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Heiðrún or Heidrun is a goat in Norse mythology, which consumes the foliage of the tree Læraðr and produces mead for the einherjar. She is described in the Poetic Prose Edda. In the Poetic Edda Heiðrún is mentioned twice, she is described in the Grímnismál in a way similar to Snorri's description. Since Snorri quotes other strophes of Grímnismál it seems reasonable to assume that he knew this strophe too and used it as his source for his description of Heiðrún. In the Hyndluljóð the giantess Hyndla used the term "Heiðrún" to insult the goddess Freyja. Thorpe and some other translators translated the name straight to "she-goat"; the etymology of Heiðrún remains debatable. Anatoly Liberman suggests that Heiðþyrnir, the name of the lowest heaven in Scandinavian mythology, was cut into two, on the basis of those halves the names the heavenly goat Heiðrún and of the heavenly stag Eikþyrnir were formed; the etymology of the Modern German name Heidrun is debatable. Heiðrún's name is sometimes anglicized Heidrun, Heithrun, Heidrún, Heithrún or Heidhrún.

Auðumbla, a primeval cow in Norse mythology whose udders produce four rivers of milk, from which Ymir fed List of people named Heidrun Bellows, Henry Adams. Translation of the Poetic Edda. Eysteinn Björnsson. Snorra-Edda: Formáli & Gylfaginning: Textar fjögurra meginhandrita. Hollander, Lee M.. The Poetic Edda. Austin: University of Texas. ISBN 0-292-76499-5. Jón Helgason.. Eddadigte. Copenhagen: Munksgaard. Liberman, Anatoly. In Prayer and Laughter. Essays on Medieval Scandinavian and Germanic Mythology and Culture. Paleograph Press. ISBN 9785895260272. Young, Jean I.. Snorri Sturluson: the Prose Edda. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-01231-3


Naenae is a suburb of the city of Lower Hutt, New Zealand. It lies on the eastern edge of the floodplain of the Hutt River, four kilometres from the Lower Hutt Central business district. A small tributary of the Hutt, the Waiwhetu Stream, flows through the suburb. Naenae has a population of around 8,000 people. Naenae's shopping centre contains an Olympic-size swimming-pool, built when New Zealand hosted an international diving championships; the pool has three diving boards. Open-air, the complex gained a roof due to overwhelming public support, making it accessible all year round. A hydroslide adjacent to the main pool attracts more people; the toddlers' paddling pool remained open-air for a few years more. The pool closed in April 2019 due to earthquake concerns. Naenae or nae-nae is a translation from the Māori, meaning "mosquito" or "sandfly", recalling a time prior to the draining of the area, when the mosquito population predominated. Naenae occupies a basin and the lower slopes of the Eastern Hutt Hills in the upper reaches of the Waiwhetu Stream catchment area.

As Lower Hutt expanded after the end of World War II in 1945, the Labour Party government under Peter Fraser selected Naenae as an ideal site to become a "designer community", a model suburb of sorts, where a suburban state-housing estate would complement a substantial shopping centre. This community centre would serve as a social hub for the greater area; the planners hoped to encourage nuclear-family life in such a scheme. Due to the increasing urbanisation of New Zealand, demand for housing outstripped the need for such centres, leaving the scheme only realised. Ernst Plischke, an Austrian architect, designed plans for the new community centre between 1942 and 1943. However, government architect Gordon Wilson drastically changed the design. Naenae Railway Station, on the Hutt Valley section of the Wairarapa Line, adjoins Naenae's shopping centre. Naenae's post-modern Post Office building pays homage to the Art Deco era Main Post Office in Lower Hutt town centre. A re-zoning of Naenae made it industrial in the 1960s, but it remained principally a residential area.

At its peak, Naenae boasted two manufacturers with strong Dutch connections: Philips, which produced televisions and radios, see pictures here. This industry closed down during the 1980s: Resene Paints occupied the buildings as of 2007. Rembrandt Suits Ltd, formed following the Second World War by Dutch tailors, it now exports to Australia, has major contracts throughout the world. Naenae has four schools. Naenae School is a state contributing primary school serving the southern half of the suburb, it has 249 students as of March 2019. Rata Street School is a state contributing primary school serving the northern half of the suburb, it has 348 students as of March 2019. St Bernadette's School is intermediate school, it has 113 students as of March 2019. Wa Ora Montessori School is a state-integrated Montessori composite school, it has 255 students as of March 2019. State intermediate students and secondary students are served by Naenae Intermediate School and Naenae College which despite their names are located in the adjacent suburb of Avalon.

