Elizabethtown is a borough in Lancaster County, 21 miles southeast of Harrisburg. Small factories existed at the turn of the 20th century when the population in 1900 was 1,861. There was a slight increase in the next decade, with 1,970 people living in Elizabethtown in 1910; as of the 2000 census, the population of the borough was 11,887. Elizabethtown is referred to in south-central Pennsylvania as "E-Town." This nickname is used for the local college and high school. There are two stories about the origin of the town's name. In one version it is named after Elizabeth Reeby, wife of Michael Reeby who sold the first building lots here in about 1795. Another version has it named after the wife of Captain Barnabas Hughes who purchased The Black Bear Tavern in 1750; the accepted history is that, in 1753, Captain Barnabas Hughes acquired land and laid out a town, naming it for his wife, Elizabeth. The early settlers were Scots-Irish and Pennsylvania Dutch. Elizabethtown became a borough in 1827, a railroad was built through the area in the 1830s.
The town was agricultural until the early 1900s, when the Klein Chocolate Company and several shoe factories opened. Elizabethtown College was established in 1899, the Masonic Homes followed in 1910. After World War II, Elizabethtown grew more than doubling its population between 1950 and 2000. Homes and businesses expanded into nearby farmland, making sprawl, farmland preservation, revitalizing the downtown area important issues; the Kreider Shoe Manufacturing Company was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. Elizabethtown Borough Council has six members representing three voting wards; each council member is elected to a four-year term. They are responsible for setting policy in every aspect of the Borough, including budgeting, public works and ordinances. MayorChuck Mummert — The mayor is elected to a four-year term and is responsible for overseeing the police department, as well as performing ceremonial duties; the mayor casts votes at Borough Council meetings. State Representative: David Hickernell State Senator: Ryan Aument U. S. Representative: Joseph R. Pitts Elizabethtown is located at 40°9′12″N 76°36′2″W.
The borough has a total area of 2.6 square miles, of which, 2.6 square miles of it is land and 0.38% is water. The Pennsylvania Department of Corrections Training Academy is located in Mount Joy Township, near Elizabethtown. Elizabethtown is home to Continental Press, White Oak Mills, Elizabethtown College, the Masonic Village, a large Mars Chocolate North America plant and numerous smaller businesses.. As of the census of 2000, there were 11,887 people, 4,271 households, 2,703 families residing in the borough; the population density was 4,567.4 people per square mile. There were 4,483 housing units at an average density of 1,722.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 96.32% White, 0.90% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, 0.87% from two or more races. 1.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,271 households, out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families.
30.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.88. In the borough the population was spread out, with 19.3% under the age of 18, 18.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 82.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $42,752, the median income for a family was $52,214. Males had a median income of $35,764 versus $26,316 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $18,384. About 3.3% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over. Public schools in Elizabethtown Borough are part of the Elizabethtown Area School District, though there are areas outside the borough that have Elizabethtown mailing addresses that are in neighboring school districts.
Mount Calvary Christian School is in the borough. Elizabethtown College, a private liberal arts institution, provides higher education. Elizabethtown Public Library, member of the Library System of Lancaster County Town newspaper The Elizabethtown AdvocateRadio WWEC 88.3 FM WPDC 1600 AM Elizabethtown is served by an Amtrak station, where all Keystone Service and Pennsylvanian trains stop. Bus service is provided by the Red Rose Transit Authority. State routes PA-230, PA-241, PA-743 run through the borough; the PA-283 freeway bypasses the borough to the northeast, going through Mount Joy Township, but a small portion goes through the borough. Letterkenny, Ireland Gene Garber, former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball Chris Millard, childhood cancer victim who wrote "The Four Diamonds" essay for a school assignment, which became the namesake Four Diamonds Fund charity and inspired the Penn State IFC/Panhellenic Dance Marathon. Media related to Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania at Wikimedia Commons Borough of Elizabethtown Elizabethtown Area Chamber of Commerce
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
In the U. S. commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a borough is a self-governing municipal entity, best thought of as a town smaller than a city, but with a similar population density in its residential areas. Sometimes thought of as "junior cities", boroughs have fewer powers and responsibilities than full-fledged cities. Boroughs tend to have more developed business districts and concentrations of public and commercial office buildings, including court houses. Both are larger, less spacious, more developed than the rural townships, which have the greater territory and surround boroughs of a related or the same name. There are 56 cities in Pennsylvania, but only one town, the town of Bloomsburg. All municipalities in Pennsylvania are classified as boroughs, or townships; the only exception is the town of Bloomsburg, recognized by state government as the only incorporated town in Pennsylvania and uses the distinction in its promotion. Many home rule municipalities remain classified as boroughs or townships for certain purposes if the state's Borough and Township Codes no longer apply to them.
