Hedley Verity was a professional cricketer who played for Yorkshire and England between 1930 and 1939. A slow left-arm orthodox bowler, he took 1,956 wickets in first-class cricket at an average of 14.90 and 144 wickets in 40 Tests at an average of 24.37. Named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1932, he is regarded as one of the most effective slow left-arm bowlers to have played cricket. Never someone who spun the ball he achieved success through the accuracy of his bowling. On pitches which made batting difficult ones affected by rain, he could be impossible to bat against. Verity was born in Leeds and, from an early age, wished to play cricket for Yorkshire. After establishing a good reputation in local cricket, he signed a contract as a professional cricketer playing in the Lancashire League, his first season was not a success but, after moving clubs, he began to make a name for himself. A medium-paced bowler, he switched to bowling spin in an attempt to secure a place in the Yorkshire team.
When Wilfred Rhodes, the incumbent Yorkshire left-arm spinner, announced his retirement, Verity had a successful trial in the team in 1930, led the national bowling averages. In 1931, his first full season, he achieved the rare feat of taking all 10 wickets in an innings, against Warwickshire County Cricket Club; the latter bowling figures remain a record in first-class cricket for the fewest runs conceded while taking all 10 wickets. He established himself as part of a strong bowling unit, which assisted Yorkshire to the County Championship seven times in his ten seasons with the club. In that time, Verity was never lower than fifth in the bowling averages and took over 150 wickets in every year except his first. In 1931, he was chosen to play for England for the first time and rose to prominence during a tour to Australia in 1932–33. Afterwards, he played for England and achieved the best performance of his career when he took 15 wickets against Australia in a Test match at Lord's in 1934.
However, critics claimed he was ineffective on good batting pitches, he was left out of the England team over the following years. So, he had one of the best records of any bowler against Donald Bradman regarded as the greatest batsman in the history of cricket. Verity continued to play for Yorkshire and England until 1939, when the outbreak of the Second World War ended his career. Verity joined the Green Howards in 1939, after training was posted overseas to India and Egypt, achieving the rank of captain. During the Allied invasion of Sicily in 1943, Verity was wounded and captured by the Germans. Taken to the Italian mainland, he was buried there. Verity was born in Headingley, an area of Leeds, on 18 May 1905, he was the eldest child of Hedley Verity, who worked for a local coal company, Edith Elwick, a Sunday school teacher. Verity had two sisters and Edith; the family moved to Armley to the more rural location of Rawdon. From an early age, Verity watched Yorkshire play County Cricket matches at Leeds, Bradford and, during family holidays, Scarborough.
At Yeadon and Guiseley Secondary School, Verity played school cricket, bowling left-arm medium-paced deliveries. Verity left school aged 14 to work for his father, who had established a coal business in Guiseley, played cricket for Rawdon's second team. Success on the field persuaded Verity to seek a career in professional cricket and a place in the Yorkshire team. While working for his father, he devoted increasing amounts of time to cricket practice. In 1921, Verity made his debut for Rawdon in league cricket; the following season, he was spotted by Yorkshire coach George Hirst and former England spinner Bobby Peel, who were talent scouting for Yorkshire, given a trial in the cricket nets at Headingley. Peel realised Verity was an intelligent bowler who had excellent control of where he pitched the ball, but believed he was not fast enough to be effective for Yorkshire. Meanwhile, critics in Rawdon began to see increased potential in his batting, which improved steadily. Verity moved to play for Horsforth Hall Park in 1924, where his batting became more productive than his bowling.
