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A hematoma spelled haematoma, is a localized bleeding outside of blood vessels, due to either disease or trauma including injury or surgery and may involve blood continuing to seep from broken capillaries. A hematoma is benign and is in liquid form spread among the tissues including in sacs between tissues where it may coagulate and solidify before blood is reabsorbed into blood vessels. An ecchymosis is a hematoma of the skin larger than 10mm, they may occur among/within many areas such as skin and other organs, connective tissues, bone and muscle. A collection of blood may be aggravated by anticoagulant medication. Blood seepage and collection of blood may occur, it is not to be confused with hemangioma, an abnormal buildup/growth of blood vessels in the skin or internal organs. Some hematomas are visible under the surface of the skin or felt as masses/lumps. Lumps may be caused by the limitation of the blood to a sac, subcutaneous or intramuscular tissue space isolated by fascial planes; this is a key anatomical feature.

In most cases the hematoma such as a sac of blood dissolves. If the sac of blood does not disappear it may need to be surgically cleaned out/repaired; the slow process of reabsorption of hematomas can allow the broken down blood cells and hemoglobin pigment to move in the connective tissue. For example, a patient who injures the base of his thumb might cause a hematoma, which will move all through the finger within a week. Gravity is the main determinant of this process. Hematomas on articulations can reduce mobility of a member and present the same symptoms as a fracture. In most cases and exercise of the affected muscle is the best way to introduce the collection back into the blood stream. A misdiagnosis of a hematoma in the vertebra can sometimes occur. Subdermal hematoma Intramuscular hematoma Skull/brain: Subgaleal hematoma – between the galea aponeurosis and periosteum Cephalohematoma – between the periosteum and skull. Caused by vacuum delivery and vertex delivery. Epidural hematoma – between the skull and dura mater Subdural hematoma – between the dura mater and arachnoid mater Subarachnoid hematoma – between the arachnoid mater and pia mater Othematoma – between the skin and the layers of cartilage of the ear Breast hematoma Perichondral hematoma Perianal hematoma Subungual hematoma Rectus sheath hematoma Petechiae – small pinpoint hematomas less than 3 mm in diameter Purpura – a bruise about 3 – 5 mm in diameter round in shape Ecchymosis – subcutaneous extravasation of blood in a thin layer under the skin, i.e. bruising or "black and blue," over 1 cm in diameter The English word "haematoma" came into use in 1826.

The word derives from the Greek αἷμα haima "blood" and -ωμα -oma, a suffix forming nouns indicating a mass or tumor. Metanephric dysplastic hematoma of the sacral region Media related to Hematomas at Wikimedia Commons


PodProperty is an online legal service provider that specialises in co-ownership agreements for tenants in common. It is a pioneer in the home co-ownership industry. Jeremy Levitt and Jonathan Stambolis co-founded PodProperty in April 2006. Stambolis is a director of PodProperty, Levitt is the company's chief executive officer; the business is built around the legal arrangement of co-ownership of houses, apartments or real estate in Australia. The company was established during Australia's housing affordability crisis when there was soaring property prices and rising interest rates on home mortgages, it was reported in November 2006 that the company was receiving 30-40 enquiries a day for its co-ownership guide. In June 2007, PodProperty made a submission to the New Zealand Parliament Commerce Select Committee Inquiry into Housing Affordability in New Zealand, its submission "focuses on shared equity schemes and, in particular, co-ownership as a means of improving the affordability of housing in New Zealand, based on the success of this initiative in Australia".

The company said in a report in February 2010 that the estimated number of people it has assisted with their co-ownership plans grew 51 per cent year on year and it attributed the growth to the effects of the global financial crisis and people wanting to spread their mortgage risk. PodProperty arranges co-ownership agreements and letters of legal advice for people who want to buy property together as tenants in common; the PodProperty Co-Ownership Agreement can set out the rights and obligations between people in many different types of relationships, including groups of friends, family members, de facto partners or a combination of these types of relationships, it can be used to set out how the co-owners want to deal with any other issues relating to the property. The company has a co-ownership guide for home buyers and real estate investors, which explains how co-ownership works, its importance and how to start or end a co-ownership; the PodProperty Co-Ownership Guide is given out for free.

