Headingley is a suburb of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. It is approximately two out of the city centre, to the north west along the A660 road. Headingley is notable for being the location of the Beckett Park campus for Leeds Beckett University, Headingley is first mentioned in the Domesday Book as Hedingelei or Hedingeleia in 1086 where it is recorded that Ilbert de Lacy held 7 carucates of land. The name is thought to derive from Old English Headinga of the descendants of Heada + lēah open ground, headda has sometimes been identified with Saint Hædde. However, a coffin found near Beckett Park in 1995 suggests there may have been an earlier settlement in late Roman or post-Roman times. From Viking times, Headingley was the centre of the wapentake of Skyrack, or Siaraches, the name may refer to an oak tree that was used as a meeting place for settling legal disputes and raising armies. An ancient oak, said to be the Shire Oak, stood to the north of St Michaels Church until 1941, and gives its name to two pubs, the Original Oak and the Skyrack. A map of 1711 shows Headingley as having a chapel, cottages and farmsteads scattered around a triangle of land formed by the merging of routes north, west. Enclosed fields were situated around the settlement with a tract of common land, Headingley Moor. In an 1801 census, Headingleys population is given as 300, an 1829 Act of Parliament enclosed Headingley Moor and the land was placed for sale. Around 30 workers cottages had by then encroached upon the fringes of the moor before 1829, land in this vicinity was generally cheaper than that at Headingley Hill as it failed to attract the building of affluent villas. This brought about the building of smaller terraced housing around Moor Road, in the mid 19th century, Far Headingley had begun to develop over what was largely unclaimed common land. Headingley continued to be a village until the expansion of Leeds during the Industrial Revolution and became a suburb where the rich moved to escape the filth. In 1840, it became the site of Leeds Zoological and Botanical Gardens, despite the opening of Headingley railway station, serving the gardens, in 1849, the zoo was a loss-making venture and closed in 1858. The bear pit still survives and can be seen on Cardigan Road, the Meanwood Beck, to the east of the village, was a source of water for the early inhabitants and later provided a source of power for the Victorians of Leeds. The Leeds Tramway terminated at a depot at Far Headingley from 1875 to 1959, improved transport facilitated further growth and attracted many more affluent middle class inhabitants. The tramway perhaps ended Headingleys village status and made it into a suburb of Leeds, with exception of Beckett Park and the surrounding area, most of Headingley had been developed by the beginning of the 20th century. In a 1911 census the population of Headingley was in excess of 46,000, the area has a history of student inhabitation, with Leeds Metropolitan University having a campus at Beckett Park in Headingley
The centre of Headingley
The Original Oak, named after the Skyrack Oak which grew opposite.
The Skyrack, historical remnants of the Wapentake.