Megadeth is an American heavy metal band from Los Angeles, California. Guitarist Dave Mustaine and bassist David Ellefson formed the band in 1983 shortly after Mustaine's dismissal from Metallica. Along with Metallica and Slayer, Megadeth is one of the "Big Four" of American thrash metal, responsible for its development and popularization, their music features complex arrangements and fast rhythm sections, lyrical themes of death, war and religion. In 1985, Megadeth released its debut album, Killing Is My Business... and Business Is Good!, on the independent record label Combat Records, to moderate success. It caught the attention of bigger labels, their first major-label album, Peace Sells... but Who's Buying?, was released in 1986 and influenced the underground metal scene. Substance abuse and personal disputes brought Megadeth negative publicity during this period. After the lineup stabilized, Megadeth released a number of platinum-selling albums, including Rust in Peace and Countdown to Extinction.
These albums, along with worldwide tours, brought them public recognition. The band temporarily disbanded in 2002 when Mustaine suffered an arm injury and re-established in 2004 without bassist Ellefson, who had taken legal action against Mustaine. Ellefson settled out of court and rejoined in 2010. Megadeth has hosted its own music festival, several times since July 2005. Megadeth has sold over 38 million records worldwide, earned platinum certification in the United States for five of its fifteen studio albums, received twelve Grammy nominations. Megadeth won its first Grammy Award in 2017 for the song "Dystopia" in the Best Metal Performance category; the band's mascot, Vic Rattlehead appears on album artwork and live shows. The group has drawn controversy for its music and lyrics, including album bans and canceled concerts. On April 11, 1983, Dave Mustaine was expelled from Metallica just prior to the band recording their debut album Kill'Em All due to substance abuse and personal conflicts with James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich.
As Metallica's lead guitarist since 1981, Mustaine had composed some of the group's early songs and helped hone the band into a tight live unit. Afterward, Mustaine vowed revenge by forming a band, faster and heavier than Metallica. On the bus trip back to Los Angeles, Mustaine found a pamphlet by California senator Alan Cranston that read: "The arsenal of megadeath can't be rid no matter what the peace treaties come to." The term "Megadeath" stuck with Mustaine and he wrote a song with the spelling changed to Megadeth, according to Mustaine, represented the annihilation of power. After arriving back in Los Angeles, Mustaine began the search for new bandmates, he formed a band with his new neighbors David Ellefson and Greg Handevidt, who had moved from Minnesota and played bass and guitar respectively. While Handevidt would only last a few months and Ellefson formed a tight musical bond. Despite his enthusiasm, Mustaine had trouble finding other members to fill out the lineup, he and Ellefson examined about fifteen drummers, hoping to find one who understood meter changes in music.
After playing with Dijon Carruthers, they selected Lee Rausch. They decided on Mustaine as lead vocalist after six months of searching. In 1984, Megadeth recorded a three-song demo tape featuring Mustaine and Rausch; the demo tape, Last Rites, was released on March 9, 1984. The demo featured early versions of "Last Rites/Loved to Death", "The Skull Beneath the Skin", "Mechanix", all of which appeared on the band's debut album. A second guitarist proved elusive after several months of searching. In the meantime, Kerry King of Slayer filled in on rhythm guitar for several shows in the San Francisco area in the spring of 1984. Afterwards, King went back to Slayer and Megadeth replaced Rausch with jazz fusion drummer Gar Samuelson. Samuelson had been in the jazz band the New Yorkers with guitarist Chris Poland. After seeing Samuelson perform with Megadeth as a trio, Poland went backstage and suggested an impromptu audition as lead guitarist for the band. After considering several labels, Mustaine signed the band to Combat Records, a New York-based Independent record label that offered Megadeth the highest budget to record and tour.