The company provides a service to help home owners and real estate investors sell down part of their investments. It charges for co-ownership agreements, would be co-owners pay on a "per person" basis for this service. PodProperty has a strategic partnership with the Commonwealth Bank of Australia and Mortgage Choice which has PodProperty listed as their preferred source of co-ownership agreements, it launched a co-ownership initiative with the now defunct Wizard Home Loans in 2007 to provide specialised services for single first home buyers looking to purchase property together. In 2007, PodProperty organised the co-ownership of a holiday property in Queensland involving five Australian couples living in Indonesia, the Northern Territory and Victoria and assisted another group to buy in Niseko, Japan, they arranged a co-ownership agreement for two friends who pooled their deposits to buy an apartment in Surry Hills, New South Wales in 2008. The company assisted a brother and sister in 2008 to buy an apartment in Sydney's North Bondi and helped them to look for a second one too.

In 2013, PodProperty drew up a co-ownership agreement for the sales of a five-bedroom house in Cottage Point, New South Wales waterfront on Sydney's Pittwater. The company's chief executive officer, Jeremy Levitt, was nominated as a 2007 SmartCompany Idol. Property law Concurrent estate Official website

Martin Sorrondeguy

Martin Sorrondeguy is the singer of hardcore bands Los Crudos and Limp Wrist, the founder of the DIY record label, Lengua Armada Discos, documentary film director and a prominent figure in both the straight edge scene and the queercore scene. He does vocals in the band Needles. Martin Sorrondeguy was born in Montevideo, grew up in Chicago, United States, he sang about many issues facing Spanish speaking minorities in the U. S. as the vocalist for Los Crudos. The band recorded in both Spanish and English, releasing many recordings, toured in South America and Mexico, as well as the U. S. and Canada. At the same time, Sorrondeguy started Lengua Armada Discos. While in Los Crudos, Sorrondeguy began making his documentary film Beyond The Screams: A U. S. Latino Hardcore Punk Documentary; the film was released in 2004. It was during the time he was vocalist for Los Crudos that Sorrondeguy made his sexuality public and began to speak out about it. In 1997, he appeared in Scott Treleaven's documentary film Queercore: A Punk-U-Mentary and spoke about being gay in the hardcore punk scene.

In the 2000s, Sorrondeguy put together a new band called a straight edge queercore band. In 2001, he was featured in the Punk Planet publication. In 2002, he appeared in the "Queer Punk" issue of the long running San Francisco-based punk zine Maximum Rock n Roll speaking with musicians such as Aaron Detroit of The Little Deaths, Cookie Tuff of Subtonix and members of Sta-Prest. In 2006, Limp Wrist toured the U. S. and began recording for a new album, to be released in 2007. Since the early 2000s, Sorrondeguy has been active in solo and group photo exhibitions of his photography, documented in his semi-regular'zine, Susto. Sorrondeguy has been an occasional guest lecturer on his experiences in Canada, Brazil and the U. S. Los Crudos continues to tour, embarking on U. S. and Scandinavian dates in 2016. for discographies see: Los Crudos Limp Wrist Needles N. N Queercore:A Punk-U-Mentary, directed by Scott Treleaven Beyond The Screams: A U. S. Latino Hardcore Punk Documentary directed by Martin Sorrondeguy Martin Sorrondeguy Bio Martin Sorondeguy profiled in OC Weekly Limp Wrist profile Los Crudos profile Beyond The Screams in the Video Data Bank

