The Government Inspector
The Government Inspector known as The Inspector General, is a satirical play by the Russian and Ukrainian dramatist and novelist Nikolai Gogol. Published in 1836, the play was revised for an 1842 edition. Based upon an anecdote recounted to Gogol by Pushkin, the play is a comedy of errors, satirizing human greed and the extensive political corruption of Imperial Russia. According to D. S. Mirsky, the play "is not only supreme in character and dialogue – it is one of the few Russian plays constructed with unerring art from beginning to end; the great originality of its plan consisted in the absence of all love interest and of sympathetic characters. The latter feature was resented by Gogol's enemies, as a satire the play gained immensely from it. There is not a wrong word or intonation from beginning to end, the comic tension is of a quality that Gogol did not always have at his beck and call."The dream-like scenes of the play mirroring each other, whirl in the endless vertigo of self-deception around the main character, who personifies irresponsibility, light-mindedness, absence of measure.
"He is full of meaningless movement and meaningless fermentation incarnate, on a foundation of placidly ambitious inferiority". The publication of the play led to a great outcry in the reactionary press, it took the personal intervention of Tsar Nicholas I to have the play staged, with Mikhail Shchepkin taking the role of the Mayor. Early in his career Gogol was best known for his short stories, which gained him the admiration of the Russian literary circle, including Alexander Pushkin. After establishing a reputation, Gogol began working on several plays, his first attempt to write a satirical play about imperial bureaucracy in 1832 was abandoned out of fear of censorship. In 1835, he sought inspiration for a new satirical play from Pushkin. Do me a favour. My hand is itching to write a comedy... Give me a subject and I'll knock off a comedy in five acts – I promise, funnier than hell. For God's sake, do it. My mind and stomach are both famished. Pushkin had a storied background and was once mistaken for a government inspector in 1833.
His notes alluded to an anecdote distinctly similar to what would become the basic story elements for The Government Inspector. Krispin arrives in the Province... to a fair – he is taken for.... The governor is an honest fool -- the governor's wife flirts with him --; the corrupt officials of a small Russian town, headed by the Mayor, react with terror to the news that an incognito inspector will soon be arriving in their town to investigate them. The flurry of activity to cover up their considerable misdeeds is interrupted by the report that a suspicious person has arrived two weeks from Saint Petersburg and is staying at the inn; that person, however, is not an inspector. Having learned that Khlestakov has been charging his considerable hotel bill to the Crown, the Mayor and his crooked cronies are certain that this upper-class twit is the dreaded inspector. For quite some time, Khlestakov does not realize that he has been mistaken for someone else. Meanwhile, he enjoys the officials' terrified deference and moves in as a guest in the Mayor's house.
He demands and receives massive "loans" from the Mayor and all of his associates. He flirts outrageously with the Mayor's wife and daughter. Sick and tired of the Mayor's ludicrous demands for bribes, the village's Jewish and Old Believer merchants arrive, begging Khlestakov to have him dismissed from his post. Stunned at the Mayor's rapacious corruption, Khlestakov states that he deserves to be exiled in chains to Siberia. However, he still requests more "loans" from the merchants, promising to comply with their request. Terrified that he is now undone, the Mayor pleads with Khlestakov not to have him arrested, only to learn that the latter has become engaged to his daughter. At which point Khlestakov announces that he is returning to St. Petersburg, having been persuaded by his valet Osip that it is too dangerous to continue the charade any longer. After Khlestakov and Osip depart on a coach driven by the village's fastest horses, the Mayor's friends all arrive to congratulate him. Certain that he now has the upper hand, he summons the merchants, boasting of his daughter's engagement and vowing to squeeze them for every kopeck they are worth.
