Daniel Heinsius was one of the most famous scholars of the Dutch Renaissance. Heinsius was born in Ghent; the troubles of the Spanish war drove his parents to settle first at Veere in Zeeland to England, next at Rijwijk and lastly at Vlissingen. In 1596, being remarkable for his attainments, he was sent to the University of Franeker to study law under Henricus Schotanus. In 1598 he settled at Leiden for the nearly sixty remaining years of his life. There he studied under Joseph Scaliger, there he met Marnix de St Aldegonde, Janus Dousa, Paulus Merula, Hugo Grotius and others, his proficiency in the classical languages won the praise of all the best scholars of Europe, offers were made to him, but in vain, to accept honourable positions outside Holland. He soon rose in dignity at the University of Leiden. In 1602 he started lecturing, in 1603 he was appointed professor of poetics, in 1605 professor of Greek, at the death of Merula in 1607 he succeeded that illustrious scholar as the 4th librarian of Leiden University Library.
In 1612 he was appointed as'Professor Politices', the world's first chair in political science. As a classical scholar Heinsius edited many Latin and Greek classical as well as patristic authors, amongst others: Hesiod, Bion of Smyrna and Moschus, Aristotle's Ars poetica, Clement of Alexandria and Terentius, he brought out the Epistles of Joseph Scaliger in 1627. Influential was his treatise De tragica constitutione, it was a personal and accessible version of what Aristotle had written on tragedy in his Poetics. A revised edition appeared in 1643 with a different title: De constitutione tragoediae. In 1609 he printed a first edition of his Latin orations. More voluminous new editions appeared until the final edition of 1642 which comprised 35 orations; the collection ended with the ironical Laus pediculi, translated in English by James Guitard in 1634. Heinsius first drew attention to himself as a Latin poet with his Senecan tragedy Auriacus, sive libertas saucia. In 1607/08 he wrote another tragedy, Herodes infanticida, published only in 1632.
He was, however prolific in writing elegies, of which a large part was dedicated to his love for a girl called Rossa. A first collection appeared in 1603. Larger and revised collections of his Poemata containing other genres, saw the light regularly. By 1628 he had contributed a Latin poem praising the renowned fencer Gerard Thibault to the front of his book Academie de L'espee. In 1601 he published, under the pseudonym of Theocritus à Ganda, Quaeris quid sit Amor...?, the first emblem book in Dutch. It was re-edited in 1606/07 with the title Emblemata amatoria. A second emblem book, Spiegel vande doorluchtige vrouwen, was published in 1606. Heinsius experimented in Dutch poetry after classical models, his efforts were collected by his friend Petrus Scriverius and published as Nederduytsche poemata in 1616. They were admired by Martin Opitz, who, in translating the poetry of Heinsius, introduced the German public to the use of the rhyming alexandrine. In 1617 he married sister of Janus Rutgersius one of Scaliger's favorite pupils.
They had two children: Nicolas, to become a famous Latin poet and book collector, Elizabeth. At the Synod of Dort Heinsius was secretary on behalf of the States General. Afterwards he paid more attention to theology and worked on the text of the Greek New Testament for Elzeviers edition. In these years he wrote a large didactic poem, De contemptu mortis, which has a Christian-Stoical content, his wife died in 1633, Heinsius got into a conflict with Claudius Salmasius, appointed as his colleague in 1631. He became more lonely and embittered, he stopped lecturing in 1647. He died in The Hague, aged 74, was buried in Leiden, he collected some Greek manuscripts, e.g. codex 155. List of people from Ghent On Plot by Daniel Heinsius. Translated by Paul R. Sellin and John J. McManmon, With Introduction and Notes by Paul R. Sellin, California 1971 Becker-Cantarino, Daniel Heinsius, Boston 1978 Bornemann, Anlehnung und Abgrenzung. Untersuchungen zur Rezeption der niederländischen Literatur in der deutschen Dichtungsreform des siebzehnten Jahrhunderts, Assen 1976 Meter, J.