In 1985, Combat Records gave the band $8,000 to produce its debut album. After spending $4,000 of the budget on drugs and food, the band fired the original producer and finished the recording themselves. Despite its low-fidelity sound, Killing Is My Business... and Business Is Good! was successful in underground metal circles and attracted major-label interest. Music writer Joel McIver praised its "blistering technicality" and stated that the album "raised the bar for the whole thrash metal scene, with guitarists forced to perform more and powerfully"; the front cover marked the debut of band mascot Vic Rattlehead, who appeared on subsequent album artwork. Killing Is My Business... and Business Is Good! Features "Mechanix", a song Mustaine wrote during his time with Metallica. Though Mustaine told the band after his dismissal not to use the music he had written, Metallica recorded a different version of the song, "The Four Horsemen", with a slower tempo and a melodic middle section; the album included a cover of Nancy Sinatra's "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'," at a faster tempo and with altered lyrics.
Megadeth's version generated controversy during the 1990s, when its writer, Lee Hazlewood, called Mustaine's changes "vile and offensive". Under threat of legal action, the song was
Primus is an American rock band based in San Francisco, California composed of bassist/vocalist Les Claypool, guitarist Larry "Ler" LaLonde and drummer Tim "Herb" Alexander. Primus formed in 1984 with Claypool and guitarist Todd Huth joined by drummer Jay Lane, though the latter two departed the band at the end of 1988. Featuring LaLonde and Alexander, Primus recorded their debut Suck on This in 1989, followed by four studio albums: Frizzle Fry, Sailing the Seas of Cheese, Pork Soda, Tales from the Punchbowl. Alexander left the band in 1996, replaced by Bryan "Brain" Mantia, Primus went on to record the original theme song for the TV show South Park and two more albums, Brown Album and Antipop, before declaring a hiatus in 2000. In 2003, Claypool and LaLonde reunited with Alexander and released a DVD/EP, Animals Should Not Try to Act Like People, before touring sporadically through 2009. In 2010, Lane rejoined Primus, replacing Alexander, the band released their seventh album, Green Naugahyde, in 2011.
In 2013, Lane left the band to focus on other projects, Tim Alexander rejoined once again. They have released some of their records on Claypool's own label Prawn Song Records. Primus is characterized by its quirky approach to music. Robert Christgau once remarked: " quite the strangest top-10 band and good for them." Primus began as Primate in El Sobrante, California, in 1984 with singer and bassist Les Claypool, guitarist Todd Huth, a LinnDrum drum machine. The duo had trouble finding a drummer, until Claypool's friend Vince "Perm" Parker returned home from a stint in the army, together the three of them recorded their first demo, financed by Claypool selling his car. Primate changed their name to Primus after "about a month" when they were approached by a group called the Primates threatening legal action over the similarity of their names. Parker was soon replaced by the band's second drummer, Peter Libby, himself replaced by Robbie Bean, before the band settled on Tim "Curveball" Wright in 1986.
After rising to fame in the local music scene with their brand of funk metal fusion, reaching the point where they were "selling out Berkeley Square", Wright left Primus in the summer of 1988 to be replaced by Jay Lane, drummer with the Freaky Executives, who were "getting dicked around by their record company", as Claypool described it. After recording another demo, titled Sausage, Lane left Primus at the end of 1988 when "something good happened" with the Freaky Executives' record deal. Huth left the band soon after, wishing to dedicate more time to his family. In 1987, Primus was put on hold and Claypool rejoined his former band, Blind Illusion, who at the time featured one-time Joe Satriani student and ex-Possessed guitarist Larry "Ler" LaLonde. Claypool recruited LaLonde to reform Primus together with Tim "Herb" Alexander, drummer with the Arizona-based group Major Lingo, a month the trio recorded their first album: Suck on This, a live recording culled from two of their Berkeley concerts, funded by a loan from Claypool's father.
