Help:IPA/Māori

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Māori pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English equivalents are only approximate, especially with the vowels, and are intended to give only a general idea of the pronunciation.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
f Whakatane fat, what[1]
g Otago get[2]
h Heretaunga hat
k kea sky
l Waihola lucky[2]
m Māori moon
n nā note
ŋ Ngaruawahia sung
p Paraparaumu spy
ɾ Te Reo far (Scottish English)
t Tongariro sty
w waka we
Stress
IPA Example Note
ˈ Waitangi[3] Mark placed before the stressed syllable.
ˌ
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Māori father (Northern English)
a Aotearoa mat (Northern English)
ɛː tēnā koe yeah
ɛ Te Reo bed
kīanga meet
i iwi city
ɔː tēnā kōrua law
ɔ Oamaru law, but shorter
ʉː Ngāi Tūhoe roughly like too
ʉ Te Urewera roughly like individual
Diphthongs
ae roughly like lie
ai roughly like lie
ao roughly like house
au roughly like snow (American English)
oi roughly like boy
oe roughly like wet
ou roughly like snow (American English)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Māori wh is variable, and is often equated to English wh (as pronounced by those without the wine-whine merger). However, contemporary Māori's most common pronunciation is [f], the voiceless bilabial fricative [ɸ] is a rarer pronunciation, although it is deemed without proof by some to be the sole pre-European contact variant.
  2. ^ a b Only used separately in the near-extinct southern dialect of Māori. This southern dialect also has a tendency to reduce the last vowel of a word to a schwa. See Māori language#South Island dialects for further details.
  3. ^ Stress falls on the first long vowel or on the first diphthong. Otherwise, it is on the first syllable but never earlier than the fourth-last vowel in a word, with both long vowels and diphthongs counting twice.