Republic of Texas
The Republic of Texas was a sovereign state in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846. It was bordered by Mexico to the west and southwest, the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast, the two U. S. states of Louisiana and Arkansas to the east and northeast, United States territories encompassing parts of the current U. S. states of Oklahoma, Colorado and New Mexico to the north and west. The citizens of the republic were known as Texians; the region of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas referred to as Mexican Texas declared its independence from Mexico during the Texas Revolution in 1836. The Texas war of independence ended on April 21, 1836, but Mexico refused to recognize the independence of the Republic of Texas, intermittent conflicts between the two states continued into the 1840s; the United States recognized the Republic of Texas in March 1837 but declined to annex the territory. The Republic-claimed borders were based upon the Treaties of Velasco between the newly created Texas Republic and Antonio López de Santa Anna of Mexico.
The eastern boundary had been defined by the Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819 between the United States and Spain, which recognised the Sabine River as the eastern boundary of Spanish Texas and western boundary of the Missouri Territory. Under the Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819 the United States had renounced its claim to Spanish land to the east of the Rocky Mountains and to the north of the Rio Grande, which it claimed to have acquired as part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803; the republic's southern and western boundary with Mexico was disputed throughout the republic's existence. Texas claimed the Rio Grande as its southern boundary, while Mexico insisted that the Nueces River was the boundary. Texas was annexed by the United States on December 29, 1845 and was admitted to the Union as the 28th state on that day, with the transfer of power from the Republic to the new state of Texas formally taking place on February 19, 1846. However, the United States again inherited the southern and western border dispute with Mexico, which became a trigger for the Mexican–American War.
Texas had been one of the Provincias Internas of New Spain, a region known historiographically as Spanish Texas. Though claimed by Spain, it was not formally colonized by them until competing French interests at Fort St. Louis encouraged Spain to establish permanent settlements in the area. Sporadic missionary incursions occurred into the area during the period from the 1690s–1710s, before the establishment of San Antonio as a permanent civilian settlement. Owing to the area's high Native American populations and its remoteness from the population centers of New Spain, Texas remained unsettled by Europeans, although Spain maintained a small military presence to protect Christian missionaries working among Native American tribes, to act as a buffer against the French in Louisiana and British North America. In 1762, France ceded to Spain most of its claims to the interior of North America, including its claim to Texas, as well as the vast interior that became Spanish Louisiana. During the years 1799 to 1803, the height of the Napoleonic Empire, Spain returned Louisiana back to France, which promptly sold the territory to the United States.
The status of Texas during these transfers was unclear and was not resolved until 1819, when the Adams–Onís Treaty ceded Spanish Florida to the United States, established a clear boundary between Texas and Louisiana. Starting in 1810, the territories of New Spain north of the Isthmus of Panama sought independence in the Mexican War of Independence. Many Americans fought on the side of Mexico against Spain in filibustering expeditions. One of these, the Gutiérrez–Magee Expedition consisted of a group of about 130 Americans under the leadership of Bernardo Gutiérrez de Lara. Gutierrez de Lara initiated Mexico's secession from Spain with efforts contributed by Augustus Magee. Bolstered by new recruits, led by Samuel Kemper, the expedition gained a series of victories against soldiers led by the Spanish governor, Manuel María de Salcedo, their victory at the Battle of Rosillo Creek convinced Salcedo to surrender on April 1, 1813. On April 6, 1813, the victorious Republican Army of the North drafted a constitution and declared the independent Republic of Texas, with Gutiérrez as its president.
Soon disillusioned with the Mexican leadership, the Americans under Kemper returned to the United States. The ephemeral Republic of Texas came to an end following the August 18, 1813 Battle of Medina, where the Spanish Army crushed the Republican Army of the North; the harsh reprisals against the Texas rebels created a deep distrust of the Royal Spanish authorities, veterans of the Battle of Medina became leaders of the Texas Revolution and signatories of the Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico 20 years later. Along with the rest of Mexico, Texas gained its independence from Spain in 1821 following the Treaty of Córdoba, the new Mexican state was organized under the Plan of Iguala, which created Mexico as a constitutional monarchy under its first Emperor Agustín de Iturbide. During the transition from a Spanish territory to part of the independent country of Mexico, Stephen F. Austin led a group of American settlers known as the Old Three Hundred, who negotiated the right to settle in Texas with the Spanish Royal governor of the territory.
