A chancellor is a leader of a college or university either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system. In most Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, the chancellor is a ceremonial non-resident head of the university. In such institutions, the chief executive of a university is the vice-chancellor, who may carry an additional title, such as "president & vice-chancellor"; the chancellor may serve as chairman of the governing body. In many countries, the administrative and educational head of the university is known as the president, principal or rector. In the United States, the head of a university is most a university president. In U. S. university systems that have more than one affiliated university or campus, the executive head of a specific campus may have the title of chancellor and report to the overall system's president, or vice versa. In both Australia and New Zealand, a chancellor is the chairman of a university's governing body.
The chancellor is assisted by a deputy chancellor. The chancellor and deputy chancellor are drawn from the senior ranks of business or the judiciary; some universities have a visitor, senior to the chancellor. University disputes can be appealed from the governing board to the visitor, but nowadays, such appeals are prohibited by legislation, the position has only ceremonial functions; the vice-chancellor serves as the chief executive of the university. Macquarie University in Sydney is a noteworthy anomaly as it once had the unique position of Emeritus Deputy Chancellor, a post created for John Lincoln upon his retirement from his long-held post of deputy chancellor in 2000; the position was not an honorary title, as it retained for Lincoln a place in the University Council until his death in 2011. Canadian universities and British universities in Scotland have a titular chancellor similar to those in England and Wales, with day-to-day operations handled by a principal. In Scotland, for example, the chancellor of the University of Edinburgh is Anne, Princess Royal, whilst the current chancellor of the University of Aberdeen is Camilla, Duchess of Rothesay.
In Canada, the vice-chancellor carries the joint title of "president and vice-chancellor" or "rector and vice-chancellor." Scottish principals carry the title of "principal and vice-chancellor." In Scotland, the title and post of rector is reserved to the third ranked official of university governance. The position exists in common throughout the five ancient universities of Scotland with rectorships in existence at the universities of St Andrews, Aberdeen and Dundee, considered to have ancient status as a result of its early connections to the University of St Andrews; the position of Lord Rector was given legal standing by virtue of the Universities Act 1889. Rectors appoint a rector's assessor a deputy or stand-in, who may carry out their functions when they are absent from the university; the Rector chairs meetings of the university court, the governing body of the university, is elected by the matriculated student body at regular intervals. An exception exists at Edinburgh, where the Rector is elected by staff.
In Finland, if the university has a chancellor, he is the leading official in the university. The duties of the chancellor are to promote sciences and to look after the best interests of the university; as the rector of the university remains the de facto administrative leader and chief executive official, the role of the chancellor is more of a social and historical nature. However some administrative duties still belong to the chancellor's jurisdiction despite their arguably ceremonial nature. Examples of these include the appointment of new docents; the chancellor of University of Helsinki has the notable right to be present and to speak in the plenary meetings of the Council of State when matters regarding the university are discussed. Despite his role as the chancellor of only one university, he is regarded as the political representative of Finland's entire university institution when he exercises his rights in the Council of State. In the history of Finland the office of the chancellor dates all the way back to the Swedish Empire, the Russian Empire.
The chancellor's duty was to function as the official representative of the monarch in the autonomous university. The number of chancellors in Finnish universities has declined over the years, in vast majority of Finnish universities the highest official is the rector; the remaining universities with chancellors are University of Åbo Akademi University. In France, chancellor is one of the titles of the rector, a senior civil servant of the Ministry of Education serving as manager of a regional educational district. In his capacity as chancellor, the rector awards academic degrees to the university's gradua
A classroom is a learning space, a room in which both children and adults learn. Classrooms are found in educational institutions of all kinds, from preschools to universities, may be found in other places where education or training is provided, such as corporations and religious and humanitarian organizations; the classroom provides a space. In elementary schools, classrooms can have a whole group of 18 to 26 students and one or two teachers; when there are two teachers in a classroom, one is the lead teacher and the other one is the associate. Or the second teacher may be a special education teacher. In lower elementary the classrooms are set up different than upper elementary. In these classrooms there are tables instead of desks, a rug with a smart board for whole group learning, a library and centers; the rug is the vocal point of the classroom and everything else is strategically placed around it. The teacher must be able to move swiftly through the classroom. To determine if the classroom is meeting the highest level of quality there is a grading scale called ECERS.