Bryan "Brain" Mantia was a member of the band during this time period, before a broken foot forced him to leave the group. In 1990, the band released their first studio album, Frizzle Fry, released singles for "John the Fisherman" and "Too Many Puppies". With a music video featuring Kirk Hammett, a studio album and a tour with Jane's Addiction, Primus' popularity grew to the point where they attracted attention from Interscope Records, who signed them in 1990. Primus's major label debut was the album Sailing the Seas of Cheese; the album was supported by the singles "Jerry Was a Race Car Driver" and "Tommy the Cat", both of which appeared on MTV. A third single, "Those Damned Blue-Collar Tweekers", was released but did not feature a video; the band appeared as contestants for the Battle of the Bands in Bill and Ted's Bogus Journey and made music for a Beavis and Butt-Head tribute album with a song entitled "Poetry and Prose". With a major label behind them, Sailing the Seas of Cheese went gold.
The band toured in support of Rush, U2, Public Enemy, Fishbone. After the release of Sailing the Seas of Cheese, in 1992 Primus released a cover song EP Miscellaneous Debris, with their version of XTC's "Making Plans for Nigel" receiving enough airplay to reach No. 30 on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart. In 1993, Primus released Pork Soda, which managed to debut at No. 7 on the Billboard Top 10. The album was darker than previous Primus efforts, dealing with murder and alienation; the band has commented that prior to recording, they had been touring for nearly two solid years and were thus in a sombre mood. "My Name Is Mud" was the first single, the band's only entry in the U. S. Alternative Songs Top 10. "DMV" and "Mr. Krinkle" followed, the latter made into a video featuring Claypool in a pig suit and tuxedo playing upright bass in an abandoned warehouse as a carnival of oddities parades behind him, including Claypool's wife and her twin sister. Claypool said he put his "heart and soul" into the video, but it received next to no airtime on MTV.
In an interview with Guitar World magazine, Claypool disparaged the channel's unwillingness to air the video, saying "it got played like six times." Pork Soda was recorded at the band's rehearsal space in San Rafael. The band would subsequently record all of their albums at Les Claypool's home studio called Rancho Relaxo. In 1993 Primus headlined the alternative rock festival Lollapalooza, they made an appearance at the Woodstock'94 Music Festival. They were pelted with mud while they performed "My Name Is Mud". About a minute into the song the band stopped playing, Claypool said, "
David Alan "Riki" Rachtman is an American television and radio personality. Riki Rachtman grew up in Van Nuys, California but moved to the Hollywood Hills. At the age of 16, Rachtman auditioned to sing in the band the Angry Samoans, the next year he was in a band called the Fairlanes. In the late 1980s, Rachtman was lead vocalist of the L. A. metal act "Virgin". In the 1990s, he spent over a year in a band called Battery Club. Rachtman appears in Attack of Life: The Bang Tango Movie, a 2016 documentary film directed by Drew Fortier about 80s LA hard rock band Bang Tango. Before becoming a full-time VJ for Headbangers Ball, Rachtman made guest appearances as a fill-in and guest VJ for the show in 1989 while Adam Curry was still the main host for the program at that time. From 1990-1995, Rachtman hosted MTV's heavy metal show Headbangers Ball as a full-time VJ, his friend at the time, Axl Rose of Guns N' Roses was instrumental in him getting the job at MTV. Despite having no TV experience during that time, he got a job as a VJ on MTV after his successful performance during his audition at MTV studios in New York.
Rachtman had a brief appearance as a wedding guest in Guns N' Roses' music video "November Rain". From August 1993 to January 1996, Riki co-hosted the radio advice program Loveline with Doctor Drew Pinsky and Adam Carolla; the trio hosted together until friction between Riki and Adam led Riki to leave the show in January 1996. In 1999 and 2000, Rachtman worked for World Championship Wrestling as a backstage interviewer. During one episode, he was powerbombed by wrestler Kevin Nash, he hosted Nitro, WCW's flagship program, parties across the country. Rachtman had appeared on WCW programming as a guest co-host for the May 30, 1992 edition of Saturday Night. On the Los Angeles radio station KLSX, Rachtman hosted a show called'Riki Rachtman Radio.' The show came to an abrupt end when he assaulted fellow KLSX show host Doug Steckler after Steckler insulted Rachtman's girlfriend at the time, adult-film actress Janine Lindemulder. In 2003, Rachtman hosted 22 Greatest Bands for MTV2. In 2003, he became the host of a syndicated rock music and NASCAR-themed radio show called Racing Rocks, heard on over 120 stations across America.