SyntheSys Research

SyntheSys Research was a Silicon Valley test equipment company that existed from 1989 to 2010, located in Menlo Park, California. The company was founded by Tom and Jim Waschura, with technical help from other ex-Ampex employees Rob Verity and Kirk Handley, early marketing help from Bob Haya, Tom and Jim's roommate; the first product was a 160 Mbit/s bit error rate tester called the BitAlyzer 160 that debuted in 1989. The company patented key technologies used in modern signal integrity test; the company was the first to combine Jitter sources in its test signal generators to permit popular Stressed-Eye testing. The company developed many products over its 21-year span, including specialty products for disk-drive, high-definition television, telecommunications, computer applications. In 2010, SyntheSys Research was purchased by Tektronix in an M&A transaction and the BERTScope and BitAlyzer instruments became product lines in Tektronix's high-speed Oscilloscope divisions; the company was founded by Tom and Jim Waschura, identical twins who worked for Ampex Corporation in Redwood City, California.

Tom Waschura's electrical engineering degree from M. I. T. Landed him a job at Ampex's Data Systems division working on tape recording and early parallel-transfer disk drives. Jim Waschura's software engineering background proved useful in Ampex's Video Systems division, working on'still stores' used for broadcast television news production. Tom left Ampex and the brothers created a partnership called Designware Associates to assist a fledgling company called Systems West create the first polar-orbiting satellite image retrieval system for commercial boating and fishing. Bob's electrical engineering degree from RPI helped him head up marketing and sales. Tom recalled a senior engineer at Ampex, John Corcoran, working to add digital communications channels to analog tape recorders that Ampex manufactured. John and Tom employed a device known as a Bit Error Rate tester that generated a pseudo-random series of bits to record and to be played-back into the BERT device that verified that the bits had been reproduced correctly.

This effort was undertaken about the same time early personal computers were becoming available, known as "PC/AT" or 80286-based personal computers. Whereas the BERT device indicated the number of bits that were incorrectly reproduced, it became clear that the effort of implementing a digital communications channel on an analog tape recorder would be helped if it were clear which bits were in error—not just the quantity of the erred bits—and it seemed the new powerful personal computers ought to be able to do this; this became the genesis of Error Location Analysis technology, patented and implemented in all BitAlyzer and BERTScope products, and, licensed to Hewlett Packard Company who implemented it in their popular 86130 3.0 Gbit/s BERT instrument. The first BitAlyzer was developed in the garage of a residence in the Emerald Hills area of Redwood City owned by Bob Haya. Rob Verity and Kirk Handley, each a former co-worker of Tom Waschura's, developed hardware modules, while Tom Waschura developed the system design and Jim Waschura developed the software.

Bob Haya is credited with coming up with the name BitAlyzer. The company was incorporated as SyntheSys Research; the first patent was filed on Error Location Analysis technology. The company moved to a small business park in Redwood City, where it resided for about a year before moving to Edison Technology Park in Menlo Park, California. Error Location Analysis became a cornerstone technique for diagnosing problems with digital communications by identifying the precise location of bit-errors during a bit error rate testing session. Fundamental bit error rate testing is accomplished by comparing a communicated bit-stream with a reference bit-stream; the correct bits may be stored in a memory device or synthesized in real-time as reception of the communicated bit-stream occurs. It is common for these bit-streams to contain pseudo-random binary sequence patterns that permit easy synchronization with just a few received consecutive bits; this self-synchronizing feature of PRBS patterns make them ideal for BERT testing.

Traditional BERT devices possess generators that produce test bit-streams for output, detectors that receive test bit-streams and count the number of bits being received and the number of mis-matches between the received and the reference bit-streams. Using the simple formula, BER = Number-of-Errors / Number-of-Bits-Transmitted, the BER is calculated. Error location analysis extends these fundamental features by employing a hardware memory device that stores the value of the received bit counter whenever a mismatching error is detected; this produces a stream of error locations that are processed in real-time, and/or stored for post-processing. Many types of statistical processing algorithms were developed by SyntheSys Research, producing a comprehensive set of error location analysis tools. Error location analysis tools: Basic BER Burst BER Statistics Define a burst using'Minimum Error Free Interval' and'Minimum Burst Length' parameters Burst Length Histogram Error Free Interval Histogram Errors Modulo-N Histogram Errors Modulo External Hardware Trigger Histogram Pattern-Sensitivity Histogram 2D Error Mapping Simulated Error Correction Coding Define hypothetical multidimensional Reed-Solomon error correcting architecture to act as a filter and view al