Borough List of towns and boroughs in Pennsylvania Category:Self-governance References Sources
Marietta is a borough in Lancaster County, United States. The population was 2,689 at the 2000 census, it is located on the east bank of the Susquehanna River just north of Columbia. Marietta is located at 40°3′26″N 76°33′21″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.8 square miles, all of it land. Market Street runs the whole length of the town; the east/west divider is Waterford Avenue. In 1727, James Anderson made a lottery. David Cook laid another portion of present-day Marietta. Further development by Jacob Grosh, John Myers, John Peadan, James Mehaffey, Benjamin Long, James Huffy laid out the rest of present-day Marietta. In 1812, the borough was incorporated, merging all the areas of town except for the western portion of the borough, extended into Marietta at a date. For the first couple years of existence, the growth of the borough was meager. An economic crisis struck the town, not relenting until around 1830. Throughout the years, industries such as timber and iron smelting provided many economic opportunities in the borough.
The borough was named for the wives of two settlers. The Ashley and Bailey Silk Mill, Joseph Bucher House, Chickies Historic District, Linden House, Marietta Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,689 people, 1,092 households, 723 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,587.0 people per square mile. There were 1,168 housing units at an average density of 1,558.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 95.83% White, 2.49% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.90% of the population. There were 1,092 households, out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99. In the borough the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $40,563, the median income for a family was $46,905. Males had a median income of $33,783 versus $21,863 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $19,265. About 6.7% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over. Primary and secondary education in the borough of Marietta is provided by the Donegal School District. Students kindergarten through second grade attend the Donegal Primary School in Mount Joy, PA. Students third grade through sixth grade attend the Donegal Intermediate School located on PA 441 just outside the borough.
Students seventh grade through eighth grade attend the Donegal Junior High School in Mount Joy, PA. Students ninth grade through twelfth grade attend the Donegal Senior High School in Mount Joy, PA. Henry B. Cassel, Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. Alan Dawson, famous jazz drummer and percussion teacher based in Boston, born in Marietta. David Hickernell, Republican member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives Marietta, PA website Marietta Restoration Associates
Manor Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Manor Township, in west central Lancaster County, United States, was founded upon the genocide of the Native American population known as the Susquehannock, in events collectively known as the Conestoga Massacres. Manor Township takes its name from the Manor of Conestoga, surveyed and reserved for William Penn in 1719. There is evidence that William Penn visited this area prior to 1690. At this time the area was Native American territory; the Susquehannocks were the largest tribe in the Susquenhanna Valley with the center of their community in the Turkey Hill area. The Quaker government had surveyors lay off a large area bounded by the Little Conestoga Creek near Millersville, to the Susquehanna River, to the Conestoga Creek; this area was called the Manor of Conestoga, some historians believe it was set aside by William Penn as a domain in which the Indians could live and hunt. The Manor contained 16,000 acres east of the Susquehanna River. For the most part the land was flat and well watered, the soil was rich and fertile.
The Susquehannock tribe had lived on the land, ceded by William Penn to their ancestors in the 1690s. Many Conestoga were Christian, they had lived peacefully with their European neighbors for decades, they lived by bartering handicrafts and from subsistence food given them by the Pennsylvania government. In the aftermath of the French and Indian War, the frontier of Pennsylvania remained unsettled. A new wave of Scots-Irish immigrants now known locally as "The Paxton Boys" encroached on Native American land in the back country in blatant violation of signed treaties; these settlers claimed that Indians raided their homes, killing men and children. Reverend John Elder, the parson at Paxtang, became a leader of the settlers, he was known as the "Fighting Parson" and kept his rifle in the pulpit while he delivered his sermons. Elder helped organize the settlers into a mounted militia and was named Captain of the group known as the "Pextony boys." Although there had been no Indian attacks in the area, the Paxton Boys claimed that the Conestoga secretly provided aid and intelligence to the hostiles.