He hosts Nascar 24/7 Live. He was a former co-host of the show NASCAR RaceDay. Rachtman was the owner of The Cathouse nightclub, for many years a showcase for many of the heavy metal bands that were featured on Headbangers Ball. During this time, he ran another nightclub called the Bordello. Rachtman and the Cathouse club are featured in the Penelope Spheeris documentary, The Decline of Western Civilization Part II: The Metal Years. During their heyday, they were featured in Rolling Stone and Newsweek magazines. Rachtman owns a skateboard company called Pool School. In the Summer of 2015, Rachtman became an ordained Minister and performed his first marriage ceremony on August 15, 2015 at the Cathouse Live Concert at Irvine Meadows officiating the ceremony of Skye Hazard and Sean Kelehan of Omaha, Nebraska. Rachtman hosted the 2007 reunion show for Rock of Love, which starred his friend, Poison frontman Bret Michaels. Rachtman was a dean on Rock of Love: Charm School, which featured Sharon Osbourne as headmistress and contestants from Rock of Love seasons 1 and 2, he hosted its reunion special, as well.
In 2008, he hosted the reunion special for Rock of Love 2. In 2009, he again hosted the reunion special for Rock of Love Bus, he was last seen on Daisy of Love, a Rock of Love spin-off starring Daisy De La Hoya, Rachtman's friend and Rock of Love 2 runner-up. In 1999, he lived in California. Riki told Chris Cornell on a Soundgarden episode of The Headbanger's Ball in 1994, that he used to live in New Zealand. In 2018 Rachtman tweeted that he had been drug and alcohol free for 30 years In November 2014 he announced on his Facebook account that he would be moving to Charlotte, North Carolina; every year Rachtman raises money and goes on a motorcycle ride throughout North America it is called Riki's Ride and so far has raised close to $50,000 for various charities Riki is dating Lea Vendetta from the television show "Inkmaster" Together they live in Mooresville, North Carolina. She and Riki have no children. Riki Rachtman on IMDb Racing Rocks with Riki Rachtman lovelinecentral.com
Heavy metal music
Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, overall loudness; the genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with machismo. In 1968, three of the genre's most famous pioneers, Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath and Deep Purple were founded. Though they came to attract wide audiences, they were derided by critics. During the mid-1970s, Judas Priest helped spur the genre's evolution by discarding much of its blues influence. Beginning in the late 1970s, bands in the new wave of British heavy metal such as Iron Maiden and Def Leppard followed in a similar vein. Before the end of the decade, heavy metal fans became known as "metalheads" or "headbangers". During the 1980s, glam metal became popular with groups such as Mötley Crüe.
Underground scenes produced an array of more aggressive styles: thrash metal broke into the mainstream with bands such as Metallica, Slayer and Anthrax, while other extreme subgenres of heavy metal such as death metal and black metal remain subcultural phenomena. Since the mid-1990s popular styles have further expanded the definition of the genre; these include groove metal and nu metal, the latter of which incorporates elements of grunge and hip hop. Heavy metal is traditionally characterized by loud distorted guitars, emphatic rhythms, dense bass-and-drum sound, vigorous vocals. Heavy metal subgenres variously alter, or omit one or more of these attributes; the New York Times critic Jon Pareles writes, "In the taxonomy of popular music, heavy metal is a major subspecies of hard-rock—the breed with less syncopation, less blues, more showmanship and more brute force." The typical band lineup includes a drummer, a bassist, a rhythm guitarist, a lead guitarist, a singer, who may or may not be an instrumentalist.