Since Mexican independence had been ratified by Spain shortly thereafter, Austin traveled to Mexico City to secure the support of the new country for his right to settle. The establishment of Mexican Texas coincided with the Austin-led settleme
Henderson is a city in Rusk County, northeast Texas, United States. The population was 13,712 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Rusk County. Henderson is named for the first governor of Texas; the city has functioned as a major crossroads in Northeast Texas over the last two centuries. Several major highways pass through the business district of the town, including U. S. Route 259, Texas State Highway 64, U. S. Route 79, Texas State Highway 43, Texas State Highway 42 and Texas State Highway 64. Annual events in the city of Henderson include the Heritage Syrup Festival in November, celebrating the east Texas tradition of syrup making, the East Texas Sacred Harp Convention in August featuring shape note music; the city has a vibrant downtown historic district, with many buildings dating to before the American Civil War. The city has 19 historical markers, including homes dating from the 1880s, colleges. Downtown Henderson is one of the most charming downtowns in the East Texas area. Colorful, canvas awnings highlight the ornate buildings which house Henderson's downtown merchants and offer shade to downtown shoppers visiting the various antiques stores, clothing stores, restaurants lining the Main Streets.
The city of Henderson was established by European Americans. It was developed on land donated by W. B. Ochiltree and James Smith; the First Methodist and First Baptist churches were established in 1845, respectively. The first courthouse, made of wood, was completed in 1849. After the Civil War, the International and Great Northern Railroad crossed through Rusk County but bypassed Henderson. In 1874, the Henderson and Overton Branch Railroad Company built a stretch of railroad connecting Henderson to the tracks running through Overton; this stretch of railroad was sold to the Missouri Pacific Railroad and remains in use to this day. In 1878, a small fire destroyed the courthouse, a brick courthouse was built in its place; this encouraged the construction of several other brick buildings, including the Howard Dickinson House, now a historical site. In 1930, C. M. "Dad" Joiner brought in the Daisy Bradford #3 Discovery Well six miles northwest of Henderson. The discovery of oil in October 1930 created a booming economy in the area, with the population of Henderson increasing from 2,000 to over 10,000 in a few months.
The oil fields in and surrounding Henderson, part of the hugely producing five-county East Texas Oil Field, continue to provide a large part of the wealth of the town and region. During World War II, airmen cadets from the Royal Air Force, flying from their training base at Terrell, Texas flew to Henderson on training flights; the community served as a stand-in for the British for Dunkirk, France, the same distance from London, England as Henderson is from Terrell. On August 5, 1860, a fire burned most of the booming town of Henderson. Forty-three buildings, including two hotels, were destroyed in the fire, for a loss of $220,000. According to the Depot Museum, a man named John Crow recalled the fire as follows: I was about eight years old when Henderson burned. I went to town with my father the day after the fire, it burned every house as well as I recollect, except the Flanagan Brick Building. I remember I was careful not to burn my feet. My father said at the time they thought a fellow named Green Herndon, a union man, had hired a negro woman to burn Henderson.
Herndon was a pronounced opponent of secession. On the negro woman's testimony, a mob gathered, threw a loop around his neck, tied it to a saddle horse which went around the public square dragging Herndon to death, they hung the body to a tree and shot it full of holes... War was in preparation and people were in fits of anger; when the war broke out, the men got all the files they could find and went to the blacksmith shops and made knives and swords. There was much laughter and I remember they said, "We'll whip those damn Yankees with axes and butcher knives. Everyone was anxious to go." 2015 Henderson Tornado On Memorial Day, May 25, 2015, An EF-2 rated. That day, multiple tornadoes had struck other areas in Texas and Oklahoma; the tornado took a path that uprooted trees, damaged buildings, caused minor damage to areas such as downtown. No severe damage was recorded. Henderson is located at 32°9′14″N 94°48′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.0 square miles, of which, 11.9 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water.