At daybreak on December 14, 1763, the vigilante group of the Scots-Irish frontiersmen attacked Conestoga homes at Conestoga Town, scalped or, mutilated the males and murdered the women and children, burned their cabins, in what was their final massacre of the native American tribe. To this day, Manor Township uses an Indian Chief in full headdress with the date 1763 below, as its official township logo; the colonial government determined that the killings were murder. The new governor, John Penn offered a reward for capture of the Paxton Boys. Penn placed the remaining sixteen Conestoga in protective custody in Lancaster but the Paxton Boys broke in on December 27, 1763, they killed and dismembered six adults and eight children. The government of Pennsylvania offered a new reward after this second attack, this time $600, for the capture of anyone involved; the attackers were never identified. It was changed to its present form in 1759; the population was 19,612 at the 2010 census. For the next 100 years the Township was subdivided as the large plantations were cut into smaller tracts to accommodate growing families.
The iron industry came to the Township in 1846 when the Iron Works was built in the village of Safe Harbor. The T-shape rail was the principal produce of the mill; the Civil War came close to Manor Township in 1863. Governor Curtin called every able-bodied man to enroll for the defense of the States. Citizens of Manor and Millersville assembled at the headquarters at Safe Harbor; the invasion threat to Lancaster County ended as the Columbia-Wrightsville bridge was burned and Lee's army was defeated at Gettysburg. By 1880 the population of Manor Township was 4,000 people. From the late 1800s through the mid 1900s Manor Township was known for producing fine tobacco crops. Manor farmers produced more tobacco than any township in Lancaster County. Churches and schools were built; the railroad along the western boundary of the township enabled industries to develop, including a woolen factory near Safe Harbor, match factory in Safe Harbor, an implement factory near Millersville. In April 1930, construction began on the dam for the Safe Harbor Water Power Corporation and was completed twenty months in 1931.
In 1973, Washington Boro merged into Manor Township. Most of Manor Township remains agricultural in use; the land is considered by soil scientists to be as fertile as any in the United States. The vast majority of development has occurred in the north eastern section of the Township. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 48.6 square miles, of which, 38.5 square miles of it is land and 10.1 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 16,498 people, 6,464 households, 4,699 families residing in the township; the population density was 427.9 people per square mile. There were 6,710 housing units at an average density of 174.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 95.64% White, 1.35% African American, 0.10% Native American, 1.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.28% of the population. There were 6,464 households, out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.3% were non-families.
22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 8
Lancaster is a city located in South Central Pennsylvania which serves as the seat of Pennsylvania's Lancaster County and one of the oldest inland towns in the United States. With a population of 59,322, it ranks eighth in population among Pennsylvania's cities; the Lancaster metropolitan area population is 507,766, making it the 101st largest metropolitan area in the U. S. and second largest in the South Central Pennsylvania area. The city's primary industries include healthcare, public administration and both professional and semi-professional services. Lancaster hosts more electronic public CCTV outdoor cameras per capita than cities such as Boston or San Francisco, despite controversy among residents. Lancaster was home to James Buchanan, the nation's 15th president, to congressman and abolitionist Thaddeus Stevens. Called Hickory Town, the city was renamed after the English city of Lancaster by native John Wright, its symbol, is from the House of Lancaster. Lancaster was part of the 1681 Penn's Woods Charter of William Penn, was laid out by James Hamilton in 1734.
It was incorporated as a borough in 1742 and incorporated as a city in 1818. During the American Revolution, Lancaster was the capital of the United States for one day, on September 27, 1777, after the Continental Congress fled Philadelphia, captured by the British; the revolutionary government moved still farther away to York, Pennsylvania. Lancaster was capital of Pennsylvania from 1799 to 1812, after which the capital was moved to Harrisburg. In 1851, the current Lancaster County Prison was built in the city, styled after Lancaster Castle in England; the prison remains in use, was used for public hangings until 1912. It replaced a 1737 structure on a different site; the first paved road in the United States was the former Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike, which makes up part of the present-day U. S. Route 30. Opened in 1795, the Turnpike connected the cities of Lancaster and Philadelphia, was designed by a Scottish engineer named John Loudon McAdam. Lancaster residents are known to use the word "macadam" in lieu of asphalt.