New Housing Estate, Naenae 1944

Deuce Bigalow: European Gigolo

Deuce Bigalow: European Gigolo is a 2005 American sex comedy film and a sequel to the 1999 film Deuce Bigalow: Male Gigolo, from Happy Madison Productions. Rob Schneider returns in the role of male prostitute Deuce Bigalow who visits his former pimp T. J. in Amsterdam, finds himself looking for a murderer, killing the greatest "man-whores" of Europe. Unlike Male Gigolo, distributed by Disney's Touchstone Pictures brand, European Gigolo was released by Sony Pictures Releasing through to Columbia Pictures; the film was panned by critics and was nominated for Worst Picture at the 26th Golden Raspberry Awards, while Schneider won Worst Actor. It grossed $45 million on a $22 million budget Gigolos in Europe are being terrorized by a serial killer. In Malibu, Deuce Bigalow's wife Kate has died from a shark attack, Deuce is invited by his former pimp T. J. Hicks to Amsterdam. Deuce goes to take his mind off of Kate. After T. J. shows Deuce his boat, or "float crib," the pair go to a coffee shop where they get high and bump into Heinz Hummer, a German gigolo.

After leaving the coffee shop, Deuce finds Hummer dead in an alley, but thinks he is stoned and takes the dead gigolo to T. J.'s float crib. J. gets back, he realizes that Hummer is dead. T. J. plans to dump the body, but skeptical of Hummer's reputation of being well-endowed, unzips his pants and examines his genitalia and is caught by a tour boat. Upon his release from the police station, Deuce finds T. J. at a restaurant and recalls. Deuce says it was a woman, so they both figure it was a she-john, a former client of the murdered gigolo. T. J. convinces Deuce to find the killer by becoming a gigolo again, visiting the former clients and "rooting" out the killer. They attend a meeting of the Royal Order of European Man Whores, but fail to procure a list of the clients. Deuce and T. J. visit the first client on the list. While Deuce distracts the woman, T. J. breaks into her residence and finds a brand of lipstick which might be the kind found on all the victims. After leaving, Deuce shows him the lipstick.

Gaspar throws the lipstick in the trash, mentioning that the lipstick found on the victims "is a rare one: Lavender Love #66". As Gaspar enters the police station, his niece, approaches him and gives him his lunch. Eva slaps herself three times. Deuce helps her pick up the things she dropped, Eva explains to Deuce that she has obsessive-compulsive disorder. Deuce sees that she has a painting of a fish, so they go to the Amsterdam aquarium together. Deuce continues to investigate different women from Antoine's book. Deuce rides with Gaspar to the Man-Whore Awards Ceremony under the guise of protecting the man-whores. Gaspar tells him that he was once a man-whore hopeful. While Gaspar was observing a demonstration on how to perform a certain sex act, one of his classmates offered to let him use his penis-enlargement pump; when the demonstration ended, Gaspar was horrified. Gaspar was so angry and shocked that he continued to pump until his penis exploded, causing the other men to laugh at him, he blames man-whores for the loss of his fiancée and his penis, plans to kill them all at their awards ceremony.

At the ceremony, Deuce evacuates the building and gets into a sword fight with Gaspar, during which he mentions the other romantic ways of pleasing a woman. Gaspar beats Deuce, but before he can detonate the bomb, a woman with a penis for a nose and the woman with the tracheotomy distract Gaspar. Deuce knocks out Gaspar with a trophy taking the bomb detonator. For his bravery, Deuce is given the Golden Boner award, he shares a passionate kiss with Eva, accidentally sets off the bomb when the statue's penis bumps the detonator button. Deuce and Eva leave the scene; the following day and Eva come to pick up T. J., released from jail, tells them that he is entering a brand new prostitution market: gay man-whoring. In an epilogue: T. J. becomes a rapper. Deuce and Eva got married with Eva being pregnant. Gaspar is gang raped in prison, Kate's prosthetic leg is turned into a bong by a woman without a leg; the film includes cameos by comedic actor Adam Sandler and actress Elisabetta Canalis. Wes Takahashi, former animator and visual effects supervisor for Industrial Light & Magic, makes a cameo appearance as a news reporter.

