East Jutland metropolitan area
East Jutland metropolitan area or Greater Aarhus is a geographic term for an area in Jutland and Funen, Denmark. The term denotes a functional coherent area linked by both infrastructure and labour across municipal boundaries, with about 1.4 million people living in the area it represents approximately 25% of the population of Denmark and is the second largest Metropolitan area after Greater Copenhagen. The region has 19 municipalities as of 2016, the area consist of Business Region Aarhus with a population of 960,000 to the north, and Trekantsområdet with 418,000 people in the south. The metropolitan area is a hub for education and is home to many large companies, in particular in the sectors of food production, renewable energy. Major companies includes Vestas Wind Systems A/S and Arla Foods, among cooperative dairy companies, Arla is the third largest in the world. The primary harbour of the region is Aarhus harbour and it is the largest industrial harbour in Denmark and among largest in Northern Europe, only surpassed by the Swedish industrial harbour in Gothenburg in the Kattegat sea area.
With modern facilities, it handles approximately 12 million tonnes of cargo per year and is therefore among the 100 biggest containerports in the world, Greater Aarhus boasts a unique position in the global wind energy market. It is home to some of the world’s biggest manufacturers of wind turbines and constitutes the world’s most advanced knowledge center. An array of suppliers and subcontractors, covers the supply chain. The wind business cluster here has a legacy of cooperation between manufacturers, scientific communities and public authorities. Note that on 24 February 2016, Viborg municipality became a part of Business Region Aarhus, contributing with a population of 95,776 and an area of 1,409 km2. The core area around Aarhus is the most populated area in East Jutland, the figures below are for the core area centered on Aarhus and most populous area in the East Jutland metropolitan area as of 1 January 2016. The figures below are for the whole East Jutland metropolitan area as of 1 January 2016
Venstre, full name Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti, is a conservative-liberal and agrarian political party in Denmark. Founded as part of a movement against the landed aristocracy. Venstre is the party of the centre-right in Denmark. The party has produced many Prime Ministers, Denmarks current government is a minority government consisting of Venstre alone, supported by the other right wing parties. In the 2015 parliamentary elections, Venstre received 19. 5% of the vote and it is led by Lars Løkke Rasmussen, who took over as party leader and Prime Minister from Anders Fogh Rasmussen when the latter became Secretary General of NATO in 2009. The party is a member of Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals, one of Denmarks thirteen MEPs are from Venstre in the 2014-19 term of office, and they sit with the ALDE Group in the European Parliament. Venstre is categorised as centre-right on the political spectrum and it is a market liberal party within the Nordic agrarian tradition, and today is notably more pro-free market than its sister parties.
Some describe it as liberal, since its leader from 1998 to 2009. His book advocated a reform of the Danish welfare state along classical liberal lines, including lower taxes and less government interference in corporate. Since the elections in 2001, Venstre has enacted a tax stop in order to halt the growth in taxes seen during the previous eight years under the Social Democrats. This tax stop has been under fire from the parties on the left wing of Danish politics, allegedly for being asocial. Venstre, or the Left in English, was founded in 1870 under the name Det Forenede Venstre and it was formed through the merger of three parliamentary factions, all of whom had identified as leftist in the context of the time. From 1895 to 1910 it was known as Venstrereformpartiet, and after that simply as Venstre, Venstre was traditionally a party advocating free trade and farmers interests as opposed to the interests of the aristocracy which were the platform of the conservative party, Højre. This traditional landed basis resulted in a decline in influence due to the rapidly accelerating urbanisation of Danish society.
