Hisingen is the fifth-largest island of Sweden, with an area of 199 km2. It forms part of Gothenburg and is bordered by the Göta älv to the south and east, the Nordre älv to the north, the Kattegat to the west; the northern part of the city of Gothenburg, with its harbours and suburbs, is located on the island, divided between the two historical provinces of Västergötland and Bohuslän. The population of the island is around 130,000, making it the most populated island in Sweden, ahead of Södermalm and Gotland. For a brief, post-war period Hisingen was home to the largest shipbuilding centre in the world, but all three yards closed in 1979. Hisingen is home to both the now separate Volvo Cars. Most of the Nordic countries' largest port, the Port of Gothenburg is located on Hisingen; the etymology of the name Hisingen is disputed. Hísing makes its first appearance in 13th century Icelandic sources; the basic meaning of the prefix His- is "to split, cut off" and can be found in the placenames Hisøy and Hisön.
Hence, the name can be interpreted as "the island cut off from the mainland". A colloquial name for Hisingen is Lift Nobody; this is a play on words. The rock wall paintings and remains of ancient settlements prove that Hisingen was inhabited by the year 9000 BC, it was on Hisingen. It was founded by king Charles IX in 1603 at Färjenäs, it was inhabited by Dutch merchants, enticed to settle there by favorable economic conditions. However, the town was destroyed by the Danish in 1611 during the Kalmar War; until 1658, when it was ceded to Sweden from Denmark-Norway by the Treaty of Roskilde, the island was divided into a Swedish and a Norwegian part. The division continued in the official name of the provincial districts of Swedish and Norwegian Hisingen – Svenska Hisingens härad and Norska Hisingens härad – until 1681 when they were renamed as the Eastern and Western districts; the island was farmland until the 19th century, when industrialization began and companies like Arendalsvarvet, Eriksberg, Götaverken and Lindholmen started operating there.
For most of the 20th century, until the shipyard crisis in the 1970s, the island was the focus for Swedish shipbuilding. The Volvo car manufacturer has its roots on Hisingen. Today, the company still has its main production facilities on the island; the Volvo Museum is located nearby. Over the last 20 years, the northern bank of Göta älv has undergone major expansion. Residential areas, university buildings and high tech industry have replaced the shipyards. See also: History of Gothenburg, History of Westrogothia, History of Bahusia The island has a diverse landscape with coasts and forests; the biggest forest area is Hisingsparken, the largest park in Gothenburg. Rya skog, a smaller forest and a nature reserve, is located in the south of Hisingen. Ramberget, an 87 m hill, is a well-known landmark, it is part of Keiller's Park, established in 1908 and covers an area of over 31 hectares. From the top of the hill, which can be reached by car, there is a wide view of the whole city. All of the island belongs to Gothenburg Municipality.
It is divided up into three boroughs: Norra Hisingen Västra Hisingen Lundby The island is linked to the mainland by several bridges, including the Göta älvbron, the Älvsborg Bridge, the Tingstadstunneln motorway tunnel. A number of bus routes, as well as tram lines 5, 6 10 and 13, connect the island to central Gothenburg. Gothenburg City Airport is located at Säve in the northern part of Hisingen. In 2014 Statistics Sweden declared it to instead be the fifth largest island, under a definition which adds artificial canals to the possible bodies of water surrounding an island, it has been noted that under this definition, all of Götaland would be the country's largest island, rendering Hisingen instead the sixth largest. Port of Gothenburg The homepage of the "northern river bank" project Hisingen
Russia national bandy team
The Russia national bandy team represents Russia in international bandy. Until 1991 there was a national bandy team for the Soviet Union, but a team formally representing the Russian SFSR made a one-off appearance at the Rossiya Tournament 1986 playing against the Soviet Union team. Russia became a member of the Federation of International Bandy following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991; the first time post-Soviet Russia played was at the Russian Government Cup 1992, when Commonwealth of Independent States participated. CIS was considered the temporary successor of the Soviet team and the number one team. After that tournament, CIS did not play again and in the 1993 world championship, Russia represented the country. Russia has never finished below third in the championships; the team has won the Bandy World Championship twelve times, in 1999, 2001, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018 and 2019. The post-Soviet Russian team made its debut at the Russian Government Cup 1992.