However, the Postmaster arrives carrying an intercepted letter which reveals Khlestakov's true identity – and his mocking opinion of them all. The Mayor, after years of bamboozling banter Governors and shaking down criminals of every description, is enraged to have been thus humiliated, he screams at his cronies. At this moment, the famous fourth-wall breaking phrase is uttered by the Mayor to the audience: "What are you laughing about? You are laughing about yourselves!" While the cronies continue arguing, a message arrives from the real Government Inspector, demanding to see the Mayor immediately. In 1926, the expressionistic production of the comedy by Vsevolod Meyerhold "returned to this play its true surrealistic, dreamlike essence after a century of simplistically reducing it to mere photographic realism". Erast Garin interpreted Khlestakov as "an infernal, mysterious personage capable of changing his appearance". Leonid Grossman recalls that Garin's Khlestakov was "a character from Hoffmann's tale, clad in black with a stiff mannered gait, strange spectacles, a sinister old-fashioned tall hat, a rug
If You Could See What I Hear
If You Could See What I Hear is a 1982 Canadian biographical drama film about blind musician Tom Sullivan, starring Marc Singer and Shari Belafonte, directed by Eric Till. Tagline: The true story of a born winner! Tom Sullivan is a blind college student; when not in class, Tom hangs out with his friend, Will Sly, who does not treat him like a blind person. In fact, he goes out of his way to challenge Tom. Tom likes to go jogging. Will leads him past obstacles such as park benches, shouting out "Bench!" at the last moment so Tom has to jump over it. On campus, Tom meets a black woman named Heather Johnson, but she breaks off the relationship because "the black and white thing," coupled with Tom's blindness, is too complicated for her. Crushed by Heather's abandonment and experiencing loneliness, Tom continues to struggle with himself, still denying that his blindness affects his "normalcy", he meets his future wife, Patti Steffen, his life changes irreversibly. The movie is most famous for the scene where while Tom is on the phone with someone, his stepdaughter, falls in their indoor pool and nearly drowns, he, upon realizing she is missing, manages to find her at the bottom of the pool and save her life.
The scene I recall most is when Tom is driving the car with his friends giving directions to turn right or left, speed up or slow down. Not smooth driving alerts there police that it may be a DUI, but when pulled over and the cop questions why he is driving if blind, the friends indicate he is the only one who isn't inebriated. Another "blind" moment is when Will convinces Tom that there is a left sock and right sock and he's been wearing them wrong all this time. Marc Singer... Tom Sullivan R. H. Thomson... Will Sly Shari Belafonte... Heather Johnson Harvey Atkin... Bert Helen Burns... Mrs. Ruxton Douglas Campbell... Porky Sullivan David Gardner... Jack Steffen Nonnie Griffin... Mrs. Steffen Sharon Lewis... Helga Adrienne Pocock... Blythe Steffen Sarah Torgov... Patti Steffen Greer Forward... Stunt Double for Blythe Steffen The film was critically panned. Roger Ebert pointed out that the film was intended to be "inspirational and uplifting" and stated that Sullivan "comes across in this movie like a refugee from Animal House.
His idea of overcoming his handicap is to party all night." He and Gene Siskel selected the film as one of the worst of the year in a 1982 episode of Sneak Previews. If You Could See What I Hear on IMDb If You Could See What I Hear at AllMovie If You Could See What I Hear at Rotten Tomatoes
Dame Eileen June Atkins, is an English actress and occasional screenwriter. She has worked in the theatre and television since 1953. In 2008, she won the BAFTA TV Award for Best Actress and the Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or Movie for Cranford, she is a three-time Olivier Award winner, winning Best Supporting Performance in 1988 and Best Actress for The Unexpected Man and Honour. She was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1990 and Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2001. Atkins joined the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1957 and made her Broadway debut in the 1966 production of The Killing of Sister George, for which she received the first of four Tony Award nominations for Best Actress in a Play in 1967, she received subsequent nominations for, Vivat! Vivat Regina!, Indiscretions and The Retreat from Moscow. Other stage credits include The Tempest, Exit the King, The Promise, The Night of the Tribades, Medea, A Delicate Balance and Doubt.
Atkins co-created the television dramas Upstairs and The House of Elliot with Jean Marsh. She wrote the screenplay for the 1997 film Mrs Dalloway, her film appearances include Equus, The Dresser, Let Him Have It, Wolf and Sarah, Gosford Park, Last Chance Harvey, Robin Hood and Magic in the Moonlight. Atkins was born in the Mothers' Hospital in Clapton, a Salvation Army maternity hospital in East London, her mother, Annie Ellen, was a barmaid, 46 when Eileen was born, her father, Arthur Thomas Atkins, was a gas meter reader, under-chauffeur to the Portuguese Ambassador. She was the third child in the family and when she was born the family moved to a council home in Tottenham, her father did not, in fact, know how to drive and was responsible, as under-chauffeur for cleaning the car. At the time Eileen was born, her mother worked in a factory the whole day and as a barmaid in the Elephant & Castle at night; when Eileen was three, a Gypsy woman came to their door selling lucky heather and clothes pegs.