Eddie Griffin verified in an interview that "a old stuffed cat" was used during the cat scene. Disney rejected the sequel as inappropriate because they wanted the film rated PG-13; the orphan sequel found a new home at Sony. Disney retains 5% of the box office gross. To promote the film Sony held a "Man-Whore of the Year" contest with Maxim magazine in Las Vegas; the film grossed $9,626,287 on its opening weekend, ranking at #5 behind Four Brothers, The Skeleton Key, The Dukes of Hazzard, Wedding Crashers. The film's opening weekend was lower than the first film's $12 million on its opening weekend; the movie closed its run with a gross of $22,400,154 in North America and $22,709,407 internationally for a total of $45,109,561. This was lower than the first film's final gross of $65,538,755 in North America and a worldwide total of $92,938,755. On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 9% based on reviews from 100 critics, with an average rating of 2.82 out of 10. The site's consensus states: "A witless follow-up to the surprise 1999 hit, Deuce Bigalow: European Gigolo is raunchy, politically incorrect, not funny."

On Metacritic the film has a score of 23% based on reviews from 25 critics, indi

1969 Louth by-election

The Louth by-election, 1969 was a by-election held on 4 December 1969 for the British House of Commons constituency of Louth in Lincolnshire. The seat had become vacant on the death on 31 August of the Conservative Member of Parliament Sir Cyril Osborne, he had held the seat since the 1945 general election. The result was a victory for the Conservative candidate Jeffrey Archer. Archer held the seat until the October 1974 general election, when he stepped down due to financial difficulties and began writing popular novels. Louth constituency 1920 Louth by-election 1921 Louth by-election List of United Kingdom by-elections


In mythology, in the study of folklore and religion, a trickster is a character in a story, which exhibits a great degree of intellect or secret knowledge, uses it to play tricks or otherwise disobey normal rules and conventional behaviour. Tricksters are archetypal characters. Lewis Hyde describes the trickster as a "boundary-crosser"; the trickster crosses and breaks both physical and societal rules. Tricksters "...violate principles of social and natural order, playfully disrupting normal life and re-establishing it on a new basis."Often, the bending/breaking of rules takes the form of tricks or thievery. Tricksters can be foolish or both; the trickster questions and mocks authority. They are male characters, are fond of breaking rules and playing tricks on both humans and gods. All cultures have tales of the trickster, a crafty creature who uses cunning to get food, steal precious possessions, or cause mischief. In some Greek myths Hermes plays the trickster, he is the patron of thieves and the inventor of lying, a gift he passed on to Autolycus, who in turn passed it on to Odysseus.

In Slavic folktales, the trickster and the culture hero are combined. The trickster figure exhibits gender and form variability. In Norse mythology the mischief-maker is Loki, a shape shifter. Loki exhibits gender variability, in one case becoming pregnant, he becomes a mare who gives birth to Odin's eight-legged horse Sleipnir. British scholar Evan Brown suggested that Jacob in the Bible has many of the characteristics of the trickster:The tricks Jacob plays on his twin brother Esau, his father Isaac and his father-in-law Laban are immoral by conventional standards, designed to cheat other people and gain material and social advantages he is not entitled to; the Biblical narrative takes Jacob's side and the reader is invited to laugh and admire Jacob's ingenuity–as is the case with the tricksters of other cultures". In a wide variety of African language communities, the rabbit, or hare, is the trickster. In West Africa, the spider is the trickster; the trickster or clown is an example of a Jungian archetype.