By 1926, when he scored a total of 488 runs and took 62 wickets to win the Yorkshire Council League prize for best junior bowler, his all-round potential secured a second trial at Yorkshire. Receiving coaching from Hirst, Verity played several matches for the Yorkshire Colts, he was given little bowling to do, suggesting that he was chosen more for his batting at this stage, was near the bottom of the team's bowling averages. Yorkshire did not allocate him to a local club, their practice towards promising cricketers at the time. Hirst was impressed by Verity and recommended him to Accrington Cricket Club, a team in the Lancashire League looking for a professional cricketer. After a trial, Verity signed a contract in September 1926. Verity was unsuccessful during the 1927 season, his only one with Accrington, his bowling was less effective. His batting average for the season was 5.25. The team, containing players far more experienced than Verity
Herschelle Herman Gibbs is a former South African cricketer, who played all formats of the game for fourteen years. A right-handed batsman opened the batting, Gibbs became the first player to hit six consecutive sixes in one over in One Day International cricket, doing so against the Netherlands in the 2007 Cricket World Cup. At point, he was considered by some to be the next Jonty Rhodes in his ability to hit the stumps, with Ricky Ponting noting that Gibbs is better than Rhodes in that regard, with a report prepared by Cricinfo in late 2005 showing that since the 1999 Cricket World Cup, he had effected the eighth highest number of run-outs in ODI cricket of any fieldsman, with the tenth highest success rate, he was the fifth international franchise player signed to the Caribbean Premier League and the first South African player to be named to the new Twenty20 tournament. Gibbs played for South Augusta B grade where he dropped the grand final on the 3rd of March 2018. Gibbs was schooled at St Joseph's Marist College and Diocesan College in Rondebosch.
Gibbs was a gifted sportsman at school featuring in SA Schools teams for rugby and soccer. At Diocesan College Gibbs played for their First Rugby XV in the same team alongside Robbie Fleck, Selborne Boome and Dave von Hoesslin who would all go on to become Springboks. On 8 June 2007 he divorced soon afterwards. Gibbs has scored two double centuries in his Test career, his first was an innings of 211 not out against New Zealand at Jade Stadium in 1999. His innings took 468 balls while his second double century, 228 against Pakistan came off just 240 balls. In that innings in Newlands, he reached a national record partnership of 368 with Graeme Smith, he has put on a further two 300-run opening stands with his captain, making them the only pair in Test history to break 300 on three occasions. He holds the South African second wicket record, a partnership of 315* with Jacques Kallis. Gibbs famously dropped a catch in a World Cup game against Australia in 1999, when he attempted to throw the ball up into the air in celebration before he had full control of it.
The player that he dropped, Steve Waugh, went on to make a century and win the game for Australia, a victory which gave the Australian side the momentum they required to go on and win the tournament. It was claimed at the time that after the dropped catch, Waugh had "sledged" Gibbs with the statement, "You've just dropped the World Cup", but, in his autobiography Out of My Comfort Zone, Waugh denies this. Waugh did state, that teammate Shane Warne had noticed that Gibbs had developed a habit of throwing the ball in the air prematurely after taking catches and instructed his colleagues not to leave the crease too if they happened to be caught by Gibbs, just in case the situation that happened to Waugh should occur. Gibbs is one of only nine batsmen in ODI history to score hundreds in three consecutive innings, the others being Zaheer Abbas, Saeed Anwar, AB de Villiers, Quinton de Kock, Ross Taylor, Kumar Sangakkara, Virat Kohli and Babar Azam. Sangakkara became the only player to hit four consecutive ODI hundreds, during 2015 cricket world cup.
On 6 October 2002, in Potchefstroom, in a match against Bangladeshis, Gibbs had a chance to become the first batsman to score four hundreds in a row. South Africa was set the target of 155 for victory, Gibbs fell just three runs short, finishing unbeaten on 97. With just six runs needed for victory, he had the strike on 96, but Alok Kapali bowled a legside wide that went for four and made his task impossible. On 12 March 2006, Gibbs played a monumental innings in the 5th ODI against Australia, scoring 175 off just 111 balls leading South Africa to victory, he was batting with Graeme Smith. This was the highest scoring One Day International match in history and his innings broke several batting records, it was the highest score made in an ODI against Australia, beating Robin Smith's effort in 1993. By bringing up his hundred off just 79 balls, he brought up what was at the time the fastest ODI century against Australia. More however, it was the fastest hundred by a South African batsman against any opposition, although the record would be broken in the year by Mark Boucher.