She told her mother that her daughter would be a famous dancer. Her mother promptly enrolled her in a dance class. Although she hated it, she studied dancing from age 3 to 15 or 16. From age 7 to 15, which covered the last four years of the Second World War, she danced in working men's club circuits for 15 shillings a time as "Baby Eileen". During the war, she performed as well at London's Stage Door canteen for American troops and sang songs like "Yankee Doodle." At one time she was attending dance class five times a week. By 12, she was a professional in panto in Kilburn. Once, when she was given a line to recite, someone told her mother, her mother was appalled but speech lessons were too expensive for the family. A woman took interest in her and paid for her to be educated at Parkside Preparatory School in Tottenham. Eileen Atkins has since publicly credited the Principal, Miss D. M. Hall, for the wise and firm guidance under which her character developed. From Parkside she went on to The Latymer School, a grammar school in London.
One of her grammar school teachers who used to give them religious instruction, a Rev. Michael Burton, spotted her potential and, without charge, rigorously drilled away her Cockney accent, he introduced her to the works of William Shakespeare. She studied under him for two years; when she was 14 or 15 and still at Latymer's, she attended "drama demonstration" sessions twice a year with this same teacher. At around this time, her first encounter with Robert Atkins took place, she was taken to see Atkins' production of King John at the Regent's Park Open Air Theatre. She wrote to him saying that the boy who played Prince Arthur was not good enough and that she could do better. Robert Atkins asked that she come to see him. On the day they met, Atkins thought, she gave a little prince speech and he told her to go to drama school and come back when she was grown up. Rev. Burton came to an agreement with Eileen's parents that he would try to get her a scholarship for one drama school and that if she did not get the scholarship he would arrange for her to do a teaching course in some other drama school.
Her parents were not at all keen on the fact that she would stay in school until 16 as her sister had left at 14 and her brother at 15 but somehow they were convinced. Eileen was in Latymer's until 16. Out of 300 applicants for a RADA scholarship, she got down to the last three but was not selected, so she did a three-year course on teaching at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama. But, although she was taking the teaching course, she attended drama classes and in fact performed in three plays in her last year; this was in the early 1950s. In her third and last year she had to teach once a week, an experience she said she hated, she graduated from Guildhall in 1953. As soon as she left Guildhall she got her first job with Robert Atkins in 1953: as Jaquenetta in Love's Labour's Lost at the same Regent's Park Open Air Theatre where she was brought to see Robert Atkins' King John production years before, she was very an assistant stage manager at the Oxford Playhouse until Peter Hall fired her for impudence.
She was part of repertory companies performing in Billy Butlin's holiday camp in Skegnes
Sir Patrick Stewart is an English actor whose work has included roles on stage and film in a career spanning six decades. He has been nominated for Olivier, Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild, Saturn Awards throughout his career. Beginning his career with a long run with the Royal Shakespeare Company, Stewart received the 1979 Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role for his performance in Antony and Cleopatra in the West End. Stewart's first major screen roles were in BBC-broadcast television productions during the mid-late 1970s, including Hedda, the I, Claudius miniseries. From the 1980s onward, Stewart began working in American television and film, with prominent leading roles such as Captain Jean-Luc Picard in Star Trek: The Next Generation and its successor films, as Professor Charles Xavier in the X-Men series of superhero films, the lead of the Starz TV series Blunt Talk, voice roles such as CIA Deputy Director Avery Bullock in American Dad! and the narrator in Ted.