There are 43 items on this checklist and it is diveded into 7 categories and they are as followes: Space and Furnishings, Personal Care Routines, Language-Reasoning, Interactions, Program Structure, Parents and Staff. In an upper elementary classroom students now use desks, there is no rug for whole group learning but there is a smart board and computers. Students start practicing switching classes to get accustomed to middle and high school transitions. In a self-contained classrooms there are 7 or less students. Self-contained classrooms are designed for children. Teachers get to focus on their small group of students and create individualized lessons for each child. An integrated or inclusion classroom can be thought of as a mix between a traditional classroom and a self-contained classroom. In this style of classroom, there is a mix of general students that need services. There are two teachers in this style of classroom, a general education teacher and special education teacher, they both teach and serve the students in the classroom, but during certain parts of the day the special education teacher may pull the students that have services to give them additional support.
This allows students with accommodations or an Individual Education Program, to still get to be in a general classroom but get the individualized instruction they need. Middle school and high school classrooms are set up quite similar. There is one teacher and students transition from one classroom to the next, they do not stay in one classroom all day. These classrooms can have around 20 students. Students may not have the same group of students in each class depending on the students schedule. College classrooms are set up in a lecture hall or auditorium with one teacher called a professor; this teacher has a Teacher Assistant, a grad student. This person may help grade tests, they can hold review sessions for college students to come to once or twice a week. Some other types of classrooms that a middle/high school or college might have are: computer labs for IT lessons, gymnasiums for sports, science laboratories for biology and physics; the layout and decor of the classroom has a significant effect upon the quality of the educational experience.
Attention to the acoustics and colour scheme may reduce distractions and aid concentration. The lighting and furniture influence factors such as student attention span. Few pupil-centric design principles were used in the construction of classrooms. In 19th century Britain, one of the few common considerations was to try and orient new buildings so the class windows faced north as much as possible, while avoiding west or southern facing windows, as in Britain northern light causes less glare. Desks were arranged in columns and rows, with a teacher’s desk at the front, where he or she would stand and lecture the class. Little color was used for fear of distracting the children. In the 1950s and 60s cheap and harsh fluorescent lights were sometimes used, which could cause eyestrain. Research has suggested that optimal use of daylight, color selection and the arrangement of the furniture in the classroom can affect pupils academic success. Georgetown University found that test scores increased by 11% through the improvement of a classroom's physical environment.
In the design of a classroom, desk arrangements are essential to the decor and design of the classroom followed by seating arrangements for the students. Classroom desks are arranged in rows or columns, but there are many more ways to arrange the desks, for example making a circle with the desks so that it's more of a group discussion or having the desks in a "U" shape for group discussions and easy access for the teacher. Color is a big asset to the classroom by realating the colors to the subjects learned in the classroom to help the students learn. Color helps the atmosphere be fun and exciting and help visual stimulation for the students; the acoustics of the classroom are often overlooked, but are an important part of the success of a child. Choosing only materials that cause sound to reverberate, such as tile floors and hard wall surfaces increases noise levels and can prove detrimental to learning. One study of hyperactive versus control groups of children found that white noise has no impact on either group, but that auditory stimulation such as distant conversations or music has a negative effect on both groups
Bellarmine University is a private Catholic university in Louisville, Kentucky. The liberal arts institution opened on October 3, 1950, as Bellarmine College, established by Archbishop John A. Floersh of the Archdiocese of Louisville and named after the Cardinal Saint Robert Bellarmine. In 2000 the Board of Trustees changed the name to Bellarmine University; the university is organized into seven colleges and schools and confers bachelor's and master's degrees in more than 50 academic majors, along with five doctoral degrees. The university has an enrollment of over 3,900 students on its main 135-acre academic and residential campus in Louisville's Belknap neighborhood. At its 2011 commencement, the school graduated 482 undergraduate and graduate students, contributing to a total of 780 graduates for the school year, up from 700 the previous year. Bellarmine offers a large number of extracurricular activities to its students, including athletics, honor societies and student organizations, its athletic teams are known as the Knights.