Starting in the 1880s, the party began expanding into urban regions as well, after the 1960s these developments reoriented Venstre from a classical liberal party to conservative liberalism. During the leadership of Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the party turned further to the right, the name has, its historical explanation. At the time of its foundation, Venstre affirmed progressive ideas in the Danish parliament and their opponents, Højre, the forerunner of the present-day Conservative Peoples Party, advocated for established interests, particularly the Church of Denmark and the landed gentry. In current Danish politics there is a distinction between the concepts of Venstre and venstrefløj
Grenaa is a Danish town and seaport on the east coast of the Jutlandic peninsula. Tourism and commerce are important sectors in the economy of Grenaa and it is the only larger town on Djursland. Grenaa is the seat, and the largest town, in Norddjurs Municipality. Grenaa was first mentioned in 1231 and it was granted the status of a market town in 1445. Grenaa has a lingering production industry just as in most of the western world, development of tourism and educational institutions is sought to play a larger role for Grenaa in the future. The 5 km sandy Grenaa Beach is significant for tourism, with a hinterland of summer cottages, including many rentals. Grenaa is a shopping centre for central-eastern Djursland, an about 40 km x 40 km peninsula, protruding into the sea. With 14.601 inhabitants Grenaa is the largest town on the c.40 km x 40 km peninsula, where coastal tourism is important. Djursland has 22 sandy beaches along the three-sided 260 km coastline, with in the order of 7.000 summer-, Grenaa Beach can be seen as the best of the beaches on Djursland, as it was elected as one of the two best beaches in Denmark in 2006.
All coastlines in Denmark are accessible to the public by law, contributing to making the walkable, the climate is coastal temperate, influenced by the Gulf Stream. Westerly and south-westerly winds are common, the yearly precipitation is 700 mm. The average summer temperature is 16 degrees Celsius, the coldest month is January with an average temperature of 0.5 degrees. This, combined with the coastlines, means that it seldom gets crowded on the coast. Grenaa has a seaport that has been expanded in recent years. The town is connected by ferry to Varberg in Sweden. The town is connected by railway to Denmarks second largest city, Aarhus,60 km to the south-east. The station offers local train services to Aarhus and Odder as part of the Aarhus Commuter Rail service. Aarhus Airport lies 20 km to the south-east from Grenaa, Grenaa Beach -5 km of sandy beach starting at Grenaa Marina. 250 species of creatures from around the world, including seals
Randers is a city in Randers Municipality, Central Denmark Region on the Jutland peninsula. It is Denmarks sixth-largest city, with a population of 61,163, Randers is the municipalitys main town and the site of its municipal council. The municipality is a part of the East Jutland metropolitan area, by road it is 38.5 kilometres north of Aarhus,43.8 kilometres east of Viborg, and 224 kilometres northwest of Copenhagen. Randers became a market town in medieval times, and many of its 15th-century half-timbered houses remain today, as does St Martins Church. Trade by sea was facilitated through the Gudenå River, entering Randers Fjord, most of the larger historic industries in Randers are gone today. From 1970, the population saw a decline from a peak of 58.500 citizens, the main tourist attraction is Randers Tropical Zoo thanks to its artificial rainforest, the largest in Northern Europe, its 350 varieties of plant and over 175 species of animals. The citys football team, Randers FC, play their homes games at the AutoC Park Randers, and are in Denmarks first league, the Superligaen.
The town is home to Randers rugby union club and Jutland RLFC, a rugby league team, as well as Randers Cimbria. The oldest forms of the name appear on coins minted from the times of King George until those of Svend Grathe. The coins bear the names Ranrosia, Radrusia, ancient written records include the Latin Randrusium, Icelandic Randrosi, and Rondrus, Randrøs. Other early forms provide Randersborg and Randershusen, the name appears to stem from Rand and Aros and probably means town on the hillside by the river mouth. The modern form Randers was first came into use at the end of the 17th century, Randers was formally established around the 12th century, but traces of activity date back to Viking times. Canute IV of Denmark, known as Canute the Saint and Canute the Holy, the peasants of Randers who rose up against him and his plans to attack England and its ruler, William the Conqueror, assembled in this town. Their uprising led to the death of Canute, a chronicle written at Essenbæk Abbey tells of a fire that ravaged the city.