It was the highest score by a batsman in South Africa. He scored 126 runs in boundaries, the most by a batsman; this record stood until 11 April 2011, when Shane Watson hit 150 runs in boundaries against Bangladesh. In the match against the Netherlands in the group stage of the 2007 Cricket World Cup, Gibbs hit six sixes in an over off the bowling of Daan van Bunge becoming the first player in One Day International history to do so. Ravi Shastri and Sir Garfield Sobers had achieved this feat in first-class cricket but to date no player has achieved this in Test Cricket. In doing so, he raised US$1 million for the Habitat for Humanity housing projects as part of a contest run by tournament sponsor Johnnie Walker, it is that his being awarded citizenship of St Kitts and Nevis was due to this feat. His six hitting form continued throughout the tournament and when he hit Jacob Oram into the stands during a Super Eight match he drew level with Australian batsman Ricky Ponting on 28 for most sixes in World Cup history.
In the past two series against England and the West Indies he was brought down the order from the opening batsman to the middle order due to lack of form. After the move he looked more comfortable batting against the older ball. On 22 April 2006, Gibbs paid the price for his recent run-drought, was dropped for the second and third
Headingley is a suburb of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England two miles out of the city centre, to the north west along the A660 road. Headingley is the location of the Beckett Park campus of Leeds Beckett University and Headingley Stadium; the vast majority of the area sits in the Headingley and Hyde Park ward of Leeds City Council and Leeds North West parliamentary constituency. Headingley was mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086 as Hedingelei or Hedingeleia when it was recorded that Ilbert de Lacy held 7 carucates of land; the name is thought to derive from Old English Headinga'of the descendants of Heada' + lēah'open ground', thus meaning "the clearing of Hedda's people". Headda has sometimes been identified with Saint Hædde. A stone coffin found near Beckett Park in 1995 suggests there may have been an earlier settlement in late Roman or post-Roman times. From Viking times, Headingley was the centre of the Skyrack wapentake or Siaraches, the "Shire oak"; the name may refer to an oak tree, a meeting place for settling legal disputes and raising armies.
An ancient oak, said to be the Shire Oak, stood to the north of St Michael's Church until 1941, gives its name to two public houses, the Original Oak and the Skyrack. During the 13th century William de Poiteven gave land in Headingley to Kirkstall Abbey, in 1341 the remainder of the township of Headingley-cum-Burley was given to the monastery by the owner, John de Calverley. A map of 1711 shows Headingley as having a chapel and farmsteads scattered around a triangle of land formed by the merging of routes from north and south. Enclosed fields were situated around the settlement with a large tract of common land, Headingley Moor, to the north. In an 1801 census, Headingley's population was given as 300. An 1829 Act of Parliament enclosed Headingley Moor and the land was placed for sale. Around 30 workers' cottages encroached on the fringes of the moor before 1829. Land here was cheaper than that at Headingley Hill as it failed to attract the building of affluent villas; this brought about the building of smaller terraced housing around Cottage Road.
In the mid 19th century, Far Headingley had begun to develop over what was unclaimed common land. Headingley was a village until the expansion of Leeds during the Industrial Revolution and became a popular suburb where the rich moved to escape the filth and pollution of the city. In 1840, Leeds' Zoological and Botanical Gardens opened but despite the opening of the nearby Headingley railway station in 1849, the zoo was loss-making and closed in 1858; the bear pit survives on Cardigan Road. Meanwood Beck, to the east of the village, was a source of water for the early inhabitants and provided a source of power for the Victorians of Leeds; the Leeds Tramway terminated at a depot at Far Headingley between 1875 and 1959. The trams improved the accessibility of Headingley from Leeds city centre, which facilitated growth and attracted affluent middle class inhabitants; the tramway ended Headingley's village status and made it into a suburb. With exception of Beckett Park and the surrounding area, most of Headingley had been developed by the beginning of the 20th century.