Bellarmine is a member of NCAA Division II and competes in the Great Lakes Valley Conference, except in men's lacrosse, which competes at the Division I level in the Southern Conference. Bellarmine's men's basketball team won the 2011 NCAA Men's Division II Basketball Tournament, the first athletic national championship in school history. Alumni and former students have gone on to prominent careers in government, science, education and entertainment. Bellarmine University has been led by four presidents: Msgr. Alfred Horrigan, Dr. Eugene V. Petrik, Dr. Joseph J. McGowan and Susan M. Donovan. Horrigan, elevated to Domestic Prelate by the pope in 1955, led the school during its formative years. Petrik strengthened Bellarmine's financial footing. McGowan led the school in a massive building program. Fr. Raymond J. Treece served as interim president in 1972 -- 73, between Presidents Petrik. Dr. John Oppelt served as acting president during McGowan's sabbatical in 1999; the first public announcement of the establishment of Bellarmine College was made in November 1949 by the Archbishop of Louisville, John A. Floersh.
He selected Horrigan and Treece, associate editors of the Louisville Archdiocesan newspaper, The Record, to begin the school. The two designed a curriculum and the school's core philosophy, taking cues from The Catholic University of America in Washington, DC, seeking advice from a number of Catholic institutions, including the University of Notre Dame, the University of Scranton, the University of St. Thomas in Houston, Texas. In 1950, The Catholic Archdiocese of Louisville founded Bellarmine College with a pioneer class of 115 freshmen; the only building, Pasteur Hall, was still without its front door on the first day of classes. Archbishop John A. Floersh called the school into existence at its first Convocation, saying, "We are looking forward to the day when the college ranks with the great colleges of our country." From its opening day under founding President Horrigan, Bellarmine welcomed people of all faiths and races. In 1953 the college added the Administration Building. At its first commencement in 1954, Bellarmine graduated 42 students.
The Korean War interrupted or ended the educations of many in the pioneer class, but the school persevered despite rumors of closure. In December 1956, the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools formally announced Bellarmine's accreditation. Enrollment rose from the initial 115 in 1950 to 1,033 in 1959; the 1960s was an era of growth for the university. The university added Knights Hall, Bonaventure Hall, Lenihan Hall, Newman Hall, Kennedy Hall, an addition to Pasteur Hall and a small student activities building. 1963 witnessed the arrival of students from 17 states and two foreign countries. In 1964 the school awarded its 1,000th diploma. By the end of the decade enrollment exceeded 2,000 and the college installed its first computer. In 1967, Thomas Merton designated Bellarmine as the official repository of all his manuscripts leading to the formation of Bellarmine's Catholic identity in the inclusive Merton spirit, and in 1968, Bellarmine College merged with Ursuline College, becoming coeducational and independent of the Archdiocese.
The school now had its own self-perpetuating Board of Trustees. In May 1971, President Horrigan issued a report describing the state of Bellarmine College in light of the Second Vatican Council, noting that the school's board of trustees consisted of representatives from a number of groups, reflecting the "open, progressive and experimental spirit" of that papal council. Mentioned were various distinctions Bellarmine's students had achieved, including 14 Woodrow Wilson Fellowships, seven National Science Foundation Fellowships, three Fulbright Scholars, two Danforth Fellowships and two East-West Fellowships, achievements he attributed to Bellarmine's commitment to excellence; the college welcomed its second president when Horrigan resigned in 1972. His vice president, Fr. Raymond J. Treece, served as interim president for one year. Enrollment had fallen to 1,306 by 1973, several years of deficit budgets put the school at risk of closure; the Board of Trustees appointed Dr. Eugene V. Petrik of California to the presidency in 1973 and he began to revitalize the college with new programs and directions.
He added the first graduate program – the MBA in 1975 – found resources for marketing and publicity, brought enrollment back above 2,000. The school added women's basketball in 1973, men's soccer and women's volleyball in 1976; the 1980s saw another deca
Campbellsville University is a private university in Campbellsville, United States. Founded as Russell Creek Academy, a Baptist institution, the university enrolls more than 4,000 students and is open to students of all denominations; the university offers associate, bachelor's, master's degrees. In 2014, the university trustees ended its covenant agreement with the Kentucky Baptist Convention, but vowed to uphold the ideals. Campbellsville University traces its origins to the founding in 1906 of Russell Creek Academy, a school for boys, by the Russell Creek Baptist Association; the Academy developed its offerings and a four-year curriculum, becoming accredited as a college. With an expansion of graduate programs, in 1996 the college gained university status; the president of the university is Michael V. Carter, Ph. D; the immediate past president is Kenneth W. Winters, he is a Republican state senator from District 1 based in Murray in southwestern Kentucky. Before Winters, the president was William Randolph "Randy" Davenport of Campbellsville, who served 1969–1988.