State Highway 64 State Highway 42 State Highway 43 Highway 259 Highway 79 As of the census of 2000, there were 11,273 people, 4,350 households, 2,971 families residing in the city. The population density was 947.6 people per square mile. There were 4,831 housing units at an average density of 406.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 68.98% White, 22.34% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 6.80% from other races, 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.80% of the population. There were 4,350 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3
Navarro County, Texas
Navarro County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,735, its county seat is Corsicana. The county is named for José Antonio Navarro, a Tejano leader in the Texas Revolution who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence. Navarro County comprises the Coriscana, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Combined Statistical Area. Navarro County was formed from Robertson County in 1846. In 1860, after the election of Abraham Lincoln to the American presidency, Navarro County lowered the American flag at the courthouse in protest and instead hoisted the Texas flag. Thereafter early in 1861, some 450 Navarro County men enlisted in the new Confederate States Army. Two of the enlistees became outstanding officers, Roger O. Mills and Clinton M. Winkler, a Confederate colonel for whom Winkler County in far West Texas is named; the county commissioners appropriated funds for weapons and ammunition and for the support of the soldiers' families.
The Navarro Rifles constituted an 87-man Confederate infantry unit, formed in Corsicana in July 1861 from area volunteers. They were founded by all of whose four sons fought for the Confederacy. Clinton Winkler, a founder of Navarro County, served as the initial captain; the group trained near Dresden, Spring Hill, Waco and Harrisburg, Texas. The Navarro Rifles became Company I of the Fourth Texas Volunteer Infantry Regiment. In September 1861, the unit reached Virginia; the regiment was placed in the Texas Brigade under the command of General John Bell Hood. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,086 square miles, of which 1,010 square miles are land and 76 square miles are covered by water. Interstate 45 U. S. Highway 287 State Highway 14 State Highway 22 State Highway 31 State Highway 75 State Highway 309 Henderson County Freestone County Limestone County Hill County Ellis County As of the census of 2000, there were 45,124 people, 16,491 households, 11,906 families residing in the county.
The population density was 45 people per square mile. There were 18,449 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.84% White, 16.79% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 9.45% from other races, 1.65% from two or more races. 15.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 16,491 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.80% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years.
For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,268, the median income for a family was $38,130. Males had a median income of $30,112 versus $20,972 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,266. About 13.90% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.10% of those under age 18 and 14.90% of those age 65 or over. Navarro County is listed as part of the Dallas-Fort Worth market area. Local media outlets include: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV; the area is located geographically close to the Waco metropolitan area. Meaning all of the Waco/Temple/Killeen market stations provide coverage for Navarro County, they include: KCEN-TV, KWTX-TV, KXXV-TV, KDYW, KWKT-TV. East Texas NBC affiliate KETK-TV from the Jacksonville/Tyler DMA provides coverage for Navarro County; the Corsicana Daily Sun serves as the area's newspaper.
Chatfield Emmett Montfort, Texas Purdon Pursley Rural Shade Pisgah National Register of Historic Places listings in Navarro County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Navarro County Navarro County government's website Navarro County Office of Emergency Management website Navarro County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Navarro County Genealogical Society
Henderson County Courthouse (Texas)
The Henderson County Courthouse, built in 1913, is an historic 3-story redbrick Classical Revival style courthouse building with full basement located at 100 East Tyler Street in Athens, Texas. The courthouse has been designated as a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark since 2002. Designed by L. L. Thurman, who previously designed the Jeff Davis County Courthouse in Fort Davis, it is unusual for its angled wings, it has a central cupola, not seen in most images, but there is no rotunda under the cupola. It is the second in Athens; the first one was built in 1850 in Buffalo, now a ghost town, the second was built in 1861 in Centerville, a ghost town today. The third courthouse was built in Athens in 1887. List of county courthouses in Texas Media related to Henderson County Courthouse at Wikimedia Commons
Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex encompasses 13 counties within the U. S. state of Texas. Residents of the area refer to it as DFW, or the Metroplex, it is the economic and cultural hub of the region of North Texas, it is the largest inland metropolitan area in the United States. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex's population is 7,399,662 according to the 2017 U. S. Census estimate, making it the largest metropolitan area in both Texas and the South, the fourth-largest in the U. S. and the seventh-largest in the Americas. In 2016, DFW ascended to the number one spot in the nation in year-over-year population growth. In 2016, the metropolitan economy surpassed Houston to become the fourth-largest in the nation the region boasts a GDP of just over $613.4 billion in 2019. As such, the metropolitan area's economy is ranked 10th largest in the world; the region's economy is based on banking, telecommunications, energy and medical research, transportation and logistics. In 2017, Dallas–Fort Worth is home to 24 Fortune 500 companies, the third-largest concentration of Fortune 500 companies in the nation, behind New York City and Chicago.