The city was destroyed and rebuilt three times in the 13th century, in 1246, it was burned down by Abel of Denmarks troops during the civil uprising against Eric IV of Denmark. This action led to insurrection against the Germans. Ebbesen died in a battle at Skanderborg Castle in December 1340. A statue to Ebbesen stands in front of Randers Town Hall today, when King Valdemar IV of Denmark tried to assemble a government in 1350 after the mortgaging to the Holsteiners, the town was further reinforced with protection, and was often named as Randershus
Lemvig, with a population of 6,966, is the main town in Lemvig Municipality, Denmark. Lemvig is a 750-year-old market town, and received its charter in 1545. One of the landmarks of Lemvig is the church from the 13th century. The old town is situated between the Limfjord, a lake and some hills, the nearby areas of natural beauty were shaped during the last Ice Age. The town is situated 10 kilometers from the North Sea 375 kilometers from Copenhagen, lemvigs economy is based on traditional sectors such as metal and furniture industry. Among the largest employers in the town are KK Electronics, Nilfisk-Advance and The Danish Coastal Directorate
Randers Municipality is a municipality in Region Midtjylland on the Jutland peninsula in central Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 748.21 km², and has a population of 96,559 and its mayor as of 1 January 2014 is Claus Omann Jensen, a member of Venstre. The main town and the site of its council is the city of Randers. The Guden River, Denmarks longest river, runs from Randers Fjord in Nørhald municipality to the east, through the city of Randers, the 160 kilometer long Guden River continues to Tinnet Krat in Vejle County. The citys nearly 3 kilometer long Guden River Park stretches along the banks in the center of the town. He was the representative in Parliament during most of his active Parliament career. He represented the Social Democrats political party
Aarhus Municipality, until 2011 formerly known as Århus Municipality, is a municipality in the Central Region, on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula in central Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 470.95 km2, and has a population of 331,332, the main town and the site of its municipal council is the city of Aarhus. Neighbouring municipalities are Syddjurs to the north, Favrskov to the northwest, Skanderborg to the southwest and it forms part of the East Jutland metropolitan area. Aarhus Municipality was not merged with other municipalities in the nationwide Kommunalreformen due to its relatively large size. Aarhus City Council is the municipal government, the city council consists of 31 members elected for four-year terms. Administratively the municipality is divided into six minor agencies which together constitute the magistrate led by a mayor and it is the only Danish city with a magistrate structure. The current Mayor of Aarhus municipality is Jacob Bundsgaard of the Social Democrats, Wammen wanted to focus on the upcoming election for Parliament.
The gender composition of the city council has risen steadily in favour of women through the 20th century, the first publicly elected mayor of Aarhus was appointed in 1919. In the 1970 Danish Municipal Reform the current Aarhus municipality was created by merging 20 municipalities, Aarhus Municipality has 45 electoral wards and polling stations in four electoral districts for the folketing. The diocese of Aarhus has four deaneries composed of 60 parishes within Aarhus municipality, Aarhus municipality contains 21 postal districts and some parts of another 9. The urban area of Aarhus and the suburbs are divided into the districts Aarhus C, Aarhus N, Aarhus V, Viby J, Højbjerg. Aarhus is segmented into districts on different levels often containing several distinct neighbourhoods within them, the historical centre, known as Indre By, includes the neighbourhoods Centralværkstedet, the Latin Quarter and the areas around the Central Station and Aarhus Concert Hall. Districts and suburbs further out are Brabrand, Egå, Hasselager, Kolt, Rosenhøj, Skæring, Skåde, Stavtrup and Tranbjerg.