Fuller Harding, an attorney and former state representative from Campbellsville, served on the CU board of trustees for five years. His father, Abel Turner Harding, had been instrumental in raising funds to establish Russell Creek Academy, the forerunner of Campbellsville College. Forest Shely, a physician in Campbellsville and a 1943 graduate of the former Campbellsville Junior College, served as a trustee of the university for 56 years, from 1954 until his death in 2010. In 2014, representatives from Campbellsville University met with Kentucky Baptist Convention leaders to report that the CU board of trustees had voted to end its Covenant Agreement with the KBC. CU's Board Chairman Dr. Joseph L. Owens said, "Our actions will allow us to select our own trustees but these decisions in no way change the mission or the character of Campbellsville University. We look forward to discussing the new proposed agreement that will continue CU working with the KBC and its churches in areas of joint mission and ministry in the spirit of the Great Commandment and in following the command of the Great Commission."In February 2017, the CU field house was damaged in a fire.
The university will rebuild on the same spot. The new structure is expected to be available in time for the new football season in mid-August; the Gosser Fine Arts Center is home to Campbellsville University's School of Music. Housed in this complex are classrooms, practice rooms, faculty studios, offices, a computer lab, a piano lab, an instrumental rehearsal hall, a choral rehearsal hall, the Gheens Recital Hall; the Music Library is on the mezzanine level of the Montgomery Library. This collection contains performance videos, CDs, AV listening/viewing stations, musical scores, music reference books, music periodicals. There is a conducting room in the basement level for music students to videotape practice and conducting assignments. Next to the Gosser Fine Arts Center is the University's School of Art. Like Gosser, the School of Art main building has classrooms, is to have a computer lab for students who want to learn about art; the School has a Gallery building and the Tessener complex, that were once houses.
When Campbellsville College gained university status in 1996, the re-organized governance included one college of Arts and Sciences and five schools, including The School of Education, which oversees the preparation of teachers. In the fall of 1996, the School of Education moved its offices into Carter Hall and in 2006 into the new School of Education building; the current dean is Dr. Beverly Ennis; the preparation of teachers has expanded to offering graduate education and online education in a wide variety of certifications and advanced roles. The university offers programs in Louisville and Elizabethtown in addition to the main campus; the School of Education has been accredited by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education and the Kentucky Education Professional Standards Board since 2007. The 80-acre campus is situated in the center of Kentucky, about a half mile from downtown Campbellsville, population 9,000. Another portion of the campus, Clay Hill Memorial Forest, is seven miles from campus.
It is a 135-acre educational and research woodland, being developed by the Division of Natural Science as a regional center for environmental education and research. Green River Lake, a 10,000-acre recreational state park, is five miles from campus. Since 2002, Campbellsville University has operated an off-site center in Kentucky, it moved to nearby Jeffersontown in July 2007. Campbellsville University has a satellite center in Hodgenville in LaRue County, the birthplace of Abraham Lincoln; the branch center offers adult education, general education classes, children's programs. The building in Hodgenville is a gift to CU from Freddie Hilpp. Nearly half of the students enrolled at CU live on campus; the Residence Village The Residence Village Broadway North Hall South Hall East South Hall West Stapp Hall Campbellsville University Apartments Campbellsville University offers online-degree opportunities. Online programs include four associate degree programs: Associate of Science in Business Administration, Associate of Science in Christian Studies, Associate of Science in Criminal Justice, Associate of Science in General Studies.
Graduate programs include master's and Rank I programs in education and special education, master's programs in theology, business administration, organizational leadership, social work. Campbellsville University offers
Murray State University
Murray State University is a public university in Murray, Kentucky. In addition to the main campus in Calloway County in southwestern Kentucky, Murray State operates extended campuses offering upper level and graduate courses in Paducah, Hopkinsville and Henderson. Murray State University was founded after passage of Senate Bill 14 by the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, which created two normal schools in the early 20th century to address the growing demand for professional teachers. One was to be located in the western part of the state, many cities and towns bid for the new normal school. Rainey T. Wells spoke on behalf of the city of Murray to convince the Normal School Commission to choose his city. On September 2, 1922, Murray was chosen as the site of the western normal school, while Morehead was chosen for the eastern normal school. On November 26, 1922, John Wesley Carr was elected the first president of the Murray State Normal School by the State Board of Education.
