Help:IPA/Breton

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Breton language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Breton phonology and Breton dialects for a more thorough look at the sounds of Breton.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b bag best
x sac'h roughly like loch in Scottish English
ɣ troc'h Spanish razgo
d don doe
f fri face
ɡ gad got
h had hot
ʒ jot measure
k kazh scan
l lann lean
ʎ kuilh roughly like million
m mab mother
n noz need
ŋ anken camping
ɲ kignez roughly like canyon
p per spouse
r roue trilled r
ʁ roue roughly like loch (Scottish English) 'but voiced, like gh in Scottish Gaelic'
s skol sack
ʃ sach shine
t tal sty
v aval view
z azen zeal
Semivowels
j yod yet
w gwenn wet
ɥ kuit like a simultaneous wet and yet
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a kas trap
ɑː tad bra
e boest hey
per
ɛ gell best
ɛː berr red
i pik see
biz bee
o pok go
dor law (RP and Australian)
ɔ korn lott RP and Australian
ɔː torr saw
y butun roughly like Scottish shoot
uvel roughly like Scottish shoes, like German über
ə ebeul (regional) roughly like bird (RP) (no r-colouring)
ø peulvan roughly like bird (no r-colouring)
øː eur roughly like herd (no r-colouring), like German schön
œ feurm roughly like hurt (no r-colouring), like French neuf
u toull too
u: tour pool
Nasal vowels
ã amzer roughly like on (American English), nasalized [ɒ] or [ɑ]. rendez-vous
ãː anat
renk
ẽː enez
ɛ̃ ps roughly like man (RP); nasalized [æ] or [ɛ]
ɛ̃ː vor
ĩ bs
ĩ fval like Hindi नहीं
ɔ̃ tonn roughly like bone (American English); nasalized [o] or [ɔ]
ɔ̃ː ton
ps
ỹː unan
œ̃ feunteun
œ̃ː deun


Diphthongs
IPA Examples English approximation
ai eye
oi boy
ɔʊ bot follow
ei eil ray
au glav house
ɔu paour
eu bev eh-oo or ey-oo
koad
we boued
ɥi skuizh
iu liv

Chart for the Voiced/Unvoiced alternations[edit]

Consonants distributed for the Voiced/Unvoiced opposition
Unvoiced /p/ /f/ /t/ /s/ /ʃ/ /k/ /x/
Voiced /b/ /v/ /d/ /z/ /ʒ/ /ɡ/ /ɣ/

Notes[edit]