Statistics Denmark defines towns or cities as areas more than 200 residents in a continuous settlement with no more than 200 meters between residential structures. The city of Aarhus is the second largest urban area in Denmark, the port on the east coast of Jutland. In 2013 Beder and Malling was officially counted as an urban area for the first time. Towns in the municipality are generally considered satellites of Aarhus, population figures from Statistics Denmark,1
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Ebeltoft is an old port town on the central east coast of Denmark with a population of 7,468. It is located in Syddjurs municipality in Region Midtjylland on the larger Djursland peninsula of Jutland, Ebeltoft is known for its old town center with cobble-stoned streets and centuries-old half-timbered houses. Plans for the conservation of this environment, was initiated in the 1960s by the city council. Ebeltoft and the countryside is one of the tourist centres of Denmark, with many summer houses and rentals, a marina. In spite of its small size, Ebeltoft is quite lively, especially in the summer season. The population soars in June and August - but all year round and this is due to the Danish phenomenon of summer houses, most are made of wood but often quite luxurious, and there are several thousand in this area. The town is, generally speaking, well-to-do, quite a few people work in the city of Aarhus, which is only 50 km away by road and so within commuting distance. The Aarhus Airport is just 15 km by road to the north, Ebeltoft itself offers fewer and fewer opportunities for employment.
However, the town is popular with artisans, such as workers, painters. The Glasmuseet Ebeltoft, which shows contemporary art from all over the world, was established in 1985 by Ebeltoft glass artists Finn Lynggaard and his wife. The many general stores and supermarkets - as well as hotels, around Ebeltoft lies small towns such as Fuglsø and Knebel on the Mols Peninsula. Just south of the town is the resort of Øer. In 2009 the large Mols Bjerge National Park was inaugurated and it includes the town of Ebeltoft, djurs Sommerland - outdoor amusement park Randers Tropical Zoo Kattegatcentret – aquarium, sharks, seals Fjord- og Kystcentret/ Visit Center at Randers Fjord – exhibitions, guided tours, etc. Dansk Motor- og Maskinsamling – The Engine Collection, Scandinavia’s largest stationary engine collection Landbrugsmuseet, estrup/ The Agriculture Museum at Gl. Estrup - agricultural museum including extensive gardens with vegetables and crops Herregårdsmuseet Gl
Djursland is a 44 km ×33 km hilly lowland peninsula in Denmark at the entrance to the Baltic Sea, between Denmark and Sweden in Northern Europe. Djursland protrudes into the Kattegat sea, as part of the peninsula of Jutland. Djursland comprise the two municipalities of Norddjurs and Syddjurs, the only larger city on Djursland is Grenå, but both Randers and Aarhus are close-by. Agriculture and fishing has been the mainstay of the culture here for millennia. There are many relics of the past on Djursland, reaching back to the earliest cultures of the Nordic Stone Age. Djursland is a place for recreation in the summer and has several activities for tourists to offer. It attracts both Danes and foreigners alike and tourism is a job and economic contributor on Djursland nowadays. Since 2009 a larger area of Djursland has been part of the Mols Bjerge National Park, Djursland has a mild, temperate coastal climate, influenced by the North Atlantic Current. The yearly precipitation is 700 mm, making Djursland well suited for agriculture, the average summer temperature is 16 degrees Celsius.
The coldest month is January with a temperature of 0.5 degrees. The predominant crops are barley, canola, and in recent years corn, growing at its northern range, a little over 10% of Djursland is covered with forest and the most common trees are Norway spruce, Scots pine and beech. The population density of Djursland is 42 inhabitants per km2, compared to 126 for Denmark as a whole, neighboring Germany to the south has 230 inhabitants per km2, England to the west 407, and Sweden to the east of Denmark 21 inhabitants per km2. Denmark has 5.6 million inhabitants, of whom 80,000 live in Djursland, even on hilly Djursland, only a few of the hills rise 70 metres above sea level, none higher than 140 metres. Coastlines, Djursland is surrounded by sea on three sides, and has three corresponding distinct types of coastline, variation is a common denominator for Djurslands coastal geography, as well as the inland geography. The north coast is child-friendly for bathing and paddling, an adult has to wade in the order of a hundred metres to reach swimming depth.
The water heats up quickly in summer, fishing for flatfish is good, but one needs a boat to reach sufficient fishing depth. East Coast - The 50 km coastline facing Sweden is stony, the east coast has sufficient swimming depth close to the shore within 5–20 metres from land. The east coast is known among anglers and scuba divers, there are two major exceptions to the stony coastline