812." Perrysville Avenue is an extension of Federal Street, the main north-south thoroughfare of old Allegheny City. Federal Street ends, Perrysville Avenue begins, where the flat river plain gives way to a steep hill. Perry South is thus a hilltop neighborhood that runs along Perrysville Avenue from the river plain to Riverview Park; the hill on which the neighborhood is built provides natural borders to the west, to the east, to the south. The neighborhood was developed as a streetcar suburb, so it consists exclusively of residential housing, with a small business district at the intersection of Perrysville Avenue and Charles Avenue, it experienced white flight after 1960: from 1960 to 1970, the neighborhood's total population declined from 16,000 people to 13,000, while its African-American population, located exclusively in the Charles Street valley, increased from 15% to 20%.
From 1970 to 2000, the total population decreased to just 5,200 people, of whom 65% were African-American. Current residents have formed the Perry South Citizens Council in an effort to prevent decay and to improve the neighborhood's business district; the southwestern corner of the neighborhood was once called Pleasant Valley, a small area, once considered to be a neighborhood in its own right. A 1977 report about Pleasant Valley states that "Pleasant Valley was known as Snyder's Hollow and its stream was a favorite ice skating spot; the neighborhood was settled by Germans, Irish and Poles. Josh Gibson, Hall of Fame catcher for the Homestead Grays, a Negro National League team of the 1920s, lived there." Pleasant Valley consists of rowhouses which were built by the owners of the Pleasant Valley Street Railway - which operated the streetcars that first allowed Perry South to be developed. A series of these rowhouses, on Brightridge Street, have been listed with the National Register of Historic Places.
Perry South has seven borders with the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Perry North to the north, Northview Heights to the northeast, Spring Hill-City View to the east, Fineview to the southeast, Central North Side to the south, California-Kirkbride to the southwest, Marshall-Shadeland from the west to the north-northwest. List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Baldwin is a borough in Allegheny County, United States, is part of the Pittsburgh Metro Area. The population was 19,767 at the 2010 census. Baldwin is located at 40°21′26″N 79°58′10″W. A thin strip of land, still part of Baldwin stretches north along Becks Run Road, separating St. Clair and Hays, reaching all the way to the Monongahela River, it forms the south bank of the river to the Glenwood Bridge surrounding Hays on three sides. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 5.9 square miles, of which, 5.8 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. Its average elevation is 1,214 feet above sea level. Baldwin has eleven borders, including five with the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Arlington and South Side Flats to the north, Hays to the northeast, Carrick to the west, St. Clair to the north-northwest; the remaining borders are with West Mifflin to the east, Pleasant Hills to the southeast, South Park Township to the south, Bethel Park to the southwest, Whitehall and Brentwood to the west.
The borough was named for Henry Baldwin, a U. S. Congressman from Pennsylvania and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. Baldwin Borough was incorporated on October 1950, from Baldwin Township; as of the census of 2000, there were 19,999 people, 8,193 households, 5,776 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,465.5 people per square mile. There were 8,883 housing units at an average density of 1,539.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 96.20% White, 2.42% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population. There were 8,193 households, out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.92. In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $40,752, the median income for a family was $48,503. Males had a median income of $39,086 versus $28,458 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $19,918. About 3.9% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over. Baldwin Borough is served by the Baldwin Borough Library, it has three volunteer fire companies, an Emergency Medical Service, a Police force of 29 sworn officers. The Borough of Baldwin is represented by elected officials including a 7-member Borough Council taking the position of Baldwin's Legislative Branch, a Borough Mayor serving as the borough's Executive Branch.
There are nine voting districts in the borough, Baldwin is included in the 14th Congressional District. The Borough Council is a seven-membered body of lawmakers who abide by and amend the "Borough Code". Members are elected at-large to serve four year terms. Agenda Meetings are held the second Tuesday of each month at 7:30 p.m. at the Municipal Building. Regular Meetings are held the third Tuesday of each month at 7:30 p.m. at the Municipal Building. The Mayor of Baldwin is David Depretis Borough of Baldwin Historic Pittsburgh Map Collections 1876 - Atlas of the Cities of Pittsburgh and Adjoining Boroughs: Plate 44 1886 - Atlas of the Vicinity of the Cities Pittsburgh and Allegheny Pennsylvania 1906 - Southern Vicinity of Pittsburgh
West Homestead, Pennsylvania
West Homestead is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, 8 miles southeast of Pittsburgh, on the Monongahela River. Heavy industries associated with nearby steel mills existed here. Established were axle works and manufactories of machinery, car wheels, etc; the largest concern was Mesta Machinery, one of the world's leading industrial manufacturers from 1898 until 1983. The population was 1,929 at the 2010 census. There are two primary residential communities in West Homestead: the historic district and the Village, a post-World War II hilltop community; the historic district consists of a series of hillside residential streets adorned by intact worker houses reflecting the architecture of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century period when most of these homes were built. Composed of homes suited for contemporary restoration, this neighborhood has a commanding view of the gorgeous river valley. One of the most noteworthy structures in the historic district is the great Mesta Mansion and accompanying gardens, built by steel manufacturer and engineer George Mesta, founder of the Mesta Machine Company.