The metroplex encompasses 9,286 square miles of total area: 8,991 sq mi is land, while 295 sq mi is water, making it larger in area than the states of Rhode Island and Connecticut combined. A portmanteau of metropolis and complex, the term metroplex is credited to Harve Chapman, an executive vice president with Dallas-based Tracy-Locke, one of three advertising agencies that worked with the North Texas Commission on strategies to market the region; the NTC copyrighted the term "Southwest Metroplex" in 1972 as a replacement for the previously-ubiquitous "North Texas", which studies had shown lacked identifiability outside the state. In fact, only 38 percent of a survey group identified Dallas and Fort Worth as part of "North Texas", with the Texas Panhandle a perceived correct answer, being the northernmost region of Texas. Collin County Dallas County Denton County Ellis County Hood County Hunt County Johnson County Kaufman County Parker County Rockwall County Somervell County Tarrant County Wise County Note: Cities and towns are categorized based on the latest population estimates from the North Central Texas Council of Governments.
No population estimates are released for census-designated places, which are marked with an asterisk. These places are categorized based on their 2010 census population. Places designated "principal cities" by the Office of Management and Budget are italicized.1,000,000+ Dallas 500,000–999,999 Fort Worth 200,000–499,999 Arlington Plano Irving Garland 100,000–199,999 Grand Prairie McKinney Frisco Mesquite Carrollton Denton Richardson Lewisville As of the 2010 United States census, there were 6,371,773 people. The racial makeup of the MSA was 50.2% White, 15.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 10.0% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.5% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $48,062, the median income for a family was $55,263. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $27,446 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $21,839. The Dallas–Fort Worth, TX–OK Combined Statistical Area is made up of 20 counties in north central Texas and one county in southern Oklahoma.
The statistical area includes seven micropolitan areas. As of the 2010 Census, the CSA had a population of 6,817,483; the CSA definition encompasses 14,628 sq mi of area, of which 14,126 sq mi is land and 502 sq mi is water. Metropolitan Statistical Areas Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Sherman-Denison Micropolitan Statistical Areas Athens Bonham Corsicana Durant, OK Gainesville Mineral Wells Sulphur Springs Note: The Granbury micropolitan statistical area was made part of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area effective 2013; as of the census of 2000, there were 5,487,956 people, 2,006,665 households, 1,392,540 families residing within the CSA. The racial makeup of the CSA was 70.41% White, 13.34% African American, 0.59% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.62% from other races, 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.83% of the population. It is home to the fourth-largest Muslim population in the country; the median income for a household in the CSA was $43,836, the median income for a family was $50,898.
Males had a median income of $37,002 versus $25,553 for females. The per capita income for the CSA was $20,460; the metroplex overlooks prairie land with a few rolling hills dotted by man-made lakes cut by streams and rivers surrounded by forest land. The metroplex is situated in the Texas blackland prairies region, so named for its fertile black soil found in the rural areas of Collin, Ellis, Hunt and Rockwall counties. Many areas of Denton, Parker and Wise counties are locat
Anderson County, Texas
Anderson County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 58,458, its county seat is Palestine. Anderson County was organized in 1846, was named for Kenneth L. Anderson, the final Vice President of the Republic of Texas. Anderson County comprises TX Micropolitan Statistical Area; the county is wholly located within area codes 430 and 903. Indians friendly to the settlers resided in East Texas before the Kiowa, Kichai and Comanche intruded upon their territory; these tribes hunted, farmed the land, were adept traders. By 1772, they had settled on the Brazos on the Trinity upstream from present Palestine; the Tawakoni branch of Wichita Indians originated north of Texas, but migrated south into East Texas. From 1843 onward, the Tawakoni were part of treaties made by both the Republic of Texas and the United States. On May 19, 1836, an alliance of Comanche, Kiowa and Wichita attacked Fort Parker, killing or kidnapping all but about 18 settlers, who managed to escape to Fort Houston, erected in Anderson County in 1835 as protection against Indians.