In the 1911 census the population of Headingley was in excess of 46,000. Leeds Beckett University has a campus at Beckett Park in Headingley. Much of the housing around Kirkstall Lane is rented to students; the conversion of Leeds Polytechnic into a university and its subsequent growth brought about an increased student population. Headingley Stadium hosts England test matches and rugby league matches bringing many spectators to the area; the cricket ground has been enlarged to maintain its eligibility for test matches and in 2006 the eastern terraces on the rugby ground were replaced with the Carnegie stand. The winter shed; as Headingley is close to both the University of Leeds and Leeds Beckett University campuses, it has become a popular student area. This has had both negative consequences on the local population and environment; the biggest complaints against students relate to the use of multiple-occupancy houses which are prone to burglary neglected by landlords and occupants alike and are left unoccupied during university holidays.
However, the student population has brought money into the area, improved public transport and made it a more desirable place to live for a portion of the population. Family areas still exist such as in the Triangle near the Co-op on Cardigan Road. Headingley is known in sporting circles; the stadium is home to the Yorkshire County Cricket Club as well as the Leeds Rhinos rugby league and Yorkshire Carnegie rugby union clubs. For many decades the stadium remained unchanged. Since 2000, the cricket ground has been nearly rebuilt in order to retain Test match status; the winter shed was demolished in 2008 and replaced by a new stand and media centre, giving the approach to the north entrance a distinctive and modern waymark. The rugby ground saw development with the building of the Carnegie Stand which replaced the former Eastern Terraces; this was built with co-operation from Leeds Metropolitan University who retain lecture rooms in the building. Headingley boasts an amateur association football team, Headingley AFC.
The club nearly folded after losing its home ground, however in 2008, the club was offered a new ground by the University of Bradford, before moving to Weetwood Playing Fields, owned by the University of Leeds. They attracted media attention in January
1948 Ashes series
The 1948 Ashes series was that year's edition of the long-standing cricket rivalry between England and Australia. Starting on 10 June 1948, England and Australia played five Tests. Australia were strong favourites, their captain Don Bradman had publicly expressed his ambition of going through the tour without defeat, Australia won 10 of their 12 lead-up matches, eight by an innings. The England team, had several notable players themselves, including Len Hutton, Denis Compton and Alec Bedser; the final result was a 4–0 series win for Australia, with the Third Test being drawn. They thus retained The Ashes; the Australians remained undefeated for their entire tour of England, earning them the sobriquet of The Invincibles. The First Test set the trend for the series as England's batsmen struggled against the Australian pace attack and, despite attempting to stifle the Australian scoring with leg theory, fell to an eventual defeat. Failure to contain the Australian batsmen Bradman himself, plagued the English bowlers, while their batsmen were prone to struggling and collapsing on key occasions, with rain petering the Third Test into a draw.
The series saw a number of notable cricketing feats, including a 301-run partnership between Bradman and Arthur Morris, aided by many dropped catches and missed stumpings, during the Fourth Test, Australia's heaviest win of the series in the Fifth Test, where England were bowled out for 52 in half a day. Australia made 389, with Bradman making a famous duck in his final innings. England were bowled out for 188 to lose by an innings and 149 runs in less than three days' playing time. Since the Second World War, Australia had been unbeaten. In early 1946, they defeated New Zealand in a one-off Test by an innings; the following season, in 1946–47, they won the five-Test series against England 3–0, followed this with a 4–0 series win over India in the following season. Australia were regarded as an strong team in the lead-up to the tour of England, Bradman publicly expressed his desire to achieve the unprecedented feat of going through the five-month tour without defeat. Prior to the First Test, Australia had played 12 first-class matches, drawing two.
Eight of the victories were by an innings, another was by eight wickets. One of the drawn matches, against Lancashire was rain-affected with the first day washed out entirely, it was thought that Bradman would play Ring, but he changed his mind on the first morning of the First Test when rain was forecast. Johnston was played in the hope of exploiting a wet wicket. Yardley elected to bat. England lost leg spinner Wright before the match due to lumbago; the first innings of the First Test set the pattern of the series as the England top-order struggled against Australia's pace attack. Only twenty minutes of play was possible before the lunch break on the first day due to inclement weather, but it was enough for Miller to bowl Hutton with a faster ball. During the interval, heavy rain fell. Washbrook was out after the luncheon interval, caught on the run by Brown at fine leg after attempting to hook Lindwall. At 15/2, Compton came to the crease, together with Edrich, they took the score to 46 before left arm paceman Johnston bowled the latter.