H. The literary theories of Daniel Heinsius. A study of the development and background of his views on literary theory and criticism during the period from 1602 to 1612, Assen 1984 Sellin, Paul R. Daniel Heinsius and Stuart Engeland, with a Short-Title Checklist of the Works of Daniel Heinsius, Leiden-London 1968 Jonge, Daniel Heinsius and the Textus Receptus of the New Testament. Jonge, The manuscripts Evangeliorum Antiquissimus of New Test. Stud. 21, pp. 286–294. Wels, Contempt for Commentators. Transformation of the Commentary Tradition in Daniel Heinsius’ "Constitutio tragoediae". In: Neo-Latin Commentaries and the Management of Knowledge in the Late Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period. Leuven 2013, p. 325-346
Johann Samuel Heinsius
Johann Samuel Heinsius was a German bookseller and publisher based in Leipzig, best known for the works he published in collaboration with Johann Heinrich Zedler. Heinsius founded his firm named Heinsius, in Leipzig in 1725. After Zedler, publisher of the Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon, had lost control of his firm to Johann Heinrich Wolf around 1735, he became interested in new projects and began to collaborate with Heinsius. In 1740, a number of Zedler's products appeared under the Heinsius name, starting with a relaunch of Zedler's Cabinet magazine, under a altered title, it is not known how successful the new magazine was, or why Heinsius included it in his publishing program since from 1739 he had a similar monthly magazine under the title of Genealogical and historical messages of the principal events of the European courts. In 1741, there followed the first volume of the General Treasure Chamber, a four-volume commercial lexicon translated by Carl Günther Ludovici from the Dictionnaire Universel de Commerce by Jacques Savary des Brûlons.
The partners' next publishing project was the Corpus Juris Cambialis of Johann Gottlieb Siegel. Heinsius advertised the two-volume publication in the newspapers in April 1742, seeking Praenumeration subscribers. Both volumes were ready in time for the Leipzig Michaelmas Fair that year. After the Treasury Board and the Corpus Juris Cambialis and Heinsius again began a major publishing project; the basis for Heinsius's Historical and Political-Geographic Atlas of the whole world was a translation of the Grand Dictionnaire Géographique Et Critique of Antoine-Augustin Bruzen de La Martinière. The German version ran to 13 volumes, published by Heinsius between 1744 and 1749; the Heinsius catalog issued in 1748 listed 14,000 titles. The subjects included science, philosophy and literature. Most of the books were 18th-century works in German or Latin, but there were many translations of English and Latin works. Heinsius died in December 1750, his company became known as "Johann Samuel Heinsius heirs".
His son, Johann Samuel Heinsius the Younger, continued with the firm and was followed by his grandson Johann Wilhelm Heinsius. Die Verlagsbuchhandlung von Johann Samuel Heinsius, in der die späteren Verlagsprodukte Zedlers erschienen
Anthonie Heinsius was a Dutch statesman who served as Grand Pensionary of Holland from 1689 to his death in 1720. Heinsius was born at Delft on 23 November son of a wealthy merchant and patrician. In 1679 he became pensionary for Delft in the States of Holland and in 1687 he became a member of the board of the Delft chamber of the Dutch East India Company. In 1682 he was appointed special negotiator to France by stadholder William III of Orange, his mission was to see if anything could be done about the occupation of the Principality of Orange by Louis XIV. The mission was a failure but he made a favourable impression on William III, he became Grand Pensionary of the States of Holland, thereby the most powerful man in the Estates-General of the Netherlands, on 27 May 1689, when William III became king of England and had to move to London. He was the confidant and correspondent of William, who left the guidance of Dutch affairs in his hands. Heinsius was a tough negotiator and one of the greatest and most obstinate opponents of the expansionist policies of France.
He was one of the driving forces behind the anti-France coalitions of the Nine Years' War and the War of the Spanish Succession. After the death of William III in 1702, Heinsius' hold on the States General diminished, but he remained Grand Pensionary of Holland until his own death in 1720. Media related to Anthonie Heinsius at Wikimedia Commons
Heinsius is an eroded lunar impact crater that lies in the southwestern part of the Moon. It is named after German astronomer Gottfried Heinsius, it is located to the northwest of the prominent crater Tycho, rays from that formation pass to the north and south of Heinsius as well as marking the rim and interior with material. To the south-southwest of Heinsius is the larger walled plain Wilhelm; the southern part of this crater has been damaged by subsequent impacts. Both Heinsius B and Heinsius C lie across the southern and southwestern rim, while Heinsius A is located in the southern interior floor. Together these three satellite craters form a triangular arrangement with the rims only separated by a few kilometers from each other. If Heinsius possessed a central peak, it is now covered by the outer rampart of Heinsius A; the northern half of the rim is in better shape, although still worn and rounded due to impact erosion. There is a wide shelf along the northeastern inner wall. A small craterlet lies on the northwestern rim.
