Sible Hedingham is a large village and civil parish in the Colne Valley in the Braintree District of Essex, in England. It has a population of 3,994 according to the 2011 census. Sible Hedingham lies in the northern corner of Essex, close to both the Suffolk and Cambridgeshire borders; the village covers some 2,123 hectares. The Domesday Book lists the village together with Hedingham Castle amongst the lands given to Roger Bigod by the king; the land included woodland for 70 pigs, in total valued at £4. A variation on the village name is "Hengham Sybyle"; the village is twinned with the French commune of Choisy-au-Bac, located in Picardy region, Oise department. J. Redwood Anderson, poet died here Savitri Devi, prominent proponent of animal rights, deep ecology and Nazism, who died here Sir John Hawkwood, English mercenary, active in 14th-century Italy John Hilton FRCS, FRS, FZS, Surgeon Extraordinary to Queen Victoria and greatest anatomist of his time Samuel Wilbore – a founder of Portsmouth Colony as a religious dissenter from the Plymouth Colony of Boston, Massachusetts Dummy, the Witch of Sible Hedingham Media related to Sible Hedingham at Wikimedia Commons
Hedingham Castle, in the village of Castle Hedingham, Essex, is arguably the best preserved Norman keep in England. The castle fortifications and outbuildings were built around 1100, the keep around 1140. However, the keep; the keep. The manor of Hedingham was awarded to Aubrey de Vere I by William the Conqueror by 1086; the castle was constructed by the de Veres in the late 11th and early 12th centuries, the keep in the 1130s and 1140s. To accommodate the existing castle, a large ditch was cut through a natural spur westward into the Colne Valley in order to form a ringwork and inner bailey; the stone keep is the only mediaeval structure to survive, is in an excellent state of preservation. The keep is nearly square, a common shape for Norman keeps; the east and west sides are 53 ft long and the north-south sides about 58 ft. The main part of the keep stands more than 70 ft tall, the turrets rise an additional 15 to 25 ft above the parapets, commanding the countryside around it from its elevated position atop the ringwork.
The walls are about 11 ft thick at the base and average 10 ft thick at the top. They are constructed from flint rubble bound with lime mortar, but unusually for an Essex castle, are faced with ashlar stone transported from a quarry in Barnack, Northamptonshire; the keep has five floors including the Great or Banqueting Hall with a great fireplace and a central arch extending two stories. The top floor may have been added around the 15th century, replacing an impressive pyramid-shaped roof; this is a recent theory and many older sources have noted the similar plans of Hedingham Castle and Rochester Castle, begun about 1126 and has four floors and four turrets. Changes were made in subsequent years during the Tudor period. Two of the original four corner turrets are missing, it seems however, that their demise was an attempt to demolish the building for materials rather than a result of military action. The outer buildings, including the hall and others, were replaced during the Tudor period. However, those structures have now been lost.
The only exception is the red-brick bridge of four spans that connects the inner bailey to the outer bailey, lying to the north-east of the keep. The bridge has been restored several times. A chapel was located to the south of the stone keep within the inner bailey. Around 1700, a Queen Anne style red-brick mansion was built in the outer bailey by Sir William Ashhurst, an MP and a former Lord Mayor of London; this was built sometime between his purchase of the property in 1693 and his death in 1719. Hedingham Castle may occupy the site of an earlier castle believed to have been built in the late 11th or early 12th century by Aubrey de Vere I, a Norman baron. Hedingham was one of the largest manors among those acquired by Aubrey I; the Domesday Book records that he held the manor of Hedingham by 1086, he ordered that vineyards be planted. It became the head of the Vere barony. Aubrey II and Aubrey III are candidates for initiating the construction of a major stone tower at Hedingham to reflect the enhanced status of the family.
In 1133 Aubrey II, son and heir of the first Aubrey, was created master chamberlain of England by Henry I. In 1141, his son and heir Aubrey was granted an earldom by Empress Matilda. By that time he had been Count of Guines for several years by right of his wife's inheritance of that continental territory. Matilda, wife of King Stephen, died at Castle Hedingham on 3 May 1152; the castle was besieged twice, in 1216 and 1217, during the dispute between King John, rebel barons, the French prince.. The castle was held by the de Vere family until 1625. Among the more famous earls are Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford. In 1713 the castle was purchased by Sir William Ashhurst; the Majendie family owned Hedingham Castle for 250 years until Miss Musette Majendie left it to her cousin, The Honourable Thomas Lindsay, descended from the de Veres through both maternal and paternal lines. His son Jason Lindsay and wife Demetra now live at Hedingham Castle with their children. While Hedingham Castle remains a family home, the Norman keep and grounds are open to the public from Easter to October.