Two balls Johnston removed Hardstaff without scoring, caught by Miller in slips, an effort described by Wisden as "dazzling". Two runs Compton was bowled attempting a leg sweep from the bowling of Miller and half the English team were out with only 48 runs on the board. Lindwall was forced to leave the field mid-innings due to a groin injury and did not bowl again in the match. Johnston bowled Barnett for eight and when Evans and Yardley were both dismissed with the score on 74, England was facing the prospect of setting a new record for the lowest Test innings score at Trent Bridge, the current record being 112. Laker and Bedser, both from Surrey, scored more than half of England's total, adding 89 runs in only 73 minutes. Laker's innings was highlighted by hooking, while Bedser defended stoutly and drove in front of the wicket. Bedser was removed by Johnston and Miller had Laker caught behind two runs ending England's innings at 165. Laker top-scored with 63 with six boundaries. Johnston ended with 5/36, a display characterised with accuracy and variations in swing.
Miller took a catch. Australia had less than 15 minutes of batting before the scheduled close of play. Barnes made an unsuccessful appeal against the light after the first ball of the innings, a wide by Edrich. Morris and Barnes negotiated the new ball by Edrich and Bedser to reach stumps with 17 without loss. Ideal batting conditions and clear weather greeted the players on the second day. Barnes and Morris took the score to 73. Bradman came in and the score progressed to 121 when Barnes cut Laker onto the thigh of wicket-keeper Evans; the ball bounced away and the gloveman turned around and took a one-handed diving catch to dismiss Barnes for 62. Miller was dismissed for a duck without further addition to Australia's total, he failed to pick Laker's arm ball, which went straight on, clipped the outside edge and was taken at slip by Edrich. Laker to this point had taken 3/22 from 12.4 overs. All the while, Australia had been scoring as they would throughout the day. Yardley set a defensive field.
Brown came in at No. 5, but he had played most of his career as an opening batsman. Yardley took the second new ball. Bradman struck his first boundary in over 80 minutes but
Sir Leonard Hutton was an English cricketer who played as an opening batsman for Yorkshire from 1934 to 1955 and for England in 79 Test matches between 1937 and 1955. Wisden Cricketers' Almanack described him as one of the greatest batsmen in the history of cricket, he set a record in 1938 for the highest individual innings in a Test match in only his sixth Test appearance, scoring 364 runs against Australia, a milestone that stood for nearly 20 years. In 1952, he became the first professional cricketer of the 20th Century to captain England in Tests. Following the Second World War, he was the mainstay of England's batting, the team depended on his success. Marked out as a potential star from his teenage years, Hutton made his debut for Yorkshire in 1934 and established himself at county level. By 1937, he was playing for England and when the war interrupted his career in 1939, critics regarded him as one of the leading batsmen in the country, the world. During the war, he received a serious injury to his arm while taking part in a commando training course.
His arm never recovered, forcing him to alter his batting style. When cricket restarted, Hutton resumed his role as one of England's leading batsmen; as a batsman, Hutton built his style on a sound defence. Although capable of attacking strokeplay, both Yorkshire and England depended on him, awareness of this affected his style. Hutton remains statistically among the best batsmen to have played Test cricket. Hutton captained the England Test team between 1952 and 1955, although his leadership was at times controversial, his cautious approach led critics to accuse him of negativity. Never comfortable in the role, Hutton felt that the former amateur players who administered and governed English cricket did not trust him. In 23 Tests as captain, he lost four with the others drawn. Worn out by the mental and physical demands of his role, Hutton retired from regular first-class cricket during the 1955 season. Knighted for his contributions to cricket in 1956, he went on to be a Test selector, a journalist and broadcaster.