Believing it had the authority to elect the president, the Normal School Commission picked Rainey Wells as the first president. On May 15, 1923, the Kentucky Court of Appeals ruled for the State Board of Education, Carr became Murray's first president. Murray State Normal School opened on September 23, 1923; until the first building was completed, classes were held on the first floor of Murray High School. That historic building is now used as Wrather West Kentucky Museum. All students lived at home or boarded with local families until the first dormitory, Wells Hall, was constructed in 1925. Wilson Hall was completed under Carr's presidency, with other structures were in progress. In 1926, Rainey T. Wells, recognized as the founder of Murray State, became its second president. Wells served from 1926 to 1932, during this time Lovett Auditorium, Carr Health Building, Pogue Library were all completed. In 1926, the Normal School was renamed Murray State Normal School and Teachers College, with a four-year curriculum, the General Assembly granted it authority to confer baccalaureate degrees.
In 1928, the college was accredited by the Southern Association of Schools. In 1930, the name was changed to Murray State Teachers College and it was granted authority to offer liberal arts and pre-professional courses; the name was changed again in 1948 to Murray State College, with expansion of the programs to include graduate-level courses, in 1966 the General Assembly authorized the Board of Regents to change the name to Murray State University. The Shield is the official seal of the university, it is taken from the heraldic coat-of-arms of the family of William Murray, Earl of Mansfield and Lord Chief Justice of Great Britain in 1756. William Murray is an ancestor of the Murray family from whom the city and the university take their names; the shield is blue with a double gold border—its three stars represent hope and achievement. The oldest and most recognizable buildings on the Murray State campus are situated around a large, tree-lined area on the south side of campus; this part of campus, known as the Quad, is bounded by 16th Street to the west, 15th Street to the east, Lovett Auditorium to the north and Wilson Hall to the south.
In the southwest corner of the Quad is the oldest building on campus, now used as Wrather West Kentucky Museum. It was known first as the Administration Building and as Wrather Hall before it became a museum. Ground was broken for Wrather Hall on October 15, 1923, it has been in use since 1924. Wrather Hall first housed administrative classrooms; the building features a large auditorium, used for lectures and meetings. Faculty Hall, Wells Hall and the Business Building line the western edge of the Quad; the Lowry Center, Pogue Library and the Price Doyle Fine Arts Center line the eastern side of the Quad. The 11-story Doyle Fine Arts Center is the tallest building on campus, housing numerous classrooms, practice rooms and recital halls, the Robert E. Johnson Theatre, Clara Eagle Art Gallery, WKMS-FM and television studios used for student work and the taping of Murray State's signature show, Roundabout U. Directly south of the Quad is Sparks Hall. Sparks Hall is the main administrative building, housing the offices of student financial aid and registration, accounting and financial services, vice president for administrative services, Center for Continuing Education and Academic Outreach, human resources and university communications.
The five-story, 39,000-square-foot, Sparks Hall was completed in 1967 at a cost of $1,308,514. To the south of the Quadrangle, directly west of Sparks Hall is Oakhurst, the residence of the university president. Construction of the residence known as Edgewood, began in 1917 and was completed in 1918; the home was built by Mrs. Rainey T. Wells; the Board of Regents purchased the home from Rainey T. Wells in June 1936, it was remodeled that year and renamed Oakhurst in preparation for James H. Richmond's occupation of the house; the central portion of the Murray State campus lines 15th Street between Chestnut Street and Olive Boulevard. This portion of 15th Street was open to automobile traffic, but has since been closed and converted into a pedestrian thoroughfare. Along the west side of the 15th Street pedestrian pathway is the Martha Layne Collins Center for Industry and Technology, Blackburn Science Building, Oakley Applied Science Building. To the east of the pedestrian pathway lies the Curris Center, Carr Health Building and Cutchin Fieldhouse, Waterfield Library, Ordway Hall, Woods Hall and Mason Hall.