The Russians have won the Russian Government Cup eight times. A team "Russia 2" has sometimes appeared in the Russian Government Cup alongside the regular team. Russian squad at the 2016 World Championship in Ulyanovsk, Russia, 1–2 February 2016, which won the World Championship title that year. Official site
The archipelago of Gothenburg comprises northern and southern archipelagoes. The southern archipelago is part of Gothenburg municipality located in the province of Västergötland while the northern archipelago is Öckerö municipality, located in the province of Bohuslän. Trafikverket has ferries from Lilla Varholmen to the northern archipelago; some of the islands are interconnected by bridges. Southern archipelago ferries go from Saltholmen, plus a freight ferry from Fiskebäck; the main islands of the northern Gothenburg archipelago are: Björkö Fotö Grötö Hyppeln Hälsö Hönö Kalvsund Källö-Knippla Rörö Öckerö The southern Gothenburg archipelago lies off the coast of Gothenburg, Sweden's second-largest city. It has another 6,000 summer residents; the archipelago is car free. Transportations is carried out by means of delivery mopeds, electric cars and ferries. In the Norse sagas, it was called Elfarsker; the islands appear to have been famous as a location for holmgangar during the Viking Age. Sagas where the location appears: Örvar-Odds saga Bósa saga ok Herrauðs Þorsteins saga Víkingssonar One of the islands, Brännö, is described as an important location for fairs in the Laxdæla saga, it is considered to be the location of Breca and the Brondings of the Anglo-Saxon poems Widsith and Beowulf.
Köpstadsö is called Kössö. It is a small island with narrow footpaths. Not mopeds are allowed here; the name of the island implies trading. Styrsö: during the 1830s the Öberg family established a guesthouse there; this was the start of a bathing resort, which expanded with the start of steamboats in 1867. Donsö is ship-owning community; the harbour is the center of the island. It is surrounded by 20th century fishing facilities. Vargö has been a nature reserve since 1986; the varied sea landspace offers a diversity of flora. It is a good place to see razorbills, woodland birds and eiders. Vrångö is the southernmost inhabited island with a small town centre and a hiking route round both the north and south of the island. Rivö fjord, the estuary of the Göta älv Southern Gothenburg Archipelago The Gothenburg Archipelago Göteborg & Co
Västergötland known as West Gothland or the Latinized version Westrogothia in older literature, is one of the 25 traditional non-administrative provinces of Sweden, situated in the southwest of Sweden. Västergötland is home to Gothenburg, the second largest city in Sweden, situated along a short stretch of the Kattegat strait; the province is bordered by Bohuslän, Dalsland, Värmland, Närke, Östergötland, Småland and Halland, as well as the two largest Swedish lakes Vänern and Vättern. Crown Princess Victoria is Duchess of Västergötland; the provinces of Sweden serve no administrative function. Instead, that function is served by counties of Sweden. From the 17th century up until 31 December 1997, Västergötland was divided into Skaraborg County, Älvsborg County and a minor part of Gothenburg and Bohus County. From 1 January 1998 nearly all of the province is in the newly created Västra Götaland County, with the exception of Habo Municipality and Mullsjö Municipality, which were transferred to Jönköping County, smaller parts of the province which are in Halland County and Örebro County.
Västergötland was granted its arms at the time of the funeral of King Gustav Vasa in 1560. The province is a duchy and the arms can be represented with the ducal coronet. Blazon: "Per bend sinister Sable and Or, a Lion rampant counterchanged langued and armed Gules between two Mullets Argent in the Sable field." The southern and eastern part of the province is dominated by hills, belonging to the southern Swedish highlands. In geological terms southern Västergötland is made up of northward tilted surfaces of the Sub-Cambrian peneplain making up the flank of the Southern Swedish Dome; the northern and western portions of the province belong to the Central Swedish lowland, which in this part is referred to as the Västgöta-plains or Västgötaslätten. Characteristic for these lowlands in Västergötland is that they contain hills made up Silurian-aged sedimentary rock; these are. Along the Kattegat lies the archipelago known as the Gothenburg archipelago; the southern part of it, belonging to Gothenburg Municipality, is part of Västergötland.