He worked as a representative for an engineering firm until retiring from the job in 1984. Hutton remained involved in cricket, became president of Yorkshire County Cricket Club in 1990, he died a few months afterwards in September 1990, aged 74. Hutton was born on 23 June 1916 in the Moravian community of Fulneck, the youngest of five children to Henry Hutton and his wife Lily. Many of his family were local cricketers and Hutton soon became immersed in the sport, which he both played and read about with enthusiasm, he practised in the playground of Littlemoor Council School, which he attended from 1921 until 1930, at Pudsey St Lawrence Cricket Club, which he joined as a junior. At the age of 12, he made his first appearance for Pudsey St Lawrence's second eleven and by 1929 had reached the first team. Locals encouraged him to meet the Yorkshire and England cricketer Herbert Sutcliffe, a neighbour, from whom Hutton received coaching in Sutcliffe's garden. Sutcliffe was impressed by the young batsman, commended him to Yorkshire as a good prospect.
Following this endorsement, Hutton went to the county's indoor practice shed at Headingley in February 1930. George Hirst, a former Yorkshire cricketer responsible for assessing and coaching young players, believed that Hutton's batting technique was already complete. Bill Bowes, the Yorkshire pace bowler, was impressed, helped Hutton to correct a minor flaw in his technique. Hutton was sufficiently encouraged to decide to attempt a career in professional cricket, but at the prompting of his parents decided to learn a trade as well. During 1930, he watched the Australian Don Bradman hit 334 at Headingley in a Test match a record individual score in Tests—which he himself would surpass eight years later; that year, Hutton enrolled at Pudsey Grammar School where he spent a year studying technical drawing and quantitative work before joining his father at a local building firm, Joseph Verity. After becoming a professional cricketer, Hutton continued to work for the company during winter months until 1939.
By 1933, Hutton was opening the batting for the Pudsey St Lawrence first team in the Bradford Cricket League. By close observation of his opening partner, the former Yorkshire county batsman Edgar Oldroyd, Hutton further developed his batting technique in defence; the local press soon identified Hutton as a player of promise after he scored a match-winning 108 not out in the Priestley Cup. Senior figures within Yorkshire cricket identified him as a potential successor to Percy Holmes as an opening partner to Sutcliffe. In the 1933 season Hutton was selected for the Yorkshire Second Eleven. Although he failed to score a run in either of his first two innings, over the season he scored 699 runs at an average of 69.90. Yorkshire appointed Cyril Turner as Hutton's mentor. Hutton made his first-class debut for Yorkshire in 1934, at the age of 17 the youngest Yorkshire player since Hirst, 45 years earlier. In his first match, against Cambridge University, he was run out for a duck but scored an unbeaten 50 runs in his second match.
He played regul
Headingley Stadium in Headingley, West Yorkshire, England, is the home of Yorkshire County Cricket Club and Leeds Rhinos rugby league and Yorkshire Carnegie rugby union clubs. There are two separate grounds, Headingley Cricket Ground and Headingley Rugby Stadium, with a two-sided stand housing common facilities. Owned by the Leeds Cricket and Athletic Company, the ground is now managed jointly by Yorkshire C. C. C. and Leeds Rugby. From 2006 until 2017, the stadium was known as the Headingley Carnegie Stadium as a result of sponsorship from Leeds Metropolitan University, whose sports faculty is known as the Carnegie School of Sport Exercise and Physical Education. Since 1 November 2017, the stadium is known as the Emerald Headingley Stadium due to the purchase of the naming rights by Emerald Group Publishing. In December 2005, Yorkshire County Cricket Club obtained a loan of £9 million from Leeds City Council towards the cost of purchasing the cricket ground for £12 million. Shortly afterwards, 98.37% of members who participated in a vote backed the deal.