Educational school visits take place throughout the year. Today the castle is a venue for a range of events, including jousting, falconry, re-enactment battles, fairs and vintage car shows, music concerts and theatre productions. Hedingham Castle is used for wedding ceremonies and corporate or private parties. Weddings are held by candlelight in the keep with space for 100 seated guests and standing room in the Minstrels’ gallery. Civil ceremonies, Civil Partnerships, Renewal of Vows and Naming ceremonies are all permitted; the Queen Anne mansion house and marquee are used for wedding parties. The castle has been described as "the best preserved Norman keep in England." Hedingham Castle was the location for episode 2 of The Landscape of Man aired on Channel 4 in 2010 in which the castle grounds and gardens, left to become a wilderness throughout the 20th c
HMS Hedingham Castle (K491)
HMS Hedingham Castle was a Castle-class corvette constructed for the Royal Navy during the Second World War. Before being completed, the ship was transferred to the Royal Canadian Navy, renamed HMCS Orangeville and used as a convoy escort for the rest of the war. Following the war, the ship was sold to Chinese interests for mercantile use and renamed Ta Tung in 1946. In 1947, the ship was renamed Hsi Lin before being taken over by Nationalist China in 1951, rearmed and renamed Te An. Te An remained in service until 1967; the Castle class were an improved corvette design over their predecessor Flower class. The Flower class was not considered acceptable for mid-Atlantic sailing and was only used on Atlantic convoy duty out of need. Though the Admiralty would have preferred Loch-class frigates, the inability of many small shipyards to construct the larger ships required them to come up with a smaller vessel; the increased length of the Castle class over their predecessors and their improved hull form gave the Castles better speed and performance on patrol in the North Atlantic and an acceptable replacement for the Flowers.
This, coupled with improved anti-submarine armament in the form of the Squid mortar led to a much more capable anti-submarine warfare vessel. However, the design did have criticisms in the way it handled at low speeds and that the class's maximum speed was slower than the speeds of the new U-boats they would be facing. A Castle-class corvette was 252 feet long with a beam of 36 feet 8 inches and a draught of 13 feet 6 inches at deep load; the ships displaced 1,060 tonnes standard and 1,580 tonnes deep load. The ships had a complement of 120; the ships were powered by two Admiralty three-drum boilers. This powered one vertical triple expansion engine that drove one shaft, giving the ships a maximum speed of 16.5 knots. The ships carried 480 tons of oil giving them a range of 6,200 nautical miles at 15 knots; the corvettes were armed. Anti-air armament varied from 4 to 10 Oerlikon 20 mm cannons. For ASW purposes, the ships were equipped with one three-barreled Squid anti-submarine mortar with 81 projectiles.
The ships had two depth charge throwers and one depth charge rail on the stern that came with 15 depth charges. The ships were equipped with Type 145 and Type 147B ASDIC; the Type 147B was tied to the Squid anti-submarine mortar and would automatically set the depth on the fuses of the projectiles until the moment of firing. A single Squid-launched attack had a success rate of 25%; the class was provided with HF/DF and Type 277 radar. Hedingham Castle, named for the castle in Essex, was laid down on 23 July 1943 by Henry Robb Ltd. at Leith. At some point in 1943, the ship was transferred to the Royal Canadian Navy was launched on 26 January 1944. Renamed Orangeville for the town in Ontario, the corvette was commissioned into the Royal Canadian Navy on 24 April 1944 with the pennant number K491. After commissioning, the ship worked up at Tobermory and in May 1944, joined the Mid-Ocean Escort Force as a member of the convoy escort group C-1. Orangeville spend the rest of the Second World War as a convoy escort, with her last convoy, ONS 48 westbound to Canada.
After arriving in Canada, Orangeville was sent to Liverpool, Nova Scotia for a refit in May that lasted until August. Following the refit, the ship was placed in reserve at Halifax, Nova Scotia and was paid off at Halifax on 12 April 1946; the ship was sold on 5 September 1946 for mercantile use to Chinese interests and renamed Ta Tung in 1947. Ta Tung had a gross register tonnage of 1,387 tons; the ship was renamed twice in 1947, first as Hsi Ling as Shih Lin. Registered at the port of Shanghai, the ship was first owned by the Chinese government; the ship was sold to the China Merchants' SN Company in 1948. In June 1951, Hsi Lin was taken over by the Nationalist Chinese government and renamed Te An and remained in service until being discarded in 1967. Brown, David K.. Atlantic Escorts Ships: Ships, Weapons & Tactics in World War II. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84415-702-0. Brown, David K.. Nelson to Vanguard: Warship Design and Development 1923–1945. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing.