HAMK Häme University of Applied Sciences

HAMK Häme University of Applied Sciences is an institution of higher education with seven locations in Finland. Its programmes are coordinated with commerce. HAMK offers research and development services, professional teacher education and continuing education and studies in the Open University of Applied Sciences. HAMK operates at seven locations: Evo, Forssa, Hämeenlinna, Mustiala, Riihimäki and Valkeakoski. There are 7,800 students and 670 staff members. HAMK offers master-level degree programmes in six fields of study: Culture. Seven bachelor-level programmes are taught in English: Bioeconomy Engineering Computer Applications Construction Engineering Electrical and Automation Engineering International Business Mechanical Engineering and Production Technology Smart and Sustainable DesignIn addition, one master-level programme, Business management and entrepreneurship, is taught in English. Bachelor's degree studies comprises basic and professional studies, optional studies, work placement and a Bachelor's thesis.

The extent of the studies is 210–240 ECTS credits and the duration is 3.5 to 4 years. Official website

Tanja Bruske

Tanja Monique Bruske-Guth known under her pseudonym Lucy Guth, is a German writer and journalist. Tanja Bruske grew up in Marköbel near Hanau, she attended the Otto Hahn School in Hanau, where she graduated from high school in 1998, studied German literature and theater and media studies at the Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main until 2002. She wrote her master's thesis on Tabletop role-playing game. "During her studies she gained practical experience as a journalist with Hit Radio FFH and RTL, to name a few." After completing her studies, she volunteered at the Gelnhäuser Neue Zeitung, where she still works today. Bruske is a member of the Deutscher Journalisten-Verband. Tanja Bruske has been writing since elementary school age, her first fantasy novel, "Das ewige Lied", was released in 2007 after winning the competition "Hessen's most auspicious manuscript" by radio station FFH. With the Kinzigtal Trilogy Bruske wrote from 2013 three mystery thrillers who play in their home region, the Main-Kinzig-Kreis.

Since 2019, her historical fantasy novels have appeared in the "Schlüssel der Zeit" series, conceived on 18 volumes and each of which tells a story from a location in the Main-Kinzig district. Since 2014, Bruske has been active under her pseudonym Lucy Guth as a science fiction author and has so far written 21 dime novels, alone or in collaboration with other authors, for various series. Bruske has published five plays. In 2018 Tanja Bruske was named "Stadtschreiberin von Eggenburg" for her novella "Der Henker und die Hexe" as part of the Eggenburg Medieval Festival. Die Fantasy-Rollenspiele "Das Schwarze Auge" und "Advanced Dungeons and Dragons" als Medienverbundangebote. Grin Verlag, München 2002. ISBN 9783640354955. Das ewige Lied. Mainbook Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2016. ISBN 9783946413028. Leuchte. Mainbook Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2013. ISBN 9783944124032. Tod am Teufelsloch. Mainbook Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2015. ISBN 9783944124858. Fratzenstein. Mainbook Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2017. ISBN 9783946413851.

Der Ruf der Schlösser. Mainebook Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2019. ISBN 9783947612345. Der Hexer von Bergheim. Mainebook Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2019. ISBN 9783947612352. Das Geheimnis der Kommende. Mainebook Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2019. ISBN 9783947612369. Maddrax: Seit Ausgabe No. 372 Mitarbeit an insgesamt 19 Heften, zuletzt Band No. 507. Perry Rhodan Neo 201: Mission auf Mimas. Pabel-Moewig Verlag, Rastatt 2019. ISBN 9783845349015. Deinoid: Silla. Verlag Peter Hopf, Petershagen 2017. ISBN 9783863052416. Männerjagd in Das letzte Date: Liebe, Lust & Leichen, Moenus Verlag, 2016 ISBN 9783000533044