Upon his death in 1925 the mansion became the property of his widow, the celebrated socialite and political hostess Perle Mesta, remained in the Mesta family until the 1970s. This marvelous structure is on the National Register of Historic Places and has undergone a luxurious and ongoing restoration process in recent years. Another feature of the historic district is the Bulgarian Macedonian National Educational and Cultural Center on West Eighth Avenue. Since 1935, this facility has continued to be the center of Bulgarian and Macedonian cultural activity in Western Pennsylvania. West Homestead’s Eighth Avenue itself is a tree-lined boulevard adorned by Victorian shops on the National Register of Historic Places, the neighborhood is surrounded by the largest group of ethnic churches on the National Register. West Homestead is located at 40°23′40″N 79°54′55″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.0 square mile, of which 0.9 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 9.90%, is water.
North – Hazelwood via Glenwood Bridge across the Monongahela River North east – Homestead South east – Munhall South west – New Homestead West – Hays In 2000, Continental Realestate Companies opened The Waterfront. This large "LifeStyle" shopping center was built on the former site of the US Steel Works. Most of the structures associated with the steel mills on this site were demolished during construction. Still standing in the Waterfront development are some of the brick stacks from the Homestead Steel Works. In addition, near the river is a former mill structure known as the Pump House, restored by the developer. Sandcastle Waterpark is a waterpark that has 14 water slides and 3 speed slides and the newest addition the Blue Tooba Looba. There are two parks located in West Homestead: Eighth Avenue Playground. For park rules and hours visit westhomesteadpa.com/assets/files/forms/rules_and_regulations.pdf. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,197 people, 956 households, 623 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 2,408.9 people per square mile. There were 1,106 housing units at an average density of 1,212.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 89.53% White, 8.83% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.05% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population. There were 956 households, out of which 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.8% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.87. In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.0% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, 23.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $33,309, the median income for a family was $44,338. Males had a median income of $35,033 versus $27,700 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $17,327. About 9.2% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over. Jeff Goldblum, actor. Homestead, Pennsylvania
Frick Park is the largest municipal park in Pittsburgh, covering 644 acres. It is one of Pittsburgh's four historic large parks; the park began when Henry Clay Frick, upon his death in 1919, bequeathed 151 acres south of Clayton, his Point Breeze mansion. He arranged for a $2 million trust fund for long-term maintenance for the park, which opened on June 25, 1927, he did this against his will, but rather acquiesced to his daughter, Helen's debutante wish which he had promised to honor. Henry Clay Frick's son, Childs Frick, developed his lifelong love of animals in the woods and ravines of the park. Childs Frick went on to be a renowned American vertebrate paleontologist, major benefactor and trustee of the American Museum of Natural History. Over the years, the park grew from the original land in Point Breeze and now includes Squirrel Hill to the border of Edgewood. In a city that Frick helped to industrialize, it is one of the few areas of steep ravines and mature woods that remain undisturbed, forming a nature reserve of native plants and abundant wildlife.
Owls, wild turkey and many mammal species are found in the park. The original Frick Environmental Center, completed in 1979 housed the City's Environmental Education Program and for many years hosted ecological and other programs related to the park. A fire in 2002 rendered the building functionally unusable. Demolition at the site was completed and construction began in late-2014; the current, 15,500-square-foot Frick Environmental Center opened to the public in 2016, following a $16 million construction project. The site includes indoor and outdoor classrooms, public restrooms, other facilities, has various energy-efficient and green features, include a photovoltaic array and geothermal bore field; the center was certified as LEED Platinium the next year. The Pittsburgh Parks Conservancy operates the center in collaboration with the City of Pittsburgh; the eastern park boundary is Nine Mile Run, a heavily polluted stream, restored between 2003 and 2006. The addition of 2.2 miles of Nine Mile Run extended Frick Park nearly to the Monongahela River.
Restoration efforts in 2017-18 involved the removal of about 2.6 acres of bush honeysuckle, an invasive plant that had affected the park for some 20 years, displacing native plants. Following the clearance of the honeysuckle, the Pittsburgh Parks Conservancy discovered ten healthy butternut trees; this was a significant discovery since every other tree in the park is thought to be affected by butternut canker, a fungal disease lethal to plants. The park includes a playground, known as the Blue Slide playground, a dog park. An annual Shakespeare in the Park performance occurs in the upper portion of the park. Sledding on this hill in Frick Park, along Beechwood Boulevard near Nicholson Street, is a popular winter pastime for some local residents; the hill's long, sloping bowl ends in a grouping of trees. Two different approaches down the hill – one shallow and one steep – intersect at the bottom resulting in collisions between sledders. Crashing into trees is an occasional occurrence; as a result, in 2010 the city posted.
Pittsburgh rapper Mac Miller's 2011 album. His song "Frick Park Market" is named for a small store near the Point Breeze park boundary. Pittsburgh Parks Conservancy Frick Environmental Center website Pittsburgh Dept. of Parks & Recreation website Frick Park Clay Court Tennis Club history