Among the captured was Cynthia Ann Parker, who became the mother of Quanah Parker, a Comanche chief. Some residents of Anderson County are related to Cynthia Ann Parker. In October 1838, Gen. Thomas Jefferson Rusk conducted a raid against hostile Indians at Kickapoo, near Frankston, ending the engagements with the Indians in East Texas for that year. In 1826, empresario David G. Burnet received a grant from the Coahuila y Tejas legislature to settle 300 families in what is now Anderson County. Most of the settlers came from Missouri. Baptist leader Daniel Parker and eight other men organized the Pilgrim Predestinarian Regular Baptist Church in Lamotte, Illinois; this entire group migrated in 1833 to the new frontier of Texas. Among this group were Silas M. Parker, Moses Herrin, Elisha Anglin, Luther T. M. Plummer, David Faulkenberry, Joshua Hadley, Samuel Frost. Fort Parker was the earliest actual settlement in the vicinity. After the fort was attacked, some of the survivors moved to Anderson County.
The First Legislature of the State of Texas formed Anderson County from Houston County on March 24, 1846. The county was named for Kenneth Lewis Anderson. Palestine was named the county seat. Anderson County voted for secession from the Union; when the Civil War began, former Palestine district judge Judge John H. Reagan served in the cabinet of the Confederate government as postmaster general, being captured at the end of the war and spending 22 months in solitary confinement. During Reconstruction, District Nine Court Judge Reuben A. Reeves, a resident of Palestine, was removed from office as "an obstruction to Reconstruction" in part because of his refusal to allow blacks to participate as jurors in the judicial process. In 1875, the International – Great Northern Railroad placed its machine and repair shops and general offices in Palestine, causing the community to double in size over the next 5 years. For a time, it was a rough railroad town, dominated by male workers. White violence against blacks occurred in the county.
In July 1910, at least 22 blacks were killed in white rioting near Slocum, a majority-black community, in what is called the Slocum Massacre. Racial and economic tensions were high and southern states had disenfranchised blacks and imposed Jim Crow in furtherance of white supremacy. Anderson County tied for 13th place in a list of the 25 American counties with the highest number of lynchings between 1877-1950. Oral tradition in the African-American community says that as many as 200 blacks may have been killed in the massacre. An estimated 200 whites rioted and attacked blacks on the roads, in the fields, in Slocum on July 29–30, 1910. Many black homes were burned, black families fled for their lives, having to abandon their property and assets; this town is about 20 miles east of the county seat at Palestine. At the time, as was usual, events were described as a "race riot" by blacks. Afterward, 11 men were arrested and seven were indicted, including James Spurger, said by many to be the instigator, but no prosecution resulted.
The massacre had been preceded by racial tensions, and, for 6 months, at least one lynching per month of blacks in East Texas. In January 2016, the state installed a highway historical marker in Slocum to recognize this unprovoked attack on the black community. In January 1928, the first oil-producing well in Anderson County, the Humble-Lizzie Smith No. 1, was completed. From 1929 to 2000, 295,904,540 barrels of oil were produced from county lands; the Fairway Oil Field was discovered in 1960, straddles the border of Anderson and Henderson Counties. Oil is produced from the Lower Cretaceous James Limestone member of the Pearsall formation; the Gus Engeling Wildlife Management Area was purchased by the state between 1950 and 1960, much of it owned by Milze L. Derden; the area was renamed in 1952 for Gus A. Engeling; the first state biologist assigned to the area, he was killed by a poacher on December 13, 1951. The terrain of Anderson County consists of hills carved by drainages and gullies, with numerous lakes and ponds.