Keyboard instruments are sometimes used to enhance the fullness of the sound. Deep Purple's Jon Lord played an overdriven Hammond organ. In 1970, John Paul Jones used a Moog synthesizer on Led Zeppelin III; the electric guitar and the sonic power that it projects through amplification has been the key element in heavy metal. The heavy metal guitar sound comes from a combined use of heavy distortion. For classic heavy metal guitar tone, guitarists maintain moderate levels gain at moderate levels, without excessive preamp or pedal distortion, to retain open spaces and air in the music. Thrash metal guitar tone has scooped mid-frequencies and compressed sound with lots of bass frequencies. Guitar solos are "an essential element of the heavy metal code... that underscores the significance of the guitar" to the genre. Most heavy metal songs "feature at least one guitar solo", "a primary means through which the heavy metal performer expresses virtuosity"; some exceptions are nu grindcore bands, which tend to omit guitar solos.
With rhythm guitar parts, the "heavy crunch sound in heavy metal... palm muting" the strings with the picking hand and using distortion. Palm muting creates a tighter, more precise sound and it emphasizes the low end; the lead role of the guitar in heavy metal collides with the traditional "frontman" or bandleader role of the vocalist, creating a musical tension as the two "contend for dominance" in a spirit of "affectionate rivalry". Heavy metal "demands the subordination of the voice" to the overall sound of the band. Reflecting metal's roots in the 1960s counterculture, an "explicit display of emotion" is required from the vocals as a sign of authenticity. Critic Simon Frith claims; the prominent role of the bass is key to the metal sound, the interplay of bass and guitar is a central element. The bass guitar provides the low-end sound crucial to making the music "heavy"; the bass plays a "more important role in heavy metal than in any other genre of rock". Metal basslines vary in complexity, from holding down a low pedal point as a foundation to doubling complex riffs and licks along with the lead or rhythm guitars.
Some bands feature the bass as a lead instrument, an approach popularized by Metallica's Cliff Burton with his heavy emphasis on bass guitar solos and use of chords while playing bass in the early 1980s. Lemmy of Motörhead played overdriven power chords in his bass lines; the essence of heavy metal drumming is creating a loud, constant beat for the band using the "trifecta of speed and precision". Heavy metal drumming "requires an exceptional amount of endurance", drummers have to develop "considerable speed and dexterity... to play the intricate patterns" used in heavy metal. A characteristic metal drumming technique is the cymbal choke, which consists of striking a cymbal and immediately silencing it by grabbing it with the other hand, producing a burst of sound; the metal drum setup is much larger than those employed in other forms of rock music. Black metal, death metal and some "mainstream metal" bands "all depend upon double-kicks and blast beats". In live performance, loudness—an "onslaught of sound", in sociologist Deena Weinstein's description—is considered vital.
In his book Metalheads, psychologist Jeffrey Arnett refers to heavy me
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a country located in central and Southeastern Europe that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars. Covering an area of 255,804 km², the SFRY was bordered by the Adriatic Sea and Italy to the west and Hungary to the north and Romania to the east, Albania and Greece to the south; the nation was a socialist state and a federation governed by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia and made up of six socialist republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Slovenia with Belgrade as its capital. In addition, it included two autonomous provinces within Serbia: Vojvodina; the SFRY's origin is traced to 26 November 1942, when the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia was formed during World War II. On 29 November 1945, the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was proclaimed after the deposition of King Peter II, thus ending the monarchy.
Until 1948, the new communist government sided with the Eastern Bloc under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito at the beginning of the Cold War, but after the Tito–Stalin split of 1948, Yugoslavia pursued a policy of neutrality. It became one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement, transitioned from a planned economy to market socialism; the SFRY maintained neutrality during the Cold War as part of its foreign policy. It was a founding member of CERN, the United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, OSCE, IFAD, WTO, BTWC. Following the death of Tito on 4 May 1980, the Yugoslav economy started to collapse, which increased unemployment and inflation; the economic crisis led to a rise in ethnic nationalism in early 1990s. With the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, inter-republic talks on transformation of the federation failed. In 1991 some European states recognized their independence; the federation collapsed along federal borders, followed by the start of the Yugoslav Wars, the final downfall and breakup of the federation on 27 April 1992.
