Sankt Peter, Baden-Württemberg
Sankt Peter is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. St. Peter is a climatic spa located within the Southern Black Forest Nature Park, on the southern flank of the Kandel, about 12 miles east of Freiburg im Breisgau. To the municipality of St. Peter belong the village of Bürgerschaft, the hamlet of Sägendobel, the settlements of Kandelberg, Oberibental, Ränke, Schmittenbach, Schönhöfe, Seelgut and Willmendobel and the farmsteads of Eckpeterhof and Lindlehof; the Abbey of St. Peter in the Black Forest was founded in 1093 by the Duke of Zähringen, Berthold II as his house abbey and family burial site; the municipality developed over time around the abbey. When the estates of the Church were seized and sold or transferred during Napoleon's conquest of Europe, the village of St. Peter was handed to the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1806 and, since 1952, they have been part of the state of Baden-Württemberg. In 1899, fire broke out in the village centre of St. Peter, whereupon 23 houses were destroyed and 150 people made homeless.
At the end of the Second World War there was a Reich training centre of the Hitler Youth in St. Peter. Source: Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg.
Ihringen is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany, just east of Breisach am Rhein and west of Freiburg im Breisgau at the southern end of the Kaiserstuhl. It is known for its wine. By some sources, it is the warmest place in Germany
Breisach is a town with 16,500 inhabitants, situated along the Rhine in the Rhine Valley, in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg, about halfway between Freiburg and Colmar — 20 kilometres away from each — and about 60 kilometres north of Basel near the Kaiserstuhl. A bridge leads over the Rhine to Alsace, its name means breakwater. The root Breis can be found in the French word briser meaning to break; the hill, on which Breisach came into existence was — at least when there was a flood — in the middle of the Rhine, until the Rhine was straightened by the engineer Johann Gottfried Tulla in the 19th century, thus breaking its surge. The seat of a Celtic prince was at the hill; the Romans maintained an auxiliary castle on Mons Brisiacus The Staufer founded Breisach as a city in today's sense. But there had been a settlement with a church at the time. An 11th-century coin from Breisach was found in the Sandur hoard. In the early 13th century, construction on the St Stephansmünster, the cathedral in Breisach, started.
In the early 16th century, Breisach was a significant stronghold of the Holy Roman Empire. On December 7, 1638, Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, subsidized by France, conquered the city, which Ferdinand II and General Hans Heinrich IX. von Reinach had defended well, tried to make the centre of a new territory. After Bernhard's death in 1639, his general gave the territory to France, which saw it as its own conquest. In the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, Breisach was de jure given to France. From 1670, Breisach was integrated into the French state in the course of the politics of Reunions. In the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697, Breisach was returned to the Holy Roman Empire, but reconquered on September 7, 1703 by Marshal Tallard at the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession. At the Treaty of Rastatt on March 7, 1714, Breisach became once again part of the Empire. Meanwhile, France founded Neuf-Brisach, on the left shore of the Rhine. In 1790, Breisach was part of Further Austria. In the revolutionary wars in 1793, Breisach sustained heavy damage and in 1805, was annexed to the de facto re-established state of Baden.
During World War II, 85% of Breisach was destroyed by Allied artillery as the Allies crossed the Rhine. The St. Stephansmünster was heavily damaged. In 1969, Breisach was considered as the construction site for a nuclear power plant, but Wyhl was chosen instead, where the construction project was abandoned in the face of heavy opposition; the nearby cities of Hochstetten, Gündlingen and Oberrimsingen along with Grezhausen, incorporated into Oberrimsingen in 1936, were all incorporated into Breisach. After the municipal elections on June 13, 2004, the seats in the municipal council were distributed as follows: Breisach was, until 1945, the frontier station on the Freiburg–Colmar international railway line. Since the railway bridge across the Rhine was destroyed during the Second World War, railway services have been restricted to the German side of the river; the Breisgau S-Bahn connects Breisach to Freiburg via Gottenheim over the remaining section of the Freiburg–Colmar line, whilst the Kaiserstuhlbahn connects Breisach to Riegel via Vogtsburg and Endingen.