This name is a reference to the paving process named for McAdam. The city of Lancaster was home to several important figures in American history. Wheatland, the estate of James Buchanan, the fifteenth President of the United States, is one of Lancaster's most popular attractions. Thaddeus Stevens, considered among the most powerful members of the United States House of Representatives, lived in Lancaster as an attorney. Stevens gained notoriety for his abolitionism; the Fulton Opera House in the city was named for Lancaster native Robert Fulton, a renaissance man who created the first functional steamboat. All of these individuals have had local schools named after them. After the American Revolution, the city of Lancaster became an iron-foundry center. Two of the most common products needed by pioneers to settle the Frontier were manufactured in Lancaster: the Conestoga wagon and the Pennsylvania long rifle; the Conestoga wagon was named after the Conestoga River. The innovative gunsmith William Henry lived in Lancaster and was a U.
S. congressman and leader during and after the American Revolution. In 1803, Meriwether Lewis visited Lancaster to be educated in survey methods by the well-known surveyor Andrew Ellicott. During his visit, Lewis learned to plot latitude and longitude as part of his overall training needed to lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition. In 1879, Franklin Winfield Woolworth opened his first successful "five and dime" store in the city of Lancaster, the F. W. Woolworth Company. Lancaster was one of the winning communities for the All-America City award in 2000. On October 13, 2011, Lancaster's City Council recognized September 27 as Capital Day, a holiday recognizing Lancaster's one day as capital of the United States in 1777. Lancaster is located at 40°02'23" North, 76°18'16" West, is 368 feet above sea level; the city is located about 34 miles southeast of Harrisburg, 70 miles west of Philadelphia, 55 miles north-northeast of Baltimore and 87 miles northeast of Washington, D. C; the nearest towns and boroughs are Millersville, Willow Street, East Petersburg, Landisville, Mountville and Leola.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.4 square miles, of which, 7.4 square miles of it is land and 0.14% is water. Lancaster has a humid subtropical climate with hot or warm summers; as of the 2010 census, the city was 55.2% White, 16.3% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian, 5.8% were two or more races. 39.3 % of the population were of Latino ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 56,348 people, 20,933 households, 12,162 families residing in the city; the population density was 7,616.5 people per square mile. There were 23,024 housing units at an average density of 3,112.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 61.55% White, 14.09% African American, 0.44% Native American, 2.46% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 17.44% from other races, 3.94% from two or more races. 30.76 % of the population were Latino people of any race. The largest ethnic groups in Lancaster as of recent estimates are: Puerto Rican 29.2% German 21.2% African American 12.8% Irish 8.6% English 8.2% Italian 4.1% Dominican 3.2% Polish 2.0% Scottish 1.9% Mexican 1.8% Cuban 1.7% West Indian 1.0%In 2010, 29.2% of Lancaster residents were of P
West Hempfield Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
West Hempfield Township is a township in west central Lancaster County, United States. The population was 16,153 at the 2010 census; the Chickies Historic District, Forry's Mill Covered Bridge, Siegrist's Mill Covered Bridge are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 20.9 square miles, of which, 18.9 square miles of it is land and 2.1 square miles of it is water. Though the Borough of Columbia lies on the Susquehanna River, the borough does not claim any of the river, as its West Hempfield Township's territory; the township is between the cities of Lancaster and York on Route 30. Allowing for a mix of suburban and farm living, it borders the Boroughs of Mountville and of Columbia. As of the census of 2000, there were 15,128 people, 5,427 households, 4,319 families residing in the township; the population density was 802.3 people per square mile. There were 5,542 housing units at an average density of 293.9/sq mi.
The racial makeup of the township was 93.24% White, 1.87% African American, 0.09% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.09% from other races, 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.56% of the population. There were 5,427 households, out of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.4% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 5.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.09. In the township the population was spread out, with 28.5% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males. The median income for a household in the township was $50,526, the median income for a family was $54,783.
Males had a median income of $40,214 versus $25,311 for females. The per capita income for the township was $21,141. About 3.9% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over