The northwestern border is demarkated by Sweden's largest lake Vänern, the north-eastern border is demarked by Sweden's second lake Vättern. Within the province the shoreline of Lake Vänern is 330 kilometres long, along Vättern it is 130 km; the largest river is Göta älv which drains Vänern to the Kattegat strait. The average rainfall is 600 mm in the plains; the average temperature is − 15 °C in July. Highest mountain: Galtåsen 362 meters National parks: Tiveden, Djurö As of 31 December 2016, Västergötland had a population of 1,328,128 distributed over four counties: There are many ancient remains in Västergötland. Among the most notable of these remains are the dolmens from the Funnelbeaker culture, in the Falköping area south of lake Vänern. Finnestorp, near Larv, was a weapons sacrificial site from the Iron Age; the population of Västergötland, the Viking Geats appear in the writings of the Greek Ptolemaios, they appear as Gautigoths in Jordanes' work in the 6th century. The province of Västergötland represents the heartland of Götaland, once an independent petty kingdom with a long line of Geatish kings.
These are described in foreign sources and through legends. It is possible that Västergötland had the same king as the rest of Sweden at the time of the monk Ansgar's mission to Sweden in the 9th century, but both the date and nature of its inclusion into the Swedish kingdom is a matter of much debate; some date it as early as the 6th century, based on the Swedish-Geatish wars in Beowulf epos. Västergötland received much early influence from the British Isles and is considered to be the bridgehead of Christianity's advance into Sweden. Recent excavations at Varnhem suggest that at least its central parts were Christian in the 9th century. Around 1000, King Olof Skötkonung is held to have received baptism near lake Vänern. However, the Christianization was met with heavy opposition in the rest of his kingdom, so Olof had to restrict the Christian activities to Västergötland; the Christian faith spread, by the time the provincial law Västgötalagen was written in the 13th century, Västergötland had 517 churches.
The seat of the area's diocese seems to have been Husaby, but since 1150 the city of Skara held that distinction. From the election of King Stenkil in the 11th century and Geatish dynasties vied for the control of Sweden during long civil wars. For instance, the Swedish king Ragnvald Knaphövde was elected king by the Swedes, but when he entered Västergötland, he chose not to demand hostage from the powerful Geatish clans and was slain by the Geats near Falköping. Several times, Västergötland was independent from Sweden with kings such as Inge I of Sweden and Magnus the Strong. In years the area was progressively tied more to the Swedish kingdom. Being in peace with the rest of Sweden did not mean being in peace. Located along the borders of Denmark and Norway, the area was involved in armed disputes and invaded by hostile armies; some places and dates of early battles were the Battle of Älgarås, the Battle of Lena, the Battle of Hova, the Battle of Gälakvist and the Battle of Falköping. Thereafter, Sweden was involved in the Sweden-Danish wars.
Port of Gothenburg
The municipally-owned Port of Gothenburg is the largest port in the Nordic countries, with over 11,000 ship visits per year from over 140 destinations worldwide. As the only Swedish port with the capacity to cope with the largest modern, ocean-going container ships, Gothenburg handles nearly 30% of the country's foreign trade, comprising 39 million tonnes of freight per year; the port is situated on both sides of the estuary of Göta älv in Gothenburg. The north shore, Norra Älvstranden, is on Hisingen island and the south shore, Södra Älvstranden, is on the mainland, it is a combined river and the total length of the dock is 13.1 km. The port is divided into a number of harbors. In 2013 the port handled 860,000 containers and 160,000 new cars, it has 24 scheduled rail freight shuttles, serving Sweden. The primary imports are crude oil and food; the primary exports are new vehicles and paper. There are specialised terminals for containers, ro-ro, cars and oil and other energy products; the port is large and deep enough to accommodate very large ships, such as the Maya of the Mediterranean Shipping Company that arrived at the port on 21 December 2015.