The most historic building in the central portion of campus is Ordway Hall. The contract for construction of Ordway Hall was approved in April 1930, c
Centre College is a private liberal arts college located in Danville, Kentucky, a community of 16,000 in Boyle County, about 35 miles south of Lexington, Kentucky. Centre is an undergraduate four-year institution with an enrollment of 1,400 students. Centre was founded by Presbyterian leaders, it maintains a loose affiliation with the Presbyterian Church, it was chartered by the Kentucky General Assembly in 1819. The college is a member of the Associated Colleges of the South and the Association of Presbyterian Colleges and Universities; the Kentucky General Assembly established Centre College on January 21, 1819. The college was named for its proximate location in the geographic "centre" of the Commonwealth, using early nineteenth century America's contemporaneous spelling of the word. Auspiciously, the legislature placed many of Kentucky's most prominent citizens in charge of Centre College's Board of Trustees, with Isaac Shelby, the Commonwealth's first governor, serving as chair. Classes began in the fall of 1820 in Old Centre, the first building on campus and the oldest college administration building west of the Allegheny Mountains.
In its early years, Centre navigated financial hardships, disputes within and outside the Presbyterian Church, six wars, including the occupation of Old Centre by both Confederate and Union troops during the Civil War. A Centre alumnus, John Todd Stuart, played a formative role in American history by encouraging Abraham Lincoln to study for the bar, providing his first set of law books, serving as Lincoln's professional and political mentor. From 1830 to 1857, President John C. Young oversaw a vast enlargement of the faculty and a five-fold increase in the student body. Following the Civil War, Centre affiliated itself with several other educational institutions. From 1894 until 1912, J. Proctor Knott, a former Kentucky Governor and U. S. Congressman, operated a law school at Centre as its dean; the Centre College Board of Trustees controlled the Kentucky School for the Deaf in Danville, during its early years. In 1921, Centre upset Harvard University's undefeated football team 6–0, a feat which led The New York Times to call it "Football's Upset of the Century".
ESPN described Centre's victory as one of the biggest upsets in all sports during the twentieth century. "C6H0" remains a point of pride among students and alumni and is the answer to "What is the formula for a winning football team?" To this day, "C6HO" is inscribed in large white figures on the brick exterior of Centre's old post office. During the 1960s the college's financial resources doubled. Eleven new buildings were added to the campus and enrollment increased from 450 to 800. In 1988, Centre set a national record when it achieved a 75.4% participation rate for alumni giving, a mark that remains unbroken to this day. From the latter twentieth century to the present, strong levels of alumni giving and participation—often the highest in the nation—fueled the college's growth. Today, enrollment is around 1,300 with nearly 150 faculty members. Dr. John A. Roush, who took office in 1998, is the college's 20th president. In 2000, Centre became the smallest college to host a national election debate.
Dick Cheney and Senator Joe Lieberman debated on October 5 at Centre's Norton Center for the Arts with CNN's Bernard Shaw acting as moderator. In 2012, Centre again hosted a vice presidential debate in the Norton Center for the Arts, which featured Vice President Joe Biden and Rep. Paul Ryan; the physical campus has changed during the past decade. In 2005, the college completed The College Centre, a $22-million project to expand and renovate Suttcliffe Hall, the Crounse Academic Center and Grace Doherty Library, the largest construction project on campus since the Norton Center was built in 1973. Additionally, a new student residence, Pearl Hall, was completed in 2008. In August 2011, Centre announced the construction of Brockman Residential Commons, a 125-bed facility offering apartment and townhouse living for upperclassmen; the residence facility was completed at the beginning of the 2012–13 school year. Classes at Centre are held in spite of several federal holidays—including Martin Luther King, Jr. Presidents, Labor and Veterans Days—and cancelled, which are points of pride among students and alumni.
During the Confederate occupation of Old Centre in 1862, classes were held at Old Sayre library. However, the Battle of Perryville forced the faculty to suspend classes for 13 days, the college's only cancellation during the Civil War. Classes were cancelled one day due to the Great Blizzard of 1978. In 1994 and 1998, when severe snow and ice storms shut down much of the Commonwealth, classes were delayed by half a day. In 2000, classes were cancelled prior to the Vice Presidential Debate and in the spring due to a hazardous chemical spill on the train tracks found at the end of Greek Row. On March 7, 2006, classes were cut short to allow students and staff to attend a symposium honoring retiring Dean John Ward. Following a large snow storm in 1997, Dean John Ward told the college community, "Centre didn't cancel classes during parts of the Civil War, yet classes were cancelled at Centre on March 2014, due to weather conditions. On Thursday, October 5, 2000, Centre College hosted the Vice Presidential Debate, becoming the
Transylvania University is a private university in Lexington, United States. Transylvania was founded in 1780, it offers 36 major programs, as well as dual-degree engineering programs, is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Transylvania's name, meaning "across the woods" in Latin, stems from the university's founding in the forested region of western Virginia known as the Transylvania Colony, which became most of Kentucky in 1792. Transylvania is the alma mater of two U. S. vice presidents, two U. S. Supreme Court justices, 50 U. S. senators, 101 U. S. representatives, 36 U. S. governors, the one Confederate President, 34 U. S. ambassadors, making it a large producer of U. S. statesmen. Its medical program graduated 8,000 physicians by 1859, its enduring footprint, both in national and Southern academia, makes it among the most prolific cultural establishments and the most storied institutions in the South. Transylvania was the first college west of the Allegheny Mountains, was named for the Colony of Transylvania, Latin for across the woods, which aimed to educate good citizens.