The federal road B 31 leads to Lindau and the N 415 on the French side connects Breisach to Colmar. One of Europe's largest wine cellars called. Viticulture is important for the economy of both Breisach and the Kaiserstuhl; the museum for municipal history has an impressive collection dating from the Stone Age to the present. The Romanesque St. Stephansmünster, the cathedral in Breisach, has a late Gothic altar by an unknown craftsman and paintings by Martin Schongauer, the eponym of the Gymnasium in the city; the first documentation of Jews in town dates to 1301. During the Black Death in 1349, the community was annihilated after a false blood libel, accusing the town Jews of poisoning the town wells. After the pogrom, Jews got back to the town until 1424. In 1550, the community reopened with a cemetery. In 1750, a Jew owned a textile factory in town; the Synagogue, built in 1758, was destroyed on Kristallnacht. In 1825, 14% of the town population was Jewish, though in 1933 this number had declined to 231.
On October 22, 1940, the town's last 34 Jews who did not flee to nearby France or other places, were deported to Gurs internment camp, a transit camp in the South of France. In 1967, the town's sole Jewish survivor was a woman. A website, dedicated to the town's Jewish history, commemorates the names of Jewish victims during World War II who used to live in town, as personal stories of survivors and their children. A Jewish survivor who lived in town named Louis Dreyfuss, gave a report on his biography on some cases; the Jewish community of pre-war Breisach maintains a documentary website. Breisach is twinned with: Breisach is partnered with the following cities: Saint-Louis, since 1960 Pürgg-Trautenfels, since 1994 partnered with the borough of Niederrimsingen Neuf-Brisach, since 2000 Oswiecim, since 2009 Küstriner Vorland Ernst Adolf Birkenmayer and member of the German Reichstag Felix Brückmann, ice hockey goalkeeper Oliver Baumann, football goalkeeper Pascal Krauss, mixed martial art fighter Blaues Haus Official website (in Ge
Breitnau is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany, about 30 kilometres from the city of Freiburg im Breisgau. It is located within the High Black Forest; the municipality of Breitnau is spread out with many, farmsteads, some of the large, most of which have farmhouses with half-hipped roofs, typical of the Black Forest. The actual village centre has grown in recent years; the highest mountain is the Weißtannenhöhe, 1,190 metres high. North of the village rises the Roßberg and about 1 km to the northwest of the village on the same ridge is the Hohwart; the municipality of Breitnau incorporates the villages of Hinterdorf and Vorderdorf, the Zinken Beim Löwen, Bruckbach, Einsiedel, Freyel, Hirschsprung, Höllsteig, Jungholz-Föhrwald, Löffeltal, Oberhöllsteig, Ödenbach, Ravenna, Tiefen and Wirbstein, the farms of Haberstrohhof, Kuhnenbach, Schuhmächerlehof and Zimmeracker and the houses of Bäuerleshütte, Eckerhäusle, Hundsschachen, Jockelhäusle, Jörgenhäusle and Paulyhäusle.
Within the municipality lies the ruined Falkenstein Castle. Breitnau is first mentioned 1275 as Breittnowe but is older as the first church was built around 1200 and St. Oswald's Chapel was consecrated as early as 1148. At that time the land was owned by the lords of Falkenstein but was sold in 1408 to the Schnewlins of Landeck. In the early 16th century the territory went to the lords of Sickingen. In 1688 the Margrave Louis William of Baden had schanzen built which were intended to block any invasion by the French, but the defences were constructed in vain because the French attacked the village two years and razed the vicarage and several farms. In 1755, the poor route through the Höllental was improved in order to enable the bridal procession of Princess Marie Antoinette to travel as much as possible on Anterior Austrian soil on her way to Paris. In 1806, the lords of Sickingen sold Breitnau to the newly established Grand Duchy of Baden. There has been a church in the village since about 1200.