ISBN 978-1-84832-149-6. Chesneau, Roger, ed.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. Colledge, J. J.. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475. Macpherson, Ken; the Ships of Canada's Naval Forces 1910–2002. St. Catharines, Ontario: Vanwell Publishing. ISBN 1-55125-072-1
Moira, County Down
Moira is a village and civil parish in County Down, Northern Ireland. It is near the borders with counties Antrim and Armagh; the M1 motorway and Belfast–Dublin railway line are nearby. The settlement has existed since time immemorial. In a 2008 estimate the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency approximated the population of Moira to be 4,221; the etymology of Moira is somewhat uncertain. It seems to be an anglicisation of the Irish Maigh Rath, which may mean either'plain of the wheels' or'plain of the ringforts'. Another Irish form of the name is Mag Rath; the change most occurred during or before the Plantation of Ulster. Regardless Moira has now evolved to become both the one in everyday use. Moira has been a settlement for at least 1,500 years. For the period it consisted most only of small dwellings surrounded by several earthen ringforts. Evidence of three such forts still remain; the best known of these is the so-called "Rough Fort", situated on the Old Kilmore Road. However, the remains of "Pretty Mary's Fort" exist behind the Waringfield residential area.
Evidence of a third ringfort can be found near Claremont. The existence of these primitive defences, coupled with the good-view afforded from the top of Moira hill, made the settlement strategically valuable. Proximity to Lough Neagh enhanced this value. Accordingly, during the repeated power struggles of the first millennium the area was fought over, witnessed the largest battle in the history of Ireland when three tribal kings contested the area to determine supremacy in Ulster and beyond; this was the Battle of Moira. Its impact on Moira is still felt. After the battle a bishop by the name of Ronan Finn was alleged to have created a monastery in the area; the medieval period itself remains shrouded in mystery. It is known that the town and its hinterland were under the control of the O'Lavery Clan for a considerable period, they were Catholic families. Indeed, prior to the Nine Years War Ulster was the most gaelic part of Ireland. There were few towns, few roads and much of the country was thickly wooded.
However the subjugation of Ulster by the victorious armies of Elizabeth I reduced the clout of Gaelic hierarchs, the O'Laverys included. But it was their participation in the Irish Rebellion of 1641 doomed their dominance; the English authorities crushed the rebellion and confiscated vast amounts of native Irish property, in Moira as in the rest of Ireland. As a direct result of this the Protestant plantations of Ulster was accelerated. In 1631 Major George Rawdon, a wealthy man from the village of Rawdon in Yorkshire, settled in Moira. During the Irish Rebellion of 1641 he and 200 English soldiers helped defeat the army of Sir Phelim O'Neill and re-secure Moira and its environs for the Crown. In 1651 an officer by the name of Major de Burgh purchased a small estate and built a brick house in Moira; this house, the forerunner of Moira Castle, was subsequently purchased by Rawdon. Following his actions in putting down rebellion Rawdon subsequently purchased vast amounts of land in the area, was said to have developed it greatly.
In 1665 he was created a baronet by Charles II. At some point in his life he became a Member of Parliament, he was nicknamed the'Great Highwayman' for his development of roads infrastructure in and around Moira. Sir George Rawdon was succeeded in his title by his son Sir Arthur Rawdon. Sir Arthur became a General in the armies of King William III during the Jacobite War in Ireland, he was besieged in Derry, but managed to escape. After the war, with the Protestant Ascendancy of which he was a part yet again restored, Sir Arthur returned to Moira. Having inherited the brick manor house his father had purchased he decided to expand it and it became one of the largest residences in the whole island, to be called Moira Castle; the castle, which in fact was a mansion, was accompanied by vast gardens. These gardens became world-famous. In 1690 Sir Arthur utilised his friendship with fellow Downshire-born botanist Sir Hans Sloane, acquired from him the seeds of 400 exotic plants, instructions in how to grow them.
To fit his ends Sir Arthur constructed in Moira the first hothouse in Europe. The subsequent baronets maintained the gardens for generations. In 1723 Sir John Rawdon, 3rd Baronet helped fund the construction of the Anglican Moira Parish Church, dedicated to St. John. In 1750 Sir John Rawdon, 4th Baronet was raised to the peerage by King George II as the Baron Rawdon of Moira, he subsequently flirted with Methodism, invited John Wesley to speak at Moira Church. This caused a major religious rift in the town, and though Wesley did speak, he did so from the grounds of Moira Castle, not the church for which the Rawdons had paid. He was granted a higher title in 1762 by King George III, when he was made Earl of Moira. In addition to flirting with Methodism Lord Rawdon flirted with Irish self-government, opposing the efforts of William Pitt to forge closer links with Great Britain in the first decade of his Ministry, his death in 1793 was significant in Moira history, in that it marked the largest funeral in the history of Ireland, a testament to his extensive political connections.