Thomas Jefferson was governor of Virginia when the Virginia Assembly chartered Transylvania Seminary in 1780. Called Transylvania University by 1799, its first sponsor was the Christ Episcopal Church's rector, the Reverend Moore; the school became affiliated with the Presbyterian Church. Situated in a log cabin in Boyle County, the school moved to Lexington in 1789; the first site in Lexington was a single building in. By 1818, a new main building was constructed for students' classes. In 1829, that building burned, the school was moved to its present location north of Third Street. Old Morrison, the only campus building at the time, was constructed 1830–34, under the supervision of Henry Clay, who both taught law and was a member of Transylvania's Board. After 1818, the university included a medical school, a law school, a divinity school, a college of arts and sciences. An institution that aided in the development of today's Transylvania University was Bacon College of Georgetown, named after Sir Francis Bacon, a school that would, for a brief time, be known as Kentucky University.
This school was not affiliated with the modern University of Kentucky. Founded by Baptist churches in Kentucky, Bacon College operated from 1837 to 1851, it was distinct from nearby Georgetown College, another Baptist-supported institution. Bacon College closed due to lack of funding, but seven years in 1858, Bacon College's charter was amended to establish Kentucky University when the school had secured significant financial backing and was moved to donated land in Harrodsburg; this school closed in 1860 and its Harrodsburg building burned in 1864. By mutual agreement and an act of the state legislature the college was merged with Transylvania University in 1865. From these early years, Transylvania has dominated academe in the bluegrass region, was the sought-out destination for the children of the South's political and folk leadership, military families, business elite, it attracted many politically ambitious young men including the founder of Texas. Following the devastating Civil War, Kentucky University was hit by a major fire, both it and Transylvania University were left in dire financial straits.
In 1865, both institutions secured permission to merge. The new institution used Transylvania's campus in Lexington while perpetuating the Kentucky University name; the university was reorganized around several new colleges, including the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Kentucky, publicly chartered as a department of Kentucky University as a land-grant institution under the Morrill Act. However, due to questions regarding having a federally funded land-grant college controlled by a religious body, the A&M college was spun off in 1878 as an independent, state-run institution; the A&M of Kentucky soon developed into one of the state's flagship public universities, the University of Kentucky. Kentucky University's College of the Bible, which traced its roots to Bacon College's Department of Hebrew Literature, received a separate charter in 1878. Transylvania's seminary became a separate institution, but remained housed on the Kentucky University campus until 1950, it changed its name to the Lexington Theological Seminary.
In 1903, Hamilton College, a Lexington-based women's college founded in 1869, merged into Kentucky University. Due to confusion between Kentucky University and its daughter institution, the University of Kentucky, the institution was renamed "Transylvania University," in 1908. In 1988, Transylvania University experienced an infringement on the institution's trademark when Hallmark Cards began selling Transylvania University T-shirts; the product, developed for the 1988 Halloween season, was intended to be a novelty item purporting to be college wear from the fictional Count Dracula's alma mater. When contacted by Transylvania University, Hallmark admitted that they were not aware of the Kentucky-based institution and recalled all unsold product immediately. Transylvania University is now affiliated with the Disciples of Christ. Robert Penn Warren set part of his novel All the King's Men at Transylvania University. Robert Lowell referred to the university in his sonnet "The Graduate." The poem states gleefully that "Transylvania's Greek Revival Chapel is one of the best Greek Revival things in the South."
A 2004 heist at Transylvania University's special collections library was the subject of true-crime drama film American Animals, released in 2018. Transylvania is home to the Judy Gaines Young Book Aw