Help:IPA/Albanian

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Albanian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Consonants
IPA Orthography English approximation
b b bat
c q similar to choose
d d debt
dz x goods[1]
xh jet[1]
ð dh then
f f far
ɡ g go
h h hat
j j yes
ɟ gj Jew
k k car
l l lean
ɫ ll wool
m m man
n n not
ɲ nj onion
ŋ ng bang
p p pen
r rr rolled r [2]
ɾ r butter (American English) [2]
s s son
ʃ sh show
t t tan
ts c hats[1]
ç[3] chin[1]
v v van
z z zip
ʒ zh vision
θ th thin
Vowels
IPA Written as English approximation
a a father
ɛ e bed
ə ë about, thug
i i seed
ɔ o law (Tosk)
o Joe (Gheg)[4]
u u boot
y y Similar to [i] made with rounded lips

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The affricates [dz dʒ ts tʃ]) are correctly written with ligature ties: [d͡z, d͡ʒ, t͡s, t͡ʃ]. The ties are omitted in transcriptions on Wikipedia (except in phonology articles), as they do not display correctly in all browsers.
  2. ^ a b The contrast between flapped r and trilled rr is the same as in Spanish. English does not phonemically have either sound.
  3. ^ The letter ç is sometimes written ch because of technical limitations because of its use in English sound and its analogy to the other digraphs xh, sh, and zh. Usually, it is written simply c or, more rarely q, with the context resolving any ambiguities.
  4. ^ http://www.omniglot.com/writing/albanian.htm