click links in text for more info

Hengsha Island

Hengsha is a low-lying alluvial island at the mouth of the Yangtze River in eastern China. Together with the islands of Chongming and Changxing, it forms Chongming County, the northernmost area of the provincial-level municipality of Shanghai, its population was 33,400 in 2008. Heng is the horizontal, rightward stroke ⟨一⟩ used in writing Chinese characters, similar in form to a dash, it is used to mean "horizontal". It was applied to the island for the way it stood athwart the mouth of the Yangtze, although time has now given it a round or heart-like shape and moved it in line with Changxing. Hengsha first emerged from the Yangtze in 1858, it began to be reclaimed for agricultural purposes in 1886 or 1890. Hengsha Township was established in 1909. Between its formation and 1958, the island expanded towards the northwest while receding to the southeast: together, these actions caused the island to "migrate" about 5.25 kilometers in the direction of Changxing. Under the Republic, the island carried on an active trade in grains via junk.

Hengsha was part of Chuansha County, which merged into Pudong. In 1958, the island was placed under Baoshan County, as its ferries operated from the harbor of Wusong at the mouth of the Huangpu; the island's wandering was ended by the erection of a seawall and stabilization of the banks around the island. The next year, it saw a major influx of population, including boat people who were organized into fishing brigades. During the Down to the Countryside Movement, many of the sent-down youth from Shanghai travelled no further than Hengsha, where they assisted in reclamation, urban defense, propaganda efforts. Hengsha was named among the first set of national tourist resorts by Beijing in October 1992. Initial plans called for the construction of a casino, although, cancelled. In March 2002, the Shanghai Municipal Government approved plans to develop Hengsha as an international conference center and forest park, with tree coverage over at least 70% of the island. In 2005, it was moved from the jurisdiction of Baoshan District to Chongming County.

Hengsha is located in the channel of the Yangtze River flowing south of Chongming and north of the districts of Baoshan and Pudong before its entrance into the East China Sea. Hengsha is the southeastern-most of the three islands of Chongming County, separated from Changxing to its west by the Hengsha Xiaogang Channel. Hengsha is round, with a height north-to-south of about 10 kilometers and a breadth east-to-west of about 8 kilometers. Expanding, it covered about 56 square kilometers in 2010 and had an average elevation of 2.87 meters. Hengsha is the site of significant land reclamation works, with dykes constructed to its southeast in order to drain and fill 100 square kilometers during the lifetime of the project; the orchards of Hengsha are the center for Shanghai's production of citrus fruits. Other crops include rice and rape. Both freshwater and marine fishing are practiced; the island is being developed for ecotourism and high-end resorts, including an international conference center, communities of low-density luxury villas, yacht clubs.

One of Shanghai's commercial cemeteries is located on the island and the Hengsha Xiaogang Channel is used for sea burials and the dispersing of ashes. Hengsha is administered as a single township named Hengsha; this is divided into 24 villages, including one fishing village. The main settlement is at Xinmin; the others are: Unlike Chongming and Changxing, Hengsha remains connected to the rest of Shanghai only by ferry service. There are plans for a small airport to be constructed. Hengsha is one of the main settings of the 2011 video game Deus Ex: Human Revolution, in which it is depicted as a major metropolitan area. Islands of Shanghai & of China Chongming County's official English-language website 横沙岛 at Baidu Baike 横沙岛 at Hudong Baike


Madawaska—Victoria was a federal electoral district in New Brunswick, represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1968 to 1997. The riding consisted of Madawaska and Victoria Counties, which until 1966 had been part of Restigouche—Madawaska and Victoria—Carleton respectively; the district's boundaries did not change during its 30 years. With the 1996 redistribution, most of Madawaska County was placed in the revived Madawaska—Restigouche, while Victoria County became part of Tobique—Mactaquac riding. Bernard Valcourt, the only non-Liberal elected from this riding, served several positions in Brian Mulroney's cabinet between 1988 and 1993; this riding elected the following Members of Parliament: List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts Website of the Parliament of Canada Riding history from the Library of Parliament

Mark Morriss

Mark James Morriss is an English singer and songwriter, best known as the frontman for The Bluetones. He is the older brother of bandmate and bass player/illustrator Scott Morriss, is pursuing a solo career, his debut solo album, Memory Muscle, was released in May 2008. A folk-tinged record, it includes five re-recorded tracks, released under the name "Fi-Lo Beddow" as an EP in February 2006; the strings on the record were arranged by film composer David Arnold, who became a fan of Expecting to Fly whilst scoring Independence Day. In 2014, Morriss released A Flash of Darkness, through Acid Jazz Records; this was followed by another Acid Jazz release in 2015, The Taste of Mark Morriss, an album of cover versions. Morriss has recorded the theme music for all of the children's audiobooks written by David Walliams. Morriss is currently a full member of Matt Berry's live band, The Maypoles, tours the UK with this outfit as a rhythm guitarist and backing vocalist. 2006 - The Fi-Lo Beddow EP 2008 - "I'm Sick" 2008 - "Lay Low" 2014 - "This Is The Lie" 2014 - "Space Cadet" 2015 - "Lucretia" 2019 - "All The Wrong People" 2019 - "The Beans" 2008 - Memory Muscle 2014 - A Flash of Darkness 2015 - The Taste of Mark Morriss 2017 - Look Up Official website