Two of its republics and Montenegro, remained within a reconstituted state known as the "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia", but this union was not recognized internationally as the official successor state to the SFRY. The term "former Yugoslavia" is now used retrospectively; the name Yugoslavia, an Anglicised transcription of Jugoslavija, is a composite word made up of jug and slavija. The Slavic word jug means'south', while slavija denotes a'land of the Slavs'. Thus, a translation of Jugoslavija would be'South-Slavia' or'Land of the South Slavs'; the full official name of the federation varied between 1945 and 1992. Yugoslavia was formed in 1918 under the name Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. In January 1929, King Alexander I assumed dictatorship of the kingdom and renamed it the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, for the first time making the term "Yugoslavia"—which had been used colloquially for decades —the official name of the state. After the Kingdom was occupied by the Axis during World War II, the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia announced in 1943 the formation of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia in the substantial resistance-controlled areas of the country.
The name deliberately left the republic-or-kingdom question open. In 1945, King Peter II was deposed, with the state reorganized as a republic, accordingly renamed Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, with the constitution coming into force in 1946. In 1963, amid pervasive liberal constitutional reforms, the name Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was introduced; the state is most referred to by the latter name, which it held for the longest period of all. Of the three main Yugoslav languages, the Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian language name for the state was identical, while Slovene differed in capitalization and the spelling of the adjective "Socialist"; the names are as follows: Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian languages Latin: Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija Cyrillic: Социјалистичка Федеративна Република Југославија Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: Macedonian pronunciation: Slovene language Socialistična federativna republika Jugoslavija Due to the length of the name, abbreviations were used to refer to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, though the state was most known as Yugoslavia.
The most common abbreviation is SFRY, though SFR Yugoslavia was used in an official capacity by the media. On 6 April 1941, Yugoslavia was invaded by the Axis powers led by Nazi Germany. Yugoslav resistance was soon established in two forms, the Royal Yugoslav Army in the Homeland and the Communist Yugoslav Partisans; the Partisan supreme commander was Josip Broz Tito, under his command the movement soon began establishing "liberated territories" which attracted the attention of occupying forces. Unlike the various nationalist militias operating in occupied Yugoslavia, the Partisans were a pan-Yugoslav movement promoting the "brotherhood and unity" of Yugoslav nations, representing the republican, left-wing, socialist elements of the Yugoslav political
Helloween is a German power metal band founded in 1984 in Hamburg, Northern Germany by members of bands Iron Fist and Gentry. Its first lineup consisted of singer and rhythm guitarist Kai Hansen, bassist Markus Grosskopf, lead guitarist Michael Weikath, drummer Ingo Schwichtenberg. After the release of a self-titled EP and their debut album Walls of Jericho in 1985, it expanded into a quintet with the addition of singer Michael Kiske, Hansen choosing to focus on guitar instead. Under this line-up, they released the Keeper of the Seven Keys albums, which established Helloween as a notable heavy metal band and led to the creation of the power metal subgenre. Hansen was replaced by Roland Grapow. After leaving Helloween, Hansen formed Gamma Ray. Helloween's first two albums without Hansen, Pink Bubbles Go Ape and Chameleon, were commercial and critical failures, which created tensions between band members and led to the firing of Schwichtenberg and Kiske, they were replaced by Andi Deris respectively.
The albums released under this line-up, Master of the Rings, The Time of the Oath, Better Than Raw and The Dark Ride, received warmer reception from both fans and critics establishing Helloween as a successful band again. However, tensions led to the dismissals in 2001 of both Grapow and Kusch, who went on to found Masterplan together. Grapow was replaced by Sascha Gerstner, but the attempts to find a new drummer were chaotic and Mikkey Dee recorded the drums for the next album Rabbit Don't Come Easy; the band found a stable drummer in Daniel Löble in 2005. Under this line-up, the longest in its history, the band has released four successful studio albums: Keeper of the Seven Keys: The Legacy, Gambling with the Devil, 7 Sinners, Straight Out of Hell, their fifteenth and latest studio album, My God-Given Right, was released on 29 May 2015. On 14 November 2016, the band announced that both Kai Hansen and Michael Kiske were rejoining Helloween for a world tour, titled Pumpkins United World Tour, which concluded in 2018.
