Help:IPA/Kannada

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Kannada pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Kannada alphabet for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Kannada.

Pronunciation of Kannada letters[edit]

Kannada Devanagari Pronunciation
[a]
[aː]
[i]
[iː]
[u]
[uː]
[rɨ]
[e]
एॅ [eː]
[eʲ]
[o]
[oː]
[oʷ]
ಅಂ अं [am]
ಅಃ अः [ah]
[k]
[kʰ]
[ɡ]
[ɡʱ]
[ŋ]
[tʃ]
[tʃʰ]
[dʒ]
[dʒʱ]
[ɲ]
[ʈ]
[ʈʰ]
[ɖ]
[ɖʱ]
[ɳ]
[t̪]
[t̪ʰ]
[d̪]
[d̪ʱ]
[n̪]
[p]
[pʰ]
[b]
[bʱ]
[m]
[j]
[r]
[l̪]
[ʋ]
[ç]
[ʂ]
[s]
[ħ]
[ɭ]

Structured consonants[edit]

The structured consonants are classified according to where the tongue touches the palate of the mouth and are classified accordingly into five structured groups, these consonants are shown here with their IAST transcriptions.

voiceless voiceless aspirate voiced voiced aspirate nasal
Velars (ka) (kha) (ga) (gha) (ṅa)
Palatals (ca) (cha) (ja) (jha) (ña)
Retroflex (ṭa) (ṭha) (ḍa) (ḍha) (ṇa)
Dentals (ta) (tha) (da) (dha) (na)
Labials (pa) (pha) (ba) (bha) (ma)

See place of articulation for more information on tongue positions.

Unstructured consonants[edit]

The unstructured consonants are consonants that do not fall into any of the above structures:

(ya), (ra), (ṟa) (obsolete), (la), (va), (śa), (ṣa), (sa), (ha), (ḷa), (ḻ) (obsolete).

Vowel letters[edit]

There are thirteen vowel letters (ಸ್ವರ svara).

Brahmi script, Kanheri Caves
Letter Diacritic ISO notation
N/A a
ā
ಿ i
ī
u
ū
e
ē
ai
o
ō
au

When a vowel follows a consonant, it is written with a diacritic rather than as a separate letter.

Notes[edit]