Oocyte selection

Oocyte selection is a procedure, performed prior to in vitro fertilization, in order to use oocytes with maximal chances of resulting in pregnancy. In contrast, embryo selection takes place after fertilization. Chromosomal evaluation may be performed. Embryos from rescued in vitro-matured metaphase II oocytes show higher fertilization rates and more blastomeres per embryo compared with those from arrested metaphase I oocytes. Morphological features of the oocyte that can be obtained by standard light or polarized light microscopy. However, there is no clear tendency in recent publications to a general increase in predictive value of morphological features. Suggested techniques include zona pellucida imaging, which can detect differences in birefringence between eggs, a predictor of compaction and pregnancy. Polar body biopsy may be used for molecular analysis, can be used for preimplantation genetic screening

Isaac Peral

Isaac Peral y Caballero, was a Spanish engineer, naval officer and designer of the Peral Submarine. He joined the Spanish navy in 1866, developed the first electric-powered submarine, launched in 1888, but it was not accepted by the naval authorities, he left the navy to develop other inventions commercially. IJune 1, 1851, where a seaman in the Spanish navy, was based. In 1859 his father was relocated to the military base of San Fernando. At 14 he decided to join his brother Alejandro in the naval academy Colegio Naval Militar de San Carlos; this was a financial sacrifice for the family and he studied hard to get the best marks. At 16, after only two years, he joined the Spanish navy as a guardiamarina de 2ª, he studied geography and astronomy. Peral took part in combat in the Third Carlist War in Spain, in Cuba, he was awarded a wide range of medals for his service. In 1876, in Cádiz, Peral married daughter of an army doctor, they had nine children but four of them died young. In 1881, Peral was serving as a second lieutenant and member of a hydrographical team in the Philippines.

While there, during a visit to the barber's he received a small cut in his temple, which caused lasting illness and became the site of a brain tumor. Because of his ill-health Peral could not travel any more, so he was given a post in Cádiz, teaching in the new naval school Escuela de Ampliación de Estudios de la Armada. There he found time to pursue his idea of a battery-powered submarine with a system to discharge torpedoes while under water, his main problems were his need for finance to develop and test his inventions, lack of official support, his arrogance when dealing with superiors with less vision. Peral's design for a submarine was first conceived on 20 September 1884, when he wrote a paper which would become his Proyecto de Torpedero Submarino. After performing several studies and experiments, having gained support from his superiors and fellow officers, Peral presented his idea to the Spanish navy staff. In September 1885, he wrote a letter to vice-admiral Pezuela y Lobo. Pezuela y Lobo called Peral to Madrid to have a personal interview with him.

After the interview Pezuela y Lobo agreed to finance Peral's preliminary studies in Cádiz with an initial budget of 5,000 pesetas before launching a program to build a full-scale submarine boat. The Peral submarine was the first practical submarine made, it was launched on September 8, 1888, subsequently in a test with naval authorities it made a simulated attack on a cruiser at night without being noticed and returned to port without any damage. The submarine was coastal, because it lacked a double-hull and Diesel engine, its performance was hardly equaled ten years in other submarines. But a second project was rejected by naval authorities. Peral was getting frustrated, he destroyed the inside of the submarine plus the plans to avoid foreign spies copying it. Isaac Peral, frustrated with the group of senior naval engineers that were supposed to supervise his project, retired from active naval duty in November 1891, he established his family in Madrid, founding an electric company and still inventing and patenting other inventions, such as an electric machine gun or the blueprints of the first electric power plants of Spain.

He still was hoping. After an operation in Berlin to cure the brain tumor he had been suffering from for some years, Peral contracted meningitis, he died from it in Berlin in May 1895. Buried in Madrid, in 1911 his body was relocated to Cartagena, where there is now a museum devoted to his persona and inventions. In 1895 John Philip Holland marked a major step forward in submarine development, designing for the first time a mixed internal combustion/electric propulsion system that would overcome the limited range of batteries; the first submarine to go on active duty in the Spanish Navy was built 22 years based on the Holland class submarine and was named after Peral. His own experimental submarine was written off by the navy in 1913, but was salvaged in 1929 and sent to Cartagena, home port of the navy's submarine flotilla, she was salvaged, kept there in the local Arsenal, until she was handed over to the city, displayed from 1965 in different places of the harbour, shown in the nearby Naval Museum of Cartagena.

Peral's submarine torpedo boat is known as the Peral Submarine, but never bore this name in service. Submarines in service that have received his name are: Isaac Peral Isaac Peral Isaac Peral ex-USS Ronquil Isaac Peral, S-80 class submarine, Under construction at Cartagena Sanmateo Isaac Peral, Javier. "El submarino Peral, de la gloria a la traición". Mandala Ediciones, 2017. ISBN 9788416765805Rodríguez González, Agustín Ramón. Isaac Peral. Historia de una frustracion. Ediciones Grafite, Madrid, 2007. ISBN 978-84-96281-72-1. Works by or about Isaac Peral at Internet Archive RNE radio programme including interviews with his descendants Murcia Region official Isaac Peral page

Saw Omma of Sagaing

Saw Omma was a queen consort of King Swa Saw Ke of Ava. She was a granddaughter of King Saw Yun, the founder of Sagaing Kingdom, a sister of King Thado Minbya, the founder of Ava Kingdom; when Swa became king, Omma was first given the title of Queen of the Middle Palace and Sagaing in fief. When her elder sister Shin Saw Gyi became the chief queen, Omma succeeded her sister as the Queen of the Northern Palace; the following is her ancestry according to Hmannan. She was descended from Pinya royalty, her paternal side is unreported except. Royal Historical Commission of Burma. Hmannan Yazawin. 1–3. Yangon: Ministry of Information, Myanmar. Taw, Sein Ko. Inscriptions of Pagan and Ava: Translation, with Notes. Archaeological Survey of India