Over four hundred carriages
Castle Hedingham is a village in northeast Essex, located four miles west of Halstead and 3 miles south-east of Great Yeldham in the Colne Valley on the ancient road from Colchester, Essex, to Cambridge. It developed around the ancestral seat of the de Veres, Earls of Oxford; the first earl, Aubrey de Vere III, finished the initial building of the keep and established a Benedictine nunnery, Castle Hedingham Priory, near the castle gates. Hugh de Vere, fourth earl of Oxford, purchased the right to hold a market in the town of the crown in the mid-13th century, he founded a hospital just outside the gates of the castle around 1250. The village's main attractions are the well preserved Norman Hedingham Castle, the Colne Valley Railway, Kirby Hall and its many timber-framed medieval buildings; the church of St. Nicholas is late Norman and Gothic, building having commenced around 1180; the fine double hammerbeam roof is attributed to Thomas Loveday, responsible for work on St John's College, Cambridge.
Its Romanesque wheel window and cemetery cross are remnants of the Norman church. The village was served by Sible and Castle Hedingham railway station, opened by Colne Valley & Halstead Railway Company in 1867; the station closed in 1964 and was dismantled and rebuilt in 1974 on a new site to the north west of the village by the Colne Valley Railway Preservation Society. Castle Hedingham Pottery was an art pottery studio run by Edward Bingham at Castle Hedingham from about 1864 until 1901. Edward Bingham, Victorian potter whose Castle Hedingham Ware has become sought after. Margery Blackie, doctor of medicine, appointed as the first woman royal physician to Queen Elizabeth II. Sir Fowell Buxton, 1st Baronet, founder of the RSPCA, Member of Parliament and social reformer, a leading abolitionist in the 19th century and took over William Wilberforce's leadership of the anti slavery movement in the House of Commons when the latter retired. Mark Catesby, naturalist. Aubrey de Vere I, holder of the entire manor of Hedingham in the Domesday Book of 1086.
Aubrey de Vere III, 1st Earl of Oxford, completed. Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford, one of the 25 barons of Magna Carta. Robert de Vere, 9th Earl of Oxford. John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, commander of Henry Tudor's army at the Battle of Bosworth Field. Major-General Daniel Hoghton, British Army officer who served during the Napoleonic Wars with distinction. Jack Lindsay, Australian writer. James Majendie, Conservative Party politician. Lewis Majendie, Conservative Party politician. Musette Majendie, owner of Hedingham Castle. Eric Ravilious, book illustrator and wood engraver. SEAX Archaeology - Unlocking Essex's Past. An in-depth essay about Castle Hedingham. Hedingham School A brief history of the village
HMS Hedingham Castle (K529)
HMS Hedingham Castle was a Castle-class corvette of the Royal Navy named after Hedingham Castle in Essex. She was to have been called Gorey Castle, she was launched at John Crown & Sons Ltd in Sunderland on 30 October 1944. In World War II she served as a convoy escort. In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II and was broken up at Granton in April 1958. Another Castle-class corvette was to have been called Hedingham Castle but she was reallocated to the Royal Canadian Navy before launching and renamed HMCS Orangeville, she plays in the movie Crest Of The Wave. Colledge, J. J.. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475
Hedingham Omnibuses is a bus company in Essex. It is a subsidiary of the Go-Ahead Group. In 1921 Aubrey Letch shortly after serving in World War I, with his parents' help, trading under his own name commenced operating a coach hire company expanding to run bus services to Braintree and Sudbury on their market days of Wednesday and Thursday respectively. In March 1935 Letch purchased the competing business of PW Finch of Castle Hedingham; this allowed Letch to take over the Monday to Saturday workers' service to Braintree. In the late 1950s, he further expanded the business with routes to Gestingthorpe and Halstead. In early 1960, Letch retired due to ill health and sold the company to Donald MacGregor, renamed Hedingham & District Omnibuses. Since the company has grown by acquiring other companies, including: Blackwells of Earls Colne C & R Coach of Little Tey Freemans Coaches GW Osborne of Tollesbury Jennings of Ashen Kemps Coaches of Clacton-on-Sea CJ Partridge and Sons of Hadleigh, Suffolk Wents of Boxford In March 2012 the company was sold to the Go-Ahead Group.
Three depots are located in: Clacton Sible Hedingham KelvedonHedingham Omnibuses used to have a depot in Tollesbury however it closed in 2016 due to cuts. Hedingham Omnibuses' livery is cream with red relief, until the 1970s being cream; the livery varies between single deckers/ coaches and double deck buses, with red being the main colours on double deckers with cream relief. Recent arrivals from Brighton & Hove retained their former livery with Hedingham fleetnames. Two former Hedingham Omnibuses masqueraded as London Buses in the 2009 Doctor Who Easter special, Planet of the Dead; the original livery can be seen in the accompanying behind-the-scenes special Doctor Who Confidential: Desert Storm. List of bus operators of the United Kingdom Official Hedingham Omnibuses website