On 11 January 2006, the club announced plans to rebuild the stand next to the rugby ground with 3,000 extra seats, taking capacity to 20,000. The club announced plans to redevelop the Winter Shed stand on 25 August 2006 providing a £12.5 million pavilion complex. The cricket ground sits to the Northern side of the complex, it opened in 1891 and has been used for Test matches since 1899. It is the main home ground of Yorkshire County Cricket Club and Yorkshire Vikings Twenty20 cricket team; the ground last held The Ashes in 2009. Since 2015 the cricket ground has been floodlit; the ground has a seated capacity of 17,500, executive facilities and a new media centre opened in 2010. All but the stand at the football ground end have been rebuilt since 2000, it is proposed to replace this stand in conjunction with redeveloping its other side facing the rugby ground; the rugby ground sits to the Southern side of the complex. A rugby league ground it now hosts both codes, it is home to Yorkshire Carnegie rugby union club.
The ground consists of three stands and an open terrace at one end, one stand is seated, two mixed. It has a capacity of 21,000. Yorkshire County Cricket Club have shown keen interest in redeveloping the northern side of the ground; this is a major inconvenience to Leeds Rugby Limited as they wish to redevelop their North Stand, which backs onto the Cricket Ground, any redevelopment of this stand cannot go ahead until Yorkshire Cricket are willing to redevelop their side of the cricket pitch. If Headingley is to retain Test Ground Status it is that further improvements will need to be made to the ground. On 5 June 2014 Yorkshire CCC announced the "Headingley Masterplan"; the phased redevelopment costing around £50 million will take place over the next 20 years. Phase One Erection of four permanent floodlight pylons; the floodlights, which have light arrays in the shape of the Yorkshire Rose, were installed in 2015. The first full game to be played under them was the T20 match against Derbyshire Falcons on Friday 15 May 2015, but they were called upon for the County Championship game against Warwickshire a few weeks earlier.
Phase Two The rebuild of the Football Ground End, in conjunction with Leeds Rugby, to incorporate a three-tiered seating area, which will accommodate 5,060 seats, enhanced corporate facilities and new permanent concession units. Phase Three To incorporate an additional 915 seats to the upper tier of the North East Stand with the possibility of a cantilever roof from the side of the Carnegie Pavilion to the existing scoreboard. Phase Four The development of a new Pavilion located in the North West area of the stadium complex. Built on five levels, the Pavilion will be adjacent to the existing Carnegie Pavilion. To include state-of-the-art corporate facilities, new dressing rooms for the players and coaching staff, Members’ Long Room and seating and the creation of a main entrance to the stadium on Kirkstall Lane. Phase Five The erection of a translucent cantilever roof to cover the White Rose Stand on the western side of the ground. Phase Six Landscaping on the White Rose Stand and North East stand concourses.
Yorkshire County Cricket Club and Leeds Metropolitan University have collaborated in building the Headingley Carnegie Pavilion, which replaced'The Shed' to the northern side of the Cricket Ground. The new pavilion replaces'The Winter Shed' and'The Media Centre' at the Kirkstall Lane end of the ground, which had become obsolete, according to Yorkshire County Cricket Club, no longer meeting the requirements of modern broadcasting; the changing facilities are replaced by'state of the art' changing facilities, designed for cricket, while the new executive boxes will provide the expected level of service. Yorkshire County Cricket Clubs offices will be relocated into the pavilion, which boasts environmentally friendly features such as a ground source heat pump and solar hot water heating; the rugby ground has been rebuilt since 2006, when the Carnegie Stand at the east end was opened containing both standing and seated areas, private boxes and catering. In 2017 both the North and South Stands were torn down following Leeds' last home game of the season: the new South Stand will be a two-tier structure similar to the Carnegie Stand with an expanded terrace, while the North Stand's replacement will feature additional executive boxes and state-of-the-art facilities for players and media, as well as thousands of new seats for the cricket ground.