Having remained with the Royal Shakespeare Company, in 2008 Stewart played King Claudius in Hamlet in the West End and won a second Olivier Award. In 1993, TV Guide named Stewart the Best Dramatic Television Actor of the 1980s, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on 16 December 1996. In 2010, Stewart was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for services to drama. Patrick Stewart was born on 13 July 1940 in Mirfield, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, to Gladys, a weaver and textile worker, Alfred Stewart, a regimental sergeant major in the British Army, he has two older brothers and Trevor. His parents did not give him a middle name, but he used the middle name "Hewes" professionally for a while in the 1980s. Stewart grew up in a poor household with domestic violence from his father, an experience which influenced his political and ideological beliefs, he spent much of his childhood in Jarrow. Stewart's father served with the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry and was regimental sergeant major of the 2nd Battalion, Parachute Regiment during the Second World War, having worked as a general labourer and as a postman.
As a result of his wartime experience during the Dunkirk evacuation, his father suffered from what was known as combat fatigue. In a 2008 interview, Stewart said, "My father was a potent individual, a powerful man, who got what he wanted, it was said. It was many years before I realised how my father inserted himself into my work. I've grown a moustache for Macbeth. My father didn't have one, but when I looked in the mirror just before I went on stage I saw my father's face staring straight back at me."Stewart attended Crowlees Church of England Junior and Infants School. He attributes his acting career to his English teacher, Cecil Dormand, who "put a copy of Shakespeare in my hand said,'Now get up on your feet and perform." In 1951, aged 11, having failed the eleven-plus examination, he entered Mirfield Secondary Modern School, where he continued to study drama. Around the same time he met the actor Brian Blessed at a Mytholmroyd drama course, the two have been friends since. At the age of 15, Stewart increased his participation in local theatre.
He gained a job as a newspaper reporter and obituary writer at the Mirfield & District Reporter, but after a year his employer gave him an ultimatum to choose acting or journalism, he left the job. His brother tells the story that Stewart had been attending rehearsals during work time and inventing the stories he reported. Stewart trained as a boxer. Stewart reported. Both Stewart and his friend Blessed received grants to attend the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School. Following a period with Manchester's Library Theatre, he became a member of the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1966, remaining with them until 1982, he was an associate artist of the company in 1968. He appeared with actors such as Ian Richardson. In January 1967, he made his debut TV appearance on Coronation Street as a fire officer. In 1969, he had a brief TV cameo role as Horatio, opposite Ian Richardson's Hamlet, in a performance of the gravedigger scene as part of episode six of Sir Kenneth Clark's Civilisation television series, he made his Broadway debut as Snout in Peter Brook's legendary production of A Midsummer Night's Dream moved to the Royal National Theatre in the early 1980s.
Over the years, Stewart took roles in many major television series without becoming a household name. He appeared as Vladimir Lenin in Fall of Eagles, he took the romantic male lead in the 1975 BBC adaptation of Elizabeth Gaskell's North and South. He took the lead, playing psychiatric consultant Dr Edward Roebuck in BBC's Maybury in 1981. Stewart continued to play minor roles in films, such as King Leondegrance in John Boorman's Excalibur, the character Gurney Halleck in David Lynch's film version of Dune and Dr. Armstrong in Tobe Hooper's Lifeforce. Stewart preferred classical theatre to other genres, asking Doctor Who actress Lalla Ward why she would work in science fiction or on television. In 1987, he nonetheless agreed to work in Hollywood on a revival of an old science-fiction television show, after Robert H. Justman saw him while attending a literary reading at UCLA. Stewart knew nothing about the original show, Star Trek, or its iconic status in Amer
The Changeling (film)
The Changeling is a 1980 Canadian psychological horror film directed by Peter Medak and starring George C. Scott and Trish Van Devere, its plot follows an esteemed New York City composer who relocates to Seattle, where he moves into a mansion he comes to believe is haunted. The screenplay is based upon events that writer Russell Hunter claimed he experienced while he was living in the Henry Treat Rogers mansion in the Cheesman Park neighborhood of Denver, Colorado in the late 1960s. John Russell, a composer from New York City, moves to Seattle, Washington following the deaths of his wife and daughter in a traffic accident while on a winter vacation upstate. John rents a large and eerie Victorian-era mansion from an agent of the local historic society, Claire Norman, who tells him that the property had been vacant for 12 years. Not long after moving in, John begins to experience unexplained phenomena, starting with a loud banging which resounds through the house every morning. One night John finds the water taps sees the apparition of a drowned boy in a bathtub.