Since its inception, Helloween has released fifteen studio albums, three live albums, three EPs, twenty-seven singles, has sold more than eight million records worldwide. Helloween formed in 1984 in Germany; the original line-up included Kai Hansen on vocals and rhythm guitar, Michael Weikath on lead guitar, Markus Grosskopf on bass, Ingo Schwichtenberg on drums. That year, the band signed with Noise Records and recorded two songs for a Noise compilation record called Death Metal; the compilation featured the bands Hellhammer, Running Wild, Dark Avenger. The two tracks were "Oernst of Life" by Weikath and Hansen's "Metal Invaders," a faster version of which would appear on the band's first full-length album. Helloween released its first record in 1985, a self-titled EP containing five tracks; that year, the band released its first full-length album, Walls of Jericho. During the following concert tour, Hansen had difficulties singing and playing the guitar at the same time. Kai's last recording as the band's lead singer was in 1986 on a vinyl EP titled Judas, which contained the song "Judas" and live versions of "Ride the Sky" and "Guardians" recorded at Gelsenkirchen.
Following these releases, Helloween began the search for a new vocalist. The band found Michael Kiske, from a local Hamburg band named Ill Prophecy. With their new lead vocalist in tow, Helloween approached record labels Noise International and RCA and proposed the release of a double-LP to introduce the line-up; this proposition was turned down. Instead, they recorded a single LP, Keeper of the Seven Keys: Part I, released in 1987. In 1988, Helloween released Keeper of the Seven Keys: the companion album. MTV put the single "I Want Out" in support of its "Headbanger's Ball" show. MTV presented the inaugural Headbangers Ball Tour with Helloween joining San Francisco Bay area thrash-metal band Exodus in support of headlining act Anthrax; the band was slotted in the prestigious second spot, right before Anthrax's set. On the heels of this exposure to US audiences, the band achieved worldwide success. Guitarist Kai Hansen unexpectedly left the band in 1989 soon after the European leg of the Keeper of the Seven Keys: Part II tour, due to ill-health, conflicts within the band, troubles with Noise International, a growing dissatisfaction with life on tour.
Weikath chose his friend, including for the rest of the tour. Grapow, a car mechanic at the time, stated in 2017 that, if Weikath had not happened to ask him to join the band, he would have kept his job and given up on his dream of becoming a professional musician. In 1989, the band released a live album called Live in the U. K. featuring material from its 1988 European tour. The remaining members continued on but ran into label problems with Noise, after litigation kept them from touring and releasing new material, they were released from their contract. A new album would not appear until 1991 when, after several rumors about the band breaking up, they released Pink Bubbles Go Ape for their new record company, EMI; the album was less heavy and, with song titles such as "Heavy Metal Hamsters", "I'm Doing Fine, Crazy Man", "Shit and Lobster", showed a shift toward – and an emphasis on – humor rather than the epic moods on previo
Armored Saint is an American heavy metal band, formed in 1982 in Los Angeles, California. Since 1990, the band has consisted of John Bush on lead vocals, Joey Vera on bass, Jeff Duncan on rhythm guitar and the Sandoval brothers and Phil on drums and lead guitar, respectively. Of the current lineup and Vera are the two constant members. To date, they have released one EP, two live albums and one compilation album; as one of the leaders of the Los Angeles heavy metal scene, Armored Saint achieved moderate success during the 1980s with their 1983 self-titled EP and first three studio albums: March of the Saint, Delirious Nomad and Raising Fear. Prior to the release of their fourth studio album Symbol of Salvation, the band was plagued by extended inactivity, due to record company issues and the death of their original guitarist Dave Prichard, who died of leukemia in 1990. Armored Saint broke up when Bush joined Anthrax in 1992 to replace Joey Belladonna, but reunited in 1999, has continued to tour and record since then.