List of cricket grounds in England and Wales List of Test cricket grounds List of international cricket centuries
Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire, England. Leeds has one of the most diverse economies of all the UK's main employment centres and has seen the fastest rate of private-sector jobs growth of any UK city, it has the highest ratio of private to public sector jobs of all the UK's Core Cities, with 77% of its workforce working in the private sector. Leeds has the third-largest jobs total by local authority area, with 480,000 in employment and self-employment at the beginning of 2015. Leeds is ranked as a gamma world city by World Cities Research Network. Leeds is the cultural and commercial heart of the West Yorkshire Urban Area. Leeds is served by four universities, has the fourth largest student population in the country and the country's fourth largest urban economy. Leeds was a small manorial borough in the 13th century, in the 17th and 18th centuries it became a major centre for the production and trading of wool, in the Industrial Revolution a major mill town. From being a market town in the valley of the River Aire in the 16th century, Leeds expanded and absorbed the surrounding villages to become a populous urban centre by the mid-20th century.
It now lies within the West Yorkshire Urban Area, the United Kingdom's fourth-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.6 million. Today, Leeds has become the largest legal and financial centre, outside London with the financial and insurance services industry worth £13 billion to the city's economy; the finance and business service sector account for 38% of total output with more than 30 national and international banks located in the city, including an office of the Bank of England. Leeds is the UK's third-largest manufacturing centre with around 1,800 firms and 39,000 employees, Leeds manufacturing firms account for 8.8% of total employment in the city and is worth over £7 billion to the local economy. The largest sub-sectors are engineering and publishing, food and drink and medical technology. Other key sectors include retail and the visitor economy and the creative and digital industries; the city saw several firsts, including the oldest-surviving film in existence, Roundhay Garden Scene, the 1767 invention of soda water.
Public transport and road communications networks in the region are focused on Leeds, the second phase of High Speed 2 will connect it to London via East Midlands Hub and Sheffield Meadowhall. Leeds has the third busiest railway station and the tenth busiest airport outside London; the name derives from the old Brythonic word Ladenses meaning "people of the fast-flowing river", in reference to the River Aire that flows through the city. This name referred to the forested area covering most of the Brythonic kingdom of Elmet, which existed during the 5th century into the early 7th century. Bede states in the fourteenth chapter of his Ecclesiastical History, in a discussion of an altar surviving from a church erected by Edwin of Northumbria, that it is located in...regione quae vocatur Loidis. An inhabitant of Leeds is locally known as a word of uncertain origin; the term Leodensian is used, from the city's Latin name. The name has been explained as a derivative of Welsh lloed, meaning "a place".
Leeds developed as a market town in the Middle Ages as part of the local agricultural economy. Before the Industrial Revolution, it became a co-ordination centre for the manufacture of woollen cloth, white broadcloth was traded at its White Cloth Hall. Leeds handled one sixth of England's export trade in 1770. Growth in textiles, was accelerated by the building of the Aire and Calder Navigation in 1699 and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal in 1816. In the late Georgian era, William Lupton, Lord of the Manor of Leeds, was one of a number of central Leeds landowners with the mesne lord title, some of whom, like him, were textile manufacturers. At the time of his death in 1828, Lupton's land in Briggate in central Leeds included a mill, manor house and outbuildings; the railway network constructed around Leeds, starting with the Leeds and Selby Railway in 1834, provided improved communications with national markets and for its development, an east-west connection with Manchester and the ports of Liverpool and Hull giving improved access to international markets.
Alongside technological advances and industrial expansion, Leeds retained an interest in trading in agricultural commodities, with the Corn Exchange opening in 1864. Marshall's Mill was one of the first of many factories constructed in Leeds from around 1790 when the most significant were woollen finishing and flax mills. Manufacturing diversified by 1914 to printing, engineering and clothing manufacture. Decline in manufacturing during the 1930s was temporarily reversed by a switch to producing military uniforms and munitions during World War II. However, by the 1970s, the clothing industry was in irreversible decline, facing cheap foreign competition; the contemporary economy has been shaped by Leeds City Council's vision of building a'24-hour European city' and'capital of the north'. The city has developed from the decay of the post-industrial era to become a telephone banking centre, connected to the electronic infrastructure of the modern global economy. There has been growth in the corporate and legal sectors, increased local affluence has led to an expanding retail sector, including the luxury goods market.
Leeds City Region Enterprise Zone was launched in April 2012 to promote development in four sites along the A63 East Leeds Link Road. Leeds was a manor and townshi