The present Roman Catholic parish church is dedicated to St. John the Baptist and dates to 1753; the nearest Protestant church is the Evangelical Church of St. James in Hinterzarten; the municipal council consists of ten members, who were re-elected on 25 May 2015 with 61.7% of the vote. List A received 42.4% and List B 57.6%. The council comprises 6 men; until 31 Aug 2009, the chairman was Wolfgang Schlachter. On 5 July 2009, Josef Haberstroh was elected as the new chairman and took office on 1 September 2009. Breitnau and its southern neighbour, form a joint administrative municipality and tourist community. However, each parish has its own primary school, the Carl Ludwig Magon School in Breitnau and the Georg Thoma School in Hinterzarten. Breitnau's economy is predominantly governed by the forestry pastoral farming. In addition, tourism plays a rather small role near the B 50 federal highway. In summer, Breitnau is suitable for walking. If the weather is clear, there are views to the Vosges beyond.
Although the terrain is a high plateau over much of the area. There are steep trails down through the Ravenna Gorge. In winter Breitnau is used for cross country skiing. Three small ski lifts are used for local downhill skiing. Breitnau has been a spa since 1970; the Black Forest High Road runs past Breitnau from north to south. Since 21 May 1887 the Höllental Railway, with its station in Hinterzarten has linked Breitnau to the national railway network; the former railway stations of Hirschsprung, Posthalde and Höllsteig, which all lie within the municipality of Breitnau, are no longer served. In addition, Breitnau is served by bus lines 7261 run by the Südbadenbus company; the Hirschsprung is a crag above a ravine-like narrows in the Höllental. Sights include the Ravenna Bridge at the lower end of the Ravenna Gorge, a railway viaduct on the Höllental Railway. Below the viaduct is the Hotel Hofgut Sternen. Goethe and Mendelssohn both stayed here. In 1770 Marie Antoinette stayed here at the Hofgut Sternen during her bridal journey to Paris.
There is a glassworks in a side building. In the vicinity stands the 800-year-old St. Oswald's Chapel with its Late Gothic altar. There is a path down the Ravenna Gorge, a steep, rocky side valley of the Hollental which leads to the Breitnau Plateau. Worth visiting is the old vicarage, near the village church, faithfully restored. Alois Faller, lawyer and member of parliament Lorenz Helmle, stained-glass artist Andreas Helmle, stained-glass artist Conrad Ruf, photographer Breitnau:History and images Federal Statistical Office - Number of inhabitants in the municipalities on 31 December 2016
Bötzingen is a municipality in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. This is a pleasant village situated near the'green' city of Freiburg. Well served such as sports grounds and venues. There is an good swimming pool. There are good road and rail links to the city and many residents of Botzingen commute and work in Freiburg. Many residents work in the nearby SMP factory. Bötzingen is known for its wide variety of local wines. There is a friendly supermarket and nearby a store dedicated to wine and other beverages. Behind the village are pleasant, rolling hills, farmed with a mix of vineyards and sweet corn. Worth a relaxing stroll
Stegen is a municipality in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It borders on the city of Freiburg, being about 8 km away as the crow flies, lying in the valley of the river Dreisam; the municipality includes three population centres: the town of Stegen and the villages of Eschbach and Wittental. Economically, Stegen is an offshoot of Freiburg, it plays a role in Black Forest tourism, with guest houses and other facilities catering to visitors. It is the first town that a hiker on the Freiburg-Lake Constance Black Forest Trail passes through when travelling eastwards on the path from Freiburg
Kirchzarten is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in the federal-state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany. A Zionist agricultural training farm was founded in Kirchzarten in 1919 to prepare young people to become farmers in Palestine; the Kirchzarten synagogue had a set of Jugendstil windows by artist Friedrich Adler, who made a duplicate set now in the Tel Aviv Museum of Art