The northern interior floor is level and featureless. By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint, closest to Heinsius
Gottfried Heinsius was a German mathematician and astronomer. He was born near Naumburg and was awarded a Ph. D. in 1733 from the University of Leipzig with a dissertation on De viribus motricibus. He became professor of mathematics at the same institution. Professor Heinsius may have been the first to publish an announcement about the return of Halley's comet in 1759. From 1736–43 he taught in St. Petersburg with Leonhard Euler and was a member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, he died in Leipzig. The crater Heinsius on the Moon is named after him
A given name is a part of a person's personal name. It identifies a person, differentiates that person from the other members of a group who have a common surname; the term given name refers to the fact that the name is bestowed upon a person to a child by their parents at or close to the time of birth. A Christian name, a first name, given at baptism, is now typically given by the parents at birth. In informal situations, given names are used in a familiar and friendly manner. In more formal situations, a person's surname is more used—unless a distinction needs to be made between people with the same surname; the idioms "on a first-name basis" and "being on first-name terms" refer to the familiarity inherent in addressing someone by their given name. By contrast, a surname, inherited, is shared with other members of one's immediate family. Regnal names and religious or monastic names are special given names bestowed upon someone receiving a crown or entering a religious order; such a person typically becomes known chiefly by that name.
The order given name – family name known as the Western order, is used throughout most European countries and in countries that have cultures predominantly influenced by European culture, including North and South America. The order family name – given name known as the Eastern order, is used in East Asia, as well as in Southern and North-Eastern parts of India, in Hungary; this order is common in Austria and Bavaria, in France, Belgium and Italy because of the influence of bureaucracy, which puts the family name before the given name. In China and Korea, part of the given name may be shared among all members of a given generation within a family and extended family or families, in order to differentiate those generations from other generations; the order given name – father's family name – mother's family name is used in Spanish-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. Today the order can be changed in Spain and Uruguay using given name – mother's family name – father's family name.
The order given name – mother's family name – father's family name is used in Portuguese-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. In many Western cultures, people have more than one given name. One of those, not the first in succession might be used as the name which that person goes by, such as in the cases of John Edgar Hoover and Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland. A child's given name or names are chosen by the parents soon after birth. If a name is not assigned at birth, one may be given at a naming ceremony, with family and friends in attendance. In most jurisdictions, a child's name at birth is a matter of public record, inscribed on a birth certificate, or its equivalent. In western cultures, people retain the same given name throughout their lives. However, in some cases these names may be changed by repute. People may change their names when immigrating from one country to another with different naming conventions. In certain jurisdictions, a government-appointed registrar of births may refuse to register a name that may cause a child harm, considered offensive or which are deemed impractical.
In France, the agency can refer the case to a local judge. Some jurisdictions, such as Sweden, restrict the spelling of names. Parents may choose a name because of its meaning; this may be a personal or familial meaning, such as giving a child the name of an admired person, or it may be an example of nominative determinism, in which the parents give the child a name that they believe will be lucky or favourable for the child. Given names most derive from the following categories: Aspirational personal traits. For example, the name Clement means "merciful". English examples include Faith and August. Occupations, for example George means "earth-worker", i.e. "farmer". Circumstances of birth, for example Thomas meaning "twin" or the Latin name Quintus, traditionally given to the fifth male child. Objects, for example Peter means "rock" and Edgar means "rich spear". Physical characteristics, for example Calvin means "bald". Variations on another name to change the sex of the name or to translate from another language.
Surnames, for example Winston and Ross. Such names can honour other branches of a family, where the surname would not otherwise be passed down. Places, for example Brittany and Lorraine. Time of birth, for example day of the week, as in Kofi Annan, whose given name means "born on Friday", or the holiday on which one was born, for example, the name Natalie meaning "born on Christmas day" in Latin. Tuesday, May, or June. Combination of the above, for example the Armenian name Sirvart means "love rose". In many cultures, given names are reused to commemorate ancestors or those who are admired, resulting in a limited repertoire of names that sometimes vary by orthography; the most familiar example of this, to Western readers, is the use of Biblical and saints' names in most of the Christian countries (with Ethiopia, in which names were ideals or abstractions