Days he discovers a hidden attic bedroom behind a concealed door, which contains a child's wheelchair. Claire helps John to investigate the history of the house and its previous tenants believing that the ghost is that of a young girl killed outside the house in a traffic accident in 1909. John holds a seance at the house and overhears the voice of the spirit caught on audio recording equipment, calling himself Joseph Carmichael. After further investigation, John discovers that Joseph was a crippled, sickly six-year-old, murdered by his father Richard because he was unlikely to have reached the age of 21, upon which he would have inherited an enormous fortune from his late maternal grandfather. To ensure the inheritance, Richard replaced the dead boy with one procured from a local orphanage and spirited him away to Europe under the pretense of seeking treatment for his condition. After years away he returned with the boy; the boy is now an old man, a prominent U. S. Senator and business tycoon, a major patron of the historical society which owns the house.
John's investigation leads him to a property, once owned by the Carmichael family, where he believes the body of the real Joseph Carmichael was dumped in a well. The owner of the house built on the site, Mrs. Gray, at first refuses to allow John to excavate but gives her permission after Joseph's ghost visits her young daughter at night and terrifies her. John finds the skeleton of a young child, together with his christening medal, which he conceals from police. John attempts to speak to Senator Carmichael as he is about to depart by plane but is restrained by police; the Senator is disturbed to see the medal. The society fires Claire. Carmichael sends a detective, Captain DeWitt, to John's home in an attempt to intimidate John and retrieve the medal. John refuses, when DeWitt leaves to obtain a search warrant, his vehicle mysteriously crashes, killing him. After hearing of DeWitt's death, the Senator agrees to meet with John, who tells him the entire story; the Senator angrily berates John for accusing his father of murder.
John leaves the real Joseph's medal and the only copy of the seance recording and apologizes. The Senator threatens John. Meanwhile, Claire goes to the house alone in an attempt to find John and is chased by Joseph's wheelchair until she falls down the stairs. John arrives and the house begins to shake violently, he escorts Claire outside, goes back in to try and appease the ghost of Joseph. A strong wind causes John to fall from the second story. Joseph lights the house on fire; the Senator compares the two medals, realizing the truth, before he falls into a trance while staring at the portrait of his father. John witnesses the Senator's astral body climbing the burning stairs to Joseph's room. Claire comes in and rescues John, while the Senator witnesses the murder of the real Joseph and suffers a fatal heart attack. John and Claire arrive to see the Senator's body being loaded into the ambulance; the next morning, Joseph's burnt wheelchair sits upright amid the ruins of the mansion. His music box begins playing a lullaby.
The film's screenplay was inspired by mysterious events that took place at the Henry Treat Rogers mansion in Cheesman Park, Colorado, while playwright Russell Hunter was living there during the 1960s. After experiencing a series of unexplained phenomena, Hunter said he found a century-old journal in a hidden room detailing the life of a disabled boy, kept in isolation by his parents. During a séance, he claimed, the spirit of a deceased boy directed him to another house, where he discovered human remains and a gold medallion bearing the dead boy’s name. Henry Treat Rogers, a wealthy Denver attorney, was childless; the mansion was replaced with a high-rise apartment building. While The Changeling is set in Seattle, most of its scenes were filmed in the Canadian cities of Vancouver and Victoria, their environs. Exceptions include introductory location shooting in New York City and establishing shots of Seattle points of interest, including SeaTac Airport, University of Washington's Red Square, the Space Needle, the Rainier Tower, the Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge.