The Trinity River flows southward along the west boundary line of the county. The terrain slopes to the south and east, with its highest points along the midpoint of its northern boundary line at 551' ASL; the county has a total area of 1,078 square miles, of which
Cherokee County, Texas
Cherokee County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 50,845; the county seat is Rusk. The county was named for the Cherokee, who lived in the area before being expelled in 1839. Rusk, the county seat, is 130 miles southeast of Dallas and 160 miles north of Houston. Cherokee County comprises the Jacksonville, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Tyler-Jacksonville, TX Combined Statistical Area; the Hasinai group of the Caddo tribe built a village in the area about AD 800 and continued to live in the area until the 1830s, when they migrated to the Brazos River. The federal government moved them to the Brazos Indian Reservation in 1855 and to Oklahoma; the Cherokee, Delaware and Kickapoo Native American peoples began settling in the area circa 1820. The Texas Cherokee tried unsuccessfully to gain a grant to their own land from the Mexican government. Sam Houston, adopted son of Chief Oolooteka of the Cherokee, negotiated the January 14, 1836, treaty between Chief Bowl of the Cherokee and the Republic of Texas.
On December 16, 1837, the Texas Senate declared the treaty null and void, encroachment of Cherokee lands continued. On October 5, 1838, Indians massacred members of the Isaac Killough family at their farm northwest of the site of present Jacksonville, leading to the Cherokee War of 1839 and the expulsion of some to Oklahoma, some went to Monclova and some over into Rusk/Gregg counties. In 1844 President Polk issues an executive order known as "The Right to return" allowing many Cherokee to return to Texas. Indians from the land, to become the county of Cherokee. Domingo Terán de los Ríos and Father Damián Massanet explored the area on behalf of Spain in 1691. Louis Juchereau de St. Denis began trading with the Hasinais in 1705. Nuestro Padre San Francisco de los Tejas Mission was established in 1690, but was re-established in 1716 by Captain Domingo Ramon, it was abandoned again because of French incursions and re-established in 1721 by the Marques de San Miguel de Aguyao. In 1826, empresario David G. Burnet received a grant from the Coahuila y Tejas legislature to settle 300 families.
The settlers were from the southern states and brought with that lifestyle with them. By contracting how many families each grantee could settle, the government sought to have some control over colonization. Cherokee County was formed from land given by Nacogdoches County in 1846, it was organized the same year. The town of Rusk became the county seat. Cherokee County voted in favor of secession during the build-up to the Civil War. In 1872, the International – Great Northern Railroad caused Jacksonville to relocate two miles east, to be near the tracks; the Kansas and Gulf Short Line Railway was built north-to-south through the county between 1882 and 1885. The Texas and New Orleans Railroad in 1905, the Texas State Railroad in 1910, each gave rise to new county towns along their tracks. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,062 square miles, of which 1,053 square miles is land and 9.3 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 69 U. S. Highway 79 U. S. Highway 84 U.
S. Highway 175 State Highway 21 State Highway 110 State Highway 135 State Highway 204 State Highway 294 Smith County Rusk County Nacogdoches County Angelina County Houston County Anderson County Henderson County Neches River National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, 46,659 people, 16,651 households, 12,105 families resided in the county; the population density was 44 people per square mile. The 19,173 housing units averaged 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 74.34% White, 15.96% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 7.43% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. About 13.24% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 16,651 households, 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 12.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.30% were not families. Around 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.63, the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was distributed as 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,313, for a family was $34,750. Males had a median income of $26,410 versus $19,788 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,980. About 13.70% of families and 17.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.30% of those under age 18 and 15.10% of those age 65 or over. Cherokee County is part of the Tyler/Longview/Jacksonville DMA. Local media outlets are: KLTV, KTRE-TV, KYTX-TV, KFXK-TV, KCEB-TV, KETK-TV. Newspapers in the county include the Jacksonville Progress, which publishes three editions a week in Jacksonville, the weekly Cherokeean Herald in Rusk.
Alto Bullard Cuney Wells Shadybrook Etna Knoxville National Register of Historic Places listings in Cherokee County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Cherokee County Travis Clardy, Texas state representative from Cherokee County Cherokee County in Handbook of Texas O