In modern literature the trickster survives as a character archetype, not supernatural or divine, sometimes no more than a stock character. Too, the trickster is distinct in a story by his acting as a sort of catalyst, in that his antics are the cause of other characters' discomfiture, but he himself is left untouched. A once-famous example of this was the character Froggy the Gremlin on the early children's television show "Andy's Gang". A cigar-puffing puppet, Froggy induced the adult humans around him to engage in ridiculous and self-destructive hi-jinks. In folklore, the trickster/clown is incarnated as a clever, mischievous man or creature, who tries to survive the dangers and challenges of the world using trickery and deceit as a defense, he is known for entertaining people as a clown does. For example, many typical fairy tales have the king who wants to find the best groom for his daughter by ordering several trials. No brave and valiant prince or knight manages to win them, until a simple peasant comes.

With the help of his wits and cleverness, instead of fighting, he evades or fools monsters and villains and dangers with unorthodox manners. Therefore, the most unlikely candidate receives the reward. More modern and obvious examples of that type include Pippi Longstocking. Modern African American literary criticism has turned the trickster figure into an example of how it is possible to overcome a system of oppression from within. For years, African American literature was discounted by the greater community of American literary criticism while its authors were still obligated to use the language and the rhetoric of the system that relegated African Americans and other minorities to the ostracized position of the cultural "other." The central question became one of how to overcome this system when the only words available were created and defined by the oppressors. As Audre Lorde explained, the problem was that "the master's tools never dismantle the master's house."In his writings of the late 1980s, Henry Louis Gates Jr. presents the concept of Signifyin'.

Wound up in this theory is the idea that the "master's house" can be "dismantled" using his "tools" if the tools are used in a new or unconventional way. To demonstrate this process, Gates cites the interactions found in African American narrative poetry between the trickster, the Signifying Monkey, his oppressor, the Lion. According to Gates, the "Signifying Monkey" is the "New World figuration" and "functional equivalent" of the Eshu trickster figure of African Yoruba mythology; the Lion functions as the authoritative figure in his classical role of "King of the Jungle." He is the one. Yet the Monkey is able to outwit the Lion continually in these narratives through his usage of figurative language. According to Gates, "he Signifying Monkey is able to signify upon the Lion because the Lion does not understand the Monkey's discourse…The monkey speaks figuratively, in a symbolic code. In this way, the Monkey uses the same language as the Lion, but he uses it on a level that the Lion cannot comprehend.

This leads to the Lion's "trounc" at the hands of a third party, the Elephant. The net effect of all of this is "the reversal of status as the King of the Jungle." In this way, the "

Hounslow F.C.

Hounslow F. C. was an English football club based in Greater London. A Hounslow F. C. existed in the early part of the twentieth century, spent the 1899–1900 in the London League. The modern club were named Hounslow Town and joined the Corinthian League in 1946, they were league champions in 1949–50 and 1951–52. They were champions again in 1954–55 and reached the first round of the FA Cup, where they lost 4–2 at home to Hastings United. At the end of the season they joined the Athenian League; the club finished as runners-up in their first season in the Athenian League and were champions in 1959–60. In 1961–62 the club reached the final of the FA Amateur Cup. After a 1–1 draw with Crook Town at Wembley, they lost the replay at Ayresome Pgark 4–0; the following season they were given direct entry to the first round of the FA Cup, holding Mansfield Town to a 3–3 draw at home, before losing 9–2 away. In 1966 the club was renamed Hounslow. In 1968–69 the club finished bottom of the Premier Division of the Athenian League and were relegated to Division One.

They went on to finish bottom of Division One in both 1970–71 and 1971–72, but remained in the league until 1977, when they joined Division One South of the Southern League. After finishing bottom of the Southern Division in 1983–84 the club was relegated to the Premier Division of the Hellenic League, they were runners-up in 1986 -- 87. However, they were returned to the Hellenic League. In 1991 the club lost its Denbigh Road ground to the council, they merged with Feltham to form Feltham & Hounslow Borough, with the new club playing in the Isthmian League. However, the merged club reverted to the name Feltham in 1995. Athenian League Champions 1959–60 Corinthian League Champions 1949–50, 1951–52, 1954–55 Middlesex Senior Cup Winners 1955–56, 1960–61 Middlesex Senior Charity Cup Winners 1952–53, 1955–56, 1959–60, 1961–62, 1965–66 1. Players that have played/managed in any foreign equivalent to this level. 2. Players with full international caps. 3. Players that hold a club record or have captained the club.

Fred Bullock Percy Gleeson Warren Gravette David Silman