Interior college scenes were shot at the University of T
Dr. Finlay's Casebook
Dr. Finlay's Casebook is a television drama series, produced and broadcast by the BBC from 1962 until 1971. Based on A. J. Cronin's novella entitled Country Doctor, the storylines centred on a general medical practice in the fictional Scottish town of Tannochbrae during the late 1920s. Cronin was the primary writer for the show between 1962 and 1964; the main characters were Dr. Finlay, the junior partner in the practice, played by Bill Simpson, Dr. Cameron, the craggy senior partner, played by Andrew Cruickshank and Janet, their unflappable housekeeper and receptionist at Arden House, played by Barbara Mullen. Other recurrent characters included Dr. Snoddie, Finlay's crusty detractor and Janet's admirer, played by Eric Woodburn and gossipy Mistress Niven, played by Effie Morrison. Bill Simpson as Dr. Alan Finlay Andrew Cruickshank as Dr. Angus Cameron Barbara Mullen as Janet MacPherson Eric Woodburn as Dr. Alexander Snoddie Effie Morrison as Mistress Niven Neil Wilson as Sgt. Gilbey David Macmillan as Constable Dickie Molly Urquhart as Matron Robert James as Mr. Gibson Delia Paton as Sister Bryden Murdoch as Galbraith Marigold Sharman as Mrs. Rae James Copeland as'Hooky' Buchanan Helena Gloag as Mrs. Ballantyne Leonard Maguire as Lewis Gilbride Calum Mill as Andrew McGregor Although it is documented that location work for the original series was filmed in the town of Callander in Perthshire, the first six episodes were filmed in Tannoch Drive, where the fictional Arden House was situated on the right-hand side as one approaches Tannoch Loch.
It was the swans on that loch that formed part of the opening sequence of the programme. The preceding shot is of the Red Bridge over the River Teith. Other outdoor scenes were filmed in Kilbarchan, Church Street in particular has changed little since filming took place. In one of those first episodes, Dr. Finlay crashed his old Bullnose Morris into the wall of Arden House—and, not in the script. Another episode, filmed at night along Mugdock Road, found the local policeman, somewhat inebriated, on his bicycle in a scene with Dr. Snoddie; the interior scenes were shot in BBC studios in Glasgow. From 1970 until 1978, episodes from Dr. Finlay's Casebook were broadcast on BBC Radio 4 with some of the same actors from the television programme. Twenty episodes have been repeated annually since. In 2001 and 2002, BBC Radio 4 broadcast a version of the original Cronin stories using the titles, The Adventures of a Black Bag and Doctor Finlay – Further Adventures of a Black Bag; the adaptations are set in Levenford, the original setting chosen by Cronin, rather than Tannochbrae.
The role of Dr. Finlay was played by John Gordon Sinclair. Dr. Cameron was played by Brian Pettifer, Janet was played by Katy Murphy, by Celia Imrie. David Tennant was a frequent guest actor. In 1991 BBC Enterprises produced a double cassette copy of four of the radio broadcasts; the Four episodes are: Out Of The Blue The Comical Lad The Honours List Charlie is My Darling The television versions of all these episodes are recorded as missing as of 13 November 2016. The programme's famous theme tune was Trevor Duncan's march from A Little Suite; the other two movements from the Suite were used as background music. The characters from the series are featured in a song entitled Dr. Finlay by Andy Stewart, a minor Top 50 hit in 1965. Media TV released the first series of Dr Finlay's Casebook in March 2013, the second series was released in April 2014. Only 10 episodes survive of the second series; the surviving episodes of series 3 and 4 were issued in 2015 and the remaining episodes series 5, 6 & 7 were released in January 2016.
The nine surviving episodes from series 8 were released in April 2016. Of a complete run of 191 episodes, 122 are believed to no longer exist. Cronin received copies of the scripts, he wrote a blunt letter to the series' script editor in 1964, expressing his dissatisfaction with the progression of the show. Word leaked to the media, in June 1964, stories appeared in the national press suggesting that the author wanted the series to end. One newspaper accused the author of "maliciously doing millions out of legitimate enjoyment." The outcry from the viewing public was immediate, sackfuls of mail were dispatched to Cronin's home in Switzerland. He issued a statement on 7 June to refute the charges made against him: I have had hundreds of letters from viewers saying how sorry they were that the series was ending and that they were sorry that I was to blame. I don't like to disappoint anybody, but just the series has got out of line; the scripts have introduced extraneous characters. If you overrun a programme, you end up with a soap opera.
What annoys. I have written telling them it is a matter of improving scripts. I have no intention of stopping the series. By the following year, the series was a national institution. A Bill Simpson Fan Club was set up, Andy Stewart's Dr Finlay was in the Hit Parade for five weeks, Andrew Cruickshank was invited as a guest of honour at the British Medical Association's annual dinner to speak on medical matters as if he were a real GP. Following the assassination of President Kennedy on 22 November 1963, the BBC screened Dr Finlay's