Armored Saint was formed in 1982 by brothers Phil Sandoval and Gonzo Sandoval with lead guitarist Dave Prichard, while attending South Pasadena High School. Next to join were singer John Bush - a South Pasadena High School Alumnus - and bassist Joey Vera. Gonzo Sandoval conceived the name Armored Saint on his own in the parking lot, at a theater in Monterey Park, after watching the Movie Excalibur. Armored Saint recorded a five-song demo that landed the song "Lesson Well Learned" on the compilation album Metal Massacre II. Three of these demo songs were used for the band's self-titled EP on Metal Blade Records in 1983; the group signed with Chrysalis Records in 1984. Armored Saint released their debut album March of the Saint in 1984 followed by 1985's Delirious Nomad; the debut album yielded a minor MTV hit with "Can U Deliver?". During the recording of Delirious Nomad, lead guitarist Phil Sandoval left the group, their third album, Raising Fear, was recorded by the remaining four members. Throughout the 1980s, Armored Saint toured, or played selected shows, with many acts such as Judas Priest, Aerosmith, Ted Nugent, Alice Cooper, Ratt, Exodus, W.
A. S. P. Dio, Fates Warning, Y&T, Grim Reaper, King Diamond, Great White, Leatherwolf, Lizzy Borden, Savatage and Danzig. By the end of the decade, the band was unhappy with their lack of success on the Chrysalis label, returned to Metal Blade. Soon after the release of their first live album Saints Will Conquer, the band added Jeff Duncan of the L. A. club band Odin, as rhythm guitarist, still in the band to this day. In 1989, while writing and recording rough four-track demos for their next studio album, guitarist Dave Prichard was diagnosed with leukemia. Prichard succumbed to the disease on February 27, 1990, shortly before the recording sessions of Symbol of Salvation began. After a brief hiatus, Phil Sandoval returned to the band and switched from rhythm to lead guitar to replace Prichard. Symbol of Salvation was released in 1991 to widespread critical success, it featured two hits "Reign of Fire" and "Last Train Home". The album was dedicated to the spirit and memory of Dave Prichard, whose solo on the demo recording of the song "Tainted Past" was painstakingly and transferred and used on the album.
The tour for Symbol of Salvation was successful. Camera... Revolution! tour and Savatage on their Streets tour. They toured with the Scorpions, Wrathchild America and Sepultura. In 1992, the band contributed the song "Hanging Judge" to the Hellraiser III: Hell on Earth soundtrack, as well as made a brief appearance in the film. Several months John Bush was offered the position of lead vocalist in the successful thrash band Anthrax. Unsure of Armored Saint's future, Bush accepted the job; the Sandoval brothers attempted to audition new members to create a new chapter, yet after many failed attempts, Armored Saint was disbanded. After Armored Saint disbanded, Joey Vera kept busy playing with such bands as Fates Warning, Lizzy Borden and Chroma Key, he started a successful second career as a producer and engineer. The Sandoval brothers formed Life After Death... Life after Death released a self entitled record on the now defunct John Sutherland record label Indivision, released the Record on the now defunct European label Rising sun, Jeff Duncan formed DC4 with brothers Shawn and Matt, former Dio guitarist Rowan Robertson.
In 1999, with Anthrax on temporary hiatus, John Bush and Joey Vera decided to reform Armored Saint. The entire Symbol of Salvation lineup returned to the studio, in 2000 the album Revelation was released, it included the band's first song with Spanish lyrics, Written by Gonzo Sandoval & John Bush "No Me Digas". A small club tour opening for Dio and Lynch Mob followed; the following year, the band released Nod to the Old School, a collection of rarities and outtakes, plus a few new tracks. Soon after, John Bush returned to the studio with Anthrax, Armored Saint was once again placed on indefinite hiatus. In 2004, Vera rejoined Bush in Anthrax on a temporary basis. Early in 2005, Anthrax's Scott Ian announced that their classic Among the Living-era lineup was reforming, leaving the membership of Bush and Vera in question. Bush stated; this move gave hope to many. A one-off show with the Revelation lineup took place in 2005, in 2006 the band embarked on a new tour; as part of their 20th anniversary, Me