It was the world's largest container ship, 396 m long with a draft of 16 m and a 19,224 TEU capacity. Official website
The Älvsborg Bridge is a suspension bridge over Göta älv in Gothenburg, which connects the north and the south part of the city. It was designed by Sven Olof Asplund; the total length of the bridge is 933 metres and distance between the towers is 417 metres, while the clearance below the bridge is 45 metres. The pylons are 107 metres tall making the bridge one of Gothenburg's most prominent landmarks; the bridge was painted green for the 1995 World Championships in Athletics. Work used about 36,000 litres of paint; the bridge was the finish line for the 2005–06 Volvo Ocean Race. Älvborgsbron at Structurae Pictures
Göteborg Landvetter Airport
Göteborg Landvetter Airport is an international airport serving the Gothenburg region in Sweden. With just over 6.8 million passengers in 2018 it is Sweden's second-largest airport after Stockholm–Arlanda. Landvetter is an important freight airport. During 2007, 60.1 thousand tonnes of air cargo passed through Landvetter, about 60% of the capacity of Arlanda. The airport is named after Landvetter locality, in Härryda municipality, it is 40 km west of Borås. It is operated by the national airport company. Since the closure of Göteborg City Airport for commercial operations, it's the city's only commercial passenger airport; the airport was opened by king Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden on 3 October in 1977. Passenger services at Torslanda Airport, north of Gothenburg, were moved to Landvetter in 1977. In 2001, some budget airlines began serving the former military base in Säve, renamed from Säve Flygplats to Gothenburg City Airport; that airport was closed down in winter 2014–2015 because of large reconstruction needs, meaning an increase of traffic on Landvetter of a million annual passengers.
There has been a tendency that international air travel has increased on tourists, while domestic has declined somewhat. In 2013 the international terminal was extended with new shops, in 2014 the domestic and international terminals were joined into a single terminal. On 14 April 2015 Swedavia announced a 10-year long contract with DHL Express to build a new 7500 m² large cargo terminal, replacing the old 1700 m²; the construction is underway for one year. This was a step included in plans for Airport City. In 2018-2020 the terminal building will be enlarged, with three new air bridges. There are plans to build a shortcut on the railway Gothenburg–Borås with a tunnel and a railway station under the airport. Construction start is planned to be 2020 and operation estimated by 2023. Landvetter Airport has traditionally had two terminals and international, but they have merged into one common terminal. In 2009 all baggage drop was moved to in the international terminal, since all baggage had to be screened with new regulations.
In 2014 the two terminals joined into one with all baggage collected at the arrivals hall in the previous international terminal. The transfer area, which has several shops, cafés and a restaurant, is accessible for all passengers since that year. There are eight air bridges, at gates 12–17, 19, 20. Gates 10–11, 18A–18H and 21C–21D transport passengers to the aircraft via an airside bus transfer. Gate 21A/B is an aircraft stand with a short walk to the aircraft instead; the eight air bridges are not enough, so airside bus transfer is used. Traditionally gates 10–15, which are accessed without clearing immigration, used to be limited to intra-Nordic flights but nowadays cater to all flights within the Schengen Area, which are treated as domestic flights. Gates 21A–21D are located in the international transit area, used for flights outside the Schengen Area, access is only possible after clearing immigration. Gate 19 and 20 are positionable so that, depending on upcoming flights, reaching them may or may not require clearing immigration.
The freight terminal uses gate numbers below 10. The airport has a VIP area, where travellers for a fee can go through a dedicated security check, wait in the VIP lounge and be transported by car to the aeroplane, avoiding mix with other, non paying passengers; the VIP area can hold wedding ceremonies. The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Göteborg: Flygbussarna and Swebus takes passengers to the city of Gothenburg in 20 minutes, in 30 minutes to Gothenburg Central station. Swebus takes passengers to Borås central station in 35–40 minutes and to Jönköping central station in 1h 50m; the road distance to Gothenburg is 25 kilometres and to Borås 40 kilometres, both via the Riksväg 40 motorway. There are 7,300 parking spaces at the airport. Civil Aviation Administration List of the busiest airports in the Nordic countries Media related to Gothenburg-Landvetter Airport at Wikimedia Commons Official website Current weather for ESGG at NOAA/NWS