Help:IPA/Astur-Leonese

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Leonese, Asturian, Extremaduran and Mirandese pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ast}}, {{IPA-le}}, {{IPA-mwl}}, {{IPA-ext}}, and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPA Consonants
Asturias A

Province of León
L

Extremadura
E
Miranda do Douro
 M 
Examples English approximation
b b bota, vida / bida best
ɸ ː abdicar Japanese f (A)
β β β la vida / la bida, cabra between baby and bevy
ɸː las vidas / las bidas between baby and bevy (A, M), Japanese f (E)
d de, onda date
ð ð ð sedo, padre other
θː desde thing
f ɸ f fueu face (A, M), Japanese f (E)
h fierro / hierro / fiêrro face, hot
ʰ nafta face, hot
silent, face
ɡ ɡ gata, anguila got
x ŋ digno, ac German Bach (A), sing (E), got (M)
ɣ ɣ ɣ agora, águila between ago and ahold
xː (d)esgracia / desgraça between ago and ahold (A, M), German Bach (E)
ʝ h ʎ muyer / mujer / mulhier beyond, hope, million
ʝ j oye / oyi beyond
ɟʝ ʒ cónyuxe / cónyuji / cónjuge injure, rouge
k cun, que, cual / qual scan
l salir, alto lip
l[1] bottle
ʎ ʎ llingua / lhéngua million
ʎ [2] million
m mes, amar mother
n naide, sana need
ŋ pinga, en, álbum / álbun [3] sing
ɲ añus / anhos canyon
p pero spouse
r rato, carro rolled r
ɾ ɾ ɾ trato, caro, alto (E) US ladder
r mar are
s s sol, pasu / passo sack
h estar / estal / star bus, cat, stark
ð casa / cada sack, other, zebra
z ɦ esmeráu / smerado quiz, cat
t tolos, ocho / oito stand
chano, ocho / oito chop
v ɦ v afgano of, cat
θ ː d admira, ritmo thing (A), date (M)
θ cielos thing, sack
h paz / paç thing, cat, bus
ð decir / idel / dezir thing, other, zebra
ð ɦ paz / paç de la tierra smooth, cat, quiz
ʃ s ʃ xorda / sorda shop, sack
h caxa / caja shop, hope
ʒ axunto / ajunto, orixe / ourige shop, hope, rouge
ʒ ɦ rouge, cat
IPA Dialectal consonants[clarification needed]
h ierro ham
ɖ ḷḷingua, patsuezu
(in some local orthographies)[4]
guard
ɖʐ gin
ʈʂ chin
ts otso (ocho / oito) pizza
IPA Vowels
Asturias A

Province of León
L

Extremadura
E
Miranda do Douro
 M 
Examples English approximation
a a cacho, pá father
ɐ cachico tub
e e senu / seno, pie / piê pay
ɛ bezu / beç, sé bet
ɨ cebada roses
i chícharo see
o o puerta / puôrta cold
ɔ home, abó thought
ʊ costiella / costiêlha influence
u pruma food
IPA Final reduced vowels[5]
a ɐ
ɪ ɨ
ʊ
IPA Dialectal vowels
ɛ
ɔ
 
IPA Semivowels[6]
Asturias A

Province of León
L

Extremadura
E
Miranda do Douro
M
Examples English approximation
j fierro / fiêrro you / boy
w puerta / puôrta wine / cow
 
IPA Suprasegmentals
Asturias A

Province of León
L

Extremadura
E
Miranda do Douro
M
Examples Explanation
ˈ
ˌ
.
ː ː ː ? gemination
esti [ˈeʰtːɪ]
IPA Diacritics
◌̃ antes, cun [7] nasal vowel[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In Mirandese, the article l (the) is pronounced [l̩] (phonemically /ɨl/).
  2. ^ Found in some southern areas in which Extremaduran is spoken.[1]
  3. ^ In Extremaduran, /n/ is the only final consonant that is always pronounced.
  4. ^ Varies from a voiced retroflex affricate to a voiceless retroflex affricate and, in southwestern Asturian dialects, a voiced retroflex plosive.
  5. ^ Many dialects allow only /a/, /i/ and /u/ in final unstressed syllables.
  6. ^ The semivowels [j] and [w] can be combined with most vowels to form diphthongs and triphthongs.
  7. ^ a b Mirandese has the following nasal vowels: /ɐ̃/, /ɛ̃/, /ĩ/, /ɨ̃/, /õ/ and /ũ/.

References[edit]

Leonese

  • Asociación Cultural Faceira (2012). Xurdir. Guía gramatical de leonés (in Spanish). Asociación Cultural Faceira.
  • "Curso basico de Llionés" (in Spanish).

Asturian

  • García Arias, Xosé Lluis (2003). Gramática histórica de la lengua asturiana (in Spanish). Academia de la Llingua Asturiana.
  • "Gramática de la Llingua Asturiana" (PDF) (in Asturian).

Extremaduran

Mirandese